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Industrial hygiene

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415949/determination-of-chemical-specific-iggs-in-serum-by-an-enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assay-with-partial-peptides-of-human-serum-albumin
#1
Yasuhiro Ishihara, Nami Ikeda-Ishihara, Chihaya Koriyama, Noriaki Kakiuchi, Masayuki Tanaka, Christoph F A Vogel, Toshihiro Kawamoto, Mayumi Tsuji
Many different types of chemicals are used in industry, and occupational allergies are becoming a serious problem in the field of industrial hygiene. In this study, we employed a novel enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with partial peptides of human serum albumin (HSA) to quantify chemical-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) in serum for evaluating exposure to chemicals. When HSA partial peptides containing lysine residues were mixed with formaldehyde (FA) or phthalic anhydride (PA), almost all lysine residues were lost...
2018: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411781/assessment-of-occupational-exposure-to-gaseous-peracetic-acid
#2
Stefano Dugheri, Alessandro Bonari, Ilenia Pompilio, Marco Colpo, Manfredi Montalti, Nicola Mucci, Giulio Arcangeli
OBJECTIVES: In order to assess short-term exposure to peracetic acid (PAA) in disinfection processes, the Authors compared 4 industrial hygiene monitoring methods to evaluate their proficiency in measuring airborne PAA concentrations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An active sampling by basic silica gel impregnated with methyl p-tolyl sulfoxide (MTSO), a passive solid phase micro-extraction technique using methyl p-tolyl sulfide (MTS) as on-fiber derivatization reagent, an electrochemical direct-reading PAA monitor, and a novel visual test strip PAA detector doped with 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline)-6-sulfonate were evaluated and tested over the range of 0...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402395/intestinal-worms-eating-neuropsychiatric-disorders-apparently-so
#3
Henry H Kou, William Parker
A number of factors in Western society, including inflammatory diets, sedentary lifestyles, vitamin D deficiency and chronic psychological stress, are known to induce inflammation and to be associated with neuropsychiatric disorders. One factor that is emerging as a potential inflammation inducing factor is biota depletion, or loss of biodiversity from the ecosystem of the human body as a result of industrialization. Originally known as the "hygiene hypothesis", biota alteration theory describes the effects of biota alteration on the human immune system...
February 2, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386442/-hygiene-in-sleep-problems-of-sleeping-habits-in-shift-workers
#4
Masumi Takada
Since World War II, Japan has achieved remarkable economic development and has become an advanced country. Particularly in the industrial field, a production system has been developed to reduce the loss of machining time by adopting a shiftwork in factories operating 24 hours a day, which contributes to the improvement of productivity. Nowadays, this shiftwork practice has spread from the industrial field to other businesses such as 24-hour entertainment facilities and convenience stores, which lead to sleep deprivation in Japanese society...
2018: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373973/factors-deterring-dentistry-medical-pharmacy-and-social-science-undergraduates-from-pursuing-nursing-as-a-healthcare-career-a-cross-sectional-study-in-an-asian-university
#5
Ling Ting Wu, Wenru Wang, Eleanor Holroyd, Violeta Lopez, Sok Ying Liaw
BACKGROUND: Globally more registered nurses need to be recruited to meet the needs of aging populations and increased co-morbidity. Nursing recruitment remains challenging when compared to other healthcare programs. Despite healthcare students having similar motivation in joining the healthcare industry, many did not consider nursing as a career choice. This study aims to identify the deterrents to choosing nursing among healthcare undergraduates by examining the differences in the factors influencing healthcare career choices and nursing as a career choice...
January 26, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342235/estimation-of-lead-exposure-prevalence-in-korean-population-through-combining-multiple-experts-judgment-based-on-objective-data-sources
#6
Dong-Hee Koh, Ju-Hyun Park, Sang-Gil Lee, Hwan-Cheol Kim, Sangjun Choi, Hyejung Jung, Jae-Oh Park, Dong-Uk Park
Objective: Estimating carcinogen exposure prevalence is important for preventing occupational cancers. To develop the Korean version of CARcinogen EXposure (CAREX), a carcinogen surveillance system used in many countries, we estimated lead exposure prevalence in the Korean working population. Methods: We used three Korean nationwide data sources to obtain objective database-derived prevalences of lead exposure across industries: airborne lead measurement data from the work environment measurement database (WEMD), blood lead measurement data from the special health examination database (SHED), and lead exposure prevalence computed using data from the work environment condition survey (WECS), which is a nationwide occupational exposure survey...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321941/hygienic-measures-during-animal-transport-to-abattoirs-a-status-quo-analysis-of-the-current-cleaning-and-disinfection-of-animal-transporters-in-germany
#7
Luisa Weber, Diana Meemken
Background: The process of cleaning and disinfection of animal transport vehicles after unloading animals at the abattoir is a critical control point regarding proper hygiene. It is an important step regarding the biosecurity. In the present study, a status quo analysis of the currently performed cleaning and disinfection measures of animal transport vehicles was carried out at the vehicle washing facilities of five different industrial abattoirs in Germany. For this purpose, a checklist was developed and validated to assess the washing procedure of transport vehicles in a standardised way...
