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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667429/quadriceps-function-knee-pain-and-self-reported-outcomes-in-patients-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#1
Adam S Lepley, Brian Pietrosimone, Marc L Cormier
CONTEXT:   Interactions among muscle strength, pain, and self-reported outcomes in patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) are not well understood. Clarifying these interactions is of clinical importance because improving physical and psychological function is thought to optimize outcomes after ACLR. OBJECTIVE:   To examine the relationships among neuromuscular quadriceps function, pain, self-reported knee function, readiness to return to activity, and emotional response to injury both before and after ACLR...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666879/-muscle-injuries-in-professional-football-treatment-and-rehabilitation
#2
REVIEW
H Riepenhof, R Del Vescovo, J-N Droste, S McAleer, A Pietsch
BACKGROUND: Muscle injuries are common in professional sports, especially in football. Recent epidemiological studies showed that muscle injuries account for more than 30% of professional football injuries (1.8-2.2/1000 h exposure); however, even though there are significant differences within a European comparison, a single professional football team diagnosed on average 12 muscle injuries per season, corresponding to more than 300 availability days lost. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to present the diagnosis, general treatment and comprehensive management of muscle injuries in professional football...
April 17, 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665604/-foreign-material-free-anterior-cruciate-ligament-repair-with-hamstring-graft-felmet-technique
#3
Marc Chmielnicki, Wolfram Siebert, Axel Prokop
Rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a common sports injury. Shear forces can damage the articular cartilage and lead to early osteoarthritis. Ligamentary stabilisation of the knee is necessary. Today, arthroscopic ACL repair is a standard knee procedure. Transplant fixation is often performed using implants, e.g. interference screws. The foreign material-free procedure using the Felmet technique enables biological, mechanically stable fixation of the hamstring tendon graft. We demonstrate the surgical technique, including meniscus suture and a video case study...
April 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663142/do-we-need-a-cool-down-after-exercise-a-narrative-review-of-the-psychophysiological-effects-and-the-effects-on-performance-injuries-and-the-long-term-adaptive-response
#4
REVIEW
Bas Van Hooren, Jonathan M Peake
It is widely believed that an active cool-down is more effective for promoting post-exercise recovery than a passive cool-down involving no activity. However, research on this topic has never been synthesized and it therefore remains largely unknown whether this belief is correct. This review compares the effects of various types of active cool-downs with passive cool-downs on sports performance, injuries, long-term adaptive responses, and psychophysiological markers of post-exercise recovery. An active cool-down is largely ineffective with respect to enhancing same-day and next-day(s) sports performance, but some beneficial effects on next-day(s) performance have been reported...
April 16, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663013/bone-to-bone-integrations-were-complete-within-5-months-after-anatomical-rectangular-tunnel-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-using-a-bone-patellar-tendon-bone-graft
#5
Hironari Masuda, Shuji Taketomi, Hiroshi Inui, Naoya Shimazaki, Nobuhiro Nishihara, Seikai Toyooka, Hirotaka Kawano, Takumi Nakagawa
PURPOSE: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using a bone-patellar tendon-bone (BTB) graft is known to provide secure fixation due to the direct bone-to-bone integration of the bone plug and bone tunnel. It is important to know the time required for bone integration when designing the postoperative rehabilitation protocol or deciding when the patient can return to competition-level activity, especially if the patient is an athlete. However, because reports are scarce, the period necessary for bone-to-bone integration after ACL reconstruction using a BTB graft remains unclear...
