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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324794/the-socio-political-context-of-migration-and-reproductive-health-disparities-the-case-of-early-sexual-initiation-among-mexican-origin-immigrant-young-women
#1
Kate Coleman-Minahan
Prior research often explains the lower risk of early sexual initiation among foreign-born Mexican-origin young women by a patriarchal and sexually conservative "traditional Latino culture." This definition overlooks structural factors such as exploitation of migrant workers, and conflates gender inequality and sexual expectations. I use an intersectional framework and the theory of gender and power to explore how gender inequality and sexual expectations are both influenced by structural factors and affect reproductive health outcomes...
March 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323826/apoe-related-risk-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-for-prevention-trials-an-analysis-of-four-cohorts
#2
Jing Qian, Frank J Wolters, Alexa Beiser, Mary Haan, M Arfan Ikram, Jason Karlawish, Jessica B Langbaum, John M Neuhaus, Eric M Reiman, J Scott Roberts, Sudha Seshadri, Pierre N Tariot, Beth McCarty Woods, Rebecca A Betensky, Deborah Blacker
BACKGROUND: With the onset of prevention trials for individuals at high risk for Alzheimer disease, there is increasing need for accurate risk prediction to inform study design and enrollment, but available risk estimates are limited. We developed risk estimates for the incidence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia among cognitively unimpaired individuals by APOE-e4 dose for the genetic disclosure process of the Alzheimer's Prevention Initiative Generation Study, a prevention trial in cognitively unimpaired APOE-e4/e4 homozygote individuals...
March 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319246/estimated-perinatal-hiv-infection-among-infants-born-in-the-united-states-2002-2013
#3
Allan W Taylor, Steven R Nesheim, Xinjian Zhang, Ruiguang Song, Lauren F FitzHarris, Margaret A Lampe, Paul J Weidle, Patricia Sweeney
Importance: Perinatal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be reduced through services including antiretroviral treatment and prophylaxis. Data on the national incidence of perinatal HIV transmission and missed prevention opportunities are needed to monitor progress toward elimination of mother-to-child HIV transmission. Objective: To estimate the number of perinatal HIV cases among infants born in the United States. Design, Setting, and Participants: Data were obtained from the National HIV Surveillance System on infants with HIV born in the United States (including the District of Columbia) and their mothers between 2002 and 2013 (reported through December 31, 2015)...
March 20, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319006/high-rates-of-severe-hypoglycemia-among-african-american-patients-with-diabetes-the-surveillance-prevention-and-management-of-diabetes-mellitus-supreme-dm-network
#4
Andrew J Karter, Kasia J Lipska, Patrick J O'Connor, Jennifer Y Liu, Howard H Moffet, Emily B Schroeder, Jean M Lawrence, Gregory A Nichols, Katherine M Newton, Ram D Pathak, Jay Desai, Beth Waitzfelder, Melissa G Butler, Abraham Thomas, John F Steiner
AIMS: Seven-year surveillance study (2005-2011) to evaluate race/ethnic differences in the trends in rates of severe hypoglycemia (SH) in a population of insured, at-risk adults with diabetes. METHODS: SH events were identified via any primary or principal diagnosis from emergency department or inpatient encounters among African American, Asian, Latino and White adult diabetes patients treated with insulin or secretagogues (Sulfonylureas or Meglitinides), receiving care from integrated healthcare delivery systems across the United States...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318760/from-undocumented-to-lawfully-present-do-changes-to-legal-status-impact-psychological-wellbeing-among-latino-immigrant-young-adults
#5
Caitlin Patler, Whitney Laster Pirtle
Exclusionary immigration policies, as a form of structural racism, have led to a sizeable undocumented population that is largely barred from access to resources in the United States. Existing research suggests that undocumented immigration status detrimentally impacts mobility, yet few studies have tested the impacts of legal status on psychological wellbeing. Most importantly, we know little about how changes to legal status impact wellbeing. Announced in 2012, the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program allows eligible undocumented youth to apply for temporary lawful status...
