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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673371/mass-fatality-incident-preparedness-among-faith-based-organizations
#1
Qi Zhi, Jacqueline A Merrill, Robyn R Gershon
Introduction Members of faith-based organizations (FBOs) are in a unique position to provide support and services to their local communities during disasters. Because of their close community ties and well-established trust, they can play an especially critical role in helping communities heal in the aftermath of a mass-fatality incident (MFI). Faith-based organizations are considered an important disaster resource and partner under the National Response Plan (NRP) and National Response Framework; however, their level of preparedness and response capabilities with respect to MFIs has never been evaluated...
July 4, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605174/-now-that-you-are-circumcised-you-cannot-have-first-sex-with-your-wife-post-circumcision-sexual-behaviours-and-beliefs-among-men-in-wakiso-district-uganda
#2
Simon Peter Sebina Kibira, Lynn Muhimbuura Atuyambe, Ingvild Fossgard Sandøy, Fredrick Edward Makumbi, Marguerite Daniel
INTRODUCTION: Safe male circumcision is an important biomedical intervention in the comprehensive HIV prevention programmes implemented in 14 sub-Saharan African countries with high HIV prevalence. To sustain its partial protective benefit, it is important that perceived reduced HIV risk does not lead to behavioural risk compensation among circumcised men and their sexual partners. This study explored beliefs that may influence post circumcision sexual behaviours among circumcised men in a programme setting...
June 5, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598715/responding-to-a-suicide-death-the-role-of-first-responders
#3
Kenneth Norton
Effective response by first responders in the immediate aftermath of a suicide death can play a critical role in reducing risk and promoting healing for family, friends, and the larger community by helping people who are newly bereaved to cope with the immediate crisis, created by the death. They also can lay the foundation for the difficult journey of mourning and healing that must follow. Stressing the importance of a comprehensive and coordinated community response to suicide, this article addresses the principles and practices that are called for in the Guidelines by highlighting four distinct first responder communities: law enforcement and emergency medical services; medical examiners; funeral professionals; and clergy and faith leaders...
June 9, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595441/healing-spirituality-and-integrative-medicine
#4
David M Steinhorn, Jana Din, Angela Johnson
Spirituality plays a prominent role in the lives of most palliative patients whether or not they formally adhere to a specific religion and belief. As a result, the palliative care team is frequently called upon to support families who are experiencing their "dark night of the soul" and struggling to make sense of their lives during a healthcare crisis. While conventional religious practices provide a source of comfort and guidance for many of our patients, a significant number of our patients do not have a strong religious community to which to turn...
May 22, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585072/maternal-health-a-qualitative-study-of-male-partners-participation-in-lagos-nigeria
#5
Samuel Ojima Adejoh, Adetayo Olorunlana, Olatunji Olaosebikan
PURPOSE: Male involvement in maternal healthcare has been described as a key factor to reducing maternal mortality globally. Hence, this study investigated the choice of facility to be used during pregnancy and examined factors that influence male participation in maternal healthcare issues of their spouses as these factors may sometimes influence the choice of health care services for pregnant women. METHOD: The study was cross-sectional in design; the setting was at Badagry, Lagos, Nigeria...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492737/the-use-of-medicinal-plants-and-the-role-of-faith-in-family-care
#6
Crislaine Alves Barcellos de Lima, Ângela Roberta Alves Lima, Cledenir Vergara Mendonça, Caroline Vasconcellos Lopes, Rita Maria Heck
Objective: To understand the use of medicinal plants and the role of faith in the family care system. Method: The adopted methodology is qualitative research, conducted in April and July 2015, in a municipality of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, Brazil, with three informants who have knowledge of the healthcare practices. The data were interpreted using interpretive anthropology. Results: Data interpretation led to two categories: Medicinal plants in health care and Care with the use of plants in the blessing ritual...
May 4, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468026/psychiatry-and-religion-opponents-or-collaborators-the-power-of-spirituality-in-contemporary-psychiatry
#7
Miro Jakovljević
Religion and psychiatry have had complicated, sometimes neutral or friendly and cooperative, sometimes competitive and antagonistic relations over their long histories. Relations between psychiatry and religion are influenced by complex belief systems, each diverse and changing. Psychiatry has often ignored spiritual and religious dimension in health and illness while religions influenced the treatment of mental disorders directly by defining mental disorders as evil spirit possessions and prescribing exorcism as treatment...