April 16, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662914/ligament-strain-response-between-lower-extremity-contralateral-pairs-during-in-vitro-landing-simulation
#6
April L McPherson, Nathanial A Bates, Nathan D Schilaty, Christopher V Nagelli, Aaron J Krych, Timothy E Hewett
Background: Limb asymmetries, as determined through in vivo biomechanical measures, are known risk factors for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Previous cadaveric studies have shown a lack of significant differences in ligament strain between contralateral lower extremities when identical kinematics were simulated on specimens. Recent methodological developments have applied in vivo knee kinetics to exert landing forces on cadaveric lower extremities to mimic ACL injury events, but it is unknown whether contralateral limbs fail in a consistent manner during impact simulator testing...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662910/outcomes-and-return-to-sport-after-revision-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-adolescent-athletes
#7
Michael Saper, Stephanie Pearce, Joseph Shung, Robert Zondervan, Roger Ostrander, James R Andrews
Background: The number of adolescent anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries is rising with increased participation in higher level athletics at earlier ages. With an increasing number of primary ACL reconstructions (ACLRs) comes a rise in the incidence of revision ACLRs. Purpose: To evaluate the clinical results of revision ACLR across a group of high-level adolescent athletes with at least 2-year follow-up. Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662909/development-and-validation-of-a-short-version-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-return-to-sport-after-injury-acl-rsi-scale
#8
Kate E Webster, Julian A Feller
Background: The Anterior Cruciate Ligament Return to Sport After Injury (ACL-RSI) scale was developed to measure an athlete's psychological readiness to return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction surgery. The scale is being used with increasing frequency in both research and clinical settings. Purpose: To generate and validate a short version of the ACL-RSI scale. Study Design: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662741/predictive-factors-for-the-outcome-of-surgical-treatment-of-lumbar-spondylolysis-in-young-sporting-individuals
#9
Ujjwal K Debnath, B E Scammell, Brian J C Freeman, Jeffrey R McConnell
Study Design: Retrospective consecutive case series. Objectives: Only few sporting individuals with symptomatic lumbar pars injuries require surgical repair and it is often difficult to predict the outcome following surgery. The factors that predict the outcome after direct repair of lumbar pars defect was evaluated clinically and statistically. The preoperative background variables both subjective and objective as well as radiological evaluation were used in a multiple regression model to find the strong predictors of postoperative outcome as measured by VAS (visual analogue scores), ODI (Oswestry Disability Index) and SF-36 (Short Form)...
April 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662685/adaptation-translation-and-reliability-of-the-australian-juniors-enjoying-cricket-safely-injury-risk-perception-questionnaire-for-sri-lanka
#10
Prasanna J Gamage, Lauren V Fortington, Caroline F Finch
Objectives: Cricket is a very popular sport in Sri Lanka. In this setting there has been limited research; specifically, there is little knowledge of cricket injuries. To support future research possibilities, the aim of this study was to cross-culturally adapt, translate and test the reliability of an Australian-developed questionnaire for the Sri Lankan context. Methods: The Australian 'Juniors Enjoying Cricket Safely' (JECS-Aus) injury risk perception questionnaire was cross-culturally adapted to suit the Sri Lankan context and subsequently translated into the two main languages (Sinhala and Tamil) based on standard forward-back translation...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660962/return-to-learn-transitioning-to-school-and-through-ascending-levels-of-academic-support-for-students-following-a-concussion
#11
Karen McAvoy, Brenda Eagan-Johnson, Mark Halstead
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to familiarize healthcare providers and parents with educational language, laws, and processes as they relate to a comprehensive ascending level of academic supports as it pertains to promoting a smooth and supported transition to school following a concussion. BACKGROUND: Returning to learn (RTL) following a concussion is of parallel importance to returning to sport (RTS). A successful RTL is a critical part of concussion management...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659299/low-1-year-return-to-sport-rate-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-regardless-of-patient-and-surgical-factors-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-272-patients
#12
Eric Hamrin Senorski, Eleonor Svantesson, Susanne Beischer, Christoffer Thomeé, Roland Thomeé, Jón Karlsson, Kristian Samuelsson
BACKGROUND: There is insufficient knowledge about the way that concomitant injuries affect the short-term likelihood of a return to a knee-strenuous sport after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Hypotheses/Purpose: The purpose was to study whether patient characteristics, concomitant injuries, and graft choice at primary ACL reconstruction can predict return to sport (RTS) 1 year after surgery. The hypotheses were that younger age at the time of ACL reconstruction would positively affect RTS, while the presence of concomitant injuries would negatively affect RTS 1 year after surgery...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659145/ocular-trauma-in-the-finnish-elderly-helsinki-ocular-trauma-study
#13
Ahmad Sahraravand, Anna-Kaisa Haavisto, Juha M Holopainen, Tiina Leivo
PURPOSE: To describe epidemiology, causes, treatments and outcomes of all ocular injuries in southern Finland among people aged 61 and older. METHODS: All new ocular trauma patients, admitted to the Helsinki University Eye Hospital, during 1 year in 2011-2012. The data were from hospital records and prospectively from patient questionnaires. The follow-up time was 3 months. RESULTS: The incidence for ocular injuries among the elderly was 38/100 000/year...
