keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Tobacco smoke

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351929/prevalence-of-invehicle-smoking-and-secondhand-smoke-exposure-in-uruguay
#1
Laura Llambi, Mary Barros, Carolina Parodi, Antonella Pippo, Virginia Nunez, Mercedes Colomar, Alvaro Ciganda, Fiorella Cavalleri, Juan J Goyeneche, Alicia Aleman
INTRODUCTION: Protection from secondhand smoke (SHS) is one of the fundamental principles of the WHO Framework Convention for Tobacco Control. Objective data on SHS exposure in vehicles in South America is scarce. This study aimed to estimate prevalence of smoking inside vehicles. METHODS: The point prevalence of smoking in vehicles was observed, and a method for estimating smoking prevalence was piloted. RESULTS: We observed 10 011 vehicles...
January 19, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351157/association-between-cotinine-verified-smoking-status-and-risk-of-colorectal-neoplasia
#2
Nam Hee Kim, Yoon Suk Jung, Hyo-Joon Yang, Soo-Kyung Park, Jung Ho Park, Dong Il Park, Chong Il Sohn
GOALS: We evaluated the association of urinary cotinine-verified smoking status with the risk of colorectal neoplasia (CRN). BACKGROUND: Many studies have reported the association between the risk of CRN and smoking status, based on self-reported questionnaires. Although self-reported smoking status may be inaccurate, to our knowledge, no study has yet assessed the association between objective biomarkers of tobacco exposure and the risk of CRN. STUDY: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 96,806 asymptomatic examinees who underwent colonoscopy and urinary cotinine measurements as part of a health check-up...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351139/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-phone-based-intervention-for-smoking-cessation-and-relapse-prevention-in-the-postpartum-period
#3
Victoria H Coleman-Cowger, Katrina S Mark, Zachary R Rosenberry, Bartosz Koszowski, Mishka Terplan
OBJECTIVES: To pilot-test a Phone-based Postpartum Continuing Care (PPCC) protocol developed from existing evidence-based approaches to address both postpartum smoking relapse among low-income women who quit smoking during pregnancy and postpartum smoking increase among those who had cut down. METHODS: One hundred thirty low-income pregnant women who were current or recently quit tobacco smokers were recruited at their first prenatal appointment and randomized to either a Control (standard care) or Experimental (standard care + PPCC) group...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349255/gender-specific-associations-between-involvement-in-team-sport-culture-and-canadian-adolescents-substance-use-behavior
#4
Randy Boyes, Dylan E O'Sullivan, Brooke Linden, Michael McIsaac, William Pickett
Canadian adolescents have some of the highest rates of substance use in the world. The etiology of this phenomenon has not been fully explored, and one possible contextual determinant is involvement in sport activities that foster risk-taking behaviors through physical and social mechanisms. Using the 2013-14 Health Behaviour in School Aged Children (HBSC) study we therefore examined this hypothesis in a contemporary national sample of Canadian adolescents. The strength and direction of the relationship between sport and substance use varied by gender and substance, with team sport participation associated with increased binge drinking (RR 1...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349250/best-worst-scaling-survey-of-preferences-regarding-the-adverse-effects-of-tobacco-use-in-china
#5
Takeshi Mori, Takahiro Tsuge
We use best-worst scaling to assess two types of concern levels of the adverse consequences of smoking in China. While the smoking cessation policy has worked well in Taiwan, more than 1 million people in mainland China are estimated to die every year from tobacco use. This study compares the preferences of Chinese individuals in the two jurisdictions (mainland versus Taiwan) and explores the possibility of information-based interventions. The relative importance of 13 adverse effects was assessed by conducting a web-based survey on a sample of 480 Chinese participants...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349225/intergenerational-differences-in-smoking-among-west-indian-haitian-latin-american-and-african-blacks-in-the-united-states
#6
Tod G Hamilton, Tiffany L Green
Due in large part to increased migration from Africa and the Caribbean, black immigrants and their descendants are drastically changing the contours of health disparities among blacks in the United States. While prior studies have examined health variation among black immigrants by region of birth, few have explored the degree of variation in health behaviors, particularly smoking patterns, among first- and second- generation black immigrants by ancestral heritage. Using data from the 1995-2011 waves of the Tobacco Use Supplements of the Current Population Survey (TUS-CPS), we examine variation in current smoking status among first-, second-, and third/higher- generation black immigrants...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348100/rapid-diagnostic-method-of-tobacco-products-in-saliva-by-fourier-transform-infrared-spectroscopy-ftir
#7
Naseem Aslam Channa, Dost Muhammad Kalhoro, Taj Muhammad Jahangir
The present study was designed to explore the easy and fast method diagnosis of tobacco products in saliva of tobacco users (TU) by FTIR. Sixty four male tobacco users (TU) with mean age range 15.3 to 30.7 years were randomly selected for collection of saliva samples before and after tobacco use (smoking, chewing and dipping tobacco). Twenty were the smoking tobacco users (STU), 24 were chewing tobacco users (CTU) and 20 were dipping tobacco users (DTU). CTU were the users of Mainpuri (n=10) and users of PEN, FIT, 2100 (n=14)...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347936/comparative-analysis-of-copd-associated-with-tobacco-smoking-biomass-smoke-exposure-or-both
#8
Jordi Olloquequi, Sergio Jaime, Viviana Parra, Elizabeth Cornejo-Córdova, Gonzalo Valdivia, Àlvar Agustí, Rafael Silva O
BACKGROUND: Exposure to noxious gases and particles contained in both tobacco smoking (TS) and biomass smoke (BS) are well recognized environmental risk factors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). COPD is characterized by an abnormal inflammatory response, both in the pulmonary and systemic compartments. The differential effects of TS, BS or their combined exposure have not been well characterized yet. This study sought to compare the lung function characteristics and systemic inflammatory response in COPD patients exposed to TS, BS or their combination...
