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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913995/adenoma-prevalence-and-distribution-among-us-latino-subgroups-undergoing-screening-colonoscopy
#1
Sumedha V Chablani, Lina Jandorf, Katherine DuHamel, Kristen K Lee, Pathu Sriphanlop, Cristina Villagra, Steven H Itzkowitz
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading malignancy diagnosed among US Latinos. Latinos in the USA represent a heterogeneous amalgam of subgroups varying in genetic background, culture, and socioeconomic status. Little is known about the frequency of CRC precursor lesions found at screening colonoscopy among Latino subgroups. AIM: The aim was to determine the prevalence and distribution of histologically confirmed adenomas found at screening colonoscopy among average-risk, asymptomatic US Latinos according to their subgroup and socio-demographic background...
December 2, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913691/exploring-the-chronic-illness-experience-of-rural-dwelling-latinos-of-mexican-origin
#2
Anissa Guzman
INTRODUCTION: Chronic illness is a complex and ever-growing phenomenon that is affecting millions of Americans every day, and it is disproportionately experienced by Latinos of Mexican origin. METHOD: In this quantitative study, the specific aims were to evaluate perceptions of chronic illness(es), locus of control (health and God), health status, and cultural orientation of rural-dwelling Latinos of Mexican origin in Colorado who have one or more chronic illnesses and to explore the relationships existing between these concepts...
December 2016: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906906/vital-signs-trends-in-hiv-diagnoses-risk-behaviors-and-prevention-among-persons-who-inject-drugs-united-states
#3
Cyprian Wejnert, Kristen L Hess, H Irene Hall, Michelle Van Handel, Demorah Hayes, Paul Fulton, Qian An, Linda J Koenig, Joseph Prejean, Linda A Valleroy
BACKGROUND: Persons who inject drugs (PWID) are at increased risk for poor health outcomes and bloodborne infections, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C virus and hepatitis B virus infections. Although substantial progress has been made in reducing HIV infections among PWID, recent changes in drug use could challenge this success. METHODS: CDC used National HIV Surveillance System data to analyze trends in HIV diagnoses. Further, National HIV Behavioral Surveillance interviews of PWID in 22 cities were analyzed to describe risk behaviors and use of prevention services among all PWID and among PWID who first injected drugs during the 5 years before their interview (new PWID)...
December 2, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900817/community-based-participatory-research-an-innovative-approach-for-improving-perioperative-care-of-underserved-children
#4
Alvina Rosales, Michelle A Fortier, Belinda Campos, Marla Vivero, Ariana Martinez, Nancy Huerta, Sheeva Zolghadr, Kathleen Adlard, Zeev N Kain
Pediatric disparities disproportionately affect Latino youth undergoing surgery and their families. As such, there is a critical need for culturally relevant frameworks that can advance perioperative intervention approaches in this population and reduce these disparities. In the following article, we first describe the methodological process of community-based participatory research (CBPR) and next report the results of the CBPR process that was conducted in this population. An interdisciplinary group of investigators, Latina mothers, and various other stakeholders met for a series of CBPR-based structured meetings...
November 30, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900206/esmo-magnitude-of-clinical-benefit-scale-v-1-0-questions-and-answers
#5
REVIEW
N I Cherny, R Sullivan, U Dafni, J M Kerst, A Sobrero, C Zielinski, M J Piccart, J Bogaerts, J Tabernero, N J Latino, E G E de Vries
The ESMO Magnitude of Clinical Benefit Scale (ESMO-MCBS) is a standardised, generic, validated tool to stratify the magnitude of clinical benefit that can be anticipated from anticancer therapies. The ESMO-MCBS is intended to both assist oncologists in explaining the likely benefits of a particular treatment to their patients as well as to aid public health decision makers' prioritise therapies for reimbursement. From its inception the ESMO-MCBS Working Group has invited questions and critiques to promote understanding and to address misunderstandings regarding the nuanced use of the scale, and to identify shortcomings in the scale to be addressed in future planned revisions and updates...
2016: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899688/source-of-sex-information-and-condom-use-intention-among-latino-adolescents
#6
Jillian S Eversole, Nancy F Berglas, Julianna Deardorff, Norman A Constantine
Adolescence is a common time for sexual initiation and information seeking about sexual health, yet little is known about how adolescents' sources of information about sex influence their sexual beliefs and behaviors. This is particularly true for Latino adolescents, whose sources of sex information and sexual behaviors are vastly understudied. A survey of ninth-grade Latino adolescents (N = 1,186) was employed to examine the relationship between adolescents' primary source of sex information and their intention to use condoms...
