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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833206/non-faith-based-arguments-against-physician-assisted-suicide-and-euthanasia
#1
Daniel P Sulmasy, John M Travaline, Louise A Mitchell, E Wesley Ely
This article is a complement to "A Template for Non-Religious-Based Discussions Against Euthanasia" by Melissa Harintho, Nathaniel Bloodworth, and E. Wesley Ely which appeared in the February 2015 Linacre Quarterly. Herein we build upon Daniel Sulmasy's opening and closing arguments from the 2014 Intelligence Squared debate on legalizing assisted suicide, supplemented by other non-faith-based arguments and thoughts, providing four nontheistic arguments against physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia: (1) "it offends me"; (2) slippery slope; (3) "pain can be alleviated"; (4) physician integrity and patient trust...
August 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793145/tuberculosis-patients-pre-hospital-delay-and-non-compliance-with-a-longstanding-dot-programme-a-mixed-methods-study-in-urban-zambia
#2
Anne Lia Cremers, René Gerrets, Nathan Kapata, Austin Kabika, Emma Birnie, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Martin P Grobusch
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major health problem in Zambia, despite considerable efforts to control and prevent it. With this study, we aim to understand how perceptions and cultural, social, economic, and organisational factors influence TB patients' pre-hospital delay and non-compliance with care provided by the National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP). METHODS: A mixed methods study was conducted with 300 TB patients recruited at Kanyama clinic for structured interviews...
October 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739026/the-role-of-fear-related-behaviors-in-the-2013-2016-west-africa-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak
#3
James M Shultz, Janice L Cooper, Florence Baingana, Maria A Oquendo, Zelde Espinel, Benjamin M Althouse, Louis Herns Marcelin, Sherry Towers, Maria Espinola, Clyde B McCoy, Laurie Mazurik, Milton L Wainberg, Yuval Neria, Andreas Rechkemmer
The 2013-2016 West Africa Ebola virus disease pandemic was the largest, longest, deadliest, and most geographically expansive outbreak in the 40-year interval since Ebola was first identified. Fear-related behaviors played an important role in shaping the outbreak. Fear-related behaviors are defined as "individual or collective behaviors and actions initiated in response to fear reactions that are triggered by a perceived threat or actual exposure to a potentially traumatizing event. FRBs modify the future risk of harm...
November 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561332/why-do-marital-partners-of-people-living-with-hiv-not-test-for-hiv-a-qualitative-study-in-lusaka-zambia
#4
Maurice Musheke, Sonja Merten, Virginia Bond
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of HIV status is crucial for HIV prevention and management in marital relationships. Yet some marital partners of people living with HIV decline HIV testing despite knowing the HIV-positive status of their partners. To date, little research has explored the reasons for this. METHODS: An exploratory qualitative study was undertaken in Lusaka, Zambia, between March 2010 and September 2011, nested within a larger ethnographic study. In-depth interviews were held with individuals who knew the HIV-positive status of their marital partners but never sought HIV testing (n = 30) and HIV service providers of a public sector clinic (n = 10)...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549895/the-role-of-traditional-health-practitioners-in-rural-kwazulu-natal-south-africa-generic-or-mode-specific
#5
Thembelihle Zuma, Daniel Wight, Tamsen Rochat, Mosa Moshabela
BACKGROUND: Traditional health practitioners (THPs) play a vital role in the health care of the majority of the South African population and elsewhere on the African continent. However, many studies have challenged the role of THPs in health care. Concerns raised in the literature include the rationale, safety and effectiveness of traditional health practices and methods, as well as what informs them. This paper explores the processes followed in becoming a traditional healer and how these processes are related to THP roles...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538792/towards-an-integrated-approach-to-health-and-medicine-in-africa
#6
Kezia Batisai
UNLABELLED: This article frames the intersections of medicine and humanities as intrinsic to understanding the practice of health care in Africa. Central to this manuscript, which draws on empirical findings on the interplay between HIV and AIDS and alternative medicine in Zimbabwe is the realisation that very limited research has been undertaken to examine 'HIV/AIDS patient behaviour' with respect to choice of therapy on the continent [Bene, M. & Darkoh, M. B. K. (2014). The Constraints of Antiretroviral Uptake in Rural Areas: The Case of Thamaga and Surrounding Villages, Botswana...
