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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633750/evaluating-cultural-competency-and-patient-satisfaction-in-an-urban-dermatology-clinic
#1
Jordan V Wang, Nicholas Ross, Matthew Keller
Cultural competency continues to gain increased attention in medicine. Not only does it play a significant role in the delivery of health care and patient outcomes, but it also remains a major determinant of patient satisfaction. This study investigated how patients in an urban dermatology clinic rated their satisfaction with cultural competency. Compared to White patients, satisfaction scores were greater for Hispanic or Latino patients and less for Asian patients, while there was no significant difference for Black or African American patients...
June 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632802/diversity-in-dermatology-a-society-devoted-to-skin-of-color
#2
Jacob Subash, Rechelle Tull, Amy McMichael
The US Census Bureau predicts that more than half of the country's population will identify as a race other than non-Hispanic white by the year 2044. Racial disparities also exist in the physician population where black individuals and Latinos are underrepresented. The Skin of Color Society (SOCS) was established to address the need for parity among dermatology patients with skin of color. The society provides educational support on dermatologic health related to skin of color and functions through committees that represent the multifaceted aspects of the organization...
May 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632096/racial-ethnic-differences-in-life-course-heavy-drinking-from-adolescence-to-midlife
#3
Nina Mulia, Tammy W Tam, Jason Bond, Sarah E Zemore, Libo Li
Information on heavy drinking over the life course might help to explain racial/ethnic disparities in alcohol-related problems, morbidity, and mortality. Using data from the 2009-2010 U.S. National Alcohol Survey (n = 3,026), we analyzed retrospective decades-based measures of heavy drinking during respondents' teens, 20s, 30s, and 40s. Results indicate that Latino men and African American women have greater risk for persistent-high (vs. declining) heavy-drinking trajectories than Caucasian men and women, and that socioeconomic disadvantage partly accounts for this disparity in women...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631304/when-and-how-do-students-benefit-from-ethnic-diversity-in-middle-school
#4
Jaana Juvonen, Kara Kogachi, Sandra Graham
The effects of school-based ethnic diversity on student well-being and race-related views were examined during the first year in middle school. To capture the dynamic nature of ethnic exposure, diversity was assessed both at the school-level (n = 26) and based on academic course enrollments of African American, Asian, Latino, and White students (n = 4,302; M = 11.33 years). Across all four pan-ethnic groups, school-level ethnic diversity was associated with lower sense of vulnerability (i.e., feeling safer, less victimized, and less lonely) as well as perceptions of teachers' fair and equal treatment of ethnic groups and lower out-group distance...
June 20, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630338/self-affirmation-facilitates-minority-middle-schoolers-progress-along-college-trajectories
#5
J Parker Goyer, Julio Garcia, Valerie Purdie-Vaughns, Kevin R Binning, Jonathan E Cook, Stephanie L Reeves, Nancy Apfel, Suzanne Taborsky-Barba, David K Sherman, Geoffrey L Cohen
Small but timely experiences can have long-term benefits when their psychological effects interact with institutional processes. In a follow-up of two randomized field experiments, a brief values affirmation intervention designed to buffer minority middle schoolers against the threat of negative stereotypes had long-term benefits on college-relevant outcomes. In study 1, conducted in the Mountain West, the intervention increased Latino Americans' probability of entering a college readiness track rather than a remedial one near the transition to high school 2 y later...
June 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629931/fathers-feeding-practices-and-children-s-weight-status-in-mexican-american-families
#6
Carlos Penilla, Jeanne M Tschann, Julianna Deardorff, Elena Flores, Lauri A Pasch, Nancy F Butte, Steven E Gregorich, Louise C Greenspan, Suzanna M Martinez, Emily Ozer
Mothers' feeding practices are associated with their children's weight status, but little is known about the associations between fathers' feeding practices and children's weight status. Moreover, there is a dearth of research on Latino fathers' feeding practices and children's weight status, even though Latino children suffer some of the highest obesity rates in the U.S. We examined the associations between fathers' feeding practices and child weight status, conditional on mothers' feeding practices, within 174 Mexican American families with children aged 8-10 years...
June 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629481/depression-inflammation-and-memory-loss-among-mexican-americans-analysis-of-the-hable-cohort
#7
Leigh A Johnson, Melissa Edwards, Adriana Gamboa, James Hall, Michelle Robinson, Sid E O'Bryant
BACKGROUND: This study explored the combined impact of depression and inflammation on memory functioning among Mexican-American adults and elders. METHODS: Data were analyzed from 381 participants of the Health and Aging Brain study among Latino Elders (HABLE). Fasting serum samples were collected and assayed in duplicate using electrochemiluminesce on the SECTOR Imager 2400A from Meso Scale Discovery. Positive DepE (depression endophenotype) was codified as any score >1 on a five-point scale based on the GDS-30...
