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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222127/unusual-pattern-of-chikungunya-virus-epidemic-in-the-americas-the-panamanian-experience
#1
Jean-Paul Carrera, Yamilka Díaz, Bernardino Denis, Itza Barahona de Mosca, Dennys Rodriguez, Israel Cedeño, Dimelza Arauz, Publio González, Lizbeth Cerezo, Lourdes Moreno, Lourdes García, Lisseth E Sáenz, María Aneth Atencio, Eddy Rojas-Fermin, Fernando Vizcaino, Nicolas Perez, Brechla Moreno, Sandra López-Vergès, Anayansi Valderrama, Blas Armién
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) typically causes explosive epidemics of fever, rash and polyarthralgia after its introduction into naïve populations. Since its introduction in Panama in May of 2014, few autochthonous cases have been reported; most of them were found within limited outbreaks in Panama City in 2014 and Puerto Obaldia town, near the Caribbean border with Colombia in 2015. In order to confirm that Panama had few CHIKV cases compared with neighboring countries, we perform an epidemiological analysis of chikungunya cases reported from May 2014 to July 2015...
February 21, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221128/epidemiology-of-nontuberculous-mycobacterial-lung-disease-and-tuberculosis-hawaii-usa
#2
Jennifer Adjemian, Timothy B Frankland, Yihe G Daida, Jennifer R Honda, Kenneth N Olivier, Adrian Zelazny, Stacey Honda, D Rebecca Prevots
Previous studies found Hawaiians and Asian-Americans/Pacific Islanders to be independently at increased risk for nontuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease (NTMPD) and tuberculosis (TB). To better understand NTM infection and TB risk patterns in Hawaii, USA, we evaluated data on a cohort of patients in Hawaii for 2005-2013. Period prevalence of NTMPD was highest among Japanese, Chinese, and Vietnamese patients (>300/100,000 persons) and lowest among Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders (50/100,000)...
March 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220786/intrauterine-zika-virus-infection-of-pregnant-immunocompetent-mice-models-transplacental-transmission-and-adverse-perinatal-outcomes
#3
Meghan S Vermillion, Jun Lei, Yahya Shabi, Victoria K Baxter, Nathan P Crilly, Michael McLane, Diane E Griffin, Andrew Pekosz, Sabra L Klein, Irina Burd
Zika virus (ZIKV) crosses the placenta and causes congenital disease. Here we develop an animal model utilizing direct ZIKV inoculation into the uterine wall of pregnant, immunocompetent mice to evaluate transplacental transmission. Intrauterine inoculation at embryonic day (E) 10, but not E14, with African, Asian or American strains of ZIKV reduces fetal viability and increases infection of placental and fetal tissues. ZIKV inoculation at E10 causes placental inflammation, placental dysfunction and reduces neonatal brain cortical thickness, which is associated with increased activation of microglia...
February 21, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219784/social-and-clinically-relevant-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-asian-americans-adults-nhanes-2011-2014
#4
Sandra E Echeverria, Mehnaz Mustafa, Sir Ram Pentakota, Soyeon Kim, Katherine Hastings, Chioma Amadi, Latha Palaniappan
Little evidence exists examining cardiovascular risk factors among Asian Americans and how social determinants such as nativity status and education pattern risk in the United States (U.S.) context. We used the 2011-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which purposely oversampled Asian Americans from 2011 to 2014, and examined prevalence of Type II diabetes, smoking and obesity for Asian Americans (n=1363) and non-Latino Whites (n=4121). We classified Asian Americans as U.S. or foreign-born and by years in the U...
