keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Tobacco smoke

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933238/high-particulate-matter-emission-from-additive-free-natural-american-spirit-cigarettes
#1
Yvonne Iffland, Ruth Müller, David Groneberg, Alexander Gerber
BACKGROUND: Involuntary exposure to health-threatening environmental tobacco smoke (Combined Mainstream and Side-stream Smoke, CMSS) is a worldwide problem, causing premature death of thousands of people. CMSS consists of particulate matter (PM), one of the main sources of indoor air pollution. PM constitutes a considerable health risk for passive smokers. It is important to inform the public about brand-specific differences in CMSS-associated PM, especially in the case of brands without additives, which are therefore promoted as natural and less health-threatening...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932840/should-dental-teams-be-doing-more-to-make-adolescents-aware-of-the-health-risks-of-water-pipe-tobacco-smoking-shisha
#2
D Wright, H Burrow, D Hurst
The prevalence of waterpipe tobacco smoking (also known as shisha, hookah, narghile or hubble bubble) is increasing worldwide and is especially popular among adolescents of all cultures, ethnicities and socio-economic backgrounds. This increased prevalence is thought to be due to a number of factors including the relationship between the social aspect of waterpipe smoking and a thriving café culture, lack of regulatory or policy framework specific to waterpipe use, the perception of reduced harm and the evolution of social media...
December 9, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932811/a-pilot-study-of-the-gingival-response-when-smokers-switch-from-smoking-to-vaping
#3
R Wadia, V Booth, H F Yap, D L Moyes
Introduction Tobacco smoking is one of the most important risk factors for periodontitis as it alters the host response to plaque. Although the prevalence of tobacco smoking has declined in recent years, the use of electronic-cigarettes (vaping) has increased. The effect of vaping on the gingiva is unknown and an evidence-base needs to be established before providing dental advice about the use of these products.Objective To compare the gingival health of a group of established smokers before and after substituting vaping for smoking tobacco...
December 9, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932786/state-medicaid-expansion-tobacco-cessation-coverage-and-number-of-adult-smokers-enrolled-in-expansion-coverage-united-states-2016
#4
Anne DiGiulio, Meredith Haddix, Zach Jump, Stephen Babb, Anna Schecter, Kisha-Ann S Williams, Kat Asman, Brian S Armour
In 2015, 27.8% of adult Medicaid enrollees were current cigarette smokers, compared with 11.1% of adults with private health insurance, placing Medicaid enrollees at increased risk for smoking-related disease and death (1). In addition, smoking-related diseases are a major contributor to Medicaid costs, accounting for about 15% (>$39 billion) of annual Medicaid spending during 2006-2010 (2). Individual, group, and telephone counseling and seven Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved medications are effective treatments for helping tobacco users quit (3)...
December 9, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932780/consumption-of-combustible-and-smokeless-tobacco-united-states-2000-2015
#5
Teresa W Wang, Brandon Kenemer, Michael A Tynan, Tushar Singh, Brian King
Combustible and smokeless tobacco use causes adverse health outcomes, including cardiovascular disease and multiple types of cancer (1,2). Standard approaches for measuring tobacco use include self-reported surveys of use and consumption estimates based on tobacco excise tax data (3,4). To provide the most recently available tobacco consumption estimates in the United States, CDC used federal excise tax data to estimate total and per capita consumption during 2000-2015 for combustible tobacco (cigarettes, roll-your-own tobacco, pipe tobacco, small cigars, and large cigars) and smokeless tobacco (chewing tobacco and dry snuff)...
December 9, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932628/potential-effectiveness-of-pictorial-warning-labels-that-feature-the-images-and-personal-details-of-real-people
#6
Emily Brennan, Erin Maloney, Yotam Ophir, Joseph N Cappella
INTRODUCTION: Pictorial warning labels (PWL) that use photographs and the personal details of real people whose health has been affected by smoking (testimonial PWL) provide factual information about the consequences of tobacco use. METHODS: 924 adult current smokers participated in an online experiment that tested responses to four types of warning labels: 1) non-testimonial text warning labels (TWL) (currently on packs in the United States); 2) non-testimonial PWL (previously proposed by the United States Food and Drug Administration); 3) image only testimonial PWL (created for this study); 4) image + personal details testimonial PWL (created for study)...
December 8, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932538/investigation-of-solid-particles-in-the-mainstream-aerosol-of-the-tobacco-heating-system-ths2-2-and-mainstream-smoke-of-a-3r4f-reference-cigarette
#7
P Pratte, S Cosandey, C Goujon Ginglinger
Combustion of biomass produces solid carbon particles, whereas their generation is highly unlikely when a biomass is heated instead of being burnt. For instance, in the Tobacco Heating System (THS2.2), the tobacco is heated below 350°C and no combustion takes place. Consequently, at this relatively low temperature, released compounds should form an aerosol consisting of suspended liquid droplets via a homogeneous nucleation process. To verify this assumption, mainstream aerosol generated by the heat-not-burn product, THS2...
