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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097177/spirituality-a-panacea-for-patients-coping-with-heart-failure
#1
Parvin Mangolian Shahrbabaki, Esmat Nouhi, Majid Kazemi, Fazlollah Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Many patients with heart failure grapple with related problems that threaten their feeling of well-being and quality of life. Patients look for ways to cope with the new situation. The present study aimed to explore religious coping from the perspective of patients with heart failure. METHODS: This qualitative study used the content analysis of the semi-structured interviews. The data were collected from 18 participants referring to training hospitals in Kerman University of Medical Sciences in southeastern Iran...
January 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074706/christians-cut-popular-religion-and-the-global-health-campaign-for-medical-male-circumcision-in-swaziland
#2
Casey Golomski, Sonene Nyawo
Swaziland faces one of the worst HIV epidemics in the world and is a site for the current global health campaign in sub-Saharan Africa to medically circumcise the majority of the male population. Given that Swaziland is also majority Christian, how does the most popular religion influence acceptance, rejection or understandings of medical male circumcision? This article considers interpretive differences by Christians across the Kingdom's three ecumenical organisations, showing how a diverse group people singly glossed as 'Christian' in most public health acceptability studies critically rejected the procedure in unity, but not uniformly...
January 11, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074312/barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-adherence-to-exclusive-breastfeeding-practices-among-hiv-infected-and-non-infected-women-in-jos-nigeria
#3
Bronwynè Coetzee, Mark Tomlinson, Sophia Osawe, Alash'le Amibiku, Ashraf Kagee
Objectives In Nigeria adherence to exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) practices is currently suboptimal and a better understanding of the factors affecting adherence to EBF is needed. We sought to identify and delineate the barriers to and facilitators of adherence to EBF amongst HIV-infected and uninfected women in Nigeria. Methods We explored the barriers and facilitators to EBF amongst 37 (25 HIV-infected and 12 HIV-uninfected) pregnant women attending an antenatal clinic in Jos, Nigeria. In-depth interviews were conducted with each of the pregnant women in their third trimester of pregnancy and again 1 month after giving birth...
January 10, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068503/talking-about-god-with-trauma-survivors
#4
Colin A Ross
Severe, chronic childhood trauma commonly results in a set of negative core self-beliefs. These include blaming the self for the abuse, feeling unworthy and unlovable, believing the world would be better off if one committed suicide, and believing that one does not deserve peace or happiness. Linked to these cognitive errors are beliefs that one is not worthy of God's love, that God wanted the person to be abused, and that the person can avoid God's judgment if she does not go to church. Strategies for dealing with these cognitive errors about God are presented within the context of a secular psychotherapy...
December 31, 2016: American Journal of Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059274/general-optical-discrete-z-transform-design-and-application
#5
Nam Quoc Ngo
This paper presents a generalization of the discrete z transform algorithm. It is shown that the GOD-ZT algorithm is a generalization of several important conventional discrete transforms. Based on the GOD-ZT algorithm, a tunable general optical discrete z transform (GOD-ZT) processor is synthesized using the silica-based finite impulse response transversal filter. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the method, the design and simulation of a tunable optical discrete Fourier transform (ODFT) processor as a special case of the synthesized GOD-ZT processor is presented...
