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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717098/evaluation-of-drug-induced-hematotoxicity-using-novel-in-vitro-monkey-cfu-gm-and-bfu-e-colony-assays
#1
Koichi Goto, Mayumi Goto, Masako Ando-Imaoka, Kiyonori Kai, Kazuhiko Mori
In order to evaluate drug-induced hematotoxicity in monkey cells in vitro, colony-forming unit-granulocyte, macrophage (CFU-GM), and burst-forming unit-erythroid (BFU-E) colony assays were established using mononuclear cells in the bone marrow collected from male cynomolgus monkeys. Furthermore, the effects of doxorubicin, chloramphenicol, and linezolid on CFU-GM and BFU-E colony formation were investigated using established monkey CFU-GM and BFU-E colony assays in comparison with those on human CFU-GM and BFU-E colonies acquired from human umbilical cord blood cells...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715685/metabolic-profile-study-of-7-8-dihydroxyflavone-in-monkey-plasma-using-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#2
Taoping Sun, Sijing Chen, Hao Huang, Tianqing Li, Wei Yang, Liegang Liu
7, 8-Dihydroxyflavone, as a high-affinity tropomyosin-receptor-kinase B agonist, can mimic the physiological actions of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and exert a variety of neurological actions in numerous models including Parkinsońs disease, depression, learning and memory. Nonetheless, a limited number of studies have been focused on its metabolism in mammal and no methodology has been reported for the determination of 7, 8-DHF and its metabolites. Herein, we developed a rapid, sensitive and accurate method using high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectroscopy for the determination of 7, 8-DHF and its metabolites in monkey plasma...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715405/identification-and-pathological-characterization-of-persistent-asymptomatic-ebola-virus-infection-in-rhesus-monkeys
#3
Xiankun Zeng, Candace D Blancett, Keith A Koistinen, Christopher W Schellhase, Jeremy J Bearss, Sheli R Radoshitzky, Shelley P Honnold, Taylor B Chance, Travis K Warren, Jeffrey W Froude, Kathleen A Cashman, John M Dye, Sina Bavari, Gustavo Palacios, Jens H Kuhn, Mei G Sun
Ebola virus (EBOV) persistence in asymptomatic humans and Ebola virus disease (EVD) sequelae have emerged as significant public health concerns since the 2013-2016 EVD outbreak in Western Africa. Until now, studying how EBOV disseminates into and persists in immune-privileged sites was impossible due to the absence of a suitable animal model. Here, we detect persistent EBOV replication coinciding with systematic inflammatory responses in otherwise asymptomatic rhesus monkeys that had survived infection in the absence of or after treatment with candidate medical countermeasures...
July 17, 2017: Nature Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712672/noise-induced-cochlear-synaptopathy-in-rhesus-monkeys-macaca-mulatta
#4
M D Valero, J A Burton, S N Hauser, T A Hackett, R Ramachandran, M C Liberman
Cochlear synaptopathy can result from various insults, including acoustic trauma, aging, ototoxicity, or chronic conductive hearing loss. For example, moderate noise exposure in mice can destroy up to ∼50% of synapses between auditory nerve fibers (ANFs) and inner hair cells (IHCs) without affecting outer hair cells (OHCs) or thresholds, because the synaptopathy occurs first in high-threshold ANFs. However, the fiber loss likely impairs temporal processing and hearing-in-noise, a classic complaint of those with sensorineural hearing loss...
July 8, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710717/a-technological-framework-for-running-and-analyzing-animal-head-turning-experiments
#5
Jinook Oh, Marisa Hoeschele, Stephan A Reber, Vedrana Šlipogor, Thomas Bugnyar, W Tecumseh Fitch
Head turning experiments are widely used to test the cognition of both human infants and non-human animal species. Monitoring head turns allows researchers to non-invasively assess attention to acoustic or visual stimuli. In the majority of head turning experiments, the head direction analyses have been accomplished manually, which is extremely labor intensive and can be affected by subjectivity or other human errors and limitations. In the current study, we introduce an open-source computer program for measuring head directions of freely moving animals including common marmoset monkeys (Callithrix jacchus), American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis), and Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus) to reduce human effort and time in video coding...
