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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692039/-habitat-suitability-index-of-larval-japanese-halfbeak-hyporhamphus-sajori-in-bohai-sea-based-on-geographically-weighted-regression
#1
Yang Zhao, Xue Qing Zhang, Xiao Dong Bian
To investigate the early supplementary processes of fishre sources in the Bohai Sea, the geographically weighted regression (GWR) was introduced to the habitat suitability index (HSI) model. The Bohai Sea larval Japanese Halfbeak HSIGWR model was established with four environmental variables, including sea surface temperature (SST), sea surface salinity (SSS), water depth (DEP), and chlorophyll a concentration (Chl a). Results of the simulation showed that the four variables had different performances in August 2015...
January 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691992/breastfeeding-and-growth-during-infancy-among-offspring-of-mothers-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
E P Gunderson, L C Greenspan, M S Faith, S R Hurston, C P Quesenberry
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding (BF) may protect against obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus in children exposed to maternal diabetes in utero, but its effects on infant growth among this high-risk group have rarely been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate BF intensity and duration in relation to infant growth from birth through 12 months among offspring of mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: Prospective cohort of 464 GDM mother-infant dyads (28% White, 36% Hispanic, 26% Asian, 8% Black, 2% other)...
April 24, 2018: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691947/using-bivariate-latent-basis-growth-curve-analysis-to-better-understand-treatment-outcome-in-youth-with-anorexia-nervosa
#3
Catherine E Byrne, Joseph A Wonderlich, Timothy Curby, Sarah Fischer, James Lock, Daniel Le Grange
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the relation between eating-related obsessionality and weight restoration utilizing bivariate latent basis growth curve modelling. Eating-related obsessionality is a moderator of treatment outcome for adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN). This study examined the degree to which the rate of change in eating-related obsessionality was associated with the rate of change in weight over time in family-based treatment (FBT) and individual therapy for AN. METHOD: Data were drawn from a 2-site randomized controlled trial that compared FBT and adolescent focused therapy for AN...
April 25, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691880/early-postnatal-growth-and-neurodevelopment-in-children-born-moderately-preterm-or-small-for-gestational-age-at-term-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Marion Taine, Marie-Aline Charles, Jacques Beltrand, Jean Christophe Rozé, Juliane Léger, Jérémie Botton, Barbara Heude
BACKGROUND: Clinicians' interest in the long-term effects of early postnatal growth (EPG) is growing. There is compelling evidence linking rapid EPG with later cardiovascular risk, but its neurodevelopmental benefits still remain hypothetical in individuals born moderately preterm (MP) or small for gestational at term (SGAT). METHODS: The objective was to perform a systematic review of the relationship between EPG before age 3 years and neurodevelopmental outcome for individuals born MP (32-36 weeks' gestational age) or SGAT...
April 25, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691850/tissue-distribution-shedding-and-environmental-detection-of-infectious-bursal-disease-virus-genome-following-infection-of-meat-chickens-at-two-ages
#5
Jmkgk Jayasundara, S W Walkden-Brown, Afmf Islam, M E Katz, K G Renz
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) infection of commercial meat chickens at 0 and 16 days old (d.o.) and determine if IBDV vRNA is quantifiable in litter and dust samples. METHODS: Ross meat chickens (n = 60) were orally infected or not with IBDV at 0 or 16 d.o. Blood and faecal samples were collected longitudinally to 28 days post infection (dpi) from six chickens and tissues collected weekly from three euthanased chickens...
May 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691792/effect-of-enzymatic-digestion-of-protein-derivatives-obtained-from-mucuna-pruriens-l-on-production-of-proinflammatory-mediators-by-balb-c-mouse-macrophages
#6
Edwin E Martínez Leo, Victor E Arana Argáez, Juan J Acevedo Fernández, Rosa Moo Puc, Maira R Segura Campos
Inflammation is considered to be a major risk factor for the pathogenesis of chronic non-communicable diseases. Macrophages are important immune cells, which regulate inflammation and host defense by secretion of proinflammatory mediators. Obtaining biopeptides by enzymatic hydrolysis adds value to proteins of vegetative origin, such as Mucuna pruriens L. The present study evaluated the effect of enzymatic digestion of protein derivatives obtained from M. pruriens L. on the production of proinflammatory mediators by BALB/c mouse macrophages...
