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Hai-jun Deng, Zhi-gang Wei, Li Zhen, Guo-xin Li, Xiang-cheng Uang, San-hua Qing
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effect of intraoperative and early postoperative continuous hyperthermic pertioneal perfusion chemotherapy (CHPPC) for gastric cancer. METHODS: Eight-five patients with gastric cancer were randomized into therapeutic group with perioperative CHPPC combined with intravenous chemotherapy (n=44) and control group with intravenous chemotherapy only (n=41). The postoperative complications, adverse effects, local recurrence rates, distant metastasis rates, and 1- and 3-year survival rates were compared between two groups...
February 2009: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1957: Archives des Maladies Professionnelles de Médecine du Travail et de Sécurité Sociale
A S Jaiswal, U K Misra, S K Bansal
The characteristics of protein kinase C activity present in guinea pig alveolar and peritoneal macrophages have been compared and examined. The activity is predominantly cytosolic with preference for phosphatidyl serine as cofactor over other phospholipids. K(m) of protein kinase C for ATP is 30.30 and 54.05 microM in alveolar and peritoneal macrophages respectively. Scatchard plot analysis shows heterogenous binding sites for [3H]PDBu in alveolar macrophages in contrast to peritoneal macrophages showing homogeneous type of binding sites...
April 1996: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics
S Kadanali, O Erten, T Kücüközkan
The effects of pelvic and periaortic peritoneal closure or (non-closure) on morbidity and adhesion formation were prospectively compared in 102 patients with ovarian cancer who had undergone a pelvic and periaortic lymphadenectomy. Hysterectomy with bilateral salpingoophorectomy, bilateral pelvic and periaortic lymphadenectomy, omentectomy, appendectomy and lysis of pelvic adhesions for the standardization of initial adhesion scores was performed on all patients. The pelvic and periaortic peritoneum were re-approximated in group I (n = 50) patients, and left open in group II (n = 52) patients...
June 1996: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
M W Barth, P S Morahan
Lewis lung (3LL) peritoneal carcinomatosis elicits a complex host response in the peritoneal compartment. The response was delayed, showing few inflammatory cells through day 6 after lethal challenge with 3LL cells. Responses began in about half the mice on day 7 and had appeared in all mice by day 11. On day 7, some mice still showed no detectable 3LL growth in the pertioneal lavage fluid, and no differences in the peritoneal cell populations as compared with the control group. Other tumor-bearing mice, however, had evidence of 3LL cells and hemorrhagic ascites in the peritoneal compartment, with increased numbers of peritoneal macrophages (PM) and polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN)...
April 1994: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
G Leblondel, P Allain
Aluminium chloride, nitrate, lactate and gluconate was injected by intraperitoneal route to mice at equimolecular doses, equivalent to 54 and 5.4 mg/kg of metal. The blood aluminium concentrations were increased to very high values with gluconate (99.5 mg/l) to high values with lactate (4.5 mg/l) and to low values with nitrate and chloride (0.3 mg/l). Brain aluminium concentration was increased only with glutconate at the dose of 54 mg/kg. The quantity of aluminium found in blood and brain after intraperitoneal administration at equimolecular doses is very dependent of the preparation of aluminium used...
March 1980: Research Communications in Chemical Pathology and Pharmacology
L J Olson, M T Hsia, B L Kreamer, R D Hinsdill
The acute immunomodulatory effects of the environmental and occupational contaminant, 3,3',4,4'-tetrachloroazoxybenzene (TCAOB), were investigated on selected immune parameters in weanling and adult Sprague-Dawley rats. Significant immunotoxic effects were found 17 days after 4 doses of 25 mg/kg TCAOB, administered i.p. The main non-immune toxic effects were decreased body, kidney, heart and testis weights, and a simultaneous increase in liver weight. The immune parameters showing significant suppression were: thymic weight, splenic plaque forming cell populations and function, pertioneal macrophage chemiluminescence, and bone marrow cellularity...
September 28, 1984: Toxicology
K W Batchelor, D R Stanworth
A comparison has been made of the histamine-releasing characteristics of rat mast cells of pleural and peritoneal origin in response to a wide variety of immunological and non-immunological stimuli, namely, IgE antibody-antigen interaction; rabbit anti-rat antibody; concanvalin A (Con A); ACTH (1-24) polypeptide (Synacthen); a decapeptide comprising an amino acid sequence (497-506) within the human gamma-chain (Stanworth, Kings, Roy, Moran & Moran, 1979); adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the calcium ionophore...
October 1980: Immunology
P Börner, H Deicher, I Bähr, H H Chalius, G Ghani, H Geldmacher, I W Henke, L Kindermann, V Marks
Intravenously administered IgG anti-D permits a prophylatic rhesus sensitization. The size of the dose of immunoglobulin is adapted to the fetomaternal blood transfusion. The procedure is highly reliable in individual cases. The results acquired from a large control group, however, are not significantly better than the results obtained by other authors with intramuscular administration of IgG anti-D. Of the 1216 rh-negative mothers who were given follow-up checks, 1208 showed no active D-antibody formation as late as 7 months postpartum...
June 1976: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
C C Ting, H Kirchner, D Rodrigues, J Y Park, R B Herberman
By employing the 125IUdR release cytotoxicity assay, we have been able to measure the primary and secondary cell-mediated cytotoxic response of C57BL/6 mice to FBL-3 cells, a syngeneic Friend virus-induced leukemia. It was found that the secondary cell-mediated cytotoxic response occurred more rapidly after challenge (within 3 days) than the primary response, and the levels of reactivity were considerably higher. As in the primary response, the secondary cytotoxic reactivity of spleen cells was T cell dependent, being eliminated by pretreatment with anti-theta antibody plus complement...
January 1976: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
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