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Calcaneal fractures

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990838/3d-printing-calcaneal-fractures-continuously-improving-our-care-by-making-a-complex-problem-tangible
#1
Tim Schepers, Dominique Misselyn
Calcaneal fractures are amongst the most complex injuries known to man. Their intricate anatomy and extensive damage after trauma make them difficult to understand and treat. Most surgeons specialized in foot and ankle trauma agree that in most patients surgical managements yields the best result. Functional outcome is largely dependent on preventing complications and restoring anatomy. Reconstruction of height and suntalar joint congruency for example are both associated with improved outcome. Over the years insight in the complex (patho-)anatomy has increased...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961549/vertical-ground-reaction-forces-in-patients-after-calcaneal-trauma-surgery
#2
S van Hoeve, J Verbruggen, P Willems, K Meijer, M Poeze
INTRODUCTION: Vertical ground reaction forces (VGRFs) are altered in patients after foot trauma. It is not known if this correlates with ankle kinematics. The aim of this study was to analyze VGRFs in patients after calcaneal trauma and correlate them to patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), radiographic findings and kinematic analysis, using a multi-segment foot model. In addition, we determined the predictive value of VGRFs to identify patients with altered foot kinematics. METHODS: Thirteen patients (13 feet) with displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures, were included an average of two years after trauma surgery...
September 23, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958825/evaluation-of-different-screening-tools-for-predicting-femoral-neck-osteoporosis-in-rural-south-indian-postmenopausal-women
#3
Kripa Elizabeth Cherian, Nitin Kapoor, Sahana Shetty, Dukhabandhu Naik, Nihal Thomas, Thomas V Paul
The measurement of bone mineral density by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan is the "gold standard" for the diagnosis of osteoporosis, which has limited availability in many parts of India. This study was done to assess the diagnostic performance of 6 internationally validated tools (Simple Calculated Osteoporosis Risk Estimation [SCORE], age, bulk, one or never estrogen [ABONE], Osteoporosis Risk Assessment Instrument [ORAI] and Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Asians [OSTA], Fracture Risk Assessment Tool [FRAX®], and calcaneal quantitative ultrasound [QUS]) for the diagnosis of osteoporosis at the femoral neck (FN)...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950107/comparison-between-the-gold-standard-dxa-with-calcaneal-quantitative-ultrasound-based-strategy-qus-to-detect-osteoporosis-in-an-hiv-infected-cohort
#4
Eugenia Quiros Roldan, Nigritella Brianese, Elena Raffetti, Emanuele Focà, Maria Chiara Pezzoli, Andrea Bonito, Alice Ferraresi, Paola Lanza, Teresa Porcelli, Francesco Castelli
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis represents one of the most frequent comorbidity among HIV patients. The current standard method for osteoporosis diagnosis is dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Calcaneal quantitative ultrasound can provide information about bone quality. The aims of this study are to compare these two methods and to evaluate their ability to screen for vertebral fracture. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in HIV patients attending the Clinic of Infectious and Tropical Diseases of Brescia during 2014 and who underwent lumbar/femoral dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, vertebral fracture assessment and calcaneal quantitative ultrasound...
September 23, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936693/effects-of-intra-operative-fluoroscopic-3d-imaging-on-peri-operative-imaging-strategy-in-calcaneal-fracture-surgery
#5
M S H Beerekamp, M Backes, N W L Schep, D T Ubbink, J S Luitse, T Schepers, J C Goslings
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies demonstrated that intra-operative fluoroscopic 3D-imaging (3D-imaging) in calcaneal fracture surgery is promising to prevent revision surgery and save costs. However, these studies limited their focus to corrections performed after 3D-imaging, thereby neglecting corrections after intra-operative fluoroscopic 2D-imaging (2D-imaging). The aim of this study was to assess the effects of additional 3D-imaging on intra-operative corrections, peri-operative imaging used, and patient-relevant outcomes compared to 2D-imaging alone...
September 21, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925760/comparison-of-the-conventional-surgery-and-the-surgery-assisted-by-3d-printing-technology-in-the-treatment-of-calcaneal-fractures
#6
Wenhao Zheng, Zhenyu Tao, Yiting Lou, Zhenhua Feng, Hang Li, Liang Cheng, Hui Zhang, Jianshun Wang, Xiaoshan Guo, Hua Chen
PURPOSE: This study was aimed to compare conventional surgery and surgery assisted by 3D printing technology in the treatment of calcaneal fractures. In addition, we also investigated the effect of 3D printing technology on the communication between doctors and patients. METHODS: we enrolled 75 patients with calcaneal fracture from April 2014 to August 2016. They were divided randomly into two groups: 35 cases of 3D printing group, 40 cases of conventional group...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918661/comparable-postoperative-pain-levels-using-2-different-nerve-blocks-in-the-operative-treatment-of-displaced-intra-articular-calcaneal-fractures
#7
Siem A Dingemans, Kristian J de Ruiter, Merel F N Birnie, J Carel Goslings, Gan van Samkar, Tim Schepers
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the postoperative pain levels in patients undergoing osteosynthesis of the calcaneus with either a popliteal nerve block or an ankle block. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all consecutive patients undergoing operative fixation of a calcaneal fracture via a sinus tarsi approach between August 2012 and April 2017 in a single foot/ankle specialized center was performed. Single-shot popliteal blocks were placed using ultrasound guidance by an anesthesiologist while ankle blocks were placed by a foot/ankle specialized surgeon...
