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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041006/deciphering-the-social-organization-and-structure-of-wild-yunnan-snub-nosed-monkeys-rhinopithecus-bieti
#1
Cyril C Grueter, Dayong Li, Baoping Ren, Fuwen Wei, Ming Li
The social organization of natural groups of Rhinopithecus bieti (Yunnan snub-nosed monkey) is virtually unknown. We studied the demography and social structure of a free-ranging group at Samage Forest, China, for nearly 2 years. This study confirmed that R. bieti exhibits a multilevel social organization of core 1-male units (OMUs) that congregate in a band of >400 members. Even though the band appeared to be unified for the most part, we also witnessed occasional fission-fusion. OMUs were cohesive entities, and their members were spatially and socially isolated from members of other OMUs...
October 18, 2017: Folia Primatologica; International Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040967/improvement-and-aggravation-of-spontaneous-unruptured-vertebral-artery-dissection
#2
Tomoya Shibahara, Masahiro Yasaka, Yoshiyuki Wakugawa, Koichiro Maeda, Takeshi Uwatoko, Takahiro Kuwashiro, Gregory Y H Lip, Yasushi Okada
BACKGROUND: Intracranial vertebral artery dissection (VAD) is a well-recognized cause of stroke in young and middle-aged individuals, especially in Asian populations. However, a long-term natural course remains unclear. We investigated the long-term time course of VAD using imaging findings to examine the rate and predisposing factors for improvement. METHODS: We registered 56 consecutive patients (40 males; mean age, 51.8 ± 10.7 years) with acute spontaneous VAD and retrospectively investigated neuroimaging and clinical course within 1 month and at 3 months ± 2 weeks, 6 months ± 2 weeks, and 12 months ± 2 weeks after onset to ascertain predisposing factors and time course for improvement...
October 17, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040920/ancestry-prediction-in-singapore-population-samples-using-the-illumina-forenseq-kit
#3
Anantharaman Ramani, Yongxun Wong, Si Zhen Tan, Bing Hong Shue, Christopher Syn
The ability to predict bio-geographic ancestry can be valuable to generate investigative leads towards solving crimes. Ancestry informative marker (AIM) sets include large numbers of SNPs to predict an ancestral population. Massively parallel sequencing has enabled forensic laboratories to genotype a large number of such markers in a single assay. Illumina's ForenSeq DNA Signature Kit includes the ancestry informative SNPs reported by Kidd et al. In this study, the ancestry prediction capabilities of the ForenSeq kit through sequencing on the MiSeq FGx were evaluated in 1030 unrelated Singapore population samples of Chinese, Malay and Indian origin...
August 15, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040891/acceptance-lowers-stress-reactivity-dismantling-mindfulness-training-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Emily K Lindsay, Shinzen Young, Joshua M Smyth, Kirk Warren Brown, J David Creswell
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness interventions, which train practitioners to monitor their present-moment experience with a lens of acceptance, are known to buffer stress reactivity. Little is known about the active mechanisms driving these effects. We theorize that acceptance is a critical emotion regulation mechanism underlying mindfulness stress reduction effects. METHOD: In this three-arm parallel trial, mindfulness components were dismantled into three structurally equivalent 15-lesson smartphone-based interventions: (1) training in both monitoring and acceptance (Monitor+Accept), (2) training in monitoring only (Monitor Only), or (3) active control training (Coping control)...
