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Somatoform disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893330/changes-in-resting-state-brain-networks-after-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-chronic-pain
#1
A Yoshino, Y Okamoto, G Okada, M Takamura, N Ichikawa, C Shibasaki, S Yokoyama, M Doi, R Jinnin, H Yamashita, M Horikoshi, S Yamawaki
BACKGROUND: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is thought to be useful for chronic pain, with the pathology of the latter being closely associated with cognitive-emotional components. However, there are few resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (R-fMRI) studies. We used the independent component analysis method to examine neural changes after CBT and to assess whether brain regions predict treatment response. METHODS: We performed R-fMRI on a group of 29 chronic pain (somatoform pain disorder) patients and 30 age-matched healthy controls (T1)...
September 12, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884713/-mental-disorders-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-differentiated-approach-to-the-study-of-nozogeny
#2
O V Shushpanova
AIM: To study mental disorders in patients with breast cancer (BC) at different stages of the disease taking into account premorbid characteristics and psychosomatic correlations in their development. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 82 patients with histologically confirmed BC. The first group consisted of 30 patients (mean age 49.7±11.1 years) with the first established diagnosis of BC and mental disorders caused by somatic disease (ICD-10 F40-F48, stress-related neurotic and somatoform disorders)...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862588/phantom-bite-a-real-or-a-phantom-diagnosis-a-case-report
#3
Ben A Sutter
This case report describes computer-guided occlusal therapy in a patient who met the unified diagnostic criteria for phantom bite. After a review of the patient's medical history, along with a diagnostic work-up that included cone beam computed tomography, temporomandibular joint vibration analysis, and digital occlusal analysis, problematic dental components were discovered (including prolonged disclusion time and imbalanced bite force). A digital occlusal analyzer evaluated the patient's occlusion and systematically guided the necessary changes...
September 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861892/sociodemographic-clinical-and-functional-long-term-outcomes-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-mental-disorders
#4
E Asselmann, H-U Wittchen, R Lieb, K Beesdo-Baum
OBJECTIVE: To examine unfavorable sociodemographic, clinical, and functional long-term outcomes for a range of adolescent mental disorders. METHODS: A total number of 2210 adolescents and young adults (14-24 years at baseline, T0) from a representative community sample were prospectively followed up (T1-T3) over 10 years. DSM-IV mental disorders, sociodemographic, clinical, and functional outcomes were assessed using the DIA-X/M-CIDI and its embedded assessment modules...
August 31, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853004/sex-specific-issues-in-eating-disorders-a-clinical-and-psychopathological-investigation
#5
Stefano Valente, Giulia Di Girolamo, Martina Forlani, Anna Biondini, Paolo Scudellari, Diana De Ronchi, Anna Rita Atti
OBJECTIVE: To highlight the characteristics of eating disorders (ED) in males, with particular attention to sex-related clinical features and psychiatric co-morbidities. METHOD: Out of 280 persons, referred to our outpatients ED clinic between January 2011 and June 2014, 267 with complete information were included in this retrospective observational study. RESULTS: The men/women ratio was one to five (male 16.5% vs female 83.5%) with an increasing proportion of male patients over the years...
August 29, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852249/where-lies-the-fault-in-diagnosing-dhat-syndrome-among-females-understanding-through-a-case-study
#6
Sujita Kumar Kar, Amit Singh
Dhat syndrome is a culture-bound syndrome of South-East Asia, common in young men. However, similar entity has also been described in female patients who attribute their symptoms to nonpathological or physiological vaginal discharge. The current diagnostic system for psychiatric illnesses does not encompass Dhat syndrome in females, and so these group of patients receive alternative diagnoses such as somatoform disorder or depression. As a result of which the focus of unique Dhat syndrome-centered management gets weakened, affecting the clinical outcome...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852247/somatoform-pain-disorder-presenting-as-atypical-facial-pain-a-rare-presentation-in-a-13-year-old
#7
Ruchita Shah, Nidhi Chauhan
Children and adolescents often present to physicians and pediatricians with a range of medically unexplained symptoms, most common being headache, abdominal, and bone pains. These symptoms can be a manifestation of underlying depressive, anxiety or somatoform disorders, and sometimes the only symptom. Hence, it is important to recognize and manage these symptoms. Atypical facial pain (AFP) or atypical trigeminal neuralgia that has variably been described to be of psychological origin is considered to be rare in children...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831617/hiv-prevalence-among-hospitalized-patients-at-the-main-psychiatric-referral-hospital-in-botswana
#8
Philip R Opondo, Ari R Ho-Foster, James Ayugi, Bechedza Hatitchki, Margo Pumar, Warren B Bilker, Michael E Thase, John B Jemmott, Michael B Blank, Dwight L Evans
We examined HIV prevalence among patients 18-49 year olds admitted to a psychiatric hospital in Botswana in 2011 and 2012. The retrospective study analyzed females (F) and males (M) separately, comparing proportions with Chi square test and continuous variables with Wilcoxon rank-sum test, assessing significance at the 5% level. HIV seroprevalence among hospitalized psychiatric patients was much more common among females (53%) compared with males (19%) (p < 0.001). These women also appeared more vulnerable to infection compared with females in the general population (29%) (p < 0...
