keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Tobacco smoke

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812472/modifiable-risk-factors-associated-with-bronchiolitis
#1
Raffaella Nenna, Renato Cutrera, Antonella Frassanito, Claudia Alessandroni, Ambra Nicolai, Giulia Cangiano, Laura Petrarca, Serena Arima, Serena Caggiano, Nicola Ullman, Paola Papoff, Enea Bonci, Corrado Moretti, Fabio Midulla
BACKGROUND: We sought to clarify possibly modifiable risk factors related to pollution responsible for acute bronchiolitis in hospitalized infants. METHODS: For this observational study, we recruited 213 consecutive infants with bronchiolitis (cases: median age: 2 months; age range: 0.5-12 months; boys: 55.4%) and 213 children aged <3 years (controls: median age: 12 months; age range: 0.5-36 months; boys: 54.5%) with a negative medical history for lower respiratory tract diseases hospitalized at 'Sapienza' University Rome and IRCCS Bambino Gesù Hospital...
August 1, 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811843/transcriptomics-and-methylomics-in-chronic-periodontitis-with-tobacco-use-a-pilot-study
#2
Young-Dan Cho, Pil-Jong Kim, Hong-Gee Kim, Yang-Jo Seol, Yong-Moo Lee, Young Ku, In-Chul Rhyu, Hyun-Mo Ryoo
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests that tobacco smoking affects the susceptibility to and severity of chronic periodontitis. Epigenetics may explain the role of smoking in the development and progress of periodontal disease. In this study, we performed transcriptomic and methylomic analyses of non-periodontitis and periodontitis-affected gingival tissues according to smoking status. METHODS: Human gingival tissues were obtained from 20 patients, including non-smokers with and without periodontitis (n = 5 per group) and smokers with and without periodontitis (n = 5 per group)...
2017: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810685/characterising-the-exposure-of-prison-staff-to-second-hand-tobacco-smoke
#3
Sean Semple, Helen Sweeting, Evangelia Demou, Greig Logan, Rachel O'Donnell, Kate Hunt
Second-hand tobacco smoke (SHS) is an avoidable and harmful exposure in the workplace but >25000 prison staff continue to be exposed on a daily basis in the UK and many more worldwide. SHS exposures in prisons are incompletely understood but may be considerable given the large proportion of smoking prisoners and limited ventilation. This study characterized the exposure of prison staff to SHS in all 15 prisons in Scotland using multiple methods. Exposure assessment strategies included 6-day area measurement of fine Particulate Matter (PM2...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810196/tobacco-demand-delay-discounting-and-smoking-topography-among-smokers-with-and-without-psychopathology
#4
Samantha G Farris, Elizabeth R Aston, Ana M Abrantes, Michael J Zvolensky
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco demand (i.e., relative value attributed to a given reinforcer) and delay discounting (i.e., relative preference for smaller immediate rewards over larger delayed rewards) are two behavioral economic processes that are linked to the progression of problematic substance use. These processes have not been studied among those with psychopathology, a vulnerable group of smokers. The current study examined differences in tobacco demand and delay discounting, and their association with smoking topography among smokers with (n=43) and without (n=64) past-year psychopathology...
August 3, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810158/a-typology-of-vaping-identifying-differing-beliefs-motivations-for-use-identity-and-political-interest-amongst-e-cigarette-users
#5
Hannah Farrimond
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify and differentiate socially shared accounts of e-cigarette use (vaping) using Q-methodology, combining factor analysis with qualitative comments. METHODS: Seventy statements on e-cigarettes, drawn from media, academic and online discussions, were sorted by participants along a continuum of agreement/disagreement, commenting on strongly ranked items. Each participant thus created their own 'account' of their vaping...
August 12, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810150/occurrence-of-carbazoles-in-dust-and-air-samples-from-different-locations-in-germany
#6
Hermann Fromme, Wenying Mi, Thomas Lahrz, Martin Kraft, Bettina Aschenbrenner, Bianca Bruessow, Ralf Ebinghaus, Zhiyong Xie, Ludwig Fembacher
9H-carbazole is generated from incomplete combustion of diverse fossil fuels and biomass, in tobacco smoke and from industrial processes, while halogenated carbazoles have natural and anthropogenic sources. We analyzed 9H-carbazole and 14 halogenated carbazoles in dust samples from 14 schools, 13 daycare centers, and 13 residences, as well as 5 indoor air samples from residences in Munich, Germany. Overall, we present first data of various carbazoles in different indoor environments without visible combustion sources...
August 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808856/validation-of-veterans-affairs-electronic-medical-record-smoking-data-among-iraq-and-afghanistan-era-veterans
#7
Patrick S Calhoun, Sarah M Wilson, Jeffrey S Hertzberg, Angela C Kirby, Scott D McDonald, Paul A Dennis, Lori A Bastian, Eric A Dedert, Jean C Beckham
BACKGROUND: Research using the Veterans Health Administration (VA) electronic medical records (EMR) has been limited by a lack of reliable smoking data. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the validity of using VA EMR "Health Factors" data to determine smoking status among veterans with recent military service. DESIGN: Sensitivity, specificity, area under the receiver-operating curve (AUC), and kappa statistics were used to evaluate concordance between VA EMR smoking status and criterion smoking status...
