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Chi He, Gaoshan Men, Bitao Xu, Jin Cui, Jinglian Zhao
The adsorption process and mechanism of dibenzothiophene (DBT) over metal-loaded phenolic resin-derived activated carbon (PR-AC) were firstly reported in this work. The metal component (Zn, Ni, or Cu) was respectively introduced to PR-AC support via an impregnation method. The effects of adsorbent component, initial DBT concentration, liquid hourly space velocity (LHSV), adsorption time, and adsorption temperature on the adsorption capacity of the adsorbents were systematically investigated. Furthermore, the adsorption mechanism was discussed by analyzing the properties of adsorption product and saturated adsorbent as well as adsorption kinetics...
October 18, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Julie E Weiss, Martha Goodrich, Kimberly A Harris, Rachael E Chicoine, Marie B Synnestvedt, Steve J Pyle, Jane S Chen, Sally D Herschorn, Elisabeth F Beaber, Jennifer S Haas, Anna N A Tosteson, Tracy Onega
PURPOSE: To assess indication for examination for four breast imaging modalities and describe the complexity and heterogeneity of data sources and ascertainment methods. METHODS: Indication was evaluated among the Population-based Research Optimizing Screening through Personalized Regimens (PROSPR) breast cancer research centers (PRCs). Indication data were reported overall and separately for four breast imaging modalities: digital mammography (DM), digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), ultrasound (US), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
October 12, 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Deepak N Bhatia
Distal biceps tendon (DBT) ruptures are infrequent injuries that result in pain, weakness, and cosmetic deformity. Severe retraction of the ruptured DBT can occur at the time of injury, or in chronic neglected ruptures, and surgical exposure is performed using a single incision or a 2-incision technique. The technique presented here describes an endoscopic approach using 3 portals that provide access to the retracted DBT, biceps sheath, and radial tuberosity. Preoperative sonographic localization of the retracted DBT and neurovascular structures is used to guide portal placement...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
Tamika C B Zapolski, Gregory T Smith
A significant proportion of youth engage in health risk behaviors, which are of concern, as they are associated with adverse health consequences across development. Two factors associated with engagement in such behaviors are emotion dysregulation and impulsivity. Dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) is an effective intervention that enhances emotion regulation skills to reduce problem behaviors among adolescent populations; however, limited research has been conducted implementing the program within school settings...
October 14, 2016: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
P Whelehan, S H Heywang-Köbrunner, S J Vinnicombe, A Hacker, A Jänsch, A Hapca, R Gray, M Jenkin, K Lowry, R Oeppen, M Reilly, M Stahnke, A Evans
AIM: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of standard screening images plus single-view digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), using Siemens DBT equipment, with standard screening images plus supplementary mammographic views in non-calcific, screen-detected mammographic abnormalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were unselected women aged 50-69 years recalled within a population-based European breast screening programme for assessment of soft-tissue mammographic abnormalities...
October 10, 2016: Clinical Radiology
Katrina E Korhonen, Susan P Weinstein, Elizabeth S McDonald, Emily F Conant
Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) represents a valuable addition to breast cancer screening by decreasing recall rates while increasing cancer detection rates. The increased accuracy achieved with DBT is due to the quasi-three-dimensional format of the reconstructed images and the ability to "scroll through" breast tissue in the reconstructed images, thereby reducing the effect of tissue superimposition found with conventional planar digital mammography. The margins of both benign and malignant lesions are more conspicuous at DBT, which allows improved lesion characterization, increased reader confidence, and improved screening outcomes...
