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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717512/trauma-related-emotions-and-radical-acceptance-in-dialectical-behavior-therapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-after-childhood-sexual-abuse
#1
Nora Görg, Kathlen Priebe, Jan R Böhnke, Regina Steil, Anne S Dyer, Nikolaus Kleindienst
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) related to childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is often associated with a wide range of trauma-related aversive emotions such as fear, disgust, sadness, shame, guilt, and anger. Intense experience of aversive emotions in particular has been linked to higher psychopathology in trauma survivors. Most established psychosocial treatments aim to reduce avoidance of trauma-related memories and associated emotions. Interventions based on Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) also foster radical acceptance of the traumatic event...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716454/a-randomised-trial-of-screening-with-digital-breast-tomosynthesis-plus-conventional-digital-2d-mammography-versus-2d-mammography-alone-in-younger-higher-risk-women
#2
Anthony J Maxwell, Michael Michell, Yit Y Lim, Susan M Astley, Mary Wilson, Emma Hurley, D Gareth Evans, Anthony Howell, Asif Iqbal, John Kotre, Stephen Duffy, Julie Morris
INTRODUCTION: Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) has been shown to increase invasive cancer detection rates at screening compared to full field digital (2D) mammography alone, and some studies have reported a reduction in the screening recall rate. No prospective randomised studies of DBT have previously been published. This study compares recall rates with 2D mammography with and without concurrent DBT in women in their forties with a family history of breast cancer undergoing incident screening...
June 30, 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715278/bi-rads-category-3-comparison-probably-benign-category-after-recall-from-screening-before-and-after-implementation-of-digital-breast-tomosynthesis
#3
Elizabeth S McDonald, Anne Marie McCarthy, Susan P Weinstein, Mitchell D Schnall, Emily F Conant
Purpose To evaluate Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) category 3 assessment at diagnostic examination after recall from screening in a large urban population after implementation of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) by focusing both on overall use and use stratified by recalled finding type and outcome at 2 years. Materials and Methods This was an intuitional review board-approved and HIPAA-compliant retrospective review of 10 728 digital mammography (DM) examinations from September 1, 2010, to August 30, 2011, and 15 571 screening DBT examinations from October 1, 2011, to February 28, 2013...
July 17, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710582/comparison-of-digital-mammography-and-digital-breast-tomosynthesis-in-the-detection-of-architectural-distortion
#4
Elizabeth H Dibble, Ana P Lourenco, Grayson L Baird, Robert C Ward, A Stanley Maynard, Martha B Mainiero
OBJECTIVES: To compare interobserver variability (IOV), reader confidence, and sensitivity/specificity in detecting architectural distortion (AD) on digital mammography (DM) versus digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT). METHODS: This IRB-approved, HIPAA-compliant reader study used a counterbalanced experimental design. We searched radiology reports for AD on screening mammograms from 5 March 2012-27 November 2013. Cases were consensus-reviewed. Controls were selected from demographically matched non-AD examinations...
July 14, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707529/interpretation-of-digital-breast-tomosynthesis-preliminary-study-on-comparison-with-picture-archiving-and-communication-system-pacs-and-dedicated-workstation
#5
Young Seon Kim, Jung Min Chang, Ann Yi, Sung Ui Shin, Myung Eun Lee, Won Hwa Kim, Nariya Cho, Woo Kyung Moon
OBJECTIVES: To compare the diagnostic accuracy and efficiency in the interpretation of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) images using picture archiving and communication system (PACS) and a dedicated workstation. METHODS: A total of 97 DBT images performed for screening or diagnostic purposes were stored in both a workstation and PACS, and evaluated in combination with digital mammography by three independent radiologists retrospectively. Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System final assessments and likelihood of malignancy (%) were assigned and the interpretation time when using the workstation and PACS was recorded...
July 14, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701090/-transference-focused-psychotherapy-for-borderline-adolescents-in-a-day-clinic-treatment-program
#6
Maya Krischer, Tamara Ponton-Rodriguez, Ghazal Rostami Gooran, Stephan Bender
Transference Focused Psychotherapy for Borderline-Adolescents in a Day Clinic Treatment Program This paper focuses on the concept of transference focused psychotherapy (TFP) modified for juvenile borderline patients. Adolescents with borderline developmental personality disorder (bpd) have an essential deficit in their personality structure that leads to oscillations in their self-esteem and in a "split" perception of the world. They suffer from a variety of symptoms and severe impairments on their own and their families' quality of life...
July 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696192/breast-cancer-screening-does-tomosynthesis-augment-mammography
#7
REVIEW
Traci A Takahashi, Christoph I Lee, Kay M Johnson
Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) is a relatively new imaging technology that is being adopted widely for breast cancer screening. Initial evidence suggests that it may reduce recall rates and increase cancer detection rates when added to digital mammography screening. However, more rigorous, prospective studies are needed to determine whether it improves long-term clinical outcomes of breast cancer screening.
