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"Cardiac tissue engineering"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720761/parylene-c-topographic-micropattern-as-a-template-for-patterning-pdms-and-polyacrylamide-hydrogel
#1
Ilaria Sanzari, Mauro Callisti, Antonio De Grazia, Daniel J Evans, Tomas Polcar, Themistoklis Prodromakis
Parylene C is a well-known polymer and it has been mainly employed as a protective layer for implantable electronics. In this paper, we propose a new approach to use Parylene C as a versatile template for patterning soft materials potentially applicable as scaffolds in cardiac tissue engineering (TE). Parylene C substrates were anisotropically patterned through standard lithographic process with hydrophilic channels separating raised hydrophobic strips. Ridges and grooves of the template are 10 µm width and depth ranging from 1 to 17 µm...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699224/melt-electrospinning-writing-of-poly-hydroxymethylglycolide-co-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-based-scaffolds-for-cardiac-tissue-engineering
#2
Miguel Castilho, Dries Feyen, María Flandes-Iparraguirre, Gernot Hochleitner, Jürgen Groll, Pieter A F Doevendans, Tina Vermonden, Keita Ito, Joost P G Sluijter, Jos Malda
Current limitations in cardiac tissue engineering revolve around the inability to fully recapitulate the structural organization and mechanical environment of native cardiac tissue. This study aims at developing organized ultrafine fiber scaffolds with improved biocompatibility and architecture in comparison to the traditional fiber scaffolds obtained by solution electrospinning. This is achieved by combining the additive manufacturing of a hydroxyl-functionalized polyester, (poly(hydroxymethylglycolide-co-ε-caprolactone) (pHMGCL), with melt electrospinning writing (MEW)...
July 12, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683653/optimization-of-human-myocardium-decellularization-method-for-the-construction-of-implantable-patches
#3
Franca Di Meglio, Daria Nurzynska, Veronica Romano, Rita Miraglia, Immacolata Belviso, Anna Maria Sacco, Valeria Barbato, Mariagrazia Di Gennaro, Giuseppina Granato, Ciro Maiello, Stefania Montagnani, Clotilde Castaldo
Cardiac tissue engineering by the mean of synthetic or natural scaffolds combined with stem/progenitor cells is emerging as the response to the unsatisfactory outcome of approaches based solely on the injection of cells. Parenchymal and supporting cells are surrounded, in vivo, by specialized and tissue-specific microenvironment, consisting mainly of extracellular matrix (ECM) and soluble factors incorporated in the ECM. Since the naturally occurring extracellular matrix is the ideal platform for ensuring cell engraftment, survival, proliferation, and differentiation, the acellular native ECM appears by far the most promising and appealing substrate among all biomaterials tested so far...
July 6, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664892/potential-of-propagation-based-synchrotron-x-ray-phase-contrast-computed-tomography-for-cardiac-tissue-engineering
#4
Mohammad Izadifar, Paul Babyn, Dean Chapman, Michael E Kelly, Xiongbiao Chen
Hydrogel-based cardiac tissue engineering offers great promise for myocardial infarction repair. The ability to visualize engineered systems in vivo in animal models is desired to monitor the performance of cardiac constructs. However, due to the low density and weak X-ray attenuation of hydrogels, conventional radiography and micro-computed tomography are unable to visualize the hydrogel cardiac constructs upon their implantation, thus limiting their use in animal systems. This paper presents a study on the optimization of synchrotron X-ray propagation-based phase-contrast imaging computed tomography (PCI-CT) for three-dimensional (3D) visualization and assessment of the hydrogel cardiac patches...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663141/electrospun-conductive-nanofibrous-scaffolds-for-engineering-cardiac-tissue-and-3d-bioactuators
#5
Ling Wang, Yaobin Wu, Tianli Hu, Baolin Guo, Peter X Ma
Mimicking the nanofibrous structure similar to extracellular matrix and conductivity for electrical propagation of native myocardium would be highly beneficial for cardiac tissue engineering and cardiomyocytes-based bioactuators. Herein, we developed conductive nanofibrous sheets with electrical conductivity and nanofibrous structure composed of poly(L-lactic acid) (PLA) blending with polyaniline (PANI) for cardiac tissue engineering and cardiomyocytes-based 3D bioactuators. Incorporating of varying contents of PANI from 0 wt% to 3 wt% into the PLA polymer, the electrospun nanofibrous sheets showed enhanced conductivity while maintaining the same fiber diameter...