December 2016: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453842/has-the-inclusion-of-a-longitudinally-integrated-communication-skills-program-improved-consultation-skills-in-medical-students-a-pilot-study
#7
Sameena Shah, Marie Andrades, Fasia Basir, Anila Jaleel, Iqbal Azam, Muhammad Islam, Rashida Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Evidence highlights a lack of communication skills in doctors leading to dysfunctional consultations. To address this deficit, a private medical college instituted curricular reforms with inclusion of a longitudinal communication skills program. A pilot study was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of this program by comparing the consultation skills of medical students of this college with a medical college without a communication skills program. METHODS: A 4-station Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) was conducted in the third and final year...
January 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445878/manipulating-the-placebo-response-in-experimental-pain-by-altering-doctor-s-performance-style
#8
Efrat Czerniak, Anat Biegon, Amitai Ziv, Orit Karnieli-Miller, Mark Weiser, Uri Alon, Atay Citron
BACKGROUND: Performance is paramount in traditional healing rituals. From a Western perspective, such performative behavior can be understood principally as inducing patients' faith in the performer's supernatural healing powers and effecting positive changes through the same mechanisms attributed to the placebo response, which is defined as improvement of clinical outcome in individuals receiving inactive treatment. Here we examined the possibility of using theatrical performance tools, including stage directions and scripting, to reproducibly manipulate the style and content of a simulated doctor-patient encounter and influence the placebo response in experimental pain...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27280232/perception-and-attitude-towards-ebola-virus-disease-among-traditional-healers-in-ibadan-nigeria
#9
K Aminu, A S Jegede
BACKGROUND: Nigeria experienced her first outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in the second-half of 2014. Since its first occurrence in Zaire and Sudan in 1976, most studies on EVD were clinically based and were carried out using biomedical approaches. No empirical social science/behavioural-oriented study exists on the deadly EVD in Nigeria. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the traditional healers' perception and attitude towards Ebola virus disease in Ibadan metropolis...
September 2015: African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27199281/how-can-mental-health-and-faith-based-practitioners-work-together-a-case-study-of-collaborative-mental-health-in-gujarat-india
#10
Laura Shields, Ajay Chauhan, Ravindra Bakre, Milesh Hamlai, Durwin Lynch, Joske Bunders
Despite the knowledge that people with mental illness often seek care from multiple healing systems, there is limited collaboration between these systems. Greater collaboration with existing community resources could narrow the treatment gap and reduce fragmentation by encouraging more integrated care. This paper explores the origins, use, and outcomes of a collaborative programme between faith-based and allopathic mental health practitioners in India. We conducted 16 interviews with key stakeholders and examined demographic and clinical characteristics of the user population...
June 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27039013/u-s-physicians-opinions-about-accommodating-religiously-based-requests-for-continued-life-sustaining-treatment
#11
Derek D Ayeh, Hyo Jung Tak, John D Yoon, Farr A Curlin
CONTEXT: Families of critically ill patients occasionally request that physicians continue life-sustaining treatment (LST), sometimes giving religious reasons. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether U.S. physicians are more likely to accommodate requests for LST that are based on religious reasons. METHODS: In 2010, we surveyed 1156 practicing U.S. physicians from specialties likely to care for adult patients with advanced illness. The questionnaire included two randomized experimental vignettes: one where a family asked that LST be continued for a patient that met brain death criteria and a second where the son of an elderly patient with cancer insists on continuing LST...
June 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26952957/male-infertility-lifestyle-factors-and-holistic-complementary-and-alternative-therapies
#12
David F Yao, Jesse N Mills
While we may be comfortable with an allopathic approach to male infertility, we are also responsible for knowledge about lifestyle modifications and holistic, complementary, and alternative therapies that are used by many of our patients. This paper provides an evidence-based review separating fact from fiction for several of these therapies. There is sufficient literature to support weight reduction by diet and exercise, smoking cessation, and alcohol moderation. Supplements that have demonstrated positive effects on male fertility on small randomized controlled trial (RCT) include aescin, coenzyme Q 10 , glutathione, Korean red ginseng, L-carnitine, nigella sativa, omega-3, selenium, a combination of zinc and folate, and the Menevit antioxidant...
