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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333890/cigarette-smoking-and-quit-attempts-among-latinos-in-substance-use-disorder-treatment
#1
Anna Pagano, Noah Gubner, Thao Le, Joseph Guydish
BACKGROUND: Differences in tobacco use behaviors have been identified between Latinos and non-Latino whites in the general US population. Little is known about cigarette smoking and quitting behaviors of Latinos in treatment for substance use disorders (SUDs), who represent two major tobacco-vulnerable groups. OBJECTIVES: To compare, in a national sample of persons enrolled in SUD treatment, demographic, drug use, and smoking and quitting prevalence and behaviors between Latinos and non-Latino whites...
January 15, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333640/comparing-mental-health-of-us-children-of-immigrants-and-non-immigrants-in-4-racial-ethnic-groups
#2
JaHun Kim, Semret Nicodimos, Siri E Kushner, Isaac C Rhew, Elizabeth McCauley, Ann Vander Stoep
BACKGROUND: To compare the mental health status of children of immigrant (COI) and non-immigrant (NI) parents and to determine whether differences in mental health status between COI and NI vary across 4 racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: We conducted universal mental health screening of 2374 sixth graders in an urban public school district. To screen, we administered well-validated adolescent depression and disruptive behavior problem questionnaires. We evaluated associations between child mental health, parent immigration status, and race/ethnicity using binomial regression...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333200/perceptions-of-mindfulness-in-a-low-income-primarily-african-american-treatment-seeking-sample
#3
Claire Adams Spears, Sean C Houchins, Wendy P Bamatter, Sandra Barrueco, Diana Stewart Hoover, Rokas Perskaudas
Individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) and members of racial/ethnic minority groups often experience profound disparities in mental health and physical well-being. Mindfulness-based interventions show promise for improving mood and health behaviors in higher-SES and non-Latino White populations. However, research is needed to explore what types of adaptations, if any, are needed to best support underserved populations. This study used qualitative methods to gain information about a) perceptions of mindfulness, b) experiences with meditation, c) barriers to practicing mindfulness, and d) recommendations for tailoring mindfulness-based interventions in a low-income, primarily African American treatment-seeking sample...
December 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332675/sleep-duration-and-incidence-of-type-2-diabetes-the-multiethnic-cohort
#4
Gertraud Maskarinec, Simone Jacobs, Yvette Amshoff, Veronica W Setiawan, Yurii B Shvetsov, Adrian A Franke, Laurence N Kolonel, Christopher A Haiman, Loïc Le Marchand
OBJECTIVES: As an emerging risk factor for the rising incidence of type 2 diabetes, we examined sleep duration in relation to type 2 diabetes and several biomarkers. DESIGN: Prospective cohort recruited 1993-1996. SETTING: The Multiethnic Cohort in Hawaii and California. PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of 151,691 White, African American, Japanese American, Native Hawaiian, and Latino participants; 9695 cohort members had biomarker measurements...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332490/the-oppression-of-latina-mothers-experiences-of-exploitation-violence-marginalization-cultural-imperialism-and-powerlessness-in-their-everyday-lives
#5
Cecilia Ayón, Jill T Messing, Maria Gurrola, Dellanira Valencia-Garcia
Despite Latinos being the largest growing population in the United States, research has not examined the impact of social structures on the well-being of Latina immigrants; negative social discourse and restrictive laws exacerbate inequality and discrimination in this population. Through combined inductive/deductive analysis of in-depth semistructured interviews, we examined immigrant Mexican mothers' ( N = 32) descriptions of oppression in the United States. All five forms of oppression, described in Young's oppression framework are evident: exploitation, violence, marginalization, cultural imperialism, and powerlessness...
October 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331482/genetic-basis-of-hearing-loss-in-spanish-hispanic-and-latino-populations
#6
REVIEW
Rahul Mittal, Amit P Patel, Desiree Nguyen, Debbie R Pan, Vasanti M Jhaveri, Jason R Rudman, Arjuna Dharmaraja, Denise Yan, Yong Feng, Prem Chapagain, David J Lee, Susan H Blanton, Xue Zhong Liu
Hearing loss (HL) is the most common neurosensory disorder affecting humans. The screening, prevention and treatment of HL require a better understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms. Genetic predisposition is one of the most common factors that leads to HL. Most HL studies include few Spanish, Hispanic and Latino participants, leaving a critical gap in our understanding about the prevalence, impact, unmet health care needs, and genetic factors associated with hearing impairment among Spanish, Hispanic and Latino populations...