April 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292299/adoption-reach-and-implementation-of-a-cancer-education-intervention-in-african-american-churches
#8
Sherie Lou Zara Santos, Erin K Tagai, Mary Ann Scheirer, Janice Bowie, Muhiuddin Haider, Jimmie Slade, Min Qi Wang, Cheryl L Holt
BACKGROUND: Use of technology is increasing in health promotion and has continued growth potential in intervention research. Guided by the Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework, this paper reports on the adoption, reach, and implementation of Project HEAL (Health through Early Awareness and Learning)-a community-based implementation trial of a cancer educational intervention in 14 African American churches. We compare adoption, reach, and implementation at the organizational and participant level for churches in which lay peer community health advisors (CHAs) were trained using traditional classroom didactic methods compared with a new online system...
March 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265784/-all-i-need-is-help-to-do-well-herbs-medicines-faith-and-syncretism-in-the-negotiation-of-elder-health-treatment-in-rural-ghana
#9
Eileen Smith-Cavros, Joyce Avotri-Wuaku, Albert Wuaku, Amal Bhullar
This qualitative research sought answers to questions about how elders in Agate, Ghana, coped with the challenges of illness in a rural village and in particular how they negotiated treatment for their illnesses within a flawed and limited healthcare system. In our study, 22 of 28 interviewees used all methods available to them (biomedical approaches [doctors and/or hospitals and/or doctor-prescribed medications], herbs, over-the-counter medicines [i.e., acetaminophen painkillers], and faith-based methods [praying/fasting/laying of hands/holy food and/or water]) in attempts to heal their illnesses...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262269/fracture-fixation-in-the-operative-management-of-hip-fractures-faith-an-international-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Reoperation rates are high after surgery for hip fractures. We investigated the effect of a sliding hip screw versus cancellous screws on the risk of reoperation and other key outcomes. METHODS: For this international, multicentre, allocation concealed randomised controlled trial, we enrolled patients aged 50 years or older with a low-energy hip fracture requiring fracture fixation from 81 clinical centres in eight countries. Patients were assigned by minimisation with a centralised computer system to receive a single large-diameter screw with a side-plate (sliding hip screw) or the present standard of care, multiple small-diameter cancellous screws...
April 15, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257354/promoting-compliance-when-faith-gets-in-the-way
#11
Barbara Lodge Haynes
Sixty-six percent of U.S. Christians report they believe God can heal supernaturally, 68% have prayed for someone to be healed supernaturally by God, and 27% state they have experienced a miraculous physical healing. Christians who hold such beliefs may struggle with seeking and adhering to a prescribed healthcare regimen, as well as experience shame. A health education seminar assisting congregants to view healthcare as compatible with faith was implemented and evaluated in a Christian faith community.
April 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214724/where-biomedicalisation-and-magic-meet-therapeutic-innovations-of-elite-sports-injury-in-british-professional-football-and-cycling
#12
Alex Faulkner, Michael McNamee, Catherine Coveney, Jonathan Gabe
Injury is a conspicuous feature of the practice and public spectacle of contemporary elite sports. The paper argues that the 'biomedicalisation' thesis (medico-industrial nexus, techno-scientific drivers, medical optimisation, biologisation, the rise of evidence and health surveillance) goes some way to capturing the use in elite sports injury of some highly specialised mainstream therapies and some highly maverick biological therapies, which are described. Nevertheless, these main strands of biomedicalisation do not capture the full range of these phenomena in the contexts of sports medicine and athletes' practices in accessing innovative, controversial therapies...
April 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097177/spirituality-a-panacea-for-patients-coping-with-heart-failure
#13
Parvin Mangolian Shahrbabaki, Esmat Nouhi, Majid Kazemi, Fazlollah Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Many patients with heart failure grapple with related problems that threaten their feeling of well-being and quality of life. Patients look for ways to cope with the new situation. The present study aimed to explore religious coping from the perspective of patients with heart failure. METHODS: This qualitative study used the content analysis of the semi-structured interviews. The data were collected from 18 participants referring to training hospitals in Kerman University of Medical Sciences in southeastern Iran...
