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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785741/intergroup-contact-attitudes-across-peer-networks-in-school-selection-influence-and-implications-for-cross-group-friendships
#1
Deborah Rivas-Drake, Muniba Saleem, David R Schaefer, Michael Medina, Robert Jagers
This study offers new insights into the power of peer networks for shaping intergroup relations in a diverse school. Data were drawn from a longitudinal study of sixth-eighth graders (N = 524; MageT1  = 11.87; 48% girls; 9% Asian American/Pacific Islander, 28% African American, 13% Latino, 1% Native American, 31% White, 5% Other, and 11% Multiracial) in the Midwestern United States. Students with more positive intergroup contact attitudes (ICA) were most likely to be friends with similarly minded students...
May 22, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783992/a-review-of-the-risk-factors-genetics-and-treatment-of-endometriosis-in-chinese-women-a-comparative-update
#2
REVIEW
Yi Dai, Xiaoyan Li, Jinghua Shi, Jinhua Leng
Endometriosis is one of the major causes of economic burden and compromised quality of life in a very large percentage of Asian women. While it is perceived as a benign condition, recent research has shown that it may be a significant cause of infertility and metastatic cancer. It has also been associated with other diseases linked to the functioning of the immune system. Genetic as well as environmental factors are known to affect the manifestation and progression of endometriosis. This review aims to summarize recent research pertaining to the risk factors, diagnosis and treatment of endometriosis in Chinese women...
May 21, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781946/co-occurrence-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-cardiovascular-disease-among-ethnic-racial-groups-in-the-united-states
#3
Carmen Vidal, Ruth Polo, Kiara Alvarez, Irene Falgas-Bague, Ye Wang, Benjamin Lê Cook, Margarita Alegría
OBJECTIVE: Trauma and/or symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been linked to the onset of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but the exact mechanism has not been determined. We examine if the risk of CVD is different among those who have a history of trauma without PTSD symptoms, those who have experienced trauma and developed any symptoms of PTSD, and those with a PTSD diagnosis. Furthermore, we examine whether this association varies across ethnic/racial groups. METHODS: We used two datasets that form part of the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES) - the National Latino and Asian American Study (NLAAS) and the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R)...
May 17, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781633/from-self-construal-to-threat-appraisal-understanding-cultural-differences-in-social-anxiety-between-asian-americans-and-european-americans
#4
Alexander Krieg, Yiyuan Xu
OBJECTIVE: Abundant research has shown that Asian Americans tend to score higher on standardized social anxiety measures than do European Americans. The current study explored how this cultural difference in social anxiety may be explained by cultural differences in self-construals and threat appraisal between Asian Americans and European Americans. METHOD: Participants were 310 Asian Americans and 249 European Americans recruited from a large university in Hawaii who completed questionnaires online in exchange for course credit...
May 21, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781632/ethnicity-moderates-the-benefits-of-perceived-support-and-emotional-expressivity-on-stress-reactivity-for-asian-americans-and-euro-americans
#5
Shu-Wen Wang, Anna S Lau
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether ethnicity moderated the benefits of perceived support and emotion expressivity on stress responses (cortisol, negative mood, task performance) during a lab stress task for Asian Americans and Euro Americans. We hypothesized that perceived support and emotion expressivity would be less beneficial for Asian Americans (relative to Euro Americans), for whom support seeking and emotional expressivity are less aligned with cultural values. METHOD: A majority female sample (72%) of 83 Asian American (first generation, n = 30; second generation, n = 53) and 50 Euro American college students completed the Trier Social Stress Test...
May 21, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781465/hpv-literacy-the-role-of-english-proficiency-in-korean-american-immigrant-women
#6
Hee Yun Lee, Y Joon Choi, Young Ji Yoon, Jennifer Oh
BACKGROUND: Although Korean American women have one of the highest cervical cancer incidence and mortality rates among all Asian American and non-Hispanic White women, they are less likely to receive the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine to prevent cervical cancer. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine Korean American women's HPV literacy and factors related to HPV literacy to identify targeted intervention strategies. METHODS: A quota sampling strategy was used to recruit 243 Korean American women aged 19-85 years in the Atlanta, Georgia, metropolitan area...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778315/the-risk-of-hemorrhagic-transformation-after-thrombolysis-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-in-chinese-versus-north-americans-a-comparative-study
#7
Xiaomeng Xu, Deren Wang, Fang Wang, Casey Norton, Xinfeng Liu, Magdy Selim
BACKGROUND: There is a widespread belief that Asians are more susceptible to hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after receiving recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) for acute ischemic stroke (AIS). However, this has not been examined in clinical practice. This study aims to compare the incidence of symptomatic hemorrhagic transformation (SHT) among thrombolysis-treated AIS patients in China and in the United States. METHODS: We compared 212 consecutive patients receiving thrombolysis within 4...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776720/phylogenetic-analyses-of-bradyrhizobium-symbionts-associated-with-invasive-crotalaria-zanzibarica-and-its-coexisting-legumes-in-taiwan
#8
Cheng-Tai Huang, Kuan-Ting Hish, Chun-Neng Wang, Chi-Te Liu, Wen-Yuan Kao
In this study, the genetic diversity and identification of Bradyrhizobium symbionts of Crotalaria zanzibarica, the most widely-distributed invasive legume in Taiwan, and other sympatric legume species growing along riverbanks of Taiwan were evaluated for the first time. In total, 59 and 54 Bradyrhizobium isolates were obtained from C. zanzibarica and its coexisting legume species, respectively. Based on the multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) of concatenated four housekeeping genes (dnaK-glnII-recA-rpoB gene sequences, 1901bp), the 113 isolates displayed 53 unique haplotypes and grouped into 21 clades...
