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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429065/rapid-electrochemical-quantification-of-salmonella-pullorum-and-salmonella-gallinarum-based-on-glucose-oxidase-and-antibody-modified-silica-nanoparticles
#1
Yiheng Luo, Wenchao Dou, Guangying Zhao
In this article, a facile and sensitive electrochemical method for quantification of Salmonella Pullorum and Salmonella Gallinarum (S. Pullorum and S. Gallinarum) was established by monitoring glucose consumption with a personal glucose meter (PGM). Antibody-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles (IgG-MNPs) were used to capture and enrich S. Pullorum and S. Gallinarum, and IgG-MNPs-S. Pullorum and IgG-MNPs-S. Gallinarum complexes were magnetically separated from a sample using a permanent magnet. The trace tag was prepared by loading polyclonal antibodies and high-content glucose oxidase on amino-functionalized silica nanoparticles (IgG-SiNPs-GOx)...
April 21, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426543/perspectives-and-experiences-related-to-help-seeking-behaviors-a-content-analysis-study-of-iranian-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#2
Leili Rabiei, HeidarAli Abedi, Parvin Abedi, Kourosh Zarea, Reza Masoudi
BACKGROUND: Patients with multiple sclerosis practice help-seeking behaviors largely because of the progression of this physically exhausting disease, which has far reaching psychosocial consequences and requires hospitalization during severe disease exacerbations. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe the perspectives and experiences of Iranian patients with multiple sclerosis regarding help-seeking behaviors. METHODS: A qualitative design, based on the content analysis approach, was used...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425191/thank-god-it-s-friday-sleep-improved
#3
Helena Petersen, Göran Kecklund, Paolo D'Onofrio, John Axelsson, Torbjörn Åkerstedt
The weekend is usually seen as a window of recovery. Thus, sleep before a day off may be less impaired than that before a workday. However, very few polysomnographical studies have investigated this hypothesis. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to compare sleep before a workday with that before a weekend. Seventeen teachers participated. Sleep was recorded with polysomnography on one weekday night during the workweek, and on a workday (Friday) followed by a day off. Sleep diaries and actigraphs were also used...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403215/rv3634c-from-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-h37rv-encodes-an-enzyme-with-udp-gal-glc-and-udp-galnac-4-epimerase-activities
#4
Peehu Pardeshi, K Krishnamurthy Rao, Petety V Balaji
A bioinformatics study revealed that Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv (Mtb) contains sequence homologs of Campylobacter jejuni protein glycosylation enzymes. The ORF Rv3634c from Mtb was identified as a sequence homolog of C. jejuni UDP-Gal/GalNAc 4-epimerase. This study reports the cloning of Rv3634c and its expression as an N-terminal His-tagged protein. The recombinant protein was shown to have UDP-Gal/Glc 4-epimerase activity by GOD-POD assay and by reverse phase HPLC. This enzyme was shown to have UDP-GalNAc 4-epimerase activity also...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394728/destroying-false-images-of-god-the-experiences-of-lgbt-catholics
#5
Angele Deguara
This paper is about how lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) Catholics imagine God1(1) and how images of God change in parallel with their self-image. The study is based on qualitative research with LGBT Catholics most of whom are members of Drachma LGBTI in Malta or Ali d'Aquila in Palermo, Sicily. LGBT Catholics' image of God changes as they struggle to reconcile their religious and sexual identities, as they go through a process of "conversion" from deviants and sinners to loved children of God. One study participant compares his faith in God to peeling an onion: "With every layer one peels off, one destroys false images of God...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394156/the-readiness-for-integrated-care-questionnaire-ricq-an-instrument-to-assess-readiness-to-integrate-behavioral-health-and-primary-care
#6
Victoria C Scott, Tara Kenworthy, Erin Godly-Reynolds, Gilberte Bastien, Jonathan Scaccia, Courtney McMickens, Sharon Rachel, Sayon Cooper, Glenda Wrenn, Abraham Wandersman
Integration of behavioral health and primary care services is a promising approach for reducing health disparities. The growing national emphasis on care coordination has mobilized efforts to integrate behavioral health and primary care services across the United States. These efforts align with broader health care system goals of improving health care quality, health equity, utilization efficiency, and patient outcomes. Drawing from our work on a multiyear integrated care initiative (Integrated Care Leadership Program; ICLP) and an implementation science heuristic for organizational readiness (Readiness = Motivation x General Capacity and Innovation-Specific Capacity; R = MC2), this article describes the development and implementation of a tool to assess organizational readiness for integrated care, referred to as the Readiness for Integrated Care Questionnaire (RICQ)...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387570/seeking-and-accepting-u-s-clergy-theological-and-moral-perspectives-informing-decision-making-at-the-end-of-life
#7
Justin J Sanders, Vinca Chow, Andrea C Enzinger, Tai-Chung Lam, Patrick T Smith, Rebecca Quiñones, Andrew Baccari, Sarah Philbrick, Gloria White-Hammond, John Peteet, Tracy A Balboni, Michael J Balboni
