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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142449/single-blastocyst-transfer-the-key-to-reduce-multiple-pregnancy-rates-without-compromising-the-live-birth-rate
#1
Uma M Sundhararaj, Monali V Madne, Reeta Biliangady, Sumana Gurunath, Ambika G Swamy, Indu S T Gopal
Background: Historically, to achieve higher pregnancy rates, multiple embryos were transferred after an in-vitro fertilisation (IVF). However, this practice is being reassessed, because it leads to multiple pregnancies that is known to cause adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. Aim: To compare the pregnancy outcomes in fresh IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles among women undergoing elective single blastocyst transfer (eSBT) vs. those undergoing double blastocyst transfer (DBT)...
July 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136879/development-and-evaluation-of-a-new-diffusive-gradients-in-thin-films-technique-for-measuring-organotin-compounds-in-coastal-sediment-pore-water
#2
Russell F Cole, Graham A Mills, Michelle S Hale, Ruth Parker, Thi Bolam, Peter R Teasdale, William W Bennett, Gary R Fones
Organotins present a toxicological risk to biota in the aquatic environment. Understanding the behaviour of these compounds in sediment is challenging, with sophisticated analytical techniques required for their measurement. We investigated the use of silica-bound sorbents for diffusive gradients in thin-films (DGT) adsorption gels to pre-concentrate five organotins (monobutlytin (MBT), dibutyltin (DBT), tributyltin (TBT), diphenyltin (DPhT), triphenyltin (TPhT)) found frequently in coastal sediment. C8 sorbent showed optimum performance in uptake and recovery of organotins for pH and ionic strength ranges typical of coastal waters...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132564/tomosynthesis-in-breast-cancer-imaging-how-does-it-fit-into-preoperative-evaluation-and-surveillance
#3
REVIEW
Mohammad Eghtedari, Catherine Tsai, Julie Robles, Sarah L Blair, Haydee Ojeda-Fournier
An important limitation of conventional two-dimensional mammography is the overlap of dense breast tissue obscuring masses. Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) has emerged as a mammographic technology that overcomes this limitation and is considered an overall better mammogram. DBT has been shown to detect significantly more breast cancer than conventional two-dimensional mammography, and to decrease the number of callbacks for diagnostic evaluation from screening mammography. Usually the callback evaluation is deemed to be overlap of tissue requiring no further management...
January 2018: Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131762/strengths-and-weaknesses-of-synthetic-mammography-in-screening
#4
Linda Ratanaprasatporn, Sona A Chikarmane, Catherine S Giess
Synthetic mammography (SM) consists of two-dimensional images reconstructed from digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) data. Unlike standard full-field digital mammography (FFDM), SM does not require additional radiation exposure. SM is being introduced in breast imaging centers because early clinical data demonstrate that synthetic images are comparable to FFDM in cancer detection, positive predictive values, and recall rates. SM has completely replaced FFDM in some practices. Thus, an understanding of SM and its strengths and weaknesses compared with those of FFDM is essential...
November 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129518/breast-cancer-screening-with-digital-breast-tomosynthesis-4-year-experience-and-comparison-with-national-data
#5
Huay-Ben Pan, Kam-Fai Wong, Anthony Yao, Giu-Cheng Hsu, Chen-Pin Chou, Huei-Lung Liang, Jer-Shyung Huang, Hung-Ju Li, Shu-Chin Wang, Tsung-Lung Yang
BACKGROUND: To determine if mammography combined with tomosynthesis (DBT) leads to superior performance in screening for breast cancer compared to digital mammography alone. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data from A) the results of population-based mammography-screening provided by the National Cancer Registry in Taiwan, and B) the results from all screening mammography performed with DBT from 2012 through 2015 at Veterans General Hospital Kaohsiung (VGHKS) since the institution of DBT at the end of 2011...
November 9, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126943/suge-belongs-to-the-small-multidrug-resistance-smr-protein-family-involved-in-tributyltin-tbt-biodegradation-and-bioremediation-by-alkaliphilic-stenotrophomonas-chelatiphaga-hs2
#6
Hamdy A Hassan
Tributyltin (TBT) used in a variety of industrial processes, subsequent discharge into the environment, its fate, toxicity and human exposure are topics of current concern. TBT degradation by alkaliphilic bacteria may be a key factor in the remediation of TBT in high pH contaminated sites. In this study, Stenotrophomonas chelatiphaga HS2 were isolated and identified from TBT contaminated site in Mediterranean Sea. S. chelatiphaga HS2 has vigor capability to transform TBT into dibutyltin and monobutyltin (DBT and MBT) at pH 9 and 7% NaCl (w/v)...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126894/developments-in-pre-hospital-patient-transport-in-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#7
Maria Inês da Costa Silveira, Maria João Monteiro Sousa, Patrícia Fernandes Dias de Madureira Rodrigues, Bruno Miguel Fernandes Brochado, Raquel Bachen Guimarães Santos, Maria Ana Meixa Alves Burbach Trêpa, André Miguel Coimbra Luz, João Antonio Brum da Silveira, Aníbal António Braga de Albuquerque, Henrique José Cyrne de Castro Machado Carvalho, Severo Barreiro Torres
INTRODUCTION: ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a medical emergency that benefits from rapid access to specialized care. The objective of this study was to describe developments in patient transport via the pre-hospital emergency medical system (EMS) and its impact on clinical outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively studied STEMI patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention between January 2008 and July 2015. Patients were divided according to type of admission...