May 7, 2018: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775433/asian-american-mothers-demographic-characteristics-by-maternal-place-of-birth-and-asian-subgroup-2016
#9
Anne K Driscoll
This report describes women of Asian descent who gave birth in the United States in 2016. The 2016 vital statistics natality file was used to compare demographic characteristics of non-Hispanic Asian mothers across six Asian subgroups-Asian Indian, Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese-both overall and by whether they were U.S.-born or born outside the United States. In addition, non-Hispanic Asian mothers were compared with the overall U.S. population of mothers. Overall, 6.4% of U.S. births in 2016 were to non-Hispanic Asian women...
April 2018: National Vital Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773520/frequency-of-gjb2-mutations-in-patients-with-nonsyndromic-hearing-loss-from-an-ethnically-characterized-brazilian-population
#10
Felippe Felix, Marcia Gonçalves Ribeiro, Shiro Tomita, Mariano Gustavo Zalis
INTRODUCTION: In different parts of the world, mutations in the GJB2 gene are associated with nonsyndromic hearing loss, and the homozygous 35delG mutation (p.Gly12Valfs*2) is a major cause of hereditary hearing loss. However, the 35delG mutation is not equally prevalent across ethnicities, making it important to study other mutations, especially in multiethnic countries such as Brazil. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify different mutations in the GJB2 gene in patients with severe to profound nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing loss of putative genetic origin, and who were negative or heterozygote for the 35delG mutation...
November 21, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771399/trends-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-under-the-patient-protection-and-affordable-care-act-a-national-database-analysis-between-2008-and-2015
#11
Jennifer I Etcheson, Nicole E George, Chukwuweike U Gwam, James Nace, Alexander T Caughran, Melbin Thomas, Sana Virani, Ronald E Delanois
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act expanded health coverage for low-earning individuals and families. With more Americans having access to care, the use of elective procedures, such as total hip arthroplasty (THA), was expected to increase. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate trends in THA before and after the initiation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act regarding race, age, body mass index, and sex between 2008 and 2015. The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was queried for all individuals who had undergone primary THA between 2008 and 2015...
May 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770947/when-marijuana-is-used-before-cigarettes-or-alcohol-demographic-predictors-and-associations-with-heavy-use-cannabis-use-disorder-and-other-drug-related-outcomes
#12
Brian J Fairman, C Debra Furr-Holden, Renee M Johnson
Recent loosening of state and federal policy restrictions on marijuana, along with changes in social norms regarding marijuana use and decreases in prevalence of other types of substance use, may lead to increases in youth initiating marijuana before other types of substances such as alcohol and tobacco. We investigated predictors and potential consequences of initiating marijuana before other drugs for youth aged 12-21-years in the USA. Nationally representative, cross-sectional survey data from the US National Survey on Drug Use and Health supplied self-reported age of first marijuana, cigarettes, alcohol, other tobacco, and other illegal drug use among 12-21-year-old samples from 2004 to 2014 (n = 275,559)...
May 17, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769083/racial-ethnic-disparities-among-asian-americans-in-inpatient-acute-myocardial-infarction-mortality-in-the-united-states
#13
Eun Ji Kim, Nancy R Kressin, Michael K Paasche-Orlow, Lenny Lopez, Jennifer E Rosen, Mengyun Lin, Amresh D Hanchate
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a common high-risk disease with inpatient mortality of 5% nationally. But little is known about this outcome among Asian Americans (Asians), a fast growing racial/ethnic minority in the country. The objectives of the study are to obtain near-national estimates of differences in AMI inpatient mortality between minorities (including Asians) and non-Hispanic Whites and identify comorbidities and sociodemographic characteristics associated with these differences...