August 22, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827864/burden-of-psychiatric-morbidity-among-attendees-of-a-secondary-level-hospital-in-northern-india-implications-for-integration-of-mental-health-care-at-subdistrict-level
#9
Partha Haldar, Rajesh Sagar, Sumit Malhotra, Shashi Kant
BACKGROUND: There is little information available on the type, pattern, trend, and demographic differentials of psychiatric cases attending a subdistrict level facility in India. Our objectives were to describe the sociodemographic profile of the patients availing the psychiatric outpatient department services and document the diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is based on a retrospective analysis of routinely recorded administrative data collected during psychiatry consultations that took place between January 2010 and June 2014, at the subdistrict level hospital, Ballabgarh, Faridabad district, Haryana, Northern India...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801385/diagnostic-barriers-for-somatic-symptom-disorders-in-primary-care-study-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study-in-germany
#10
Christina Heinbokel, Marco Lehmann, Nadine Janis Pohontsch, Thomas Zimmermann, Astrid Althaus, Martin Scherer, Bernd Löwe
INTRODUCTION: Somatoform or somatic symptom disorders ((S)SD) are common and have a negative impact on the patients' health-related quality of life, healthcare use and costs. In primary care, which is central to the management of (S)SD, diagnosis and treatment tend to be delayed. There is a significant lack of evidence regarding the barriers in the diagnostic process of (S)SD in primary care and how interventions should be tailored to address them. The aim of this study is to analyse the diagnostic process in primary care that results in the diagnosis or non-diagnosis of a (S)SD...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763813/-the-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-plastic-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-screening-methods
#11
K S Houschyar, H M Philipps, D Duscher, S Rein, K Weissenberg, I Nietzschmann, Z N Maan, M N Pyles, F Siemers
Background The body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is considered to be a sub-form of somatoform disorders. BDD can express itself in a delirious experience, an excessive evaluation and employment of the external appearance, in particular the face. Preliminary results suggest that individuals with BDD do not benefit from plastic surgery, so that aesthetic surgery often results in aggravation of their symptoms. Thus, the identification of signs for a BDD is crucial, whether a patient should be operated plastically-aesthetically...
August 1, 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745945/elena-a-case-of-dissociative-identity-disorder-from-the-1920s
#12
Adriano Schimmenti
In 1930, Italian psychiatrist Giovanni Enrico Morselli described the history, diagnosis, and treatment of his patient Elena. The case of Elena has been considered in literature as one of the most remarkable cases of multiple personality ever published. In fact, before treatment, Elena showed alternating French- and Italian-speaking personalities, with the Italian personality knowing nothing of her French counterparts. After a difficult treatment involving recovered memories of incestuous attacks by her father, which were proven to be true, Elena fully recovered from her symptoms...
2017: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738098/somatization-disorder-and-somatoform-symptoms-in-systematically-studied-survivors-of-10-disasters
#13
Gus Zhang, Carol S North
BACKGROUND: There is little agreement about the association of somatization with exposure to disaster trauma in the existing literature. METHODS: Pre-disaster and post-disaster psychiatric disorders, somatization disorder, and individual somatoform (medically unexplained) symptoms were assessed with structured diagnostic interviews in 811 directly exposed survivors of 10 disasters. RESULTS: Only 1 individual met criteria for post-disaster somatization disorder; there were no incident cases...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722100/-tailored-care-for-functional-vertigo-dizziness-an-integrative-group-psychotherapy-approach
#14
Katharina Radziej, Gabriele Schmid-Mühlbauer, Karina Limburg, Claas Lahmann
Functional vertigo and dizziness (VD) symptoms are highly prevalent and usually accompanied by a strong impairment of quality in everyday and working life. The complaints are often associated with various psychiatric disorders, particularly phobic and other anxiety disorders, depressive or somatoform disorders. Despite this clinical relevance of VD symptoms, studies towards psychotherapeutic treatment options for patients with functional VD are still rare. Thus, the present study outlines a manual for outpatient group therapy for patients with functional VD symptoms...