June 20, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626298/stress-and-coping-latino-youth-coming-of-age-in-a-new-latino-destination
#8
Maria Brietzke, Krista Perreira
Previous research has linked stress to adverse mental health outcomes among Latino adolescents living in the United States. The mechanism through which this process operates continues to be explored, especially in regions of the country where Latin American immigrants and their children have only recently begun to migrate. Our study aimed to contextualize the processes of stress and coping among Latino adolescents growing up in an emerging Latino destination in the US-North Carolina (NC). All adolescents in our study were either the first or second generation children of immigrants from Latin American countries including Colombia, El Salvador, Honduras, and Mexico...
July 2017: Journal of Adolescent Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625117/factors-associated-to-health-care-service-use-among-latino-day-laborers
#9
Javier Francisco Boyas, Nalini Junko Negi, Pamela Valera
Latino day laborers (LDLs) are at elevated risks for disease and injury because of the environments in which they work. Despite this recognition, a comprehensive examination of factors related to LDLs' health service use remains unexamined. Using the Andersen model, the current exploratory study examined predisposing (age, education level, location of educational training, legal status, and marital status), enabling (income, trust in medical personnel, whether the respondent has someone they consider their personal doctor, and whether their doctor speaks the same language, perceived barriers to care), and need (self-rated health, number of chronic conditions) variables to predict use of health services among a purposive sample of LDLs ( N = 150)...
July 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624168/antibiotic-prescription-fills-for-acute-conjunctivitis-among-enrollees-in-a-large-united-states-managed-care-network
#10
Nakul S Shekhawat, Roni M Shtein, Taylor S Blachley, Joshua D Stein
PURPOSE: Antibiotics are seldom necessary to treat acute conjunctivitis. We assessed how frequently patients with newly diagnosed acute conjunctivitis fill prescriptions for topical antibiotics and factors associated with antibiotic prescription fills. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 340 372 enrollees in a large nationwide United States managed care network with newly diagnosed acute conjunctivitis, from 2001 through 2014...
June 14, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623623/self-reported-race-and-ethnicity-of-us-biobank-participants-compared-to-the-us-census
#11
Elizabeth Gross Cohn, Nalo Hamilton, Elaine L Larson, Janet K Williams
Precision medicine envisions a future of effective diagnosis, treatment, and prevention grounded in precise understandings of the genetic and environmental determinants of disease. Given that the original genome-wide association studies represented a predominately European White population, and that diversity in genomic studies must account for genetic variation both within and across racial categories, new research studies are at a heightened risk for inadequate representation. Currently biological samples are being made available for sequencing in biobanks across the USA, but the diversity of those samples is unknown...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622109/farmworker-and-non-farmworker-latino-immigrant-men-in-north-carolina-have-high-levels-of-specific-pesticide-urinary-metabolites
#12
Thomas A Arcury, Haiying Chen, Paul J Laurienti, Timothy D Howard, Dana Boyd Barr, Dana C Mora, Sara A Quandt
This paper compares detections and concentrations of specific organophosphate, bis-dithiocarbamate, and pyrethroid insecticide urinary metabolites among Latino male farmworkers and non-farmworkers in North Carolina. Data are from interviews and urine samples collected in 2012 and 2013. Farmworkers and non-farmworkers frequently had detections for OP and pyrethroid pesticide urinary metabolites. Detections of bis-dithiocarbamate urinary metabolites were less frequent, but substantial among the non-farmworkers...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615222/exploring-the-global-landscape-of-genetic-variation-in-coagulation-factor-xi-deficiency
#13
Rosanna Asselta, Elvezia Maria Paraboschi, Valeria Rimoldi, Marzia Menegatti, Flora Peyvandi, Ophira Salomon, Stefano Duga
Factor XI (FXI) deficiency is an autosomal bleeding disorder, usually post trauma or surgery, characterized by reduced levels of coagulation FXI in plasma. The disease is highly prevalent in Ashkenazi Jews (heterozygote frequency ~9%), whereas it is considered a rare condition in most populations (prevalence of the severe deficiency: 1:10(6) in Caucasians). So far, >190 causative mutations have been identified throughout the F11 gene. To have a global landscape of genetic variation of F11, we explored publicly-available exome-based data obtained from >60,000 individuals belonging to different ethnicities (Exome Aggregation Consortium resource)...
June 14, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614615/a-quantitative-analysis-of-latino-acculturation-and-alcohol-use-myth-versus-reality
#14
REVIEW
Miriam J Alvarez, Gabriel Frietze, Corin Ramos, Craig Field, Michael A Zárate
Research on health among Latinos often focuses on acculturation processes and the associated stressors that influence drinking behavior. Given the common use of acculturation measures and the state of the knowledge on alcohol-related health among Latino populations, the current analyses tested the efficacy of acculturation measures to predict various indicators of alcohol consumption. Specifically, this quantitative review assessed the predictive utility of acculturation on alcohol consumption behaviors (frequency, volume, and quantity)...
