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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431599/usefulness-of-ilae-2010-classification-in-mexican-epilepsy-patients
#1
Ildefonso Rodríguez Leyva, Juan Francisco Hernández Gómez, Fernando Cortés Enríquez, Juan Francisco Hernández Sierra
OBJECTIVE: Advances in neuroimaging, genomics, and molecular biology have improved the understanding of the pathogenesis of epilepsy. That is why the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) has created a new classification system. The present study aims to evaluate the association between epilepsy cases classified by the ILAE 2010 classification proposal, electroencephalography (EEG), and magnetic resonance imaging brain findings (MRI). METHODS: Prospective cross-sectional design of 277 cases of epilepsy seen at the Epilepsy Clinic, Hospital Central "Dr...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425015/the-new-classification-of-seizures-by-the-international-league-against-epilepsy-2017
#2
REVIEW
Robert S Fisher
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review presents the newly developed International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) 2017 classification of seizure types. RECENT FINDINGS: The fundamental distinction is between seizures that begin focally in one hemisphere of the brain, generalized onset seizures that apparently originate in both hemispheres, and seizures of unknown onset. Focal seizures optionally can be subclassified according to whether awareness (a surrogate marker for consciousness) is intact or impaired...
June 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408282/an-overview-of-the-2017-ilae-operational-classification-of-seizure-types
#3
EDITORIAL
Robert S Fisher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398805/make-refugee-health-care-great-again
#4
Ann M Philbrick, Cherilyn M Wicks, Ila M Harris, Grant M Shaft, James S Van Vooren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397814/subtypes-of-physical-frailty-latent-class-analysis-and-associations-with-clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes
#5
Li-Kuo Liu, Chao-Yu Guo, Wei-Ju Lee, Liang-Yu Chen, An-Chun Hwang, Ming-Hsien Lin, Li-Ning Peng, Liang-Kung Chen, Kung-Yee Liang
Frailty is a well-recognized geriatric syndrome with various definitions and conceptual frameworks. This study aimed to use latent class analysis to discover potential subtypes of pre-frail and frail older people. Data from the I-Lan Longitudinal Aging Study (ILAS), a community-based cohort study was used for analysis. Latent class analysis was applied to characterize classes or subgroups with different frailty phenotypes among ILAS participants targeting older adults aged 65 and above, capable of completing a 6-meter walk, without severe major or life threatening diseases, and not institutionalized...
April 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395090/immune-cell-infiltrates-in-hippocampal-sclerosis-correlation-with-neuronal-loss
#6
Jian-Qiang Lu, Trevor A Steve, Matt Wheatley, Donald W Gross
Immune mechanisms have been increasingly recognized in the pathogenesis of hippocampal sclerosis (HS), but infiltration of cytotoxic T-cells and its pathological significance in patients with HS has not been explored. We examined 30 cases of surgically resected hippocampi, including 16 International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) type 1, 9 ILAE type 2, 1 ILAE type 3 HS, and 4 ILAE No-HS, as well as 6 autopsy No-HS hippocampi. The HS hippocampi showed sparse to scattered CD8-positive T-cells, rare CD4-positive T-cells, and a modest increase in CD68-positive microglia/macrophages, which were significantly more numerous than those in the No-HS controls...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392567/engineering-exosomes-as-refined-biological-nanoplatforms-for-drug-delivery
#7
REVIEW
Xin Luan, Kanokwan Sansanaphongpricha, Ila Myers, Hongwei Chen, Hebao Yuan, Duxin Sun
Exosomes, a subgroup of extracellular vesicles (EVs), have been recognized as important mediators of long distance intercellular communication and are involved in a diverse range of biological processes. Because of their ideal native structure and characteristics, exosomes are promising nanocarriers for clinical use. Exosomes are engineered at the cellular level under natural conditions, but successful exosome modification requires further exploration. The focus of this paper is to summarize passive and active loading approaches, as well as specific exosome modifications and examples of the delivery of therapeutic and imaging molecules...
April 10, 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391024/endoscopic-intralaminar-approach-for-the-treatment-of-lumbar-disc-herniation
#8
Joachim M Oertel, Benedikt W Burkhardt
BACKGROUND: Almost every surgical approach carries the risk to cause some degree of spinal instability, especially in case of excessive resection of the lamina and facet joint. This study describes the endoscopic intralaminar approach (ILA) for the treatment of cranially and caudally migrated lumbar disc herniation. METHODS: Thirty-one patients who underwent endoscopic ILA for 26 caudally and 5 cranially migrated lumbar disc herniation were identified from a prospectively database...