April 25, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691790/operation-change-a-new-paradigm-addressing-behavior-change-and-musculoskeletal-health-disparities
#7
Lynne C Jones, Yashika Watkins, Duanny Alva
BACKGROUND: In this study, we examined the implementation and efficacy of Operation Change, a community-based, culturally sensitive program to stimulate behavioral changes in activity level and improve musculoskeletal health in African-American (AA) and Hispanic/Latina (H/L) women with obesity and early-stage osteoarthritis. METHODS: Sixty-two women (32 AA and 30 H/L), 40-75 years old, with nontraumatic knee pain and body mass index values > 30, participated in a 12-week program of presentations, motivational interviewing, goal setting, and physical activities...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691766/characterization-of-the-hemodynamic-wall-shear-stresses-in-human-umbilical-vessels-from-normal-and-intrauterine-growth-restricted-pregnancies
#8
Shier Nee Saw, Yu Wei Poh, Dawn Chia, Arijit Biswas, Citra Nurfarah Zaini Mattar, Choon Hwai Yap
Significant reductions in blood flow and umbilical diameters were reported in pregnancies affected by intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) from placental insufficiency. However, it is not known if IUGR umbilical blood vessels experience different hemodynamic wall shear stresses (WSS) compared to normal umbilical vessels. As WSS is known to influence vasoactivity and vascular growth and remodeling, which can regulate flow rates, it is important to study this parameter. In this study, we aim to characterize umbilical vascular WSS environment in normal and IUGR pregnancies, and evaluate correlation between WSS and vascular diameter, and gestational age...
April 24, 2018: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691732/impact-of-the-cyp3a5-1-allele-on-the-pharmacokinetics-of-tacrolimus-in-japanese-heart-transplant-patients
#9
Takaya Uno, Kyoichi Wada, Sachi Matsuda, Yuka Terada, Akira Oita, Atsushi Kawase, Mitsutaka Takada
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Tacrolimus, a major immunosuppressant used after transplantation, is associated with large interindividual variation involving genetic polymorphisms in metabolic processes. A common variant of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A5 gene, CYP3A5*3, affects blood concentrations of tacrolimus. However, tacrolimus pharmacokinetics at the early stage of transplantation have not been adequately studied in heart transplantation. We retrospectively examined the impact of the CYP3A5 genotype on tacrolimus pharmacokinetics at the early stage of heart transplantation...
April 24, 2018: European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691712/gc-formula-see-text-nmf-a-novel-matrix-factorization-framework-for-gene-phenotype-association-prediction
#10
Yaogong Zhang, Jiahui Liu, Xiaohu Liu, Yuxiang Hong, Xin Fan, Yalou Huang, Yuan Wang, Maoqiang Xie
Gene-phenotype association prediction can be applied to reveal the inherited basis of human diseases and facilitate drug development. Gene-phenotype associations are related to complex biological processes and influenced by various factors, such as relationship between phenotypes and that among genes. While due to sparseness of curated gene-phenotype associations and lack of integrated analysis of the joint effect of multiple factors, existing applications are limited to prediction accuracy and potential gene-phenotype association detection...
April 24, 2018: Interdisciplinary Sciences, Computational Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691664/characterization-of-the-pegylated-functional-upstream-domain-peptide-peg-fud-a-potent-fibronectin-assembly-inhibitor-with-potential-as-an-anti-fibrotic-therapeutic
#11
Pawel Zbyszynski, Bianca R Tomasini-Johansson, Donna M Peters, Glen S Kwon
PURPOSE: To develop PEGylated variants of pUR4/FUD (FUD), a fibronectin assembly inhibitor, using 10 kDa, 20 kDa, and 40 kDa PEGs to evaluate their binding affinity and inhibitory potency. METHODS: The FUD peptide was recombinantly expressed, purified, and PEGylated at the N-terminus using 10 kDa, 20 kDa, and 40 kDa methoxy-PEG aldehyde. The PEGylates were purified and fractionated using ion-exchange chromatography. The molecular weight and degree of PEGylation of each conjugate was verified using MALDI-TOF...
April 24, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691636/genome-wide-association-for-testis-weight-in-the-diversity-outbred-mouse-population
#12
Joshua T Yuan, Daniel M Gatti, Vivek M Philip, Steven Kasparek, Andrew M Kreuzman, Benjamin Mansky, Kayvon Sharif, Dominik Taterra, Walter M Taylor, Mary Thomas, Jeremy O Ward, Andrew Holmes, Elissa J Chesler, Clarissa C Parker
Testis weight is a genetically mediated trait associated with reproductive efficiency across numerous species. We sought to evaluate the genetically diverse, highly recombinant Diversity Outbred (DO) mouse population as a tool to identify and map quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with testis weight. Testis weights were recorded for 502 male DO mice and the mice were genotyped on the GIGAMuga array at ~ 143,000 SNPs. We performed a genome-wide association analysis and identified one significant and two suggestive QTLs associated with testis weight...
April 24, 2018: Mammalian Genome: Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691635/clinical-impact-of-preoperative-liver-mri-in-the-evaluation-of-synchronous-liver-metastasis-of-colon-cancer
#13
Cherry Kim, So Yeon Kim, Min-Ju Kim, Yong Sik Yoon, Chan Wook Kim, Jae Hoon Lee, Kyu-Pyo Kim, Seung Soo Lee, Seong Ho Park, Moon-Gyu Lee
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether additional MRI including gadoxetic acid enhancement is associated with survival rate (SR) in patients with synchronous liver metastasis of colon cancer (sCLM), compared with patients assessed only with CT. METHODS: Fifty-two patients underwent only CT (CT group) and 65 underwent additional MRI (CT+MRI group) for preoperative work-up of sCLM. In the CT+MRI group, the discrepancy between CT and MRI was analyzed. The 5-year SR was compared between the groups, and affecting factors were investigated...
