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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332278/exposure-to-nanoscale-and-microscale-particulate-air-pollution-prior-to-mining-development-near-a-northern-indigenous-community-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-canada
#1
Avik J Ghoshdastidar, Zhenzhong Hu, Yevgen Nazarenko, Parisa A Ariya
This study serves as a baseline characterization of indoor and outdoor air quality in a remote northern indigenous community prior to the start of a major nearby mining operation, including measurements of nanoparticles, which has never been performed in this context before. We performed aerosol sample collection and real-time aerosol measurements at six different locations at the Cree First Nation of Waswanipi and the Montviel campsite, located 45 km west of the Cree First Nation of Waswanipi, in the south of the Nord-du-Québec region...
January 14, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306880/knowledge-opinions-and-compliance-related-to-the-100-smoke-free-law-in-hospitality-venues-in-kampala-uganda-cross-sectional-results-from-the-komply-project
#2
Shannon Gravely, Kellen Namusisi Nyamurungi, Steven Ndugwa Kabwama, Gabriel Okello, Lindsay Robertson, Kelvin Khow Chuan Heng, Achiri Elvis Ndikum, Adeniyi Samuel Oginni, Jean Christophe Rusatira, Socrates Kakoulides, Mark D Huffman, Salim Yusuf, Eduardo Bianco
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated knowledge, opinions and compliance related to Uganda's comprehensive smoke-free law among hospitality venues in Kampala Uganda. DESIGN: This multi-method study presents cross-sectional findings of the extent of compliance in the early phase of Uganda's comprehensive smoke-free law (2 months postimplementation; pre-enforcement). SETTING: Bars, pubs and restaurants in Kampala Uganda. PROCEDURE AND PARTICIPANTS: A two-stage stratified cluster sampling procedure was used to select hospitality sites stratified by all five divisions in Kampala...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304498/low-cost-measurement-techniques-to-characterize-the-influence-of-home-heating-fuel-on-carbon-monoxide-in-navajo-homes
#3
Joanna Gordon Casey, John Ortega, Evan Coffey, Michael Hannigan
A large fraction of the global population relies on the inefficient combustion of solid fuels for cooking and home heating, resulting in household exposure to combustion byproducts. In the southwestern United States, unhealthy air quality has been observed in some homes that use solid fuels as a primary source of heat on the Navajo Nation. In order to better understand how home heating fuel choice can influence indoor air quality in this region, we used recently developed low-cost electrochemical sensors to measure carbon monoxide (CO) air mole fractions continuously inside and outside 41 homes in two communities on the Navajo Nation...
January 2, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288255/assessment-of-indoor-air-quality-at-an-electronic-cigarette-vaping-convention
#4
Rui Chen, Angela Aherrera, Chineye Isichei, Pablo Olmedo, Stephanie Jarmul, Joanna E Cohen, Ana Navas-Acien, Ana M Rule
E-cigarette (vaping) conventions are public events promoting electronic cigarettes, in which indoor use of e-cigarettes is allowed. The large concentration of people using e-cigarettes and poor air ventilation can result in indoor air pollution. In order to estimate this worst-case exposure to e-cigarettes, we evaluated indoor air quality in a vaping convention in Maryland (MD), USA. Real-time concentrations of particulate matter (PM10) and real-time total volatile organic compounds (TVOCs), CO2 and NO2 concentrations were measured...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280511/modeling-the-resiliency-of-energy-efficient-retrofits-in-low-income-multifamily-housing
#5
Lindsay Jeanne Underhill, Maria Patricia Fabian, Kimberly Vermeer, Megan Sandel, Gary Adamkiewicz, Jessica H Leibler, Jonathan Ian Levy
Residential energy efficiency and ventilation retrofits (e.g., building weatherization, local exhaust ventilation, HVAC filtration) can influence indoor air quality (IAQ) and occupant health, but these measures' impact varies by occupant activity. In this study, we used the multi-zone airflow and IAQ analysis program CONTAM to simulate the impacts of energy retrofits on indoor concentrations of PM2.5 and NO2 in a low-income multifamily housing complex in Boston, Massachusetts (USA). We evaluated the differential impact of residential activities, such as low- and high-emission cooking, cigarette smoking, and window-opening, on IAQ across two seasons...
