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Somatoform disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606500/is-there-a-specific-psychiatric-background-or-personality-profile-in-functional-dystonia
#1
Aleksandra Tomić, Igor Petrović, Danilo Pešić, Marija Mitković Vončina, Marina Svetel, Nataša Dragašević Mišković, Aleksandra Potrebić, Dušica Lečić Toševski, Vladimir S Kostić
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify if there was a specific difference between patients with functional dystonia (DysF) and those with adult-onset, isolated idiopathic ("primary") dystonia (DysP) in terms of psychiatric disorders, psychological stressor, dissociation correlates, and personality traits. METHODS: Thirty-nine clinically definite DysF and 30 DysP patients matched by age, gender and dystonia distribution underwent psychiatric interview based on DSM-5 criteria and additional testings for global cognitive and psychiatric functions (Mini-Mental State Examination, Hamilton Depression and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, Apathy Scale, Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire-20, Dissociative Experiences Scale II, and the five-dimensional Revised Neuroticism-Extroversion-Openness Personality Inventory)...
June 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599844/somatoform-and-neurocognitive-syndromes-after-hpv-immunization-are-not-associated-to-cell-mediated-hypersensitivity-to-aluminum
#2
Dimitri Poddighe, Maria Vadalà, Carmen Laurino, Beniaminoi Palmieri
Vaccines against human papilloma virus (HPV) have been demonstrated to be very effective to prevent infection-related neoplasms. However, several reports describing heterogeneous post-vaccination phenomena have been published in last few years. The spectrum of these disorders includes both immune-mediated neurological diseases and neuropsychiatric functional disorders. Some researchers speculated about a genetic predisposition, but others hypothesized a role of adjuvants, including some metals and, particularly, aluminum...
June 6, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592893/regional-brain-functions-in-the-resting-state-indicative-of-potential-differences-between-depression-and-chronic-pain
#3
Atsuo Yoshino, Yasumasa Okamoto, Mitsuru Doi, Naofumi Otsuru, Go Okada, Masahiro Takamura, Naho Ichikawa, Satoshi Yokoyama, Hidehisa Yamashita, Shigeto Yamawaki
Complex relationships between depression and chronic pain have been reported in previous studies. However, only a few neuroimaging studies have investigated similarities and differences in neural systems underlying them. We examined the brain functions in the resting state of 43 patients with depression, 41 patients with chronic pain (somatoform pain disorder) and 41 healthy controls, by using regional homogeneity (ReHo) and functional connectivity analysis. Depressive symptoms were assessed by using the Beck Depression Inventory-Second Edition (BDI-II)...
June 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559857/spanish-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-outcome-questionnaire-oq-30-2
#4
Paula Errázuriz, Sebastián Opazo, Alex Behn, Oscar Silva, Sergio Gloger
This study assessed the psychometric properties of a Spanish version of the Shortened Outcome Questionnaire (OQ-30.2, Lambert et al., 2004) validated with a sample of 546 patients in an outpatient mental health clinic and 100 non-clinical adults in Chile. Our results show that this measure has similar normative data to the original measure, with a cutoff score for the Chilean population set at 43.36, and the reliable change index at 14. This Spanish OQ-30.2 has good internal consistency (α = 0.90), has concurrent validity with the Depressive, Anxious, and Somatoform disorders measuring scale (Alvarado and Vera, 1991), and is sensitive to change during psychotherapy...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554368/mental-disorders-in-patients-with-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-cpps
#5
Christian Brünahl, Christoph Dybowski, Rebecca Albrecht, Björn Riegel, Johanna Höink, Margit Fisch, Bernd Löwe
OBJECTIVE: Chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) is a debilitating pain condition with prevalence rates between 2.0% and 26.6%. Studies indicate that CPPS is often associated with psychosocial factors, but little is known about the presence of full-blown mental disorders in female and male patients with CPPS. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the frequencies of mental disorders in patients with CPPS. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected from patients visiting a specialized outpatient clinic...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554364/associations-of-treatment-effects-between-follow-up-times-and-between-outcome-domains-in-interventions-for-somatoform-disorders-review-of-three-cochrane-reviews
#6
Sadman Chowdhury, Christopher Burton
BACKGROUND: Interventions for somatoform disorders typically address a range of outcomes. We aimed to examine treatment effects across outcome domains and specifically assess the association, at study level, between short and long term treatment effects and between treatment effects in different outcome domains. METHODS: We used data from recent systematic reviews of interventions for somatoform disorders to address three questions: We described outcome domains and measures by compiling forest plots of standardised mean difference...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553118/psychosis-in-parkinsonism-an-unorthodox-approach
#7
REVIEW
Marco Onofrj, Danilo Carrozzino, Aurelio D'Amico, Roberta Di Giacomo, Stefano Delli Pizzi, Astrid Thomas, Valeria Onofrj, John-Paul Taylor, Laura Bonanni
Psychosis in Parkinson's disease (PD) is currently considered as the occurrence of hallucinations and delusions. The historical meaning of the term psychosis was, however, broader, encompassing a disorganization of both consciousness and personality, including behavior abnormalities, such as impulsive overactivity and catatonia, in complete definitions by the International Classification of Diseases-10 (ICD-10) and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Our review is aimed at reminding that complex psychotic symptoms, including impulsive overactivity and somatoform disorders (the last being a recent controversial entity in PD), were carefully described in postencephalitic parkinsonism (PEP), many decades before dopaminergic treatment era, and are now described in other parkinsonisms than PD...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545580/early-response-in-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-syndromes-of-medically-unexplained-symptoms
#8
Maria Kleinstäuber, Michael J Lambert, Wolfgang Hiller
BACKGROUND: Early dramatic treatment response suggests a subset of patients who respond to treatment before most of it has been offered. These early responders tend to be over represented among those who are well at termination and at follow-up. Early response patterns in psychotherapy have been investigated only for a few of mental disorders so far. The main aim of the current study was to examine early response after five therapy-preparing sessions of a cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for syndromes of medically unexplained symptoms (MUS)...
