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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041034/inhaled-versus-systemic-corticosteroids-for-preventing-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-ventilated-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-neonates
#1
REVIEW
Sachin S Shah, Arne Ohlsson, Henry L Halliday, Vibhuti S Shah
BACKGROUND: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) remains an important cause of mortality and morbidity in preterm infants and inflammation plays a significant role in its pathogenesis. The use of inhaled corticosteroids may modulate the inflammatory process without concomitant high systemic steroid concentrations and less risk of adverse effects. This is an update of a review published in 2012 (Shah 2012). We recently updated the related review on "Inhaled versus systemic corticosteroids for treating bronchopulmonary dysplasia in ventilated very low birth weight preterm neonates"...
October 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040956/antihyperlipidemic-effect-of-pistacia-khinjuk
#2
Faiza Kamal, Muhammad Shahzad, Tanveer Ahmad, Zaheer Ahmed, Rasool Bakhash Tareen, Rabiya Naz, Ali Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Hyperlipidemia is a metabolic disorder that is caused by high levels of triglycerides and cholesterol in blood. Using of plants for the treatment of various ailments is a traditional practice in developing countries. The main objective of the study is to analyse the nutritional composition of Pistacia khinjuk and to assess its anti-hyperlipidemic activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, the ethanolic extract of Pistacia khinjuk leaves was evaluated for antihyperlipidemic activity...
October 14, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040902/primary-ewing-s-sarcoma-of-the-kidney-a-case-report
#3
Faris Alasmari, Hani Albadawe, Sultan Alkhateeb, Fahd Alsufiani, Samirah Ghandurah
This is a 15-year-old female who presented with sudden onset left flank pain associated with nausea and vomiting and a history of weight loss. Radiological investigation revealed a large non-obstructive tumor involving the lower pole of the left kidney which was primarily thought to be a renal cell carcinoma. She underwent left open radical nephrectomy with adrenalectomy. Histopathology of the resected specimen showed features of Ewing's sarcoma of the kidney which was confirmed by cytogenetic analysis. This is a rare disease especially in the pediatric group and in reporting such a rare case we hope it helps in identifying a potential course of the disease and its response to the involved treatment...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040887/physical-status-and-frailty-index-in-nursing-home-residents-results-from-the-incur-study
#4
Maturin Tabue-Teguo, Jean-François Dartigues, Nadine Simo, Callixte Kuate-Tegueu, Bruno Vellas, Matteo Cesari
AIM: The Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) is a widely used instrument for measuring physical performance, consisting of 3 sub-tests: a hierarchical test of balance, a gait speed test, and a chair stand test. Although equally considered in the computation of the SPPB score, each of the components may present a specific and different weight in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to estimate the relationship between SPPB and its component of an age-related deficit accumulation index (the so-called Frailty Index [FI] proposed by Rockwood)...
October 12, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040879/influence-of-sexual-behavior-of-dorper-rams-treated-with-glutamate-and-or-testosterone-on-reproductive-performance-of-anovulatory-ewes
#5
Guadalupe Calderón-Leyva, Cesar A Meza-Herrera, Rafael Martinez-Rodriguez, Oscar Angel-García, Raymundo Rivas-Muñoz, Juan V Delgado-Bermejo, Francisco G Véliz-Deras
The aim of this study was to determine if exogenous administration of glutamate and (or) testosterone to male rams during the season of reproductive arrest is able to re-activate male sexual behavior and, later on, to promote through the male effect, both sexual and reproductive competence of anovulatory nulliparous ewes. Therefore, an experiment was performed under long-day photoperiods (spring; photo-reproductive arrest, 26°N). Dorper rams were randomly divided into four homogeneous experimental groups (n = 5 males each) regarding live weight (LW), body condition score (BCS), scrotal circumference (SC) and odor intensity (OI)...
