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Sports Injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028449/geometric-characteristics-of-the-knee-are-associated-with-a-noncontact-acl-injury-to-the-contralateral-knee-after-unilateral-acl-injury-in-young-female-athletes
#1
James G Levins, Erin C Argentieri, Daniel R Sturnick, Mack Gardner-Morse, Pamela M Vacek, Timothy W Tourville, Robert J Johnson, James R Slauterbeck, Bruce D Beynnon
BACKGROUND: Contralateral anterior cruciate ligament (CACL) injury after recovery from a first-time ACL rupture occurs at a high rate in young females; however, little is known about the risk factors associated with bilateral ACL trauma. HYPOTHESIS: The geometric characteristics of the contralateral knee at the time of the initial ACL injury are associated with risk of suffering a CACL injury in these female athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023272/sensitivity-of-the-cogstate-test-battery-for-detecting-prolonged-cognitive-alterations-stemming-from-sport-related-concussions
#2
Veronik Sicard, Robert D Moore, Dave Ellemberg
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the Cogstate test battery contains the requisite sensitivity to detect prolonged cognitive alterations. METHODS: One hundred twenty collegiate athletes (71 with a history of concussion; 49 controls) completed the Cogstate test battery, to which we added a 2-back condition. In addition to the Cogstate clinical (transformed variables), we analyzed the raw data. RESULTS: The clinical variables failed to reveal any group differences...
October 5, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023194/factors-that-drive-youth-specialization
#3
Ajay S Padaki, Charles A Popkin, Justin L Hodgins, David Kovacevic, Thomas Sean Lynch, Christopher S Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Specialization in young athletes has been linked to overuse injuries, burnout, and decreased satisfaction. Despite continued opposition from the medical community, epidemiological studies suggest the frequency is increasing. HYPOTHESIS: Extrinsic pressures in addition to individual aspirations drive this national trend in sports specialization. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3...
October 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021905/the-waterpolo-shoulder-paradigm-results-of-ultrasound-surveillance-at-poolside
#4
Felice Galluccio, Eleonora Bellucci, Francesco Porta, Lorenzo Tofani, Amato De Paulis, Diana Bianchedi, Tatiana Barskova, Marco Matucci-Cerinic
BACKGROUND: Waterpolo consists of a combination of swimming and throwing with close contact between players. The shoulder is the most frequently injured joint, with a combination of rotator cuff tear and tendinopathy, long head biceps tendinopathy, superior labral lesions and shoulder impingement. This unique combination is a challenge for the clinician who must determine which of these shoulder pathologies is responsible for the onset of pain and the best strategy to rehabilitate the joint and prevent recurrence...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021872/psychometric-properties-of-the-malay-language-version-of-knee-injury-and-osteoarthritis-outcome-score-koos-questionnaire-among-knee-osteoarthritis-patients-a-confirmatory-factor-analysis
#5
M M Zulkifli, A A Kadir, A Elias, K C Bea, A N Sadagatullah
Introduction: This study aimed to cross-culturally adapt a Malay version of Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and to evaluate its psychometric properties in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Materials and Methods: The English version KOOS was translated into a Malay version using forward and backward translation process, followed by face validity and content validity. Two hundred and twenty-six knee OA patients attending the Outpatient and Orthopaedic Clinics, Universiti Sains Malaysia Hospital, completed the Malay version KOOS...
July 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019743/injury-prevention-in-male-youth-soccer-current-practices-and-perceptions-of-practitioners-working-at-elite-english-academies
#6
Paul J Read, Pablo Jimenez, Jon L Oliver, Rhodri S Lloyd
Forty-one practitioners inclusive of physiotherapists, sports scientists and strength and conditioning coaches from the academies of elite soccer clubs in the United Kingdom completed an on-line questionnaire which examined their: (1) background information; (2) perceptions of injury occurrence and risk factors; (3) screening and return to play; and (4) approach to designing and delivering injury prevention programmes with a response rate of 55% (41/75). Contact injuries were the most common mechanism reported and players between 13-16 years of age were perceived to be at the greatest risk...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019579/epidemiological-study-of-facial-fractures-at-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-service-santa-casa-de-misericordia-hospital-complex-porto-alegre-rs-brazil
#7
Rodrigo Andrighetti Zamboni, João Carlos Birnfeld Wagner, Maurício Roth Volkweis, Eduardo Luis Gerhardt, Elissa Muller Buchmann, Caren Serra Bavaresco
OBJECTIVES: to investigate the incidence and etiology of face trauma with diagnosis of facial fracture treated at the Buccomaxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology Service of the Santa Casa de Misericórdia Hospital Complex in Porto Alegre. METHODS: we conducted a cross-sectional, retrospective epidemiological study of 134 trauma victims with 153 facial fractures. RESULTS: the male gender was the most affected (86.6%) and the incidence was higher in the age group from 21 to 30 years...
