Read by QxMD icon Read

Sports Injuries

H Susan J Picavet, Nina Berentzen, Ninotsjka Scheuer, Raymond W J G Ostelo, Bert Brunekreef, Henriette A Smit, Alet Wijga
For musculoskeletal complaints (MSCs) among adults, several risk factors are known, but the most important determinant is an earlier episode of MSCs. Research has shifted to younger ages, showing a high prevalence of MSCs among children and adolescents. Our purpose was to evaluate the prevalence of MSCs among those growing up from age 11 to 14 and to explore the role of several sociodemographic, growth and development, psychosocial, and lifestyle factors. Data collected at age 11 (n = 2651) and age 14 (n = 2522) in the ongoing Dutch Prevention and Incidence of Asthma and Mite Allergy (PIAMA) birth cohort study were used...
September 15, 2016: Pain
Nathan W Skelley, Lauren M Yarholar, Lars C Richardson
BACKGROUND: Powered parachutes are becoming a popular form of sport flying. No previous study has reviewed injuries in this sport. The purpose of this study was to describe the injuries associated with powered parachute flying, the flight factors involved in an incident, and the impact an incident has on current sport involvement. METHODS: National Transportation Safety Board incident reports involving powered parachutes between 2004 and 2015 were reviewed. Internet searches were performed to contact involved pilots to find further information...
2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Kristen L Kucera, Karen G Roos, Jennifer M Hootman, Hester J Lipscomb, John M Dement, Barbara A Silverstein
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the work-related injury and illnesses experienced by certified athletic trainers (AT). METHODS: The incidence and characteristics of injury/illness claims filed in two workers' compensation systems were described from 2001 to 2011. Yearly populations at risk were estimated from National Athletic Trainers' Association membership statistics. Incidence rate ratios (IRR) were reported by job setting. RESULTS: Claims were predominantly for traumatic injuries and disorders (82...
October 24, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Guido Wierer, Armin Runer, Christian Hoser, Elmar Herbst, Peter Gföller, Christian Fink
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the clinical outcome of ACL reconstructions in patients older than 40 years of age to younger subjects. It has been hypothesized that patients older than 40 years of age achieve comparable clinical outcomes following acute ACL reconstruction using a hamstring tendon autograft than younger patients. METHODS: Patients with an isolated ACL tear without any concomitant injuries and subsequent ACL reconstruction within 48 h from injury were included in this prospective study...
October 24, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Cortie J Rolison, Milton Kyle Smoot
A 19-year-old golfer presented to the sports clinic with a 2-week history of dominant-hand pain after several months of daily golf. He had a metacarpal stress fracture. This case discusses the athlete's return-to-play timeline as well as reviews the current limited literature guiding return to play in grip athletes.
October 24, 2016: Sports Health
Michael J Ellis, Lesley J Ritchie, Patrick J McDonald, Dean Cordingley, Karen Reimer, Satnam Nijjar, Mark Koltek, Shahid Hosain, Janine Johnston, Behzad Mansouri, Scott Sawyer, Norm Silver, Richard Girardin, Shannon Larkins, Sara Vis, Erin Selci, Michael Davidson, Scott Gregoire, Angela Sam, Brian Black, Martin Bunge, Marco Essig, Peter MacDonald, Jeff Leiter, Kelly Russell
OBJECTIVES: To summarize the clinical characteristics and outcomes of pediatric sports-related concussion (SRC) patients who were evaluated and managed at a multidisciplinary pediatric concussion program and examine the healthcare resources and personnel required to meet the needs of this patient population. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all pediatric SRC patients referred to the Pan Am Concussion Program from September 1st, 2013 to May 25th, 2015...
October 24, 2016: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
Takuya Sekiguchi, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Haruki Momma, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Kaoru Kuroki, Kenji Kanazawa, Yutaka Yabe, Masashi Koide, Nobuyuki Itaya, Eiji Itoi, Ryoichi Nagatomi
PURPOSE: Serious arm injuries in youth baseball players have been increasing. Though a breakage in the kinetic chain could affect arm injuries, an association between arm injuries and insufficient support of the trunk and lower extremities is not well understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of low back and knee pain with elbow and/or shoulder complaints among youth baseball players. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire and document informed consent were mailed to youth athletes belonging to the Miyagi Amateur Sports Association...
October 22, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Bernard X W Liew, Susan Morris, Justin W L Keogh, Brendyn Appleby, Kevin Netto
BACKGROUND: In recent years, athletes have ventured into ultra-endurance and adventure racing events, which tests their ability to race, navigate, and survive. These events often require race participants to carry some form of load, to bear equipment for navigation and survival purposes. Previous studies have reported specific alterations in biomechanics when running with load which potentially influence running performance and injury risk. We hypothesize that a biomechanically informed neuromuscular training program would optimize running mechanics during load carriage to a greater extent than a generic strength training program...
October 22, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Sijie Tan, Cheng Chen, Mingyang Sui, Lunan Xue, Jianxiong Wang
OBJECTIVES: To explore the effects of exercise training on body composition, cardiovascular function, and physical fitness in 5-year-old obese and lean children. METHODS: 42 obese and 62 lean children were randomly allocated into exercise and control groups separately. Body composition, cardiovascular function, and physical fitness were measured at baseline and the end of the intervention. The exercise groups participated in 10 weeks of supervised moderate intensity exercise training (at 50% of heart rate reserve), 50 training sessions in total...
