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Gaurav Aggarwal, Samiran D Adhikary
Klingsor syndrome or self-Inflicted traumatic penile amputation is a rare clinical entity that is associated with psychiatric disorders, command hallucinations, religious preoccupations, substance abuse, and isolation from or neglect by society. In addition to being infrequently encountered, it is a rare surgical emergency, with paucity of data on appropriate and timely management to ensure optimal functional outcomes. We report the case of a 25-year-old unmarried male who inflicted this injury upon himself in a fit of paranoia as a way to expiate his sins and earn solace from God...
September 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
Bin Zhao, Liya Zhou, Li Ma, Ying He, Jing Gao, Dan Li, Yanjun Jiang
In this work, glucose oxidase (GOD) and catalase (CAT) were co-immobilized on novel silica inverse opals (IO-SiO2) through sol-gel process. The immobilized bi-enzyme system named GOD/CAT@IO-SiO2 was successfully fabricated and characterized. Morphology characterization indicated that GOD/CAT@IO-SiO2 had hierarchical porous structure, and the pore diameter of macroporous and mesoporous were 500±50nm and 6.8nm, respectively. The macrospores were connected through windows of 100±30nm. The results of stability tests indicated that both acid (or base) resistance and thermal tolerance of GOD/CAT@IO-SiO2 were improved...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Alexandria G Bauer, Jannette Berkley-Patton, Carole Bowe-Thompson, Therese Ruhland-Petty, Marcie Berman, Sheila Lister, Kelsey Christensen
INTRODUCTION: Black women are disproportionately burdened by obesity but maintain body satisfaction and strong religious commitment. Although faith-based weight-loss interventions have been effective at promoting weight loss among blacks, little is known about how body image and religious views contribute to weight-related beliefs among religious black women. The purpose of this study was to examine whether demographic and health history factors, religious involvement, and beliefs about body image could explain motivation and confidence to lose weight among a church-affiliated sample of black women...
October 19, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
Esther Helmich, Laura Diachun, Radha Joseph, Kori LaDonna, Nelleke Noeverman-Poel, Lorelei Lingard, Sayra Cristancho
CONTEXT: Dealing with emotions is critical for medical trainees' professional development. Taking a sociocultural and narrative approach to understanding emotions, we studied complex clinical situations as a specific context in which emotions are evoked and influenced by the social environment. We sought to understand how medical trainees respond to emotions that arise in those situations. METHODS: In an international constructivist grounded theory study, 29 trainees drew two rich pictures of complex clinical situations, one exciting and one frustrating...
October 16, 2017: Medical Education
Chaïma Ahaddour, Stef Van den Branden, Bert Broeckaert
The technological advances in medicine, including prolongation of life, have constituted several dilemmas at the end of life. In the context of the Belgian debates on end-of-life care, the views of Muslim women remain understudied. The aim of this article is fourfold. First, we seek to describe the beliefs and attitudes of middle-aged and elderly Moroccan Muslim women toward withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining treatments. Second, we aim to identify whether differences are observable among middle-aged and elderly women's attitudes toward withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining treatments...
October 17, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
Lilla Náfrádi, Kent Nakamoto, Peter J Schulz
BACKGROUND: Current health policies emphasize the need for an equitable doctor-patient relationship, and this requires a certain level of patient empowerment. However, a systematic review of the empirical evidence on how empowerment affects medication adherence-the extent to which patients follow the physician's prescription of medication intake-is still missing. The goal of this systematic review is to sum up current state-of-the-art knowledge concerning the relationship between patient empowerment and medication adherence across medical conditions...
2017: PloS One
Qiu-Mei Feng, Yue-Hua Guo, Jing-Juan Xu, Hong-Yuan Chen
A critical challenge in surface-based DNA assembly amplification is the reduced accessibility of DNA strands arranged on a heterogeneous surface compared to that in homogeneous solution. Here, a novel in situ surface-confined DNA assembly amplification electrochemiluminescence (ECL) biosensor based on DNA nanostructural scaffold was presented. In this design, a stem-loop structural DNA segment (Hairpin 1) was constructed on the vertex of DNA nanostructural scaffold as recognition probe. In the present of target DNA, the hairpin structure changed to rod-like through complementary hybridization with target DNA, resulting in the formation of Hairpin 1:target DNA...
