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Auto-regulation training

Yadong Tang, Lu Xie, Lanming Chen
Apoptosis proteins (APs) control normal tissue homeostasis by regulating the balance between cell proliferation and death. The function of APs is strongly related to their subcellular location. To date, computational methods have been reported that reliably identify the subcellular location of APs, however, there is still room for improvement of the prediction accuracy. In this study, we developed a novel method named iAPSL-IF (identification of apoptosis protein subcellular location-integrative features), which is based on integrative features captured from Markov chains, physicochemical property matrices, and position-specific score matrices (PSSMs) of amino acid sequences...
April 13, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Jacob T Rauch, Carlos Ugrinowitsch, Christopher I Barakat, Michael R Alvarez, David L Brummert, Daniel W Aube, Andrew S Barsuhn, Daniel Hayes, Valmor Tricoli, Eduardo O De Souza
The purpose of this investigation was to compare the effects of auto-regulatory exercise selection (AES) vs. fixed exercise selection (FES) on muscular adaptations in strength-trained individuals. Seventeen males (Mean ± SD; age = 24 ± 5.45 years; height = 180.3 ± 7.54cm, lean body mass [LBM] 66.44 ± 6.59kg; squat and bench press 1RM: body mass ratio 1.87, 1.38 respectively) were randomly assigned into either AES or FES. Both groups trained three times a week for 9 weeks. AES self-selected the exercises for each session, whereas FES was required to perform exercises in a fixed order...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
I Marques-Aleixo, E Santos-Alves, J R Torrella, P J Oliveira, J Magalhães, A Ascensão
The cross-tolerance effect of exercise against heart mitochondrial-mediated quality control, remodeling and death-related mechanisms associated with sub-chronic Doxorubicin (DOX) treatment is yet unknown. We therefore analyzed the effects of two distinct chronic exercise models (endurance treadmill training-TM and voluntary free wheel activity-FW) performed during the course of the sub-chronic DOX treatment on mitochondrial susceptibility to permeability transition pore (mPTP), apoptotic and autophagic signaling and mitochondrial dynamics...
February 2018: Cardiovascular Toxicology
Mario Ost, Verena Coleman, Juliane Kasch, Susanne Klaus
Exercise training is well known to improve physical fitness and to combat chronic diseases and aging related disorders. Part of this is thought to be mediated by myokines, muscle derived secretory proteins (mainly cytokines) that elicit auto/paracrine but also endocrine effects on organs such as liver, adipose tissue, and bone. Today, several hundred potential myokines have been identified most of them not exclusive to muscle cells. Strenuous exercise is associated with increased production of free radicals and reactive oxidant species (ROS) as well as endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-stress which at an excessive level can lead to muscle damage and cell death...
September 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
João G Claudino, John B Cronin, Bruno Mezêncio, João P Pinho, Conrado Pereira, Luis Mochizuki, Alberto C Amadio, Julio C Serrão
Claudino, JG, Cronin, JB, Mezêncio, B, Pinho, JP, Pereira, C, Mochizuki, L, Amadio, AC, and Serrão, JC. Autoregulating jump performance to induce functional overreaching. J Strength Cond Res 30(8): 2242-2249, 2016-The purpose of this study was to determine whether autoregulating jump performance using the minimal individual difference (MID) associated with countermovement jump (CMJ) height could be used to regulate and monitor a training phase that elicited functional overreaching and tapering in team sport athletes...
August 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Matthew S Brook, Daniel J Wilkinson, Kenneth Smith, Philip J Atherton
Constituting ∼40% of body mass, skeletal muscle has essential locomotory and metabolic functions. As such, an insight into the control of muscle mass is of great importance for maintaining health and quality-of-life into older age, under conditions of cachectic disease and with rehabilitation. In healthy weight-bearing individuals, muscle mass is maintained by the equilibrium between muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and muscle protein breakdown; when this balance tips in favour of MPS hypertrophy occurs. Despite considerable research into pharmacological/nutraceutical interventions, resistance exercise training (RE-T) remains the most potent stimulator of MPS and hypertrophy (in the majority of individuals)...
September 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
Menno Henselmans, Brad J Schoenfeld
Due to a scarcity of longitudinal trials directly measuring changes in muscle girth, previous recommendations for inter-set rest intervals in resistance training programs designed to stimulate muscular hypertrophy were primarily based on the post-exercise endocrinological response and other mechanisms theoretically related to muscle growth. New research regarding the effects of inter-set rest interval manipulation on resistance training-induced muscular hypertrophy is reviewed here to evaluate current practices and provide directions for future research...
December 2014: Sports Medicine
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