keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Asian american

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920829/clinical-and-genetic-features-of-australian-families-with-long-qt-syndrome-a-registry-based-study
#1
Charlotte Burns, Jodie Ingles, Andrew M Davis, Vanessa Connell, Belinda Gray, Lauren Hunt, Julie McGaughran, Christopher Semsarian
BACKGROUND: Familial long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a primary arrhythmogenic disorder caused by mutations in ion channel genes. The phenotype ranges from asymptomatic individuals to sudden cardiac arrest and death. LQTS is a rare but significant health problem for which global data should exist. This study sought to provide the first clinical and genetic description of Australian families with LQTS. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study to evaluate clinical and genetic features of families with LQTS...
December 2016: Journal of Arrhythmia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920553/meta-analysis-of-the-impact-of-thioprine-s-methyltransferase-polymorphisms-on-the-tolerable-6-mercaptopurine-dose-considering-initial-dose-and-ethnic-difference
#2
Myeong Gyu Kim, Minoh Ko, In-Wha Kim, Jung Mi Oh
A meta-analysis was conducted to decide whether to reduce an initial 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) dose in TPMT heterozygote in the case of an initial 6-MP dose of <75 mg/m(2)/d and to compare the tolerable 6-MP dose among different ethnic groups. The study was undertaken according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. The differences in mean values of the tolerable 6-MP dose were calculated by using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis version 3. The results of the meta-analysis indicated that the tolerable 6-MP dose was significantly lower in the TPMT heterozygote group (difference in mean values =11...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919353/dyslipidemia-according-to-gender-and-race-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#3
Raul D Santos, Isabela M Bensenor, Alexandre C Pereira, Paulo A Lotufo
BACKGROUND: There is little information regarding lipid profiles of racially mixed populations. Differently from other Latin American countries, the proportion of African ancestry is much higher in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: Verify whether there are differences in the lipid profile between black and white subjects and if people with mixed ancestry have a pattern more closely resembling whites or blacks. METHODS: A total of 15,105 civil servants aged 35-74 years from the ELSA-Brasil study had their fasting lipid profile determined...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917881/distinct-and-shared-determinants-of-cardiomyocyte-contractility-in-multi-lineage-competent-ethnically-diverse-human-ipscs
#4
Martin L Tomov, Zachary T Olmsted, Haluk Dogan, Eda Gongorurler, Maria Tsompana, Hasan H Otu, Michael Buck, Eun-Ah Chang, Jose Cibelli, Janet L Paluh
The realization of personalized medicine through human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology can be advanced by transcriptomics, epigenomics, and bioinformatics that inform on genetic pathways directing tissue development and function. When possible, population diversity should be included in new studies as resources become available. Previously we derived replicate iPSC lines of African American, Hispanic-Latino and Asian self-designated ethnically diverse (ED) origins with normal karyotype, verified teratoma formation, pluripotency biomarkers, and tri-lineage in vitro commitment...
December 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917361/il28b-genotype-is-associated-with-cirrhosis-or-transition-to-cirrhosis-in-treatment-naive-patients-with-chronic-hcv-genotype-1-infection-the-international-observational-gen-c-study
#5
Alessandra Mangia, Victor De Ledinghen, François Bailly, Javier Brahm, Jazeps Keiss, Jonas Valantinas, Nele Rasmann, Diethelm Messinger, Fernando Tatsch, Georgios Bakalos, Graham R Foster
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Contradictory data exist on the association between host interleukin-28B (IL28B) rs12979860 genotype and liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). This large, international, observational study (NCT01675427/MV25600) investigated relationships between IL28B rs12979860 genotype and liver fibrosis stage in CHC patients. METHODS: A total of 3003 adult, treatment-naive CHC patients were enrolled into the study. Patients made one study visit to provide a blood sample for genotyping; other data were obtained from medical records...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917300/household-structure-and-suburbia-residence-in-u-s-metropolitan-areas-evidence-from-the-american-housing-survey
#6
Gowoon Jung, Tse-Chuan Yang
Suburbs have demographically diversified in terms of race, yet little research has been done on household structures in suburbs. Using the 2011 American Housing Survey and 2009-2013 American Community Survey, this study investigates the distributions of household structures in suburbia and central cities, and the relationship between household structures and residential attainment. The findings of this research include: (1) The distribution of household structures differs between suburbia and central cities...
