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Polycystic ovary disease

Elizabeth Hisle-Gorman, Apryl Susi, Theophil Stokes, Gregory Gorman, Christine Erdie-Lalena, Cade M Nylund
OBJECTIVE: We explored the association of 29 previously reported neonatal, perinatal and prenatal conditions and exposures with later diagnosis of ASD in a large sample of children followed over multiple years. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case-cohort study was formed using the Military Health System database. Cases were identified by International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes for ASD between 2000 and 2013 and were matched 3:1 with controls on sex, date of birth, and enrollment time-frame...
March 14, 2018: Pediatric Research
Selin Elmaoğulları, Zeyra Aycan
Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is the major gynecologic complaint of adolescents admitting to hospital. Heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) is the most common clinical presentation of AUB. Anovulatory cycles owing to immature hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis is the leading etiology of HMB and there is an accompanying bleeding disorder in almost %20 of patients with HMB. Additionally, endocrine disorders such as hypothyroidism, hyperprolactinemia and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are possible causes of AUB...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
Sabriye Arslan, Yasemin Akdevelioğlu
Nonclassical target organs recently defined for vitamin D, a major regulator of calcium phosphorus homeostasis and bone health, include reproductive ones. This compilation study focuses on the potential effects of vitamin D on female reproductive functions. Vitamin D receptor enzymes that metabolize vitamin D are expressed in both central and peripheral reproductive organs. Most studies suggest that vitamin D may be directly or indirectly related to gonadal functions. Vitamin D's effects on reproductive functions may be indirectly related to diseases such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), uterine leiomyomas, and endometriosis...
March 13, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
C Berthin, P Sibilia, J Martins-Hericher, A Donzeau, L Martin
BACKGROUND: Non-classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia (NC-CAH) is a recessive autosomal disease caused by a deficiency of adrenal steroidogenesis enzymes. It must be distinguished from classical CAH, either simple virilising or salt-wasting, diagnosed during the neonatal period and responsible for potentially lethal disorders of sexual differentiation. NC-CAH presents a simpler and less specific clinical picture. Herein, we present two cases comprising twin girls consulting for diffuse hypertrichosis...
March 7, 2018: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Laura L Burger, Charlotte Vanacker, Chayarndorn Phumsatitpong, Elizabeth R Wagenmaker, Luhong Wang, David P Olson, Suzanne M Moenter
GnRH neurons are a nexus of fertility regulation. We utilized translating ribosome affinity purification coupled with RNA sequencing to examine mRNAs of GnRH neurons in adult intact and gonadectomized (GDX) male and female mice. GnRH neuron ribosomes were tagged with green fluorescent protein (GFP) and GFP-labeled polysomes isolated by immunoprecipitation, producing one RNA fraction enhanced for GnRH neuron transcripts and one RNA fraction depleted. cDNA libraries were created from each fraction and 50-base, paired-end sequencing done and differential expression (enhanced fraction/depleted fraction) determined with a threshold of >1...
March 7, 2018: Endocrinology
Dorte Glintborg, Katrine Hass Rubin, Mads Nybo, Bo Abrahamsen, Marianne Andersen
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with obesity and low grade inflammation and the risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) could be increased in PCOS. METHODS: National register-based study including women with PCOS and no previous diagnosis of CVD, hypertension, or dyslipidemia. PCOS Denmark (N = 18,112) included women with PCOS in the Danish National Patient Register. PCOS Odense University Hospital (OUH, N = 1165) was an embedded cohort including premenopausal women with PCOS and clinical and biochemical examination...
March 8, 2018: Cardiovascular Diabetology
Lu-Lu Fu, Ying Xu, Dan-Dan Li, Xiao-Wei Dai, Xin Xu, Jing-Shun Zhang, Hao Ming, Xue-Ying Zhang, Guo-Qing Zhang, Ya-Lan Ma, Lian-Wen Zheng
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders in reproductive-aged women. However, the exact pathophysiology of PCOS remains largely unclear. We performed deep sequencing to investigate the mRNA and long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) expression profiles in the ovarian tissues of letrozole-induced PCOS rat model and control rats. A total of 2147 mRNAs and 158 lncRNAs were differentially expressed between the PCOS models and control. Gene ontology analysis indicated that differentially expressed mRNAs were associated with biological adhesion, reproduction, and metabolic process...
