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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677131/solid-phase-adsorption-toxin-tracking-spatt-technology-for-the-monitoring-of-aquatic-toxins-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Mélanie Roué, Hélène Taiana Darius, Mireille Chinain
The Solid Phase Adsorption Toxin Tracking (SPATT) technology, first introduced in 2004, uses porous synthetic resins capable of passively adsorbing toxins produced by harmful microalgae or cyanobacteria and dissolved in the water. This method allows for the detection of toxic compounds directly in the water column and offers numerous advantages over current monitoring techniques (e.g., shellfish or fish testing and microalgae/cyanobacteria cell detection), despite some limitations. Numerous laboratory and field studies, testing different adsorbent substrates of which Diaion® HP20 resin appears to be the most versatile substrate, have been carried out worldwide to assess the applicability of these passive monitoring devices to the detection of toxins produced by a variety of marine and freshwater microorganisms...
April 20, 2018: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676240/motion-management-in-pet-ct-technological-solutions
#2
Elena De Ponti, Sabrina Morzenti, Cinzia Crivellaro, Federica Elisei, Andrea Crespi, Luca Guerra
BACKGROUND: Motion due to patient's breathing can introduce heavy bias in PET/CT, both in image quality and quantification. AIM: To review technical aspects of the main solutions available to manage movement in PET/CT studies. METHODS: The following tools were described: Respiratory Gated (RG), Motion Free (MF), End Expiration (EE), Banana Artefact Management (BAM) and Data Driven Gating (DDG). RESULTS: The most diffused solutions (RG, MF, EE) are based on LIST mode acquisition of a PET Field of View (4D FOV), centered on the anatomical region of interest; to link PET data not only to time and to spatial position but also to the corresponding breathing phase, the synchronized acquisition of the patient's breathing curve is performed by an external tracking device...
April 19, 2018: Current Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676166/the-need-for-and-implementation-of-image-guidance-in-radiation-therapy
#3
G S Ibbott
The introduction of image guidance in radiation therapy and its subsequent innovations have revolutionised the delivery of cancer treatment. Modern imaging systems can supplement and often replace the historical practice of relying on external landmarks and laser alignment systems. Rather than depending on markings on the patient's skin, image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT), using techniques such as computed tomography (CT), cone beam CT, MV on-board imaging (OBI), and kV OBI, allows the patient to be positioned based on the internal anatomy...
January 1, 2018: Annals of the ICRP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676154/topological-magnon-modes-in-patterned-ferrimagnetic-insulator-thin-films
#4
Yun-Mei Li, Jiang Xiao, Kai Chang
Manipulation of magnons opens an attractive direction in the future energy-efficient information processing devices. Such quasi-particles can transfer and process information free from the troublesome Ohmic loss in conventional electronic devices. Here, we propose to realize topologically protected magnon modes using the interface between the patterned ferrimagnetic insulator thin films of different configurations without the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction. The interface thus behaves like a perfect waveguide to conduct the magnon modes lying in the band gap...
April 20, 2018: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671388/estimation-of-diffusion-constants-from-single-molecular-measurement-without-explicit-tracking
#5
Shunsuke Teraguchi, Yutaro Kumagai
BACKGROUND: Time course measurement of single molecules on a cell surface provides detailed information about the dynamics of the molecules that would otherwise be inaccessible. To extract the quantitative information, single particle tracking (SPT) is typically performed. However, trajectories extracted by SPT inevitably have linking errors when the diffusion speed of single molecules is high compared to the scale of the particle density. METHODS: To circumvent this problem, we develop an algorithm to estimate diffusion constants without relying on SPT...