March 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318465/lunch-at-the-library-examination-of-a-community-based-approach-to-addressing-summer-food-insecurity
#6
Janine S Bruce, Monica M De La Cruz, Gala Moreno, Lisa J Chamberlain
OBJECTIVE: To examine a library-based approach to addressing food insecurity through a child and adult summer meal programme. The study examines: (i) risk of household food insecurity among participants; (ii) perspectives on the library meal programme; and (iii) barriers to utilizing other community food resources. DESIGN: Quantitative surveys with adult participants and qualitative semi-structured interviews with a sub-sample of adult participants. SETTING: Ten libraries using public and private funding to serve meals to children and adults for six to eight weeks in low-income Silicon Valley communities (California, USA) during summer 2015...
March 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318325/emergent-life-events-during-youth-evidence-based-treatment-impact-on-future-provider-adherence-and-clinical-progress
#7
Karen Guan, Alayna L Park, Bruce F Chorpita
Emergent life events (ELEs)-unexpected stressors disclosed in psychotherapy that have a significant negative impact on the client-commonly occur in community populations of youth and are associated with decreased provider adherence to evidence-based treatment (EBT) in session. The present study extends previous research by examining longer term associations of ELEs with (a) provider adherence to planned EBT practices in subsequent sessions and (b) clinical progress. Data were drawn from the modular EBT condition (MATCH) of the Child STEPs California trial conducted with primarily Latino youth, ages 5-15, who were 54% male (Chorpita et al...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317385/does-perceived-safety-modify-the-effectiveness-of-a-walking-group-intervention-designed-to-promote-physical-activity
#8
Jamila L Kwarteng, Amy J Schulz, Graciela B Mentz, Barbara A Israel, Trina R Shanks, Denise White Perkins
PURPOSE: To examine whether perceived safety modified the effectiveness of the Walk Your Heart to Health (WYHH) intervention in promoting physical activity and reducing central adiposity in predominantly non-Latino black (henceforth black) and Latino communities. DESIGN: Generalized estimation equations were used to assess modifying effects of perceived safety on the route and perceived neighborhood safety on (1) WYHH participation at 8 weeks and 32 weeks, (2) associations between participation and physical activity, and (3) associations between physical activity and central adiposity...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317037/the-role-of-familismo-and-acculturation-as-moderators-of-the-association-between-family-conflict-and-substance-abuse-on-latino-adult-males
#9
Roberto Lopez-Tamayo, Alexa Seda, Leonard A Jason
The significant research gap on Latino adults who completed substance abuse treatment (SAT) impacts the provision of substance use prevention and treatment for this population. Given the need for culturally-appropriate SAT for Latinos, research that examines the role of cultural constructs and acculturation in relation to substance use behavior is warranted. The purpose of the present study is to test, based on the social control theory, a multiple moderation model using the PROCESS macro(1) to examine the moderating effect of Familismo on the association between history of family conflict and years of substance abuse on Latino males who completed SAT at different levels of acculturation (i...
August 2016: Public Health (Fairfax)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316911/electronic-media-time-and-sedentary-behaviors-in-children-findings-from-the-built-environment-and-active-play-study-in-the-washington-dc-area
#10
Jennifer D Roberts, Lindsey Rodkey, Rashawn Ray, Brandon Knight, Brian E Saelens
An objective of the Built Environment and Active Play (BEAP) Study was to examine whether home built environment, bedroom electronic presence, parental rules and demographics predicted children's sedentary behavior (SB). In 2014, BEAP Study questionnaires were mailed to 2000 parents of children (7-12 years) within the Washington DC area. SB-Duration (hours/day) and SB-Frequency (days/week) were assessed by two questions with multiple subparts relating to SB activity type (e.g. car riding) and SB companionship (e...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316359/family-matters-promoting-the-academic-adaptation-of-latino-youth-in-new-and-established-destination
#11
Lisa Spees, Krista M Perreira, Andrew Fuligni
As primary agents of socialization, families and schools can powerfully shape the academic adaptation of youth. Using data from the SIAA studies, we compare the family and school environments of Latino high school seniors living in a new destination, North Carolina, with those living in an established destination, Los Angeles. We then evaluate how family and school environments influence their educational aspirations, expectations, and performance. We find that parents' achievement expectations promote Latino youths' academic success while perceived future family obligations inhibit them...