January 18, 2018: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347920/a-qualitative-study-of-tobacco-interventions-for-lgbtq-youth-and-young-adults-overarching-themes-and-key-learnings
#9
N Bruce Baskerville, Katy Wong, Alanna Shuh, Aneta Abramowicz, Darly Dash, Aamer Esmail, Ryan Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Smoking prevalence is very high among lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered and queer (LGBTQ+) youth and young adults (YYA) compared to non-LGBTQ+ YYA. A knowledge gap exists on culturally appropriate and effective prevention and cessation efforts for members of this diverse community, as limited interventions have been developed with and for this population, and there are very few studies determining the impact of these interventions. This study identifies the most salient elements of LGBTQ+ cessation and prevention interventions from the perspective of LGBTQ+ YYA...
January 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346545/influence-of-nicotine-metabolism-ratio-on-11c-phno-pet-binding-in-tobacco-smokers
#10
Patricia Di Ciano, Rachel F Tyndale, Esmaeil Mansouri, Christian S Hendershot, Alan A Wilson, Dina Lagzdins, Sylvain Houle, Isabelle Boileau, Bernard Le Foll
Background: Identifying the biological basis of smoking cessation success is of growing interest. The rate of nicotine metabolism, measured by the nicotine metabolite ratio (NMR), affects multiple aspects of nicotine dependence. Fast nicotine metabolizers (FM) tend to smoke more, experience more withdrawal and craving and have lower cessation rates as compared to slow metabolizers (SM). The NMR predicts treatment response, and differences in brain activation between FM and SM have been reported in fMRI studies...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346338/current-cigarette-smoking-among-adults-united-states-2016
#11
Ahmed Jamal, Elyse Phillips, Andrea S Gentzke, David M Homa, Stephen D Babb, Brian A King, Linda J Neff
The U.S. Surgeon General has concluded that the burden of death and disease from tobacco use in the United States is overwhelmingly caused by cigarettes and other combusted tobacco products (1). Cigarettes are the most commonly used tobacco product among U.S. adults, and about 480,000 U.S. deaths per year are caused by cigarette smoking and secondhand smoke exposure (1). To assess progress toward the Healthy People 2020 target of reducing the proportion of U.S. adults aged ≥18 years who smoke cigarettes to ≤12...
January 19, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346189/the-impact-of-implementing-tobacco-control-policies-the-2017-tobacco-control-policy-scorecard
#12
David T Levy, Jamie Tam, Charlene Kuo, Geoffrey T Fong, Frank Chaloupka
The Tobacco Control Scorecard, published in 2004, presented estimates of the effectiveness of different policies on smoking rates. Since its publication, new evidence has emerged. We update the Scorecard to include recent studies of demand-reducing tobacco policies for high-income countries. We include cigarette taxes, smoke-free air laws, media campaigns, comprehensive tobacco control programs, marketing bans, health warnings, and cessation treatment policies. To update the 2004 Scorecard, a narrative review was conducted on reviews and studies published after 2000, with additional focus on 3 policies in which previous evidence was limited: tobacco control programs, graphic health warnings, and marketing bans...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345998/key-factors-inhibiting-legislative-progress-toward-smoke-free-coverage-in-appalachia
#13
J Travis Donahoe, Andrea R Titus, Nancy L Fleischer
The Appalachian Region has among the highest rates of smoking and smoking-related illness in the United States. Strong smoke-free legislation could help protect nonsmoking residents from the harmful effects of secondhand smoke. However, there is a dearth of state, county, city, and subcounty smoke-free law coverage throughout Appalachia. As of July 2016, only 21% of Appalachian residents were covered by comprehensive smoke-free laws (i.e., 100% coverage for workplaces, restaurants, and bars). Only 46% of Appalachians lived in places with 100% smoke-free workplace laws, only 30% lived in places with 100% smoke-free restaurant laws, and only 29% lived in places with 100% smoke-free bar laws...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345859/development-of-a-risk-prediction-model-for-lung-cancer-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#14
Hadrien Charvat, Shizuka Sasazuki, Taichi Shimazu, Sanjeev Budhathoki, Manami Inoue, Motoki Iwasaki, Norie Sawada, Taiki Yamaji, Shoichiro Tsugane
While the impact of tobacco consumption on the occurrence of lung cancer is well-established, risk estimation could be improved by risk prediction models that consider various smoking habits, such as quantity, duration, and time since quitting. We constructed a risk prediction model using a population of 59,161 individuals from JPHC Study Cohort II. A parametric survival model was used to assess the impact of age, gender and smoking-related factors (cumulative smoking intensity measured in pack-years, age at initiation, and time since cessation)...
