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Sports Injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448428/therapeutic-ultrasound-in-navicular-stress-injuries-in-elite-track-and-field-athletes
#1
Nikolaos Malliaropoulos, Dimosthenis Alaseirlis, George Konstantinidis, Agapi Papalada, Ioannis Tsifountoudis, Kosmas Petras, Nicola Maffulli
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) can be used to assess the progression of conservative management in navicular stress injuries. DESIGN: This is a prospective, clinical case series. Level of evidence IV. SETTING: All participants were examined and followed up in a private Sports Injury Clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Ten elite track and field athletes with severe dorsal midfoot pain over the navicular bone participated in this study...
May 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447880/resistance-training-in-youth-laying-the-foundation-for-injury-prevention-and-physical-literacy
#2
Christin Zwolski, Catherine Quatman-Yates, Mark V Paterno
CONTEXT: The rising incidence of physical activity- and sports-related injuries has prompted the present-day investigation of resistance training as a potential means of injury prevention and physical literacy development among youth. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Relevant studies on the topics of athlete development, physical literacy, resistance training, and injury prevention in children and adolescents were reviewed (PubMed and Sports Discus, 1982-2016). Recommendations from consensus guidelines and position statements applicable to resistance training and injury prevention in youth, in addition to young athlete development, were reviewed...
April 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447871/the-effects-of-specialization-and-sex-on-anterior-y-balance-performance-in-high-school-athletes
#3
Madeline M Miller, Jessica L Trapp, Eric G Post, Stephanie M Trigsted, Timothy A McGuine, M Alison Brooks, David R Bell
BACKGROUND: Sport specialization and movement asymmetry have been separately discussed as potential risk factors for lower extremity injury. Early specialization may lead to the development of movement asymmetries that can predispose an athlete to injury, but this has not been thoroughly examined. HYPOTHESIS: Athletes rated as specialized would exhibit greater between-limb anterior reach asymmetry and decreased anterior reach distance on the Y-balance test (YBT) as compared with nonspecialized high school athletes, and these differences would not be dependent on sex...
April 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446456/injuries-impair-the-chance-of-successful-performance-by-sportspeople-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Michael K Drew, Ben P Raysmith, Paula C Charlton
BACKGROUND: Cost-benefit analyses have been proposed for determining acceptable risk of injury regarding training and competition participation. Currently, there is no best evidence synthesis of the literature evaluating the relationship between injury/illness and chance of success or failure. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between injury and/or illness and success and/or failure in athletic populations (individual and team sports). METHODS: This review was prospectively registered (PROSPERO CRD42016036729) and a systematic electronic search was conducted in May 2016...
April 26, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446454/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-judo-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-severe-injuries-based-on-time-loss-and-reduction-in-sporting-level
#5
Ralph Akoto, Christophe Lambert, Maurice Balke, Bertil Bouillon, Karl-Heinz Frosch, Jürgen Höher
BACKGROUND: Sport injury severity can be detected by duration of time loss and reduction of sporting performance. AIM: To detect injury type-specific time loss duration and sporting performance reduction in judo. METHODS: An online survey of active and former judo athletes was conducted (exclusion criterion: incomplete questionnaire). Only injuries causing more than 3 weeks' time loss were recorded. Athletes classified themselves into performance classes...
April 26, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445895/-sports-injuries-and-illnesses-of-the-german-national-team-during-the-2016-olympic-summer-games-in-rio-de-janeiro
#6
Casper Grim, Thilo Hotfiel, Martin Engelhardt, Sydney Plewinski, Olav Spahl, Bernd Wolfarth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445227/a-review-of-player-monitoring-approaches-in-basketball-current-trends-and-future-directions
#7
Jordan L Fox, Aaron T Scanlan, Robert Stanton
Effective monitoring of players in team-sports such as basketball requires an understanding of the external demands and internal responses as they relate to training phases and competition. Monitoring of external demands and internal responses allows coaching staff to determine the dose-response associated with the imposed training load, and subsequently, if players are adequately prepared for competition. This review discusses measures reported in the literature for monitoring the external demands and internal responses of basketball players during training and competition...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441943/return-to-sports-after-plate-fixation-of-humeral-head-fractures-65-cases-with-minimum-24-month-follow-up
#8
Philipp Ahrens, Frank Martetschläger, Sebastian Siebenlist, Johann Attenberger, Moritz Crönlein, Peter Biberthaler, Ulrich Stöckle, Gunther H Sandmann
BACKGROUND: Humeral head fractures requiring surgical intervention are severe injuries, which might affect the return to sports and daily activities. We hypothesize that athletic patients will be constrained regarding their sporting activities after surgically treated humeral head fractures. Despite a long rehabilitation program physical activities will change and an avoidance of overhead activities will be noticed. METHODS: Case series with 65 Patients, with a minimum follow-up of 24 months participated in this study...