2018: Porcine Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301381/food-safety-knowledge-attitudes-and-behavior-among-dairy-plant-workers-in-beijing-northern-china
#8
Yan Chen, Hua Ji, Li-Jun Chen, Rong Jiang, Yong-Ning Wu
The safety of milk and dairy products has always been one of the focuses of consumers, the food industry and regulatory agencies. The purpose of this study was to gain insight into the food safety knowledge, attitudes and behavior of dairy plant workers. A cross-sectional survey was performed between May and August 2015 in three dairy plants in Beijing, northern China. A total of 194 dairy plant workers were interviewed to collect information on food safety knowledge, attitudes and self-reported behavior. The 194 dairy plant workers interviewed showed a sufficient level of knowledge (mean score 34 on a scale from 0-58), perfect attitudes (mean score 17 on a scale from 0-18), and perfect behavior (mean score 38 on a scale from 8-40)...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286493/twenty-five-years-of-the-national-academy-of-medical-sciences-of-ukraine-progress-and-priorities-for-future-of-radiation-medicine-and-biology
#9
D Bazyka
After the creation of the Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine in 1993 the Research Center for Radiation Medicine was among the first institutions to join the Academy (fig. 1). Estab lishing the Academy was among the first steps of the independent Ukrainian government and aimed to provide a high level health care for population. It was extremely needed for the minimization of Chornobyl medical consequences. This choice was related to a growing recognition of the scientific research in fulfilling the Сenter's mission - study of the effects of low dose radiation on human body and radiation protection of the exposed population...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286022/italian-prisoners-with-tuberculosis-in-the-early-nineteenth-century-the-experience-in-the-pianosa-prison-hospital
#10
Sergio Sabbatani, Sirio Fiorino, Roberto Manfredi
In the late nineteenth century, with industrial growth and the resulting mass urbanisation, tuberculosis represented a plague mainly among the poor social classes. The outdated and crowded Italian prisons (formerly old monasteries) during the early 1900s were insufficient to "host" the multitude of inmates condemned or waiting for judgment. Italian prisoners were beset by hunger and poor hygiene facilities. Clothes did not differ between winter and summer. The Criminal Sanatorium of Pianosa was officially inaugurated in 1907, but from the 1860s it had been set up to host an agricultural penal colony...
December 1, 2017: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277738/cellulose-nanomaterials-as-green-nanoreinforcements-for%C3%A2-polymer-nanocomposites
#11
REVIEW
Alain Dufresne
Unexpected and attractive properties can be observed when decreasing the size of a material down to the nanoscale. Cellulose is no exception to the rule. In addition, the highly reactive surface of cellulose resulting from the high density of hydroxyl groups is exacerbated at this scale. Different forms of cellulose nanomaterials, resulting from a top-down deconstruction strategy (cellulose nanocrystals, cellulose nanofibrils) or bottom-up strategy (bacterial cellulose), are potentially useful for a large number of industrial applications...
February 13, 2018: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275219/internet-addiction-at-workplace-and-it-implication-for-workers-life-style-exploration-from-southern-india
#12
Apoorva Shrivastava, Manoj Kumar Sharma, Palaniappan Marimuthu
BACKGROUND: Industries are focusing on digitization of their working environment. It helps in enhanced productivity as well as communication among workers. It also lead to higher usages of internet for non work related use at workplace. It affect their productivity at workplace. The present study was undertaken to explore internet use in Information technology (IT) industry and non IT industry, to see its consequence and effect on lifestyle and functioning. METHODS AND MATERIALS: 250 employees of various Government/Private sector organizations(using internet for more than a year and education level of graduation and above) were approached for the assessment using cross sectional research design...
December 9, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274968/prevalence-of-lameness-and-leg-lesions-of-lactating-dairy-cows-housed-in-southern-brazil-effects-of-housing-systems
#13
Joao H C Costa, Tracy A Burnett, Marina A G von Keyserlingk, Maria J Hötzel
Within the last few decades, the North American and European dairy industries have been collecting information about lameness and leg injury prevalence on dairy farms and have tried to develop solutions to mitigate these ailments. Few published articles report the prevalence of lameness and leg lesions in areas outside of those 2 regions, or how alternative housing systems, such as compost-bedded packs, affect the prevalence of these maladies. The objectives of this study were to compare the prevalence of lameness and leg lesions on confined dairies that used freestall, compost-bedded packs, or a combination of these 2 systems in Brazil...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242517/the-crisis-at-christmas-dental-service-a-review-of-an-annual-volunteer-led-dental-service-for-homeless-and-vulnerably-housed-people-in-london
#14
J Doughty, S Stagnell, N Shah, A Vasey, C Gillard
Background The UK charity Crisis originated in 1967 as a response to the increasing numbers of homeless people in London, and the first Crisis at Christmas event for rough sleepers was established in 1971. Since then, Crisis has provided numerous services over the Christmas period to the most vulnerable members of society. One of these is the Crisis at Christmas Dental Service (CCDS) which provides emergency and routine dental care from 23-29 of December each year. The charity is entirely dependent on voluntary staffing and industry donations including materials and facilities...