March 2017: Journal of Family Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302101/preventing-diabetes-in-obese-latino-youth-with-prediabetes-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Erica G Soltero, Yolanda P Konopken, Micah L Olson, Colleen S Keller, Felipe G Castro, Allison N Williams, Donald L Patrick, Stephanie Ayers, Houchun H Hu, Matthew Sandoval, Janiel Pimentel, William C Knowler, Kevin D Frick, Gabriel Q Shaibi
BACKGROUND: Obese Latino adolescents are disproportionately impacted by insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes is an intermediate stage in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes and represents a critical opportunity for intervention. However, to date, no diabetes prevention studies have been conducted in obese Latino youth with prediabetes, a highly vulnerable and underserved group. Therefore, we propose a randomized-controlled trial to test the short-term (6-month) and long-term (12-month) efficacy of a culturally-grounded, lifestyle intervention, as compared to usual care, for improving glucose tolerance and reducing diabetes risk in 120 obese Latino adolescents with prediabetes...
March 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301179/a-meta-analysis-of-self-monitoring-on-reading-performance-of-k-12-students
#13
Guadalupe Guzman, Taryn S Goldberg, H Lee Swanson
The published single-case design (SCD) research (N = 19 articles) on self-monitoring and reading performance was synthesized. The following inclusion criteria were used: (a) the study must have been peer-reviewed, (b) implemented an intervention targeting student self-monitoring of reading skills, (c) included data on at least 1 reading outcome, (d) included visual representation of the data, and (f) the study must have used an SCD to assess the topic of interest. A total of 67 participants, 45 males and 22 females, ranging in age from 7:8 -18:7 were included in the current meta-analysis...
March 16, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300201/identification-of-a-novel-locus-associated-with-skin-colour-in-african-admixed-populations
#14
Natalia Hernandez-Pacheco, Carlos Flores, Santos Alonso, Celeste Eng, Angel C Y Mak, Scott Hunstman, Donglei Hu, Marquitta J White, Sam S Oh, Kelley Meade, Harold J Farber, Pedro C Avila, Denise Serebrisky, Shannon M Thyne, Emerita Brigino-Buenaventura, William Rodriguez-Cintron, Saunak Sen, Rajesh Kumar, Michael Lenoir, Jose R Rodriguez-Santana, Esteban G Burchard, Maria Pino-Yanes
Skin pigmentation is a complex trait that varies largely among populations. Most genome-wide association studies of this trait have been performed in Europeans and Asians. We aimed to uncover genes influencing skin colour in African-admixed individuals. We performed a genome-wide association study of melanin levels in 285 Hispanic/Latino individuals from Puerto Rico, analyzing 14 million genetic variants. A total of 82 variants with p-value ≤1 × 10(-5) were followed up in 373 African Americans. Fourteen single nucleotide polymorphisms were replicated, of which nine were associated with skin colour at genome-wide significance in a meta-analysis across the two studies...
March 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288073/association-of-the-affordable-care-act-with-smoking-and-tobacco-treatment-utilization-among-adults-newly-enrolled-in-health-care
#15
Kelly C Young-Wolff, Daniella Klebaner, Cynthia I Campbell, Constance Weisner, Derek D Satre, Alyce S Adams
OBJECTIVES: To examine rates of smoking and tobacco treatment utilization by insurance coverage status (Medicaid, commercial, exchange) among newly enrolled patients in the post Affordable Care Act (ACA) era. METHODS: We examined new members who enrolled in Kaiser Permanente Northern California through Medicaid, the California exchange, or nonexchange commercial plans (N=122,298) in the first 6 months of 2014 following ACA implementation. We compared these groups on smoking prevalence and tested whether smokers in each group differed on sociodemographic characteristics and in their utilization of tobacco treatment (pharmacotherapy and counseling) in 2014...
