Read by QxMD icon Read

Cystatin c in acute coronary syndrome

Helena Grufman, Troels Yndigegn, Isabel Gonçalves, Jan Nilsson, Alexandru Schiopu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: IL-27 is an immunoregulatory cytokine belonging to the IL-6/IL-12 family that was found to be elevated in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. We investigated whether IL-27 is related to post-ischemic cardiac remodeling and long-term prognosis in this patient group. METHODS: We included 524 ACS patients, defined as acute myocardial infarction (AMI) or unstable angina (UA). A subgroup of 107 patients donated blood samples 6 weeks after the index event, and underwent a follow-up echocardiographical examination at 1 year...
February 7, 2018: Cytokine
Wael Sumaya, Lars Wallentin, Stefan K James, Agneta Siegbahn, Katja Gabrysch, Maria Bertilsson, Anders Himmelmann, Ramzi A Ajjan, Robert F Storey
Aims: To determine whether fibrin clot properties are associated with clinical outcomes following acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods and results: Plasma samples were collected at hospital discharge from 4354 ACS patients randomized to clopidogrel or ticagrelor in the PLATelet inhibition and patient Outcomes (PLATO) trial. A validated turbidimetric assay was employed to study plasma clot lysis time and maximum turbidity (a measure of clot density). One-year rates of cardiovascular (CV) death, spontaneous myocardial infarction (MI) and PLATO-defined major bleeding events were assessed after sample collection...
April 1, 2018: European Heart Journal
Naikuan Fu, Min Liang, Shicheng Yang
The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of high-dose atorvastatin on the prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing percutaneous intervention and observe the incidence of cystatin C (CyC)-based CIN. A total of 496 patients with ACS were randomly assigned to either the control group (247 patients receiving conventional dose atorvastatin 10 mg daily from 1 day before to 3 days after contrast administration) or the high-dose atorvastatin group (249 patients receiving atorvastatin 40 mg daily for the same perioperative period)...
January 1, 2018: Angiology
Katherine G Garlo, William B White, George L Bakris, Faiez Zannad, Craig A Wilson, Stuart Kupfer, Muthiah Vaduganathan, David A Morrow, Christopher P Cannon, David M Charytan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Biomarkers may improve identification of individuals at risk of eGFR decline who may benefit from intervention or dialysis planning. However, available biomarkers remain incompletely validated for risk stratification and prediction modeling. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We examined serum cystatin C, urinary kidney injury molecule-1 (uKIM-1), and urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (UNGAL) in 5367 individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus and recent acute coronary syndromes enrolled in the Examination of Cardiovascular Outcomes with Alogliptin versus Standard of Care (EXAMINE) trial...
March 7, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Petr Kuběna, Jindřich Špinar, Milan Dastych, Petr Lokaj, Jiří Pařenica
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is an important cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Early diagnostics of this disease helps in the appropriate treatment of patients. Great attention is paid to the diagnostic and risk stratification of patients according to circulating biomarkers. There are a lot of scientific publications describing this topic. The aim of this article is to provide a comprehensive overview of the most important and most examined biomarkers in acute coronary syndrome. Meanwhile troponin takes a fundamental place for AMI diagnostic (mostly the high-sensitive methods) in preference to MB-fraction of creatine kinase and myoglobin...