December 15, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238652/handling-of-laundry-in-nursing-homes-in-frankfurt-am-main-germany-2016-laundry-and-professional-clothing-as-potential-pathways-of-bacterial-transfer
#15
Ursel Heudorf, Stefanie Gasteyer, Maria Müller, Nicole Serra, Tim Westphal, Claudia Reinheimer, Volkhard Kempf
Background: In accordance with the German Infection Protection Act, the treatment and handling of laundry was checked by the Public Health Department in 2016 in all Frankfurt nursing homes with special focus on the staff's clothing. Methods: On-site visits and surveys were conducted in all 44 nursing homes in Frankfurt/Main, Germany, and random microbiological examinations of 58 reprocessed and 58 already worn protective gowns were performed to determine the numbers of the colony forming units (cfu) and microbiological differentiation of the pathogen species...
2017: GMS Hygiene and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225703/facilitators-and-barriers-to-healthy-eating-in-a-worksite-cafeteria-a-qualitative-study-from-nepal
#16
Archana Shrestha, Prajjwal Pyakurel, Abha Shrestha, Rabin Gautam, Nisha Manandhar, Elizabeth Rhodes, Dipesh Tamrakar, Biraj Man Karmacharya, Vasanti Malik, Josiemer Mattei, Donna Spiegelman
Objective: Worksite interventions can serve as a potential platform for translating existing knowledge of diabetes prevention and facilitate healthy food choices. The study explored perceptions about healthy eating as well as potential facilitators and barriers to healthy eating among employees in a wire manufacturing factory in Nepal. Methods and materials: We conducted a cross-sectional exploratory qualitative study in a wire manufacturing industry in eastern Nepal...
2017: Heart Asia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224909/hygiene-hypothesis-in-asthma-development-is-hygiene-to-blame
#17
REVIEW
Erik van Tilburg Bernardes, Marie-Claire Arrieta
Industrialized countries have registered epidemic rates on allergic diseases, such as hay fever, asthma, eczema, and food allergies. The Hygiene Hypothesis was born from work made by Dr. David Strachan, who observed that younger siblings were less susceptible to eczema and asthma, and proposed that this was a result of increased transmission of infectious agents via unhygienic practices within a household. This initial hypothesis was then reframed as the old friends/microbiota hypothesis, implicating non-pathogenic commensal microorganisms as the source of immunomodulatory signals necessary to prevent immune-mediated chronic disorders...
December 7, 2017: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206638/work-related-asthma-in-a-sample-of-subjects-with-established-asthma
#18
Donatella Talini, Alessandro Ciberti, Dusca Bartoli, Paolo Del Guerra, Tonina Enza Iaia, Maria Lemmi, Andrea Innocenti, Francesco Di Pede, Manuela Latorre, Laura Carrozzi, Pierluigi Paggiaro
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of occupational exposure to irritants or sensitizers on the occurrence, recrudescence and worsening of asthma and to identify unrecognized cases of work related asthma (WRA) including Work-Exacerbated Asthma (WEA) and Occupational Asthma (OA), in a general asthma clinic population sample. SETTING, DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: The study was a population-based cross sectional survey. 1289 asthmatic subjects (from 15 to 46 yrs old) living in a vast district of Tuscany (Italy) were identified from the Medical Reimbursement Register of the National Health System...
September 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201777/current-treatment-of-acute-and-chronic-hepatitis-e-virus-infection-role-of-antivirals
#19
REVIEW
Ananta Shrestha, Birendra P Gupta, Thupten K Lama
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection results in nearly 20 million new infections, resulting in 70,000 deaths globally each year. Previously thought as a disease limited to developing nations with poor sanitation and hygiene, it is increasingly recognized that even the most developed nations are not spared. A clear dichotomy in epidemiology of HEV is noted between developing and industrialized nations. The HEV genotypes 1 and 2 are common in Asia and Africa and are transmitted mainly by contaminated drinking water...
January 2017: Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200133/toluene-diisocyanate-exposure-exposure-assessment-and-development-of-cross-facility-similar-exposure-groups-among-toluene-diisocyanate-production-plants
#20
Paul J Middendorf, William Miller, Tim Feeley, Brent Doney
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to characterize workplace toluene diisocyanate (TDI) exposures using standardized industrial hygiene exposure assessment procedures for use in a prospective epidemiologic study of occupational asthma. METHODS: Over 2300 representative routine full shift time-weighted average (TWA) and short-term high potential exposure tasks (HPETs) air samples in groups across three TDI plants were collected over a nearly 7-year period...
December 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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