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Sports Injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350716/movement-strategies-among-groups-of-chronic-ankle-instability-coper-and-control
#1
S Jun Son, Hyunsoo Kim, Mattew K Seeley, J Ty Hopkins
INTRODUCTION: Comprehensive evaluation of movement strategies during functional movement is a difficult undertaking. Because of this challenge, studied movements have been over simplified. Furthermore, evaluating movement strategies at only a discrete time point(s) provide limited insight into how movement strategies may change or adapt in chronic ankle instability (CAI) patients. This study aimed to identify abnormal movement strategies in individuals with a history of ankle sprain injury during a sports maneuver compared to healthy controls...
March 27, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345409/osteoarthritis-in-football
#2
Gian M Salzmann, Stefan Preiss, Marcy Zenobi-Wong, Laurent P Harder, Dirk Maier, Jirí Dvorák
Football is currently the most popular sporting activity in the world. Multiple reports have shown that a high incidence of osteoarthritis is found in football players. Evidence clearly shows that traumatic injury significantly predisposes players for such pathophysiology. Injuries are frequent in amateur as well as professional football players, with knee and ankle accounting for the most severe injuries. Many professional athletes lose playing time due to injuries and many are forced into early retirement...
April 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344740/orchard-sports-injury-classification-system-10-1-plus-an-end-user-study
#3
Ashley K Crossway, Kenneth E Games, Lindsey E Eberman, Neil Fleming
The purpose of this study was to establish the level of ease of use and effectiveness of the Orchard Sport Injury Classification System (OSICS) 10.1 Plus for recording injuries and interventions. Three hundred and forty-two (males=148, females=192, no response=2; age=30.9±9.5y; experience=9.1±10.5y) athletic trainers (ATs) in the United States completed the survey. Participants were primarily employed in the secondary school (n=135) or collegiate setting (n=171). Participants entered system includes the OSICS 10...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344451/retrospective-injury-epidemiology-and-risk-factors-for-injury-in-crossfit
#4
Alicia M Montalvo, Hilary Shaefer, Belinda Rodriguez, Tan Li, Katrina Epnere, Gregory D Myer
The objective of the study is to examine injury epidemiology and risk factors for injury in CrossFit athletes. A survey was administered to athletes at four owner-operated facilities in South Florida. Respondents reported number, location of injury, and training exposure from the preceding six months and answered questions regarding potential risk factors for injury. Fifty out of 191 athletes sustained 62 injuries during CrossFit participation in the preceding six months. The most frequently injured locations were the shoulder, knee, and lower back...
March 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343463/prospective-head-to-head-study-of-three-computerized-neurocognitive-assessment-tools-part-2-utility-for-assessment-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-emergency-department-patients
#5
Lindsay D Nelson, Robyn E Furger, Peter Gikas, E Brooke Lerner, William B Barr, Thomas A Hammeke, Christopher Randolph, Kevin Guskiewicz, Michael A McCrea
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of three computerized neurocognitive assessment tools (CNTs; i.e., ANAM, DANA, and ImPACT) for assessing mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in patients recruited through a level I trauma center emergency department (ED). METHODS: mTBI (n=94) and matched trauma control (n=80) subjects recruited from a level I trauma center emergency department completed symptom and neurocognitive assessments within 72 hr of injury and at 15 and 45 days post-injury...
March 27, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343160/an-injury-prevention-pyramid-for-elite-sports-teams
#6
Philip Alexander Coles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 25, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337734/diffusion-tensor-imaging-dti-findings-in-adult-civilian-military-and-sport-related-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-mtbi-a-systematic-critical-review
#7
Breton Michael Asken, Steven T DeKosky, James R Clugston, Michael S Jaffee, Russell M Bauer
This review seeks to summarize diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies that have evaluated structural changes attributed to the mechanisms of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in adult civilian, military, and athlete populations. Articles from 2002 to 2016 were retrieved from PubMed/MEDLINE, EBSCOhost, and Google Scholar, using a Boolean search string containing the following terms: "diffusion tensor imaging", "diffusion imaging", "DTI", "white matter", "concussion", "mild traumatic brain injury", "mTBI", "traumatic brain injury", and "TBI"...