October 21, 2016: Pediatric Exercise Science
Ben Schram, Wayne Hing, Mike Climstein
BACKGROUND: Stand up paddle boarding (SUP) is a rapidly growing sport and recreational activity where anecdotal evidence exists for its proposed health, fitness and injury rehabilitation benefits. While limited scientific evidence exists to substantiate these claims, previous studies have shown that high levels of fitness, strength and balance exists amongst participants of this sport. The purpose of this study was to conduct a training intervention on a group of previously untrained individuals to ascertain the potential of SUP on various health parameters...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Zachary C Merz, Ryan Van Patten, John Lace
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to assess current broad traumatic brain injury (TBI)-related knowledge in the general public, as well as understanding regarding specific TBI-related conditions including post-concussive syndrome (PCS) and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). METHODS: Data were collected from 307 domestic and 73 international individuals via online researcher-developed survey instrumentation utilizing the Amazon Mechanical Turk marketplace, a recently developed website that allows for a streamlined process of survey-based participant recruitment and data collection...
October 20, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
Benedict U Nwachukwu, Kara Fields, Brenda Chang, Danyal H Nawabi, Bryan T Kelly, Anil S Ranawat
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in defining meaningful improvement in patient-reported outcomes. Knowledge of the thresholds and determinants for successful femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) outcomes is evolving. PURPOSE: To define preoperative outcome score thresholds and determine clinical/demographic patient factors predictive for achieving the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) after arthroscopic FAI surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2...
October 20, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Sven Reuter, Andreas B Imhoff, Frank Martetschläger
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature for the impact of rotator cuff tear (RCT) surgery on postoperative sporting activity in professional and recreational athletes. METHODS: To identify any published clinical study on return to sports data for athletes following rotator cuff surgery a systematic search in literature was conducted. Inclusion criteria were partial- and full-thickness rotator cuff tears and any open or arthroscopic RCT surgery in sports participating people...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Gregory R Waryasz, Alan H Daniels, Joseph A Gil, Vladimir Suric, Craig P Eberson
Increasing emphasis on maintaining a healthy lifestyle has led many individuals to seek advice on exercise from personal trainers. There are few studies to date that evaluate personal trainer education, practice trends, and injuries they have seen while training clients. A survey was distributed to personal trainers using Survey Monkey® (Palo Alto, CA, USA) with 605 personal trainers accessing the survey. An exercise related bachelor's degree was held by 64.2% of survey participants and a certification in personal training by 89...
September 19, 2016: Orthopedic Reviews
Breton M Asken, Aliyah R Snyder, M Seth Smith, Jason L Zaremski, Russell M Bauer
OBJECTIVE: The primary goals of this study were (1) to report rates of concussion-like symptoms in healthy adolescent student athletes assessed using the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool, 3rd edition (SCAT3) at baseline, (2) to examine rates of psychiatric diagnoses in this population, and (3) to evaluate effects of baseline symptoms on SCAT3 cognitive and balance performance. METHODS: 349 adolescent student athletes (245 male) were administered the SCAT3 during pre-participation physical examinations...
October 19, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Lotte Schut, Arnlaug Wangensteen, Jolanda Maaskant, Johannes L Tol, Roald Bahr, Maarten Moen
BACKGROUND: The current literature on the value of clinical evaluation for predicting time to return to sport (RTS) after acute hamstring injuries has not been systematically summarised. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature on the prognostic value of clinical findings (patient history and physical examination) for time to RTS after acute hamstring injuries in athletes. DATA SOURCES: The databases PubMed, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus and Cochrane Library were searched between October 2014 and August 2015...
October 18, 2016: Sports Medicine
Stephen P Bird, William J Markwick
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Youth participation in basketball is on the rise, with basketball one of the top five participation sports in Australia. With increased participation there is a need for greater awareness of the importance of the pre-participation examination, including musculoskeletal screening and functional performance testing as part of a multidisciplinary approach to reducing the risk for future injuries. As majority of all basketball injuries affect the lower extremities, pre-participation musculoskeletal screening and functional performance testing should assess fundamental movement qualities throughout the kinetic chain with an emphasis on lower extremity force characteristics, specifically eccentric loading tasks...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Sebastian Zabierek, Jakub Zabierek, Adam Kwapisz, Marcin E Domzalski
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The patella plays an important role in knee biomechanics and provides anterior coverage of the knee joint. One to two percent of the population has an anatomical variant of patella called a bipartite patella that usually does not case pain. However, occasionally after injury or overuse during sport it can be a source of anterior knee pain. The purpose of this case report was to present a rare variant of bipartite patella and highlight conservative treatment of this condition...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Michael S Crowell, Erik A Dedekam, Michael R Johnson, Scott C Dembowski, Richard B Westrick, Donald L Goss
BACKGROUND: While advanced diagnostic imaging is a large contributor to the growth in health care costs, direct-access to physical therapy is associated with decreased rates of diagnostic imaging. No study has systematically evaluated with evidence-based criteria the appropriateness of advanced diagnostic imaging, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), when ordered by physical therapists. The primary purpose of this study was to describe the appropriateness of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or magnetic resonance arthrogram (MRA) exams ordered by physical therapists in a direct-access sports physical therapy clinic...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Keith H May, Andrew A Guccione, Michael C Edwards, Marc S Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Although the relationship of self-efficacy to sports performance is well established, little attention has been paid to self-efficacy in the movements or actions that are required to perform daily activities and prepare the individual to resume sports participation following an injury and associated period of rehabilitation. There are no instruments to measure self-confidence in movement validated in an adolescent population. PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to report on the development of the AMCaMP, a self-report measure of confidence in movement and provide some initial evidence to support its use as a measure of confidence in movement...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"