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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917226/energy-intake-in-the-first-week-in-an-emergency-intensive-care-unit-may-not-influence-clinical-outcomes-in-critically-ill-overweight-japanese-patients
#1
Satomi Ichimaru, Maren Sono, Ryutaro Seo, Koichi Ariyoshi, Teruyoshi Amagai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition recommends hypocaloric feeding for critically ill patients with a BMI of >=30.0 kg/m2. However, the cut-off value of obesity in Japan is BMI >25.0 kg/m2, due to the higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular risk factors, even at a lower BMI than in Western populations. Thus, the optimal energy intake for critically ill, overweight Asian patients is unknown. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was conducted in patients with BMI of >=25...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916551/genetic-determinants-of-radiographic-knee-osteoarthritis-in-african-americans
#2
Youfang Liu, Michelle S Yau, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, David J Duggan, Jordan B Renner, Marc C Hochberg, Braxton D Mitchell, Rebecca D Jackson, Joanne M Jordan
OBJECTIVE: The etiology of knee osteoarthritis (OA), the most common form of arthritis, is complex and may differ by race or ethnicity. In recent years, genetic studies have identified many genetic variants associated with OA, but nearly all the studies were conducted in European whites and Asian Americans. Few studies have focused on the genetics of knee OA in African Americans. METHODS: We performed a genome-wide association study of radiographic knee OA in 1217 African Americans from 2 North American cohort studies: 590 subjects from the Johnston County Osteoarthritis Project and 627 subjects from the Osteoarthritis Initiative...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914495/acculturation-based-family-conflict-a-validation-of-asian-american-family-conflict-scale-among-chinese-americans
#3
Shiyou Wu, Xiafei Wang, Qi Wu, Fuhua Zhai, Qin Gao
Acculturation-based family conflicts can influence parent-child relationships and children's development among immigrant families. The Asian American Family Conflict Scale (AAFCS) was developed to measure conflicting practices and values between parents and children in the context of acculturation. Given that considerable cultural and institutional changes have taken place in original countries for the Chinese immigrant population, it is important to investigate whether the factor structure of the AAFCS is appropriate for measuring the attitudes and practices of acculturation among the current Chinese immigrant population...
September 15, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913713/ethnic-groups-differ-in-how-poor-self-rated-mental-health-reflects-psychiatric-disorders
#4
Shervin Assari
AIM: This study aimed to explore cross-ethnic variation in the pattern of the associations between psychiatric disorders and self-rated mental health (SRMH) in the USA. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), 2001-2003, a national household probability sample. The study enrolled 18,237 individuals who were either Non-Hispanic White (n = 7587), African American (n = 4746), Mexican (n = 1442), Cuban (n = 577), Puerto Rican (n = 495), Other Hispanic (n = 1106), Vietnamese (n = 520), Filipino (n = 508), Chinese (n = 600) or Other Asian (n = 656)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912973/clinical-characteristics-in-patients-with-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#5
Janet Yeh, Jennifer Chun, Shira Schwartz, Annie Wang, Elizabeth Kern, Amber A Guth, Deborah Axelrod, Richard Shapiro, Freya Schnabel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare and contrast the clinical characteristics of the triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) and non-TNBC patients, with a particular focus on genetic susceptibility and risk factors prior to diagnosis. METHODS: Our institutional database was queried for all patients diagnosed with invasive breast cancer between January 2010 and May 2016. RESULTS: Out of a total of 1964 patients, 190 (10%) patients had TNBC...
2017: International Journal of Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912189/associations-between-circulating-macrophage-migration-inhibitory-factor-mif-levels-and-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-between-mif-gene-polymorphisms-and-disease-susceptibility-a-meta-analysis
#6
Sang-Cheol Bae, Young Ho Lee
AIM: To systematically review evidence regarding the relationship between circulating macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) levels and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and the association between MIF gene polymorphisms and RA susceptibility. DESIGN: We performed a meta-analysis on data of serum/plasma MIF levels in patients with RA and in controls, and on associations between the MIF-173 C/G and -794CATT5-8 polymorphisms and RA susceptibility. PATIENTS: Twelve studies, comprising a total of 362 RA cases and 531 controls evaluated for MIF levels, and 2367 RA cases and 2395 controls evaluated for MIF polymorphisms, were included...