July 14, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709682/hemifield-coding-in-ventral-object-sensitive-areas-evidence-from-visual-hemiagnosia
#6
Johannes Rennig, Hans-Otto Karnath, Sonja Cornelsen, Helmut Wilhelm, Marc Himmelbach
Electrophysiological monkey and human neuroimaging studies have reported a lateralization of signal processing in object perception. However, it is unclear whether these results point to a unique topographically organized signal processing in either hemisphere, or if these results represent a rather negligible spatial organization of otherwise redundant object perception systems in both hemispheres. We tested a group of 10 patients with lesions to ventral object processing regions and spared primary visual functions with lateral presentations of different categories of object stimuli...
June 28, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707151/-acceptance-of-medical-apps-and-e%C3%A2-books-among-german-radiologists
#7
S Schleder, L M Dendl, C Niessen, C Stroszczynski, A G Schreyer
PURPOSE: Smartphones, tablet PCs, mobile applications (apps) and electronic book files (e-books) affect our lives in private and job-related settings. The aim of this study was to analyze the behavior of radiologists on smartphones, tablet PCs and e‑books and to investigate its effect on their daily work. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An online survey containing of 23 questions was conducted using Survey Monkey© ( www.surveymonkey.com ). The invitation to the survey was done using the newsletter of the German Radiological Society (DRG)...
July 13, 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706754/smart-release-nano-formulation-of-cytochrome-c-and-hyaluronic-acid-induces-apoptosis-in-cancer-cells
#8
C M Figueroa, B N Suárez, A M Molina, J C Fernández, Z Torres, K Griebenow
Herein we tested a nanosized cancer-cell targeted delivery system based on cytochrome c (Cyt c) and hyaluronic acid. Cyt c was chosen since it is a per se non-toxic protein but causes apoptosis when delivered to the cytoplasm of target cells. Hyaluronic acid was employed to create the nanosized delivery system with passive targeting capability in order to exploit the enhanced permeation and retention (EPR) effect and active targeting capability of hyaluronic acid. In addition, our goal was to incorporate a smart release strategy to only promote protein release upon reaching its target...
February 2017: Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705990/systemic-pan-ampk-activator-mk-8722-improves-glucose-homeostasis-but-induces-cardiac-hypertrophy
#9
Robert W Myers, Hong-Ping Guan, Juliann Ehrhart, Aleksandr Petrov, Srinivasa Prahalada, Effie Tozzo, Xiaodong Yang, Marc M Kurtz, Maria Trujillo, Dinko Gonzalez Trotter, Danqing Feng, Shiyao Xu, George Eiermann, Marie A Holahan, Daniel Rubins, Stacey Conarello, Xiaoda Niu, Sandra C Souza, Corin Miller, Jinqi Liu, Ku Lu, Wen Feng, Ying Li, Ronald E Painter, James A Milligan, Huaibing He, Franklin Liu, Aimie Ogawa, Douglas Wisniewski, Rory J Rohm, Liyang Wang, Michelle Bunzel, Ying Qian, Wei Zhu, Hongwu Wang, Bindu Bennet, Lisa LaFranco Scheuch, Guillermo E Fernandez, Cai Li, Michael Klimas, Gaochao Zhou, Margaret van Heek, Tesfaye Biftu, Ann Weber, David E Kelley, Nancy Thornberry, Mark D Erion, Daniel M Kemp, Iyassu K Sebhat
5'-Adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a master regulator of energy homeostasis in eukaryotes. Despite investigations over three decades, the biological roles of AMPK and its potential as a drug target remain incompletely understood, due largely to the lack of optimized pharmacological tools. We now report MK-8722, a potent, direct, allosteric activator of all twelve mammalian AMPK complexes. In rodents and rhesus monkeys, MK-8722-mediated AMPK activation in skeletal muscle induces robust, durable, insulin-independent glucose uptake and glycogen synthesis, with resultant improvements in glycemia and no evidence of hypoglycemia...
