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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446016/biodegradation-and-biocompatibility-of-poly-l-lactic-acid-implantable-mesh
#1
Sang-Don Yoon, Young-Sam Kwon, Kyu-Sung Lee
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the biodegradation and biocompatibility of poly L-lactic acid (PLLA) implantable mesh under in vitro and in vivo conditions. METHODS: PLLA mesh was examined for changes in weight and tensile strength. The histology of the tissue around the PLLA implant was also evaluated. RESULTS: The weight and tensile strength of the PLLA prosthesis was stable for 180 days. In addition, the surface of the PLLA mesh was not digested under in vitro or in vivo conditions as determined by scanning electron microscope...
April 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446002/effects-of-fungal-lentinussajor-caju-treated-oil-palm-frond-on-performance-and-carcass-characteristics-in-finishing-goats
#2
Pin Chanjula, Vasun Petcharat, Anusorn Cherdthong
OBJECTIVE: This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of fungal treated oil palm fronds (FTOPF) on performance, carcass traits, meat quality, and muscle chemical composition. METHODS: Eighteen growing crossbred male goats (Thai Native×Anglo Nubian) with 18.7±2.0 kg of initial body weight (BW) were stratified and blocked by BW in a randomized complete block design. Three diets containing 30% of oil palm fronds (OPF) either untreated (UOPF) or treated with Lentinussajor-caju (FTOPF) with or without urea (FTOPFU) were used as roughage sources in total mixed rations (TMRs)...
June 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445983/transport-stress-induces-weight-loss-and-heart-injury-in-chicks-disruption-of-ionic-homeostasis-via-modulating-ion-transporting-atpases
#3
Zhao-Yang Li, Jia Lin, Feng Sun, Hui Li, Jun Xia, Xue-Nan Li, Jing Ge, Cong Zhang, Jin-Long Li
Transportation is inevitable in the poultry industry, and it can induce stress to chicks in varying degrees, such as mild discomfort, sometimes even death. However, the research about the effects of transport stress on the weight loss and heart injury of chicks is lacking. To elucidate the underlying mechanism of transport stress-induced effects, chicks were transported for 2h, 4h and 8h. The creatinine kinase (CK) activities, the ionic contents, the ATPases activities and the transcription of the ATPase associated subunits in chick heart were detected...
April 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445905/prenatal-diagnosis-of-galen-vein-aneurysm-using-ultrasonography-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-perinatal-and-long-term-neurological-outcomes-a-case-series
#4
Pedro Pires, Larisse de Brito Aurélio Martins, Norma Maria Tenório Brito Pires, Heron Werner, Adilson Cunha Ferreira, Edward Araujo Júnior
Objective To describe the prenatal diagnosis of Galen vein aneurysm (GVA) based on ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a series of cases, as well as its postnatal outcomes and follow-up until 4 years of age. Methods A retrospective longitudinal study was performed, analyzing a database comprising seven cases of prenatal diagnosis of GVA at two Brazilian institutions from February of 2000 to May of 2012. The following data were evaluated: gestational age at diagnosis, GVA dimensions on ultrasonography, associated fetal changes, findings on fetal echocardiography, gestational age at delivery, type of delivery, birth weight, Apgar score at the 1st and 5th minutes, neonatal outcomes, and survival with follow-up until 4 years of age...
April 26, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445904/-are-there-sex-differences-regarding-ski-length-to-height-ratio-ski-length-to-weight-ratio-sidecut-radius-and-ski-boot-sole-abrasion-among-acl-injured-male-and-female-skiers
#5
Markus Posch, Gerhard Ruedl, Katja Tecklenburg, Kenneth Helle, Alois Schranz, Martin Burtscher
Introduction Female skiers suffer from knee injuries twice as much as male skiers, and the risk of an injury to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is three times greater among females compared to males. The sex-specific ACL injury risk depends on internal (e. g. age, skiing skills, fitness level) and external (e. g. slope and weather conditions, ski equipment) factors. However, it is not clear whether male and female recreational skiers with an ACL injury differ regarding the sidecut radius and ski boot sole abrasion...
April 26, 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445896/total-serum-antioxidant-capacity-in-healthy-normal-weight-and-asymptomatic-overweight-adults
#6
Ana Petelin, Paola Tedeschi, Annalisa Maietti, Mihaela Jurdana, Vincenzo Brandolini, Zala Jenko Pražnikar
Obesity and overweight are major contributors to the burden of chronic disease. Both are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation and by increased production of free radicals leading to oxidative stress. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether overweight and fat accumulation is associated with serum total antioxidant capacity (TAC) in men and women, irrespective of nutritional habits, nutrient intakes, physical activity, smoking, and other confounders, which may be responsible for modifying the association between serum TAC and overweight/obesity measures...
