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Sports Injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457746/cardiac-rupture-caused-by-traffic-accident-case-reports-and-a-literature-review
#1
Stefania Zerbo
The commonest cause of blunt cardiac injuries is from traffic accidents followed by violent falls, sport activities, accidents or a fight but rupture of the heart is rare and lethal. The precise incidence of cardiac injury after a blunt chest trauma is unknown as rates vary greatly in the literature from between 7% and 76% of cases. Autopsy studies have shown that the right ventricle is the most frequently ruptured, followed by the left ventricle, right atrium, intraventricular septum, left atrium and interatrial septum with decreasing frequency...
January 1, 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457417/-clinical-observation-of-the-second-operation-for-refracture-after-internal-fixation-of-clavicle
#2
Hong-Wei Xu, Xiao-Jun He, Zhong-Wei Zhang, Gang Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of Titanium Elastic intramedullary nailing(TEN) for the treatment of refracture of clavicle. METHODS: From March 2010 to March 2016, 9 cases of clavicle fracture, postoperative re-fracture (plate broken before fracture healing, plate and screw pull out or refracture after fracture union and internal fixation removal) included 6 males and 3 females with a mean age of 38.6 years old ranging from 20 to 62 years old; 3 cases were sports injury, 5 cases were traffic injury, 1 case was severe injury...
October 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456902/review-of-assessment-scales-for-diagnosing-and-monitoring-sports-related-concussion
#3
REVIEW
Alexa M Dessy, Frank J Yuk, Akbar Y Maniya, Alex Gometz, Jonathan J Rasouli, Mark R Lovell, Tanvir F Choudhri
Sports-related concussion has emerged as a public health crisis due to increased diagnosis of the condition and increased participation in organized and recreational athletics worldwide. Under-recognition of concussions can lead to premature clearance for athletic participation, leaving athletes vulnerable to repeat injury and subsequent short- and long-term complications. There is overwhelming evidence that assessment and management of sports-related concussions should involve a multifaceted approach. A number of assessment criteria have been developed for this purpose...
December 7, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455497/-clinical-research-of-treating-the-avulsed-fracture-of-humerus-greater-tuberosity-using-an-arthroscopic-double-row-suture-anchor-fixation-technique
#4
Ji Li, Wei-Xiong Liao, Hao Zhang, Yi-Meng Yang, Ke-Tao Wang, Zhong-Li Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the early clinical effects of treating the avulsed fracture of humerus greater tuberosity using the double-row suture anchor fixation technique. METHODS: Total 20 patients with the avulsed fracture of the greater tuberosity of the humerus were treated from September 2009 to January 2013. There were 12 males and 7 females, with an average age of 46.8 years old(24 to 69 years old). Eleven patients had injuries on right shoulder joint and 8 patients had injuries on left side...
August 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455243/2018-international-olympic-committee-consensus-statement-on-prevention-diagnosis-and-management-of-paediatric-anterior-cruciate-ligament-acl-injuries
#5
REVIEW
Clare L Ardern, Guri Ekås, Hege Grindem, Håvard Moksnes, Allen Anderson, Franck Chotel, Moises Cohen, Magnus Forssblad, Theodore J Ganley, Julian A Feller, Jón Karlsson, Mininder S Kocher, Robert F LaPrade, Mike McNamee, Bert Mandelbaum, Lyle Micheli, Nicholas Mohtadi, Bruce Reider, Justin Roe, Romain Seil, Rainer Siebold, Holly J Silvers-Granelli, Torbjørn Soligard, Erik Witvrouw, Lars Engebretsen
In October 2017, the International Olympic Committee hosted an international expert group of physiotherapists and orthopaedic surgeons who specialise in treating and researching paediatric anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. Representatives from the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine, European Paediatric Orthopaedic Society, European Society for Sports Traumatology, Knee Surgery and Arthroscopy, International Society of Arthroscopy Knee Surgery and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America, and Sociedad Latinoamericana de Artroscopia, Rodilla y Deporte attended...
February 17, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453931/comparison-of-return-to-pre-injury-sport-after-10-mm-size-bone-patellar-tendon-bone-bptb-versus-8-mm-hamstring-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-retrospective-study-with-a-two-year-follow-up
#6
Rimtautas Gudas, Rokas Jurkonis, Alfredas Smailys
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the reconstruction of a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) with 10 mm diameter BPTB (bone-patellar tendon-bone) autograft versus 8 mm HT (hamstring tendon) autografts, to compare the ability to restore pre-injury sports activities and reduce revision risk after these procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS A prospective clinical review was performed to compare results of patients who underwent primary anatomical ACLR with 10 mm BPTB autografts with patients who underwent 8 mm diameter HT autografts, between January 2011 and January 2014...
