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Somatoform disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931895/self-stigma-in-depressive-patients-association-of-cognitive-schemata-depression-and-self-esteem
#1
Sakie Shimotsu, Naoshi Horikawa
Many empirical studies have indicated that various psychosocial and psychiatric variables are correlated with levels of self-stigma. Treatment methods for reducing self-stigma have been investigated in recent years, especially those examining the relationship between negative cognitive schemata and self-stigma. This study examined the relationship of self-stigma with cognitive schemata, depression, and self-esteem in depressive patients. Furthermore, structural equation modeling (SEM) was conducted to evaluate three hypothetical models...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923241/-comparison-of-psychosomatic-rehabilitation-for-german-and-foreign-patients
#2
P Zollmann, V Pimmer, A D Rose, S Erbstößer
Aim: This study aims to comprehensively analyse the course of psychosomatic rehabilitation - from access to quantifiable rehabilitation outcomes. A comparison is made between 3 groups of patients: German citizens, patients of Turkish nationality or patients of foreign or unknown nationality. Methods: The data set used comprises routine data of the German Pension Insurance regarding psychosomatic rehabilitation from the so called Reha-Statistik-Database (RSD, database for rehabilitation statistics) over a period from 2007 to 2014...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922448/the-second-randomised-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-cost-effectiveness-and-acceptability-of-computerised-therapy-reeact-2-trial-does-the-provision-of-telephone-support-enhance-the-effectiveness-of-computer-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-a-randomised
#3
Sally Brabyn, Ricardo Araya, Michael Barkham, Peter Bower, Cindy Cooper, Ana Duarte, David Kessler, Sarah Knowles, Karina Lovell, Elizabeth Littlewood, Richard Mattock, Stephen Palmer, Jodi Pervin, David Richards, Debbie Tallon, David White, Simon Walker, Gillian Worthy, Simon Gilbody
BACKGROUND: Computerised cognitive behaviour therapy (cCBT) is an efficient form of therapy potentially improving access to psychological care. Indirect evidence suggests that the uptake and effectiveness of cCBT can be increased if facilitated by telephone, but this is not routinely offered in the NHS. OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of telephone-facilitated free-to-use cCBT [e.g. MoodGYM (National Institute for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia)] with minimally supported cCBT...
November 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894459/dsm-5-somatic-symptom-disorder-in-patients-with-vertigo-and-dizziness-symptoms
#4
Karina Limburg, Heribert Sattel, Katharina Radziej, Claas Lahmann
OBJECTIVE: DSM-5 somatic symptom disorder (SSD) could potentially be a highly relevant diagnosis for patients with vertigo and dizziness. The criteria of SSD, particularly the B-criterion with its three components (cognitive, affective, behavioral), have however not yet been investigated in this patient group. METHODS: We evaluated a large sample (n=399) of outpatients presenting in a neurological setting. Physical examinations and a psychometric assessment (SCID-I) were conducted; patients completed self-report questionnaires...
December 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883317/somatoform-disorders-a-pediatric-experience
#5
Nada Pop-Jordanova, Tatjana Zorcec
Somatization in children consists of the persistent experience and complaints of somatic distress that cannot be fully explained by a medical diagnosis. Working at the Psychophysiological Department at the University Clinic we are dealing with more than 100 children per year manifesting this kind of disorders. The aim of this article is to summarize some specific characteristics of the somatoform disorder in a group of 243 children, mean age 10.31 (± 2.75) years for both genders, selected randomly. The used psychometric instruments are: CBCL, EPQ for children, and MMPI-201 for mothers...
November 1, 2016: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864830/risk-of-psychiatric-disorders-self-harm-behaviour-and-service-use-associated-with-bariatric-surgery
#6
Z Kovacs, J B Valentin, R E Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate psychiatric outcomes after bariatric surgery, including suicide, self-harm, psychiatric service use and substance misuse. METHOD: Retrospective study on a Danish nationwide register-based cohort of 22 451 patients followed for 1 029 736 person-years. Data were analysed utilizing single- and multi-event Cox regression with non-operated controls with obesity and mirror-image analyses with the operated patient serving as their own controls...
November 19, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856605/medically-hospitalized-patients-with-eating-disorders-and-somatoform-disorders-in-pediatrics-what-are-their-similarities-and-differences-and-how-can-we-improve-their-care
#7
Patricia Ibeziako, Jennifer M Rohan, Simona Bujoreanu, Christine Choi, Meghan Hanrahan, Melissa Freizinger
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the current study is to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics and health care use of medically hospitalized patients with eating disorders (ED) and somatoform disorders (SFD) in a pediatric setting and to use the findings to explore opportunities for improved care. METHODS: Retrospective chart reviews of 125 patients with SFD and 125 patients with ED (N = 250) seen at a tertiary pediatric facility over a 12- and 19-month period, respectively...