September 22, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Maaike Cockx, Mieke Gouwy, Véronique Godding, Kris De Boeck, Jo Van Damme, Mieke Boon, Sofie Struyf
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD), cystic fibrosis (CF), and chronic obstructive airway disease are characterized by neutrophilic inflammation in the lungs. In CF and chronic obstructive airway disease, improper functioning of neutrophils has been demonstrated. We hypothesized that the pulmonary damage in PCD might be aggravated by abnormal functioning neutrophils either as a primary consequence of the PCD mutation or secondary to chronic inflammation. We analyzed chemotactic responses and chemoattractant receptor expression profiles of peripheral blood neutrophils from 36 patients with PCD, 21 healthy children and 19 healthy adults...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Saithip Pakapongpan, Adisorn Tuantranont, Rungtiva P Poo-Arporn
In this work, an enzymatic biofuel cell (EBC) based on a membraneless and mediatorless glucose enzymatic fuel cell system was constructed for operation in physiological conditions (pH 7.0 and temperature 37 °C). The new platform EBC made of nanocomposite, including magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4 NPs) and reduced graphene oxide (RGO), was used for the immobilization of glucose oxidase (GOD) as bioanode and bilirubin oxidase (BOD) as biocathode. The EBC bioelectrodes were fabricated without binder or adhesive agents for immobilized enzyme and the first EBC using superparamagnetic properties with Fe3O4 NPs has been reported...
October 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
Birgit Braun, Thomas Loew
Introduction In the context of the 500th anniversary of the Reformation, it is time to take a survey of the history of Martin Luther's (1483-1546) pathography and to deduce possible conclusions from it for psychiatric practice. Results In a 1035-page work written in German between 1937 and 1941, the Dane Paul Reiter retrospectively diagnosed Luther as manic-depressive. In 1956, Grossmann was unable to prove persistent synchronicity of depressive mood and reduced motivation in Luther in the key years 1527 and 1528, which led him to conclude that Luther had a cyclothymic personality with a pyknic constitution...
October 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
Annie Boland
This paper looks at systems of gender within the context of analysis. It explores the unique challenges of individuation faced by transsexual, transgender, gender queer, gender non-conforming, cross-dressing and intersex patients. To receive patients generously we need to learn how a binary culture produces profound and chronic trauma. These patients wrestle with being who they are whilst simultaneously receiving negative projections and feeling invisible. While often presenting with the struggles of gender conforming individuals, understanding the specifically gendered aspect of their identity is imperative...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
Anushka M Wickramasuriya, Jim M Dunwell
Theobroma cacao - The Food of the Gods, provides the raw material for the multi-billion dollar chocolate industry, and is also the main source of income for about 6 million smallholders around the world. Additionally, cocoa beans have a number of other non-food uses in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. Specifically, the potential health benefits of cocoa have received increasing attention as it is rich in polyphenols, particularly flavonoids. At present, the demand for cocoa and cocoa-based products in Asia is growing particularly rapidly and chocolate manufacturers are increasing investment in this region...
October 6, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
Iffat Elbarazi, Nancy J Devlin, Marina-Selini Katsaiti, Emmanuel A Papadimitropoulos, Koonal K Shah, Iain Blair
OBJECTIVES: Investigate how religion may affect the perception of health states among adults in the United Arab Emirates and the implications for research on self-reported health and quality of life and the use of values in cost-effectiveness analysis. DESIGN: Qualitative analysis of short-structured interviews with adult Emiratis carried out by a market research agency.The COREQ criteria have been used where appropriate to guide the reporting of our findings. SETTING: Participants were recruited from shopping malls and other public places in the cities of Al Ain and Abu Dhabi...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
Junjie Li, Yafei Li, Yuheng Wang, Wendong Ke, Weijian Chen, Weiping Wang, Zhishen Ge
Therapeutic nanoreactors have been proposed to treat cancers through in situ transformation of low-toxicity prodrugs into toxic therapeutics in the body. However, the in vivo applications are limited by low tissue-specificity and different tissue distributions between sequentially injected nanoreactors and prodrugs. Herein, we construct a block copolymer prodrug-based polymersome nanoreactor that can achieve novel orchestrated oxidation/chemotherapy of cancer via specific activation at tumor sites. The block copolymers composed of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and copolymerized monomers of camptothecin (CPT) and piperidine-modified methacrylate [P(CPTMA-co-PEMA)] were optimized to self-assemble into polymersomes in aqueous solution for encapsulation of glucose oxidase (GOD) to obtain GOD-loaded polymersome nanoreactors (GOD@PCPT-NR)...