June 14, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614177/the-affordable-care-act-reduces-hypertension-treatment-disparities-for-mexican-heritage-latinos
#15
Ryan M McKenna, Héctor E Alcalá, Félice Lê-Scherban, Dylan H Roby, Alexander N Ortega
OBJECTIVES: Mexican-heritage Latinos have lower prevalence of hypertension, but have worse patterns of treatment and control compared with non-Latino whites. This study examined the impact of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) insurance expansion on reducing disparities in treatment and medication use among Mexican-heritage Latinos with hypertension. RESEARCH DESIGN: Using the 2009-2014 waves of the California Health Interview Survey, we examine health care access, utilization, and medication use among Mexican-heritage Latinos and non-Latino whites with hypertension...
July 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613924/spirometry-reference-equations-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#16
Lisa LaVange, Sonia M Davis, John Hankinson, Paul Enright, Rebbecca Wilson, R Graham Barr, Thomas K Aldrich, Ravi Kalhan, Hector Lemus, Ai Ni, Lewis J Smith, Gregory A Talavera
RATIONALE: Accurate reference values for spirometry are important, as the results are used for diagnosing common chronic lung diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, estimating physiological impairment, and predicting all-cause mortality. Reference equations have been established for Mexican Americans but not for other Hispanic/Latino backgrounds. OBJECTIVES: To develop spirometry reference equations for adult Hispanic/Latino background groups in the United States...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611896/pain-perception-in-latino-vs-caucasian-and-male-vs-female-patients-is-there-really-a-difference
#17
Molly Aufiero, Holly Stankewicz, Shaila Quazi, Jeanne Jacoby, Jill Stoltzfus
INTRODUCTION: Pain is a common emergency department (ED) complaint. It is important to understand the differences in pain perception among different ethnic and demographic populations. METHODS: We applied a standardized painful stimulus to Caucasian and Latino adult patients to determine whether the level of pain reported differed depending on ethnicity (N=100; 50 Caucasian [C], 50 Latino [L] patients) and gender (N=100; 59 female, 41 male). Patients had an initial pain score of 0 or 1...
June 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611723/the-biological-or-cultural-essence-of-essentialism-implications-for-policy-support-among-dominant-and-subordinated-groups
#18
Nur Soylu Yalcinkaya, Sara Estrada-Villalta, Glenn Adams
Most research links (racial) essentialism to negative intergroup outcomes. We propose that this conclusion reflects both a narrow conceptual focus on biological/genetic essence and a narrow research focus from the perspective of racially dominant groups. We distinguished between beliefs in biological and cultural essences, and we investigated the implications of this distinction for support of social justice policies (e.g., affirmative action) among people with dominant (White) and subordinated (e.g., Black, Latino) racial identities in the United States...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610988/genome-wide-association-study-of-heart-rate-and-its-variability-in-hispanic-latino-cohorts
#19
Kathleen F Kerr, Christy L Avery, Henry J Lin, Laura M Raffield, Qian S Zhang, Brian L Browning, Sharon R Browning, Matthew P Conomos, Stephanie M Gogarten, Cathy C Laurie, Tamar Sofer, Timothy A Thornton, Chancellor Hohensee, Rebecca D Jackson, Charles Kooperberg, Yun Li, Raúl Méndez-Giráldez, Marco V Perez, Ulrike Peters, Alexander P Reiner, Zhu-Ming Zhang, Jie Yao, Nona Sotoodehnia, Kent D Taylor, Xiuqing Guo, Leslie A Lange, Elsayed Z Soliman, James G Wilson, Jerome I Rotter, Susan R Heckbert, Deepti Jain, Eric A Whitsel
BACKGROUND: Although time-domain measures of heart rate variability (HRV) are used to estimate cardiac autonomic tone and disease risk in multi-ethnic populations, the genetic epidemiology of HRV in Hispanics/Latinos has not been characterized. OBJECTIVE: Conduct a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of heart rate (HR) and its variability in the Hispanic Community Health Study / Study of Latinos, Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, and Women's Health Initiative Hispanic SNP-Health Association Resource project (n=13,767)...
June 10, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610624/normal-limits-of-the-electrocardiogram-derived-from-a-large-database-of-brazilian-primary-care-patients
#20
Daniel M F Palhares, Milena S Marcolino, Thales M M Santos, José L P da Silva, Paulo R Gomes, Leonardo B Ribeiro, Peter W Macfarlane, Antonio L P Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the normal limits of the electrocardiogram (ECG) is mandatory for establishing which patients have abnormal ECGs. No studies have assessed the reference standards for a Latin American population. Our aim was to establish the normal ranges of the ECG for pediatric and adult Brazilian primary care patients. METHODS: This retrospective observational study assessed all the consecutive 12-lead digital electrocardiograms of primary care patients at least 1 year old in Minas Gerais state, Brazil, recorded between 2010 and 2015...
June 13, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
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