April 11, 2018: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667867/excelling-at-youth-level-in-competitive-track-and-field-athletics-is-not-a-prerequisite-for-later-success
#6
Philip E Kearney, Philip R Hayes
Enhancing our understanding of athlete development would be valuable for coaches, parents and administrators to set realistic performance expectations and to advance youth sport policy. To this end, a database of track and field performances was examined. Records of 134,313 performances by athletes aged between 12 and 35 years in sprinting, throwing, jumping and middle distance events were analysed. Results revealed that a minority (Male, 9%; Female, 13%) of top 20 ranked senior athletes were also ranked in the top 20 at Under 13 (U13)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666930/role-of-side-slip-flight-in-target-pursuit-blue-tailed-damselflies-ischnura-elegans-avoid-body-rotation-while-approaching-a-moving-perch
#7
Ziv Kassner, Gal Ribak
Visually guided flight control requires processing changes in the visual panorama (optic-flow) resulting from self-movement relative to stationary objects, as well as from moving objects passing through the field of view. We studied the ability of the blue-tailed damselfly, Ischnura elegans, to successfully land on a perch moving unpredictably. We tracked the insects landing on a vertical pole moved linearly 6 cm back and forth with sinusoidal changes in velocity. When the moving perch changed direction at frequencies higher than 1 Hz, the damselflies engaged in manoeuvres that typically involved sideways flight, with minimal changes in body orientation relative to the stationary environment...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666589/applications-of-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-fnirs-in-studying-cognitive-development-the-case-of-mathematics-and-language
#8
REVIEW
Mojtaba Soltanlou, Maria A Sitnikova, Hans-Christoph Nuerk, Thomas Dresler
In this review, we aim to highlight the application of functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) as a useful neuroimaging technique for the investigation of cognitive development. We focus on brain activation changes during the development of mathematics and language skills in schoolchildren. We discuss how technical limitations of common neuroimaging techniques such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have resulted in our limited understanding of neural changes during development, while fNIRS would be a suitable and child-friendly method to examine cognitive development...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665683/monitoring-molecular-transport-across-colloidal-membranes
#9
Emilia Victoria Silletta, Zhe Xu, Mena Youssef, Stefano Sacanna, Alexej Jerschow
The controlled shaping and surface functionalization of colloidal particles has provided opportunities for the development of new materials and responsive particles. The possibility of creating hollow particles with semi-permeable walls allows modulating molecular transport properties on colloidal length scales. While shapes and sizes can typically be observed by optical means, the underlying chemical and physical properties are often invisible. Here, we present measurements of cross-membrane transport via pulsed field gradient NMR in packings of hollow colloidal particles...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664602/engineering-persistent-luminescence-nanoparticles-for-biological-applications-from-biosensing-bioimaging-to-theranostics
#10
Shao-Kai Sun, He-Fang Wang, Xiu-Ping Yan
Persistent luminescence nanoparticles (PLNPs) are unique optical materials emitting long-lasting luminescence after ceasing excitation. Such a unique optical feature allows luminescence detection without constant external illumination to avoid the interferences of autofluorescence and scattering light from biological fluids and tissues. Besides, near-infrared (NIR) PLNPs have advantages of deep penetration and the reactivation of the persistent luminescence (PL) by red or NIR light. These features make the application of NIR-emitting PLNPs in long-term bioimaging no longer limited by the lifetime of PL...
April 17, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661549/adaptive-nonsingular-terminal-sliding-mode-controller-for-micro-nanopositioning-systems-driven-by-linear-piezoelectric-ceramic-motors
#11
Alireza Safa, Reza Yazdanpanah Abdolmalaki, Saeed Shafiee, Behzad Sadeghi
In the field of nanotechnology, there is a growing demand to provide precision control and manipulation of devices with the ability to interact with complex and unstructured environments at micro/nano-scale. As a result, ultrahigh-precision positioning stages have been turned into a key requirement of nanotechnology. In this paper, linear piezoelectric ceramic motors (LPCMs) are adopted to drive micro/nanopositioning stages since they have the ability to achieve high precision in addition to being versatile to be implemented over a wide range of applications...
April 13, 2018: ISA Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659599/profiling-extracellular-vesicle-release-by-the-filarial-nematode-brugia-malayi-reveals-sex-specific-differences-in-cargo-and-a-sensitivity-to-ivermectin
#12
Hiruni Harischandra, Wang Yuan, Hannah J Loghry, Mostafa Zamanian, Michael J Kimber
The filarial nematode Brugia malayi is an etiological agent of Lymphatic Filariasis. The capability of B. malayi and other parasitic nematodes to modulate host biology is recognized but the mechanisms by which such manipulation occurs are obscure. An emerging paradigm is the release of parasite-derived extracellular vesicles (EV) containing bioactive proteins and small RNA species that allow secretion of parasite effector molecules and their potential trafficking to host tissues. We have previously described EV release from the infectious L3 stage B...
April 16, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659337/hyperandrogenic-athletes-performance-differences-in-elite-standard-200m-and-800m-finals
#13
Jonathan Ospina Betancurt, Maria S Zakynthinaki, Maria Jose Martinez-Patiño, Carlos Cordente Martinez
The purpose of this study was to examine whether the difference in elite-standard track and field performance between women athletes with and without hyperandrogenism reaches the 10-12% difference in performance between men and women, using only results from elite-standard track and field final competitions. Officially available data from two hyperandrogenic women (Caster Semenya and Dutee Chand) were compared with the characteristic performance of 200m and 800m elite-standard finals. The finishing times of Caster Semenya, before her ineligibility to compete in 2009 and after the suspension of the 2011 IAAF Hyperandrogenism Regulations were found to be respectively 1...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659172/optic-disc-drusen-understanding-an-old-problem-from-a-new-perspective
#14
REVIEW
Steffen Hamann, Lasse Malmqvist, Fiona Costello
Optic disc drusen (ODD) are acellular deposits located in the optic nerve head of up to 2.4% of the population. They may develop as by-products of impaired axonal metabolism in genetically predisposed individuals, in whom a narrow scleral canal is hypothesized to play a role. Although ODD are often considered as benign innocent bystanders, recognized as part of a routine ophthalmological examination, the vast majority of patients with ODD have visual field defects. Optic disc drusen (ODD)-associated complications with severe visual loss, most often due to anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy, are also known to occur...