2016: Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916277/the-cost-effectiveness-of-hla-b-5801-screening-to-guide-initial-urate-lowering-therapy-for-gout-in-the-united-states
#7
Eric Jutkowitz, Maureen Dubreuil, Na Lu, Karen M Kuntz, Hyon K Choi
OBJECTIVE: Positive HLA-B*5801 carriers are at greater risk of experiencing rare but severe allopurinol hypersensitivity syndrome (AHS) [i.e., Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN)]; however, HLA-B*5801 prevalence and AHS risk vary by race/ethnicity. We evaluated the cost-effectiveness of HLA-B*5801 testing according to race/ethnicity in the United States. METHODS: We determined the cost-effectiveness of universal testing for HLA-B*5801 compared to no testing prior to the initiation of allopurinol per US major race/ethnicity groups...
November 1, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914321/functional-regulation-of-ginsenoside-biosynthesis-by-rna-interferences-of-a-udp-glycosyltransferase-gene-in-panax-ginseng-and-panax-quinquefolius
#8
Chao Lu, Shoujing Zhao, Guanning Wei, Huijuan Zhao, Qingling Qu
Panax ginseng (Asian ginseng) and Panax quinquefolius (American ginseng) have been used as medicinal and functional herbal remedies worldwide. Different properties of P. ginseng and P. quinquefolius were confirmed not only in clinical findings, but also at cellular and molecular levels. The major pharmacological ingredients of P. ginseng and P. quinquefolius are the triterpene saponins known as ginsenosides. The P. ginseng roots contain a higher ratio of ginsenoside Rg1:Rb1 than that in P. quinquefolius...
November 25, 2016: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907107/a-time-calibrated-mitogenome-phylogeny-of-catfish-teleostei-siluriformes
#9
Ilias Kappas, Spiros Vittas, Chrysoula N Pantzartzi, Elena Drosopoulou, Zacharias G Scouras
A very significant part of the world's freshwater ichthyofauna is represented by ancient, exceptionally diverse and cosmopolitan ray-finned teleosts of the order Siluriformes. Over the years, catfish have been established as an exemplary model for probing historical biogeography at various scales. Yet, several tantalizing gaps still exist in their phylogenetic history, timeline and mode of diversification. Here, we re-examine the phylogeny of catfish by assembling and analyzing almost all publicly available mitogenome data...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907105/epidemiology-of-brucellosis-and-genetic-diversity-of-brucella-abortus-in-kazakhstan
#10
Elena Shevtsova, Alexandr Shevtsov, Kasim Mukanov, Maxim Filipenko, Dinara Kamalova, Igor Sytnik, Marat Syzdykov, Andrey Kuznetsov, Assel Akhmetova, Mira Zharova, Talgat Karibaev, Pavel Tarlykov, Erlan Ramanculov
Brucellosis is a major zoonotic infection in Kazakhstan. However, there is limited data on its incidence in humans and animals, and the genetic diversity of prevalent strains is virtually unstudied. Additionally, there is no detailed overview of Kazakhstan brucellosis control and eradication programs. Here, we analyzed brucellosis epidemiological data, and assessed the effectiveness of eradication strategies employed over the past 70 years to counteract this infection. We also conducted multiple loci variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) of Brucella abortus strains found in Kazakhstan...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905329/recombinant-interferon-alpha-2b-for-ocular-surface-squamous-neoplasia-an-efficient-and-cost-effective-treatment-modality-in-asian-indian-patients
#11
Swathi Kaliki, Swati Singh, Sadiya Iram, Dharani Tripuraneni
PURPOSE: The purpose was to study the efficacy of interferon alpha 2b (INF α2b) in the treatment of ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) and analyze its cost-effectiveness in India. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective study of thirty patients with OSSN treated with topical INF α2b (1 MIU/cc) ± perilesional INF α2b (5 MIU/cc). RESULTS: The tumor involved cornea (n = 9, 30%), conjunctivo-limbal-corneal surface (n = 19, 63%), or bulbar conjunctiva (n = 2, 7%)...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899373/influence-of-geolocation-and-ethnicity-on-the-phenotypic-expression-of-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-at-diagnosis-in-8310-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-big-data-sj%C3%A3-gren-project-consortium
