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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346645/facial-trauma-caused-by-electronic-cigarette-explosion
#1
Brian Vaught, Joseph Spellman, Anil Shah, Alexander Stewart, David Mullin
Electronic cigarettes are increasingly popular as a supposed safer alternative to tobacco cigarettes or a smoking cessation tool. Research and debate have focused primarily on possible adverse effects caused by the inhaled aerosol produced by electronic cigarettes and on smoking cessation efficacy. Few reports in the medical literature describe injuries secondary to device malfunction. We present a case of electronic cigarette explosion, with a projectile fracturing the patient's right naso-orbital-ethmoid complex and anterior and posterior frontal sinus tables, with frontal sinus outflow tract involvement...
March 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346036/assessing-the-relationship-between-mental-distress-and-tobacco-use-in-post-katrina-and-rita-louisiana
#2
Snigdha Mukherjee, Melanie Canterberry, Jennifer B Yore, Edward Cannon Ledford, Thomas W Carton
BACKGROUND: The relationship between mental health status and smoking is complicated and often confounded by bi-directionality, yet most research on this relationship assumes exogeneity. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this article is to implement an instrumental variable approach to (1) test the exogeneity assumption and (2) report on the association between mental health status and smoking post-disaster. METHODS: This analysis utilizes the 2006 and 2007 Louisiana Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey to examine the link between mental distress and smoking in areas affected by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita...
March 27, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345836/assessing-the-effect-of-waterpipe-smoking-on-cancer-outcome-a-systematic-review-of-current-evidence
#3
Kamran Habib Awan, Kamran Siddiqi, Shankargouda Patil, Quratul Ann Hussain
Background: Waterpipe smoking (WPS) is widely believed to be a safe and hazard-free tobacco habit. However, a number of studies have indicated that exposure to several toxicants and carcinogens through WPS is strongly related to serious health hazards. The current paper presents a narrative review on the effects of WPS on cancer outcome. Methods: The addressed focused question was “Is there an association between waterpipe smoking and cancer outcome?” PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, ISI Web of Science and the Cochrane databases were searched until June 2015 using the key words “Waterpipe”, “Hookah”, “Narghileh”, “Shisha”, “Hubbly Bubbly” “cancer” in various combinations...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345684/-analysis-of-changes-in-radiographic-lung-image-and-lung-ventilation-disorders-in-workers-occupationally-exposed-to-chrysotile-in-the-past
#4
Elżbieta Cwynar, Beata Świątkowska, Jarosław Tomczyk
BACKGROUND: The adverse health effects of occupational exposure to asbestos dust may occur several years after first exposure. The objective of the study was to assess the relationship between lesions in the respiratory system and the factors contributing to occupational exposure to asbestos described in the first medical examination as well as to analyze the factors responsible for the progression of these changes in further medical tests. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group comprised 591 former workers of asbestos processing plant "Gambit" in Lubawka...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345330/relationship-of-lifetime-exposure-to-tobacco-alcohol-and-second-hand-tobacco-smoke-with-upper-aero-digestive-tract-cancers-in-india-a-case-control-study-with-a-life-course-perspective
#5
Bhawna Gupta, Narinder Kumar, Newell W Johnson
Background: Squamous cell carcinomas of the upper aero-digestive tract (UADTSCC) are a multifaceted public health problem. Effects of lifestyle risk factors, including tobacco (chewing and smoking), alcohol drinking and exposure to second hand tobacco smoke (SHS) at home and their association with UADT cancers was assessed in a case-control study with a life-course perspective. The study was conducted at two different hospitals in Pune, India. Material and methods: The total sample size (N=480) included 240 histopathologically confirmed cases of UADT cancers and an equal number of controls frequency matched with cases by gender and age distribution (+5 years)...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345328/esophageal-cancer-and-associated-factors-among-uzbek-turkmen-and-other-ethnic-groups-in-the-northern-part-of-afghanistan
#6
Mohammad Hassan Hamrah, Mohammad Shoaib Hamrah, Mitsuro Kanda, Junichi Sakamoto, Mohammad Hussain Hamrah, Asif Hami, Ahmad Edris Hamrah, Ahmad Elias Dahi, Mohammad Hashem Hamrah
Background: A high incidence rate of esophageal cancer has been observed in the Northern part of Afghanistan, particularly among those of Uzbek-Turkmen ethnicity. However, there is a paucity of published data from which to compare the prevalence of environmental risk factors for esophageal cancer between Uzbek-Turkmen and other ethnic groups. Thus, we investigated the prevalence of environmental risk factors associated with esophageal cancer in the Northern part of Afghanistan, focusing on ethnicity differences...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344543/chinese-immigrant-men-smokers-sources-of-cigarettes-in-canada-a-qualitative-study
#7
Aimei Mao, Joan L Bottorff, John L Oliffe, Gayl Sarbit, Mary T Kelly
BACKGROUND: Immigrants often experience economic hardship in their host country and tend to belong to economically disadvantaged groups. Individuals of lower socioeconomic status tend to be more sensitive to cigarette price changes. This study explores the cigarette purchasing patterns among Chinese Canadian male immigrants. METHODS: Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 22 Chinese Canadian immigrants who were smoking or had quit smoking in the last five years...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342844/a-system-dynamics-modelling-approach-to-assess-the-impact-of-launching-a-new-nicotine-product-on-population-health-outcomes
#8
Andrew Hill, Oscar M Camacho
In 2012 the US FDA suggested the use of mathematical models to assess the impact of releasing new nicotine or tobacco products on population health outcomes. A model based on system dynamics methodology was developed to project the potential effects of a new nicotine product at a population level. A model representing traditional smoking populations (never, current and former smokers) and calibrated using historical data was extended to a two-product model by including electronic cigarettes use statuses. Smoking mechanisms, such as product initiation, switching, transition to dual use, and cessation, were represented as flows between smoking statuses (stocks) and the potential effect of smoking renormalisation through a feedback system...