December 8, 2016: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931996/changes-in-the-prevalence-of-cigarette-smoking-and-quitting-smoking-determinants-in-adult-inhabitants-of-rural-areas-in-poland-between-2003-and-2012
#8
B Sozańska, N Pearce, M Błaszczyk, A Boznański, P Cullinan
OBJECTIVES: We investigate trends in the prevalence of cigarette smoking among adults at all ages in two time points 9 years apart in two neighbouring rural populations and examine social and respiratory health determinants of quitting smoking. STUDY DESIGN: Repeated cross-sectional study. METHODS: Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted in the same rural area of lower Silesia in Poland in 2003 and 2012. A total of 1328 (91% of adult eligible individuals) in 2003 and 1449 (92% of eligible) in 2012 adult inhabitants were surveyed, 908 people (560 villagers and 348 town inhabitants) participated in both surveys...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931794/hookah-use-among-florida-high-school-students-2011-2014
#9
Tracey E Barnett, Scott L Tomar, Felix E Lorenzo, Jamie R Forrest, Lauren Porter, Matthew J Gurka
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent use of hookah continues to increase in the U.S., even in states that have reported decreases in traditional cigarette use among youth. Hookah use typically involves smoking a moistened, loose, sweetened tobacco product with charcoal as the heat source. METHODS: Data from the 2011-2014 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey were analyzed in 2016 to determine trends in the prevalence of lifetime hookah use (at least once in the adolescent's lifetime) and current hookah use (used in the past 30 days) among high school students (grades 9-12)...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931556/non-physician-health-workers-for-improving-adherence-to-medications-and-healthy-lifestyle-following-acute-coronary-syndrome-24-month-follow-up-study
#10
Krishna Kumar Sharma, Rajeev Gupta, Mukul Mathur, Vishnu Natani, Sailesh Lodha, Sanjeeb Roy, Denis Xavier
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate usefulness of non-physician health workers (NPHW) to improve adherence to medications and lifestyles following acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: We randomized 100 patients at hospital discharge following ACS to NPHW intervention (n=50) or standard care (n=50) in an open label study. NPHW was trained for interventions to improve adherence to medicines - antiplatelets, β-blockers, renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockers and statins and healthy lifestyles...
November 2016: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931347/perception-intention-and-attempts-to-quit-smoking-among-jordanian-adolescents-from-the-irbid-longitudinal-study
#11
R Jaber, Z B Taleb, R Bahelah, P Madhivanan, W Maziak
OBJECTIVE: To describe important tobacco cessation indicators among adolescent smokers from Irbid, Jordan. METHODS: Participants for this study were selected from the Irbid Longitudinal Study of Smoking Behaviour (20082011). A total of 1781 students were enrolled at baseline from 19 of 60 randomly selected schools (participation rate 95%). Only students who reported current smoking at baseline were included in the study (n = 605). RESULTS: Among the study participants, 74...
December 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930577/crosstalk-between-oral-and-general-health-status-in-e-smokers
#12
Marco Tatullo, Stefano Gentile, Francesco Paduano, Luigi Santacroce, Massimo Marrelli
Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) simulates the act of tobacco smoking by vaporizing a mixture of propylene glycol, nicotine, and flavoring agents. e-cigarette has been proposed as a product able to aid to stop smoking. The aim of the study is to verify the clinical variations of periodontal health induced by e-cigarettes use and, moreover, to investigate about the awareness of the e-smokers about their health variations and about their hypothetical need to turn back to smoke combustible cigarettes.This clinical observational pilot study involved 110 out of 350 smokers, who switched to e-cigarette...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930476/combustible-tobacco-and-smokeless-tobacco-use-among-working-adults-united-states-2012-to-2014
#13
Girija Syamlal, Ahmed Jamal, Jacek M Mazurek
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine tobacco use among working adults at least 18 years of age. METHODS: The 2012 to 2014 National Health Interview Survey (n = 105,779) was used to estimate prevalences for cigarette smoking, other combustible tobacco use, and smokeless tobacco use and prevalence odds ratios (PORs) for any tobacco product use among working adults at least 18 years of age, by industry and occupation. RESULTS: Of the estimated 144 million currently employed adults, 17% were cigarette smokers, 7...
December 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929656/epilogue-to-the-special-issue-on-co-occurrence-of-substance-use-and-tobacco
#14
Steven A Schroeder
This paper summarizes The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse special issue and offers suggestions for future steps. People who use alcohol or other addictive substances are much more likely to use tobacco. Yet, clinicians and scientists have long regarded these addiction categories as separate and unrelated. The resultant benign neglect of tobacco use has had disastrous consequences on patients. This special issue is an important step toward remedying that situation. It has reviewed what is known and what more needs to be discovered regarding the co-occurrence of tobacco use disorder (TUD) and other substance use disorders (SUDs)...