December 20, 2016: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042922/patient-readmission-for-orthopedic-surgical-site-infection-an-hermeneutic-phenomenological-approach
#6
Lilian Machado Torres, Ruth Natalia Teresa Turrini, Miriam Aparecida Barbosa Merighi
AIM: To explore the individual experience of being readmitted for SSI resulting from orthopedic surgery. BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection has been a cause of concern worldwide and contributes to the greatest number of hospital readmission occurrences. Health professionals must understand the meaning of these readmissions for the individual, as an understanding of these exclusive experiences improve the quality of surgical care. DESIGN: Qualitative research based on the existential phenomenology of Martin Heidegger...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032318/psychometric-properties-of-the-persian-version-of-the-god-locus-of-health-control-glhc-a-study-on-muslim-pilgrims
#7
Amir Reza Nabipour, Nouzar Nakhaee, Narges Khanjani, Maryam Soltani, Hossein Zirak Moradlou, Zahrasadat Soltani
God Locus of Health Control (GHLC) scale is an instrument for assessing to what extent one believes that God controls his/her health or disease. The aim of this study was to describe the cultural adaptation of this scale and to investigate the psychometric properties of Persian version. At first, the scale was forward-translated to Persian, and then, backward-translation was conducted. Finally, the synthesized back-translated version was prepared and compared to the draft Persian-language version of the GLHC...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006988/the-use-of-spirituality-and-religiosity-in-coping-with-colorectal-cancer
#8
Nazi Nejat, Lisa Whitehead, Marie Crowe
BACKGROUND: Spirituality and religiosity are reported as important in coping with cancer. Little work has focussed on colorectal cancer and expanding cultural understanding is important in the provision of holistic care through transcultural nursing. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to explore and compare the use of spirituality and religiosity in coping with colorectal cancer in New Zealand and Iran. METHODS: A cross-sectional qualitative approach involving interviews conducted in New Zealand (n=20) and Iran (n=20)...
December 22, 2016: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005724/one-global-community-under-god-in-one-arena-the-spirit-of-the-olympics-put-us-all-together-avoiding-global-diversity-to-further-move-forward
#9
Mutaz B Habal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005352/active-antibacterial-and-antifouling-surface-coating-via-a-facile-one-step-enzymatic-cross-linking
#10
Changzhu Wu, Karin Schwibbert, Katharina Achazi, Petra Landsberger, Anna Gorbushina, Rainer Haag
Prevention of microbial contamination of surfaces is one of the biggest challenges for biomedical applications. Establishing a stable, easily produced, highly antibacterial surface coating offers an efficient solution but remains a technical difficulty. Here, we report on a new approach to create an in situ hydrogel film-coating on glass surfaces made by enzymatic cross-linking under physiological conditions. The cross-linking is catalyzed by horseradish peroxidase (HRP)/glucose oxidase (GOD)-coupled cascade reactions in the presence of glucose and results in 3D dendritic polyglycerol (dPG) scaffolds bound to the surface of glass...
December 22, 2016: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002949/comprehensive-study-of-the-effects-of-nanopore-structures-on-enzyme-activity-for-the-enzyme-based-electrochemical-biosensors-based-on-molecular-simulation
#11
Guang Yang, Bo Liang, Qin Zhu, Yichuan Hu, Xuesong Ye
Assembly of biocompatible nanostructures to retain the enzyme activity and improve the biocatalytic ability is a decisive factor for enhancing the performance of enzyme biosensors. However, there is still a lack of molecular level understandings of the physicochemical interaction mechanism at the interface of biosensor electrodes and enzymes. Here, for the first time at molecular level, the effects of two classic biosensor electrode materials with different electrical properties and morphologies and glucose oxidase (GOD) on retaining the enzyme conformation were analyzed by molecular dynamics simulation...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996929/when-trust-in-god-means-preemptive-refusal-of-c-section
#12
Birgitta Sujdak Mackiewicz, Stephen Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990616/the-relationship-between-religion-and-risky-behaviors-among-iranian-university-students
#13
Zahra Ameri, Fahimeh Mirzakhani, Amir Reza Nabipour, Narges Khanjani, Mark J M Sullman
One factor that protects an individual from risky behavior is religiosity, which is referred to as a shield against risky behaviors. Belief in God and religion plays an important role in young people's lives, and in comparison with their non-religious peers. They engage less frequently in risky behaviors, such as violence and sexual relations. The present study investigated the relationship between religiosity and engagement in risky behaviors among students from the Pishva branch of the Islamic Azad University, Tehran Province in Iran...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976984/retirement-planning-among-hispanics-in-god-s-hands
#14
Luisa R Blanco, Emma Aguila, Arturo Gongora, O Kenrik Duru
We conducted a qualitative study on retirement preparedness among middle-aged and older low-income Hispanics in Los Angeles. Data derived from four focus groups conducted in the greater Los Angeles area. Findings demonstrate how behavioral and cultural factors-family experiences, religiosity, and denial of retirement-explain the lack of savings and preparedness for retirement. Findings also indicate that the majority of participants want to be economically independent and to keep working until they are unable to do so...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975118/-pkt-palliative-competence-test-for-physicians-design-and-validation-of-a%C3%A2-questionnaire-to-assess-knowledge-and-specific-self-efficacy-expectations-of-physicians-in-palliative-care
#15
V Mosich, T Sellner-Pogány, J Wallner
BACKGROUND: Providing end of life care for dying patients and those with life-threatening diseases is one of the core competences of physician. During the course of training all physicians should develop a sharpened perception of symptoms and acquire competence in the relief and therapy of pain. OBJECTIVES: The Hospital of Saint John of God in Vienna, Austria, provides an educational program for residents concerning end of life care. Treatment of pain is one of the major topics...