July 2017: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690851/combining-emotion-regulation-and-mindfulness-skills-for-preventing-depression-relapse-a-randomized-controlled-study
#8
Matilde Elices, Joaquim Soler, Albert Feliu-Soler, Cristina Carmona, Thais Tiana, Juan C Pascual, Azucena García-Palacios, Enric Álvarez
BACKGROUND: Dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) skills have become increasingly used to treat several psychiatric conditions, including major depressive disorder (MDD). The aim of the study was to investigate the efficacy of an intervention that combines emotion regulation and mindfulness skills of DBT to prevent depression relapse/recurrence. METHODS: A total of 75 individuals (79% females; mean age, 52 years) with a diagnosis of MDD in complete or partial remission were recruited...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688342/estrogen-mediated-protection-of-the-organotin-degrading-strain-metarhizium-robertsii-against-oxidative-stress-promoted-by-monobutyltin
#9
Paulina Siewiera, Sylwia Różalska, Przemysław Bernat
Dibutyltin (DBT) is a global pollutant characterized by pro-oxidative properties. The fungal strain Metarhizium robertsii can eliminate high levels of DBT efficiently. In this study, induction of oxidative stress as well as its alleviation through the application of natural estrogens during the elimination of DBT by M. robertsii were evaluated. During the first 24 h of incubation, the initial concentration of DBT (20 mg l(-1)) was reduced to 3.1 mg l(-1), with simultaneous formation of a major byproduct - monobutyltin (MBT)...
June 30, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668424/digital-breast-tomosynthesis-versus-full-field-digital-mammography-which-modality-provides-more-accurate-prediction-of-margin-status-in-specimen-radiography
#10
Heba A Amer, Florian Schmitzberger, Barbara Ingold-Heppner, Julia Kussmaul, Manal F El Tohamy, Hazim I Tantawy, B Hamm, M Makowski, Eva M Fallenberg
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the reliability of tumor margin assessment in specimen radiography (SR) using digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) and full-field digital mammography (FFDM) in comparison to postoperative histopathology margin status as the gold standard. METHODS: After ethics committee approval, 102 consecutive patients who underwent breast conservative surgery for nonpalpable proven breast cancer were prospectively included. All patients underwent ultrasound/mammography-guided wire localization of their lesions...
August 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654786/l-proline-based-deep-eutectic-solvents-dess-for-deep-catalytic-oxidative-desulfurization-ods-of-diesel
#11
Lingwan Hao, Meiri Wang, Wenjuan Shan, Changliang Deng, Wanzhong Ren, Zhouzhou Shi, Hongying Lü
A series of L-proline-based DESs was prepared through an atom economic reaction between L-proline (L-Pro) and four different kinds of organic acids. The DESs were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), H nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)HNMR), cyclic voltammogram (CV) and the Hammett method. The synthesized DESs were used for the oxidative desulfurization and the L-Pro/p-toluenesultonic acid (L-Pro/p-TsOH) system shows the highest catalytic activity that the removal of dibenzothiophene (DBT) reached 99% at 60°C in 2h, which may involve the dual activation of the L-Pro/p-TsOH...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649383/impact-of-therapist-change-after-initial-contact-and-traumatic-burden-on-dropout-in-a-naturalistic-sample-of-inpatients-with-borderline-pathology-receiving-dialectical-behavior-therapy
#12
Carolin Steuwe, Michaela Berg, Martin Driessen, Thomas Beblo
BACKGROUND: This study focused on the predictors of therapy dropout in a naturalistic sample of patients with borderline pathology receiving dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) in an inpatient setting. We assumed that the change of the therapist between DBT-briefing and start of DBT-treatment as well as comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and childhood trauma history were associated with elevated dropout. METHODS: Eighty-nine participants with borderline pathology (≥ 3 borderline personality disorder criteria) receiving an inpatient DBT program completed a quality assurance questionnaire set assessing demographic information and pretreatment psychopathology during the days of their inpatient stay...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647388/characterization-of-breast-masses-in-digital-breast-tomosynthesis-and-digital-mammograms-an-observer-performance-study
#13
Heang-Ping Chan, Mark A Helvie, Lubomir Hadjiiski, Deborah O Jeffries, Katherine A Klein, Colleen H Neal, Mitra Noroozian, Chintana Paramagul, Marilyn A Roubidoux
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) assessment of lesions in two-view digital mammogram (DM) to two-view wide-angle digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) without DM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With Institutional Review Board approval and written informed consent, two-view DBTs were acquired from 134 subjects and the corresponding DMs were collected retrospectively. The study included 125 subjects with 61 malignant (size: 3...