January 10, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330555/performance-of-low-income-dual-language-learners-attending-english-only-schools-on-the-clinical-evaluation-of-language-fundamentals-fourth-edition-spanish
#7
Beatriz Barragan, Anny Castilla-Earls, Lourdes Martinez-Nieto, M Adelaida Restrepo, Shelley Gray
Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the performance of a group of Spanish-speaking, dual language learners (DLLs) who were attending English-only schools and came from low-income and low-parental education backgrounds on the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-Fourth Edition, Spanish (CELF-4S; Semel, Wiig, & Secord, 2006). Method: Spanish-speaking DLLs (N = 656), ages 5;0 (years;months) to 7;11, were tested for language impairment (LI) using the core language score of the CELF-4S and the English Structured Photographic Expressive Language Test (Dawson, Stout, & Eyer, 2003)...
January 12, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329436/development-of-the-place-based-adelante-social-marketing-campaign-for-prevention-of-substance-use-sexual-risk-and-violence-among-latino-immigrant-youth
#8
E L Andrade, W D Evans, N D Barrett, S D Cleary, M C Edberg, R D Alvayero, E C Kierstead, A Beltran
Immigrant Latino youth represent a high-risk subgroup that should be targeted with health promotion efforts. However, there are considerable barriers to engagement in health-related programming. Little is known about the engagement possibilities of social marketing campaigns and digital strategies for traditionally 'hard-to-reach' immigrants, underscoring the importance of testing these techniques with immigrant Latino adolescents. We developed and piloted a place-based social marketing campaign in coordination with the branded, Positive Youth Development-based (PYD) Adelante intervention targeting risk factors for co-occurring youth substance abuse, sexual risk and violence...
January 9, 2018: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327269/unfair-treatment-and-periodontitis-among-adults-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#9
Tracy L Finlayson, Hector Lemus, Karen Becerra, Linda M Kaste, Shirley M Beaver, Christian R Salazar, Richard H Singer, Marston E Youngblood
This study investigates how perceived unfair treatment, towards self and observed towards others due to ethnicity, is associated with periodontitis among diverse Hispanic/Latino adults, accounting for sociodemographic, health behavior, and acculturation factors. Baseline (2008-2011) dental and survey data from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL), a multicenter epidemiologic study, were analyzed (N = 12,750). Crude and adjusted prevalence ratios and confidence limits were estimated...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325891/fresh-fruit-and-vegetable-program-and-requests-for-fruits-and-vegetables-outside-school-settings
#10
Punam Ohri-Vachaspati, Elizabeth Dachenhaus, Jessie Gruner, Kristina Mollner, Eric B Hekler, Michael Todd
BACKGROUND: Consumption of fruits and vegetables (F/V) among elementary school-aged children remains inadequate, especially among low-income children. The US Department of Agriculture's Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program (FFVP) provides F/V as snacks to children during the school day, outside of school meals. School-based initiatives are successful in changing behaviors in school settings; however, their influence on behaviors outside of schools needs investigation. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether FFVP participation is associated with F/V requests at stores, self-efficacy to ask for and choose F/V at home, and F/V consumption...
January 8, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323831/biking-for-health-results-of-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-examining-the-impact-of-a-bicycling-intervention-on-lower-income-adults
#11
Rebecca Bernstein, Robert Schneider, Whitney Welch, Anne Dressel, Melissa DeNomie, Jennifer Kusch, Mirtha Sosa
INTRODUCTION: This pilot study tested the efficacy of a bicycling intervention targeting inactive, low-income, overweight adults on reducing perceived barriers to bicycling, increasing physical activity, and improving health. METHODS: A nonblinded 2-site randomized controlled trial was conducted in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in summer 2015. Participants included members from 1 largely Latino community and a second primarily African American neighborhood. A certified bicycling instructor led a 12-week bicycling intervention...
August 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319331/-simple-and-easy-providers-and-latinos-perceptions-of-the-fecal-immunochemical-test-fit-for-colorectal-cancer-screening
#12
Claudia X Aguado Loi, Dinorah Martinez Tyson, Enmanuel A Chavarria, Liliana Gutierrez, Lynne Klasko, Stacy Davis, Diana Lopez, Tracy Johns, Cathy D Meade, Clement K Gwede
OBJECTIVE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening efforts have effectively reduced CRC morbidity and mortality, yet screening remains relatively low among Latinos. The study's purpose was to document the awareness/knowledge of Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT) among Latinos, gain better understanding of patient and health care provider perceptions about FIT, and explore the feasibility of adoption/uptake. DESIGN/METHODS: The study was guided by qualitative, ethnography design and methods...
January 10, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318759/associations-of-sodium-and-potassium-with-obesity-measures-among-diverse-us-hispanic-latino-adults-results-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#13
Tali Elfassy, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Linda Van Horn, Marc Gellman, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Neil Schneiderman, Martha Daviglus, Jeannette M Beasley, Maria M Llabre, Pamela A Shaw, Guillermo Prado, Hermes Florez, Adina Zeki Al Hazzouri
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate cross-sectional associations of sodium and potassium with BMI, waist circumference (WC), and body fat and to determine whether the nativity and/or duration of United States (US) residence modified these associations. METHODS: Sodium and potassium were derived from 24-hour diet recalls from 16,156 US participants of the 2008 to 2011 Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) and from 24-hour urine in 447 HCHS/SOL participants...