January 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053899/unconventional-medical-practices-among-ghanaian-students-a-university-based-survey
#14
Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Williams Agyemang-Duah, Charlotte Monica Mensah, Francis Arthur, Roselyn Torkornoo, Padmore Adusei Amoah
Research on unconventional medical practices among students has proliferated lately in the global space, hitherto, little is known explicitly in Ghana. This paper teases out insights for recent utilisation patterns of traditional medical therapies at Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Ghana. A sample of 754, randomly selected undergraduates were involved in a retrospective cross-sectional survey. Data were analysed using multivariate logistic regression and Pearson's χ(2) test with p < 0...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930512/religious-stigmata-as-malingering-artifact-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Domenico Bonamonte, Michelangelo Vestita, Angela Filoni, Giuseppe Giudice, Gianni Angelini
RATIONALE: Artifacts or simulated diseases are self-inflicted conditions caused by various means and for different purposes. Disease simulation can be motivated, among other things, by illegal purposes, to escape from civil duties or prison sentences, for example, or to exploit specific situations in order to receive a range of benefits. In such cases, the simulator is fully aware of his or her actions and intentions. DIAGNOSES, INTERVENTIONS AND OUTCOMES: We report the case of a 42-year-old woman who, for 3 consecutive years, showed religious stigmata on the forehead and on the dorsal surface of hands and feet immediately before Easter...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833206/non-faith-based-arguments-against-physician-assisted-suicide-and-euthanasia
#16
Daniel P Sulmasy, John M Travaline, Louise A Mitchell, E Wesley Ely
This article is a complement to "A Template for Non-Religious-Based Discussions Against Euthanasia" by Melissa Harintho, Nathaniel Bloodworth, and E. Wesley Ely which appeared in the February 2015 Linacre Quarterly. Herein we build upon Daniel Sulmasy's opening and closing arguments from the 2014 Intelligence Squared debate on legalizing assisted suicide, supplemented by other non-faith-based arguments and thoughts, providing four nontheistic arguments against physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia: (1) "it offends me"; (2) slippery slope; (3) "pain can be alleviated"; (4) physician integrity and patient trust...
August 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793145/tuberculosis-patients-pre-hospital-delay-and-non-compliance-with-a-longstanding-dot-programme-a-mixed-methods-study-in-urban-zambia
#17
Anne Lia Cremers, René Gerrets, Nathan Kapata, Austin Kabika, Emma Birnie, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Martin P Grobusch
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major health problem in Zambia, despite considerable efforts to control and prevent it. With this study, we aim to understand how perceptions and cultural, social, economic, and organisational factors influence TB patients' pre-hospital delay and non-compliance with care provided by the National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP). METHODS: A mixed methods study was conducted with 300 TB patients recruited at Kanyama clinic for structured interviews...
October 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739026/the-role-of-fear-related-behaviors-in-the-2013-2016-west-africa-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak
#18
REVIEW
James M Shultz, Janice L Cooper, Florence Baingana, Maria A Oquendo, Zelde Espinel, Benjamin M Althouse, Louis Herns Marcelin, Sherry Towers, Maria Espinola, Clyde B McCoy, Laurie Mazurik, Milton L Wainberg, Yuval Neria, Andreas Rechkemmer
The 2013-2016 West Africa Ebola virus disease pandemic was the largest, longest, deadliest, and most geographically expansive outbreak in the 40-year interval since Ebola was first identified. Fear-related behaviors played an important role in shaping the outbreak. Fear-related behaviors are defined as "individual or collective behaviors and actions initiated in response to fear reactions that are triggered by a perceived threat or actual exposure to a potentially traumatizing event. FRBs modify the future risk of harm...
November 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561332/why-do-marital-partners-of-people-living-with-hiv-not-test-for-hiv-a-qualitative-study-in-lusaka-zambia
#19
Maurice Musheke, Sonja Merten, Virginia Bond
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of HIV status is crucial for HIV prevention and management in marital relationships. Yet some marital partners of people living with HIV decline HIV testing despite knowing the HIV-positive status of their partners. To date, little research has explored the reasons for this. METHODS: An exploratory qualitative study was undertaken in Lusaka, Zambia, between March 2010 and September 2011, nested within a larger ethnographic study. In-depth interviews were held with individuals who knew the HIV-positive status of their marital partners but never sought HIV testing (n = 30) and HIV service providers of a public sector clinic (n = 10)...
August 25, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549895/the-role-of-traditional-health-practitioners-in-rural-kwazulu-natal-south-africa-generic-or-mode-specific
#20
Thembelihle Zuma, Daniel Wight, Tamsen Rochat, Mosa Moshabela
BACKGROUND: Traditional health practitioners (THPs) play a vital role in the health care of the majority of the South African population and elsewhere on the African continent. However, many studies have challenged the role of THPs in health care. Concerns raised in the literature include the rationale, safety and effectiveness of traditional health practices and methods, as well as what informs them. This paper explores the processes followed in becoming a traditional healer and how these processes are related to THP roles...
August 22, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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