April 24, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691633/emdunifrac-exact-linear-time-computation-of-the-unifrac-metric-and-identification-of-differentially-abundant-organisms
#14
Jason McClelland, David Koslicki
Both the weighted and unweighted UniFrac distances have been very successfully employed to assess if two communities differ, but do not give any information about how two communities differ. We take advantage of recent observations that the UniFrac metric is equivalent to the so-called earth mover's distance (also known as the Kantorovich-Rubinstein metric) to develop an algorithm that not only computes the UniFrac distance in linear time and space, but also simultaneously finds which operational taxonomic units are responsible for the observed differences between samples...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691628/performance-of-the-mixed-led-light-quality-on-the-growth-and-energy-efficiency-of-arthrospira-platensis
#15
Ruixin Mao, Shuangsheng Guo
The effect of mixed light quality with red, blue, and green LED lamps on the growth of Arthrospira platensis was studied, so as to lay the theoretical and technical basis for establishing a photo-bioreactor lighting system for application in space. Meanwhile, indexes, like morphology, growth rate, photosynthetic pigment compositions, energy efficiency, and main nutritional components, were measured respectively. The results showed that the blue light combined with red light could decrease the tightness of filament, and the effect of green light was opposite...
April 24, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691620/laparoscopic-proximal-gastrectomy-maintains-body-weight-and-skeletal-muscle-better-than-total-gastrectomy
#16
Masahiko Sugiyama, Eiji Oki, Koji Ando, Yuichiro Nakashima, Hiroshi Saeki, Yoshihiko Maehara
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy (LPG) is performed as a function-preserving surgery for patients with early proximal gastric malignant tumors; however, whether LPG has advantages postoperatively compared with laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) is debatable, especially with regard to nutritional outcomes. METHODS: We evaluated 20 patients who underwent LTG and 10 patients who underwent LPG with double tract reconstruction (LPG-DT) who were diagnosed preoperatively with T1a or T1b N0 Stage IA gastric cancer in our department in the same time period...
April 24, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691582/-ace2-agonist-dize-alleviates-lung-injury-induced-by-limb-ischemia-reperfusion-in-mice
#17
Shu-Min Li, Xiao-Ying Wang, Fan Liu, Xiu-Hong Yang
This study was aimed to explore the effect of angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) agonist diminazene aceturate (DIZE) on acute lung injury (ALI) induced by limb ischemia-reperfusion (LIR) in mice. Male 8-week-old wild-type and hACE2 transgenic ICR mice were randomly divided into 6 groups (6 in each group), including wild-type control (W), wild-type model (WL), wild-type model with DIZE administration (WLD), transgenic control (T), transgenic model (TL), and transgenic model with DIZE administration (TLD) groups...
April 25, 2018: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691561/-evaluation-of-nutrition-risk-and-analysis-of-relative-factors-of-patients-with-oral-and-maxillofacial-cancer
#18
Ying Liu, Wu-Long Jin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the potential nutrition risk and analyze relative factors in patients with oral and maxillofacial cancer, and explore the treatment method of nutrition risk. METHODS: Eighty eight patients with oral and maxillofacial cancer were included in the present study. Their age, height, weight, clinical classification, level of hemoglobin、albumin and prealbumin,present treatment were recorded and patients' body weight index (BMI) was calculated and scored based on a table of nutrition risk evaluation...
December 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691489/the-relationship-between-yogurt-consumption-body-weight-and-metabolic-profiles-in-youth-with-a-familial-predisposition-to-obesity
#19
Shirin Panahi, Annette Gallant, Angelo Tremblay, Louis Pérusse, Jean-Pierre Després, Vicky Drapeau
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study examined the relationship between yogurt consumption, family history of obesity (FHO), and health determinants. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Youth (n = 198; mean age: 20 ± 0.5 years) from the Québec Family Study were first classified based on their FHO, defined as the presence or absence of at least one obese (BMI ≥30 kg/m2 ) parent [with FHO (FHO+; n = 112) or without FHO (FHO-; n = 86)] and then on their yogurt consumption [yogurt consumers (YC+) n = 61 or non-consumers (YC-) n = 137]...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691488/eating-away-from-home-a-risk-factor-for-overweight-in-children
#20
Aristides M Machado-Rodrigues, Augusta Gama, Isabel Mourão, Helena Nogueira, Vítor Rosado-Marques, Cristina Padez
The present study examined the association between childhood overweight, children's meals and eating out in three types of restaurants (traditional Portuguese food restaurant, fast-food restaurant and snack bar). A representative sample of Portuguese children (5706 boys; 5950 girls aged 6-11 years) was used for this analysis and an ethnographic study with 233 interviews of the owners of snack bars in Coimbra (Portugal). Weight and height were measured (body mass index was consequently calculated). A familial and nutritional questionnaire was filled out by parents...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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