November 7, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122119/avoiding-radial-nerve-palsy-in-proximal-radius-shaft-plating-a-cadaver-study
#8
Angelika M Schwarz, Gloria M Hohenberger, Andreas H Weiglein, Regina Riedl, Mario Staresinic, Stephan Grechenig
BACKGROUND: Opinions vary concerning the position of forearm rotation during detachment of the supinator in radial nerve palsy Henry's and Thompson's approaches. PURPOSE: To define the optimal forearm position for a safe detachment of the supinator during these approaches and to clarify their close relationship to the posterior interosseous nerve (PIN). METHODS: The study sample comprised 90 upper extremities of 45 human adult cadavers, embalmed using Thiel's method...
November 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101698/occurrence-of-organotins-in-the-aquatic-environment-during-an-operating-cycle-of-the-three-gorges-reservoir-china
#9
Jun-Min Gao, Xiao-Ling Chen, Xiu-Qian Sun, Ke Zhang, You-Peng Chen, Jin-Song Guo, Yu Shen
Organotins (OTs) pollution in the aquatic environment of the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) was assessed during the reservoir's operating cycle. Butyltins (BTs) and phenyltins (PhTs) in the water phase and suspended particulate matter (SPM) at different water levels were analysed. It was found that the distribution of OTs in the surface and bottom water phases were similar, with the dominant OTs being BTs at the low water level and PhTs at the high water level. The detection rates and concentrations of OTs in the water phase at the high water level were both higher than those at the low water level, with most OTs being monobutyltin (MBT) at the low water level and monophenyltin (MPhT) at the high water level...
November 3, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098168/comparing-search-patterns-in-digital-breast-tomosynthesis-and-full-field-digital-mammography-an-eye-tracking-study
#10
Avi Aizenman, Trafton Drew, Krista A Ehinger, Dianne Georgian-Smith, Jeremy M Wolfe
As a promising imaging modality, digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) leads to better diagnostic performance than traditional full-field digital mammograms (FFDM) alone. DBT allows different planes of the breast to be visualized, reducing occlusion from overlapping tissue. Although DBT is gaining popularity, best practices for search strategies in this medium are unclear. Eye tracking allowed us to describe search patterns adopted by radiologists searching DBT and FFDM images. Eleven radiologists examined eight DBT and FFDM cases...
October 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095374/achieving-drug-and-alcohol-abstinence-among-recently-incarcerated-homeless-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-dialectical-behavioral-therapy-case-management-with-a-health-promotion-program
#11
Adeline M Nyamathi, Sanghyuk S Shin, Jolene Smeltzer, Benissa E Salem, Kartik Yadav, Maria L Ekstrand, Susan F Turner, Mark Faucette
BACKGROUND: Homeless female ex-offenders (homeless female offenders) exiting jail and prison are at a critical juncture during reentry and transitioning into the community setting. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to compare the effect of a dialectical behavioral therapy-case management (DBT-CM) program with a health promotion (HP) program on achieving drug and alcohol abstinence among female parolees/probationers residing in the community. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter parallel randomized controlled trial with 130 female parolees/probationers (aged 19-64 years) residing in the community randomly assigned to either DBT-CM (n = 65) or HP (n = 65)...
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089145/the-empirical-status-of-the-third-wave-behaviour-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Jake Linardon, Christopher G Fairburn, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Denise E Wilfley, Leah Brennan
Although third-wave behaviour therapies are being increasingly used for the treatment of eating disorders, their efficacy is largely unknown. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to examine the empirical status of these therapies. Twenty-seven studies met full inclusion criteria. Only 13 randomized controlled trials (RCT) were identified, most on binge eating disorder (BED). Pooled within- (pre-post change) and between-groups effect sizes were calculated for the meta-analysis. Large pre-post symptom improvements were observed for all third-wave treatments, including dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT), schema therapy (ST), acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), mindfulness-based interventions (MBI), and compassion-focused therapy (CFT)...
December 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070984/added-value-of-digital-breast-tomosynthesis-combined-with-digital-mammography-according-to-reader-agreement-changes-in-bi-rads-rate-and-follow-up-management
#13
Francesca Galati, Flaminia Marzocca, Erica Bassetti, Maria L Luciani, Sharon Tan, Carlo Catalano, Federica Pediconi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the added value of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) when combined with digital mammography (DM) in BI-RADS assessment and follow-up management. METHODS: From February 2014 to January 2015, 214 patients underwent DM and DBT, acquired with a Siemens Mammomat Inspiration unit. 2 expert readers independently reviewed the studies in 2 steps: DM and DM+DBT, according to BI-RADS rate. Patients with BI-RADS 0, 3, 4, and 5 were recalled for work-up...