March 2, 2018: Gene
Sharon E Oberfield, Rachel H Tao, Selma F Witchel
Premature adrenarche (PA) has been assumed to be a benign variant of normal pubertal development. Yet, current collective information suggests associations between PA and potential risks for development of polycystic ovary syndrome and adult diseases such as the metabolic syndrome. Adrenarche refers to the increased secretion of the adrenal androgen precursors DHEA, DHEAS, and androstenedione, which normally occurs in children at age 6-8 years. PA may be identified clinically by early pubarche, which is defined as the development of pubic or axillary hair before 8 years in girls or 9 years in boys...
March 2018: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
Dah-Ching Ding, I-Ju Tsai, Jen-Hung Wang, Shinn-Zong Lin, Fung-Chang Sung
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome are characterized by obesity, menstruation irregularity, hirsutism and infertility, and prevalent with cardiometabolic comorbidities, but population-based studies on the risk of developing coronary artery disease are limited. From claims data of the Taiwan National Health Insurance, we identified 8048 women with polycystic ovary syndrome aged 15-49 years newly diagnosed in 1998-2013, and 32192 women without the syndrome and CAD as controls, frequency matched by age and diagnosis date...
February 2, 2018: Oncotarget
Therina du Toit, Maria A Stander, Amanda C Swart
In the present study an ultra-performance convergence chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPC2 -MS/MS) analytical method was developed and validated for the determination of 17 C19 and 14 C21 steroids, including C11-oxy C19 and C11-oxy C21 steroids. The limit of detection and limit of quantification ranged from 0.01 to 10 ng/mL and from 0.01 to 20 ng/mL, respectively, and the method shows the recovery, matrix effect and process efficiency of steroids isolated from a serum matrix to be within acceptable limits...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Ewa Rzońca, Agnieszka Bień, Artur Wdowiak, Ryszard Szymański, Grażyna Iwanowicz-Palus
The purpose of the study was to assess the quality of life (QoL) and satisfaction with life (SwL) of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in comparison with those of healthy controls, and to identify and analyze factors determining QoL and SwL in women with PCOS. The cross-sectional study was performed between January and November 2016 in 504 women using health care services in Poland. The study group comprised women with PCOS, the control group women without PCOS. The study used a diagnostic survey with questionnaires...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Shermel Sherman, Nadeen Sarsour, Marziyeh Salehi, Allen Schroering, Blair Mell, Bina Joe, Jennifer W Hill
BACKGROUND: Conditions of excess androgen in women, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), often exhibit intergenerational transmission. One way in which the risk for PCOS may be increased in daughters of affected women is through exposure to elevated androgens in utero. Hyperandrogenemic conditions have serious health consequences, including increased risk for hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Recently, gut dysbiosis has been found to induce hypertension in rats, such that blood pressure can be normalized through fecal microbial transplant...
February 22, 2018: Gut Microbes
Leila Hadjadj, Szabolcs Várbíró, Eszter Mária Horváth, Anna Monori-Kiss, Éva Pál, Gellért Balázs Karvaly, Andrea Heinzlmann, Attila Magyar, István Szabó, Réka Eszter Sziva, Zoltán Benyó, Mariann Buday, György László Nádasy
Hyperandrogenic state in females is accompanied with metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance and vascular pathologies. A total of 67%-85% of hyperandrogenic women suffer also from vitamin D deficiency. We aimed to check a potential interplay between hyperandrogenism and vitamin D deficiency in producing insulin resistance and effects on coronary resistance arteries. Adolescent female rats were divided into four groups, 11-12 animals in each. Transdermal testosterone-treated and vehicle-treated animals were kept either on vitamin D-deficient or on vitamin D-supplemented diet for 8 weeks...