December 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848034/vagus-nerve-stimulation-in-psychiatry-a-systematic-review-of-the-available-evidence
#8
REVIEW
Camelia-Lucia Cimpianu, Wolfgang Strube, Peter Falkai, Ulrich Palm, Alkomiet Hasan
Invasive and non-invasive vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is a promising add-on treatment for treatment-refractory depression, but is also increasingly evaluated for its application in other psychiatric disorders, such as dementia, schizophrenia, somatoform disorder, and others. We performed a systematic review aiming to give a detailed overview of the available evidence of the efficacy of VNS for the treatment of psychiatric disorders. Data derived from animal models, experimental trials without health-related outcomes, case reports, single-session studies, and reviews were excluded...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821358/suicidality-in-patients-with-somatoform-disorder-the-speechless-expression-of-anger
#9
Nora Kämpfer, Sabine Staufenbiel, Ingo Wegener, Stefanie Rambau, Anne Sarah Urbach, Martin Mücke, Franziska Geiser, Rupert Conrad
OBJECTIVE: To identify emotion-associated risk factors for suicidality in patients with somatoform disorders. METHODS: A sample of 155 consecutive patients diagnosed with somatoform disorders at the Psychosomatic Ambulance of Bonn University Hospital filled in several questionnaires including the Symptom Checklist 90-Revised Version (SCL-90-R), the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), and the State Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI). Our aim was to compare patients with suicide attempts to patients without suicide attempts via a MANCOVA (IV: Group; DV: SCL-90-R, TAS-20, STAXI; covariates: sex, age, depression, borderline personality disorder)...
October 17, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810112/assessing-older-adults-in-civil-litigation-cases
#10
Eileen A Kohutis
With the population aging, the legal and mental health systems need to be prepared for cases that involve older adults beyond the customary matters of guardianship and competency. Assessing older adults with the current tests raises concerns because these measures may not be adequately normed for this age group. Malingering, factitious disorders, and somatoform disorders are discussed due to health-related issues of normal aging. These topics complicate the assessment procedure and need consideration because they may affect the claimant's performance or symptom presentation...
November 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799774/impact-of-dissociation-on-treatment-of-depressive-and-anxiety-spectrum-disorders-with-and-without-personality-disorders
#11
Jan Prasko, Ales Grambal, Petra Kasalova, Dana Kamardova, Marie Ociskova, Michaela Holubova, Kristyna Vrbova, Zuzana Sigmundova, Klara Latalova, Milos Slepecky, Marta Zatkova
OBJECTIVE: The central goal of the study was to analyze the impact of dissociation on the treatment effectiveness in patients with anxiety/neurotic spectrum and depressive disorders with or without comorbid personality disorders. METHODS: The research sample consisted of inpatients who were hospitalized in the psychiatric department and met the ICD-10 criteria for diagnosis of depressive disorder, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, mixed anxiety-depressive disorder, agoraphobia, social phobia, obsessive compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, adjustment disorders, dissociative/conversion disorders, somatoform disorder, or other anxiety/neurotic spectrum disorder...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756342/the-relation-between-the-patient-health-questionnaire-15-and-dsm-somatic-diagnoses
#12
Shih-Cheng Liao, Wei-Lieh Huang, Huei-Mei Ma, Min-Tzu Lee, Tzu-Ting Chen, I-Ming Chen, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
BACKGROUND: Our purpose was to examine the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Patient Health Questionnaire-15 (PHQ-15) in Taiwan, and to explore its relation to somatoform disorders (DSM-IV) and to somatic symptom and related disorders (DSM-5). METHODS: We recruited 471 individuals, 151 with somatoform disorders and 200 with somatic symptom and related disorders. Subjects completed the Chinese version of the PHQ-15, Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and received a DSM-IV- and DSM-5-based diagnostic interview...
October 18, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751560/-ability-of-french-general-practitioners-to-detect-common-mental-disorders-identified-using-the-patient-health-questionnaire-has-this-changed-with-the-introduction-of-gatekeeping-and-registration-with-a-chosen-doctor
#13
J Norton, M David, C Gandubert, C Bouvier, L-A Gutierrez, A Frangeuil, A Macgregor, A Oude Engberink, A Mann, D Capdevielle
OBJECTIVES: The general practitioner (GP) is the most frequently consulted health professional by patients with common mental disorders (CMD). Yet approximately half of cases are not detected by the GP. Many factors linked to the patient, the doctor and the health care system influence detection. For example, detection rates are higher when patients are better known to their GP. On the other hand, patients visiting a different GP for reasons of dissatisfaction with previous care are more likely to be detected on the survey-day...