June 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693577/somatoform-dissociation-and-posttraumatic-stress-syndrome-two-sides-of-the-same-medal-a-comparison-of-symptom-profiles-trauma-history-and-altered-affect-regulation-between-patients-with-functional-neurological-symptoms-and-patients-with-ptsd
#15
Johanna Kienle, Brigitte Rockstroh, Martin Bohus, Johanna Fiess, Silke Huffziger, Astrid Steffen-Klatt
BACKGROUND: History of traumatic experience is common in dissociative disorder (DD), and similarity of symptoms and characteristics between DD and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) encouraged to consider DD as trauma-related disorder. However, conceptualization of DD as a trauma-related syndrome would critically affect diagnosis and treatment strategies. The present study addressed overlap and disparity of DD and PTSD by directly comparing correspondence of symptoms, adverse/traumatic experience, and altered affect regulation between patients diagnosed with dissociative disorder (characterized by negative functional neurological symptoms) and patients diagnosed with PTSD...
July 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678214/dissociative-features-of-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#16
Tonguc D Berkol, Yasin H Balcioglu, Simge S Kirlioglu, Habib Erensoy, Meltem Vural
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationships between the dissociative features of FMS and the pain, psychological status, and functional status. METHODS: Twenty-seven women with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) and 24 controls from the Istanbul Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Hospital (2013-2015) were included in this cross-sectional study. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Structured Clinical Interview for Axis I Disorders was used to evaluate the participants...
July 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675955/psychiatric-disorders-in-children-with-demyelinating-diseases-of-the-central-nervous-system
#17
Julia Pakpoor, Raph Goldacre, Klaus Schmierer, Gavin Giovannoni, Emmanuelle Waubant, Michael J Goldacre
INTRODUCTION: The profile of psychiatric disorders associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) may differ in children. We aimed to assess the risk of psychiatric disorders in children with MS and other demyelinating diseases, and vice versa. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed linked English Hospital Episode Statistics, and mortality data, 1999-2011. Cohorts were constructed of children admitted with MS and other central nervous system (CNS) demyelinating diseases. We searched for any subsequent episode of care with psychiatric disorders in these cohorts and compared to a reference cohort...
July 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655366/cardiovascular-fitness-in-late-adolescent-males-and-later-risk-of-serious-non-affective-mental-disorders-a-prospective-population-based-study
#18
J Nyberg, M Henriksson, M A I Åberg, A Rosengren, M Söderberg, N D Åberg, H G Kuhn, M Waern
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular fitness in late adolescence is associated with future risk of depression. Relationships with other mental disorders need elucidation. This study investigated whether fitness in late adolescence is associated with future risk of serious non-affective mental disorders. Further, we examined how having an affected brother might impact the relationship. METHOD: Prospective, population-based cohort study of 1 109 786 Swedish male conscripts with no history of mental illness, who underwent conscription examinations at age 18 between 1968 and 2005...
June 28, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637449/task-shifting-interpersonal-counseling-for-depression-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial-in-primary-care
#19
Camila T Matsuzaka, Milton Wainberg, Andrea Norcini Pala, Elis V Hoffmann, Bruno M Coimbra, Rosaly F Braga, Annika C Sweetland, Marcelo F Mello
BACKGROUND: Task shifting approaches (rational redistribution of tasks among health workforce teams) to train lay professionals to assist with integrating mental health treatment in primary care has been recommended to close the mental health treatment gap for depression in low- and middle-income countries. This study aims to examine the a new model for depression care in a low-resource environment compared to enhanced treatment at usual (E-TAU). METHODS: We trained non-specialist community health workers (local lay employees of the public health system) to provide Interpersonal Counseling (IPC) to treat depressive symptoms in the Brazilian, São Paulo city, family health strategy (FHS)...
June 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606500/is-there-a-specific-psychiatric-background-or-personality-profile-in-functional-dystonia
#20
Aleksandra Tomić, Igor Petrović, Danilo Pešić, Marija Mitković Vončina, Marina Svetel, Nataša Dragašević Mišković, Aleksandra Potrebić, Dušica Lečić Toševski, Vladimir S Kostić
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify if there was a specific difference between patients with functional dystonia (DysF) and those with adult-onset, isolated idiopathic ("primary") dystonia (DysP) in terms of psychiatric disorders, psychological stressor, dissociation correlates, and personality traits. METHODS: Thirty-nine clinically definite DysF and 30 DysP patients matched by age, gender and dystonia distribution underwent psychiatric interview based on DSM-5 criteria and additional testings for global cognitive and psychiatric functions (Mini-Mental State Examination, Hamilton Depression and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, Apathy Scale, Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire-20, Dissociative Experiences Scale II, and the five-dimensional Revised Neuroticism-Extroversion-Openness Personality Inventory)...
June 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
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