March 10, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284748/sexual-and-behavioral-health-disparities-among-sexual-minority-hispanics-latinos-findings-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2014
#16
Omar Martinez, Ji Hyun Lee, Frank Bandiera, E Karina Santamaria, Ethan C Levine, Don Operario
INTRODUCTION: Hispanics/Latinos (henceforth, Latinos) are the largest minority group in the U.S. With growing health disparities among this group, the highest burden remains among sexual and gender minority Latinos. Differences regarding sexual orientation have not been fully explored within this group using national representative samples. This study analyzed sexual and behavioral health disparities associated with sexual minority status among Latinos in the U.S. METHODS: The study included data from 5,598 Latino adults who participated in the 2001-2014 waves of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
March 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277731/impostor-feelings-as-a-moderator-and-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-perceived-discrimination-and-mental-health-among-racial-ethnic-minority-college-students
#17
Kevin Cokley, Leann Smith, Donte Bernard, Ashley Hurst, Stacey Jackson, Steven Stone, Olufunke Awosogba, Chastity Saucer, Marlon Bailey, Davia Roberts
This study investigated whether impostor feelings would both moderate and mediate the relationship between perceived discrimination and mental health in a sample of diverse ethnic minority college students (106 African Americans, 102 Asian Americans, 108 Latino/a Americans) at an urban public university. African American students reported higher perceived discrimination than Asian American and Latino/a American students, while no racial/ethnic group differences were reported for impostor feelings. Analyses revealed that among African American students, high levels of impostor feelings moderated the perceived discrimination and depression relationship and mediated the perceived discrimination and anxiety relationship...
March 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277687/subjective-social-status-and-rumination-in-relation-to-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-and-psychopathology-among-economically-disadvantaged-latinos-in-primary-care
#18
David C Talavera, Daniel J Paulus, Monica Garza, Melissa Ochoa-Perez, Chad Lemaire, Jeanette Valdivieso, Daniel Bogiaizian, Zuzuky Robles, Jafar Bakhshaie, Kara Manning, Rheeda Walker, Michael Businelle, Michael J Zvolensky
The present investigation examined the interactive effects of subjective social status and rumination in relation to anxiety/depressive symptoms and psychopathology among 276 Latinos (82% female; Mage = 39.2, SD = 11.1; 97.0% reported Spanish as first language) who attended a community-based primary health care clinic. Results indicated that the interaction between rumination and subjective social status was significantly associated with depression (B = -.04, t = -3.52, p < .001, 95% CI [-.06, -.02]), social anxiety (B = -...
March 9, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277029/physical-psychiatric-comorbidity-patterns-and-explanations-for-ethnic-group-differences
#19
Christy L Erving
OBJECTIVE: This paper examines ethnic differences in the co-occurrence of physical and psychiatric health problems (physical-psychiatric comorbidity) for women and men. The following ethnic groups are included: Non-Latino Whites, African Americans, Caribbean Blacks, Spanish Caribbean Blacks, Mexicans, Cubans, Puerto Ricans, Other Latinos, Chinese, Filipinos, Vietnamese, and Other Asian Americans. In addition, the study assesses the extent to which social factors (socioeconomic status, stress exposure, social support) account for ethnic differences in physical-psychiatric comorbidity (PPC)...
February 7, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277024/structural-social-support-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-hispanic-latino-adults-with-diabetes-results-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#20
Rosalba Hernandez, Mercedes Carnethon, Aida L Giachello, Frank J Penedo, Donghong Wu, Orit Birnbaum-Weitzman, Rebeca Espinoza Giacinto, Linda C Gallo, Carmen R Isasi, Neil Schneiderman, Yanping Teng, Donglin Zeng, Martha L Daviglus
OBJECTIVE(S): Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have yielded inconsistent findings on the associations of social support networks with cardiovascular health in Hispanic/Latino adults with diabetes. We examined the cross-sectional associations of structural social support and traditional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in a diverse sample of Hispanic/Latino adults with diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This analysis included 2994 adult participants ages 18-74 with diabetes from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL - 2008-2011)...
February 23, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
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