December 14, 2016: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969081/knowledge-attitude-and-social-distance-practices-of-young-undergraduates-towards-mental-illness-in-india-a-comparative-analysis
#16
Aggarwal Shruti, Shalini Singh, Dinesh Kataria
The success of the current model of psychiatric care depends on de-stigmatization of mental illnesses, highlighting the need for research on perception of mental illnesses. This study compared the knowledge, attitude and social distancing practices of the young undergraduate sub-population towards mental illness. A cross-sectional survey was done using a pretested questionnaire, which in addition to demographic details assessed exposure, knowledge, attitude and social distancing practices for mental illnesses...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938723/from-secondary-causes-to-artificial-instruments-pierre-sylvain-r%C3%A3-gis-s-rethinking-of-scholastic-accounts-of-causation
#17
Andrea Sangiacomo
Although several of Descartes's disciples established occasionalism as the natural outcome of Cartesianism, Pierre-Sylvain Régis forcefully resisted this conclusion by developing an account of secondary causes in which God does not immediately intervene in the natural world. In order to understand this view, it has been argued that Régis melds Aquinas's concurrentism with the new, mechanist natural philosophy defended in Cartesian physics. In this paper, I contend that such a reading of Régis's position is misleading for our understanding of both his account of secondary causality and the relationship between medieval debates and seventeenth century natural philosophy...
December 2016: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938305/choosing-to-live-or-die-online-narratives-of-recovering-from-methamphetamine-abuse
#18
Christopher O Obong'o, Adam C Alexander, Prachi P Chavan, Patrick J Dillon, Satish K Kedia
The goal of this study is to explore motivating factors for recovering from methamphetamine abuse. The source of data was 202 anonymous letters and stories submitted to an online support platform for methamphetamine users. Qualitative data were analyzed in Dedoose software using grounded theory methodology. Ten primary motivating factors for recovering from methamphetamine abuse were identified and mapped onto four constructs from the Health Belief Model: (1) perceived susceptibility (learning from others and learning from self); (2) perceived severity (fear of death and declining health); (3) perceived benefits (reconnecting with family, reconnecting with society, and recovering self-esteem); and (4) cues to action (hitting rock bottom, finding God, and becoming pregnant)...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931563/brazilian-healthcare-professionals-a-study-of-attitudes-toward-organ-donation
#19
C Araujo, M Siqueira
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals have a crucial role in organ donation and transplantation processes. Their attitude toward organ donation can affect public opinion and the donation decision made by deceased donors' relatives. The objectives of the study were to analyze the attitude of medical and nursing personnel toward deceased organ donation in two hospitals in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and the factors that can affect this attitude. METHODS: A random sample (n = 162) was selected from the population of nurses and physicians in the hospitals analyzed...
December 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929301/the-dark-side-of-the-sublime-distinguishing-a-threat-based-variant-of-awe
#20
Amie M Gordon, Jennifer E Stellar, Craig L Anderson, Galen D McNeil, Daniel Loew, Dacher Keltner
Theoretical conceptualizations of awe suggest this emotion can be more positive or negative depending on specific appraisal processes. However, the emergent scientific study of awe rarely emphasizes its negative side, classifying it instead as a positive emotion. In the present research we tested whether there is a more negative variant of awe that arises in response to vast, complex stimuli that are threatening (e.g., tornadoes, terrorist attack, wrathful god). We discovered people do experience this type of awe with regularity (Studies 1 & 4) and that it differs from other variants of awe in terms of its underlying appraisals, subjective experience, physiological correlates, and consequences for well-being...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
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