November 29, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896669/detection-of-autoantibodies-to-dsf70-ledgfp75-in-mexican-hispanics-using-multiple-complementary-assay-platforms
#7
Mónica Vázquez-Del Mercado, Eduardo Gómez-Bañuelos, Rosa Elena Navarro-Hernández, Oscar Pizano-Martinez, Adan Saldaña-Millán, Efrain Chavarria-Avila, Lorena Gonzalez-Rosas, Lilia Andrade-Ortega, Miguel Angel Saavedra, Olga Lidia Vera-Lastra, Luis Javier Jara, Gabriel Medrano-Ramírez, Claudia Cruz-Reyes, Ignacio García-De la Torre, Marta Escarra-Senmarti, Lisiane Maria Enriconi-Dos Anjos, Anamika Basu, Roger Albesa, Michael Mahler, Carlos A Casiano
PURPOSE: Antinuclear autoantibodies (ANA) targeting the dense fine speckled antigen DFS70, also known as lens epithelium-derived growth factor p75 (LEDGF/p75), are attracting attention due to their low frequency in systemic rheumatic diseases but increased frequency in clinical laboratory referrals and healthy individuals (HI). These ANA specifically recognize the stress protein DFS70/LEDGFp75, implicated in cancer, HIV-AIDS, and inflammation. While their frequency has been investigated in various ethnic populations, there is little information on their frequency among Hispanics/Latinos...
December 2017: Auto- Immunity Highlights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893238/does-anger-regulation-mediate-the-discrimination-mental-health-link-among-mexican-origin-adolescents-a-longitudinal-mediation-analysis-using-multilevel-modeling
#8
Irene J K Park, Lijuan Wang, David R Williams, Margarita Alegría
Although prior research has consistently documented the association between racial/ethnic discrimination and poor mental health outcomes, the mechanisms that underlie this link are still unclear. The present 3-wave longitudinal study tested the mediating role of anger regulation in the discrimination-mental health link among 269 Mexican-origin adolescents (Mage = 14.1 years, SD = 1.6; 57% girls), 12 to 17 years old. Three competing anger regulation variables were tested as potential mediators: outward anger expression, anger suppression, and anger control...
November 28, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889691/development-of-a-culturally-competent-service-to-improve-academic-functioning-for-latino-survivors-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-methodological-considerations
#9
Laura Bava, Alexis Johns, David R Freyer, Kathleen Ruccione
Many survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) develop neurocognitive deficits that compromise academic functioning, especially in the presence of sociodemographic risk factors. The extent to which these risk factors coexist for Latino ALL survivors is not well described, but with shifts in U.S. demographics and improved survival in ALL, culturally competent interventions are needed. The Achieving Best Cognitive Successes after Cancer service was designed and implemented by a team representing nursing, medicine, psychology, and social work...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888639/association-between-body-mass-index-and-salivary-uric-acid-among-mexican-origin-infants-youth-and-adults-gender-and-developmental-differences
#10
Airín D Martínez, Lillian Ruelas, Douglas A Granger
Uric acid (UA) is the end product of the metabolic breakdown of purine nucleotides. Recent studies have measured UA in saliva in relation to obesity and chronic disease risk. Given the increasing prevalence of metabolic syndrome among Latino youth, we examined gender and age differences in salivary uric acid (sUA) and weight in a sample of Mexican-origin children (n = 65, 2 months to 18 years, 49% female) and adults (n = 46, 19-58 years, 72% female). We measured weight, height, waist, and hip circumference and collected saliva samples (later assayed for sUA)...
November 26, 2016: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888471/the-role-of-incarceration-and-reentry-on-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-formerly-incarcerated-black-and-hispanic-latino-men-in-new-york-city
#11
Anibal Cortes, Cristina Villagra, Suky Martinez, Vir Patel, Lina Jandorf
In the USA, the rate of incarceration has steadily increased from 1980 to 2010, a period called mass incarceration. Incarcerated individuals are now leaving the jail system in large numbers, the majority of whom are returning to low-income and Black and Hispanic-Latino communities. Although highly preventable, colorectal cancer (CRC) is a significant risk for minority and underserved men over the age of 50. Black men have the highest CRC incidence and mortality rates, which can be prevented and treated effectively when detected early, especially via colonoscopy...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888378/interactive-effect-of-immigration-related-factors-with-legal-and-discrimination-acculturative-stress-in-predicting-depression-among-asian-american-immigrants
#12
Shipra Singh, Amy Jo Schulz, Harold W Neighbors, Derek M Griffith
This study examined the impact of discrimination and legal acculturative stress on Major Depression Episode lifetime among Asian American immigrants. It further examined the role of immigration related-factors (age at immigration, reason for immigration, and years spent in the U.S.) on the relationship of acculturative stress and Major Depression Episode lifetime. The National Latino and Asian American Study 2002-2003 dataset was used. The study findings were: (1) high discrimination and legal acculturative stress were associated with Major Depression Episode lifetime; (2) age at immigration buffered the relationship of discrimination acculturative stress and Major Depression Episode lifetime as well as the relationship of legal acculturative stress and Major Depression Episode lifetime; and (3) years spent in the U...