#12
Pilar Brito-Zerón, Nihan Acar-Denizli, Margit Zeher, Astrid Rasmussen, Raphaele Seror, Elke Theander, Xiaomei Li, Chiara Baldini, Jacques-Eric Gottenberg, Debashish Danda, Luca Quartuccio, Roberta Priori, Gabriela Hernandez-Molina, Aike A Kruize, Valeria Valim, Marika Kvarnstrom, Damien Sene, Roberto Gerli, Sonja Praprotnik, David Isenberg, Roser Solans, Maureen Rischmueller, Seung-Ki Kwok, Gunnel Nordmark, Yasunori Suzuki, Roberto Giacomelli, Valerie Devauchelle-Pensec, Michele Bombardieri, Benedikt Hofauer, Hendrika Bootsma, Johan G Brun, Guadalupe Fraile, Steven E Carsons, Tamer A Gheita, Jacques Morel, Cristina Vollenveider, Fabiola Atzeni, Soledad Retamozo, Ildiko Fanny Horvath, Kathy Sivils, Thomas Mandl, Pulukool Sandhya, Salvatore De Vita, Jorge Sanchez-Guerrero, Eefje van der Heijden, Virginia Fernandes Moça Trevisani, Marie Wahren-Herlenius, Xavier Mariette, Manuel Ramos-Casals
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the influence of geolocation and ethnicity on the clinical presentation of primary Sjögren's syndrome (SjS) at diagnosis. METHODS: The Big Data Sjögren Project Consortium is an international, multicentre registry designed in 2014. By January 2016, 20 centres from five continents were participating. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: We included 7748 women (93%) and 562 men (7%), with a mean age at diagnosis of primary SjS of 53 years...
November 29, 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893593/trends-in-selected-measures-of-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-gonorrhea-and-syphilis-in-the-united-states-1981-2013
#13
Harrell W Chesson, Chirag G Patel, Thomas L Gift, Sevgi O Aral
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine selected measures of racial and ethnic disparities in the reported incidence of syphilis and gonorrhea from 1981 to 2013 in the United States. METHODS: For each year, from 1981 to 2013, we calculated values for 5 disparity measures (Gini coefficient, 2 versions of the index of disparity, population attributable proportion, and the black-to-white rate ratio) for 5 racial/ethnic categories (non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Asian/Pacific Islander)...
November 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892846/a-global-overview-of-male-escort-websites
#14
Navin Kumar, Victor Minichiello, John Scott, Taylor Harrington
This paper details a preliminary dataset of global male escort sites in order to give insight into the scale of the online market. We conducted a content analysis of 499 websites and also measured traffic to these sites. Our analysis examined the structural characteristics of escort services, geographical and regulatory contexts along with resilience of such services. Results suggest that most sites are independent and not affiliated to escort agencies, and the majority cater to male escorts soliciting male clients, with a number of sites for female clientele and couples...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890363/comparative-genome-analysis-between-southeast-asian-and-south-american-zika-viruses
#15
Theerarat Kochakarn, Namfon Kotanan, Krittikorn Kümpornsin, Duangkamon Loesbanluechai, Monta Thammasatta, Prasert Auewarakul, Prapon Wilairat, Thanat Chookajorn
OBJECTIVE: To understand the cause for the differences between potentially mild Southeast Asian and the more pathogenic ZIKV in South America. METHODS: A comparative genomic analysis was performed to determine putative causations stemming from ZIKV. RESULTS: Phylogenetic analyses integrating geographical and time factors revealed that Southeast Asian ZIKV might not be the direct source of South American outbreaks as previously speculated. Amino acid residues unique to South American ZIKV isolates at the envelope, pr and NS1 proteins are listed and shown in the structural context...