December 27, 2017: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277437/indoor-air-quality-iaq-evaluation-of-a-novel-tobacco-vapor-ntv-product
#6
Hirokazu Ichitsubo, Misato Kotaki
The impact of using a Novel Tobacco Vapor (NTV) product on indoor air quality (IAQ) was simulated using an environmentally-controlled chamber. Three environmental simulations were examined; two non-smoking areas (conference room and dining room) and one ventilated smoking area (smoking lounge). IAQ was evaluated by (i) measuring constituents in the mainstream NTV product emissions, (ii) and by determining classical environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and representative air quality markers. Analysis of the mainstream emissions revealed that vapor from the NTV product is chemically simpler than cigarette smoke...
December 22, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274539/indoor-exposure-to-particles-emitted-by-biomass-burning-heating-systems-and-evaluation-of-dose-and-lung-cancer-risk-received-by-population
#7
L Stabile, G Buonanno, P Avino, A Frattolillo, E Guerriero
Homes represent a critical microenvironment in terms of air quality due to the proximity to main particle sources and the lack of proper ventilation systems. Biomass-fed heating systems are still extensively used worldwide, then likely emitting a significant amount of particles in indoor environments. Nonetheless, research on biomass emissions are limited to their effects on outdoor air quality then not properly investigating the emission in indoor environments. To this purpose, the present paper aims to evaluate the exposure to different airborne particle metrics (including both sub- and super-micron particles) and attached carcinogenic compounds in dwellings where three different heating systems were used: open fireplaces, closed fireplaces and pellet stoves...
December 20, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242251/equal-opportunity-equal-work-increasing-women-s-participation-in-the-u-s-president-s-malaria-initiative-africa-indoor-residual-spraying-project
#8
Abigail Donner, Allison Belemvire, Ben Johns, Keith Mangam, Elana Fiekowsky, Jayleen Gunn, Mary Hayden, Kacey Ernst
BACKGROUND: One of the primary control measures for malaria transmission is indoor residual spraying (IRS). Historically, few women have worked in IRS programs, despite the income-generating potential. Increasing women's roles in IRS requires understanding the barriers to women's participation and implementing measures to address them. The U.S. President's Malaria Initiative (PMI) Africa Indoor Residual Spraying (AIRS) Project is the largest implementer of IRS globally. To address gender inequity in IRS operations, PMI AIRS assessed the barriers to the participation of women and developed and implemented policies to address these barriers...
December 14, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232615/a-wind-tunnel-study-on-the-effect-of-trees-on-pm2-5-distribution-around-buildings
#9
Wenjing Ji, Bin Zhao
Vegetation, especially trees, is effective in reducing the concentration of particulate matter. Trees can efficiently capture particles, improve urban air quality, and may further decrease the introduction of outdoor particles to indoor air. The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of trees on particle distribution and removal around buildings using wind tunnel experiments. The wind tunnel is 18m long, 12m wide, and 3.5m high. Trees were modeled using real cypress branches to mimic trees planted around buildings...