October 9, 2017: Nano Letters
Shen-Peng Liu, Guo-Dong Wang, Xue-Jun Du, Guang Wan, Jun-Tao Wu, Lian-Bao Miao, Qiu-Dong Liang
Chronic inflammation often delays fracture healing or leads to bone nonunion. Effectively suppressing pathological inflammation is crucial for fracture healing or bone remodeling. Triptolide, which is a diterpenoid epoxide, is the major active component of the Thunder God Vine, Tripterygium wilfordii. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of triptolide in osteoblast differentiation and explore the molecular mechanisms of triptolide in fracture healing. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was used to evaluate osteoblast differentiation...
September 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
R Shirlene Newbanks, Linda S Rieg, Beverly Schaefer
Historically, some propose that organized nursing was founded on biblical principles and the caring behaviors and characteristics of Christ, and that caring originates with God. More recently, perceptions of caring have shifted to a humanistic, postmodern worldview, where the source of caring is within the person. This integrative literature review synthesized caring literature from humanistic, postmodern, and biblical, theological worldviews. Findings reveal that 95% of research and 85% of nonresearch publications were written from the humanistic perspective...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
Chun-Ping Wan, Ya-Gai Wei, Xiao-Xue Li, Li-Jun Zhang, Rui Yang, Zhao-Ri-Ge-Tu Bao
To investigate the effect of piperine on the disorder of glucose metabolism in the cell model with insulin resistance (IR) and explore the molecules mechanism on intervening the upstream target of AMPK signaling pathway. The insulin resistance models in HepG2 cells were established by fat emulsion stimulation. Then glucose consumption in culture supernatant was detected by GOD-POD method. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to measure the levels of leptin(LEP) and adiponectin(APN) in culture supernatant; Real-time quantitative PCR was used to assess the mRNA expression of APN and LEP; and the protein expression levels of LepR, AdipoR1, AdipoR2 and the activation of AMPK signaling pathway were detected by Western blot analysis...
February 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Wenjing Lian, Jiying Liang, Li Shen, Yue Jin, Hongyun Liu
The molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) films were electropolymerized on the surface of Au electrodes with luminol and pyrrole (PY) as the two monomers and ampicillin (AM) as the template molecule. The electrochemiluminescence (ECL) intensity peak of polyluminol (PL) of the AM-free MIP films at 0.7V vs Ag/AgCl could be greatly enhanced by AM rebinding. In addition, the ECL signals of the MIP films could also be enhanced by the addition of glucose oxidase (GOD)/glucose and/or ferrocenedicarboxylic acid (Fc(COOH)2) in the testing solution...
September 18, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Junjie Li, Anjaneyulu Dirisala, Zhishen Ge, Yuheng Wang, Wei Yin, Wendong Ke, Kazuko Toh, Jinbing Xie, Yu Matsumoto, Yasutaka Anraku, Kensuke Osada, Kazunori Kataoka
Polymeric nanoreactors (NRs) have distinct advantages to improve chemical reaction efficiency, but the in vivo applications are limited by lack of tissue-specificity. Herein, novel glucose oxidase (GOD)-loaded therapeutic vesicular NRs (theraNR) are constructed based on a diblock copolymer containing poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and copolymerized phenylboronic ester or piperidine-functionalized methacrylate (P(PBEM-co-PEM)). Upon systemic injection, theraNR are inactive in normal tissues. At a tumor site, theraNR are specifically activated by the tumor acidity via improved permeability of the membranes...
September 20, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Xudong Zhu, Jingchun Sun, Ju Chu
OBJECTIVES: To develop a rapid, dual-parameter, plate-based screening process to improve production and secretion rate of glucose oxidase simultaneously in Aspergillus niger. RESULTS: A morphology engineering based on CaCO3 was implemented, where the yield of GOD by A. niger was increased by up to 50%. Analysis of extracellular GOD activity was achieved in 96-well plates. There was a close negative correlation between the total GOD activity and its residual glucose of the fermentation broth...
September 22, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
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