October 9, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040877/corpus-luteum-dynamics-after-ovulation-induction-with-or-without-previous-exposure-to-progesterone-in-prepubertal-nellore-heifers
#6
Dayane Priscila Vrisman, Natália Marins Bastos, Guilherme Fazan Rossi, Naiara Nantes Rodrigues, Luisa Pucci Bueno Borges, Augusto Ryonosuke Taira, Cláudia Cristina Paro de Paz, Guilherme de Paula Nogueira, Pedro Paulo Maia Teixeira, Fábio Morato Monteiro, Maria Emília Franco Oliveira
The objectives of this study were 1) to monitor corpus luteum (CL) dynamics after two different protocols of ovulation induction in prepubertal Nellore heifers, and 2) to determine differences in luteal function. Fifty-seven heifers (weight 289.61 ± 32.28 kg, BCS 5.66 ± 0.65, age 17.47 ± 0.81 months) were divided into two groups: GP4+GnRH received a progesterone (P4) device of 3rd use for 10 days, followed by the administration of 0.02 mg buserelin acetate (GnRH) 48 h after removal of the device, and GGnRH received only GnRH...
October 13, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040857/synergistic-effects-of-anaerobic-co-digestion-of-whey-manure-and-fish-ensilage
#7
Vivekanand Vivekanand, Daniel Girma Mulat, Vincent G H Eijsink, Svein J Horn
Biogas production potential of the three feedstocks fish ensilage, manure and whey was evaluated using biochemical methane potential (BMP) tests. Since anaerobic digestion of single substrates may be inefficient due to imbalances in the carbon-nitrogen ratio, degree of biodegradability and/or due to lack of nutrients needed by the microbial community, co-digestion of these substrates was also assessed, revealing synergistic effects and a particularly good effect of combining manure with fish ensilage. In this latter case, methane yields were up to 84% higher than the weighted average of the methane yields obtained with the individual substrates...
September 27, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040853/chinese-medicinal-herbal-residues-as-a-bulking-agent-for-food-waste-composting
#8
Ying Zhou, Ammaiyappan Selvam, Jonathan W C Wong
This study aimed to co-compost Chinese medicinal herbal residues (CMHRs) as the bulking agent with food waste (FW) to develop a high value antipathogenic compost. The FW, sawdust (SD) and CMHRs were mixed at three different mixing ratios, 5:5:1, 2:2:1 and 1:1:1 on dry weight basis. Lime at 2.25% was added to the composting mix to buffer the pH during the composting. A control without lime addition was also included. The mixtures were composted in 20-L in-vessel composters for 56 days. A maximum of 67.2% organic decomposition was achieved with 1:1:1 mixing ratio within 8 weeks...
October 5, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040850/biosynthesis-of-tert-butyl-3r-5s-6-chloro-3-5-dihydroxyhexanoate-by-carbonyl-reductase-from-rhodosporidium-toruloides-in-mono-and-biphasic-media
#9
Zhi-Qiang Liu, Lin Wu, Ling Zheng, Wen-Zhong Wang, Xiao-Jian Zhang, Li-Qun Jin, Yu-Guo Zheng
tert-Butyl (3R,5S)-6-chloro-3,5-dihydroxyhexanoate ((3R,5S)-CDHH) is the key intermediate for synthesis of atorvastatin and rosuvastatin. Carbonyl reductase exhibits excellent activity toward tert-butyl (S)-6-chloro-5-hydroxy-3-oxohexanoate ((S)-CHOH) to synthesize (3R,5S)-CDHH. In this study, a whole cell biosynthesis reaction system to produce (3R,5S)-CDHH was constructed in organic solvents. A solution of 10% (v/v) Tween-80 was introduced to the reaction system as a co-solvent, which greatly enhanced biotransformation process, giving 98...