June 26, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638487/current-strategies-and-challenges-for-purification-of-cardiomyocytes-derived-from-human-pluripotent-stem-cells
#6
REVIEW
Kiwon Ban, Seongho Bae, Young-Sup Yoon
Cardiomyocytes (CMs) derived from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) are considered a most promising option for cell-based cardiac repair. Hence, various protocols have been developed for differentiating hPSCs into CMs. Despite remarkable improvement in the generation of hPSC-CMs, without purification, these protocols can only generate mixed cell populations including undifferentiated hPSCs or non-CMs, which may elicit adverse outcomes. Therefore, one of the major challenges for clinical use of hPSC-CMs is the development of efficient isolation techniques that allow enrichment of hPSC-CMs...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634611/micro-and-nano-patterned-conductive-graphene-peg-hybrid-scaffolds-for-cardiac-tissue-engineering
#7
Alec S T Smith, Hyok Yoo, Hyunjung Yi, Eun Hyun Ahn, Justin H Lee, Guozheng Shao, Ekaterina Nagornyak, Michael A Laflamme, Charles E Murry, Deok-Ho Kim
A lack of electrical conductivity and structural organization in currently available biomaterial scaffolds limits their utility for generating physiologically representative models of functional cardiac tissue. Here we report on the development of scalable, graphene-functionalized topographies with anisotropic electrical conductivity for engineering the structural and functional phenotypes of macroscopic cardiac tissue constructs. Guided by anisotropic electroconductive and topographic cues, the tissue constructs displayed structural property enhancement in myofibrils and sarcomeres, and exhibited significant increases in the expression of cell-cell coupling and calcium handling proteins, as well as in action potential duration and peak calcium release...
June 29, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629100/biomaterials-and-cells-for-cardiac-tissue-engineering-current-choices
#8
REVIEW
Rusha Chaudhuri, Madhumitha Ramachandran, Pearl Moharil, Megha Harumalani, Amit K Jaiswal
The major purpose of cardiac tissue engineering is to engineer cells on scaffolds and use it as a substitute to infarcted cardiac cells. With an ever-increasing risk of cardiac diseases there is an increasing need to have a stable and sustainable approach to cure such ailments. This review provides a comprehensive update on the cell sources and biomaterials essential for cardiac tissue engineering, ensuring their biocompatibility under a variety of conditions. Cells can be obtained from allogenic or autologous sources...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590127/interwoven-aligned-conductive-nanofiber-yarn-hydrogel-composite-scaffolds-for-engineered-3d-cardiac-anisotropy
#9
Yaobin Wu, Ling Wang, Baolin Guo, Peter X Ma
Mimicking the anisotropic cardiac structure and guiding 3D cellular orientation play a critical role in designing scaffolds for cardiac tissue regeneration. Significant advances have been achieved to control cellular alignment and elongation, but it remains an ongoing challenge for engineering 3D cardiac anisotropy using these approaches. Here, we present a 3D hybrid scaffold based on aligned conductive nanofiber yarns network (NFYs-NET, composition: polycaprolactone, silk fibroin, and carbon nanotubes) within a hydrogel shell for mimicking the native cardiac tissue structure, and further demonstrate their great potential for engineering 3D cardiac anisotropy for cardiac tissue engineering...
June 27, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578271/a-gold-nanoparticle-coated-porcine-cholecyst-derived-bioscaffold-for-cardiac-tissue-engineering
#10
Reshma S Nair, Jimna Mohamed Ameer, Malcolm R Alison, Thapasimuthu V Anilkumar
Extracellular matrices of xenogeneic origin have been extensively used for biomedical applications, despite the possibility of heterogeneity in structure. Surface modification of biologically derived biomaterials using nanoparticles is an emerging strategy for improving topographical homogeneity when employing these scaffolds for sophisticated tissue engineering applications. Recently, as a tissue engineering scaffold, cholecyst derived extracellular matrix (C-ECM) has been shown to have several advantages over extracellular matrices derived from other organs such as jejunum and urinary bladder...
May 26, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578251/cutting-edge-platforms-in-cardiac-tissue-engineering
#11
REVIEW
Sharon Fleischer, Ron Feiner, Tal Dvir
As cardiac disease takes a higher toll with each passing year, the need for new therapies to deal with the scarcity in heart donors becomes ever more pressing. Cardiac tissue engineering holds the promise of creating functional replacement tissues to repair heart tissue damage. In an attempt to bridge the gap between the lab and clinical realization, the field has made major strides. In this review, we will discuss state of the art technologies such as layer-by-layer assembly, bioprinting and bionic tissue engineering, all developed to overcome some of the major hurdles faced in the field...
June 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545275/-application-of-cardiac-tissue-engineering-in-coronary-heart-disease
#12
Y J Lu, Y C Ding
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528953/composite-poly-lactic-acid-chitosan-nanofibrous-scaffolds-for-cardiac-tissue-engineering
#13
Yaowen Liu, Shuyao Wang, Rong Zhang
Fibrous scaffolds with different ratios of poly (lactic acid) (PLA) and chitosan were fabricated by conventional electrospinning. After crosslinking by the glutaraldehyde vapor, the structure, mechanical properties, hydrophilicity, and in-fiber chemical interactions of the scaffolds were investigated. We found that the fiber diameter decreased with the concentration of chitosan, while mechanical properties and hydrophilicity improved. In addition, we found that scaffolds with aligned fibers have higher mechanical strength and biocompatibility than scaffolds with randomly oriented fibers...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509913/optimization-of-a-polydopamine-pd-based-coating-method-and-polydimethylsiloxane-pdms-substrates-for-improved-mouse-embryonic-stem-cell-esc-pluripotency-maintenance-and-cardiac-differentiation
#14
Jiayin Fu, Yon Jin Chuah, Wee Tong Ang, Nan Zheng, Dong-An Wang
Myocardiocyte derived from pluripotent stem cells, such as induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and embryonic stem cells (ESCs), is a promising cell source for cardiac tissue engineering. Combined with microfluidic technologies, a heart-on-a-chip is very likely to be developed and function as a platform for high throughput drug screening. Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) silicone elastomer is a widely-used biomaterial for the investigation of cell-substrate interactions and biochip fabrication. However, the intrinsic PDMS surface hydrophobicity inhibits cell adhesion on the PDMS surface, and PDMS surface modification is required for effective cell adhesion...