January 18, 2018: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343954/exposure-to-environmental-tobacco-smoke-from-husband-more-strongly-impacts-on-the-airway-obstruction-of-nonsmoking-women
#15
Kazuaki Suyama, Ryo Kozu, Takako Tanaka, Yuji Ishimatsu, Terumitsu Sawai
Background: The impact of airway obstruction of nonsmoking women caused by their husband's smoking is unclear, despite the association between environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure at home and obstructive pulmonary diseases among nonsmoking women. The aim of this study was to provide evidence that ETS exposure from the husband at home has a more significant influence on the airway obstruction of nonsmoking women than other housemates. Participants and methods: Nonsmoking women aged 40 years or older were recruited from the health checkup during May 2015-December 2016, Japan...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343952/understanding-of-copd-among-final-year-medical-students
#16
Javier Mohigefer, Carmen Calero-Acuña, Eduardo Marquez-Martin, Francisco Ortega-Ruiz, Jose Luis Lopez-Campos
Objective: Several previous studies have shown a suboptimal level of understanding of COPD among different population groups. Students in their final year of Medicine constitute a population that has yet to be explored. The evaluation of their understanding provides an opportunity to establish strategies to improve teaching processes. The objective of the present study is to determine the current level of understanding of COPD among said population. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was done using digital surveys given to medical students in their final year at the Universidad de Sevilla...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341488/gene-gene-interaction-between-msx1-and-tp63-in-asian-case-parent-trios-with-nonsyndromic-cleft-lip-with-or-without-cleft-palate
#17
Dongjing Liu, Holger Schwender, Mengying Wang, Hong Wang, Ping Wang, Hongping Zhu, Zhibo Zhou, Jing Li, Tao Wu, Terri H Beaty
BACKGROUND: Small ubiquitin-like modification, also known as sumoylation, is a crucial post-translational regulatory mechanisms involved in development of the lip and palate. Recent studies reported two sumoylation target genes, MSX1 and TP63, to have achieved genome-wide level significance in tests of association with nonsyndromic clefts. Here, we performed a candidate gene analysis considering gene-gene and gene-environment interaction for SUMO1, MSX1, and TP63 to further explore the etiology of nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P)...
January 17, 2018: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340115/hypermutation-and-microsatellite-instability-in-gastrointestinal-cancers
#18
REVIEW
Kizuki Yuza, Masayuki Nagahashi, Satoshi Watanabe, Kazuaki Takabe, Toshifumi Wakai
Recent progress in cancer genome analysis using next-generation sequencing has revealed a high mutation burden in some tumors. The particularly high rate of somatic mutation in these tumors correlates with the generation of neo-antigens capable of eliciting an immune response. Identification of hypermutated tumors is therefore clinically valuable for selecting patients suitable for immunotherapy treatment. There are several known causes of hypermutation in tumors, such as ultraviolet light in melanoma, tobacco smoke in lung cancer, and excessive APOBEC (apolipoprotein B mRNA editing enzyme, catalytic polypeptide-like) activity in breast and gastric cancer...
December 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339652/smoking-and-promoter-specific-deoxyribonucleic-acid-methylation-of-the-atrial-natriuretic-peptide-gene-methylation-of-smokers-and-non-smokers-differs-significantly-during-withdrawal
#19
Alexander Glahn, Mathias Rhein, Helge Frieling, Rilana Schuster, Alain El Aissami, Stefan Bleich, Thomas Hillemacher, Marc Muschler
BACKGROUND: Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is well known in psychiatric disorders to modulate hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity. Disturbances of ANP have been described in early abstinent alcohol-dependent patients. This is the first longitudinal investigation on cytosine-phosphatidyl-guanine (CpG)-island promoter methylation of the ANP gene in the blood of tobacco-dependent patients. METHODS: In a longitudinal approach, we investigated whether changes in ANP serum levels correlated to CpG methylation of the respective gene promoters on days 1, 7, and 14 of tobacco withdrawal...
January 16, 2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338581/perceived-discrimination-as-a-risk-factor-for-use-of-emerging-tobacco-products-more-similarities-than-differences-across-demographic-groups-and-attributions-for-discrimination
#20
Jennifer B Unger
BACKGROUND: Perceived discrimination has been associated with cigarette smoking and other substance use among members of disadvantaged minority groups. However, most studies have focused on a single minority group, have not considered the individual's attribution for the discrimination, and have not considered emerging tobacco products. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations between perceived discrimination and use of six tobacco products (cigarettes, e-cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, hookah, and smokeless tobacco) in a diverse sample of 1,068 adults in the United States...
January 17, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
keyword
keyword
26850
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"