April 26, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445894/radiologic-differences-between-human-papillomavirus-related-and-human-papillomavirus-unrelated-oropharyngeal-carcinoma-on-diffusion-weighted-imaging
#7
Sarah Deschuymer, Sandra Nuyts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445887/use-of-phosphorus-binders-among-non-dialysis-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-and-mortality-outcomes
#8
Simran K Bhandari, In-Lu A Liu, Dean A Kujubu, Trung Huynh, Hind Behayaa, Csaba P Kovesdy, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Steven J Jacobsen, John J Sim
BACKGROUND: Whether the benefits of phosphorus binders extend to those without end stage renal disease is uncertain. Among a large diverse non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) population with hyperphosphatemia, we sought to evaluate phosphorus binder use and compare mortality risk between patients prescribed and not prescribed binders. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study within an integrated health system (January 1, 1998 - December 31, 2012) among CKD patients (age ≥18) was performed...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445875/double-incision-approach-and-early-rehabilitation-in-a-complicated-bicondylar-br-tibial-plateau-fracture-a-case-report-br-br
#9
Saverio Affatato, Maurizio Montalti, Claudio Masetti, Federico Giardina, Alessandra Sudanese
OBJECTIVE: The main goal of this case was to report the treatment of bicondylar fractures of the tibial plateau and the restoration of the metaphyseo-diaphyseal dissociation. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: A 54-year old man who was cycling had a road accident that caused a closed fracture of the right tibial plateau and proximal fibula diagnosed by x-rays. Patient had surgical procedure and was immobilized with a long-leg splint for 4 weeks. After immobilization, aggressive rehabilitation was done...
April 26, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445873/pregnancy-outcomes-in-patients-with-glomerular-disease-attending-a-single-academic-center-in-north-carolina
#10
Michelle M O'Shaughnessy, Meghan A Jobson, Katy Sims, Abigail L Liberty, Patrick H Nachman, William F Pendergraft
BACKGROUND: Contemporary data regarding pregnancy outcomes in US patients with primary glomerular diseases are lacking. We aimed to report fetal and maternal outcomes among women with biopsy-proven primary glomerular disease who received obstetric care at a single large academic US center. METHODS: All women with a biopsy-confirmed primary glomerular disease diagnosis and without end-stage kidney disease who received obstetric care at the University of North Carolina (UNC) Hospitals (1996-2015) were identified using the Glomerular Disease Collaborative Network registry and the UNC Hospitals Perinatal Database...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445859/a-risk-scoring-model-based-on-vital-signs-and-laboratory-data-predicting-transfer-to-the-intensive-care-unit-of-patients-admitted-to-gastroenterology-wards
#11
Won-Young Kim, Jinmi Lee, Ju-Ry Lee, Youn Kyung Jung, Hwa Jung Kim, Jin Won Huh, Chae-Man Lim, Younsuck Koh, Sang-Bum Hong
PURPOSE: To compare the ability of a score based on vital signs and laboratory data with that of the modified early warning score (MEWS) to predict ICU transfer of patients with gastrointestinal disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive events triggering medical emergency team activation in adult patients admitted to the gastroenterology wards of the Asan Medical Center were reviewed. Binary logistic regression was used to identify factors predicting transfer to the ICU...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445841/copper-ii-and-iron-iii-ions-inhibit-respiration-and-increase-free-radical-mediated-phospholipid-peroxidation-in-rat-liver-mitochondria-effect-of-antioxidants
#12
Christian Saporito-Magriñá, Rosario Musacco-Sebio, Juan M Acosta, Sofía Bajicoff, Paola Paredes-Fleitas, Sofia Reynoso, Alberto Boveris, Marisa G Repetto
Rat liver mitochondria (1.5-2.1mg protein·mL(-1)) supplemented with either 25 and 100μM Cu(2+) or 100 and 500μM Fe(3+) show inhibition of active respiration (O2 consumption in state 3) and increased phospholipid peroxidation . Liver mitochondria were supplemented with the antioxidants reduced glutathione, N-acetylcysteine or butylated hydroxitoluene, to evaluate their effects on the above-mentioned alterations. Although the mitochondrial dysfunction is clearly associated to phospholipid peroxidation, the different responses to antioxidant supplementation indicate that the metal ions have differences in their mechanisms of toxicity...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445818/weighted-partial-least-squares-based-on-the-error-and-variance-of-the-recovery-rate-in-calibration-set
#13
Shaohui Yu, Xue Xiao, Hong Ding, Ge Xu, Haixia Li, Jing Liu
The quantitative analysis is very difficult for the emission-excitation fluorescence spectroscopy of multi-component mixtures whose fluorescence peaks are serious overlapping. As an effective method for the quantitative analysis, partial least squares can extract the latent variables from both the independent variables and the dependent variables, so it can model for multiple correlations between variables. However, there are some factors that usually affect the prediction results of partial least squares, such as the noise, the distribution and amount of the samples in calibration set etc...