September 2017: Breast Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070480/internet-delivered-dialectical-behavioral-therapy-skills-training-for-suicidal-and-heavy-episodic-drinkers-protocol-and-preliminary-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Chelsey Wilks, Qingqing Yin, Sin Yee Ang, Brandon Matsumiya, Anita Lungu, Marsha Linehan
BACKGROUND: The need to develop effective and accessible interventions for suicidal individuals engaging in heavy episodic drinking (HED) cannot be understated. While the link between alcohol use and suicidality is a complex one that remains to be elucidated, emotion dysregulation may play a key role in alcohol-related suicide risk in these individuals. OBJECTIVE: In the current study, an 8-week Internet-delivered dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) skills training intervention was developed and preliminarily evaluated for suicidal individuals who engage in HED to regulate emotions...
October 25, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064756/concurrent-computer-aided-detection-improves-reading-time-of-digital-breast-tomosynthesis-and-maintains-interpretation-performance-in-a-multireader-multicase-study
#15
Richard A Benedikt, Justin E Boatsman, Cynthia A Swann, Aaron D Kirkpatrick, Alicia Y Toledano
OBJECTIVE: Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) is more accurate than full-field digital mammography alone but requires a longer reading time. A radiologist reader study evaluated the use of concurrent computer-aided detection (CAD) to shorten the reading time while maintaining interpretation performance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A CAD system was developed to detect suspicious soft-tissue densities in DBT planes. Abnormalities are extracted from the plane in which they are detected and blended into the corresponding synthetic image...
October 24, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056846/a-cultural-adaptation-of-dialectical-behavior-therapy-in-nepal
#16
Megan K Ramaiya, Devika Fiorillo, Upasana Regmi, Clive J Robins, Brandon A Kohrt
Growing evidence exists on the potential for adapting evidence-based interventions for low- and-middle-income countries (LMIC). One opportunity that has received limited attention is the adaptation of psychotherapies developed in high-income countries (HIC) based on principles from LMIC cultural groups. Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is one such treatment with significant potential for acceptability in South Asian settings with high suicide rates. We describe a tri-phasic approach to adapt DBT in Nepal that consists of qualitative interviews with major Nepali mental health stakeholders (Study 1), an adaptation workshop with 15 Nepali counselors (Study 2), and a small-scale treatment pilot with eligible clients in one rural district (Study 3)...
November 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043085/a-pilot-open-series-of-lamotrigine-in-dbt-treated-eating-disorders-characterized-by-significant-affective-dysregulation-and-poor-impulse-control
#17
Mary Ellen Trunko, Terry A Schwartz, Laura A Berner, Anne Cusack, Tiffany Nakamura, Ursula F Bailer, Joanna Y Chen, Walter H Kaye
BACKGROUND: There is little effective psychopharmacological treatment for individuals with eating disorders who struggle with pervasive, severe affective and behavioral dysregulation. METHODS: This pilot open series evaluated lamotrigine, a mood stabilizer, in the treatment of patients with eating disorders who did not respond adequately to antidepressant medications. Nine women with anorexia nervosa- or bulimia nervosa-spectrum eating disorders in partial hospital or intensive outpatient dialectical behavior therapy (DBT)-based eating disorder treatment took lamotrigine for 147 ± 79 days (mean final dose = 161...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036067/analyzing-visual-search-observers-using-eye-tracking-data-for-digital-breast-tomosynthesis-images
#18
Zhengqiang Jiang, Mini Das, Howard C Gifford
Visual-search (VS) model observers have the potential to provide reliable predictions of human-observer performance in detection-localization tasks. The purpose of this work was to examine some characteristics of human gaze on breast images with the goal of informing the design of our VS observers. Using a helmet-mounted eye-tracking system, we recorded the movement of gaze from human observers as they searched for masses in sets of 2D digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) images. The masses in this study were of a single profile...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035350/asymmetric-dual-band-tracking-technique-for-optimal-joint-processing-of-bds-b1i-and-b1c-signals
#19
Chuhan Wang, Xiaowei Cui, Tianyi Ma, Sihao Zhao, Mingquan Lu
Along with the rapid development of the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), satellite navigation signals have become more diversified, complex, and agile in adapting to increasing market demands. Various techniques have been developed for processing multiple navigation signals to achieve better performance in terms of accuracy, sensitivity, and robustness. This paper focuses on a technique for processing two signals with separate but adjacent center frequencies, such as B1I and B1C signals in the BeiDou global system...
October 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034599/process-and-impact-of-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-a-systematic-review-of-perceptions-of-clients-with-a-diagnosis-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#20
REVIEW
Hannah Little, Anna Tickle, Roshan das Nair
PURPOSE: To identify, appraise, and synthesize findings from qualitative studies of individuals diagnosed with borderline personality disorder who have experienced dialectical behaviour therapy, to gain further understanding of their perceptions of the process and impact of therapy. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive systematic search of the literature from several online databases, and appraised them using an adapted version of the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme tool...
October 16, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
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