October 7, 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Jin Hee Eum, Jae Kyun Park, So Young Kim, Soo Kyung Paek, Hyun Ha Seok, Eun Mi Chang, Dong Ryul Lee, Woo Sik Lee
OBJECTIVE: Assisted reproductive technology has been associated with an increase in multiple pregnancies. The most effective strategy for reducing multiple pregnancies is single embryo transfer. Beginning in October 2015, the National Supporting Program for Infertility in South Korea has limited the number of embryos that can be transferred per in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle depending on the patient's age. However, little is known regarding the effect of age and number of transferred embryos on the clinical outcomes of Korean patients...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
Eva Fassbinder, Ulrich Schweiger, Desiree Martius, Odette Brand-de Wilde, Arnoud Arntz
Schema therapy (ST) and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) have both shown to be effective treatment methods especially for borderline personality disorder. Both, ST and DBT, have their roots in cognitive behavioral therapy and aim at helping patient to deal with emotional dysregulation. However, there are major differences in the terminology, explanatory models and techniques used in the both methods. This article gives an overview of the major therapeutic techniques used in ST and DBT with respect to emotion regulation and systematically puts them in the context of James Gross' process model of emotion regulation...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Nicole Berger, Sibylle Dubach Schwizer, Zsuzsanna Varga, Christoph Rageth, Thomas Frauenfelder, Andreas Boss
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to determine if digital tomosynthesis of the breast (DBT) assesses the extension of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) with higher precision than mammography (MG). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The local ethics committee approved this retrospective study including 26 patients with DCIS, which were rated by three radiologists. Statistics were performed using intraclass correlation (ICC) for interreader agreement and the Pearson correlation for correlation of MG and DBT...
September 13, 2016: Clinical Imaging
Pierre Cole, Sebastien Weibel, Rosetta Nicastro, Roland Hasler, Alexandre Dayer, Jean-Michel Aubry, Paco Prada, Nader Perroud
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with marked impairments in familial, social, and professional functioning. Although stimulant treatments can be effective in adult ADHD, some patients will respond poorly or not at all to medication. Previous studies demonstrated that cognitive behavioural therapy- (CBT) and dialectical behavior therapy- (DBT) oriented interventions are effective in reducing the burden of the disease, which is mainly marked by depression, interpersonal difficulties, low self-esteem, and low quality of life...
September 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
Ravi K Samala, Heang-Ping Chan, Lubomir M Hadjiiski, Mark A Helvie
With IRB approval, digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) images of human subjects were collected using a GE GEN2 DBT prototype system. Corresponding digital mammograms (DMs) of the same subjects were collected retrospectively from patient files. The data set contained a total of 237 views of DBT and equal number of DM views from 120 human subjects, each included 163 views with microcalcification clusters (MCs) and 74 views without MCs. The data set was separated into training and independent test sets. The pre-processing, object prescreening and segmentation, false positive reduction and clustering strategies for MC detection by three computer-aided detection (CADe) systems designed for DM, DBT, and a planar projection image generated from DBT were analyzed...
October 7, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
David R Dance, Ioannis Sechopoulos
The estimation of the mean glandular dose to the breast (MGD) for x-ray based imaging modalities forms an essential part of quality control and is needed for risk estimation and for system design and optimisation. This review considers the development of methods for estimating the MGD for mammography, digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) and dedicated breast CT (DBCT). Almost all of the methodology used employs Monte Carlo calculated conversion factors to relate the measurable quantity, generally the incident air kerma, to the MGD...
October 7, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Alexander L Chapman, M Zachary Rosenthal, Katherine L Dixon-Gordon, Brianna J Turner, Peter Kuppens
This study examined the effects of avoidance- versus acceptance-oriented emotion regulation instructions among individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD; n = 48), major depressive disorder (MDD; n = 54), and non-psychiatric controls (NPC; n = 50) using ecological momentary assessment. Participants were randomly assigned to either accept or avoid negative emotions, and monitored their moods, urges, and distress tolerance several times per day over 6 days. Avoidance instructions resulted in reduced negative affect and urges for maladaptive behaviors uniquely among BPD participants...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Personality Disorders
Kelly E Moore, Johanna B Folk, Emily A Boren, June P Tangney, Sarah Fischer, Shannon W Schrader
Regulating emotions, refraining from impulsive, maladaptive behavior, and communicating effectively are considered primary treatment needs among jail inmates. Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT; Linehan, 1993a) skills address these deficits and have been implemented in long-term correctional settings, but have yet to be adapted for general population inmates in short-term jail settings. This study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of a DBT skills group in a jail setting, as well as its utility in improving coping skills and emotional/behavioral dysregulation...