January 10, 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316797/disparities-in-hiv-viral-load-suppression-by-race-ethnicity-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-hiv-outpatient-study
#14
Kate Buchacz, Carl Armon, E Tedaldi, Frank J Palella, Richard M Novak, Douglas Ward, Rachel Hart, Marcus Durham, John Brooks
INTRODUCTION: Maximizing the rates of virologic suppression (VS) among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) is essential to limiting HIV morbidity and sexual transmission of HIV in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed data for MSM of non-Hispanic white (white), non-Hispanic black (black) or Hispanic/Latino race/ethnicity in the HIV Outpatient Study (HOPS) at nine U.S. HIV clinics. VS (HIV RNA < 50 copies/mL) was measured closest to January 1, 2015...
January 9, 2018: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315110/stopping-the-rise-of-hiv-among-adolescents-globally
#15
Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus, Emily Davis, Roxana Rezai
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Adolescents, in particular those that are most disenfranchised, are increasingly at risk of acquiring HIV and, when acquiring HIV, have worse outcomes than adults. This article reviews the recent approaches to combination prevention aiming to optimize the HIV prevention and HIV treatment continua. RECENT FINDINGS: There are dramatic sociodemographic differences in the HIV epidemics in low and middle-income countries (young women in sub-Saharan Africa) compared with high-income countries (predominantly gay, bisexual, transgendered youth, especially black and Latino youth)...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314003/atopic-allergic-conditions-and-pancreatic-cancer-risk-results-from-the-multiethnic-cohort-study
#16
Brian Z Huang, Loic Le Marchand, Christopher A Haiman, Kristine R Monroe, Lynne R Wilkens, Zuo-Feng Zhang, Veronica Wendy Setiawan
Previous case-control studies have suggested that atopic allergic conditions (AACs) are inversely associated with pancreatic cancer, but this relationship has not been supported in many prospective settings. In this study, we investigated the influence of AACs (asthma, hay fever, or allergy) and the treatment of these conditions on pancreatic cancer risk among participants of the Multiethnic Cohort Study (MEC). AACs and antihistamine use were assessed via a baseline questionnaire when participants joined the MEC in 1993-1996...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313867/hpv-chlamydia-trachomatis-co-infection-metagenomic-analysis-of-cervical-microbiota-in-asymptomatic-women
#17
Marisa Di Pietro, Simone Filardo, Maria Grazia Porpora, Nadia Recine, Maria Agnese Latino, Rosa Sessa
HPV and Chlamydia trachomatis are the most common causes of sexually transmitted diseases worldwide. Most infections are asymptomatic and left untreated lead to severe reproductive tract sequelae such as cervical cancer and infertility. Interestingly, C. trachomatis may also increase the susceptibility to HPV infection as well as contribute to viral persistence. Recently, a growing body of evidence has suggested that the composition of the cervico-vaginal microbiota plays a key role in the susceptibility and outcome of genital infections caused by several pathogens, including HPV and C...
January 9, 2018: New Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308977/a-review-of-healthy-weight-behavior-maintenance-in-hispanic-women
#18
Daisy S Garcia
Healthy weight behavior maintenance is key to preventing overweight and obesity in Hispanic/Latino women, particularly for those who are more likely to be sedentary. In this paper, I review the intervention components used by various researchers for successful healthy weight behavior maintenance for Hispanic women. Randomized and experimental studies were located (N = 9) through computer and manual searches in identified articles dated between 1992 and 2015. The methodological characteristics and components of the intervention studies were analyzed systematically...
January 8, 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308724/the-latino-immigrants-experience-in-obtaining-required-childhood-vaccinations
#19
Barbara S deRose
INTRODUCTION: Alarming increases in childhood disease outbreaks present particular threats to children of immigrants in the United States. The researcher explores issues Latino immigrants experience when vaccinating their children in U.S. health care system. METHODOLOGY: A purposive sample of 11 Latino immigrants who sought immunizations for their foreign-born children during their first 5 years in the United States was obtained. Interview questions, probes, and data collection methods were based on interpretive phenomenology...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308436/effect-of-personal-activity-trackers-on-weight-loss-in-families-enrolled-in-a-comprehensive-behavioral-family-lifestyle-intervention-program-in-the-federally-qualified-health-center-setting-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Juan Espinoza, Alexander Chen, Jazminne Orozco, Alexis Deavenport-Saman, Larry Yin
Background: Childhood obesity continues to be a substantial problem despite major public health efforts, and disproportionately impacts children from low-income families. Digital health tools and consumer technology offer promising opportunities for interventions, but few studies have evaluated how they might be incorporated into existing interventions or used to create new types of interventions. It remains unclear which approaches would be most beneficial for underserved pediatric populations...
September 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
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