September 14, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910578/subjective-well-being-in-older-chinese-and-korean-immigrants-in-the-united-states-effects-of-self-rated-health-and-employment-status
#7
Bum Jung Kim, Hyeyoun Jun, Jisun Lee, Kristen Linton, Meehye Kim, Colette Browne
This study examined the effects of association between self-rated health and employment status on subjective well-being among older Chinese and Korean immigrants in the United States. Data were collected from 171 Chinese and 205 Korean older adult immigrants living in Los Angeles County. The primary variables included demographic data, subjective index of well-being, self-rated health, and employment status. Data support the association between self-rated health and subjective well-being for both groups. Employment, education, and age were associated with the level of subjective well-being only for older Korean immigrants...
September 14, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910194/chikungunya-virus-induced-arthritis-role-of-host-and-viral-factors-in-the-pathogenesis
#8
Sarika Amdekar, Deepti Parashar, Kalichamy Alagarasu
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), a member of Alphavirus genus, is responsible for chikungunya fever (CHIKF), which is characterized by the presence of fever, rash, myalgia, and arthralgia. Reemergence of CHIKV has become a significant public health concern in Asian and African countries and is newly emerging in the Middle East, Pacific, American, and European countries. Cytokines, innate (monocytes, natural killer cells) and adaptive immune response (role of B cells and T cells i.e. CD4(+) and CD8(+)), and/or viral factors contribute to CHIKV-induced arthritis...
September 14, 2017: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902271/-clinical-and-epidemiological-characterization-of-chikungunya-fever-in-mexico
#9
Carolina Garay-Morán, Juan Francisco Román-Pedroza, Irma López-Martínez, José Cruz Rodríguez-Martínez, Cuitláhuac Ruiz-Matus, Pablo Kuri-Morales, José Alberto Díaz-Quiñonez
On 6 December 2013, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) reported confirmation of the first two cases of indigenous transmission of chikungunya fever (CHIK) in the Region of the Americas on the island of Sint Maarten (Netherlands Antilles). For the period 2013-2014, a total of 25 627 confirmed autochthonous cases were distributed in 43 countries, with Mexico reporting 155 cases in five states. Information on cases of CHIK in Mexico was obtained from the database of the General Directorate of Epidemiology (Ministry of Health of Mexico)...
August 21, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898252/impact-of-common-genetic-determinants-of-hemoglobin-a1c-on-type-2-diabetes-risk-and-diagnosis-in-ancestrally-diverse-populations-a-transethnic-genome-wide-meta-analysis
#10
Eleanor Wheeler, Aaron Leong, Ching-Ti Liu, Marie-France Hivert, Rona J Strawbridge, Clara Podmore, Man Li, Jie Yao, Xueling Sim, Jaeyoung Hong, Audrey Y Chu, Weihua Zhang, Xu Wang, Peng Chen, Nisa M Maruthur, Bianca C Porneala, Stephen J Sharp, Yucheng Jia, Edmond K Kabagambe, Li-Ching Chang, Wei-Min Chen, Cathy E Elks, Daniel S Evans, Qiao Fan, Franco Giulianini, Min Jin Go, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Yao Hu, Anne U Jackson, Stavroula Kanoni, Young Jin Kim, Marcus E Kleber, Claes Ladenvall, Cecile Lecoeur, Sing-Hui Lim, Yingchang Lu, Anubha Mahajan, Carola Marzi, Mike A Nalls, Pau Navarro, Ilja M Nolte, Lynda M Rose, Denis V Rybin, Serena Sanna, Yuan Shi, Daniel O Stram, Fumihiko Takeuchi, Shu Pei Tan, Peter J van der Most, Jana V Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Andrew Wong, Loic Yengo, Wanting Zhao, Anuj Goel, Maria Teresa Martinez Larrad, Dörte Radke, Perttu Salo, Toshiko Tanaka, Erik P A van Iperen, Goncalo Abecasis, Saima Afaq, Behrooz Z Alizadeh, Alain G Bertoni, Amelie Bonnefond, Yvonne Böttcher, Erwin P Bottinger, Harry Campbell, Olga D Carlson, Chien-Hsiun Chen, Yoon Shin Cho, W Timothy Garvey, Christian Gieger, Mark O Goodarzi, Harald Grallert, Anders Hamsten, Catharina A Hartman, Christian Herder, Chao Agnes Hsiung, Jie Huang, Michiya Igase, Masato Isono, Tomohiro Katsuya, Chiea-Chuen Khor, Wieland Kiess, Katsuhiko Kohara, Peter Kovacs, Juyoung Lee, Wen-Jane Lee, Benjamin Lehne, Huaixing Li, Jianjun Liu, Stephane Lobbens, Jian'an Luan, Valeriya Lyssenko, Thomas Meitinger, Tetsuro Miki, Iva Miljkovic, Sanghoon Moon, Antonella Mulas, Gabriele Müller, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Ramaiah Nagaraja, Matthias Nauck, James S Pankow, Ozren Polasek, Inga Prokopenko, Paula S Ramos, Laura Rasmussen-Torvik, Wolfgang Rathmann, Stephen S Rich, Neil R Robertson, Michael Roden, Ronan Roussel, Igor Rudan, Robert A Scott, William R Scott, Bengt Sennblad, David S Siscovick, Konstantin Strauch, Liang Sun, Morris Swertz, Salman M Tajuddin, Kent D Taylor, Yik-Ying Teo, Yih Chung Tham, Anke Tönjes, Nicholas J Wareham, Gonneke Willemsen, Tom Wilsgaard, Aroon D Hingorani, Josephine Egan, Luigi Ferrucci, G Kees Hovingh, Antti Jula, Mika Kivimaki, Meena Kumari, Inger Njølstad, Colin N A Palmer, Manuel Serrano Ríos, Michael Stumvoll, Hugh Watkins, Tin Aung, Matthias Blüher, Michael Boehnke, Dorret I Boomsma, Stefan R Bornstein, John C Chambers, Daniel I Chasman, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Yduan-Tsong Chen, Ching-Yu Cheng, Francesco Cucca, Eco J C de Geus, Panos Deloukas, Michele K Evans, Myriam Fornage, Yechiel Friedlander, Philippe Froguel, Leif Groop, Myron D Gross, Tamara B Harris, Caroline Hayward, Chew-Kiat Heng, Erik Ingelsson, Norihiro Kato, Bong-Jo Kim, Woon-Puay Koh, Jaspal S Kooner, Antje Körner, Diana Kuh, Johanna Kuusisto, Markku Laakso, Xu Lin, Yongmei Liu, Ruth J F Loos, Patrik K E Magnusson, Winfried März, Mark I McCarthy, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Ken K Ong, Nancy L Pedersen, Mark A Pereira, Annette Peters, Paul M Ridker, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Michele Sale, Danish Saleheen, Juha Saltevo, Peter Eh Schwarz, Wayne H H Sheu, Harold Snieder, Timothy D Spector, Yasuharu Tabara, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Rob M van Dam, James G Wilson, James F Wilson, Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel, Tien Yin Wong, Jer-Yuarn Wu, Jian-Min Yuan, Alan B Zonderman, Nicole Soranzo, Xiuqing Guo, David J Roberts, Jose C Florez, Robert Sladek, Josée Dupuis, Andrew P Morris, E-Shyong Tai, Elizabeth Selvin, Jerome I Rotter, Claudia Langenberg, Inês Barroso, James B Meigs
BACKGROUND: Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is used to diagnose type 2 diabetes (T2D) and assess glycemic control in patients with diabetes. Previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified 18 HbA1c-associated genetic variants. These variants proved to be classifiable by their likely biological action as erythrocytic (also associated with erythrocyte traits) or glycemic (associated with other glucose-related traits). In this study, we tested the hypotheses that, in a very large scale GWAS, we would identify more genetic variants associated with HbA1c and that HbA1c variants implicated in erythrocytic biology would affect the diagnostic accuracy of HbA1c...