February 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219690/factors-associated-with-shorter-colonoscopy-surveillance-intervals-for-patients-with-low-risk-colorectal-adenomas-and-effects-on-outcome
#5
Joseph C Anderson, John A Baron, Dennis J Ahnen, Elizabeth L Barry, Roberd M Bostick, Carol A Burke, Robert S Bresalier, Timothy R Church, Bernard F Cole, Marcia Cruz-Correa, Adam S Kim, Leila A Mott, Robert S Sandler, Douglas J Robertson
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Endoscopists do not routinely follow guidelines to survey individuals with low-risk adenomas (LRAs, 1-2 small tubular adenomas, less than 1 cm) every 5-10 years for colorectal cancer (CRC)-many endoscopists recommend shorter surveillance intervals for these individuals. We aimed to identify reasons that endoscopists recommend shorter surveillance intervals for some individuals with LRAs and determine whether timing affects outcomes at follow-up examinations. METHODS: We collected data from 1560 individuals (45-75 years old) who participated in a prospective chemoprevention trial (of vitamin D and calcium) from 2004 through 2008...
February 17, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219043/epilepsy-by-the-numbers-epilepsy-deaths-by-age-race-ethnicity-and-gender-in-the-united-states-significantly-increased-from-2005-to-2014
#6
Sujay F Greenlund, Janet B Croft, Rosemarie Kobau
To inform public health efforts to prevent epilepsy-related deaths, we used the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research (WONDER; Wonder.cdc.gov) to examine any-listed epilepsy deaths for the period 2005-2014 by age groups (≤24, 25-44, 45-64, 65-84, ≥85years), sex, and race/ethnicity (non-Hispanic White, non-Hispanic African American, Hispanic, Asian/Pacific Islander, or American Indian/Alaska Native). Epilepsy deaths were defined by the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes G40...
February 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218396/morphological-variation-among-late-holocene-mexicans-implications-for-discussions-about-the-human-occupation-of-the-americas
#7
Brianne Herrera, Daniel Peart, Nicole Hernandez, Kate Spradley, Mark Hubbe
OBJECTIVES: Cranial morphology has previously been used to estimate phylogenetic relationships among populations, and has been an important tool in the reconstruction of ancient human dispersals across the planet. In the Americas, previous morphological studies support a scenario of people entering the Americas and dispersing from North America into South America through Meso America, making the Mexican territory the natural funnel through which biological diversity entered South America...
February 20, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217523/safe-and-pragmatic-use-of-sodium-glucose-co-transporter-2-inhibitors-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-south-asian-federation-of-endocrine-societies-consensus-statement
#8
REVIEW
Sanjay Kalra, Sujoy Ghosh, A H Aamir, Md Tofail Ahmed, Mohammod Feroz Amin, Sarita Bajaj, Manash P Baruah, Uditha Bulugahapitiya, A K Das, Mimi Giri, Sonali Gunatilake, Saeed A Mahar, Md Faruque Pathan, Nazmul Kabir Qureshi, S Abbas Raza, Rakesh Sahay, Santosh Shakya, Dina Shreshta, Noel Somasundaram, Manilka Sumanatilleke, A G Unnikrishnan, Achini Madushani Wijesinghe
Diabetes prevalence shows a continuous increasing trend in South Asia. Although well-established treatment modalities exist for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) management, they are limited by their side effect profile. Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) with their novel insulin-independent renal action provide improved glycemic control, supplemented by reduction in weight and blood pressure, and cardiovascular safety. Based on the clinical outcomes with SGLT2i in patients with T2DM, treatment strategies that make a "good clinical sense" are desirable...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215050/racial-disparities-in-preventable-risk-factors-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#9
Sunshine Dwojak, Neil Bhattacharyya
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To demonstrate racial differences in preventable risk behaviors/practices that contribute to head and neck cancer (HNCA). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of large national risk factor survey. METHODS: The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System for 2013 was analyzed. Demographic data were extracted, including age, sex, and race. Social habits considered risk factors for HNCA were also extracted, including alcohol consumption, smoking, and human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination status...
