keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Environmental

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227718/a-home-automation-based-environmental-sound-alert-for-people-experiencing-hearing-loss
#1
Matthias Mielke, Rainer Bruck, Matthias Mielke, Rainer Bruck, Rainer Bruck, Matthias Mielke
Different assistive technologies are available for deaf people (i.e. deaf, deafened, and hard of hearing). Besides the well-known hearing aid, devices for detection of sound events that occur at home or at work (e.g. doorbell, telephone) are available. Despite the technological progress in the last years and resulting new possibilities, the basic functions and concepts of such devices have not changed. The user still needs special assistive technology that is bound to the home or work environment. In this contribution a new concept for awareness of events in buildings is presented...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227717/audis-wear-a-smartwatch-based-assistive-device-for-ubiquitous-awareness-of-environmental-sounds
#2
Matthias Mielke, Rainer Bruck, Matthias Mielke, Rainer Bruck, Rainer Bruck, Matthias Mielke
A multitude of assistive devices is available for deaf people (i.e. deaf, deafened, and hard of hearing). Besides hearing and communication aids, devices to access environmental sounds are available commercially. But the devices have two major drawbacks: 1. they are targeted at indoor environments (e.g. home or work), and 2. only specific events are supported (e.g. the doorbell or telephone). Recent research shows that important sounds can occur in all contexts and that the interests in sounds are diverse. These drawbacks can be tackled by using modern information and communication technology that enables the development of new and improved assistive devices...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227643/effect-of-environmental-factors-on-level-of-trip-disturbance-a-simulation-study
#3
Ming Liu, Peter Bohlen, He Helen Huang, Ming Liu, Peter Bohlen, He Helen Huang, Peter Bohlen, He Helen Huang, Ming Liu
Above knee amputees exhibit a higher risk of falling than able-bodied people, so the capacity to recover from trips (a major cause of unintentional falls) is critical for these amputees to prevent fall-related injuries. Although trip recovery approaches using powered prostheses have been proposed, the effectiveness of these approaches has not been evaluated with varied trip-related disturbance levels. Here, we conducted a simulation study to understand the relationship between trip-related disturbance levels and environmental factors...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227619/characterizing-graphene-modified-electrodes-for-interfacing-with-arduino%C3%A2-based-devices
#4
Farrah Aida Arris, Mohamad Hafiz Ithnin, Wan Wardatul Amani Wan Salim, Farrah Aida Arris, Mohamad Hafiz Ithnin, Wan Wardatul Amani Wan Salim, Mohamad Hafiz Ithnin, Wan Wardatul Amani Wan Salim, Farrah Aida Arris
Portable low-cost platform and sensing systems for identification and quantitative measurement are in high demand for various environmental monitoring applications, especially in field work. Quantifying parameters in the field requires both minimal sample handling and a device capable of performing measurements with high sensitivity and stability. Furthermore, the one-device-fits-all concept is useful for continuous monitoring of multiple parameters. Miniaturization of devices can be achieved by introducing graphene as part of the transducer in an electrochemical sensor...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227509/development-of-a-brain-monitoring-system-for-multimodality-investigation-in-awake-rats
#5
Kanokwan Limnuson, Raj K Narayan, Amrit Chiluwal, Chad Bouton, Ping Wang, Chunyan Li, Kanokwan Limnuson, Raj K Narayan, Amrit Chiluwal, Chad Bouton, Ping Wang, Chunyan Li, Chunyan Li, Ping Wang, Kanokwan Limnuson, Amrit Chiluwal, Raj K Narayan, Chad Bouton
Multimodal brain monitoring is an important approach to gain insight into brain function, modulation, and pathology. We have developed a unique micromachined neural probe capable of real-time continuous monitoring of multiple physiological, biochemical and electrophysiological variables. However, to date, it has only been used in anesthetized animals due to a lack of an appropriate interface for awake animals. We have developed a versatile headstage for recording the small neural signal and bridging the sensors to the remote sensing units for multimodal brain monitoring in awake rats...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227489/technology-adoption-and-prediction-tools-for-everyday-technologies-aimed-at-people-with-dementia