April 16, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655589/emerging-applications-of-eye-tracking-technology-in-dermatology
#15
REVIEW
Kevin K John, Jakob D Jensen, Andy J King, Manusheela Pokharel, Douglas Grossman
Eye-tracking technology has been used within a multitude of disciplines to provide data linking eye movements to visual processing of various stimuli (i.e., x-rays, situational positioning, printed information, and warnings). Despite the benefits provided by eye-tracking in allowing for the identification and quantification of visual attention, the discipline of dermatology has yet to see broad application of the technology. Notwithstanding dermatologists' heavy reliance upon visual patterns and cues to discriminate between benign and atypical nevi, literature that applies eye-tracking to the study of dermatology is sparse; and literature specific to patient-initiated behaviors, such as skin self-examination (SSE), is largely non-existent...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655414/augmented-reality-ar-and-virtual-reality-vr-applied-in-dentistry
#16
REVIEW
Ta-Ko Huang, Chi-Hsun Yang, Yu-Hsin Hsieh, Jen-Chyan Wang, Chun-Cheng Hung
The OSCE is a reliable evaluation method to estimate the preclinical examination of dental students. The most ideal assessment for OSCE is used the augmented reality simulator to evaluate. This literature review investigated a recently developed in virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) starting of the dental history to the progress of the dental skill. As result of the lacking of technology, it needs to depend on other device increasing the success rate and decreasing the risk of the surgery. The development of tracking unit changed the surgical and educational way...
April 2018: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651202/a-narrative-review-of-potential-future-antidiabetic-drugs-should-we-expect-more
#17
REVIEW
Gaurav Chikara, Pramod Kumar Sharma, Pradeep Dwivedi, Jaykaran Charan, Sneha Ambwani, Surjit Singh
Prevalence of diabetes mellitus, a chronic metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia, is growing worldwide. The majority of the cases belong to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Globally, India ranks second in terms of diabetes prevalence among adults. Currently available classes of therapeutic agents are used alone or in combinations but seldom achieve treatment targets. Diverse pathophysiology and the need of therapeutic agents with more favourable pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamics profile make newer drug discoveries in the field of T2DM essential...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649704/pesticide-degradation-and-export-losses-at-the-catchment-scale-insights-from-compound-specific-isotope-analysis-csia
#18
Pablo Alvarez-Zaldívar, Sylvain Payraudeau, Fatima Meite, Jeremy Masbou, Gwenaël Imfeld
Although pesticides undergo degradation tests prior to use, determining their export, degradation and persistence under field conditions remains a challenge for water resource management. Compound specific isotope analysis (CSIA) can provide evidence of contaminant degradation extent, as it is generally independent of non-destructive dissipation (e.g., dilution, sorption, volatilization) regulating environmental concentrations. While this approach has been successfully implemented in subsurface environments, its application to pesticides in near-surface hydrological contexts at catchment scale is lacking...
March 29, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649150/self-alignment-mems-imu-method-based-on-the-rotation-modulation-technique-on-a-swing-base
#19
Haifeng Xing, Zhiyong Chen, Haotian Yang, Chengbin Wang, Zhihui Lin, Meifeng Guo
The micro-electro-mechanical-system (MEMS) inertial measurement unit (IMU) has been widely used in the field of inertial navigation due to its small size, low cost, and light weight, but aligning MEMS IMUs remains a challenge for researchers. MEMS IMUs have been conventionally aligned on a static base, requiring other sensors, such as magnetometers or satellites, to provide auxiliary information, which limits its application range to some extent. Therefore, improving the alignment accuracy of MEMS IMU as much as possible under swing conditions is of considerable value...
April 12, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644603/assessment-of-intake-of-copper-and-lead-by-sheep-grazing-on-a-shooting-range-for-small-arms-a-case-study
#20
Ida Vaa Johnsen, Espen Mariussen, Øyvind Voie
The Norwegian Armed Forces' shooting ranges contain contamination by metals such as lead (Pb) and copper (Cu) and are often used as grazing pastures for livestock. To determine whether the sheep were at risk from grazing at a shooting range in Nord-Trøndelag (the Leksdalen shooting field), a study was conducted wherein the aim was to determine the amount of soil the sheep were eating, the accumulation of Cu and Pb in the livers of lambs grazing on the shooting ranges, and the accumulation of Pb and Cu in the grass...
April 11, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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