February 17, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453743/neuromuscular-control-deficits-and-the-risk-of-subsequent-injury-after-a-concussion-a-scoping-review
#7
REVIEW
David R Howell, Robert C Lynall, Thomas A Buckley, Daniel C Herman
An emerging area of research has identified that an increased risk of musculoskeletal injury may exist upon returning to sports after a sport-related concussion. The mechanisms underlying this recently discovered phenomenon, however, remain unknown. One theorized reason for this increased injury risk includes residual neuromuscular control deficits that remain impaired despite clinical recovery. Thus, the objectives of this review were: (1) to summarize the literature examining the relationship between concussion and risk of subsequent injury and (2) to summarize the literature for one mechanism with a theorized association with this increased injury risk, i...
February 17, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451452/epidemiology-of-spinal-injury-in-childhood-and-adolescence-in-the-united-states-1997-2012
#8
Joseph Piatt, Nicholas Imperato
OBJECTIVE There has been no successful study of trends in population-based incidences of pediatric spinal injury in the United States. The goal of the current study was to develop robust data to correct this deficiency in contemporary trauma epidemiology. METHODS Discharges coded for spinal injury were extracted from the Kids' Inpatient Database for 1997, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2012 for patients younger than 18 years. Childhood was defined as ages 0 through 14 years and adolescence as ages 15, 16, and 17 years...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450826/return-to-throwing-after-shoulder-or-elbow-injury
#9
REVIEW
Terrance A Sgroi, John M Zajac
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Throwing places high demands on the human body, and specific characteristics are developed over time unique to these athletes. When returning to throw after injury, it is important to follow a criterion-based progression that allows the body to be prepared appropriately for the stresses that throwing will require. There is currently a void in the literature for criteria-based progression that helps these athletes return to the highest level of play. RECENT FINDINGS: As injury rates continue to rise in baseball, there is increased evidence showing contributions of the core and lower extremity to the baseball pitch...
February 15, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450207/fixation-of-traumatic-chondral-only-fragments-of-the-knee-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-athletes-a-retrospective-multicenter-report
#10
Peter D Fabricant, Yi-Meng Yen, Dennis E Kramer, Mininder S Kocher, Lyle J Micheli, J Todd R Lawrence, Theodore J Ganley, Benton E Heyworth
Background: While traditional biological principles have suggested that fragments consisting of cartilage alone cannot be reaffixed to bone with expectable long-term healing, case reports of successful healing after fixation in younger patients indicate that this concept remains incompletely explored. Purpose: To evaluate the presenting features, techniques, healing rates, and clinical and radiological results in a cohort of pediatric and adolescent athletes who underwent fixation of traumatic chondral-only fragments in the knee...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448928/prevalence-of-adolescent-physical-activity-related-injuries-in-sports-leisure-time-and-school-the-national-physical-activity-behaviour-study-for-children-and-adolescents
#11
Anu M Räisänen, Sami Kokko, Kati Pasanen, Mari Leppänen, Arja Rimpelä, Jari Villberg, Jari Parkkari
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of adolescent physical activity-related injuries in sports club activities, leisure time physical activity and school-based physical activity. The secondary aim was to investigate the differences in the prevalence of physical activity -related injuries between years 2014 and 2016. In addition, we set out to study the associations between age, sex and the frequency of physical activity and injury prevalence. METHODS: This cross-sectional study is based on the National Physical Activity Behaviour Study for Children and Adolescents (LIITU in Finnish) conducted in years 2014 and 2016...
February 15, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448827/outcomes-after-primary-repair-of-insertional-ruptures-of-the-achilles-tendon
#12
Oliver Nickolaas Schipper, Robert Bentley Anderson, Bruce E Cohen
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendon insertional sleeve avulsions occur when the Achilles distal tendon sleeve ruptures off of its insertion into the calcaneal tuberosity, sometimes with a small bony fragment from calcific tendinosis. Little evidence exists describing the outcomes and rerupture rate after operative management of Achilles tendon sleeve avulsions. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed to identify patients who sustained an Achilles sleeve avulsion injury treated with operative repair between October 2005 and July 2014...
February 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445066/epidemiology-of-pediatric-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-at-school-an-investigation-of-a-nationwide-registry-in-japan
#13
Kosuke Kiyohara, Junya Sado, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Mamoru Ayusawa, Masahiko Nitta, Taku Iwami, Ken Nakata, Yasuto Sato, Noriko Kojimahara, Naohito Yamaguchi, Tomotaka Sobue, Yuri Kitamura
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of the epidemiology of pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) occurring in school settings is important to establish an evidence-based strategy for prevention and better prognosis.Methods and Results:The Stop and Prevent cardIac aRrest, Injury, and Trauma in Schools (SPIRITS) is a nationwide prospective observational study linking databases from 2 nationally representative registries, the Injury and the Accident Mutual Aid Benefit System of The Japan Sport Council and the All-Japan Utstein Registry of the Fire and Disaster Management Agency...