February 19, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208188/incidence-of-and-risk-factors-for-developing-idiopathic-macular-hole-among-a-diverse-group-of-patients-throughout-the-united-states
#10
Ferhina S Ali, Joshua D Stein, Taylor S Blachley, Sarah Ackley, Jay M Stewart
Importance: Idiopathic macular holes (MHs) are a cause of decreased vision among older Americans. A better understanding of risk factors for MH may help clarify the pathophysiologic factors of MH and identify potential new avenues for preventing and treating idiopathic MHs. Objective: To determine the incidence of and risk factors associated with the development of idiopathic MH requiring surgical repair with vitrectomy among a large group of managed care plan beneficiaries throughout the United States...
February 16, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207685/trends-in-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-27-states-2004-2008-and-2012
#11
Jean Y Ko, Karilynn M Rockhill, Van T Tong, Brian Morrow, Sherry L Farr
Postpartum depression is common and associated with adverse infant and maternal outcomes (e.g., lower breastfeeding initiation and duration and poor maternal and infant bonding) (1-3). A developmental Healthy People 2020 objective is to decrease the proportion of women delivering a live birth who experience postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS).* To provide a baseline for this objective, CDC sought to describe self-reported PDS overall, by reporting state, and by selected sociodemographic factors, using 2004, 2008, and 2012 data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)...
February 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207676/segmented-assimilation-an-approach-to-studying-acculturation-and-obesity-among-latino-adults-in-the-united-states
#12
Karen R Flórez, Ana Abraído-Lanza
Segmented assimilation theory posits that immigrants experience distinct paths of assimilation. Using cluster analysis and data from the National Latino and Asian American Survey, this study sought to apply this theory in relation to obesity among Latinos. Four clusters emerged: a "second-generation classic," a "third-generation classic," an "underclass," and a "segmented assimilation" pattern. In analyses controlling for sociodemographic confounders (eg, age), second-generation classic individuals had higher odds of obesity (odds ratio = 2...
April 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205236/trends-in-us-minority-red-blood-cell-unit-donations
#13
Mark H Yazer, Meghan Delaney, Marc Germain, Matthew S Karafin, Merlyn Sayers, Ralph Vassallo, Alyssa Ziman, Beth Shaz
BACKGROUND: To provide the appropriately diverse blood supply necessary to support alloimmunized and chronically transfused patients, minority donation recruitment programs have been implemented. This study investigated temporal changes in minority red blood cell (RBC) donation patterns in the United States. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Data on donor race and ethnicity from 2006 through 2015, including the number of unique donors, collections, RBCs successfully donated, and average annual number of RBC donations per donor (donor fraction), were collected from eight US blood collectors...
February 16, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194592/the-yield-of-staging-laparoscopy-in-gastric-cancer-is-affected-by-racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-disease-presentation
#14
Ibrahim Nassour, Hannah Fullington, Linda S Hynan, Adam C Yopp, Mathew M Augustine, Patricio M Polanco, Michael A Choti, John C Mansour, Sam C Wang, Matthew R Porembka
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is a heterogeneous disease with variable presentation between racial and ethnic groups. Staging laparoscopy (SL) detects occult metastases not visible on cross-sectional imaging and therefore improves staging. It remains unclear how differences in race and ethnicity affect disease presentation and the yield of SL. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database to identify patients with gastric cancer treated with curative intent at our institutions from 2008 to 2015...