#6
Priyanka Chaurasia, Sally I McClean, Chris D Nugent, Ian Cleland, Shuai Zhang, Mark P Donnelly, Bryan W Scotney, Chelsea Sanders, Ken Smith, Maria C Norton, JoAnn Tschanz, Priyanka Chaurasia, Sally I McClean, Chris D Nugent, Ian Cleland, Shuai Zhang, Mark P Donnelly, Bryan W Scotney, Chelsea Sanders, Ken Smith, Maria C Norton, JoAnn Tschanz, Shuai Zhang, Ian Cleland, Bryan W Scotney, Ken Smith, Maria C Norton, Chris D Nugent, Mark P Donnelly, JoAnn Tschanz, Priyanka Chaurasia, Sally I McClean, Chelsea Sanders
A wide range of assistive technologies have been developed to support the elderly population with the goal of promoting independent living. The adoption of these technology based solutions is, however, critical to their overarching success. In our previous research we addressed the significance of modelling user adoption to reminding technologies based on a range of physical, environmental and social factors. In our current work we build upon our initial modeling through considering a wider range of computational approaches and identify a reduced set of relevant features that can aid the medical professionals to make an informed choice of whether to recommend the technology or not...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227475/label-free-detection-of-sex-determining-region-y-sry-via-capacitive-biosensor
#7
Shilpa Sivashankar, Christos Sapsanis, Sumeyra Agambayev, Ulrich Buttner, Khaled Nabil Salama, Shilpa Sivashankar, Christos Sapsanis, Sumeyra Agambayev, Ulrich Buttner, Khaled Nabil Salama, Khaled Nabil Salama, Shilpa Sivashankar, Sumeyra Agambayev, Christos Sapsanis, Ulrich Buttner
In this work, we present for the first time, the use of a simple fractal capacitive biosensor for the quantification and detection of sex-determining region Y (SRY) genes. This section of genetic code, which is found on the Y chromosome, finds importance for study as it causes fetuses to develop characteristics of male sex-like gonads when a mutation occurs. It is also an important genetic code in men, and disorders involving the SRY gene can cause infertility and sexual malfunction that lead to a variety of gene mutational disorders...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227261/myocardial-ischemic-beat-and-episode-detection-based-on-morphology-and-correcting-window-method
#8
Sung-Nien Yu, Po-Chuan Tsai, Sung-Nien Yu, Po-Chuan Tsai, Sung-Nien Yu, Po-Chuan Tsai
The objective of this study is to develop a simple and high-performance algorithm for detecting myocardial ischemic beats (MI beats) and episodes. We first applied preprocessing algorithms to reduce noises and artifacts coming from the environmental or human movements. Then, we simplified the procedures of identifying the important points and defined these points based only on heart rate and the R peak which is relatively unaffected by the noises. Finally, a correcting window was employed to re-evaluate the results for more accurately identify the MI beats and episodes...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227226/learning-approaches-to-improve-prediction-of-drug-sensitivity-in-breast-cancer-patients
#9
Turki Turki, Zhi Wei, Turki Turki, Zhi Wei, Turki Turki, Zhi Wei
Predicting drug response to cancer disease is an important problem in modern clinical oncology that attracted increasing recent attention from various domains such as computational biology, machine learning, and data mining. Cancer patients respond differently to each cancer therapy owing to disease diversity, genetic factors, and environmental causes. Thus, oncologists aim to identify the effective therapies for cancer patients and avoid adverse drug reactions in patients. By predicting the drug response to cancer, oncologists gain full understanding of the effective treatments on each patient, which leads to better personalized treatment...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227225/integration-of-snps-fmri-methylation-data-with-sparse-multi-cca-for-schizophrenia-study
#10
Wenxing Hu, Dongdong Lin, Vince D Calhoun, Yu-Ping Wang, Wenxing Hu, Dongdong Lin, Vince D Calhoun, Yu-Ping Wang, Vince D Calhoun, Yu-Ping Wang, Wenxing Hu, Dongdong Lin