BACKGROUND: People with serious illness frequently rely on religion/spirituality to cope with their diagnosis, with potentially positive and negative consequences. Clergy are uniquely positioned to help patients consider medical decisions at or near the end of life within a religious/spiritual framework. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine clergy knowledge of end-of-life (EOL) care and beliefs about the role of faith in EOL decision making for patients with serious illness...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385112/influence-of-religion-on-later-burden-and-health-of-new-black-and-white-caregivers
#8
Carla R A Fider, Jerry W Lee, Peter C Gleason, Patricia Jones
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the relationship between positive aspects of religiosity and reduced stress in caregivers, and negative aspects of religiosity and increased caregiver burden. METHOD: Using data from the Biopsychosocial Religion and Health Study, we performed multiple linear regression analysis on 584 caregivers. RESULTS: Mental health, but not physical health, was predicted by caregiver burden. Caregivers who viewed God as loving and not controlling and felt a sense of community with their church family had less burden...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376620/bioresponsive-release-system-for-visual-fluorescence-detection-of-carcinoembryonic-antigen-from-mesoporous-silica-nanocontainers-mediated-optical-color-on-quantum-dot-enzyme-impregnated-paper
#9
Zhenli Qiu, Jian Shu, Dianping Tang
An all-in-one paper-based analytical device (PAD) was successfully developed for visual fluorescence detection of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) on CdTe/CdSe quantum dot (QD)-enzyme-impregnated paper by coupling with a bioresponsive controlled-release system from DNA-gated mesoporous silica nanocontainers (MSNs). The assay was carried out in a centrifuge tube by using glucose-loaded MSNs with a CEA aptamer and a QD-enzyme-paper attached on the lid. Initially, single-strand complementary DNA to a CEA aptamer was covalently conjugated to the aminated MSN, and then glucose (enzyme substrate) molecules were gated into the pore with the help of the aptamer...
April 12, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364703/a-sensitive-immunosensor-via-in-situ-enzymatically-generating-efficient-quencher-for-electrochemiluminescence-of-iridium-complexes-doped-sio2-nanoparticles
#10
Wenbin Liang, Ying Zhuo, Chengyi Xiong, Yingning Zheng, Yaqin Chai, Ruo Yuan
A sensitive electrochemiluminescent (ECL) sandwich immunosensor was proposed herein based on the tris (2-phenylpyridine) iridium [Ir(ppy)3] doped silica nanoparticles (SiO2@Ir) with improved ECL emission as signal probes and glucose oxidase (GOD)-based in situ enzymatic reaction to generate H2O2 for efficiently quenching the ECL emission of SiO2@Ir. Typically, the SiO2@Ir not only increased the loading amount of Ir(ppy)3 as ECL indicators with high ECL emission, but also improved their water-solubility, which efficiently enhanced the ECL emission...
March 27, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343285/the-prevalence-and-antecedents-of-religious-beliefs-about-health-control-in-the-us-population-variations-by-race-and-religious-background
#11
R David Hayward, Neal Krause, Kenneth Pargament
The ways in which religious beliefs influence beliefs about health have important implications for motivation to engage in positive health behaviors and comply with medical treatment. This study examines the prevalence of two health-related religious beliefs: belief in healing miracles and deferral of responsibility for health outcomes to God. Data came from a representative nationwide US survey of religion and health (N = 3010). Full-factorial ANOVA indicated that there were significant differences in both dimensions of belief by race, by religious background, and by the interaction between the two...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343283/the-types-of-trust-involved-in-american-muslim-healthcare-decisions-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#12
Aasim I Padela, Liese Pruitt, Saleha Mallick
Trust in physicians and the healthcare system underlies some disparities noted among minority populations, yet a descriptive typology of different types of trust informing healthcare decisions among minority populations is limited. Using data from 13 focus groups with 102 American Muslims, we identified the types and influence of trust in healthcare decision-making. Participants conveyed four types of trust implicating their health-seeking behaviors-(I) trust in allopathic medicine, (II) trust in God, (III) trust in personal relationships, and (IV) trust in self...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342144/transformational-analysis-and-religious-experience
#13
Christian Gostečnik, Tanja Repič Slavič, Tanja Pate, Robert Cvetek
The therapeutic process, which taps into the individual's most vulnerable inner experience, can always reach a radical reversal of one's perception of religion and God, which may be askew due to deep trauma. This transformation caused by the therapeutic relationship can reciprocally help to resolve one's deep and complicated issues, while at the same time radically altering their relationship to religion. This is especially apparent among those who were cruelly and traumatically abused in their earliest stages of development...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338784/in-god-we-trust-neural-measures-reveal-lower-social-conformity-among-non-religious-individuals
#14
Ravi Thiruchselvam, Yashoda Gopi, Leonard Kilekwang, Jessica Harper, James J Gross
Even in predominantly religious societies, there are substantial individual differences in religious commitment. Why is this? One possibility is that differences in social conformity (i.e., the tendency to think and behave as others do) underlie inclination towards religiosity. However, the link between religiosity and conformity has not yet been directly examined. In this study, we tested the notion that non-religious individuals show dampened social conformity, using both self-reported and neural (EEG-based ERPs) measures of sensitivity to others' influence...