May 25, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544558/psychiatric-and-physical-comorbidities-and-their-impact-on-the-course-of-bipolar-disorder-a-prospective-naturalistic-4-year-follow-up-study
#9
Benedikt L Amann, Joaquim Radua, Christian Wunsch, Barbara König, Christian Simhandl
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to increase the available evidence on how physical and psychiatric comorbidities influence the long-term outcome in bipolar I and II disorder. METHODS: We examined the prevalence of comorbid physical (metabolic, cardiovascular, thyroid, and neurological) diseases and psychiatric (neurotic, stress-related, somatoform, and personality) disorders and their impact on the risk of relapse in bipolar disorder. A total of 284 consecutively admitted patients with ICD-10 bipolar I (n=161) and II (n=123) disorder were followed up naturalistically over a period of 4 years...
May 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530345/-functional-somatic-syndromes-among-ethiopian-immigrants-in-israel
#10
Nimrod Grisaru, Danny Budowski, Seffefe Ayecheh, Eliezer Witztum
INTRODUCTION: The psychiatric classifications of disease (DSMIV; ICD-10) relate to a family of high incidence somatoform disorders whose use isn't uniform and cannot be measured. DSM-5 presents the term "cultural conceptualization of distress", which attempts to describe the cultural construct and its influences on mental distress and symptom presentation. Somatization among immigrants poses a diagnostic, treatment and research challenge due to cultural differences such as wrong understanding of their symptoms that may lead to misdiagnosis and to prescribing wrong and possibly harmful treatment and unnecessary hospitalization...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529479/in-patients-undergoing-cochlear-implantation-psychological-burden-affects-tinnitus-and-the-overall-outcome-of-auditory-rehabilitation
#11
Petra Brüggemann, Agnieszka J Szczepek, Katharina Klee, Stefan Gräbel, Birgit Mazurek, Heidi Olze
Cochlear implantation (CI) is increasingly being used in the auditory rehabilitation of deaf patients. Here, we investigated whether the auditory rehabilitation can be influenced by the psychological burden caused by mental conditions. Our sample included 47 patients who underwent implantation. All patients were monitored before and 6 months after CI. Auditory performance was assessed using the Oldenburg Inventory (OI) and Freiburg monosyllable (FB MS) speech discrimination test. The health-related quality of life was measured with Nijmegen Cochlear implantation Questionnaire (NCIQ) whereas tinnitus-related distress was measured with the German version of Tinnitus Questionnaire (TQ)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527059/personality-disorders-in-cluster-headache-a-study-using-the-millon-clinical-multiaxial-inventory-iii
#12
Sylvie Hélène Marie Jeanne Piacentini, Lara Draghi, Alberto Proietti Cecchini, Massimo Leone
A great deal of studies suggests that cluster headache (CH) patients are usually comorbid to anxiety-mood spectrum disorders and psychopathological symptoms; however, the personality profiles reported in the literature strictly depend on type of assessment used. Psychiatric comorbidities have been extensively studied in migraine and they are recognized to represent a major risk factor associated with poorer outcome, playing a role in the headache chronification process at once as cause and consequence of it...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522290/somatization-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Danilo Carrozzino, Per Bech, Chiara Patierno, Marco Onofrj, Bo Mohr Morberg, Astrid Thomas, Laura Bonanni, Mario Fulcheri
The current systematic review study is aimed at critically analyzing from a clinimetric viewpoint the clinical consequence of somatization in Parkinson's Disease (PD). By focusing on the International Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, we conducted a comprehensive electronic literature research strategy on ISI Web-of-Science, PsychINFO, PubMed, EBSCO, ScienceDirect, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Google Scholar databases. Out of 2.926 initial records, only a total of 9 studies were identified as clearly relevant and analyzed in this systematic review...