September 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895918/trauma-affecting-asian-pacific-islanders-in-the-san-francisco-bay-area
#11
Pollie Bith-Melander, Nagia Chowdhury, Charulata Jindal, Jimmy T Efird
Trauma is a transgenerational process that overwhelms the community and the ability of family members to cope with life stressors. An anthropologist trained in ethnographic methods observed three focus groups from a non-profit agency providing trauma and mental health services to Asian Americans living in the San Francisco Bay Area of United States. Supplemental information also was collected from staff interviews and notes. Many of the clients were immigrants, refugees, or adult children of these groups. This report consisted of authentic observations and rich qualitative information to characterize the impact of trauma on refugees and immigrants...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893477/live-attenuated-tetravalent-dengue-vaccines-the-needs-and-challenges-of-post-licensure-evaluation-of-vaccine-safety-and-effectiveness
#12
REVIEW
Ole Wichmann, Kirsten Vannice, Edwin J Asturias, Expedito José de Albuquerque Luna, Ira Longini, Anna Lena Lopez, Peter G Smith, Hasitha Tissera, In-Kyu Yoon, Joachim Hombach
Since December 2015, the first dengue vaccine has been licensed in several Asian and Latin American countries for protection against disease from all four dengue virus serotypes. While the vaccine demonstrated an overall good safety and efficacy profile in clinical trials, some key research questions remain which make risk-benefit-assessment for some populations difficult. As for any new vaccine, several questions, such as very rare adverse events following immunization, duration of vaccine-induced protection and effectiveness when used in public health programs, will be addressed by post-licensure studies and by data from national surveillance systems after the vaccine has been introduced...
September 8, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891252/the-incidence-and-prevalence-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-new-york-county-manhattan-new-york-the-manhattan-lupus-surveillance-program
#13
Peter M Izmirly, Isabella Wan, Sara Sahl, Jill P Buyon, H Michael Belmont, Jane E Salmon, Anca Askanase, Joan M Bathon, Laura Geraldino-Pardilla, Yousaf Ali, Ellen M Ginzler, Chaim Putterman, Caroline Gordon, Charles G Helmick, Hilary Parton
OBJECTIVE: The Manhattan Lupus Surveillance Program (MLSP) is a population-based registry designed to determine the prevalence of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in 2007 and the incidence from 2007 to 2009 among residents of New York County (Manhattan), New York, and to characterize cases by race/ethnicity, including Asians and Hispanics, for whom data are lacking. METHODS: We identified possible SLE cases from hospital records, rheumatologist records, and administrative databases...
September 10, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891237/the-incidence-and-prevalence-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-san-francisco-county-california-the-california-lupus-surveillance-project
#14
Maria Dall'Era, Miriam G Cisternas, Kurt Snipes, Lisa J Herrinton, Caroline Gordon, Charles G Helmick
OBJECTIVE: Estimates of the incidence and prevalence of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in the US have varied widely. The purpose of this study was to conduct the California Lupus Surveillance Project (CLSP) to determine credible estimates of SLE incidence and prevalence, with a special focus on Hispanics and Asians. METHODS: The CLSP, which is funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, is a population-based registry of individuals with SLE residing in San Francisco County, CA, from January 1, 2007 through December 31, 2009...
September 10, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887674/robot-assisted-transaxillary-thyroidectomy-ratt-a-series-appraisal-of-more-than-250-cases-from-europe
#15
Gabriele Materazzi, Lorenzo Fregoli, Piermarco Papini, Sohail Bakkar, Malince Chicas Vasquez, Paolo Miccoli
BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted transaxillary thyroidectomy (RATT) is widely accepted in Asian countries. However, concerns regarding the balance between its real advantages and safety and cost have been raised by North American authorities. In Europe, assessments have been limited by small numbers since now. The purpose here is to report a large European experience with RATT. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 257 patients who underwent RATT for nodular disease between February 2012 and September 2016...
