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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338824/effects-of-preoperative-isokinetic-eccentric-training-and-whey-protein-isolate-supplement-on-quadriceps-strength-and-knee-function-in-patients-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-rupture
#1
Xiao Yuan Zhang, Hong Shi Huang, Jie Yang, Yuan Yuan Yu, Dong Xia Zhang, Cui Qing Chang
Objective To explore the effect of preoperative isokinetic eccentric training with or not whey protein isolate supplement before operation on lower limb muscle strength and knee function in patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture. Methods A total of 22 male volunteers aged 18-40 years with ACL rupture were recruited in outpatient service. With randomized block design,subjects were randomly assigned to isokinetic eccentric training (IE) group and isokinetic eccentric training with whey protein isolate supplement (IE+WPI) group...
December 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334345/arm-crank-ergometry-improves-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-and-community-mobility-independent-of-body-composition-in-high-motor-complete-spinal-cord-injury
#2
James J Bresnahan, Gary J Farkas, Jody L Clasey, James W Yates, David R Gater
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effect of aerobic exercise using arm crank ergometry (ACE) in high motor complete (ISNCSCI A/B) spinal cord injury (SCI) as primarily related to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and functional mobility and secondarily to body composition and metabolic profiles. DESIGN: Longitudinal interventional study at an academic medical center. METHODS: Ten previously untrained participants (M8/F2, Age 36.7 y ± 10.1, BMI 24...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330572/effects-of-whole-body-vibration-on-muscle-strength-bone-mineral-content-and-density-and-balance-and-body-composition-of-children-and-adolescents-with-down-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
M B Saquetto, F F Pereira, R S Queiroz, C M da Silva, C S Conceição, M Gomes Neto
The aim of this study is to verify the effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) training on the muscle strength of children and adolescents with Down syndrome. We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane, SciELO, Lilacs and PUBMED databases and included manual searches to identify randomised controlled trials to investigate the effects of WBV on the structure and body function of children and adolescents with Down syndrome. Two reviewers independently selected the studies and performed statistical analysis. In total, five studies with 171 patients that compared WBV with exercise and/or control were included...
January 12, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324578/training-volume-not-frequency-indicative-of-maximal-strength-adaptations-to-resistance-training
#4
Ryan J Colquhoun, Christopher M Gai, Danielle Aguilar, Daniel Bove, Jeffrey Dolan, Andres Vargas, Kaylee Couvillion, Nathaniel D M Jenkins, Bill I Campbell
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of a high- versus a moderate-training frequency on maximal strength and body composition. METHODS: 28 young, healthy resistance-trained males were randomly assigned to either: 3x/week (3x; n=16) or 6x/week (6x; n=12). Dependent variables (DVs) assessed at baseline and after the 6-week training intervention included: squat 1RM (SQ1RM), bench press 1RM (BP1RM), deadlift 1RM (DL1RM), powerlifting total (PLT), Wilk's coefficient (WC), fat-free mass (FFM) and fat mass (FM)...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320878/exercise-training-for-improving-outcomes-post-burns-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Orlando Flores, Zephanie Tyack, Kellie Stockton, Robert Ware, Jennifer D Paratz
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of different modalities of exercise and to evaluate the safety of exercise-based interventions post-burns. DATA SOURCES: Six databases were searched from inception to October 2017 using "burn," "exercise" and synonyms as keywords. Relevant authors, key journals and reference lists of included studies were hand-searched. REVIEW METHODS: Articles reporting on exercise interventions in patients post-burn and considering physical, physiological or psychological outcomes were considered...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315169/health-benefits-of-an-innovative-exercise-program-for-mitochondrial-disorders
#6
Carmen Fiuza-Luces, Jorge Díez-Bermejo, Miguel Fernández-de la Torre, Gabriel Rodríguez-Romo, Paz Sanz-Ayán, Aitor Delmiro, Diego Munguía-Izquierdo, Irene Rodríguez-Gómez, Ignacio Ara, Cristina Domínguez-González, Joaquín Arenas, Miguel A Martín, Alejandro Lucia, María Morán
PURPOSE: We determined the effects of an innovative 8-week exercise intervention (aerobic, resistance and inspiratory muscle training) for patients with mitochondrial disease (MD). METHODS: Several endpoints were assessed in 12 patients (19-59 years, 4 female) at pre-training, post-training and after 4-week detraining: aerobic power, muscle strength/power and maximal inspiratory pressure (main endpoints), ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL), body composition, quality of life and blood myokines (secondary endpoints)...
January 8, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315164/effects-of-strength-training-on-postpubertal-adolescent-distance-runners
#7
Richard C Blagrove, Louis P Howe, Emily J Cushion, Adam Spence, Glyn Howatson, Charles R Pedlar, Philip R Hayes
PURPOSE: Strength training activities have consistently been shown to improve running economy (RE) and neuromuscular characteristics, such as force producing ability and maximal speed, in adult distance runners. However the effects on adolescent (<18 years) runners remains elusive. This randomized control trial aimed to examine the effect of strength training on several important physiological and neuromuscular qualities associated with distance running performance. METHODS: Participants (n=25, 13 female, 17...