February 1, 2018: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
Mariona Jové, Irene Pradas, Alba Naudí, Susana Rovira-Llopis, Celia Bañuls, Milagros Rocha, Manuel Portero-Otin, Antonio Hernández-Mijares, Victor M Victor, Reinald Pamplona
Purpose: In this work, a non-targeted approach was used to unravel changes in the plasma lipidome of PCOS patients. The aim is to offer new insights in PCOS patients strictly selected in order to avoid confounding factors such as dyslipemia, obesity, altered glucose/insulin metabolism, cardiovascular disease, or cancer. Results: Multivariate statistics revealed a specific lipidomic signature for PCOS patients without associated pathologies. This signature implies changes, mainly by down-regulation, in glycerolipid, glycerophospholipid and sphingolipid metabolism suggesting an altered biosynthetic pathway of glycerophospholipids and cell signaling as second messengers in women with PCOS...
January 12, 2018: Oncotarget
Qingfang Han, Wenke Zhang, Jinlai Meng, Li Ma, Aihua Li
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disease characterized by hyperandrogenism, irregular menses, and polycystic ovaries. Several long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are aberrantly expressed in PCOS patients; however, little is known about the effects of the lncRNA-low expression in tumor (lncRNA-LET) on PCOS. We aimed to explore the effects of lncRNA-LET on human granulosa-like tumor cell line, KGN. METHODS: Expression of lncRNA-LET in normal IOSE80 cells and granulosa cells was determined by qRT-PCR...
February 9, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Ewa Czeczuga-Semeniuk, Marzenna Galar, Katarzyna Jarząbek, Piotr Kozłowski, Nela A Sarosiek, Sławomir Wołczyński
PURPOSE: We aimed to elucidate the frequency of the SNPs in the ADIPOQ, RBP4 and BCMO1genes in a population of Caucasian Polish women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and to evaluate the possible associations between these variants and the susceptibility to PCOS. Additionally, the relationship of these polymorphisms to a clinical phenotype of this syndrome, and the concentrations of adipokines, were determined. MATERIALS/METHODS: Clinical and biochemical profiles, DNA isolation and genotyping, and adipokine assays were performed in 294 PCOS women and 78 controls...
February 7, 2018: Advances in Medical Sciences
Sebastiao Freitas de Medeiros, Laura Camila Antunes Angelo, Matheus Antonio Souto de Medeiros, Camila Regis Banhara, Bruna Barcelo Barbosa, Marcia Marly Winck Yamamoto
Background: The aim of this study was to examine the role of C-peptide as a biological marker of cardiometabolic risk in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Methods: This case-control study enrolled 385 PCOS patients and 240 normal cycling women. Anthropometric and clinical variables were taken at first visit. Fasting C-peptide, glucose, lipids, and hormone measurements were performed. Simple and multiple correlations between C-peptide and other variables associated with dysmetabolism and cardiovascular disease were examined...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Cindy Meun, Oscar H Franco, Klodian Dhana, Loes Jaspers, Taulant Muka, Yvonne Louwers, M Arfan Ikram, Bart C J M Fauser, Maryam Kavousi, Joop S E Laven
Context: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is closely linked to hyperandrogenism. In PCOS, hyperandrogenism has been associated with metabolic disturbances which increase the risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Objective: To assess the association of high serum androgen levels, as a postmenopausal remnant of PCOS, with the prevalence of atherosclerosis and incidence of CVD in postmenopausal women. Design: The Rotterdam Study, a prospective population-based cohort study...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Meghna R Sebastian, Constance M Wiemann, Fida Bacha, Sharonda J Alston-Taylor
STUDY OBJECTIVE: A polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) diagnosis in adolescence can have significant long-term health implications. The criteria for its diagnosis in adolescents have been subject to much debate. This study aimed to characterize the variability in diagnosis and management among different pediatric specialties. DESIGN, SETTINGS, PARTICIPANTS, AND INTERVENTIONS: This is a retrospective review of electronic medical records of females (11 - 21 years old) who presented to three specialties (adolescent medicine (AM), pediatric endocrinology (ENDO), and gynecology (GYN)), with a post-visit diagnosis of PCOS, menstrual disorders, or hirsutism, at a large tertiary care center, from November 1, 2011- October 31, 2012...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Amani Ali Shaman, Hytham Bahaeldin Mukhtar, Hyder Osman Mirghani
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the commonest endocrine disorder at a reproductive age. It is associated with a high risk of metabolic syndrome (MS) and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Objective: To measure the prevalence of MS in women with PCOS and to assess the global cardiovascular risk (CVR) among them. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at King Khalid Hospital, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia during the period from February through December 2014...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
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