September 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888716/ideal-angle-of-syndesmotic-screw-fixation-a-ct-based-cross-sectional-image-analysis-study
#8
Young Hwan Park, Won Seok Choi, Gi Won Choi, Hak Jun Kim
Without clear reference, the precision of syndesmotic screw placement cannot be guaranteed and malposition of these screws leads to poor results. Therefore, to prevent malpositioning of syndesmotic screws, an improved understanding of the orientation of tibiofibular syndesmosis is essential. We analyzed cross-sectional computed tomography (CT) scans of the foot and ankle to identify precise screw positions for the treatment of syndesmotic injuries. A total of 134 calcaneal fractures with intact tibiofibular syndesmosis were enrolled in this retrospective study...
September 6, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888617/relationships-between-bone-mass-and-dietary-lifestyle-habits-in-japanese-women-at-3-4-months-postpartum
#9
A Hoshino, A Yamada, R Tanabe, S Noda, K Nakaoka, Y Oku, C Katayama, M Haraikawa, H Nakano, M Harada, K Uenishi, M Goseki-Sone
OBJECTIVES: The relationships between calcaneal bone mass and dietary/lifestyle habits in women at 3-4 months postpartum were examined in the context of osteoporosis prevention. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: We measured bone mass using calcaneal ultrasound in mothers who brought their 3- to 4-month-old babies to healthcare centers in Japan for health examination and administered a self-report questionnaire on physical characteristics and dietary/lifestyle habits to those who agreed to participate in the survey...
September 7, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888405/anatomic-locking-plate-for-displaced-intraarticular-calcaneal-fracture-design-and-application
#10
Chia-Hung Chu, Yan-Yu Chen, Kang-Ping Lin, Wen-Chuan Chen, Pei-Yuan Lee
Calcaneal fracture can lead to long-term disability and have a considerable economic effect. Most calcaneal fractures are intraarticular fractures involving the posterior facet of the subtalar joint. Treating displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures is complicated because of the lack of an optimal treatment option. Internal fixation typically involves screw-and-plate implants, which can be unfavorable owing to the lack of an anatomic design and the intraoperative bending required for the plate to contour to the irregular surface of the calcaneus...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883012/fibular-insufficiency-fracture-an-under-reported-complication-of-advanced-tibialis-posterior-dysfunction
#11
Suresh Srinivasan, Harish Kurup
We present a case of fibular insufficiency (stress) fracture in a patient with pre-existing asymptomatic advanced tibialis posterior dysfunction. The patient had severe planovalgus (flat foot) deformity but no pain before the injury; hence had never sought any treatment. She was first treated conservatively for the fracture which failed to control the deformity and had ongoing symptoms. She eventually required tibio-talo-calcaneal fusion. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of this condition in the English literature...
September 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844198/medial-external-fixation-for-staged-treatment-of-closed-calcaneus-fractures-surgical-technique-and-case-series
#12
Michael Githens, Joshua Shatsky, Julie Agel, Richard J Bransford, Stephen K Benirschke
The derangement in calcaneal morphology after a fracture can be significant and is often associated with severe soft tissue envelop problems. Medial calcaneal external fixation is useful for early restoration of calcaneal morphology and the corresponding soft tissue envelop. When performed in a stepwise fashion, external fixation can successfully restore normal calcaneal height, length, width, and coronal plane alignment. For severely displaced joint depression and broken tongue-type calcaneus fractures where open treatment is the preferred strategy, early external fixation restores the normal soft tissue tension, allows a stable environment for soft tissue recovery, and facilitates the definitive operation by restoring and maintaining overall calcaneal architecture...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843716/outcome-following-osteosynthesis-or-primary-arthrodesis-of-calcaneal-fractures-a-cross-sectional-cohort-study
#13
Siem A Dingemans, Sjoerd T Meijer, Manouk Backes, Vincent M de Jong, Jan S K Luitse, Tim Schepers
BACKGROUND: Calcaneal fractures are uncommon and have a substantial impact on hindfoot function and quality of life. Several surgical treatment options are available; both in surgical approach and type of operation. The aim of this study was to compare functional outcome and quality of life following ORIF and primary arthrodesis. Furthermore, predictors of worse functional outcome were explored. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional cohort study was performed in patients with surgical fixation of a calcaneal fracture with a minimum follow-up of 18 months...