September 8, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886943/short-and-long-term-protective-efficacy-against-clade-2-3-4-4-h5n2-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-virus-following-prime-boost-vaccination-in-turkeys
#16
Jefferson J S Santos, Adebimpe O Obadan, Stivalis Cardenas Garcia, Silvia Carnaccini, Darrell R Kapczynski, Mary Pantin-Jackwood, David L Suarez, Daniel R Perez
Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) infections are frequently associated with systemic disease and high mortality in domestic poultry, particularly in chickens and turkeys. Clade 2.3.4.4 represents a genetic cluster within the Asian HPAIV H5 Goose/Guangdong lineage that has transmitted through migratory birds and spread throughout the world. In 2014, clade 2.3.4.4 strains entered the U.S. via the Pacific flyway, reassorted with local strains of the North American lineage, and produced novel HPAIV strains of the H5N1, H5N2, and H5N8 subtypes...
September 5, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886044/genetic-variants-in-cyp2b6-and-cyp2a6-explain-interindividual-variation-in-efavirenz-plasma-concentrations-of-hiv-infected-children-with-diverse-ethnic-origin
#17
Sandra Soeria-Atmadja, Emma Österberg, Lars L Gustafsson, Marja-Liisa Dahl, Jaran Eriksen, Johanna Rubin, Lars Navér
BACKGROUND: Approximately 2.6 million children live with HIV globally, and efavirenz (EFV) is one of the most widely used antiretroviral agents for HIV treatment in children and adults. There are concerns about the appropriateness of current EFV dosing and it has been discussed whether EFV dosing should be adapted according to genotype in children as suggested for adults. AIM: To investigate if pediatric EFV dosing should be guided by genetic variation in drug metabolizing enzymes rather than by body weight...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885123/thirty-day-inpatient-readmissions-for-asian-american-and-pacific-islander-subgroups-compared-with-whites
#18
Tetine Sentell, Hyeong Jun Ahn, Jill Miyamura, Deborah A Taira
Asian and Pacific Islander (API) 30-day potentially preventable readmissions (PPRs) are understudied. Hawaii Health Information Corporation data from 2007-2012 statewide adult hospitalizations ( N = 495,910) were used to compare API subgroup and White PPRs. Eight percent of hospitalizations were PPRs. Seventy-two percent of other Pacific Islanders, 60% of Native Hawaiians, and 52% of Whites with a PPR were 18 to 64 years, compared with 22% of Chinese and 21% of Japanese. In multivariable models including payer, hospital, discharge year, residence location, and comorbidity, PPR disparities existed for some API subpopulations 65+ years, including Native Hawaiian men (odds ratio [OR] = 1...
November 1, 2016: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883979/review-chronic-and-persistent-diarrhea-with-a-focus-in-the-returning-traveler
#19
REVIEW
Christopher A Duplessis, Ramiro L Gutierrez, Chad K Porter
BACKGROUND: Travelers' diarrhea is a common malady afflicting up to 50% of travelers after a 2-week travel period. An appreciable percentage of these cases will become persistent or chronic. We summarized the published literature reporting persistent/chronic diarrhea in travelers elucidating current understanding of disease incidence, etiology and regional variability. METHODS: We searched electronic databases (Medline, Embase, and Cochrane database of clinical trials) from 1990 to 2015 using the following terms: "chronic or persistent diarrh* and (returning) travel* or enteropathogen, GeoSentinel, and travel-associated infection...
2017: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883511/cytotoxic-response-against-epstein-barr-virus-coexists-with-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-tolerogenic-microenvironment-clinical-features-and-survival-impact
#20
Melina Cohen, Aldana G Vistarop, Fuad Huaman, Marina Narbaitz, Fernanda Metrebian, Elena De Matteo, María V Preciado, Paola A Chabay
Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) is present in neoplastic cells of 15% of Asian and Latin-American diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients. Even though a tolerogenic microenvironment was recently described in DLBCL, little is known concerning immunomodulatory features induced by EBV. As suggested in Hodgkin lymphoma, EBV-specific cytotoxic T-cells are increased but showing immune exhaustion features. Hence, host immunity suppression may play a critical role in tumor progression. This study aimed to investigate, whether an association between tumor microenvironment features and EBV presence is taking place, and its clinical correlate...
September 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
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