January 8, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313445/body-composition-metabolism-sleep-psychological-and-eating-patterns-of-overtraining-syndrome-results-of-the-eros-study-eros-profile
#8
Flavio A Cadegiani, Claudio E Kater
Overtraining syndrome (OTS) is caused by an imbalance between training, nutrition and resting, and leads to decreased performance and fatigue; however, the precise underlying triggers of OTS remain unclear. This study investigated the body composition, metabolism, eating, sleeping patterns and mood states among participants with OTS. Selected participants were divided into OTS-affected athletes (OTS, n = 14), healthy athletes (ATL, n = 25), and healthy non-physically active controls (NCS, n = 12). Compared to ATL, OTS showed decreased sleep quality (p = 0...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313359/effects-of-different-aerobic-exercise-programmes-with-nutritional-intervention-in-sedentary-adults-with-overweight-obesity-and-hypertension-exerdiet-hta-study
#9
Ilargi Gorostegi-Anduaga, Pablo Corres, Aitor MartinezAguirre-Betolaza, Javier Pérez-Asenjo, G Rodrigo Aispuru, Simon M Fryer, Sara Maldonado-Martín
Background Both exercise training and diet are recommended to prevent and control hypertension and overweight/obesity. Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of different 16-week aerobic exercise programmes with hypocaloric diet on blood pressure, body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness and pharmacological treatment. Methods Overweight/obese, sedentary participants ( n = 175, aged 54.0 ± 8.2 years) with hypertension were randomly assigned into an attention control group (physical activity recommendations) or one of three supervised exercise groups (2 days/week: high-volume with 45 minutes of moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT), high-volume and high-intensity interval training (HIIT), alternating high and moderate intensities, and low-volume HIIT (20 minutes))...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310617/exercise-training-during-pregnancy-reduces-circulating-insulin-levels-in-overweight-obese-women-postpartum-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-the-etip-trial
#10
Kirsti K Garnæs, Siv Mørkved, Kjell Å Salvesen, Øyvind Salvesen, Trine Moholdt
BACKGROUND: The primary aim was to investigate if supervised exercise training during pregnancy could reduce postpartum weight retention (PPWR) three months after delivery in overweight and obese women. We also measured circulating markers of cardiometabolic health, body composition, blood pressure, and physical activity level. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial in which 91 women with BMI ≥ 28 kg/m2 were allocated 1:1 to an exercise program or a control group...
January 8, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305131/prevalence-and-predictors-of-low-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-among-female-african-american-breast-cancer-survivors
#11
Patricia Sheean, Claudia Arroyo, Jennifer Woo, Linda Schiffer, Melinda Stolley
BACKGROUND: African-American breast cancer survivors commonly demonstrate low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D). Decreased cutaneous conversion, high levels of adiposity, and even breast cancer treatment may influence vitamin D status. Previous investigations have analyzed African-American women in aggregate with other breast cancer survivors and have not comprehensively addressed these influential factors. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of low serum 25(OH)D in an exclusively African-American cohort of female breast cancer survivors with overweight/obesity and to evaluate the role of ultraviolet (UV) light exposure, body composition, and dietary sources of vitamin D on serum 25(OH)D levels...
January 2, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286534/fitness-training-for-cardiorespiratory-conditioning-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
REVIEW
Leanne Hassett, Anne M Moseley, Alison R Harmer
BACKGROUND: Reduced cardiorespiratory fitness (cardiorespiratory deconditioning) is a common consequence of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Fitness training may be implemented to address this impairment. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this updated review was to evaluate whether fitness training improves cardiorespiratory fitness in people who have sustained a TBI. The secondary objectives were to evaluate whether fitness training improves body function and structure (physical and cognitive impairments, psychological responses resulting from the injury), activity limitations and participation restrictions in people who have sustained a TBI as well as to evaluate its safety, acceptance, feasibility and suitability...
December 29, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284075/atraumatic-restorative-treatment-versus-conventional-restorative-treatment-for-managing-dental-caries
#13
REVIEW
Mojtaba Dorri, Maria José Martinez-Zapata, Tanya Walsh, Valeria Cc Marinho, Aubrey Sheiham Deceased, Carlos Zaror
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is a sugar-dependent disease that damages tooth structure and, due to loss of mineral components, may eventually lead to cavitation. Dental caries is the most prevalent disease worldwide and is considered the most important burden of oral health. Conventional treatment methods (drill and fill) involve the use of rotary burs under local anaesthesia. The need for an electricity supply, expensive handpieces and highly trained dental health personnel may limit access to dental treatment, especially in underdeveloped regions...