April 19, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445800/adjunctive-celecoxib-for-schizophrenia-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trials
#14
Wei Zheng, Dong-Bin Cai, Xin-Hu Yang, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Norbert Müller, Yu-Ping Ning, Yu-Tao Xiang
Neuroinflammation has been implicated in the neurobiological pathways of schizophrenia. This meta-analysis evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of adjunctive celecoxib as a noncompetitive anti-inflammation drug in treating schizophrenia. Data were searched, extracted, checked and entered into the RevMan (version 5.3) software by two independent investigators. Standardized/weighted mean differences (SMDs/WMDs), risk ratio (RR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated, as appropriate. Included were 8 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with a total of 626 patients with schizophrenia including 316 (50...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445793/predictors-of-30-day-pulmonary-complications-after-outpatient-surgery-relative-importance-of-body-mass-index-weight-classifications-in-risk-assessment
#15
Gildasio S De Oliveira, Robert J McCarthy, Kristopher Davignon, Herb Chen, Heather Panaro, William G Cioffi
BACKGROUND: The current literature is controversial regarding the importance of obese body mass index (BMI) classifications as a risk factor for pulmonary complications following outpatient surgery. The objective of the current investigation was to evaluate predictors of pulmonary outcomes following outpatient surgery and to assess the importance of BMI weight classifications in risk assessment. STUDY DESIGN: Patients with "outpatient" recorded as their inpatient/outpatient status in the 2012-2013 NSQIP database were included...
April 23, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445792/vitamin-d-supplementation-restores-the-blunted-muscle-protein-synthesis-response-in-deficient-old-rats-through-an-impact-on-ectopic-fat-deposition
#16
Audrey Chanet, Jérôme Salles, Christelle Guillet, Christophe Giraudet, Alexandre Berry, Véronique Patrac, Carla Domingues-Faria, Camille Tagliaferri, Katia Bouton, Justine Bertrand-Michel, Miriam Van Dijk, Marion Jourdan, Yvette Luiking, Sjors Verlaan, Corinne Pouyet, Philippe Denis, Yves Boirie, Stéphane Walrand
We investigated the impact of vitamin D deficiency and repletion on muscle anabolism in old rats. Animals were fed a control (1 IU vitamin D3/g, ctrl, n=20) or a vitamin D-depleted diet (VDD; 0 IU, n=30) for 6 months. A subset was thereafter sacrificed in the control (ctrl6) and depleted groups (VDD6). Remaining control animals were kept for 3 additional months on the same diet (ctrl9), while a part of VDD rats continued on a depleted diet (VDD9) and another part was supplemented with vitamin D (5 IU, VDS9)...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445783/jump-starting-shared-medical-appointments-for-diabetes-with-weight-management-rationale-and-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Matthew J Crowley, David Edelman, Corrine I Voils, Matthew L Maciejewski, Cynthia J Coffman, Amy S Jeffreys, Marsha J Turner, Leslie A Gaillard, Teresa A Hinton, Elizabeth Strawbridge, Jennifer Zervakis, Anna Beth Barton, William S Yancy
BACKGROUND: Rates of glycemic control remain suboptimal nationwide. Medication intensification for diabetes can have undesirable side effects (weight gain, hypoglycemia), which offset the benefits of glycemic control. A Shared Medical Appointment (SMA) intervention for diabetes that emphasizes weight management could improve glycemic outcomes and reduce weight while simultaneously lowering diabetes medication needs, resulting in less hypoglycemia and better quality of life. We describe the rationale and design for a study evaluating a novel SMA intervention for diabetes that primarily emphasizes low-carbohydrate diet-focused weight management...
April 23, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445778/the-impact-of-bilateral-vagotomy-on-the-physostigmine-induced-airway-constriction-in-ferrets
#18
Burim Neziri, Armond Daci, Shaip Krasniqi, Ramadan Sopi, Musa A Haxhiu
Vagal innervations have a great role in the respiratory function and are the main route of signal transmission from respiratory neural centers into the trachea and others conducting airways. We have investigated the role of central mechanisms related to vagal neural pathways and the cholinergic outflow in tracheobronchial smooth muscle tone and lung mechanics parameters. Parameters of lung mechanics such as lung resistance (RL), dynamic compliance (Cdyn) and pressure in bypassed tracheal segment (Ptseg) were measured before and after vagotomy and asphyxia test...
April 23, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445765/in-line-monitoring-and-optimization-of-powder-flow-in-a-simulated-continuous-process-using-transmission-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#19
Md Anik Alam, Zhenqi Shi, James K Drennen, Carl A Anderson
In-line monitoring of continuous powder flow is an integral part of the continuous manufacturing process of solid oral dosage forms in the pharmaceutical industry. Specifically, monitoring downstream from loss-in-weight (LIW) feeders and/or continuous mixers provides important data about the state of the process. Such measurements support control of the process and thereby enhance product quality. Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) is a potential PAT tool to monitor the homogeneity of a continuous powder flow stream in pharmaceutical manufacturing...
April 23, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445709/gait-analysis-and-weight-bearing-in-pre-clinical-joint-pain-research
#20
Kristina Ängeby Möller, Heta Svärd, Anni Suominen, Jarmo Immonen, Johanna Holappa, Carina Stenfors
BACKGROUND: There is a need for better joint pain treatment, but development of new medication has not been successful. Pre-clinical models with readouts that better reflect the clinical situation are needed. In patients with joint pain, pain at rest and pain at walking are two major complaints. NEW METHOD: We describe a new way of calculating results from gait analysis using the CatWalk™ setup. Rats with monoarthritis induced by injection of Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA) intra-articularly into the ankle joint of one hind limb were used to assess gait and dynamic weight bearing...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
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