May 16, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767756/influenza-vaccination-coverage-among-us-children-from-2004-2005-to-2015-2016
#14
Changwei Tian, Hua Wang, Wenming Wang, Xiaoming Luo
Background: Quantify the influenza vaccine coverage is essential to identify emerging concerns and to immunization programs for targeting interventions. Methods: Data from National Health Interview Survey were used to estimate receipt of at least one dose of influenza vaccination among children 6 months to 17 years of age. Results: Influenza vaccination coverage increased from 16.70% during 2004/2005 to 49.43% during 2015/2016 (3.18% per year, P < 0...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764334/obesity-physical-activity-and-dietary-behaviors-in-an-ethnically-diverse-sample-of-cancer-survivors-with-early-onset-disease
#15
Beth A Glenn, Ann S Hamilton, Narissa J Nonzee, Annette E Maxwell, Catherine M Crespi, A Blythe Ryerson, L Cindy Chang, Dennis Deapen, Roshan Bastani
PURPOSE: To assess weight status, physical activity, and dietary behaviors in an ethnically-diverse sample of breast and colorectal cancer survivors with early onset disease (≤ 50 years). METHODS: Breast and colorectal cancer survivors, diagnosed between 1999 and 2009 with early-stage cancer diagnosed by 50 years of age, were identified through a population-based cancer registry and surveyed. Descriptive and regression analyses were conducted to characterize the sample and identify correlates of lifestyle behaviors...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763847/race-ethnicity-psychological-resilience-and-social-support-among-oef-oif-combat-veterans
#16
Matthew S Herbert, Desmond W Leung, James O E Pittman, Elizabeth Floto, Niloofar Afari
This study examined the relationship between race/ethnicity and psychological resilience, and the moderating role of social support in this relationship among non-Hispanic White (n = 605), Hispanic (n = 107), African American (n = 141), and Asian American (n = 97) Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) combat veterans. Veterans were primarily male (88%) with a mean age of 31.4 years (SD = 8.35). An analysis of covariance showed that Asian American veterans reported significantly lower psychological resilience than non-Hispanic White veterans...
May 6, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759088/maternal-educational-attainment-and-sex-ratio-at-birth-by-race-in-the-united-states-2007-2015
#17
Victor Grech
SummaryMany factors influence the male:female birth ratio (number of male births divided by total births, M/T). Studies have suggested that this ratio may be positively correlated with the education levels of mothers. This study assessed the effect of maternal education on M/T in the US population overall and by racial group. Number of live births by sex of the child, maternal educational level reached and race were obtained from the Centres for Disease Control (CDC Wonder) for the period 2007-2015. The total study sample comprised 28,268,183 live births...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757070/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-diabetes-diagnosis-and-glycemic-control-among-women-of-reproductive-age
#18
Laura E Britton, Jon M Hussey, Jamie L Crandell, Diane C Berry, Jada L Brooks, Amy G Bryant
BACKGROUND: Types 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus complicate pregnancies and threaten the health of women of reproductive age and their children. Among older adults, diabetes morbidity disproportionately burdens racial/ethnic minorities, but diabetes emergence among younger adults has not been as well characterized. The objective of this study was to describe the distribution of diagnosed diabetes, undiagnosed diabetes, suboptimal preconception glycemic control, and prediabetes among women of reproductive age across racial/ethnic backgrounds...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756669/a-cross-cultural-investigation-of-children-s-implicit-attitudes-toward-white-and-black-racial-outgroups
#19
Jennifer R Steele, Meghan George, Amanda Williams, Elaine Tay
Initial theory and research examining children's implicit racial attitudes suggest that an implicit preference favoring socially advantaged groups emerges early in childhood and remains stable across development (Dunham, Baron, & Banaji, 2008). In two studies, we examined the ubiquity of this theory by measuring non-Black minority and non-White majority children's implicit racial attitudes toward White and Black racial outgroups in two distinct cultural contexts. In Study 1, non-Black minority children in an urban North American community with a large Black population showed an implicit pro-White (versus Black) bias in early childhood...
May 14, 2018: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755899/correlations-between-health-insurance-status-and-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-elderly-asian-american-population
#20
Iris Cheng, Wesley E Ho, Benjamin K Woo, John T Tsiang
Background  Asian Americans are often seen as a model minority; however, the group faces significant cultural, language, and financial barriers to adequate health care access. Assessing health insurance's impact on cardiovascular disease risk factors among older Asian Americans may provide support for further research and intervention development focused on improving insurance enrollment. The authors sought to examine the associations between elevated blood pressure and body mass index and insurance coverage...
March 10, 2018: Curēus
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