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Indoor air quality

Georgios Grivas, Konstantina Dimakopoulou, Evangelia Samoli, Despina Papakosta, Anna Karakatsani, Klea Katsouyanni, Archontoula Chaloulakou
Ozone exposure of 179 children in Athens and Thessaloniki, Greece was assessed during 2013-2014, by repeated weekly personal measurements, using passive samplers. O3 was also monitored at school locations of participants to characterize community-level ambient exposure. Average personal concentrations in the two cities (5.0 and 2.8ppb in Athens and Thessaloniki, respectively) were considerably lower than ambient concentrations (with mean personal/ambient ratios of 0.13-0.15). The temporal variation of personal concentrations followed the -typical for low-latitude areas- pattern of cold-warm seasons...
January 3, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Vusumuzi Nkosi, Janine Wichmann, Kuku Voyi
BACKGROUND: Few studies in South Africa have investigated the exposure of asthmatic learners to indoor and outdoor air pollution at schools. This study compared outdoor PM10 and SO2 exposure levels in exposed (1-2 km from gold mine dumps) and unexposed schools (5 km or more from gold mine dumps). It also examined exposure of asthmatic children to indoor respirable dust at exposed and unexposed schools. METHODS: The study was conducted between 1 and 31 October 2012 in five schools from exposed and five from unexposed communities...
January 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
Daniela Kameke, Helge Kampen, Doreen Walther
Culicoides Latreille, 1809 midge species are the putative vectors of Bluetongue virus (BTV) and Schmallenberg virus (SBV) in Europe. To gain a better understanding of the epidemiology of the diseases, basic knowledge about the overwintering of the vectors is needed. Therefore, we investigated culicoid activity in relation to air temperature at livestock stables during late winter and spring season. Ceratopogonids were captured weekly indoors and outdoors on three cattle farms, three horse farms and one sheep farm in the federal state of Brandenburg, Germany between January and May, 2015 by BG-Sentinel UV-light suction traps...
January 4, 2017: Parasitology Research
Silvia Vilčeková, Ilija Zoran Apostoloski, Ľudmila Mečiarová, Eva Krídlová Burdová, Jozef Kiseľák
People who live in buildings are exposed to harmful effects of indoor air pollution for many years. Therefore, our research is aimed to investigate the indoor air quality in family houses. The measurements of indoor air temperature, relative humidity, total volatile organic compounds (TVOC), particulate matters (PM) and sound pressure level were carried out in 25 houses in several cities of the Republic of Macedonia. Mean values of indoor air temperature and relative humidity ranged from 18.9 °C to 25.6 °C and from 34...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Manwen Zhang, Sukun Zhang, Guixian Feng, Hui Su, Fengzhi Zhu, Mingzhong Ren, Zongwei Cai
To identify the sources of PM2.5 pollutants in work environments and determine whether the air quality inside an office was affected by a change in outdoor pollution status, concurrent indoor and outdoor measurements of PM2.5 were conducted at five different office spaces in the urban center of Guangzhou on low pollution days (non-episode days, NEDs), and high pollution days (haze episode days, EDs). Indoor-outdoor relationships between the PM2.5 mass and its chemical constituents, which included water-soluble ions, carbonaceous species, and metal elements, were investigated...
December 28, 2016: Environmental Research
Hao-Jan Yang, Szu-Chieh Chen, Chiung-Wen Hu, Yi-Chen Chiang, Ching-Tsan Tsai, Pin-Yu Lin, Dian-Jheng Lai, Chung-Yih Kuo
Two elementary schools (Shiuguang and Fongrong) from Yulin County in Taiwan, near a main area of potential exposure to Aeolian river-dust, were selected to collect outdoor and indoor PM10 aerosols and to measure five metals in PM10 (As, Ni, Cr, Cd, and Mn). Significant relationships (p < 0.01) were found between outdoor PM10 concentrations at Lunbei's air quality monitoring station and the two elementary schools. The outdoor PM10 concentrations at the monitoring station and the schools' indoor PM10 concentrations also showed significant correlations...