November 25, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888090/rationale-and-design-of-mi-care-the-mile-square-colorectal-cancer-screening-awareness-and-referral-and-education-project
#13
Joanna Buscemi, Yazmin San Miguel, Lisa Tussing-Humphreys, Elizabeth A Watts, Marian L Fitzgibbon, Karriem Watson, Robert A Winn, Kameron L Matthews, Yamile Molina
Although colorectal cancer (CRC) is largely preventable through identification of pre-cancerous polyps through various screening modalities, morbidity and mortality rates remain a challenge, especially in African-American, Latino, low-income and uninsured/underinsured patients. Barriers to screening include cost, access to health care facilities, lack of recommendation to screen, and psychosocial factors such as embarrassment, fear of the test, anxiety about testing preparation and fear of a cancer diagnosis...
November 22, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887992/does-elevated-progesterone-on-day-of-oocyte-maturation-play-a-role-in-the-racial-disparities-in-ivf-outcomes
#14
Micah J Hill, G Donald Royster, Mansi Taneja, Mae Wu Healy, Shvetha M Zarek, Alicia Y Christy, Alan H DeCherney, Eric Widra, Kate Devine
The aim of this study was to evaluate if premature progesterone elevation on the last day of assisted reproduction technique stimulation contributes to racial disparities. A total of 3289 assisted reproduction technique cycles were evaluated in Latino, Asian, African American, and white women. Live birth was more likely in white women (42.6%) compared with Asian (34.8%) and African American women (36.3%), but was similar to Latino women (40.7%). In all racial groups, progesterone was negatively associated with live birth and the negative effect of progesterone persisted when adjusting for confounders...
November 16, 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885049/residential-segregation-and-mental-health-among-latinos-in-a-nationally-representative-survey
#15
Carrie J Nobles, Sarah E Valentine, E David Zepeda, Ye Wang, Emily M Ahles, Derri L Shtasel, Luana Marques
BACKGROUND: Among Latinos, living in a locality with greater Latino ethnic density may be protective for mental health, although findings vary by Latino subgroup, gender and birthplace. Although little studied, Latino residential segregation may capture different pathways linking risk and protective environmental factors to mental health than local ethnic density. METHODS: This study evaluated the association between residential segregation and mental distress as measured by the Kessler-10 (K10) among Latino participants in the National Latino and Asian American Study (NLAAS)...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884300/teen-preferences-for-clinic-based-behavior-screens-who-where-when-and-how
#16
Carolyn Bradner Jasik, Mark Berna, Maria Martin, Elizabeth M Ozer
PURPOSE: Previous research examining computer-based adolescent risk behavior screening was done before widespread adoption of smartphones and merits updating. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey among 115 adolescents seeking primary care age 12-18 years. It is a diverse sample with 59% female, 51% white, 18% African-American, and 27% Latino. Respondents were asked level of comfort and honesty (1 = strongly disagree, 5 = strongly agree) when answering health behavior questions by paper, interview, or electronic device...
December 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879297/addressing-the-mental-health-needs-of-latino-children-in-immigrant-families
#17
Tania Maria Caballero, Lisa Ross DeCamp, Rheanna E Platt, Harita Shah, Sara B Johnson, Erica M S Sibinga, Sarah Polk
Latino children in the United States, whether immigrants themselves or children in immigrant families, are at high risk for mental health disorders stemming from poverty, exposure to trauma, assimilation stressors, and discrimination. The timely identification and treatment of mental health disorders in Latino children are compromised by limited healthcare access and quality as well as the lack of routine mental health screening in pediatric primary care. Here we review Spanish-language validity and implementation studies of Bright Futures previsit mental health screening tools and models of care...
November 21, 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876038/parental-perception-of-built-environment-characteristics-and-built-environment-use-among-latino-families-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
William J Heerman, Stephanie J Mitchell, Jessica Thompson, Nina C Martin, Evan C Sommer, Margaret van Bakergem, Julie Lounds Taylor, Maciej S Buchowski, Shari L Barkin
BACKGROUND: Perception of undesirable features may inhibit built environment use for physical activity among underserved families with children at risk for obesity. METHODS: To examine the association of perceived availability, condition, and safety of the built environment with its self-reported use for physical activity, we conducted a cross-sectional analysis on baseline data from a randomized controlled trial. Adjusted Poisson regression was used to test the association between the primary independent variables (perceived availability, physical condition, and safety) with the primary outcome of self-reported use of built environment structures...
November 22, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870523/leadership-lessons-from-communities-of-color-stewardship-and-collective-action
#19
Juana Bordas
This chapter proposes a multicultural leadership model that reflects practices and principles from Black, Latino, and American Indian communities.
December 2016: New Directions for Student Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869046/latino-mothers-beliefs-about-child-weight-and-family-health
#20
Suzanna M Martinez, Kyung E Rhee, Estela Blanco, Kerri Boutelle
OBJECTIVE: There is a need to address cultural beliefs and parenting practices regarding childhood obesity to design effective weight-control programmes for overweight/obese US Latino children. The purpose of the current study was to explore cultural beliefs about children's weight, understand parent perceptions on feeding their children, and explore barriers that interfere with a healthy lifestyle. DESIGN: Four focus groups were conducted in Spanish with forty-one Latino mothers of elementary school-age children from San Diego County, California between April and May 2011...
November 21, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
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