September 12, 2016: Psychological Services
Karen L Jacob
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) has a reputation for being a challenging disorder to treat due to the nature of the illness. With the development of evidence-based treatments, therapists are becoming more skilled at successfully helping this cohort of patients. A common factor associated with all validated treatments for BPD is the active involvement of therapists. For example, DBT is one treatment where therapists are expected to be available to patients for coaching outside of sessions. However, understanding the benefits and pitfalls associated with therapists' accessibility in between sessions is relevant to any treatment with intersession contact...
September 2016: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
Sara J Landes, Samantha A Chalker, Katherine Anne Comtois
BACKGROUND: Rates of treatment dropout in outpatient Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) in the community can be as high as 24 % to 58 %, making dropout a great concern. The primary purpose of this article was to examine predictors of dropout from DBT in a community mental health setting. METHODS: Participants were 56 consumers with borderline personality disorder (BPD) who were psychiatrically disabled participating in a larger feasibility trial of Dialectical Behavior Therapy- Accepting the Challenges of Exiting the System...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
Tokiko Endo, Takako Morita, Mikinao Oiwa, Namiko Suda, Yasuyuki Sato, Shu Ichihara, Misaki Shiraiwa, Kazuaki Yoshikawa, Takao Horiba, Hirotoshi Ogawa, Yukie Hayashi, Tomonari Sendai, Takahisa Arai
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were: (1) to evaluate the detectability of full-field digital mammography (FFDM) plus dual-mode digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) and compare it with that of FFDM alone and (2) to compare the detectability of high-resolution-mode (HR mode used with 40°-angle imaging, 100-µm pixel size, and higher dose) DBT with that of standard-mode (ST mode used with 15°-angle imaging, 150-µm pixel size, and lower dose) DBT for diagnostic evaluation. MATERIALS: The local Institutional Review Board approved this retrospective study of two different sets of cases...
September 1, 2016: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
Cleber F N Marchiori, Yunier Garcia-Basabe, Fabio de A Ribeiro, Marlus Koehler, Lucimara S Roman, Maria Luiza M Rocco
We use X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS), resonant Auger spectroscopy (RAS), Attenuation Total Reflection Infrared (ATR-IR) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) to study the blend between the copolymer poly[2,7-(9,9-bis(2-ethylhexyl)-dibenzosilole)-alt-4,7-bis(thiophen-2-yl)benzo-2,1,3-thiadiazole] (PSiF-DBT) and the fullerene derivative PC71BM submitted to different annealing temperatures. Those measurements indicate that there is an incidental anchoring of a fullerene derivative to the Si-bridging atoms of a copolymer induced by thermal annealing of the film...
January 15, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Thiwari Ophithakorn, Aboubakr Sabah, Michele Delalonde, Chrystelle Bancon-Montigny, Thunwadee Tachapattaworakul Suksaroj, Christelle Wisniewski
Organotin compounds (OTs) have been widely used for their biocidal properties and as stabilizers in various industrial applications. Due to their high toxicity, organotins are subject to many studies regarding their behavior in wastewater treatment plant and aquatic environment. However, few studies are available regarding their behavior in lagoon sewage system, although such treatment is commonly used for sewage treatment in low-population areas. The present study aimed at studying the fate of organotins (monobutyltin (MBT), dibutyltin (DBT), and tributyltin (TBT)) in lagoon sewage system...
August 27, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Helen de Morais, Camila P de Souza, Luisa M da Silva, Daniele M Ferreira, Cristiane Hatsuko Baggio, Ana Carolina Vanvossen, Milene Cristina de Carvalho, José Eduardo da Silva-Santos, Leandro José Bertoglio, Joice M Cunha, Janaina M Zanoveli
The pathophysiology associated with increased prevalence of depression in diabetics is not completely understood, although studies have pointed the endocannabinoid system as a possible target. Then, we aimed to investigate the role of this system in the pathophysiology of depression associated with diabetes. For this, diabetic (DBT) male Wistar rats were intraperitoneally treated with cannabinoid CB1 (AM251, 1mg/kg) or CB2 (AM630, 1mg/kg) receptor antagonists followed by anandamide (AEA, 0.005mg/kg) and then submitted to the forced swimming test (FST)...
October 2016: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
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