December 30, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Miao-Ching Chi, Su-Er Guo, Su-Lun Hwang, Chiang-Ting Chou, Chieh-Mo Lin, Yu-Ching Lin
Ambient particulate matter (PM) can trigger adverse reactions in the respiratory system, but less is known about the effect of indoor PM. In this longitudinal study, we investigated the relationships between indoor PM and clinical parameters in patients with moderate to very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Indoor air quality (PM2.5 and PM10 levels) was monitored in the patients' bedroom, kitchen, living room, and front door at baseline and every two months for one year. At each home visit, the patients were asked to complete spirometry and questionnaire testing...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
K E Kelly, J Whitaker, A Petty, C Widmer, A Dybwad, D Sleeth, R Martin, A Butterfield
Low-cost, light-scattering-based particulate matter (PM) sensors are becoming more widely available and are being increasingly deployed in ambient and indoor environments because of their low cost and ability to provide high spatial and temporal resolution PM information. Researchers have begun to evaluate some of these sensors under laboratory and environmental conditions. In this study, a low-cost, particulate matter sensor (Plantower PMS 1003/3003) used by a community air-quality network is evaluated in a controlled wind-tunnel environment and in the ambient environment during several winter-time, cold-pool events that are associated with high ambient levels of PM...
February 2017: Environmental Pollution
G Buonanno, L Stabile, L Morawska, G Giovinco, X Querol
In order to estimate the lung cancer risk associated to airborne particles, exposure and risk-assessment studies ordinarily use particle mass concentration as dosimetry parameter. Consequently, the corresponding air quality targets are based on this metrics, neglecting the potential impact of ultrafine particles (UFPs) due to their negligible mass. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability of air quality targets in protecting Italian non-smoking people from lung cancer risk due to exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and some heavy metals associated with particle inhalation...
December 21, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Natacha Heutte, Véronique André, Catherine Dubos Arvis, Valérie Bouchart, Françoise Lemarié, Patrick Legendre, Edwige Votier, Marie-Yolande Louis, Stéphane Madelaine, Virginie Séguin, Stéphanie Gente, Philippe Vérité, David Garon
Indoor air quality in health care facilities is a major public health concern, particularly for immunocompromised patients who may be exposed to microbiological contaminants such as molds, mycotoxins, endotoxins, and (1,3)-ß-D-glucans. Over 2 years, bioaerosols were collected on a monthly basis in a cancer treatment center (Centre F. Baclesse, Normandy, France), characterized from areas where there was no any particular air treatment. Results showed the complexity of mycoflora in bioaerosols with more than 100 fungal species identified...
January 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
W M Champion, P H Charley, B Klein, K Stewart, P A Solomon, L D Montoya
A 2010 study identified higher than average incidence of respiratory disease in Shiprock, NM, the largest city in the Navajo Nation. That study suggested that the potential cause was the combustion of solid fuels in in-home heating stoves and that respiratory disease could be greatly reduced by changing indoor heating behaviors and improving heating stove quality. Since the Navajo people are deeply embedded in culture and traditions that strongly influence their daily lives, a new framework was needed to identify feasible heating alternatives that could reduce the negative environmental and health impacts related to solid fuel use while respecting the culture of the Navajo people...
December 20, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Rui Pitarma, Gonçalo Marques, Bárbara Roque Ferreira
Indoor environments are characterized by several pollutant sources. Because people spend more than 90% of their time in indoor environments, several studies have pointed out the impact of indoor air quality on the etiopathogenesis of a wide number of non-specific symptoms which characterizes the "Sick Building Syndrome", involving the skin, the upper and lower respiratory tract, the eyes and the nervous system, as well as many building related diseases. Thus, indoor air quality (IAQ) is recognized as an important factor to be controlled for the occupants' health and comfort...
February 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
Cheol-Min Lee, Myung-Hee Kwon, Dae-Ryong Kang, Tae-Hyun Park, Si-Hyun Park, Jung-Eun Kwak
This study was conducted to provide fundamental data on the distribution of radon concentrations in child day-care facilities in South Korea and to help establish radon mitigation strategies. For this study, 230 child-care centers were randomly chosen from all child-care centers nationwide, and alpha track detectors were used to examine cumulative radon exposure concentrations from January to May 2015. The mean radon concentration measured in Korean child-care centers is approximately 52 Bq m(-3), about one-third of the upper limit of 148 Bq m(-3), which is recommended by South Korea's Indoor Air Quality Control in Public Use Facilities, etc...