August 14, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808506/the-knowledge-concerns-and-healthcare-practices-among-physicians-regarding-electronic-cigarettes
#8
Venkatkiran Kanchustambham, Swetha Saladi, Jonathan Rodrigues, Hermina Fernandes, Setu Patolia, Sadhashiv Santosh
Background: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are battery-powered devices that deliver aerosolized nicotine. With easy access and over-the-counter availability, many patients consider using electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation. Few studies have looked at long-term safety/efficacy and physician knowledge/attitudes toward e-cigarettes. Physicians have insufficient guidelines for advising their patients about e-cigarettes. Objective: 1) To identify knowledge and attitude of health care practitioners toward electronic cigarettes...
July 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808498/functional-cellular-and-molecular-remodeling-of-the-heart-under-influence-of-oxidative-cigarette-tobacco-smoke
#9
REVIEW
Abdullah Kaplan, Emna Abidi, Rana Ghali, George W Booz, Firas Kobeissy, Fouad A Zouein
Passive and active chronic cigarette smoking (CS) remains an international epidemic and a key risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) development. CS-induced cardiac damage is divided into two major and interchangeable mechanisms: (1) direct adverse effects on the myocardium causing smoking cardiomyopathy and (2) indirect effects on the myocardium by fueling comorbidities such as atherosclerotic syndromes and hypertension that eventually damage and remodel the heart. To date, our understanding of cardiac remodeling following acute and chronic smoking exposure is not well elucidated...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808447/predictors-for-mortality-among-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-patients-in-tanzania
#10
Edson W Mollel, Jaffu O Chilongola
PROBLEM: Factors related to MDRTB mortality in Tanzania have not been adequately explored and reported. OBJECTIVES: To determine demographic, clinical, radiographic, and laboratory factors associated with MDRTB mortality in a Tanzanian TB Referral Hospital. METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional study with 193 participants. Demographic, clinical, laboratory, and radiological data were collected, and their associations with mortality among MDRTB patients were determined...
2017: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806725/link-between-perceived-smoking-behaviour-at-school-and-students-smoking-status-a-large-survey-among-italian-adolescents
#11
I Backhaus, V D'Egidio, D Grassucci, M Gelardini, C Ardizzone, G La Torre
OBJECTIVES: To investigate a possible link between sociodemographic factors, the perception of smoking habits at school and smoking status of Italian adolescents attending secondary school. STUDY DESIGN: The study was a cross-sectional study. METHODS: An anonymous online survey was employed to gather information on age, gender, smoking status and to examine the perception of smoking behaviour on the school premises. Chi-squared and Kruskal-Wallis tests were performed for the univariate analysis and logistic and multinomial regressions for the multivariate analysis...
August 11, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806723/prevalence-and-location-of-tobacco-smoke-exposure-outside-the-home-in-adults-and-children-in-the-united-states
#12
M R Torok, J P Winickoff, R C McMillen, J D Klein, K M Wilson
OBJECTIVES: Tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) is associated with many adverse health outcomes. The goal of this study was to provide insight into the prevalence and location of self-reported TSE outside the home for US adults and children. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Data from a nationally representative sample of US adults from 2014 were included. Participants who responded that they smelled smoke during the past seven days in various settings were considered to have been exposed to TSE...
August 11, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806671/characterization-and-health-risk-assessment-of-pm2-5-bound-organics-inside-and-outside-of-chinese-smoking-lounges
#13
Lijuan Li, Steven Sai Hang Ho, Judith C Chow, John G Watson, Frank S C Lee, Long Cui, Yuan Gao, Wenting Dai, Kin Fai Ho, Yu Huang, Junji Cao
PM2.5 samples were collected at six indoor public places that contained dedicated smoking lounges. Samples were taken in the smoking lounges, at two indoor locations outside of the lounges, and in outdoor air near the venues. Organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon (EC), and non-polar organic compounds including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), n-alkanes (n-C16 to n-C40), iso/anteiso-alkanes (C29 to C33), hopanes and phthalate esters (PAEs) were quantified. Average PM2.5 levels of 170.2 ± 85.9 μg/m(3) in the lounges exceeded limits of 25 μg/m(3) set by World Health Organization (WHO); these levels were 5...
August 4, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806637/want-need-and-habit-as-drivers-of-smoking-behaviour-a-preliminary-analysis
#14
Luis Wehbe, Harveen Kaur Ubhi, Robert West
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Models of tobacco smoking behaviour propose that anticipated pleasure or satisfaction, the need to alleviate a nicotine-induced drive state and a stimulus-driven impulse potentially play an important role. This study aimed to provide a preliminary assessment of how far urges to smoke are reported by smokers and whether the strength of such urges prior to a quit attempt predicts short-term success at quitting. METHODS: In a prospective study, 566 smokers attending a treatment programme to help smokers quit completed a written questionnaire covering frequency of different types of urge to smoke (automatic impulse - 'automatic urges', anticipated pleasure - 'pleasure urges', and fulfilling a need - 'need urges')...