March 24, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337066/paintball-related-ocular-injuries-first-case-report-in-saudi-patients
#8
Mohammad Al-Amry, Huda Al-Ghadeer
Paintball is a popular recreational sport. This case series describes three Saudi patients exposed to paintball ocular injuries with sever ocular trauma. Two patients developed hyphema and traumatic cataract and one patient had vitreous hemorrhage, choroidal detachment, commotio retinae and retinal tear. All patients require surgical intervention. Final best corrected visual acuity was 20/200, 20/30 and 20/50 respectively. Paintball related ocular injuries can result in severe visual loss and in most of the time requires surgical intervention...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336420/injury-prevention-performance-and-return-to-sport-how-can-science-help
#9
REVIEW
Alison H McGregor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334382/concussion-like-symptom-reporting-in-non-concussed-collegiate-athletes
#10
Breton M Asken, Aliyah R Snyder, James R Clugston, Leslie S Gaynor, Molly J Sullan, Russell M Bauer
Objective: Non-concussed individuals may report a variety of concussion-like symptoms even in the absence of a diagnosed brain injury. Previous studies described concussion-like symptom reporting in adolescent athletes. This study provides complementary data on concussion-like symptoms in collegiate athletes. Methods: We analyzed baseline symptom scales from 738 collegiate athletes (452 men and 286 women) who completed either the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool, 3 Symptom Evaluation (S3SE; n = 377) or the Post-Concussion Scale (PCS; n = 361) and determined if subjects met criteria for diagnosis of International Classification of Diseases 10th Revision (ICD-10) postconcussional syndrome...
March 10, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332110/minimizing-injury-and-maximizing-return-to-play-lessons-from-engineered-ligaments
#11
REVIEW
Keith Baar
Musculoskeletal injuries account for more than 70% of time away from sports. One of the reasons for the high number of injuries and long return to play is that we have only a very basic understanding of how our training alters tendon and ligament (sinew) structure and function. Sinews are highly dense tissues that are difficult to characterize both in vivo and in vitro. Recently, engineered ligaments have been developed in vitro using cells from human anterior cruciate ligaments or hamstring tendons. These three-dimensional tissues can be grown in a laboratory, treated with agents thought to affect sinew physiology, and then mechanically tested to determine their function...
March 22, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331375/negative-psychological-responses-of-injury-and-rehabilitation-adherence-effects-on-return-to-play-in-competitive-athletes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Andreas Ivarsson, Ulrika Tranaeus, Urban Johnson, Andreas Stenling
Previous research offers evidence that psychological factors influence an injured athlete during the rehabilitation process. Our first objective was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the results from all published studies that examined the relationships among negative affective responses after sport injuries, rehabilitation adherence, and return to play (RTP). The second objective was to use a meta-analytic path analysis to investigate whether an indirect effect existed between negative affective responses and RTP through rehabilitation adherence...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330847/who-owns-the-injury-or-illness-who-owns-performance-applying-systems-thinking-to-integrate-health-and-performance-in-elite-sport
#13
EDITORIAL
Mitchell Mooney, Paula C Charlton, Sadjad Soltanzadeh, Michael K Drew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330797/flexible-intramedullary-nailing-for-treatment-of-proximal-humeral-and-humeral-shaft-fractures-in-children-a-retrospective-series-of-118-cases
#14
Zenon Pogorelić, Sanja Kadić, Klaudio Pjer Milunović, Irena Pintarić, Miro Jukić, Dubravko Furlan
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze outcomes of treatment and complications in children treated with flexible intramedullary nailing (FIN) due to humeral fracture. HYPOTHESIS: The FIN for treatment of humeral fractures in children would allow an early functional and cast-free follow-up with a quick pain reduction and low complication rate. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From May 2002 until May 2016 case records of all children who underwent fixation with titanium intramedulary nails because of humeral fracture were retrospectively reviewed...
March 19, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327163/injuries-in-male-and-female-semi-professional-football-soccer-players-in-nigeria-prospective-study-of-a-national-tournament
#15
Oluwatoyosi Babatunde Alex Owoeye, Ayoola Ibifubara Aiyegbusi, Oluwaseun Akinleye Fapojuwo, Oluwaseun Abdulganiyu Badru, Anike Rasheedat Babalola
BACKGROUND: Research on the epidemiology of football injuries in Africa is very sparse despite its importance for injury prevention planning in a continent with limited sports medicine resources. The vast majority of studies available in literature were conducted in Europe and only a very few studies have prospectively reported the pattern of football injury in Africa. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence and pattern of injuries in a cohort of male and female semi-professional football players in Nigeria...