April 5, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380661/characterising-subtypes-of-hippocampal-sclerosis-and-reorganization-correlation-with-pre-and-postoperative-memory-deficit
#9
Anaclara Prada Jardim, Joan Liu, Jack Baber, Zuzanna Michalak, Cheryl Reeves, Matthew Ellis, Jan Novy, Jane de Tisi, Andrew McEvoy, Anna Miserocchi, Elza Marcia Targas Yacubian, Sanjay Sisodiya, Pamela Thompson, Maria Thom
Neuropathological subtypes of hippocampal sclerosis (HS) in temporal lobe epilepsy (The 2013 International League Against Epilepsy classification) are based on the qualitative assessment of patterns of neuronal loss with NeuN. In practice, some cases appear indeterminate between type 1 (CA1 and CA4 loss) and type 2 HS (CA1 loss) and we predicted that MAP2 would enable a more stringent classification. HS subtypes, as well as the accompanying alteration of axonal networks, regenerative capacity and neurodegeneration have been previously correlated with outcome and memory deficits and may provide prognostic clinical information...
April 5, 2017: Brain Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374950/remission-in-epilepsy-how-long-is-enough
#10
Matti Sillanpää, Dieter Schmidt, Maiju M Saarinen, Shlomo Shinnar
OBJECTIVE: The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) has proposed to expand the definition of remission to 10 years seizure-free with the last 5 years off antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). We examined if a 10-year remission is needed to predict the lowest recurrence risk. METHODS: The population-based study cohort consisted of 148 patients with new-onset childhood epilepsy living in the catchment area of Turku University Hospital. They were prospectively followed for 44 years (median)...
April 4, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364691/incidence-of-seizures-following-initial-ischemic-stroke-in-a-community-based-cohort-the-framingham-heart-study
#11
Maria Stefanidou, Rohit R Das, Alexa S Beiser, Banu Sundar, Margaret Kelly-Hayes, Carlos S Kase, Orrin Devinsky, Sudha Seshadri, Daniel Friedman
PURPOSE: We examined the incidence of seizures following ischemic stroke in a community-based sample. METHODS: All subjects with incident ischemic strokes in the Framingham Original and Offspring cohorts between 1982 and 2003 were identified and followed for up to 20 years to determine incidence of seizures. Seizure-type was based on the 2010 International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) classification. Disability was stratified into mild/none, moderate and severe, based on post-stroke neurological deficit documentation according to the Framingham Heart Study (FHS) protocol and functional status was determined using the Barthel Index...
April 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351218/association-among-serum-igf-1-frailty-muscle-mass-bone-mineral-density-and-physical-performance-among-community-dwelling-middle-aged-and-older-adults-in-taiwan
#12
Liang-Yu Chen, Yi-Hui Wu, Li-Kuo Liu, Wei-Ju Lee, An-Chun Hwang, Li-Ning Peng, Ming-Hsien Lin, Liang-Kung Chen
BACKGROUND: Aging is featured by the complex interrelationship between among body composition, frailty status and physical performance. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the association between among serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), body composition, and physical function among community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly population in Taiwan. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study by using the data of I-Lan Longitudinal Aging Study (ILAS), which recruited a total of 1,833 community-dwelling people aged 50 years and older...
March 29, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322853/the-role-of-histopathologic-subtype-in-the-setting-of-hippocampal-sclerosis-associated-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#13
Jordan M Gales, Lara Jehi, Amy Nowacki, Richard A Prayson
Hippocampal sclerosis (HS) and focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) are among the most common neuropathological findings in those undergoing surgery for refractory mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). Existing data regarding differences among the most recent International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) HS subtypes remains limited. This study sought to characterize the roles of HS subtype and coexistent FCD. Epilepsy surgery pathologic specimens in 307 cases of temporal lobe epilepsy with HS were reviewed (mean age ± SD, 37 ± 15 years, 56% women)...
March 17, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299938/synthesis-of-substituted-benzo-b-thiophenes-via-sequential-one-pot-copper-catalyzed-intermolecular-c-s-bond-formation-and-palladium-catalyzed-intramolecular-arene-alkene-coupling-of-bis-het-aryl-alkyl-1-3-monothiodiketones-and-o-bromoiodoarenes
#14
Somaraju Yugandar, Saidulu Konda, Hiriyakkanavar Ila
A new, convergent, one-pot synthesis of 2,3-substituted benzo[b]thiophenes from readily available 1,3-bis(het)aryl-1,3-monothiodiketones and o-bromoiodoarenes involving a sequential copper-catalyzed intermolecular C-S coupling followed by palladium-catalyzed intramolecular arene-alkene coupling of in situ generated β-(o-bromoaryl)thiovinylketones has been described. Synthesis of a few thieno- and furano-fused 2-(het)aroylethylidenethiochromenes via intramolcular direct C-H (het)arylation of β-(o-bromoaryl)thioenones carrying 2-thienyl/furyl groups under different palladium-catalyzed conditions has also been reported...