September 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019379/special-smiles-sports-dentistry-and-the-special-needs-athlete
#8
EDITORIAL
H Barry Waldman, Steven P Perlman, Luc Marks, Thaddeus J Arnold
There is a need to expand dental services to underserved populations, such as athletes with intellectual and developmental disabilities. This review introduces dentists to this need by sharing the direction taken by the Special Smiles program of Special Olympics and addressing the need to educate special needs athletes on prevention and care of sports-related mouth injuries.
June 22, 2017: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018907/mri-sport-specific-pulley-imaging
#9
Michael N Hoff, Todd D Greenberg
OBJECTIVE: We aim to create a novel MRI methodology that employs sport-specific stress views for imaging finger pulley injuries in the evaluation of post-operative healing effectiveness. The goal is to measure the bone to tendon distance (BTD), which is the current standard for determining pulley injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The athlete was imaged in a crimp-grip stressed position to emulate sport-specific biomechanics. A Gradient Echo technique was modified to maximize the signal to noise ratio and minimize distortion near the bone and tendon, simplifying the determination of the BTD...
October 10, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018808/tenogenically-induced-allogeneic-peripheral-blood-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-allogeneic-platelet-rich-plasma-2-year-follow-up-after-tendon-or-ligament-treatment-in-horses
#10
Charlotte Beerts, Marc Suls, Sarah Y Broeckx, Bert Seys, Aurélie Vandenberghe, Jeroen Declercq, Luc Duchateau, Martin A Vidal, Jan H Spaas
Poor healing of tendon and ligament lesions often results in early retirement of sport horses. Therefore, regenerative therapies are being explored as potentially promising treatment for these injuries. In this study, an intralesional injection was performed with allogeneic tenogenically induced mesenchymal stem cells and platelet-rich plasma 5-6 days after diagnosis of suspensory ligament (SL) (n = 68) or superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) (n = 36) lesion. Clinical, lameness and ultrasonographic evaluation was performed at 6 and 12 weeks...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018545/concussion-in-field-hockey-a-retrospective-analysis-into-the-incidence-rates-mechanisms-symptoms-and-recovery-of-concussive-injuries-sustained-by-elite-field-hockey-players
#11
Michael Rossiter, Michael Challis
OBJECTIVES: To identify the incidence and mechanisms of concussion in elite Field Hockey in different age groups and also the postconcussion symptoms and recovery times. METHODS: Data was collected retrospectively, for both training and matches, over a 12-month period from national level Field Hockey players across under-16, under-18, under-21, Development and Senior players. Mechanism of injury (including player role and field position), postconcussive symptoms and recovery times were recorded following a semistructured interview with each player...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018061/association-between-mri-defined-osteoarthritis-pain-function-and-strength-3-10-years-following-knee-joint-injury-in-youth-sport
#12
Jackie L Whittaker, Clodagh M Toomey, Linda J Woodhouse, Jacob L Jaremko, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Carolyn A Emery
BACKGROUND: Youth and young adults who participate in sport have an increased risk of knee injury and subsequent osteoarthritis. Improved understanding of the relationship between structural and clinical outcomes postinjury could inform targeted osteoarthritis prevention interventions. This secondary analysis examines the association between MRI-defined osteoarthritis and self-reported and functional outcomes, 3-10 years following youth sport-related knee injury in comparison to healthy controls...
October 10, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994213/a-novel-and-innovative-hair-test-to-determine-glucocorticoid-levels-in-racing-camels-for-use-in-assessment-of-doping-health-and-disease
#13
Iltaf Shah, Jody D Haddow, Hiba A Ibrahim, Maryam V A Sheikh, Fatima S A Alhemeiri
BACKGROUND: The aim of this project was to develop and validate a new test for the analysis of glucocorticoids in camel hair and to use the new test to analyse hair samples from a variety of camel breeds in sports and racing applications. These findings could be of importance when evaluating racing camels for suspected doping offenses or for injury and disease control. METHODS: Camel hair samples were collected from 30 non-racing dromedary camels along with 3 racing camels in Al Ain, UAE and were decontaminated, pulverized, sonicated and extracted prior to analysis...
October 9, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987866/kinematic-patterns-in-normal-and-degenerative-shoulders-part-ii-review-of-3-d-scapular-kinematic-patterns-in-patients-with-shoulder-pain-and-clinical-implications
#14
REVIEW
Marie-Martine Lefèvre-Colau, Christelle Nguyen, Clemence Palazzo, Frederic Srour, Guillaume Paris, Valerie Vuillemin, Serge Poiraudeau, Agnes Roby-Brami, Alexandra Roren
BACKGROUND: The global range of motion of the arm is the result of a coordinated motion of the shoulder complex including glenohumeral (GH), scapulothoracic, sternoclavicular and acromioclavicular joints. METHODS: This study is a non-systematic review of kinematic patterns in degenerated shoulders. It is a based on our own research on the kinematics of the shoulder complex and clinical experience. RESULTS: For patients with subacromial impingement syndrome without rotator-cuff tears, most kinematic studies showed a small superior humeral translation relative to the glenoid and decreased scapular lateral rotation and posterior tilt...
