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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446168/hospital-nurses-lived-experiences-of-intelligent-resilience-a-phenomenological-study
#1
Behzad Imani, Sima Mohamad Khan Kermanshahi, Zohreh Vanaki, Anoshiravan Kazemnejad Lili
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore Iranian hospital nurses' lived experiences of intelligent resilience. BACKGROUND: Nurses do high levels of emotional work when fulfilling patients' and their family members' complex needs. Intelligent resilience can alleviate nurses' stress and enhance their endurance. DESIGN: This study was based on the Husserlian descriptive phenomenology. METHODS: A purposive sample of ten hospital nurses was drawn from hospitals affiliated with Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442218/revisiting-the-depleted-self
#2
Reggie Abraham
This article revisits Donald Capps's book The Depleted Self (The depleted self: sin in a narcissistic age. Fortress Press, Minneapolis, 1993), which grew out of his 1990 Schaff Lectures at Pittsburgh Theological Seminary. In these lectures Capps proposed that the theology of guilt had dominated much of post-Reformation discourse. But with the growing prevalence of the narcissistic personality in the late twentieth century, the theology of guilt no longer adequately expressed humanity's sense of "wrongness" before God...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439792/-considerations-relating-to-the-body-in-the-jewish-religion
#3
Michel Lévy
In the Jewish religion, the body is the receptacle of the soul, and both are connected. Created in God's image, the body must be respected by the caregiver and by the patient. Judaism imposes constraints, but these restrictions must be lifted if a person's life is in danger.
January 2018: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439790/-place-and-role-of-the-body-in-christianity
#4
Patrick Verspieren
Christianity has always been opposed to dualistic models devaluing the human body. The human person is created in God's image to be resurrected on the last day; his or her body is worthy of respect. It is in the body, or more precisely through it, that the human person is called to glorify and reveal the presence of God, manifested in the love between human beings.
January 2018: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430741/childhood-sexual-abuse-and-suicidal-ideation-among-bipolar-patients-existential-but-not-religious-well-being-as-a-protective-factor
#5
Dorian A Lamis, Shweta Kapoor, Amanda P B Evans
Individuals diagnosed with bipolar disorder (BD) are at an increased risk of Suicidal ideation, attempts, and death. Moreover, a strong association exists between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and suicidal ideation among individuals with BD. Yet growing evidence suggests that existential well-being (EWB) may be a protective factor against suicidality. In this study, adult BD patients (N = 112) provided data on CSA, religious well-being (RWB; spiritual life in relation to God), EWB (purpose/meaning in life), and suicidal ideation...
February 12, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428188/-i-m-not-a-spiritual-person-how-hope-might-facilitate-conversations-about-spirituality-among-teens-and-young-adults-with-cancer
#6
Krysta S Barton, Tyler Tate, Nancy Lau, Karen B Taliesin, Elisha D Waldman, Abby R Rosenberg
CONTEXT: Supporting patients' spiritual needs is central to palliative care. Adolescents and Young Adults (AYAs) may be developing their spiritual identities; it is unclear how to navigate conversations concerning their spiritual needs. OBJECTIVES: To (1) describe spiritual narratives among AYAs based on their self-identification as religious, spiritual, both, or neither; and, (2) identify language to support AYA spiritual needs in keeping with their self-identities...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401155/combined-nmda-inhibitor-use-in-a-patient-with-multisubstance-induced-psychotic-disorder
#7
Matteo Caloro, Giuseppa Calabrò, Eleonora de Pisa, Enrico Rosini, Georgios D Kotzalidis, Davide Lonati, Carlo Alessandro Locatelli, Pietro Papa, Fabrizio Schifano, Paolo Girardi
: Novel psychoactive substance use is a major social concern. Their use may elicit or uncover unpredictably as yet undescribed clinical pictures. We aimed to illustrate a multisubstance use case indistinguishable from paranoid schizophrenia, so to alert clinicians on possibly misdiagnosing substance-induced psychotic disorders. CASE REPORT: We describe a case of a 32-year-old man who started at 18 years with cannabinoids and ketamine, and is currently using N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400136/cultural-concepts-of-the-person-and-mental-health-in-africa
#8
Lonzozou Kpanake
People in different cultures have different concepts of the person that underlie self-understanding and self-representation. These concepts influence many aspects of individuals' life experience, including illness and expectations toward recovery. Psychotherapies aim to promote adaptive change in experience and behavior. This goal is embedded in a social and cultural context that promotes or sanctions a particular notion of personhood. If every system of psychotherapy depends on implicit models of personhood, which varies cross-culturally, then the goals and methods of therapeutic change must consider the cultural concept of the person...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394529/regulation-of-tgf-%C3%AE-smad-mediated-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-by-celastrol-provides-protection-against-bleomycin-induced-pulmonary-fibrosis
#9
Thomas Divya, Bakthavatchalam Velavan, Ganapasam Sudhandiran
The respiratory disease pulmonary fibrosis (PF), which is characterized by scar formation throughout the lung, imposes a serious health burden. No effective drug without side effects has been proven to prevent this fatal lung disease. In this context, the present study was undertaken to elucidate the protective effect of celastrol, a quinine methide pentacyclic triterpenoid from a Chinese medicinal plant 'thunder God vine' against bleomycin (BLM)-induced PF. We also attempted to study how the cytokine transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) stimulates fibrosis through the induction of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the role of celastrol in regulating EMT...