July 13, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705975/draft-genome-sequence-of-plasmodium-gonderi-a-malaria-parasite-of-african-old-world-monkeys
#10
Hajime Honma, Satoru Kawai, Daisuke Motooka, Shota Nakamura, Takahiro Tougan, Toshihiro Horii, Nobuko Arisue
Plasmodium gonderi is a primate parasite whose natural host is the African Old World monkeys. Here, we report the draft genome sequence for P. gonderi The data are useful not only for understanding the evolution of malaria but also for allowing the comparative genomics of malaria parasites.
July 13, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705804/loss-of-nitric-oxide-mediated-inhibition-of-purine-neurotransmitter-release-in-the-colon-in-the-absence-of-interstitial-cells-of-cajal
#11
Leonie Durnin, Andrea Lees, Sheerien Manzoor, Kent C Sasse, Kenton M Sanders, Violeta N Mutafova-Yambolieva
Regulation of colonic motility depends upon the integrity of enteric inhibitory neurotransmission mediated by nitric oxide (NO), purine neurotransmitters, and neuropeptides. Intramuscular interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC-IM) and platelet-derived growth factor receptor α-positive (PDGFRα(+)) cells are involved in generating responses to NO and purine neurotransmitters, respectively. Previous studies have suggested a decreased nitrergic and increased purinergic neurotransmission in Kit(W)/Kit(W-v) (W/W(v) ) mice that display lesions in ICC-IM along the gastrointestinal tract...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704181/the-impact-of-hyperglycemia-on-vegf-secretion-in-retinal-endothelial-cells
#12
Martin Caprnda, Peter Kubatka, Sandeep Saxena, Jela Valaskova, Jana Stefanickova, Nazarii Kobyliak, Anthony Zulli, Peter Kruzliak
BACKGROUND: Diabetic retinopathy is a serious sight-threatening complication which is manifested by excessive angiogenesis in diabetic patients. AIM: We hypothesize that cultured Rhesus monkey retinal endothelial cells (RhRECs) respond to high glucose with a change in cell proliferation and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) secretion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In our study, 20 000 cells per well were treated without glucose or with 5...
June 1, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703877/biochemical-and-hematological-evaluations-of-black-howler-monkeys-alouatta-pigra-in-highly-degraded-landscapes-in-mexico
#13
Luis M García-Feria, Colin A Chapman, Rosalía Pastor-Nieto, Juan Carlos Serio-Silva
BACKGROUND: Loss and fragmentation of Neotropical primates' habitat can alter the health and individual adaptation. Physiological parameters reflect health status and individuals responses to the habitat conditions. METHODS: We captured six wild adult females and six adult males of Alouatta pigra to evaluate their physical condition (body mass, respiratory and heart rate, and rectal temperature), hematology and blood chemistry on fragmentation habitat condition at southeastern Mexico...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701795/terahertz-spectroscopic-diagnosis-of-myelin-deficit-brain-in-mice-and-rhesus-monkey-with-chemometric-techniques
#14
Yi Zou, Jiang Li, Yiyuan Cui, Peiren Tang, Lianghui Du, Tunan Chen, Kun Meng, Qiao Liu, Hua Feng, Jianheng Zhao, Mina Chen, Li-Guo Zhu
While myelin deficit of the central nervous system leads to several severe diseases, the definitive diagnostic means are lacking. We proposed and performed terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) combined with chemometric techniques to discriminate and evaluate the severity of myelin deficit in mouse and rhesus monkey brains. The THz refractive index and absorption coefficient of paraffin-embedded brain tissues from both normal and mutant dysmyelinating mice are shown. Principal component analysis of time-domain THz signal (PCA-tdTHz) and absorption-refractive index relation of THz spectrum identified myelin deficit without exogenous labeling or any pretreatment...