March 22, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342700/nicotine-replacement-therapy-in-patients-with-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-survey-of-canadian-practice
#9
REVIEW
Ricky D Turgeon, Stephano J Chang, Charlotte Dandurand, Peter A Gooderham, Camille Hunt
Tobacco smoke increases the risk of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), as well as complications such as vasospasm. Most patients presenting with aneurysmal SAH smoke, and many survivors continue to smoke after discharge. Neurosurgeons often hesitate to use nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) during hospitalization of patients with SAH due to concerns of inducing vasospasm. We aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy, and patterns of use of NRT in smokers hospitalized for SAH. We performed a systematic review of MEDLINE, CENTRAL, Embase, and unpublished sources of literature to October 2016 for randomized and observational studies comparing exposure to non-exposure of smoking cessation products in the acute phase of aneurysmal SAH...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342450/scientific-feuds-polemics-and-ad-hominem-arguments-in-basic-and-special-interest-genetics
#10
Elof Axel Carlson
Scientific disputes are commonly presented and settled in journal publications. Most are resolved by a weighing of evidence and new findings. In some cases the arguments are personal and in the form of ad hominem attacks on the personality or integrity of an author of a journal article. Many famous scientists (e.g., Galileo, Newton, and Hooke) used ad hominem arguments in responding to their critics. William Bateson, W.F.R. Weldon, William Castle, and H.J. Muller used ad hominem arguments in their publications until the end of World War I, when editorial policy of journals changed...
January 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342264/pdgfra-mrna-is-overexpressed-in-oral-cancer-patients-as-compared-to-normal-subjects-with-a-significant-trend-of-overexpression-among-tobacco-users
#11
Hui Shan Ong, Sandhya Gokavarapu, Zhen Tian, Jiang Li, Qin Xu, Cao Wei, Chen Ping Zhang
BACKGROUND: Platelet derived growth factors alpha (PDGFA) is a tyrosine kinase receptor activator which known to be amplified in the malignancies and their expression levels are correlated to tumor progression and reduced overall survival. The expression of PDGFRA is different among the tumors and normal tissues, furthermore; their expression level is site-specific. Under a physiological condition, PDGFRA and its ligand are expressed in distinct cell populations and activated in a paracrine manner...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342142/smoking-prevalence-among-users-of-primary-healthcare-units-in-brazil-the-role-of-religiosity
#12
Edson Zangiacomi Martinez, Flávia Masili Giglio, Natalia Akemi Yamada Terada, Anderson Soares da Silva, Miriane Lucindo Zucoloto
The objective of this cross-sectional study is to examine the association between religious involvement and tobacco use in a large representative sample of users of primary healthcare units of Ribeirão Preto, Southeast Brazil. Current and past smoking habits were determined among 1055 users of primary healthcare units. Participants' religiosity was measured using the DUREL questionnaire. The prevalence of smoking among men was 16.8% [95% confidence interval (CI) 12.0-22.5] and among women was 12.6% (95% CI 10...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341291/attitudes-of-students-of-a-health-sciences-university-towards-the-extension-of-smoke-free-policies-at-the-university-campuses-of-barcelona-spain
#13
Cristina Martínez, Carlos Méndez, María Sánchez, José María Martínez-Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: To assess attitudes towards the extension of outdoor smoke-free areas on university campuses. METHODS: Cross-sectional study (n=384) conducted using a questionnaire administered to medical and nursing students in Barcelona in 2014. Information was obtained pertaining to support for indoor and outdoor smoking bans on university campuses, and the importance of acting as role models. Logistic regression analyses were performed to examine agreement. RESULTS: Most of the students agreed on the importance of health professionals and students as role models (74...