May 2016: Asian Journal of Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26925940/collaborative-efforts-in-the-community-faith-community-nurses-as-partners-in-healing
#13
Marilyn D Harris, Rachelle Longcoy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26895235/wholistic-health-care-evolutionary-conceptual-analysis
#14
Deborah Jean Ziebarth
While performing a data search to define "wholistic health care", it was evident that a definite gap existed in published literature. In addition, there are different definitions and several similar terms (whole person care, wholistic health, whole person health, wholism, etc.), which may cause confusion. The purpose of this paper was to present the analysis of "wholistic health care" using Rodgers' Evolutionary Method. The method allows for the historical and social nature of "wholistic health care" and how it changes over time...
October 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26878679/can-joan-of-arc-serve-as-an-enduring-model-of-empowerment-for-women-with-a-cancer-diagnosis
#15
Janet Lynn Roseman
CONTEXT: Many research studies have shown that arts-based medicine is a viable and effective medical strategy to help people with cancer improve the quality of their lives. The use of arts-based strategies that employ a figure from history as a source of support to help improve the quality of life has not been documented. OBJECTIVE: The current limited study allowed the author the ability to use the materials in her book, If Joan of Arc Had Cancer: Finding Courage, Faith, and Healing From History's Most Inspirational Woman Warrior, to provide support to women who were cancer survivors and to see if the use of Joan of Arc as a healing guide would be relevant...
2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26874526/locating-the-social-origins-of-mental-illness-the-explanatory-models-of-mental-illness-among-clergy-from-different-ethnic-and-faith-backgrounds
#16
Gerard Leavey, Kate Loewenthal, Michael King
Clergy have historically provided 'healing' through various spiritual and medical modalities and even in modern, developed welfare economies they may still be an important help-seeking resource. Partnerships between religion and psychiatry are regularly advocated, but there is scant research on clergy explanatory models of illness. This paper aimed to explore their relationship with psychiatry and to examine how clergy in various faith groups conceptualised mental health problems. In this qualitative study using in-depth interviews, these issues were explored with 32 practising clergy in the UK from a range of different Christian, Muslim and Jewish faith organisations and ethnic backgrounds...
October 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26794158/social-determinants-of-hiv-related-stigma-in-faith-based-organizations
#17
Jason D Coleman, Allan D Tate, Bambi Gaddist, Jacob White
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between social factors in faith-based settings (including religiosity and proximity to people living with HIV/AIDS) and HIV stigma. METHODS: A total of 1747 congregants from primarily African American faith-based organizations of Project FAITH (Fostering AIDS Initiatives That Heal), a South Carolina statewide initiative to address HIV-related stigma, completed a survey. RESULTS: Female gender (P = ...
March 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26792565/is-the-latarjet-procedure-risky-analysis-of-complications-and-learning-curve
#18
Florence Dauzère, Amélie Faraud, Julie Lebon, Marie Faruch, Pierre Mansat, Nicolas Bonnevialle
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyse the learning curve and complication rate of the open Latarjet procedure. METHODS: The first 68 Latarjet procedures performed by a single surgeon for chronic anterior shoulder instability were reviewed retrospectively. The standard open surgical technique was followed faithfully during each procedure. Post-operative complications were taken from patient medical records. Post-operative evaluation consisted of clinical and radiological assessments...
February 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26728521/the-radiographic-union-score-for-hip-rush-identifies-radiographic-nonunion-of-femoral-neck-fractures
#19
Tym Frank, Georg Osterhoff, Sheila Sprague, Alisha Garibaldi, Mohit Bhandari, Gerard P Slobogean
BACKGROUND: The Radiographic Union Score for Hip (RUSH) is a previously validated outcome instrument designed to improve intra- and interobserver reliability when describing the radiographic healing of femoral neck fractures. The ability to identify fractures that have not healed is important for defining nonunion in clinical trials and predicting patients who will likely require additional surgery to promote fracture healing. We sought to investigate the utility of the RUSH score to define femoral neck fracture nonunion...
June 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26701962/african-american-elders-serious-illness-experiences-narratives-of-god-did-god-will-and-life-is-better
#20
Heather Coats, Janice D Crist, Ann Berger, Esther Sternberg, Anne G Rosenfeld
The foundation of culturally sensitive patient-centered palliative care is formed from one's social, spiritual, psychological, and physical experiences of serious illness. The purpose of this study was to describe categories and patterns of psychological, social, and spiritual healing from the perspectives of aging seriously ill African American (AA) elders. Using narrative analysis methodology, 13 open-ended interviews were collected. Three main patterns were "prior experiences," "I changed," and "across past, present experiences and future expectations...
December 22, 2015: Qualitative Health Research
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