March 21, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326040/effects-of-topical-icing-on-inflammation-angiogenesis-revascularization-and-myofiber-regeneration-in-skeletal-muscle-following-contusion-injury
#16
Daniel P Singh, Zohreh Barani Lonbani, Maria A Woodruff, Tony J Parker, Roland Steck, Jonathan M Peake
Contusion injuries in skeletal muscle commonly occur in contact sport and vehicular and industrial workplace accidents. Icing has traditionally been used to treat such injuries under the premise that it alleviates pain, reduces tissue metabolism, and modifies vascular responses to decrease swelling. Previous research has examined the effects of icing on inflammation and microcirculatory dynamics following muscle injury. However, whether icing influences angiogenesis, collateral vessel growth, or myofiber regeneration remains unknown...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325082/-i-do-like-the-activities-which-i-can-do%C3%A2-leisure-participation-experiences-of-children-with-movement-impairments
#17
Parimala S Kanagasabai, Hilda Mulligan, Leigh A Hale, Brigit Mirfin-Veitch
AIM: To explore in depth the leisure participation experiences of children with movement impairments. METHODS: We used Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis approach to interpret and understand the experiences of 22 children with movement impairments, aged between 6 and 12 years. Children expressed their views through flexible child-centred methods of data collection that allowed the children to draw, paint, use stickers, and demonstrate their leisure activities and equipment while communicating about their experiences...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323803/patient-response-to-an-integrated-orthotic-and-rehabilitation-initiative-for-traumatic-injuries-the-prioriti-mtf-study
#18
Joseph R Hsu, Johnny G Owens, Jennifer DeSanto, John R Fergason, Kevin M Kuhn, Benjamin K Potter, Daniel J Stinner, Robert G Sheu, Sandra L Waggoner, Jason M Wilken, Yanjie Huang, Daniel O Scharfstein, Ellen J MacKenzie
Although limb salvage is now possible for many high-energy open fractures and crush injuries to the distal tibia, ankle, hindfoot, and midfoot, orthotic options are limited. The Intrepid Dynamic Exoskeletal Orthosis (IDEO) is a custom, energy-storing carbon fiber orthosis developed for trauma patients undergoing limb salvage. The IDEO differs from other orthoses in that it allows patients with ankle weakness to have more normal ankle biomechanics and increased ankle power. This article describes the design of a study to evaluate the effectiveness of the IDEO when delivered together with a high-intensity, sports medicine-based approach to rehabilitation...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323136/self-reported-knee-pain-and-disability-among-healthy-individuals-reference-data-and-factors-associated-with-the-knee-injury-and-osteoarthritis-outcome-score-koos-and-koos-child
#19
Jennifer N Baldwin, Marnee J McKay, Claire E Hiller, Niamh Moloney, Elizabeth J Nightingale, Joshua Burns
OBJECTIVE: To develop normative reference data for the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and KOOS-Child, as well as investigate socio-demographic, psychological and physical factors associated with knee pain and disability among healthy adults. METHOD: The KOOS or KOOS-Child (each containing five subscales) was administered to participants aged 8-101 years within the 1000 Norms Project, an observational study of 1000 self-reported healthy individuals...
March 16, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322596/motor-imagery-during-action-observation-increases-eccentric-hamstring-force-an-acute-non-physical-intervention
#20
Matthew Scott, Stephen Taylor, Paul Chesterton, Stefan Vogt, Daniel Lloyd Eaves
PURPOSE: Rehabilitation professionals typically use motor imagery (MI) or action observation (AO) to increase physical strength for injury prevention and recovery. Here we compared hamstring force gains for MI during AO (AO + MI) against two pure MI training groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a 3-week intervention physically fit adults imagined Nordic hamstring exercises in both legs and synchronized this with a demonstration of the same action (AO + MI), or they purely imagined this action (pure MI), or imagined upper-limb actions (pure MI-control)...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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