October 8, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040730/diurnal-temperature-range-and-chikungunya-virus-infection-in-invasive-mosquito-vectors
#5
Barry W Alto, Keenan Wiggins, Bradley Eastmond, Sara Ortiz, Kylie Zirbel, L Philip Lounibos
Climate strongly influences the geographic distribution and timing of mosquito-borne disease outbreaks. Environmental temperature affects phenotypic traits of mosquitoes including vector competence for arboviruses mediated by changes in infection, extrinsic incubation period and in rates of transmission. Most experiments, however, are done at constant temperatures. In nature, mosquitoes are more likely to experience daily fluctuations in temperature. Here we compare disseminated infection (leg infection) and saliva infection of Aedes aegypti (L...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040701/comparison-of-glomerular-filtration-rate-estimating-equations-derived-from-creatinine-and-cystatin-c-validation-in-the-age-gene-environment-susceptibility-reykjavik-elderly-cohort
#6
Jonas Björk, Anders Grubb, Vilmundur Gudnason, Olafur S Indridason, Andrew S Levey, Runolfur Palsson, Ulf Nyman
Background: Validation studies comparing glomerular filtration rate (GFR) equations based on standardized creatinine and cystatin C assays in the elderly are needed. The Icelandic Age, Gene/Environment Susceptibility-Kidney cohort was used to compare two pairs of recently developed GFR equations, the revised Lund-Malmö creatinine equation (LMRCr) and the arithmetic mean of the LMRCr and Caucasian, Asian, Paediatric and Adult cystatin C equations (MEANLMR+CAPA), as well as the Full Age Spectrum creatinine equation (FASCr) and its combination with cystatin C (FASCr+Cys), with the corresponding pair of Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration equations (CKD-EPICr and CKD-EPICr+Cys)...
October 5, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040645/erratum-epidemiology-and-clinical-characteristics-of-invasive-mould-infections-a-multicenter-retrospective-analysis-in-five-asian-countries
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040589/corifollitropin-alfa-followed-by-highly-purified-hmg-versus-recombinant-fsh-in-young-poor-ovarian-responders-a-multicentre-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#8
Panagiotis Drakopoulos, Thi Ngoc Lan Vuong, Ngoc Anh Vu Ho, Alberto Vaiarelli, Manh Tuong Ho, Christophe Blockeel, Michel Camus, Anh Tuan Lam, Arne van de Vijver, Peter Humaidan, Herman Tournaye, Nikolaos P Polyzos
STUDY QUESTION: Does administration of corifollitropin alfa followed by highly purified (hp) HMG result in higher ongoing pregnancy rates compared with daily recombinant FSH (rFSH) in young poor responders? SUMMARY ANSWER: Corifollitropin alfa followed by hp-HMG does not increase ongoing pregnancy rates compared with rFSH in young poor responders, although more supernumerary cryopreserved embryos were obtained with corifollitropin alfa and hp-HMG. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Poor ovarian response remains one of the main therapeutic challenges in women undergoing ovarian stimulation, given that very low live birth rates of 6% have been reported in this particular group of infertile patients...
September 23, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040546/variation-and-functional-impact-of-neanderthal-ancestry-in-western-asia
#9
Recep Ozgur Taskent, Duha Alioglu, Evrim Fer, Handan Melike Donertas, Mehmet Somel, Omer Gokcumen
Neanderthals contributed genetic material to modern humans via multiple admixture events. Initial admixture events presumably occurred in Western Asia shortly after humans migrated out-of-Africa. Despite being a focal point of admixture, earlier studies indicate lower Neanderthal introgression rates in some Western Asian populations as compared to other Eurasian populations. To better understand the genome-wide and phenotypic impact of Neanderthal introgression in the region, we sequenced whole genomes of 10 present-day Europeans, Africans, and the Western Asian Druze at high depth, and analyzed available whole genome data from various other populations, including 16 genomes from present-day Turkey...
October 13, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040400/treatment-of-gastrocnemius-muscle-hypertrophy-with-botulinum-toxin-injection-followed-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging-assessment-and-3-dimensional-evaluation
#10
Melia Bogari, Andy Tan, Yu Xin, Gang Chai, Li Lin, Peiru Min, Yan Zhang, Yixin Zhang
Background: Hypertrophy of the gastrocnemius muscle is considered to be a hindrance to lower leg beauty in the Asian aesthetic market. A noninvasive technique that has been gaining recognition involves botulinum toxin A injection; however, there are no proper guidelines or standardized protocols for the administration of botulinum toxin to correct gastrocnemius hypertrophy. Objectives: This study sought to determine the most effective botulinum toxin injection method for correcting the contour of the lower leg calf, as well as to determine the dose that can produce the maximum effect in meeting the demands of the physician and patient...