April 26, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441059/effectiveness-of-neuromuscular-training-based-on-the-neuromuscular-risk-profile
#9
Timothy E Hewett, Kevin R Ford, Yingying Y Xu, Jane Khoury, Gregory D Myer
BACKGROUND: The effects of targeted neuromuscular training (TNMT) on movement biomechanics associated with the risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are currently unknown. Purpose/Hypotheses: To determine the effectiveness of TNMT specifically designed to increase trunk control and hip strength. The hypotheses were that (1) TNMT would decrease biomechanical and neuromuscular factors related to an increased ACL injury risk and (2) TNMT would decrease these biomechanical and neuromuscular factors to a greater extent in athletes identified as being at a high risk for future ACL injuries...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441037/preseason-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-and-prospective-injury-risk-in-collegiate-athletes
#10
Hongmei Li, Jennifer J Moreland, Corinne Peek-Asa, Jingzhen Yang
BACKGROUND: Psychological risk factors are increasingly recognized as important in sport-related injury prevention. Understanding how these psychological factors may affect the risk of injuries could help design effective prevention programs. PURPOSE: To determine the effect of reported preseason anxiety and depressive symptoms on the risk of injuries during a prospective season in a cohort of collegiate athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439310/syndesmosis-injuries-in-the-pediatric-and-adolescent-athlete-an-analysis-of-risk-factors-related-to-operative-intervention
#11
D E Kramer, M X Cleary, P E Miller, Y-M Yen, B J Shore
PURPOSE: To review all paediatric ankle syndesmotic injuries occurring at our institution and identify risk factors associated with operative intervention. METHODS: Among 22 873 evaluations for ankle trauma, we found 220 children suffering from syndesmotic injuries (incidence: 0.96%). We recorded demographic data, details of the injury, features on examination and treatment variables. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression modelling was performed to identify risk factors associated with operative intervention...
2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439058/-calcium-and-bone-metabolism-across-women-s-life-stages-stress-fracture-in-female-athletes
#12
Kazuyoshi Yagishita
Stress fractures are common overuse injuries in athletes, especially in long-distance runner, jumping sports and gymnastics in female athletes. The pathology of stress fracture mainly includes repeated biomechanical loading, which leads to bone micro-damage and failure of bone structure. Female athlete triad(FAT), which includes low energy availability with or without an eating disorder, functional hypothalamic amenorrhea, and osteoporosis, is a serious healthcare concern in female athletes. For prevention and treatment of stress fracture, management of biomechanical factors modifying the load applied to a bone is important, and especially in female athletes, management for FAT is one of the important factors...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437567/people-with-patellofemoral-oa-walk-with-different-pelvic-and-hip-kinematics-compared-to-healthy-aged-matched-controls
#13
Kay M Crossley, Anthony G Schache, Hannah Ozturk, Jonathan Lentzos, Melissa Munanto, Marcus G Pandy
Objective, Patellofemoral joint (PFJ) osteoarthritis (OA) is common, yet little is known about how this condition influences lower-limb biomechanical function. This study compared pelvis and lower-limb kinematics in people with and without PFJOA., Methods, Sixty-nine participants (64% women, mean age 56±10 years) with anterior knee pain aggravated by PFJ loaded activities (stair ambulation, rising from sitting, squatting) and radiographic lateral PFJOA on skyline radiographs were compared with 18 controls (78% women, mean age 53±7 years) with no lower-limb pain or radiographic OA...
April 24, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437501/pronator-teres-myotendinous-tear
#14
Usama Qayyum, Diego Villacis, Charles M Jobin
Pronator teres muscle strain is a rare sporting injury reported thus far only in cricket and golf players. The injury appears to occur when the sporting club or racket strikes the ground during a forceful swing and causes the elbow to experience an eccentric force during resisted elbow flexion and pronation. On initial presentation, this injury can be mistaken for injury to the medial ulnar collateral ligament, or exacerbation of medial epicondylitis. On examination, bruising and tenderness distal to the elbow over the course of the pronator teres are often present...