August 18, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842087/management-of-intra-articular-calcaneal-fractures-clinical-results-of-reduction-technique-using-a-bone-spreader
#14
Naohide Takeuchi, Takao Mae, Jun-Ichi Fukushi, Nobuaki Tsukamoto, Hideki Mizu-Uchi, Kenta Momii, Yasuharu Nakashima
The purpose of the present study was to examine the clinical results of surgery for intra-articular calcaneal fractures using a calcaneal locking plate and a bone spreader as a reduction tool. Ten patients with intra-articular calcaneal fractures were treated. An extended lateral approach was used. The reduction of the intra-articular fragments of the posterior facet was temporarily held using a bone spreader and Kirschner wires. Internal fixation was achieved with a locking calcaneal plate. Böhler's angle and Preiss' angle were assessed on the day of injury and the day of the final follow-up examination...
September 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826650/evaluation-and-quantification-of-geographical-differences-in-wound-complication-rates-following-the-extended-lateral-approach-in-displaced-intra-articular-calcaneal-fractures-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
M Backes, K E Spierings, S A Dingemans, J C Goslings, R E Buckley, T Schepers
INTRODUCTION: Calcaneal fracture surgery is often performed via the extended lateral approach (ELA). Large differences are reported in literature on wound complication rates. Aim was to perform a systematic review on reported postoperative wound complication (POWC) and postoperative wound infection (POWI) rates following the ELA and evaluate and quantify geographical differences. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases and Cochrane Library...
August 13, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790476/surgical-treatment-of-sanders-type-2-calcaneal-fractures-using-a-sinus-tarsi-approach
#16
Chul Hyun Park, Dong Yeol Lee
BACKGROUND: Calcaneum is the most commonly fractured tarsal bone. The optimal treatment for displaced calcaneus fractures involving the posterior facet is surgical. The extensile lateral approach is commonly preferred because it provides sufficient exposure of the subtalar facet. However, this technique has the risk of complications such as wound necrosis and sural nerve injury. Various minimally invasive approaches, such as sinus tarsi approach, limited posterior approach, and percutaneous approach, have been introduced to reduce possible complications...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768423/biomechanical-comparison-of-conventional-and-optimised-locking-plates-for-the-fixation-of-intraarticular-calcaneal-fractures-a-finite-element-analysis
#17
Hanbin Ouyang, Yuping Deng, Pusheng Xie, Yang Yang, Bingyun Jiang, Canjun Zeng, Wenhua Huang
Intraarticular calcaneal fractures can result in poor prognosis. Although operative fixation can improve the functional outcomes in most cases, surgical complications such as loss of reduction and wound healing problems may increase the risk of reoperation. Hence, this study aimed to design calcaneal locking plate with a lower profile and better biomechanical performance   and to compare the redesigned plate with the traditional calcaneal plate via the finite element method. A Sanders' type II-C intraarticular calcaneal fracture was simulated...
August 3, 2017: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752205/post-operative-radiological-predictors-of-satisfying-outcomes-occurring-after-intra-articular-calcaneal-fractures-a-three-dimensional-ct-quantitative-evaluation
#18
Minfei Qiang, Yanxi Chen, Xiaoyang Jia, Kun Zhang, Haobo Li, Yuchen Jiang, Yijie Zhang
PURPOSE: No functional outcome related to 3-D CT evaluations for calcaneal fractures has been presented. The aims of this study are to analyze the post-operative morphological parameters of calcaneal fractures in 3-D space and to correlate the 3-D morphological parameters with functional outcomes. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2015, 156 patients operatively treated for displaced calcaneal fractures were retrospectively reviewed with an average follow-up time of 32.4 months...
July 27, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748292/systematic-ct-evaluation-of-reduction-and-hardware-positioning-of-surgically-treated-calcaneal-fractures-a-reliability-analysis
#19
R J O de Muinck Keizer, M S H Beerekamp, D T Ubbink, L F M Beenen, T Schepers, J C Goslings
INTRODUCTION: Up to date, there is a lack of reliable protocols that systematically evaluate the quality of reduction and hardware positioning of surgically treated calcaneal fractures. Based on international consensus, we previously introduced a 23-item scoring protocol evaluating the reduction and hardware positioning in these fractures based on postoperative computed tomography. The current study is a reliability analysis of the described scoring protocol. METHODS: Three raters independently and systematically evaluated anonymized postoperative CT scans of 102 surgically treated calcaneal fractures...
July 26, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747337/comparisons-of-external-fixator-combined-with-limited-internal-fixation-and-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-for-sanders-type-2-calcaneal-fractures-finite-element-analysis-and-clinical-outcome
#20
M Pan, L Chai, F Xue, L Ding, G Tang, B Lv
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the biomechanical stability and clinical outcome of external fixator combined with limited internal fixation (EFLIF) and open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) in treating Sanders type 2 calcaneal fractures. METHODS: Two types of fixation systems were selected for finite element analysis and a dual cohort study. Two fixation systems were simulated to fix the fracture in a finite element model. The relative displacement and stress distribution were analysed and compared...
July 2017: Bone & Joint Research
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