April 7, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295708/seasonal-alterations-in-the-daily-rhythms-in-hypothalamic-expression-of-genes-involved-in-the-photoperiodic-transduction-and-neurosteroid-dependent-processes-in-migratory-blackheaded-buntings
#15
Ila Mishra, Devraj Singh, Vinod Kumar
This study investigated seasonal alterations in the daily rhythms of hypothalamic expression of genes involved in the photoperiodic regulation of annual cycles in birds. We measured 4-hourly mRNA expression of genes involved in the photoperiodic transduction (OPN5, EYA3, CGA, TSHβ, DIO2, DIO3) and neurosteroid-dependent processes (AR, CYP19, ERα, ERβ) in the hypothalamus of migratory blackheaded buntings photoinduced with photosensitive, photostimulated (early and late stimulated) and photorefractory seasonal states...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294303/a-disease-disorder-illness-or-condition-how-to-label-epilepsy
#16
A J Noble, A Robinson, A G Marson
The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) is an important source of guidance for health professionals when it comes to epilepsy. Their latest recommendation that epilepsy should no longer be called a "disorder," but a "disease" has though caused controversy. The ILAE contends the change will improve epilepsy's image. Some clinicians and other organizations fear the change may not though be accepted by patients as in common parlance "disease" can be associated with "contagiousness"/"infection." To allow practicing clinicians to make informed judgements about what language they use, we completed the first study to assess the preferences of those with epilepsy and significant others and explore if any of their characteristics were associated with preference...
March 14, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276064/instruction-manual-for-the-ilae-2017-operational-classification-of-seizure-types
#17
Robert S Fisher, J Helen Cross, Carol D'Souza, Jacqueline A French, Sheryl R Haut, Norimichi Higurashi, Edouard Hirsch, Floor E Jansen, Lieven Lagae, Solomon L Moshé, Jukka Peltola, Eliane Roulet Perez, Ingrid E Scheffer, Andreas Schulze-Bonhage, Ernest Somerville, Michael Sperling, Elza Márcia Yacubian, Sameer M Zuberi
This companion paper to the introduction of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) 2017 classification of seizure types provides guidance on how to employ the classification. Illustration of the classification is enacted by tables, a glossary of relevant terms, mapping of old to new terms, suggested abbreviations, and examples. Basic and extended versions of the classification are available, depending on the desired degree of detail. Key signs and symptoms of seizures (semiology) are used as a basis for categories of seizures that are focal or generalized from onset or with unknown onset...
April 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276062/ilae-classification-of-the-epilepsies-position-paper-of-the-ilae-commission-for-classification-and-terminology
#18
Ingrid E Scheffer, Samuel Berkovic, Giuseppe Capovilla, Mary B Connolly, Jacqueline French, Laura Guilhoto, Edouard Hirsch, Satish Jain, Gary W Mathern, Solomon L Moshé, Douglas R Nordli, Emilio Perucca, Torbjörn Tomson, Samuel Wiebe, Yue-Hua Zhang, Sameer M Zuberi
The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) Classification of the Epilepsies has been updated to reflect our gain in understanding of the epilepsies and their underlying mechanisms following the major scientific advances that have taken place since the last ratified classification in 1989. As a critical tool for the practicing clinician, epilepsy classification must be relevant and dynamic to changes in thinking, yet robust and translatable to all areas of the globe. Its primary purpose is for diagnosis of patients, but it is also critical for epilepsy research, development of antiepileptic therapies, and communication around the world...
April 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276060/operational-classification-of-seizure-types-by-the-international-league-against-epilepsy-position-paper-of-the-ilae-commission-for-classification-and-terminology
#19
Robert S Fisher, J Helen Cross, Jacqueline A French, Norimichi Higurashi, Edouard Hirsch, Floor E Jansen, Lieven Lagae, Solomon L Moshé, Jukka Peltola, Eliane Roulet Perez, Ingrid E Scheffer, Sameer M Zuberi
The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) presents a revised operational classification of seizure types. The purpose of such a revision is to recognize that some seizure types can have either a focal or generalized onset, to allow classification when the onset is unobserved, to include some missing seizure types, and to adopt more transparent names. Because current knowledge is insufficient to form a scientifically based classification, the 2017 Classification is operational (practical) and based on the 1981 Classification, extended in 2010...
April 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274064/prosthetic-rehabilitation-of-completely-blind-subject-with-bilateral-customised-ocular-prosthesis-a-case-report
#20
Chetan Pathak, Salil Pawah, Gurpreet Singh, Ila Yadav, Shrey Kundra
The special sensory organs play significant role in our daily lives. Until one of them is totally or partially lost, its real value is not fully appreciated. The most tragic, yet common loss of sensory organ is that of an eye. Restoration of unilateral ocular defects is very challenging for a maxillofacial prosthodontist and requires great skill to mimic bilateral eye. Restoration of bilateral defects using customized eye prosthesis presents even more difficult task for clinician especially in communication with patient, impression procedures, and patient education regarding insertion, removal and maintenance of prosthesis...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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