October 5, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986000/the-effect-of-light-emitting-diode-590-830%C3%A2-nm-based-low-level-laser-therapy-on-posttraumatic-edema-of-facial-bone-fracture-patients
#15
Woo Yeol Baek, Il Hwan Byun, In Sik Yun, Jae Yoon Kim, Tai Suk Roh, Dae Hyun Lew, Young Seok Kim
PURPOSE: Posttraumatic edema in facial bone fracture patients may interfere with the operation field and delay the schedule. Thus, swiftly reducing the edema alleviates patient discomfort and advances the operation date. Ice packing and compression bandages are often used for such a purpose, but such methods are often inconvenient for the face. In this study, we aim to analyze the effect of light-emitting diode (LED) (590/830 nm)-based low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in posttraumatic edema in facial bone fracture patients...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985702/descriptive-epidemiology-of-injuries-sustained-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-men-s-and-women-s-volleyball-2013-2014-to-2014-2015
#16
Christine M Baugh, Gil S Weintraub, Andrew J Gregory, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
BACKGROUND: There were 18,844 volleyball players in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in the 2014-2015 academic year. Little research has examined sex-based differences among these athletes. PURPOSE: To examine injury epidemiology in NCAA men's and women's volleyball athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: Injury surveillance data from the 2013-2014 through 2014-2015 academic years were obtained from the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program for 6 men's and 33 women's collegiate volleyball teams...
October 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985697/characterization-of-prepractice-injury-prevention-exercises-of-high-school-athletic-teams
#17
James R Slauterbeck, Autumn Reilly, Pamela M Vacek, Rebecca Choquette, Timothy W Tourville, Bert Mandelbaum, Robert J Johnson, Bruce D Beynnon
BACKGROUND: Static and dynamic exercises are performed before activity to decrease injury risk and increase performance. Although evidence supports using dynamic over static stretching and performing Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) 11+ as a dynamic prepractice routine, we do not know the frequency at which these exercises are utilized in high school populations. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesize that there is a wide variety of preparticipation exercises performed by high school athletes, and that few high school teams perform FIFA 11+ as an injury prevention program in its entirety...
October 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985238/the-pain-threshold-of-high-threshold-mechanosensitive-receptors-subsequent-to-maximal-eccentric-exercise-is-a-potential-marker-in-the-prediction-of-doms-associated-impairment
#18
Johannes Fleckenstein, Perikles Simon, Matthias König, Lutz Vogt, Winfried Banzer
BACKGROUND: Delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) refers to dull pain and discomfort in people after participating in exercise, sport or recreational physical activities. The aim of this study was to detect underlying mechanical thresholds in an experimental model of DOMS. METHODS: Randomised study to detect mechanical pain thresholds in a randomised order following experimentally induced DOMS of the non-dominant arm in healthy participants. Main outcome was the detection of the pressure pain threshold (PPT), secondary thresholds included mechanical detection (MDT) and pain thresholds (MPT), pain intensity, pain perceptions and the maximum isometric voluntary force (MIVF)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985103/low-bone-mineral-density-in-male-athletes-is-associated-with-bone-stress-injuries-at-anatomic-sites-with-greater-trabecular-composition
#19
Adam S Tenforde, Allyson L Parziale, Kristin L Popp, Kathryn E Ackerman
BACKGROUND: While sports participation is often associated with health benefits, a subset of athletes may develop impaired bone health. Bone stress injuries (BSIs) are a common overuse injury in athletes; site of injury has been shown to relate to underlying bone health in female athletes. Hypothesis/Purpose: This case series characterizes the association of type of sports participation and anatomic site of BSIs with low bone mineral density (BMD), defined as BMD Z-score <-1.0. Similar to female athletes, it was hypothesized that male athletes who participate in running and sustain BSIs in sites of higher trabecular bone content would be more likely to have low BMD...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983841/evidence-based-concepts-for-prevention-of-knee-and-acl-injuries-2017-guidelines-of-the-ligament-committee-of-the-german-knee-society-dkg
#20
Julian Mehl, Theresa Diermeier, Elmar Herbst, Andreas B Imhoff, Thomas Stoffels, Thore Zantop, Wolf Petersen, Andrea Achtnich
INTRODUCTION: Knee injuries and especially anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are frequent in athletes. Therefore, primary and secondary prevention of sports-related lower limb injuries is an ongoing topic of interest. The aim of present study was to establish guidelines for the prevention of knee and ACL injuries on the basis of evidence-based concepts represented in current literature. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review regarding prevention programs for knee and ACL injuries was conducted...
October 5, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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