November 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890344/community-level-moderators-of-a-school-based-childhood-sexual-assault-prevention-program
#16
Matthew C Morris, Chrystyna D Kouros, Kim Janecek, Rachel Freeman, Alyssa Mielock, Judy Garber
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is highly prevalent and associated with a wide variety of negative mental and physical health outcomes. School-based CSA education and prevention programs have shown promise, but it is unclear to what extent community-level characteristics are related to their effectiveness. The present cluster randomized controlled trial evaluated community-level moderators of the Safe@Lastprogramcomparedtoawaitlistcontrolcondition.(*) Knowledge gains from pre- to post-intervention were assessed in 5 domains: safe versus unsafe people; safe choices; problem-solving; clear disclosure; and assertiveness...
November 24, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889576/incidence-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-all-50-united-states-from-2000-through-2012
#17
Donna L White, Aaron P Thrift, Fasiha Kanwal, Jessica Davila, Hashem B El-Serag
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The incidence and mortality of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have been reported to be plateauing in the United States (US). The US has large racial, ethnic, and regional variation; we collected data from all 50 states to better analyze changes in incidence of HCC in the entire US. METHODS: We collected data from the US Cancer Statistics registry, which covers 97% of the population, and calculated adjusted incidence rates. We assessed annual trends among socio-demographic and geographic sub-groups using joinpoint analysis...
November 23, 2016: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888378/interactive-effect-of-immigration-related-factors-with-legal-and-discrimination-acculturative-stress-in-predicting-depression-among-asian-american-immigrants
#18
Shipra Singh, Amy Jo Schulz, Harold W Neighbors, Derek M Griffith
This study examined the impact of discrimination and legal acculturative stress on Major Depression Episode lifetime among Asian American immigrants. It further examined the role of immigration related-factors (age at immigration, reason for immigration, and years spent in the U.S.) on the relationship of acculturative stress and Major Depression Episode lifetime. The National Latino and Asian American Study 2002-2003 dataset was used. The study findings were: (1) high discrimination and legal acculturative stress were associated with Major Depression Episode lifetime; (2) age at immigration buffered the relationship of discrimination acculturative stress and Major Depression Episode lifetime as well as the relationship of legal acculturative stress and Major Depression Episode lifetime; and (3) years spent in the U...
November 25, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887992/does-elevated-progesterone-on-day-of-oocyte-maturation-play-a-role-in-the-racial-disparities-in-ivf-outcomes
#19
Micah J Hill, G Donald Royster, Mansi Taneja, Mae Wu Healy, Shvetha M Zarek, Alicia Y Christy, Alan H DeCherney, Eric Widra, Kate Devine
The aim of this study was to evaluate if premature progesterone elevation on the last day of assisted reproduction technique stimulation contributes to racial disparities. A total of 3289 assisted reproduction technique cycles were evaluated in Latino, Asian, African American, and white women. Live birth was more likely in white women (42.6%) compared with Asian (34.8%) and African American women (36.3%), but was similar to Latino women (40.7%). In all racial groups, progesterone was negatively associated with live birth and the negative effect of progesterone persisted when adjusting for confounders...
November 16, 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885772/clinical-practice-patterns-on-the-use-of-magnesium-sulphate-for-treatment-of-pre-eclampsia-and-eclampsia-a-multi-country-survey
#20
Q Long, O T Oladapo, S Leathersich, J P Vogel, G Carroli, P Lumbiganon, Z Qureshi, A M Gülmezoglu
OBJECTIVE: To characterise the current clinical practice patterns regarding the use of magnesium sulphate (MgSO4 ) for eclampsia prevention and treatment in a multi-country network of health facilities and compare with international recommendations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: A total of 147 health facilities in 15 countries across Africa, Latin America and Asia. POPULATION: Heads of obstetric departments or maternity units...
November 24, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
keyword
keyword
26872
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"