December 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251659/exercise-in-the-management-of-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis
#14
Elizabeth Wellsandt, Yvonne Golightly
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review focuses on studies published during July 2001 to August 2017 of exercise as an intervention in knee and hip osteoarthritis, including its influence on an array of patient outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies continue to illustrate the efficacy of exercise in treating and managing osteoarthritis, with current literature more focused on the knee compared with the hip joint. Both traditional (e.g. strength, aerobic, flexibility) and more nontraditional (e...
December 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249685/effects-of-beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate-supplementation-on-strength-and-body-composition-in-trained-and-competitive-athletes-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
REVIEW
Javier Sanchez-Martinez, Alejandro Santos-Lozano, Antonio Garcia-Hermoso, Kabir P Sadarangani, Carlos Cristi-Montero
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this meta-analysis was to examine the evidence for the effectiveness of beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate supplementation interventions on modification in strength and body composition in trained and competitive athletes. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic search was performed using three databases: MEDLINE, EBSCO and Web of Science. The analysis was restricted to randomized controlled trials that examined the effect of HMB supplementation interventions on modification in bench and leg press strength, body mass, fat-free mass and fat mass...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249083/effects-of-strength-training-on-the-physiological-determinants-of-middle-and-long-distance-running-performance-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Richard C Blagrove, Glyn Howatson, Philip R Hayes
BACKGROUND: Middle- and long-distance running performance is constrained by several important aerobic and anaerobic parameters. The efficacy of strength training (ST) for distance runners has received considerable attention in the literature. However, to date, the results of these studies have not been fully synthesized in a review on the topic. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to provide a comprehensive critical commentary on the current literature that has examined the effects of ST modalities on the physiological determinants and performance of middle- and long-distance runners, and offer recommendations for best practice...
December 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247498/impact-of-high-intensity-interval-training-and-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-on-resting-and-post-exercise-cardiac-troponin-t-concentration
#17
Jinlei Nie, Haifeng Zhang, Zhaowei Kong, Keith George, Jonathan P Little, Tomas K Tong, Feifei Li, Qingde Shi
We evaluated the influence of 12 weeks high-intensity interval training (HIIT, repeated 4-min cycling at 90% V̇O2max interspersed with 3-min rest, 200-300 KJ/session, 3-4 days wk-1 ) and work-equivalent moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT, continuous cycling at 60% V̇O2max ) on resting cardiac troponin T (cTnT) as well as exercise-induced cTnT appearance. Forty-eight sedentary obese young women were randomly assigned to HIIT, MICT, or a control group. V̇O2max and body composition were measured before and after training...
December 16, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246338/cardiorespiratory-capacity-and-strength-remain-attenuated-in-children-with-severe-burn-injuries-at-over-3-years-postburn
#18
Janos Cambiaso-Daniel, Eric Rivas, Joshua S Carson, Gabriel Hundeshagen, Omar Nunez Lopez, Shauna Q Glover, David N Herndon, Oscar E Suman
OBJECTIVES: To compare physical capacity and body composition between children with burn injuries at approximately 4 years postburn and healthy, fit children. STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective, case-control study, we analyzed the strength, aerobic capacity, and body composition of children with severe burn injuries (n = 40) at discharge, after completion of a 6- to 12-week rehabilitative exercise training program, and at 3-4 years postburn. Values were expressed as a relative percentage of those in age- and sex-matched children for comparison (n = 40 for discharge and postexercise; n = 40 for 3...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244836/energy-compensation-after-sprint-and-high-intensity-interval-training
#19
Matthew M Schubert, Elyse Palumbo, Rebekah F Seay, Katie K Spain, Holly E Clarke
BACKGROUND: Many individuals lose less weight than expected in response to exercise interventions when considering the increased energy expenditure of exercise (ExEE). This is due to energy compensation in response to ExEE, which may include increases in energy intake (EI) and decreases in non-exercise physical activity (NEPA). We examined the degree of energy compensation in healthy young men and women in response to interval training. METHODS: Data were examined from a prior study in which 24 participants (mean age, BMI, & VO2max = 28 yrs, 27...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238244/influence-of-a-thermogenic-dietary-supplement-on-safety-markers-body-composition-energy-expenditure-muscular-performance-and-hormone-concentrations-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-trial
#20
Grant M Tinsley, Stacie Urbina, Jacy Mullins, Jordan Outlaw, Sara Hayward, Matt Stone, Cliffa Foster, Colin Wilborn, Lem Taylor
Dietary supplementation is commonly employed by individuals seeking to improve body composition and exercise performance. The purpose of the present study was to examine the safety and effectiveness of a commercially available dietary supplement designed to promote thermogenesis and fat loss. In a randomized double-blind trial, participants were assigned to consume placebo or a multi-ingredient supplement containing caffeine, green tea extract, l-carnitine, evodiamine and other ingredients that purportedly enhance thermogenesis...
December 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
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