October 5, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040837/grape-intake-reduces-thrombin-generation-and-enhances-plasma-fibrinolysis-potential-role-of-circulating-procoagulant-microparticles
#10
Concetta T Ammollo, Fabrizio Semeraro, Rosa Anna Milella, Donato Antonacci, Nicola Semeraro, Mario Colucci
Phytochemicals contained in grapes down-regulate several prothrombotic pathways in vitro. We evaluated the effect of grape consumption on coagulation and fibrinolysis in healthy volunteers. Thirty subjects were enrolled: 20 were given grape (5 g/kg body weight/day for 3 weeks), while 10 served as controls. Blood samples were taken at baseline (T0), at the end of the grape diet (T1) and after 4-week wash-out (T2). Grape intake caused a significant decrease of the procoagulant and inflammatory responses of whole blood and/or mononuclear cells to bacterial lipopolysaccharide at both T1 and T2...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040821/dietary-intake-and-omega-3-dha-status-in-pregnant-women-who-are-overweight
#11
Adriana V Gaitán, Merritt L Drewery, Carly A Thaxton, Kennet M Carabante, Ericka Seidemann, Karen Elkind-Hirsch, Carol J Lammi-Keefe
OBJECTIVE: To estimate dietary intake of pregnant women who are overweight, assess their omega-3 docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) status, and compare results between Black and White women. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with a longitudinal component (dietary assessment). SETTING: Outpatient clinics at Woman's Hospital, Baton Rouge, Louisiana and telephone calls. PARTICIPANTS: Pregnant women (N = 21) who were overweight (body mass index = 25...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040820/systematic-review-of-the-effect-of-enteral-feeding-on-gut-microbiota-in-preterm-infants
#12
Wanli Xu, Michelle Judge, Kendra Maas, Naveed Hussain, Jacqueline M McGrath, Wendy A Henderson, Xiaomei Cong
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of feeding type on microbial patterns among preterm infants and to identify feeding factors that promote the colonization of beneficial bacteria. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Scopus, and the Cummulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature were thoroughly searched for articles published between January 2000 and January 2017, using the keywords gut microbiome, gut microbiota, enteral microbiome, enteral microbiota, premature infant, preterm infant, extremely low birth weight infant, ELBW infant, very low birth weight infant, feeding, breast milk, breastfeeding, formula, prebiotic, probiotic, and long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040817/potential-for-mcl-pha-production-from-nonanoic-and-azelaic-acids
#13
James Gillis, Kenton Ko, Juliana A Ramsay, Bruce A Ramsay
Greater than 65 % of canola and high oleic soy oil fatty acids is oleic acid, which is readily converted to nonanoic (NA) and azelaic (AzA) acids by ozonolysis. NA is an excellent substrate for medium-chain-length polyhydroxyalkanoate (mcl-PHA) production but AzA has few uses. Pseudomonas citronellolis DSM 50332 and Pseudomonas fluorescens ATCC 17400, both able to produce mcl-PHA from fatty acids and able to grow on AzA as the sole source of carbon and energy were assessed for the accumulation of mcl-PHA from AzA and NA...
October 17, 2017: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040789/a-review-of-natural-radionuclides-in-canadian-drinking-water-1975-16
#14
Jing Chen, Michael W Cooke, Jean-Francois Mercier
Historical results of natural radioactivity in drinking water were reviewed for a total of 21 communities across Canada from 1975 to 2016. Analyses for 226Ra, 210Pb and total uranium were carried out on monthly composite samples of drinking water from selected Canadian municipalities. Generally speaking, levels of 226Ra, 210Pb and total uranium were found to be low compared to national and international standards for drinking water quality. Because levels were low, federal monitoring programs were discontinued in most communities in 1986 except for Regina, Elliot Lake and Port Hope...
October 13, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040716/dietary-carbohydrates-components-of-energy-balance-and-associated-health-outcomes
#15
Harry A Smith, Javier T Gonzalez, Dylan Thompson, James A Betts
The role of dietary carbohydrates in the development of obesity and associated metabolic dysfunction has recently been questioned. Within the last decade, the Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition carried out a comprehensive evaluation of the role of dietary carbohydrates in human health. The current review aims to complement and extend this report by providing specific consideration of the effects of the component parts of energy balance, their interactions, and their culmination on energy storage and health...