May 30, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498093/cardiac-tissue-engineering-from-matrix-design-to-the-engineering-of-bionic-hearts
#15
Sharon Fleischer, Ron Feiner, Tal Dvir
The field of cardiac tissue engineering aims at replacing the scar tissue created after a patient has suffered from a myocardial infarction. Various technologies have been developed toward fabricating a functional engineered tissue that closely resembles that of the native heart. While the field continues to grow and techniques for better tissue fabrication continue to emerge, several hurdles still remain to be overcome. In this review we will focus on several key advances and recent technologies developed in the field, including biomimicking the natural extracellular matrix structure and enhancing the transfer of the electrical signal...
April 2017: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475237/production-of-zebrafish-cardiospheres-and-cardiac-progenitor-cells-in-vitro-and-three-dimensional-culture-of-adult-zebrafish-cardiac-tissue-in-scaffolds
#16
Wendy R Zeng, Siew-Joo Beh, Robert J Bryson-Richardson, Pauline M Doran
The hearts of adult zebrafish (Danio rerio) are capable of complete regeneration in vivo even after major injury, making this species of particular interest for understanding the growth and differentiation processes required for cardiac tissue engineering. To date, little research has been carried out on in vitro culture of adult zebrafish cardiac cells. In this work, progenitor-rich cardiospheres suitable for cardiomyocyte differentiation and myocardial regeneration were produced from adult zebrafish hearts...
September 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456953/extracellular-matrix-from-whole-porcine-heart-decellularization-for-cardiac-tissue-engineering
#17
Matthew J Hodgson, Christopher C Knutson, Nima Momtahan, Alonzo D Cook
Decellularization of whole porcine hearts followed by recellularization with fully differentiated cells made from patient-specific human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) may provide the ultimate solution for patients with heart failure. Decellularization is the process of completely disrupting all cells and removing the cellular components (e.g., antigenic proteins, lipids, DNA) from organic tissue, leaving only the extracellular matrix (ECM). The decellularization of porcine hearts can be accomplished in 24 h and results in 98% DNA removal with only 6 h of detergent exposure...
April 30, 2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450366/engineering-cardiac-muscle-tissue-a-maturating-field-of-research
#18
REVIEW
Florian Weinberger, Ingra Mannhardt, Thomas Eschenhagen
Twenty years after the initial description of a tissue engineered construct, 3-dimensional human cardiac tissues of different kinds are now generated routinely in many laboratories. Advances in stem cell biology and engineering allow for the generation of constructs that come close to recapitulating the complex structure of heart muscle and might, therefore, be amenable to industrial (eg, drug screening) and clinical (eg, cardiac repair) applications. Whether the more physiological structure of 3-dimensional constructs provides a relevant advantage over standard 2-dimensional cell culture has yet to be shown in head-to-head-comparisons...
April 28, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448053/automated-contraction-analysis-of-human-engineered-heart-tissue-for-cardiac-drug-safety-screening
#19
Ingra Mannhardt, Umber Saleem, Anika Benzin, Thomas Schulze, Birgit Klampe, Thomas Eschenhagen, Arne Hansen
Cardiac tissue engineering describes techniques to constitute three dimensional force-generating engineered tissues. For the implementation of these procedures in basic research and preclinical drug development, it is important to develop protocols for automated generation and analysis under standardized conditions. Here, we present a technique to generate engineered heart tissue (EHT) from cardiomyocytes of different species (rat, mouse, human). The technique relies on the assembly of a fibrin-gel containing dissociated cardiomyocytes between elastic polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) posts in a 24-well format...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433936/sustained-viral-gene-delivery-from-a-micro-fibrous-elastomeric-cardiac-patch-to-the-ischemic-rat-heart
#20
Xinzhu Gu, Yasumoto Matsumura, Ying Tang, Souvik Roy, Richard Hoff, Bing Wang, William R Wagner
Biodegradable and elastomeric patches have been applied to the surface of infarcted hearts as temporary mechanical supports to effectively alter adverse left ventricular remodeling processes. In this report, recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV), known for its persistent transgene expression and low pathogenicity, was incorporated into elastomeric polyester urethane urea (PEUU) and polyester ether urethane urea (PEEUU) and processed by electrospinning into two formats (solid fibers and core-sheath fibers) designed to influence the controlled release behavior...
April 14, 2017: Biomaterials
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