May 15, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499896/decreased-prefrontal-brain-activation-during-verbal-fluency-task-in-patients-with-somatoform-pain-disorder-an-exploratory-multi-channel-near-infrared-spectroscopy-study
#14
Xiajin Ren, Jinlong Lu, Xiaomin Liu, Chenyu Shen, Xiaoqian Zhang, Xiangyun Ma, Jingjing Sun, Gaoxiang Sun, Kun Feng, Bo Xu, Pozi Liu
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common phenomenon. Patients with somatoform pain disorder (SPD) suffer from lasting chronic pain which may cause cognitive impairment. The dysfunction of prefrontal cortex (PFC) may be involved in pain-induced cognition impairment, which is the most important part in regulating of cognitive function. Multi-channel near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a noninvasive and low-cost functional neuroimaging technique being used to detect the prefrontal cortex activation during cognitive tasks to demonstrate the relationship between PFC dysfunction and cognition impairment in SPD patients...
May 9, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498279/effectiveness-of-a-stepped-collaborative-and-coordinated-health-care-network-for-somatoform-disorders-sofu-net-a-controlled-cluster-cohort-study
#15
Bernd Löwe, Katharina Piontek, Anne Daubmann, Martin Härter, Karl Wegscheider, Hans-Helmut König, Meike Shedden-Mora
OBJECTIVE: Stepped, collaborative, and coordinated approaches have been proposed as the optimal treatment strategy for somatic symptom and related disorders (SSRD), but evidence supporting this strategy is lacking. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a guideline-based health care network for patients who are at high risk of somatoform disorder (Sofu-Net). METHODS: In a controlled, prospective, observer-blinded cluster cohort study, patients who were at high risk of somatoform disorder were recruited at 18 primary care practices in the Sofu-Net and at 15 primary care practices that provided care as usual (CAU)...
May 12, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497909/the-therapeutic-alliance-in-different-mental-disorders-a-comparison-of-patients-with-depression-somatoform-and-eating-disorders
#16
Johannes Mander, Andreas B Neubauer, Angelika Schlarb, Martin Teufel, Hinrich Bents, Martin Hautzinger, Stephan Zipfel, Andreas Wittorf, Isa Sammet
OBJECTIVE: The therapeutic alliance is intensively investigated in psychotherapy research. However, there is scarce research on the role of the specific diagnosis of the patient in the formation of the therapeutic alliance. Hence, the aim of this study was to address this research gap by comparing the alliance in different mental disorders. DESIGN: Our sample comprised 348 patients (mean age = 40 years; 68% female; 133 patients with depression, 122 patients with somatoform disorders, and 93 patients with eating disorders)...
May 12, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495022/delineating-the-joint-hierarchical-structure-of-clinical-and-personality-disorders-in-an-outpatient-psychiatric-sample
#17
Miriam K Forbes, Roman Kotov, Camilo J Ruggero, David Watson, Mark Zimmerman, Robert F Krueger
BACKGROUND: A large body of research has focused on identifying the optimal number of dimensions - or spectra - to model individual differences in psychopathology. Recently, it has become increasingly clear that ostensibly competing models with varying numbers of spectra can be synthesized in empirically derived hierarchical structures. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We examined the convergence between top-down (bass-ackwards or sequential principal components analysis) and bottom-up (hierarchical agglomerative cluster analysis) statistical methods for elucidating hierarchies to explicate the joint hierarchical structure of clinical and personality disorders...
April 29, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490323/lifetime-prevalence-of-mental-disorders-among-first-and-second-generation-individuals-with-turkish-migration-backgrounds-in-germany
#18
Demet Dingoyan, Holger Schulz, Ulrike Kluge, Simone Penka, Azra Vardar, Alessa von Wolff, Jens Strehle, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Uwe Koch, Andreas Heinz, Mike Mösko
BACKGROUND: This paper focuses on the lifetime prevalence of mental disorders in individuals with Turkish migration backgrounds in Germany, as there is a lack of reliable epidemiological data on this subject. METHODS: In total, 662 adults with Turkish migration backgrounds were interviewed in Hamburg and Berlin by trained, bilingual interviewers using the computerized Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI DIA-X Version 2.8) to assess diagnoses according to the DSM-IVTR...
May 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483633/gastric-modulation-of-startle-eye-blink
#19
André Schulz, Zoé van Dyck, Annika P C Lutz, Silke Rost, Claus Vögele
Previous assessment methods of gastric interoception either rely on self-reports, or imply invasive procedures. We investigated the reliability of startle methodology as a non-invasive alternative for the assessment of afferent gastric signals. Twenty-four participants were tested on three separate days, on which they were requested to ingest water (either 0, 300 or 600ml), after 8h of fasting. On each assessment day, eye blink responses (EMG) to 10 acoustic startle stimuli (105dB) were assessed at 4 measurement points (before, 0, 7, 14min...
May 5, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475727/foregut-symptoms-somatoform-tendencies-and-the-selection-of-patients-for-antireflux-surgery
#20
K-H Fuchs, F Musial, F Ulbricht, W Breithaupt, A Reinisch, B Babic, H Fuchs, G Varga
A large variety of foregut symptoms can occur in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which can overlap with other disorders such as somatoform disorders and dyspepsia. Due to unclear diagnostic situations, these patients are often not adequately treated. The aim of this study was the evaluation of patients with foregut symptoms, referred for possible antireflux surgery, regarding their relationship with GERD and somatization tendencies based on control data from an unselected population. Symptom evaluation and somatization screening were initiated both in volunteers and in patients with foregut symptoms and GERD...
July 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
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