Schizophrenia (SZ) is a complex mental disorder associated with genetic variations, brain development and activities, and environmental factors. There is an increasing interest in combining genetic, epigenetic and neuroimaging datasets to explore different level of biomarkers for the correlation and interaction between these diverse factors. Sparse Multi-Canonical Correlation Analysis (sMCCA) is a powerful tool that can analyze the correlation of three or more datasets. In this paper, we propose the sMCCA model for imaging genomics study...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227178/a-smartphone-application-suite-for-assessing-mobility
#11
Priyanka Madhushri, Armen A Dzhagaryan, Emil Jovanov, Aleksandar Milenkovic, Priyanka Madhushri, Armen A Dzhagaryan, Emil Jovanov, Aleksandar Milenkovic, Armen A Dzhagaryan, Priyanka Madhushri, Emil Jovanov, Aleksandar Milenkovic
Modern smartphones integrate a growing number of inertial and environmental sensors that can enable the development of new mobile health applications. In this paper we introduce a suite of smartphone applications for assessing mobility in elderly population. The suite currently includes applications that automate and quantify the following standardized medical tests for assessing mobility: Timed-Up-and-Go (TUG), 30 Seconds Chair Stand Test (30SCS), and a 4-stage Balance Test (4SBT). For each smartphone application we describe its functionality and a list of parameters extracted by processing signals from smartphone's inertial sensors...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226540/micro-tube-mass-production-device-for-microbial-culture
#12
K Fujimoto, M Ogawa, K Higashi, N Miki, K Fujimoto, M Ogawa, K Higashi, N Miki, K Higashi, K Fujimoto, M Ogawa, N Miki
This paper describes mass production system of micro-tubes for microbial culture in an open environment. Microbes are used in many fields, such as food, medicine, environmental and energy. We proposed a microbe culture system using hydrogel micro-tubes, which can protect the target microbes inside from competitive microbes outside of the tubes while allow oxygen and nutrition to diffuse through. The hydrogel micro-tubes can be produced by a microfluidic device, which can precisely control the flow and therefore, the tube geometry...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226497/simulations-and-design-of-microfabricated-interdigitated-electrodes-for-use-in-a-gold-nanoparticle-enhanced-biosensor
#13
Peter Hermansen, Scott MacKay, David Wishart, Jie Chen, Peter Hermansen, Scott MacKay, David Wishart, Jie Chen, David Wishart, Peter Hermansen, Scott MacKay, Jie Chen
Microfabricated interdigitated electrode chips have been designed for use in a unique gold-nanoparticle based biosensor system. The use of these electrodes will allow for simple, accurate, inexpensive, and portable biosensing, with potential applications in diagnostics, medical research, and environmental testing. To determine the optimal design for these electrodes, finite element analysis simulations were carried out using COMSOL Multiphysics software. The results of these simulations determined some of the optimal design parameters for microfabricating interdigitated electrodes as well as predicting the effects of different electrode materials...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226444/smartphone-based-noise-adaptive-speech-enhancement-for-hearing-aid-applications
#14
Issa Panahi, Nasser Kehtarnavaz, Linda Thibodeau, Issa Panahi, Nasser Kehtarnavaz, Linda Thibodeau, Issa Panahi, Nasser Kehtarnavaz, Linda Thibodeau
It is well established that the presence of environmental noises has a negative impact on the performance of hearing aid devices. This paper addresses a noise adaptive speech enhancement solution for the purpose of improving the performance of hearing aid devices in noisy environments. Depending on three noise types of babble, machinery, and driving car, the parameters of a recently developed speech enhancement algorithm are appropriately adjusted to gain improved speech understanding performance in noisy environments...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226429/postural-responses-after-utilization-of-a-computerized-biofeedback-based-intervention-aimed-at-improving-static-and-dynamic-balance-in-traumatic-brain-injury-a-case-study
#15
Rakesh Pilkar, Nibal Arzouni, Arvind Ramanujam, Kathleen Chervin, Karen J Nolan, Rakesh Pilkar, Nibal Arzouni, Arvind Ramanujam, Kathleen Chervin, Karen J Nolan, Arvind Ramanujam, Kathleen Chervin, Nibal Arzouni, Karen J Nolan, Rakesh Pilkar