February 2, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388805/bioactive-peptides-from-selected-latin-american-food-crops-a-nutraceutical-and-molecular-approach
#10
Domancar Orona-Tamayo, María Elena Valverde, Octavio Paredes López
This review reported an updated survey on the molecular functional properties of bioactive peptides derived from different Latin American ancient grains such as Maize, common Bean, Amaranth, Quinoa and Chia seeds. Seed storage proteins encrypted in their sequences diverse peptides associated with a wide range of benefit effects on the human health and the most studied are antihypertensive, anti-cholesterolemic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antimicrobial and immunomodulatory properties, additionally, in the last decades molecular properties have been also used for their characterization to understand their activities and it makes it highly attractive to be incorporated into food formulations and to complement or replace some conventional cereal grains...
February 1, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388002/leading-god-s-people-perceptions-of-influence-among-african-american-pastors
#11
Brook E Harmon, Shaila Strayhorn, Benjamin L Webb, James R Hébert
Religious leaders, particularly African-American pastors, are believed to play a key role in addressing health disparities. Despite the role African-American pastors may play in improving health, there is limited research on pastoral influence. The purpose of this study was to examine African-American pastors' perceptions of their influence in their churches and communities. In-depth interviews were conducted with 30 African-American pastors and analyzed using a grounded theory approach. Three themes emerged: the historical role of the church; influence as contextual, with pastors using comparisons with other pastors to describe their ability to be influential; and a reciprocal relationship existing such that pastors are influenced by factors such as God and their community while these factors also aid them in influencing others...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385094/enhanced-thermostability-of-glucose-oxidase-through-computer-aided-molecular-design
#12
Xiaoyan Ning, Yanli Zhang, Tiantian Yuan, Qingbin Li, Jian Tian, Weishi Guan, Bo Liu, Wei Zhang, Xinxin Xu, Yuhong Zhang
Glucose oxidase (GOD, EC.1.1.3.4) specifically catalyzes the reaction of β-d-glucose to gluconic acid and hydrogen peroxide in the presence of oxygen, which has become widely used in the food industry, gluconic acid production and the feed industry. However, the poor thermostability of the current commercial GOD is a key limiting factor preventing its widespread application. In the present study, amino acids closely related to the thermostability of glucose oxidase from Penicillium notatum were predicted with a computer-aided molecular simulation analysis, and mutant libraries were established following a saturation mutagenesis strategy...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372642/abu-sahl-al-masihi-died-circa-1010-ad-the-persian-physician-in-the-early-medieval-era
#13
Maryam Taghavi-Shirazi, Roshanak Ghods, Fataneh Hashem-Dabaghian, Arman Zargaran
In the early medieval era, in the time which is called the Islamic Golden Age, medicine flourished through the practice of Persian physicians (9th to 12th century AD). Abu-Sahl al-Masihi (died circa 1010 AD) was one of the physicians in that period who had great influence on the progress of medicine by his own writings as well as his influence on great scholars like Biruni and Avicenna as their teacher. He was a polymath and had many writings in various fields of science, in particular medical sciences. Some of his manuscripts in medicine were Al-Mia fil-Tibb (Book of the Hundred), Kitab al-Teb al-Koli (The General Medicine), Ezhar al-Hekmat Allah Ta'ala fi Khalgh al-Ensan (God's Mystery on the Creation of Man), Resalat al-Adwiya (Treatise of Drugs), Osool Elm Nabz (the Principles of Pulse), and Resala f ī Taḥqiq Amral-Waba' (On the determination of the matter of infectious diseases)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372513/representational-coexistence-in-the-god-concept-core-knowledge-intuitions-of-god-as-a-person-are-not-revised-by-christian-theology-despite-lifelong-experience
#14
Michael Barlev, Spencer Mermelstein, Tamsin C German
Previous research has shown that in the minds of young adult religious adherents, acquired theology about the extraordinary characteristics of God (e.g., omniscience) coexists with, rather than replaces, an initial concept of God formed by co-option of the person concept. We tested the hypothesis that representational coexistence holds even after extensive experience with Christian theology, as indexed by age. Christian religious adherents ranging in age from 18 to 87 years were asked to evaluate as true or false statements on which core knowledge intuitions about persons and Christian theology about God were consistent (both true or both false) or inconsistent (true on one and false on the other)...