August 10, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040284/the-prevalence-and-clinical-manifestation-of-hereditary-thrombophilia-in-korean-patients-with-unprovoked-venous-thromboembolisms
#11
Su Yeon Lee, Eun Kyoug Kim, Min Sun Kim, Sun Hye Shin, Haseong Chang, Shin Yi Jang, Hee-Jin Kim, Duk-Kyung Kim
BACKGROUND: Hereditary thrombophilia (HT) is a genetic predisposition to thrombosis. Asian mutation spectrum of HT is different from Western ones. We investigated the incidence and clinical characteristics of HT in Korean patients with unprovoked venous thromboembolism (VTE). METHODS: Among 369 consecutive patients with thromboembolic event who underwent thrombophilia tests, we enrolled 222 patients diagnosed with unprovoked VTE. The presence of HT was confirmed by DNA sequencing of the genes that cause deficits in natural anticoagulants (NAs)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036834/association-between-sorl1-polymorphisms-and-the-risk-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#12
Lele Cong, Xiangyi Kong, Jing Wang, Jianshi Du, Zhongxin Xu, Yanan Xu, Qing Zhao
A meta-analysis was performed to identify empirical data assessing the effects of a single nucleotide polymorphisms of sortilin-related receptor on Alzheimer's disease based on 14 studies involving 37941 cases and 49727 control studies. The results show an increased risk between the single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs641120, rs1010159) and Alzheimer's disease susceptibility in Asian populations, single nucleotide polymorphisms rs689021 was associated with a decreased risk in Caucasians, and single nucleotide polymorphisms rs641120 was detected as a decreased risk in both populations...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036605/survey-of-laboratory-practices-for-diagnosis-of-fungal-infection-in-seven-asian-countries-an-asia-fungal-working-group-afwg-initiative
#13
Ariya Chindamporn, Arunaloke Chakrabarti, Ruoyu Li, Pei-Lun Sun, Ban-Hock Tan, Mitzi Chua, Retno Wahyuningsih, Atul Patel, Zhengyin Liu, Yee-Chun Chen, Methee Chayakulkeeree
An online survey of mycology laboratories in seven Asian countries was conducted to assess the status, competence, and services available. Country representatives from the Asia Fungal Working Group (AFWG) contacted as many laboratories performing mycology diagnosis as possible in their respective countries, requesting that the laboratory heads complete the online survey. In total, 241 laboratories responded, including 71 in China, 104 in India, 11 in Indonesia, 26 in the Philippines, four in Singapore, 18 in Taiwan, and seven in Thailand...
September 20, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036232/rare-and-common-variants-of-apob-and-pcsk9-in-korean-patients-with-extremely-low-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-levels
#14
Chan Joo Lee, Yunbeom Lee, Sungha Park, Seok-Min Kang, Yangsoo Jang, Ji Hyun Lee, Sang-Hak Lee
BACKGROUND: Screening of variants, related to lipid metabolism in patients with extreme cholesterol levels, is a tool used to identify targets affecting cardiovascular outcomes. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and characteristics of rare and common variants of APOB and PCSK9 in Korean patients with extremely low low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels. METHODS: Among 13,545 participants enrolled in a cardiovascular genome cohort, 22 subjects, whose LDL-C levels without lipid-lowering agents were ≤1 percentile (48 mg/dL) of Korean population, were analyzed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036170/quantifying-the-effects-of-temperature-on-mosquito-and-parasite-traits-that-determine-the-transmission-potential-of-human-malaria
#15
Lillian L M Shapiro, Shelley A Whitehead, Matthew B Thomas
Malaria transmission is known to be strongly impacted by temperature. The current understanding of how temperature affects mosquito and parasite life history traits derives from a limited number of empirical studies. These studies, some dating back to the early part of last century, are often poorly controlled, have limited replication, explore a narrow range of temperatures, and use a mixture of parasite and mosquito species. Here, we use a single pairing of the Asian mosquito vector, An. stephensi and the human malaria parasite, P...