February 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Pongtong Puranitee, Sirinapa Siwarom, Adisak Plitponkarnpim, Wiparat Manuyakorn, Ratchaneewan Sinitkul, Sakda Arj-Ong Vallipakorn
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the association between exposure to indoor air pollution in DCCs (Child Day Care Centers) and the respiratory symptoms of children under 6 years old. METHODS: Air quality data were collected three times regarding seasonal variation. Pollutants measured in 11 DCCs included PM10, CO, NO2, SO2, O3, benzene, bacteria, fungi, and dust mite. The frequency of respiratory symptoms including coughing, rhinitis, and dyspnea were recorded via teacher and parent-report questionnaires...
December 12, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
Ling-Tim Wong, Kwok-Wai Mui, Tsz-Wun Tsang
Conducting a full indoor air quality (IAQ) assessment in air-conditioned offices requires large-scale material and manpower resources. However, an IAQ index can be adopted as a handy screening tool to identify any premises (with poor IAQ) that need more comprehensive IAQ assessments to prioritize IAQ improvements. This study proposes a step-wise IAQ screening protocol to facilitate its cost-effective management among building owners and managers. The effectiveness of three IAQ indices, namely θ₁ (with one parameter: CO₂), θ₂ (with two parameters: CO₂ and respirable suspended particulates, RSP) and θ₃ (with three parameters: CO₂, RSP, and total volatile organic compounds, TVOC) are evaluated...
December 14, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Qiuju Xie, Ji-Qin Ni, Zhongbin Su
Ammonia (NH3) is considered one of the significant pollutions contributor to indoor air quality and odor gas emission from swine house because of the negative impact on the health of pigs, the workers and local environment. Prediction models could provide a reasonable way for pig industries and environment regulatory to determine environment control strategies and give an effective method to evaluate the air quality. The adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) simulates human's vague thinking manner to solve the ambiguity and nonlinear problems which are difficult to be processed by conventional mathematics...
March 5, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
P S J Lakey, A Wisthaler, T Berkemeier, T Mikoviny, U Pöschl, M Shiraiwa
Ozone reacts with skin lipids such as squalene, generating an array of organic compounds, some of which can act as respiratory or skin irritants. Thus, it is important to quantify and predict the formation of these products under different conditions in indoor environments. We developed the kinetic multilayer model that explicitly resolves mass transport and chemical reactions at the skin and in the gas phase (KM-SUB-Skin). It can reproduce the concentrations of ozone and organic compounds in previous measurements and new experiments...
December 10, 2016: Indoor Air
JaKyoung Kim, HyungJin Kim, DaeHyun Lim, Young-Kyu Lee, Jeong Hee Kim
The increasing prevalence of atopic dermatitis (AD) is associated with variations in indoor environments. In Korea, many inner walls of homes are covered with wallpaper: such walls emit indoor air pollutants, including volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and formaldehyde. This randomized, double-blind study investigated the effects of wallpaper on indoor air quality and AD. Thirty-one children (aged three to eight years) with moderate AD were assigned to environmentally-friendly (EF) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) wallpaper groups...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Bo-Young Kim, Jee Hyun Ahn, Ji-Wook Yoon, Chul-Soon Lee, Yun Chan Kang, Faissal Abdel-Hady, Abdulaziz A Wazzan, Jong-Heun Lee
Xylene is a hazardous volatile organic compound, which should be measured precisely for monitoring of indoor air quality. The selective detection of ppm-level xylene using oxide semiconductor chemiresistors, however, remains a challenging issue. In this study, NiO/NiMoO4 nanocomposite hierarchical spheres assembled from nanosheets were prepared by hydrothermal reaction, and the potential of sensors composed of these nanocomposites to selectively detect xylene gas was investigated. The sensors based on the NiO/NiMoO4 nanocomposite hierarchical spheres exhibited high responses (maximum resistance ratio =101...
December 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Allison Bock, Kathan Chintamaneni, Lisa Rein, Tifany Frazer, Gyan Kayastha, Theodore MacKinney
Streptococcus pneumoniae infection is associated with high morbidity and mortality in low income countries. In Nepal, there is a high lung disease burden and incidence of pneumonia due to multiple factors including indoor air pollution, dust exposure, recurrent infections, and cigarette smoking. Despite the ready availability of effective pneumococcal vaccines (PNV), vaccine coverage rates remain suboptimal globally. Quality Improvement (QI) principles could be applied to improve compliance, but it is a virtually new technology in Nepal...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
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