December 8, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929609/cadmium-lead-and-depressive-symptoms-analysis-of-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-2012
#15
Melanie C Buser, Franco Scinicariello
BACKGROUND: Several studies have noted an association between tobacco smoke and depression. Cadmium and lead are neurotoxicant components of tobacco smoke. The objective of the present study is to investigate the potential association between blood cadmium (BCd) and blood lead (BPb) with current depressive symptoms in the US adult population. METHODS: We conducted cross-sectional analyses of adult participants (≥ 20 years) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2012 (N = 3,905)...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928149/association-between-passive-smoking-and-hypertension-in-chinese-non-smoking-elderly-women
#16
Lei Wu, Shanshan Yang, Yao He, Miao Liu, Yiyan Wang, Jianhua Wang, Bin Jiang
Although active smoking is linked with hypertension, the effect of environmental tobacco smoke exposure on hypertension has rarely been studied, and the scant epidemiological data available have yielded uncertain findings. Therefore, we conducted a cross-sectional study in a representative urban area of Beijing, China. A two-stage stratified clustering sampling method was performed, and 1078 female participants aged ⩾60 years were included in the analysis. Among the participants without antihypertensive treatment, >2 hours of daily passive cigarette smoking was significantly associated with higher systolic (by 4...
December 8, 2016: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928052/feasibility-of-implementing-a-hospital-based-opt-out-tobacco-cessation-service
#17
Georges J Nahhas, Dianne Wilson, Vince Talbot, Kathleen B Cartmell, Graham W Warren, Benjamin Toll, Matthew J Carpenter, K Michael Cummings
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility and outcomes of implementing a hospital-based "opt-out" tobacco-cessation service. METHODS: In 2014, the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) adopted a policy that all hospitalized patients who self-report using tobacco be referred to tobacco-cessation service. This is a descriptive study of a real-world effort to implement guidelines for a hospital-based cessation service consistent with Joint Commission's standards. Between February-2014 and May-2015, 42,061 adults were admitted to the MUSC Hospital...
December 7, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928048/testing-and-refining-measures-of-secondhand-smoke-exposure-among-smokers-and-non-smokers
#18
Melissa Chapman Haynes, Ann W St Claire, Raymond G Boyle, Anne Betzner
INTRODUCTION: Over the past few decades, tobacco control efforts have made great strides in making smoke-free air the norm; 30 states in the United States have implemented 100% smoke-free laws. Despite this progress, the evolution of the measurement of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure has lagged. METHODS: Cognitive testing was used to explore the functioning and limitations of current SHS surveillance items; many items are frequently used for statewide or national surveillance...
December 7, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926516/frequent-silencing-of-the-candidate-tumor-suppressor-trim58-by-promoter-methylation-in-early-stage-lung-adenocarcinoma
#19
Koichiro Kajiura, Kiyoshi Masuda, Takuya Naruto, Tomohiro Kohmoto, Miki Watabnabe, Mitsuhiro Tsuboi, Hiromitsu Takizawa, Kazuya Kondo, Akira Tangoku, Issei Imoto
In this study, we aimed to identify novel drivers that would be epigenetically altered through aberrant methylation in early-stage lung adenocarcinoma (LADC), regardless of the presence or absence of tobacco smoking-induced epigenetic field defects. Through genome-wide screening for aberrantly methylated CpG islands (CGIs) in 12 clinically uniform, stage-I LADC cases affecting six non-smokers and six smokers, we identified candidate tumor-suppressor genes (TSGs) inactivated by hypermethylation. Through systematic expression analyses of those candidates in panels of additional tumor samples and cell lines treated or not treated with 5-aza-deoxycitidine followed by validation analyses of cancer-specific silencing by CGI hypermethylation using a public database, we identified TRIM58 as the most prominent candidate for TSG...
December 1, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925021/thirdhand-smoke-when-the-danger-is-more-than-you-can-see-or-smell
#20
Luciana Rizzieri Figueiró, Ana Luiza Ziulkoski, Denise Conceição Mesquita Dantas
Recent discussion has focused on another form of exposure to tobacco - thirdhand smoke (THS) - consisting of residual pollutants from cigarette smoke that remain in environments. The main concern with THS is based on the presence and persistence of many toxic compounds, some specific nitrosamines from tobacco that have carcinogenic activity. Little is known about THS, and few people are aware of its existence and potential health repercussions, thus highlighting the need to shed light on the subject and incorporate it into the public health debate, as was done with passive smoking several years ago...
December 1, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
keyword
keyword
26850
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"