Balance dysfunction is one of the most disabling aspects of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). Without rapid transmission and accurate perception of somatosensory inputs, the automatic postural responses required during standing may be delayed or absent after TBI which can lead to instability. Further, the sensitivity level to which environmental perturbations can be detected is also vital, as the central nervous system will only employ balance control strategies when it perceives a change in equilibrium. Such undetectable perturbations, however small they may be, can result in fatal falls, especially after TBI...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226421/opening-plenary-speaker-human-genomics-precision-medicine-and-advancing-human-health
#16
Eric D Green
Starting with the launch of the Human Genome Project in 1990, the past quarter-century has brought spectacular achievements in genomics that dramatically empower the study of human biology and disease. The human genomics enterprise is now in the midst of an important transition, as the growing foundation of genomic knowledge is being used by researchers and clinicians to tackle increasingly complex problems in biomedicine. Of particular prominence is the use of revolutionary new DNA sequencing technologies for generating prodigious amounts of DNA sequence data to elucidate the complexities of genome structure, function, and evolution, as well as to unravel the genomic bases of rare and common diseases...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226420/posnar2-1-osnar2-1-expression-enhances-nitrogen-uptake-efficiency-and-grain-yield-in-transgenic-rice-plants
#17
Jingguang Chen, Xiaoru Fan, Kaiyun Qian, Yong Zhang, Miaoquan Song, Yu Liu, Guohua Xu, Xiaorong Fan
The nitrate (NO3(-) ) transporter has been selected as an important gene maker in the process of environmental adoption in rice cultivars. In this work, we transfered another native OsNAR2.1 promoter with driving OsNAR2.1 gene into rice plants. The transgenic lines with exogenous pOsNAR2.1:OsNAR2.1 constructs showed enhanced OsNAR2.1 expression level, compared with wild type (WT), and (15) N influx in roots increased 21-32% in response to 0.2 mM and 2.5 mM (15) NO3(-) and 1.25 mM (15) NH4(15) NO3 . Under these three N conditions, the biomass of the pOsNAR2...
February 22, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226326/psoriasis-and-obesity
#18
Peter Jensen, Lone Skov
Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease with a complex pathogenesis consisting of a genetic component, immune dysfunction, and environmental factors. It is associated with numerous comorbidities including psoriatic arthritis, cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, and obesity. Evidence suggests that obesity is a risk factor for incident psoriasis, aggravates existing psoriasis, and that weight reduction may improve the severity of psoriasis in overweight individuals. Excess body weight may interfere with the medical treatment used in psoriasis and adds to the cardiovascular risk profile in these patients, which underscores the importance of effective weight control regimens...
February 23, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226291/cell-free-synthetic-biology-for-environmental-sensing-and-remediation
#19
REVIEW
David K Karig
The fields of biosensing and bioremediation leverage the phenomenal array of sensing and metabolic capabilities offered by natural microbes. Synthetic biology provides tools for transforming these fields through complex integration of natural and novel biological components to achieve sophisticated sensing, regulation, and metabolic function. However, the majority of synthetic biology efforts are conducted in living cells, and concerns over releasing genetically modified organisms constitute a key barrier to environmental applications...
February 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226279/roles-of-steady-state-and-dynamic-models-for-regulation-of-hydrophobic-chemicals-in-aquatic-systems-a-case-study-of-decamethylcyclopentasiloxane-d5-and-pcb-180-in-three-diverse-ecosystems
#20
Jaeshin Kim, Donald Mackay, David E Powell
We seek to contribute to the improved regulatory use of mass balance models to complement environmental monitoring data by applying the steady-state Quantitative Water Air Sediment Interactive model (QWASI) and a novel unsteady-state QWASI model. A steady-state model can yield not only a useful simulation of chemical fate under near steady-state conditions, but it can provide insights into the likely influences of increasing or decreasing emission rates, temperature changes, and unexpectedly high sensitivities to model parameters that may require additional investigation...
February 12, 2017: Chemosphere
keyword
keyword
26839
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"