July 19, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805194/-lung-cancer-and-copd-growing-clinical-problem
#15
EDITORIAL
Michal Tyl, Joanna Domagała-Kulawik
A spread of the addiction of tobacco smoking is valued on near 1 billion of people in the world, that involves growing number of morbidity and mortality by the reason of smoke related diseases. Lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are the most serious and incurable diseases which are leading to a permanent disability as well as to premature death. There are factors that naturally increase the vulnerability of an individual on the coincidence of above disorders, such as pathophysiological conditions, systemic inflammation, bronchitis, emphysema, respiratory obstructive disease and precise genetic predispositions for COPD and lung cancer...
July 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804247/ophthalmology-in-north-america-early-stories-1491-1801
#16
REVIEW
Christopher T Leffler, Stephen G Schwartz, Ricardo D Wainsztein, Adam Pflugrath, Eric Peterson
New World plants, such as tobacco, tomato, and chili, were held to have beneficial effects on the eyes. Indigenous healers rubbed or scraped the eyes or eyelids to treat inflammation, corneal opacities, and even eye irritation from smoke. European settlers used harsh treatments, such as bleeding and blistering, when the eyes were inflamed or had loss of vision with a normal appearance (gutta serena). In New Spain, surgery for corneal opacity was performed in 1601 and cataract couching in 1611. North American physicians knew of contralateral loss of vision after trauma or surgery (sympathetic ophthalmia), which they called "sympathy...
2017: Ophthalmology and Eye Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803404/polymorphisms-in-xrcc1-ercc2-and-ercc3-dna-repair-genes-cyp1a1-xenobiotic-metabolism-gene-and-tobacco-are-associated-with-bladder-cancer-susceptibility-in-tunisian-population
#17
Molka Feki-Tounsi, Rim Khlifi, Ibtihel Louati, Mohamed Fourati, Mohamed-Nabil Mhiri, Amel Hamza-Chaffai, Ahmed Rebai
Other than the established environmental risk factors associated with bladder cancer (BC), little is known about the genetic variations determining the individual susceptibility of this complex disease. This study aimed to investigate the relationship of BC with environmental agents and polymorphisms in XRCC1, ERCC2, and ERCC3 DNA repair genes and CYP1A1, CYP2D6, NAT1, and NAT2 xenobiotic metabolism genes through a hospital-based case-control study in Tunisia. The selection of the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs25487, rs 13181, rs415407, rs446421, rs1058172, rs4921880, and rs1208) was performed using the dbSNP database...
August 12, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802914/forced-but-not-free-choice-nicotine-during-lactation-alters-maternal-behaviour-and-noradrenergic-system-of-pups-impact-on-social-behaviour-of-adolescent-isolated-male-rats
#18
Doriana Chirico, Emilia Romano, Marco Famele, Rosa Draisci, Rosanna Mancinelli, Tiziana Pascucci, Walter Adriani
Adverse effects of nicotine during pregnancy have been greatly studied, while nowadays few works are focused on consequences of maternal tobacco smoking after birth. The present study investigated the behavioural and early neurochemical effects of nicotine treatment during first weeks of post-natal life in rats. We used "free choice" treatment (H2O+NIC dams could drink from two bottles, containing 10mg/L nicotine hydrogen tartrate salt, or water) versus "forced choice" (NIC+NIC mothers could drink from two bottles both containing nicotine hydrogen tartrate salt, range from 0...
August 9, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802872/smoking-and-binge-drinking-among-adolescents-ontario-canada-does-the-school-neighbourhood-matter
#19
Kristian Larsen, Teresa To, Hyacinth M Irving, Angela Boak, Hayley A Hamilton, Robert E Mann, Robert Schwartz, Guy E J Faulkner
This study examines whether access to alcohol and tobacco around the school relates to higher or lower odds of cigarette smoking and binge-drinking among Ontario high school students. The 2013 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey provides data on self-reported smoking and drinking, individual covariates and subjective socio-economic status for 6142 students (grades 9-12) in Ontario, Canada. Locations of schools were geocoded and 1.6km network buffers defined the school neighbourhoods. Multi-level logistic regression examines individual and school neighbourhood factors with smoking and binge drinking as the dependent variable...
August 10, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802179/prevalence-of-population-smoking-cessation-by-electronic-cigarette-use-status-in-a-national-sample-of-recent-smokers
#20
Daniel P Giovenco, Cristine D Delnevo
INTRODUCTION: Amid decreasing rates of cigarette smoking and a rise in e-cigarette use, there is a need to understand population patterns of use to inform tobacco control efforts and evaluate whether e-cigarettes may play a role in tobacco harm reduction. METHODS: This study merged data from the 2014 and 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and restricted the sample to recent smokers [i.e., current smokers and former smokers who quit in 2010 or later (n=15,532)]...
August 3, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
keyword
keyword
26850
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"