July 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701540/a-novel-paraplegia-model-in-awake-behaving-macaques
#15
Max Ostrinsky Krucoff, Katie Zhuang, David B Macleod, Allen Yin, Yoon Woo Byun, Roberto Jose Manson, Dennis A Turner, Laura Oliveira, Mikhail A Lebedev
Lower limb paralysis from spinal cord injury (SCI) or neurological disease carries a poor prognosis for recovery and remains a large societal burden. Neurophysiological and neuroprosthetic research have the potential to improve quality of life for these patients; however, the lack of an ethical and sustainable non-human primate model for paraplegia hinders their advancement. Therefore, our multi-disciplinary team developed a way to induce temporary paralysis in awake behaving macaques by creating a fully implantable lumbar epidural catheter-subcutaneous port system that enables easy and reliable targeted drug delivery for sensorimotor blockade...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701537/climbing-fibers-predict-movement-kinematics-and-performance-errors
#16
Martha L Streng, Laurentiu S Popa, Timothy J Ebner
Requisite for understanding cerebellar function is a complete characterization of the signals provided by complex spike (CS) discharge of Purkinje cells, the output neurons of the cerebellar cortex. Numerous studies have provided insights into CS function, with the most predominant view being that they are evoked by error events. However, several reports suggest that CSs encode other aspects of movements and do not always respond to errors or unexpected perturbations. Here, we evaluated CS firing during a pseudo-random manual tracking task in the monkey (Macaca mulatta)...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701536/spatially-tuned-normalization-explains-attention-modulation-variance-within-neurons
#17
Amy M Ni, John H R Maunsell
Spatial attention improves perception of attended parts of a scene, a behavioral enhancement accompanied by modulations of neuronal firing rates. These modulations vary in size across neurons in the same brain area. Models of normalization explain much of this variance in attention modulation with differences in tuned normalization across neurons (Lee and Maunsell 2009; Ni et al. 2012). However, recent studies suggest that normalization tuning varies with spatial location both across and within neurons (Ruff et al...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701320/changes-in-microvascular-density-differentiate-metabolic-health-outcomes-in-monkeys-with-prior-radiation-exposure-and-subsequent-skeletal-muscle-ecm-remodeling
#18
Katherine M Fanning, Bianca Pfisterer, Ashley T Davis, Tennille D Presley, Ian M Williams, David H Wasserman, J Mark Cline, Kylie Kavanagh
Radiation exposure accelerates the onset of age-related diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and neoplasia and thus lends insight into in vivo mechanisms common to these disorders. Fibrosis and extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling, which occur with aging, overnutrition, and following irradiation, are both risk factors for type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) development. Our prior work demonstrated that monkeys with whole-body radiation exposure five to nine years prior had an increased incidence of skeletal muscle insulin resistance and T2DM...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700960/relationships-between-affiliative-social-behavior-and-hair-cortisol-concentrations-in-semi-free-ranging-rhesus-monkeys
#19
Lauren J Wooddell, Amanda F Hamel, Ashley M Murphy, Kristen L Byers, Stefano S K Kaburu, Jerrold S Meyer, Stephen J Suomi, Amanda M Dettmer
Sociality is a fundamental aspect of human behavior and health. One benefit of affiliative social relationships is reduced short-term levels of glucocorticoids (GCs), which are indicative of physiological stress. Less is known, however, about chronic GC production in relation to affiliative social behavior. To address this issue, we studied a semi-free ranging troop of rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) and collected hair samples to measure hair cortisol concentrations (HCCs), as a measure of chronic GC production, during routine biannual exams...
June 29, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699823/the-gmz2-malaria-vaccine-from-concept-to-efficacy-in-humans
#20
Michael Theisen, Bright Adu, Benjamin Mordmüller, Subhash Singh
GMZ2 is a recombinant protein consisting of conserved domains of GLURP and MSP3, two asexual blood-stage antigens of Plasmodium falciparum, and is designed with the aim of mimicking naturally acquired anti-malarial immunity. The rationale for combining these two antigens is based on a series of immune epidemiological studies from geographically diverse malaria endemic regions; functional in vitro studies; and pre-clinical studies in rodents and New World monkeys. GMZ2 adjuvanted with alhydrogel® (alum) was well tolerated and immunogenic in three phase 1 studies...
July 12, 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
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