October 5, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040700/radiation-induced-changes-after-stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-brain-arteriovenous-malformations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Adeel Ilyas, Ching-Jen Chen, Dale Ding, Thomas J Buell, Daniel M S Raper, Cheng-Chia Lee, Zhiyuan Xu, Jason P Sheehan
BACKGROUND: Radiation-induced changes (RICs) are the most common complication of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), and they appear as perinidal T2-weighted hyperintensities on magnetic resonance imaging, with or without associated neurological symptoms. OBJECTIVE: To determine the rates of RIC after AVM SRS and identify risk factors. METHODS: A literature review was performed using PubMed and MEDLINE to identify studies reporting RIC in AVM patients treated with SRS...
October 13, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040692/rmbase-v2-0-deciphering-the-map-of-rna-modifications-from-epitranscriptome-sequencing-data
#17
Jia-Jia Xuan, Wen-Ju Sun, Peng-Hui Lin, Ke-Ren Zhou, Shun Liu, Ling-Ling Zheng, Liang-Hu Qu, Jian-Hua Yang
More than 100 distinct chemical modifications to RNA have been characterized so far. However, the prevalence, mechanisms and functions of various RNA modifications remain largely unknown. To provide transcriptome-wide landscapes of RNA modifications, we developed the RMBase v2.0 (http://rna.sysu.edu.cn/rmbase/), which is a comprehensive database that integrates epitranscriptome sequencing data for the exploration of post-transcriptional modifications of RNAs and their relationships with miRNA binding events, disease-related single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and RNA-binding proteins (RBPs)...
October 10, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040680/variable-levels-of-resistance-of-soybean-genotypes-on-the-performance-of-euschistus-heros-hemiptera-pentatomidae
#18
Efrain S Souza, Vinícius F Canassa, José P F Bentivenha, Edson L L Baldin, Caroline G Pierozzi, André L Lourenção, Luiz E R Pannuti
The Neotropical brown stink bug Euschistus heros (Fabr.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) is one of the major soybean pests in South America. This species is responsible for high levels of infestation, causes critical damage to seeds, it is associated with leaf retention on plants, and it is extremely difficult to manage. Host plant resistance is a notable technique to assist in reducing the stink bug population in soybean crops. The antibiosis resistance of soybean genotypes to E. heros was evaluated in laboratory...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040620/fitness-of-mass-reared-males-of-anastrepha-obliqua-diptera-tephritidae-resulting-from-mating-competition-tests-in-field-cages
#19
Emilio Hernández, Pablo Liedo, Jorge Toledo, Pablo Montoya, Hugo Perales, Lorena Ruiz-Montoya
The sterile insect technique uses males that have been mass-reared in a controlled environment. The insects, once released in the field, must compete to mate. However, the mass-rearing condition supposes a loss of fitness that will be noticeable by wild females. To compare the fitness of wild males and mass-reared males, three competition settings were established. In setting 1, wild males, mass-reared males and wild females were released in field cages. In setting 2, wild females and wild males were released without competition, and in setting 3, mass-reared males and mass-reared females were also released without competition...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040611/association-between-pre-pregnancy-overweight-and-obesity-and-children-s-neurocognitive-development-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#20
Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Ivan Cavero-Redondo, Lidia Lucas-de la Cruz, Blanca Notario-Pacheco, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno
Background: Obesity and overweight during pregnancy have been negatively associated with fetal and offspring neurodevelopment. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the effect of the relationship between pre-pregnancy overweight and obesity with children's neurocognitive development. Methods: We systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and the Web of Science databases from their inception through February 2017 for follow-up studies comparing the relationship between pre-pregnancy weight status and children's cognition...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
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