December 0: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Philipp Bahrmann, Thomas Bertsch, Evangelos Giannitsis, Michael Christ, Benjamin Hofner, Robert Christenson, Bertil Lindahl, Christian Mueller
BACKGROUND: Increases in the novel serum marker cystatin C are detectable much earlier in the course of chronic kidney disease (CKD) even when levels of serum creatinine are still in the normal range. A major factor causing a decrease in serum creatinine is increasing age. Patients with CKD are more likely to develop cardiovascular disease (CVD) than a healthy population and to suffer premature deaths from CVD related to CKD. The aim of this study was to investigate whether cystatin C, serum creatinine, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) predict cardiovascular mortality in patients admitted to the emergency department (ED) with suspected acute coronary syndromes (ACS)...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
Andrea Driscoll, Elizabeth H Barnes, Stefan Blankenberg, David M Colquhoun, David Hunt, Paul J Nestel, Ralph A Stewart, Malcolm J West, Harvey D White, John Simes, Andrew Tonkin
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease is a major cause of heart failure. Availability of risk-prediction models that include both clinical parameters and biomarkers is limited. We aimed to develop such a model for prediction of incident heart failure. METHODS: A multivariable risk-factor model was developed for prediction of first occurrence of heart failure death or hospitalization. A simplified risk score was derived that enabled subjects to be grouped into categories of 5-year risk varying from <5% to >20%...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
Min Liang, Shicheng Yang, Naikuan Fu
BACKGROUND: The prophylactic efficacy of statin pretreatment for the prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients undergoing coronary angiography (CAG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains controversial. The aim of the study was to perform a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the effectiveness of short-term moderate or high-dose rosuvastatin pretreatment in preventing CIN. METHODS: We included RCTs comparing short-term moderate or high-dose rosuvastatin treatment versus low-dose rosuvastatin treatment or placebo for preventing CIN...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jinjin Zhang, Xianhao Wu, Peizhen Gao, Pingping Yan
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of cystatin C (CysC) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) regarding vascular lesions and their severity in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: According to the results of coronary angiography, 195 ACS patients were divided into a single-vascular-lesion group (91 cases), a dual-vascular-lesion group (67 cases), and a multiple-vascular-lesion group (37 cases) to assess the severity of coronary artery disease according to Gensini scores and to analyze the correlations of CysC and eGFR level with vascular lesions and severity in ACS patients...
January 31, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Aida Hamzic-Mehmedbasic
INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory markers have been identified as potential indicators of future adverse outcome after acute cardiac events. AIM: This study aimed to analyze baseline inflammatory cytokines levels in patients with acute heart failure (AHF) and/or acute coronary syndrome (ACS) according to survival. The main objective was to identify risk factors for mortality after an episode of AHF and/or ACS. METHODS: In this prospective longitudinal study 75 patients with the diagnosis of AHF and/or ACS were enrolled...
July 27, 2016: Medical Archives
Milos Brankovic, K Martijn Akkerhuis, Nermina Buljubasic, Jin M Cheng, Rohit M Oemrawsingh, Hector M Garcia-Garcia, Evelyn Regar, Patrick W Serruys, Robert-Jan van Geuns, Eric Boersma, Isabella Kardys
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We investigated whether plasma cystatin C (CysC) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) are associated with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-derived characteristics of coronary atherosclerosis and 1-year adverse coronary events in patients with normal and mildly-to-moderately impaired kidney function. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2011, virtual histology (VH)-IVUS of a non-culprit coronary artery was performed in 581 patients undergoing coronary angiography...
November 2016: Atherosclerosis
Isabel Graupera, Elsa Solà, Núria Fabrellas, Rebeca Moreira, Cristina Solé, Patricia Huelin, Gloria de la Prada, Elisa Pose, Xavier Ariza, Alessandro Risso, Sonia Albertos, Manuel Morales-Ruiz, Wladimiro Jiménez, Pere Ginès
UNLABELLED: MCP-1 (monocyte chemoattractant protein-1) is a proinflammatory cytokine involved in chemotaxis of monocytes. In several diseases, such as acute coronary syndromes and heart failure, elevated MCP-1 levels have been associated with poor outcomes. Little is known about MCP-1 in cirrhosis. AIM: To investigate the relationship between MCP-1 and outcome in decompensated cirrhosis. METHODS: Prospective study of 218 patients discharged from hospital after an admission for complications of cirrhosis...
2016: PloS One
Leila Abid, Salma Charfeddine, Samir Kammoun, Mouna Turki, Fatma Ayedi
AIMS: Cystatin C is an endogenous marker of renal function. It is a well established better marker of glomerular filtration rate than serum creatinine. There is also evidence that cystatin C is associated with atherosclerotic disease. The present prospective study evaluated the prognostic value of cystatin C after myocardial infarction in patients without chronic kidney disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 127 patients who underwent coronary angiography after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) were included...
July 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Pedro J Flores-Blanco, Ángel López-Cuenca, James L Januzzi, Francisco Marín, Marianela Sánchez-Martínez, Miriam Quintana-Giner, Ana I Romero-Aniorte, Mariano Valdés, Sergio Manzano-Fernández
BACKGROUND: Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equations estimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) more accurately than the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation. HYPOTHESIS: New CKD-EPI equations improve risk stratification in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) and provide complementary information to the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) risk score. METHODS: We studied 350 subjects (mean age, 68 ± 12 years; 70% male) with NSTE-ACS...