April 16, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657459/stress-radiographs-for-evaluating-acromioclavicular-joint-separations-in-an-active-duty-patient-population-what-have-we-learned
#14
K Aaron Shaw, John Synovec, Josef Eichinger, Christopher J Tucker, Jason A Grassbaugh, Stephen A Parada
Introduction: Acromioclavicular (AC) joint separation is a common entity in athletic patient populations. The surgical treatment of these injuries varies based upon extent of injury, with numerous imaging modalities recommended to differentiate injury severity and treatment options. The use of weighted stress radiographs is controversial in the diagnostic evaluation of AC separation with previous consensus recommending against their use. No study to date has investigated the clinical utilization of diagnostic studies in the evaluation of AC joint separations in a military surgeon population...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656073/protective-therapeutic-effects-of-peptide-nanofiber-and-hyaluronic-acid-hybrid-membrane-in-in-vivo-osteoarthritis-model
#15
Elif Arslan, Melis Sardan Ekiz, Cagla Eren Cimenci, Nuray Can, M Hanifi Gemci, Huseyin Ozkan, Mustafa O Guler, Ayse B Tekinay
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a condition where tissue function is lost through a combination of secondary inflammation and deterioration in articular cartilage. One of the most common causes of OA is age-related tissue impairment because of wear and tear due to mechanical erosion. Hyaluronic acid-based viscoelastic supplements have been widely used for the treatment of knee injuries. However, the current formulations of hyaluronic acid are unable to provide efficient healing and recovery. Here, a nanofiber-hyaluronic acid membrane system that was prepared by using a quarter of the concentration of commercially available hyaluronic acid supplement, Hyalgan® , was used for the treatment of an osteoarthritis model, and Synvisc® , which is another commercially available hyaluronic acid containing viscoelastic supplement, was used as a control...
April 12, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655395/firearm-related-injuries-among-canadian-children-and-youth-from-2006-to-2013-a-chirpp-study
#16
Catherine M J Cox, Samuel A Stewart, Katrina F Hurley
CLINICIAN'S CAPSULE What is known about the topic? Injuries from non-powder firearms are common and potentially life-altering. The Canadian Pediatric Society urges stricter controls on non-powder guns. What did this study ask? What are the Canadian contextual trends in paediatric firearm injuries? What did this study find? In this study, the rate of paediatric firearm injuries was stable from 2006 to 2013. Eye injuries inflicted by non-powder firearms were most common. Most firearm injuries occurred through recreation and sport...
April 15, 2018: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652679/comparison-of-static-and-dynamic-balance-at-different-levels-of-sport-competition-in-professional-and-junior-elite-soccer-players
#17
Łukasz Jadczak, Monika Grygorowicz, Witold Dzudziński, Robert Śliwowski
Jadczak, Ł, Grygorowicz, M, Dzudziński, W, and Śliwowski, R. Comparison of static and dynamic balance at different levels of sport competition in professional and junior elite soccer players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The purpose of this study was to compare body balance control and balance recovery strategies of professional football players, representing various sports levels in static (eyes open, eyes closed) and dynamic conditions, both on the dominant and nondominant leg. Three groups of professional and junior elite soccer players were investigated: a PRO group (n = 52), a U-21 group (n = 55), and a U-19 group (n = 47)...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652013/changing-trends-in-maxillofacial-trauma-a-15-years-retrospective-study-in-the-southern-part-of-haryana-india
#18
Ashish Gupta, Aby K Babu, Pankaj Bansal, Rahul Sharma, Sneha D Sharma
Objective: The aim is to analyze the pattern of maxillofacial injuries and treatment outcomes in the past 15 years (2002-2016). Materials and Methods: One thousand eight hundred and fifty patients from two tertiary referral center hospitals were studied retrospectively in which the age, sex, etiology, site of fracture, and treatment modality was recorded. Results: One thousand two hundred and twenty-eight males and 622 females were operated between 2002 and 2016...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651906/return-to-sport-rates-in-physically-active-individuals-six-months-after-arthroscopy-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-syndrome
#19
Kathryn R Glaws, Thomas J Ellis, Timothy E Hewett, Stephanie L Di Stasi
CONTEXT: Six-months is the expected timeframe to return to sport (RTS) after hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS). OBJECTIVE: The primary aims of this study were to (1) report the RTS rate of physically active individuals six-months after arthroscopic surgery for FAIS, and (2) compare the self-reported hip function between those who were able to RTS versus those who had not. DESIGN: cohort study. SETTING: XXX...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651894/roller-massage-a-descriptive-survey-of-allied-health-professionals
#20
Scott W Cheatham
BACKGROUND: In sports medicine, the interprofessional care of athletes has become a frequent practice. This type of care often involves different interventions used among professionals. One common intervention prescribed is roller massage (RM) or self-myofascial release. The trends in the use of RM among allied health professionals is non-existent. The surveillance of such responses has not been documented. PURPOSE: To survey and document responses in the knowledge, clinical application, and use of RM devices among allied health professionals in the United States...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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