October 16, 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035642/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-cancer-survival-the-contribution-of-tumor-sociodemographic-institutional-and-neighborhood-characteristics
#16
Libby Ellis, Alison J Canchola, David Spiegel, Uri Ladabaum, Robert Haile, Scarlett Lin Gomez
Purpose Racial/ethnic disparities in cancer survival in the United States are well documented, but the underlying causes are not well understood. We quantified the contribution of tumor, treatment, hospital, sociodemographic, and neighborhood factors to racial/ethnic survival disparities in California. Materials and Methods California Cancer Registry data were used to estimate population-based cancer-specific survival for patients diagnosed with breast, prostate, colorectal, or lung cancer between 2000 and 2013 for each racial/ethnic group (non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, Asian American and Pacific Islander, and separately each for Chinese, Japanese, and Filipino) compared with non-Hispanic whites...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035427/differences-in-the-korea-acute-myocardial-infarction-registry-compared-with-western-registries
#17
REVIEW
Doo Sun Sim, Myung Ho Jeong
The Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry (KAMIR) is the first nationwide registry that reflects current therapeutic approaches and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) management in Korea. The results of the KAMIR demonstrated different risk factors and responses to medical and interventional treatments. The results indicated that the incidence of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) was relatively high, and that the prevalence of dyslipidemia was relatively low with higher triglyceride and lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels...
September 18, 2017: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035317/systematic-review-land-cover-meteorological-and-socioeconomic-determinants-of-aedes-mosquito-habitat-for-risk-mapping
#18
REVIEW
Mohamed F Sallam, Chelsea Fizer, Andrew N Pilant, Pai-Yei Whung
Asian tiger and yellow fever mosquitoes (Aedes albopictus and Ae. aegypti) are global nuisances and are competent vectors for viruses such as Chikungunya (CHIKV), Dengue (DV), and Zika (ZIKV). This review aims to analyze available spatiotemporal distribution models of Aedes mosquitoes and their influential factors. A combination of five sets of 3-5 keywords were used to retrieve all relevant published models. Five electronic search databases were used: PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, and Google Scholar through 17 May 2017...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034806/exploring-the-east-west-divide-in-prevalence-of-affective-disorder-a-case-for-cultural-differences-in-coping-with-negative-emotion
#19
June De Vaus, Matthew J Hornsey, Peter Kuppens, Brock Bastian
Lifetime rates of clinical depression and anxiety in the West tend to be approximately 4 to 10 times greater than rates in Asia. In this review, we explore one possible reason for this cross-cultural difference, that Asian cultures think differently about emotion than do Western cultures and that these different systems of thought help explain why negative affect does not escalate into clinical disorder at the same rate. We review research from multiple disciplines-including cross-cultural psychology, social cognition, clinical psychology, and psychiatry-to make the case that the Eastern holistic principles of contradiction (each experience is associated with its opposite), change (the world exists in a state of constant flux), and context (the interconnectedness of all things) fundamentally shape people's experience of emotions in different cultures...
October 1, 2017: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034748/demographic-and-neonatal-risk-factors-for-childhood-asthma-in-the-usa
#20
David A Geier, Janet K Kern, Mark R Geier
OBJECTIVE: Asthma is the most common chronic condition diagnosed among children worldwide according to the World Health Organization (WHO). This study evaluated on a longitudinal basis prospectively collected medical records for demographic and neonatal information among USA (USA) children diagnosed with childhood asthma in comparison to controls. DESIGN: The vaccine safety data link (VSD) database was examined to identify cases (n = 5907) diagnosed with International Classification of Disease, ninth revision (ICD-9) healthcare provider diagnosed childhood asthma (493...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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