November 26, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220786/magnetic-susceptibility-of-spider-webs-as-a-proxy-of-airborne-metal-pollution
#10
Marzena Rachwał, Justyna Rybak, Wioletta Rogula-Kozłowska
The purpose of this pilot study was to test spider webs as a fast tool for magnetic biomonitoring of air pollution. The study involved the investigation of webs made by four types of spiders: Pholcus phalangioides (Pholcidae), Eratigena atrica and Agelena labirynthica (Agelenidae) and Linyphia triangularis (Linyphiidae). These webs were obtained from outdoor and indoor study sites. Compared to the clean reference webs, an increase was observed in the values of magnetic susceptibility in the webs sampled from both indoor and outdoor sites, which indicates contamination by anthropogenically produced pollution particles that contain ferrimagnetic iron minerals...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212055/indoor-and-outdoor-air-concentrations-of-volatile-organic-compounds-and-no2-in-schools-of-urban-industrial-and-rural-areas-in-central-southern-spain
#11
Florentina Villanueva, Araceli Tapia, Sonia Lara, Mariano Amo-Salas
Thirty two VOCs including alkanes, aromatic hydrocarbons, terpenes and carbonyl compounds together with NO2 were investigated in a kindergarten classroom, a primary classroom and the playground in 18 schools located in rural areas, an urban area (Ciudad Real) and an industrial area (Puertollano) in the province of Ciudad Real in central southern Spain. The most abundant pollutants at schools were the aldehydes formaldehyde and hexanal. After carbonyls, n-dodecane was the most abundant compound in the study areas...
December 3, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210407/three-dimensional-vapor-intrusion-modeling-approach-that-combines-wind-and-stack-effects-on-indoor-atmospheric-and-subsurface-domains
#12
Elham Shirazi, Kelly G Pennell
Vapor intrusion (IV) exposure risks are difficult to characterize due to the role of atmospheric, building and subsurface processes. This study presents a three-dimensional VI model that extends the common subsurface fate and transport equations to incorporate wind and stack effects on indoor air pressure, building air exchange rate (AER) and indoor contaminant concentration to improve VI exposure risk estimates. The model incorporates three modeling programs: (1) COMSOL Multiphysics to model subsurface fate and transport processes, (2) CFD0 to model atmospheric air flow around the building, and (3) CONTAM to model indoor air quality...
December 6, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206447/a-collection-method-for-isotopic-analysis-of-gaseous-nitrous-acid-hono
#13
Jiajue Chai, Meredith G Hastings
The sources and chemistry of gaseous nitrous acid (HONO) in the environment are of great interest. HONO is a major source of atmospheric hydroxyl radical (OH), which greatly impacts air quality and climate. HONO is also a major indoor pollutant that threatens human health. However, the large uncertainty of HONO sources and chemistry hinders an accurate prediction of the OH budget. Isotopic analysis of HONO may provide a tool for tracking the sources and chemistry of HONO. In this study, a modified annular denuder system (ADS) was developed to quantitatively capture HONO for offline nitrogen and oxygen isotopic analysis (δ15N and δ18O) using the denitrifier method...
December 5, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192399/indoor-air-quality-of-everyday-use-spaces-dedicated-to-specific-purposes-a-review
#14
Mariusz Marć, Monika Śmiełowska, Jacek Namieśnik, Bożena Zabiegała
According to literature data, some of the main factors which significantly affect the quality of the indoor environment in residential households or apartments are human activities such as cooking, smoking, cleaning, and indoor exercising. The paper presents a literature overview related to air quality in everyday use spaces dedicated to specific purposes which are integral parts of residential buildings, such as kitchens, basements, and individual garages. Some aspects of air quality in large-scale car parks, as a specific type of indoor environment, are also discussed...
November 30, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190562/indoor-thermal-environment-air-exchange-rates-and-carbon-dioxide-concentrations-before-and-after-energy-retro-fits-in-finnish-and-lithuanian-multi-family-buildings
#15
Virpi Leivo, Tadas Prasauskas, Liuliu Du, Mari Turunen, Mihkel Kiviste, Anu Aaltonen, Dainius Martuzevicius, Ulla Haverinen-Shaughnessy
Impacts of energy retrofits on indoor thermal environment, i.e. temperature (T) and relative humidity (RH), as well as ventilation rates and carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations, were assessed in 46 Finnish and 20 Lithuanian multi-family buildings, including 39 retrofitted case buildings in Finland and 15 in Lithuania (the remaining buildings were control buildings with no retrofits). In the Finnish buildings, high indoor T along with low RH levels was commonly observed both before and after the retrofits. Ventilation rates (l/s per person) were higher after the retrofits in buildings with mechanical exhaust ventilation than the corresponding values before the retrofits...