October 14, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750358/-models-of-mental-health-care-for-vulnerable-refugees-in-the-community
#14
Julia Schellong, Franziska Epple, Kerstin Weidner, Andrea Möllering
A non-neglectable portion of people that have fled to Germany have been subjected to expulsion, violence, torture and grave human loss. In some of them, signs of secondary mental problems are obvious. In the light of the efforts at integration, these diseases must not be neglected. Outlined are the federal legal requirements and how the cost coverage, as well as the admission to health care system, is structured. Additionally, 2 exemplary regional models for psychosomatic health care are being introduced: Dresden's "Stepped Care Model for Psychologically Vulnerable Refugees" includes phased offers for prevention and treatment of acute mental crises, as well as somatoform disorders in refugees and their volunteer helpers...
October 17, 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750357/-psychiatric-and-psychotherapeutic-care-of-refugees-by-reference-of-a-large-psychiatric-care-hospital-in-western-germany
#15
Jonas Schaffrath, Mario Schmitz-Buhl, Ali Kemal Gün, Euphrosyne Gouzoulis-Mayfrank
Medical and psychological care of refugees is among the most important current challenges in German health politics. Work with patients from this heterogeneous group who have often faced severe stress before, during and after their migration is currently based on a thin data foundation. Based on introductory information on current knowledge concerning psychiatric morbidity of refugees this article presents the psychiatric care of refugees at LVR Clinics Cologne - a psychiatric specialty hospital situated in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany...
October 17, 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727263/-burden-in-caregivers-of-psychiatric-patients-attending-psychodynamic-multifamily-groups-preliminary-results-of-an-empirical-study
#16
Maria Teresa Gargano, Grazia Serantoni, Fiorella Ceppi, Marco D'Alema, Luisella Ferraris, Paola Innocente, Fiorella Lanzi, Andrea Narracci, Federico Russo, Marcella Venier
AIM: The main aim of this study is to investigate the burden in relatives of psychiatric patients attending long-term psychodynamic multifamily groups (18 months) of some Mental Health Departments of Lazio Region. A further aim is to verify if the decrease of the burden and the group participation are associated with a reduction of psychiatric symptoms in patients. METHODS: The sample consisted of 13 patients (10 men and 3 women) with severe personality disorder with at least one psychotic episode and 42 caregivers (15 men and 27 women)...
July 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723925/-what-do-interpreters-cost-a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-costs-for-interpreters-in-treatment-of-refugees-in-a-psychiatric-outpatient-clinic-in-berlin
#17
Stefanie Schreiter, Johanna Winkler, Joachim Bretz, Meryam Schouler-Ocak
Clinical diagnostics of mental disorders especially among refugees and asylum seekers come with unique difficulties: language barriers, different forms of expression and concepts of the understanding of mental illness as well as a different cultural background. Therefore professional interpreters are needed but associated with a higher effort related to costs and time. We conducted a retrospective analysis of costs, which incurred by the use of professional interpreters in our outpatient clinic in Berlin, Germany, in the first quarter 2016 for the treatment of refugees and asylum seekers...
September 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719855/functional-facial-and-tongue-movement-disorders
#18
A Fasano, M Tinazzi
Functional movement disorders (FMDs) affecting the eyelids, tongue, and other facial muscles are often underrecognized because their phenomenology has not been fully characterized. Nevertheless, these disorders are more common than previously thought. In this chapter we will discuss the phenomenology as well as the clinical and instrumental diagnosis of facial FMDs. Facial FMDs should be considered when a patient exhibits any combination of the following features: (1) fixed unilateral facial contractions, especially with lower lip, with or without ipsilateral jaw involvement, of maximal severity at onset; (2) inconsistent features such as changes in side and pattern during or between examination; (3) associated somatoform or nonphysiologic sensory or motor findings; (4) reduction or abolition of facial spasm with distraction; (5) response to suggestion or psychotherapy; (6) rapid onset and/or spontaneous remissions; and (7) normal neurologic examination...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719836/do-epi-genetics-impact-the-brain-in-functional-neurologic-disorders
#19
T Frodl
Advances in neuropsychiatric research are supposed to lead to significant improvements in understanding functional neurologic disorders and their diagnosis. However, epigenetic and genetic research on conversion disorders and somatoform disorders is only at its start. This review demonstrates the current state within this field and tries to bridge a gap from what is known on gene-stress interactions in other psychiatric disorders like depression. The etiology of conversion disorders is hypothesized to be multifactorial...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709242/-care-differences-in-a%C3%A2-consultation-and-liaison-service
#20
J Valdés-Stauber, S Bachthaler
BACKGROUND: The investigation of the real density of care by a consultation-liaison service (CLS) as a function of patient groups, settings and diagnoses makes sense with respect to a better allocation of resources. OBJECTIVE: Are there differences concerning the density of care by a CLS in a general hospital depending on patient groups and on the psychiatric diagnosis? METHOD: A retrospective (2012-2015) survey of all consultations (n = 7081 corresponding to 4080 patients) was carried out based on the CLS documentation for quality assurance...
October 5, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
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