February 13, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193996/a-case-report-of-primary-nasal-natural-killer-nk-t-cell-lymphoma-in-an-african-american-patient-presenting-with-hemophagocytic-syndrome
#15
Bowei Tan, Cherif Abdelmalek, James E O'Donnell, Thomas Toltaku, Rashid Chaudhry, Jen C Wang, Vladimir Gotlieb
BACKGROUND Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTCL) is generally an aggressive and rare non-Hodgkin lymphoma. It is most common in East Asians, Native Americans, and South Americans, but is rarely reported in blacks. CASE REPORT A 55-year-old African American male born in Grenada presented with a left nostril mass with facial swelling and biopsy subsequently confirmed a diagnosis of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTCL). Immunochemistry was positive for CD2, cytoplasmic CD3, CD7, CD 43, CD 56, granzyme B, and TIA-1...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193144/immediate-costs-of-mini-open-versus-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair-in-an-asian-population
#16
Yik Jing Hui, Alex Quok An Teo, Siddharth Sharma, Bryan Hsi Ming Tan, V Prem Kumar
OBJECTIVE: While there has been increasing interest in minimally invasive surgery, the expenses incurred by patients undergoing this form of surgery have not been comprehensively studied. The authors compared the costs borne by patients undergoing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair with the standard mini-open repair at a tertiary hospital in an Asian population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study. The authors studied the inpatient hospital bills of patients following rotator cuff tear repair between January 2010 and October 2014 via the hospital electronic medical records system...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190569/analyzing-on-the-location-of-the-bicipital-groove-for-alignment-in-shoulder-arthroplasty-of-chinese
#17
Jian Zhou, Linlin Zhang, Ling Shen, Ming Zhu, Feng Zheng
BACKGROUND: Many anthropometric studies of the normal glenohumeral relationship have been performed for the implant design and to identify reference points for the correct placement of the prosthesis in glenohumeral joint replacement. However, whether those implantation marks, which adopted from European or American, can achieve the same precision to Eastern Asian, specifically Chinese is still unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred eighty healthy were scanned using CT...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185723/hiv-testing-preferences-among-msm-members-of-an-lgbt-community-organization-in-los-angeles
#18
Alexandra Medline, Joseph Daniels, Robert Marlin, Sean Young, Greg Wilson, Emily Huang, Jeffrey D Klausner
Lack of regular HIV testing puts African American, Asian, and Latino men who have sex with men (MSM) at high risk for HIV infection. Rapid self-testing may be an effective option for these men. We explored acceptability, preferences, and usability of HIV self-test kits with MSM of color using semi-structured focus groups to discuss HIV testing history, reasons for testing, and self-testing preferences. Participants (n = 21) lived in Los Angeles, identified as MSM of color, and were 18-35 years of age. Discussions were audio-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using grounded theory...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185105/evaluation-of-the-framingham-heart-study-risk-factors-and-risk-score-for-incident-chronic-kidney-disease-at-10%C3%A2-years-in-a-thai-general-population
#19
Krittika Saranburut, Prin Vathesatogkit, Anchalee Chittamma, Somlak Vanavanan, Nisakron Thongmung, Tuangrat Tangstheanphan, Piyamitr Sritara, Chagriya Kitiyakara
PURPOSE: Asians have some of the highest rates of end-stage renal disease, but there is limited information on the risk factors for chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the Asian general population. A risk score for incident CKD for the general population has been developed from the US Framingham Heart Study (FHS) Offspring cohort. This score has been validated on Caucasians and African-Americans, but has not been tested on Asians. We aimed to assess the importance of the FHS risk factors and the performance of the FHS risk score in predicting incident CKD at 10 years in a Thai community-based population...
February 9, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182491/thwarted-belongingness-perceived-burdensomeness-and-depression-among-asian-americans-a-longitudinal-study-of-interpersonal-shame-as-a-mediator-and-perfectionistic-family-discrepancy-as-a-moderator
#20
Stephanie G Carrera, Meifen Wei
This short-term longitudinal study applied Joiner's (2005) Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide to Asian Americans' experiences with depression. Interpersonal shame (i.e., the experience of inadequacy arising from interpersonal concerns) was hypothesized to mediate the effects of (a) thwarted belongingness and (b) perceived burdensomeness on future depression. Furthermore, the positive associations between (a) thwarted belongingness and (b) perceived burdensomeness on future depression were hypothesized to vary depending on students' experiences with perfectionistic family discrepancy (PFD; their perceived gap between their actual performance and what their parents expect of them)...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
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