November 27, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186831/integrated-management-of-residential-indoor-air-quality-a-call-for-stakeholders-in-a-changing-climate
#16
REVIEW
Marie-Eve Levasseur, Patrick Poulin, Céline Campagna, Jean-Marc Leclerc
A paradigm change in the management of environmental health issues has been observed in recent years: instead of managing specific risks individually, a holistic vision of environmental problems would assure sustainable solutions. However, concrete actions that could help translate these recommendations into interventions are lacking. This review presents the relevance of using an integrated indoor air quality management approach to ensure occupant health and comfort. At the nexus of three basic concepts (reducing contaminants at the source, improving ventilation, and, when relevant, purifying the indoor air), this approach can help maintain and improve indoor air quality and limit exposure to several contaminants...
November 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182908/outdoor-and-indoor-air-quality-and-cognitive-ability-in-young-children
#17
Emily Midouhas, Theodora Kokosi, Eirini Flouri
BACKGROUND: This study examined outdoor and indoor air quality at ages 9 months and 3 years and their association with cognitive ability at age 3 in England and Wales. METHOD: Data from 8198 Millennium Cohort Study children were analysed using multilevel regression. Outdoor air quality was assessed with mean annual estimates of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) levels within a standard small area (ward). Indoor air quality was measured with parent-reports of damp or condensation in the home and exposure to secondhand smoke in the home...
November 25, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177967/perspective-for-future-research-direction-about-health-impact-of-ambient-air-pollution-in-china
#18
Guang-Hui Dong
Air pollution has become one of the major risks to human health because of the progressive increase in the use of vehicles powered by fossil fuels. Although lots of works on the health impact of ambient air pollution have been done in China, the following recommendations for future research were identified in this chapter: (1) the synergistic effect of indoor air pollution with climate change; (2) develop new technologies to improve accurate assessment of air pollution exposure; (3) well-designed cohort study of sensitive populations including children, older people, and people with chronic health problems; (4) multi-omics technologies in the underlying mechanisms study; and (5) benefits evaluation of improvement of air quality...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173638/detection-and-identification-of-penicillium-spp-in-a-frozen-chicken-nuggets-production-facility
#19
Évelin Francine Wigmann, Raquel Carine Jahn, Catia Daiane Scherer, Fernanda Saccomori, María de Jesús Alcano-González, Marina Venturini Copetti
Frozen chicken nuggets can be stored over a long period, during which time they may be exposed to temperature abuse conditions leading to spoilage by psychrophilic filamentous fungi. The purpose of this study was to investigate the main sources of chicken nugget spoilage. Mycological analyses were performed using raw materials and products from each stage of processing, as well as from the industry's indoor air environment. The species were identified through observation of macroscopic and microscopic characteristics of isolates...
April 2018: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172666/association-of-2-4-dichlorophenol-urinary-concentrations-and-olfactory-dysfunction-in-a-national-sample-of-middle-aged-and-older-u-s-adults
#20
Ghalib Bello, Gerard Dumancas
Olfaction is a key sensory mechanism in humans. Deficits in this chemosensory function have wide-ranging impacts on overall health and quality of life. This study examines the role of environmental phenols as risk factors for olfactory dysfunction among a random sample of 839 middle-aged and older U.S. adults. Olfactory function assessment was carried out using a short 8-item test, scores on which were used to classify subjects into normal or impaired olfactory function groups. Logistic regression models were used to test for associations between olfactory impairment and creatinine-adjusted urinary levels of 8 common environmental phenols, adjusting for potentially confounding covariates...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
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