September 2016: Clinical Cardiology
Gaoliang Yan, Wenjie Kong, Dong Wang, Yong Qiao, Xiang Sha, Tianyu Cheng, Hairong Zhang, Jiantong Hou, Chengchun Tang, Genshan Ma
OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of plasma homocysteinemia(Hcy) on contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. METHODS: Consecutive 684 ACS patients undergoing first PCI in our department between January 2013 and December 2014 were prospectively enrolled.Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the pre-procedural plasma Hcy level: high-Hcy group (Hcy≥10 μmol/L, n=404) and control group (Hcy<10 μmol/L, n=280)...
January 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
Emil Hagström, Stefan K James, Maria Bertilsson, Richard C Becker, Anders Himmelmann, Steen Husted, Hugo A Katus, Philippe Gabriel Steg, Robert F Storey, Agneta Siegbahn, Lars Wallentin
AIMS: Growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) predicts death and composite cardiovascular (CV) events in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We investigated the independent associations between GDF-15 levels and major bleeding, the extent of coronary lesions and individual CV events in patients with ACS. METHODS AND RESULTS: Growth differentiation factor-15 was analysed at baseline ( ITALIC! n = 16 876) in patients with ACS randomized to ticagrelor or clopidogrel in the PLATO (PLATelet inhibition and patient Outcomes) trial...
April 21, 2016: European Heart Journal
Andrew M Tonkin, Stefan Blankenberg, Adrienne Kirby, Tanja Zeller, David M Colquhoun, Anne Funke-Kaiser, Wendy Hague, David Hunt, Anthony C Keech, Paul Nestel, Ralph Stewart, David R Sullivan, Peter L Thompson, Malcolm West, Harvey D White, John Simes
AIMS: In patients with stable coronary heart disease (CHD), we aimed to assess 1. the prognostic power of biomarkers reflecting haemodynamics, micronecrosis, inflammation, coagulation, lipids, neurohumoral activity, and renal function; 2. whether changes in concentrations of these biomarkers over 12 months affected subsequent CHD risk; and 3. whether pravastatin modified the change in biomarker concentrations and this influenced the risk of future events. METHODS: In the LIPID study, 9014 patients were randomised to pravastatin 40 mg or placebo 3-36 months after an acute coronary syndrome...
December 15, 2015: International Journal of Cardiology
Eiryu Sai, Kazunori Shimada, Katsumi Miyauchi, Yoshiyuki Masaki, Takahiko Kojima, Tadashi Miyazaki, Takeshi Kurata, Manabu Ogita, Shuta Tsuboi, Takuma Yoshihara, Tetsuro Miyazaki, Akimichi Ohsaka, Hiroyuki Daida
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an important risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) and cardiovascular events. Cystatin C (CysC) has been proposed as a sensitive marker for CKD. However, the predictive value of CysC for cardiovascular events in CAD patients with preserved estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is unclear. We enrolled 277 consecutive patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention with sirolimus-eluting stents (SES). Patients with an eGFR ≤60 ml/min/1.73 m(2) were excluded...
May 2016: Heart and Vessels
Eduard Shantsila, Luke D Tapp, Gregory Y H Lip
AIMS: We assessed changes of serum combined free immunoglobulin light chains (cFLC) levels, which are associated with increased all-cause mortality, in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in relation to inflammation and renal function indices. METHODS: cFLC were measured in 48 patients with STEMI on days 1, 3, 7 and 30 with assessment of their relationships with monocyte subsets, high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), and cystatin C. Day 1 levels in STEMI patients were compared to 40 patients with stable coronary artery disease, and 37 healthy controls...
April 15, 2015: International Journal of Cardiology
Inês Almeida, Francisca Caetano, Sérgio Barra, Marta Madeira, Paula Mota, António Leitão-Marques
AIMS: Renal dysfunction is a powerful predictor of adverse outcomes in patients hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome. Three new glomerular filtration rate (GFR) estimating equations recently emerged, based on serum creatinine (CKD-EPIcreat), serum cystatin C (CKD-EPIcyst) or a combination of both (CKD-EPIcreat/cyst), and they are currently recommended to confirm the presence of renal dysfunction. Our aim was to analyse the predictive value of these new estimated GFR (eGFR) equations regarding mid-term mortality in patients with acute coronary syndrome, and compare them with the traditional Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD-4) formula...
June 2016: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"