February 15, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444576/-fractures-of-the-fifth-metatarsal-base
#14
K Bušková, D Kuběnová, M Tuček
Fractures of the fifth metatarsal base are among the most common fractures of the foot. They are typically caused by indirect violence during sports activities. This region is also a site where stress fractures occur frequently. Diagnosis is based on the patients medical history, clinical examination and imaging methods. The fundamental imaging method is radiography of the foot in three views. MRI is used primarily for early diagnosis of stress fractures. CT examination is beneficial mainly in complex foot injuries, in order to rule out associated fractures...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442612/a-review-of-a-decade-of-rugby-union-injury-epidemiology-2007-2017
#15
Pierre L Viviers, Jeandré T Viljoen, Wayne Derman
CONTEXT: Rugby union is the most widely played team collision sport globally. As with other contact sports, there is substantial risk of injury. To date, the majority of studies on injury epidemiology have focused on elite male cohorts, which inherently prevents extrapolation of research findings to other groups within the player continuum. This review aims to describe emerging injury trends across the spectrum of various rugby union subpopulations and to highlight gaps that may influence future injury prevention tactics...
February 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438628/rotator-cuff-repair-in-adolescent-athletes
#16
Michael G Azzam, Jeffrey R Dugas, James R Andrews, Samuel R Goldstein, Benton A Emblom, E Lyle Cain
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tears are rare injuries in adolescents but cause significant morbidity if unrecognized. Previous literature on rotator cuff repairs in adolescents is limited to small case series, with few data to guide treatment. HYPOTHESIS: Adolescent patients would have excellent functional outcome scores and return to the same level of sports participation after rotator cuff repair but would have some difficulty with returning to overhead sports. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence 4...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437783/estimating-the-international-burden-of-sport-related-death-a-review-of-data-sources
#17
Kristen L Kucera, Lauren V Fortington, Catherine S Wolff, Stephen W Marshall, Caroline F Finch
INTRODUCTION: Despite detailed recommendations for sports injury data capture provided since the mid-1990s, international data collection efforts for sport-related death remains limited in scope. The purpose of this paper was to review the data sources available for studying sport-related death and describe their key features, coverage, accessibility and strengths and limitations. METHODS: The outcomes of interest for this review was death occurring as a result of participation in organised sport-related activity...
February 1, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435691/common-data-elements-collected-among-universities-for-sport-related-concussion-studies
#18
Jingzhen Yang, Corinne Peek-Asa, James M Noble, James Torner, Paul Schmidt, Martha L Cooper
BACKGROUND: Universities are increasingly implementing programs to effectively respond to and manage sport-related concussions (SRCs). One such effort is to develop common data elements (CDEs) and standardize data collection methods. The objectives of this study were to describe CDEs currently collected by Big Ten and Ivy League universities for SRC studies, and to compare the data collected with the core CDEs recommended by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)...
February 12, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434825/changes-in-inflammatory-and-oxidative-stress-factors-and-the-protein-synthesis-pathway-in-injured-skeletal-muscle-after-contusion
#19
Xiaoguang Liu, Zhigang Zeng, Linlin Zhao, Weihua Xiao, Peijie Chen
Injury of skeletal muscle, and particularly mechanically-induced damage, including contusion injury, frequently occurs in contact sports as well as in sports with accidental contact. Although the mechanisms of skeletal muscle regeneration are well understood, those involved in muscle contusion are not. A total of 40 male mice were randomly divided into control (n=8) and muscle contusion (n=32) groups. A muscle contusion model was established by weight-drop injury. Subsequently, the gastrocnemius muscles in the two groups were harvested at different times (1, 3, 7 and 14 days) post-injury...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433647/the-success-of-return-to-sport-after-ulnar-collateral-ligament-injury-in-baseball-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Scott D Peters, Garrett S Bullock, Adam P Goode, Grant E Garrigues, David S Ruch, Michael P Reiman
BACKGROUND: Ulnar collateral ligament injury (UCLI) has significantly increased in overhead sports during the past 2 decades. Differences in return to sport (RTS) and RTS at previous level (RTSP) after UCLI have not been differentiated. METHODS: A computer-assisted literature search of PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, and SportDiscus databases using keywords related to RTS for UCLI was implemented. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were used for study methodology...
March 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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