June 21, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647251/pet-modified-red-mud-as-catalysts-for-oxidative-desulfurization-reactions
#14
Nayara T do Prado, Ana P Heitmann, Herman S Mansur, Alexandra A Mansur, Luiz C A Oliveira, Cinthia S de Castro
This work describes the synthesis of catalysts based on red mud/polyethylene terephthalate (PET) composites and their subsequent heat treatment under N2 atmosphere. The materials were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), temperature programmed reduction (TPR), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric (TG) analysis and N2 adsorption/desorption. The catalysts were evaluated in the oxidative desulfurization reaction of dibenzothiophene (DBT) in a biphasic system...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641248/method-for-simulating-dose-reduction-in-digital-breast-tomosynthesis
#15
Lucas R Borges, Igor Guerrero, Predrag R Bakic, Alessandro Foi, Andrew D A Maidment, Marcelo A C Vieira
This work proposes a new method of simulating dose reduction in digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), starting from a clinical image acquired with a standard radiation dose. It considers both signal-dependent quantum and signal-independent electronic noise. Furthermore, the method accounts for pixel crosstalk, which causes the noise to be frequency-dependent, thus increasing the simulation accuracy. For an objective assessment, simulated and real images were compared in terms of noise standard deviation, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and normalized noise power spectrum (NNPS)...
June 15, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639832/comparing-diagnostic-performance-of-digital-breast-tomosynthesis-and-full-field-digital-mammography-in-a-hybrid-screening-environment
#16
Catherine S Giess, Sarvenaz Pourjabbar, Ivan K Ip, Ronilda Lacson, Emily Alper, Ramin Khorasani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to compare the diagnostic performance of screening digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) to that of full-field digital mammography (FFDM) in a mixed DBT and FFDM imaging environment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective observational study consisted of all female patients undergoing screening DBT or FFDM at an academic medical center and outpatient imaging facility between October 2012 and May 2015. Patient demographics and personal history of breast cancer were collected from the electronic medical record...
June 22, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637970/impact-of-door-to-balloon-time-in-patients-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-who-arrived-by-self-transport%C3%A3-acute-myocardial-infarction-kyoto-multi-center-risk-study-group
#17
Naotoshi Kodama, Takeshi Nakamura, Kenji Yanishi, Naohiko Nakanishi, Kan Zen, Tetsuhiro Yamano, Hirokazu Shiraishi, Takeshi Shirayama, Jun Shiraishi, Takahisa Sawada, Yoshio Kohno, Makoto Kitamura, Keizo Furukawa, Satoaki Matoba
BACKGROUND: Patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who arrive at a hospital via self-transport reportedly have a delayed door-to-balloon time (DBT). However, the clinical impacts of delayed DBT on in-hospital mortality among such patients are not well known.Methods and Results:In total, 1,172 STEMI patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention between January 2009 and December 2013 from the Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) Kyoto Registry were analyzed...
June 20, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629811/tbt-and-its-metabolites-in-sediments-survey-at-a-german-coastal-site-and-the-central-baltic-sea
#18
Marion Abraham, Lina Westphal, Ines Hand, Astrid Lerz, Jenny Jeschek, Dennis Bunke, Thomas Leipe, Detlef Schulz-Bull
Since the 1950s the organotin compound tributyltin (TBT) was intensively used in antifouling paints for marine vessels and it became of concern for the marine environment. Herein, we report on a study from 2015 on TBT and its metabolites monobutyltin (MBT) and dibutyltin (DBT) in sediments from the central Baltic Sea and a Baltic Sea coastal site with strong harbor activities (Warnemünde). Sublayers from a sediment core from the Arkona Basin were analyzed to investigate the long term organotin pressure for the Baltic Sea...
June 16, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607364/desulfurization-of-model-oil-by-selective-adsorption-over-porous-boron-nitride-fibers-with-tailored-microstructures
#19
Zhiyi Yan, Jing Lin, Xiaohai Yuan, Tao Song, Chao Yu, Zhenya Liu, Xin He, Jianli Liang, Chengchun Tang, Yang Huang
We report on the controllable synthesis of porous BN microfibers and explore their applications as adsorbent for removing dibenzothiophene (DBT) in model oil. The growth evolution of porous BN microfibers has been carefully investigated by correlating their structural characteristics with their synthesis conditions. The as-prepared BN microfibers exhibit very high adsorption capacity for DBT (86 mg S g(-1) according to the Langmuir isotherm model), showing excellent adsorptive desulfurization performance...
June 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598261/neurotoxicity-of-alkylated-polycyclic-aromatic-compounds-in-human-neuroblastoma-cells
#20
Sailendra Nath Sarma, Jules M Blais, Hing Man Chan
Polycyclic aromatic compounds (PAC) are ubiquitous environmental pollutants originating from incomplete combustion processes. While the toxicity of parent PAC such as benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) is well characterized, effects of other alkyl-PAC dibenzothiophene (DBT) and retene (Ret) are not well established. The aim of this study was to examine the underlying relative neurotoxic mechanisms attributed to BaP (parent PAH), DBT and Ret (alkyl-PACs) using human neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cells. The lethal concentrations (LC10 and LC20) were found at approximately 10 µM and 40 µM, respectively after 24-h exposure of SK-N-SH cells...
2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
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