February 21, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335326/tuning-the-emission-energy-of-chemically-doped-graphene-quantum-dots
#15
Noor-Ul-Ain, Martin O Eriksson, Susann Schmidt, M Asghar, Pin-Cheng Lin, Per Olof Holtz, Mikael Syväjärvi, G Reza Yazdi
Tuning the emission energy of graphene quantum dots (GQDs) and understanding the reason of tunability is essential for the GOD function in optoelectronic devices. Besides material-based challenges, the way to realize chemical doping and band gap tuning also pose a serious challenge. In this study, we tuned the emission energy of GQDs by substitutional doping using chlorine, nitrogen, boron, sodium, and potassium dopants in solution form. Photoluminescence data obtained from (Cl- and N-doped) GQDs and (B-, Na-, and K-doped) GQDs, respectively exhibited red- and blue-shift with respect to the photoluminescence of the undoped GQDs...
November 3, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322056/preparation-of-ultrathin-robust-nanohybrid-capsules-through-a-beyond-biomineralization-method
#16
Shaohua Zhang, Zhongyi Jiang, Weilun Qian, Jiafu Shi, Xiaoli Wang, Lei Tang, Hongjian Zou, Hua Liu
Herein, a facile and generic method is developed to prepare ultrathin, robust nanohybrid capsules by manipulating the dynamic structure of supramolecular nanocoatings on CaCO3 sacrificial templates by incorporating a multivalent-anion substitution process into biomineralization. Above the biomineralization level, multivalent anions, for example, phosphate, sulfate, or citrate, are used to initiate the assembly of polyamine into continuous (nonsegregated) polyamine-anion supramolecular nanocoatings on CaCO3 sacrificial templates...
March 30, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304261/self-care-motivation-among-patients-with-heart-failure-a-qualitative-study-based-on-orem-s-theory
#17
Ghasem Abotalebidariasari, Robabe Memarian, Zohreh Vanaki, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Nasim Naderi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Initiating and adhering to self-care activities necessitate self-care motivation. This study was undertaken in Iran to explore self-care motivation among patients with heart failure (HF). METHODS: This qualitative study was done in 2014 and 2015. Study participants were patients with HF and their family members who were purposively selected from Shaheed Rajaei Cardiovascular, Medical and Research Center, Tehran, Iran. The study data were collected from December 2014 to May 2015 by doing in-depth semistructured face-to-face interviews and were analyzed via the directed content analysis approach...
November 1, 2016: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299257/cleft-lip-and-palate-parental-experiences-of-stigma-discrimination-and-social-structural-inequalities
#18
Wasiu Lanre Adeyemo, Olutayo James, Azeez Butali
BACKGROUND: Cleft lip and palate (CLP) are the most common craniofacial birth impairment and one of the most common congenital impairments in humans. Anecdotal evidence suggests that stigmatization, discrimination, and sociocultural inequalities are common "phenomenon" experienced by families of children with CLP in Nigeria. This study aimed to explore the stigmatization, discrimination, and sociocultural inequalities experiences of families with children born with CLP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out at the surgical outpatient cleft clinic of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291263/circumcision-does-not-alter-long-term-glucocorticoids-accumulation-or-psychological-effects-associated-with-trauma-and-stressor-related-disorders
#19
E Ullmann, J Licinio, A Barthel, K Petrowski, B Oratovski, T Stalder, C Kirschbaum, S R Bornstein
Male infants and boys through early adolescence can undergo circumcision either for the sake of upholding religious traditions or for medical reasons. According to both, Jewish as well as Islamic tenets, circumcision is a religious rite symbolizing the bond with God. The World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Council (UNC) as well as the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) strongly recommend circumcision to promote hygiene and prevent disease...
March 14, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281149/ethical-concerns-about-human-genetic-enhancement-in-the-malay-science-fiction-novels
#20
Noor Munirah Isa, Muhammad Fakhruddin Hj Safian Shuri
Advancements in science and technology have not only brought hope to humankind to produce disease-free offspring, but also offer possibilities to genetically enhance the next generation's traits and capacities. Human genetic enhancement, however, raises complex ethical questions, such as to what extent should it be allowed? It has been a great challenge for humankind to develop robust ethical guidelines for human genetic enhancement that address both public concerns and needs. We believe that research about public concerns is necessary prior to developing such guidelines, yet the issues have not been thoroughly investigated in many countries, including Malaysia...
March 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
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