March 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435584/intra-articular-entrapment-of-medial-epicondyle-fracture-fragment-in-elbow-joint-dislocation-causing-ulnar-neuropraxia-a-case-report
#15
J Syed, A R Zamri, S Jamaluddin, J K Ruben, M Gopindran
Traumatic elbow dislocations in children are rare but most of them are complex dislocations, and in such dislocations, medial humerus epicondyle fractureis the most common associated injury. Fracture incarceration in the elbow joint occurs in 5-18% of medial humerus epicondyle fractures but ulnar neuropraxia is very rare. Open reduction internal fixation is indicated in medial humerus epicondyle fracture with fracture incarceration, ulnar neuropraxia, marked instability or open fracture. Operative treatment options include fragment excision and sutures, closed or open reduction and Kirschner wire fixation, open reduction and suture fixation, open reduction and smooth pin fixation, and open reduction and screw fixation...
March 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435581/bilateral-asymmetrical-fracture-dislocation-of-shoulder-with-rare-combination-of-injuries-after-epileptic-seizure-a-case-report
#16
A Sharma, S Jindal, M S Narula, S Garg, A Sethi
The incidence of bilateral gleno-humeral joint dislocation is rare, is almost always posterior and is usually caused by sports injuries, epileptic seizures, electrical shock, or electroconvulsive therapy. Bilateral fracture-dislocation is even rarer, with a few cases reported in the literature. We report an unusual case with dislocation of the both glenohumeral joints in opposite direction after a seizure episode, with fracture of greater tuberosity on one side and of the lesser tuberosity on the contralateral side...
March 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435339/compulsive-exercise-links-risks-and-challenges-facedent
#17
REVIEW
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Cecilie Juul Hinze, Bolette Emborg, Freja Thomsen, Simone Daugaard Hemmingsen
Compulsive exercise is a condition described since 1970s. It is characterized by a craving for physical training, resulting in uncontrollable excessive exercise behavior with harmful consequences, such as injuries and impaired social relations. It has not been accepted as a mental disorder in either International Classification of Diseases or Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The aim of this literature review was to critically examine the research on links (comorbidity), risks (negative consequences), and challenges faced (problems in a treatment context)...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435336/anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-reinjury-in-alpine-ski-racing-a-narrative-review
#18
REVIEW
Matthew J Jordan, Per Aagaard, Walter Herzog
The purpose of the present review was to: 1) provide an overview of the current understanding on the epidemiology, etiology, risk factors, and prevention methods for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in alpine ski racing; and 2) provide an overview of what is known pertaining to ACL reinjury and return to sport after ACL injury in alpine ski racing. Given that most of the scientific studies on ACL injuries in alpine ski racing have been descriptive, and that very few studies contributed higher level scientific evidence, a nonsystematic narrative review was employed...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434160/repeated-mild-traumatic-brain-injuries-is-not-associated-with-volumetric-differences-in-former-high-school-football-players
#19
Douglas P Terry, L Stephen Miller
We investigated potential brain volumetric differences in a sample of former high school football players many years after these injuries. Forty community-dwelling males ages 40-65 who played high school football, but not college or professional sports, were recruited. The experimental group (n = 20) endorsed experiencing two or more mTBIs on an empirically validated mTBI assessment tool (median = 3, range = 2-15). The control group (n = 20) denied ever experiencing an mTBI. Participants completed a self-report index of current mTBI symptomatology and underwent high-resolution T1-weighted MRI scanning, which were analyzed using the Freesurfer software package...
April 22, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434037/open-capsular-and-ligament-reconstruction-with-semitendinosus-hamstring-autograft-successfully-controls-superior-and-posterior-translation-for-type-v-acromioclavicular-joint-dislocation
#20
Raffaele Garofalo, Enrico Ceccarelli, Alessandro Castagna, Vittorio Calvisi, Brody Flanagin, Marco Conti, Sumant G Krishnan
PURPOSE: Appropriate surgical management for type V complete acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocation remains controversial. The purpose of this paper is to retrospectively report the clinical and radiographic outcomes of an open surgical technique consisting for AC joint ligamentous and capsular reconstruction using autologous hamstring tendon grafts and semi-permanent sutures. METHODS: Between January 2005 and December 2011, 32 consecutive patients with symptomatic type V complete AC joint dislocation underwent surgical treatment using the same technique...
April 22, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
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