January 25, 2018: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369682/attention-goes-both-ways-shifting-attention-influences-lexical-decisions
#15
Mark Mills, Paul Boychuk, Alison L Chasteen, Jay Pratt
Spatial components of concepts can influence the speed with which peripheral targets are responded to (e.g., the word God speeds responses to targets presented above fixation; devil speeds responses to targets presented below fixation). The basic premise underlying these conceptual cueing effects is that thinking of a spatial metaphor activates an internal spatial representation which in turn influences the allocation of attention in the visual field. An important step forward in understanding conceptual cues is determining whether the underlying process is bidirectional: Do shifts of attention facilitate activation of corresponding conceptual information? To test this, a peripheral cue was used to induce shifts of attention to a peripheral location, and the effect of this shift on concept processing was measured with a standard lexical-decision task in which participants made word/nonword responses to a letter string presented at fixation (Experiments 1 and 3), or with a modified lexical-decision task in which participants made English/Dutch judgments of a word presented auditorily (Experiment 2)...
February 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364784/assessing-the-relationships-among-stress-god-mediated-control-and-psychological-distress-well-being-does-the-level-of-education-matter
#16
Neal Krause
One of the primary functions of religion is to help people cope with the stressful life events. The purpose of the current study is to see if God-mediated control beliefs perform this stress-buffering function. God-mediated control refers to the belief that people work together with God to reduce the effects of unwanted stressors in their lives. An effort is made to probe this relationship more deeply by seeing whether the stress moderating function of God-mediated control beliefs varies across levels of educational attainment...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361966/the-experiences-of-people-with-diabetes-related-lower-limb-amputation-at-the-komfo-anokye-teaching-hospital-kath-in-ghana
#17
Vida Maame Kissiwaa Amoah, Reindolf Anokye, Enoch Acheampong, Helina Rubby Dadson, Mary Osei, Alberta Nadutey
OBJECTIVE: Lower limb amputation not only causes major disfigurement, but renders people less mobile and at risk of loss of independence. Yet with appropriate rehabilitation, many people can learn to walk or function again and live high quality lives. This study sought to explore the experiences of patients with diabetes-related lower limb amputation at the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital. An exploratory study design was adopted using a qualitative approach and a purposive sampling to select 10 participants for the study...
January 24, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361585/the-reluctant-visitor-an-alkaloid-in-toxic-nectar-can-reduce-olfactory-learning-and-memory-in-asian-honey-bees
#18
Junjun Zhang, Zhengwei Wang, Ping Wen, Yufeng Qu, Ken Tan, James C Nieh
The nectar of the thunder god vine, Tripterygium hypoglaucum, contains a terpenoid, triptolide (TRP), that may be toxic to the sympatric Asian honey bee, Apis cerana, because honey produced from this nectar is toxic to bees. However, these bees will forage on, recruit for, and pollinate this plant during a seasonal dearth of preferred food sources. Olfactory learning plays a key role in forager constancy and pollination, and we therefore tested the effects of acute and chronic TRP feeding on forager olfactory learning, using proboscis extension reflex conditioning...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354866/congenital-anomalies-of-the-limbs-in-mythology-and-antiquity
#19
REVIEW
Andreas F Mavrogenis, Konstantinos Markatos, Vasilios Nikolaou, Ariadne Gartziou-Tatti, Panayotis N Soucacos
Congenital anomalies of the limbs have been observed since ancient human civilizations, capturing the imagination of ancient physicians and people. The knowledge of the era could not possibly theorize on the biologic aspects of these anomalies; however, from the very beginning of civilization the spiritual status of people attempted to find a logical explanation for the existence of such cases. The next logical step of the spiritual and religious system of the ancients was to correlate these anomalies with the Gods and to attribute them to a different level of existence in order to rationalize their existence...
January 21, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353072/development-of-subcortical-volumes-across-adolescence-in-males-and-females-a-multisample-study-of-longitudinal-changes
#20
Megan M Herting, Cory Johnson, Kathryn L Mills, Nandita Vijayakumar, Meg Dennison, Chang Liu, Anne-Lise Goddings, Ronald E Dahl, Elizabeth R Sowell, Sarah Whittle, Nicholas B Allen, Christian K Tamnes
The developmental patterns of subcortical brain volumes in males and females observed in previous studies have been inconsistent. To help resolve these discrepancies, we examined developmental trajectories using three independent longitudinal samples of participants in the age-span of 8-22 years (total 216 participants and 467 scans). These datasets, including Pittsburgh (PIT; University of Pittsburgh, USA), NeuroCognitive Development (NCD; University of Oslo, Norway), and Orygen Adolescent Development Study (OADS; The University of Melbourne, Australia), span three countries and were analyzed together and in parallel using mixed-effects modeling with both generalized additive models and general linear models...
January 15, 2018: NeuroImage
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