March 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340515/inflammatory-potential-of-diet-and-risk-of-oral-and-pharyngeal-cancer-in-a-large-case-control-study-from-italy
#14
Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Valentina Rosato, Werner Garavello, Diego Serraino, Carlo La Vecchia
Diet and inflammation have been suggested to be important risk factors for oral and pharyngeal cancer. We examined the association between dietary inflammatory index (DII) and oral and pharyngeal cancer in a large case-control study conducted between 1992 and 2009 in Italy. This study included 946 cases with incident, histologically confirmed oral and pharyngeal cancer, and 2492 controls hospitalized for acute non-neoplastic diseases. The DII was computed based on dietary intake assessed by a valid 78-item food frequency questionnaire and was adjusted for non-alcohol energy intake using the residual approach (E-DII)...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340238/cigarette-smoke-exposure-worsens-endotoxin-induced-lung-injury-and-pulmonary-edema-in-mice
#15
Jeffrey E Gotts, Jason Abbott, Xiaohui Fang, Haru Yanagisawa, Naoki Takasaka, Stephen L Nishimura, Carolyn S Calfee, Michael A Matthay
Introduction: Cigarette smoking (CS) remains a major public health concern and has recently been associated with an increased risk of developing acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) experiments in human volunteers have demonstrated that active smokers develop increased alveolar-epithelial barrier permeability to protein after inhaling lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Here we tested the hypothesis that short-term whole-body CS exposure would increase LPS-induced lung edema in mice...
March 9, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340231/prevalence-and-determinants-of-premature-menopause-among-indian-women-issues-and-challenges-ahead
#16
Suresh Banayya Jungari, Bal Govind Chauhan
Premature menopause refers to the occurrence of menopause in women less than 40 years of age. This heterogeneous disorder affects 1 percent and 0.1 percent of women less than 40 and 30 years of age, respectively. The study reported in this article attempts to understand the prevalence and determinants of premature menopause among Indian women by studying the effects of various socioeconomic indicators, such as age, education, wealth index, rural-urban settlement, work status, religion, and caste, on women. The study analyzed the National Family Health Survey-3, which is equivalent to the Demographic Health Survey in India...
March 9, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340148/characteristics-of-hookah-tobacco-smoking-sessions-and-correlates-of-use-frequency-among-us-adults-findings-from-wave-1-of-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-path-study
#17
Joelle Robinson, Baoguang Wang, Kia Jackson, Elisabeth Donaldson, Chase Ryant
Introduction: Hookah tobacco smoking has increased in the US. However, information on hookah use frequency and other characteristics of hookah use is limited. Methods: Investigators analyzed data from Wave 1 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study, a nationally representative, longitudinal cohort study of US youth and adults. Our analysis draws on baseline data from adult (ages ≥18 years) ever (N=10,624) and past year (n=3,947) hookah users...
March 9, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340136/the-effect-of-a-class-smoke-free-pledge-on-breath-carbon-monoxide-in-arabic-male-adolescents
#18
Nihaya A Al-Sheyab, Yousef S Khader, Smita Shah, Jessica K Roydhouse, Robyn Gallagher
Introduction: Arabic male adolescents have a high smoking prevalence. Introduction of "Class smoke-free" pledges have been successful amongst European adolescents but have not been evaluated using objective valid measures. We tested the impact of adding a smoke free pledge strategy to a proven peer-led asthma and smoking prevention program on breath carbon monoxide level (BCO) in male high-school students in Jordan. Methods: We enrolled male students from four high-schools in Irbid, Jordan...
March 3, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340126/association-between-socioeconomic-status-and-access-to-care-and-quitting-smoking-with-and-without-assistance
#19
Sarah A Edwards, Russell C Callaghan, Robert E Mann, Susan J Bondy
Introduction: Socio-economic disparities in smoking rates persist, in Ontario, despite public health care and universal tobacco control policies. Mechanisms for continuing disparities are not fully understood. Unequal access or utilization of assistance for cessation may contribute. The objective of this research was to use longitudinal data on smokers to examine the associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and access to care measures and assisted and unassisted quit attempts. Methods: Data were taken from 3578 smokers with at least one follow-up interview participating in the Ontario Tobacco Survey (OTS)...
March 10, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340053/does-the-regulatory-environment-for-e-cigarettes-influence-the-effectiveness-of-e-cigarettes-for-smoking-cessation-longitudinal-findings-from-the-itc-four-country-survey
#20
Hua-Hie Yong, Sara C Hitchman, K Michael Cummings, Ron Borland, Shannon M L Gravely, Ann McNeill, Geoffrey T Fong
Introduction: To date, no studies have explored how different regulatory environments may influence the effectiveness of ECs as a smoking cessation aid. Objective: This study compares the real-world effectiveness of adult smokers using ECs for quitting compared with quitting unassisted or quitting with NRT and/or prescription medications in two countries with restrictive policies towards ECs (i.e., Canada and Australia) versus two countries with less restrictive policies (i...
March 4, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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