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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449364/the-association-between-peritraumatic-dissociation-and-ptsd-symptoms-the-mediating-role-of-negative-beliefs-about-the-self
#1
Johanna Thompson-Hollands, Janie J Jun, Denise M Sloan
Peritraumatic dissociation, a term used to describe a complex array of reactions to trauma, including depersonalization, derealization, and emotional numbness, has been associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms across a number of studies. Cognitive theory suggests that interpretations of traumatic events and reactions underlie the persistence of PTSD. The present study examined the associations among peritraumatic dissociation, posttraumatic cognitions, and PTSD symptoms in a group of trauma-exposed adults (N = 169)...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449285/research-review-childhood-chronic-physical-illness-and-adult-emotional-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Ekin Secinti, Ellen J Thompson, Marcus Richards, Darya Gaysina
BACKGROUND: Childhood chronic physical illness is associated with a greater vulnerability for emotional problems (i.e. depression and anxiety) in childhood. However, little is known about life-long effects of childhood chronic physical illness on mental health. The present study aims to systematically review evidence for associations between eight chronic physical illnesses with childhood onset (arthritis, asthma, cancer, chronic renal failure, congenital heart disease, cystic fibrosis, type 1 diabetes, and epilepsy) and adult emotional problems...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449279/review-of-the-strengths-and-difficulties-questionnaire-translated-into-languages-spoken-by-children-and-adolescents-of-refugee-background
#3
Yvonne Stolk, Ida Kaplan, Josef Szwarc
The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), routinely used to screen for children's and adolescents' emotional and behavioural problems, has been translated into at least 80 languages. As children of refugee background are particularly vulnerable to mental health problems resulting from their refugee experiences, this review examines whether SDQs translated into languages spoken by major refugee groups are validated and culturally equivalent to the original SDQ and sensitive to change following interventions...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449127/effects-of-emotional-valence-and-arousal-on-the-voice-perception-network
#4
Patricia E G Bestelmeyer, Sonja A Kotz, Pascal Belin
Several theories conceptualise emotions along two main dimensions: valence (a continuum from negative to positive) and arousal (a continuum that varies from low to high). These dimensions are typically treated as independent in many neuroimaging experiments, yet recent behavioural findings suggest that they are actually interdependent. This result has impact on neuroimaging design, analysis and theoretical development. We were interested in determining the extent of this interdependence both behaviourally and neuroanatomically, as well as teasing apart any activation that is specific to each dimension...
April 25, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449116/the-iconography-of-mourning-and-its-neural-correlates-a-functional-neuroimaging-study
#5
Karin Labek, Samantha Berger, Anna Buchheim, Julia Bosch, Jennifer Spohrs, Lisa Dommes, Petra Beschoner, Julia C Stingl, Roberto Viviani
The present functional neuroimaging study focuses on the iconography of mourning. A culture-specific pattern of body postures of mourning individuals, mostly suggesting withdrawal, emerged from a survey of visual material. When used in different combinations in stylized drawings in our neuroimaging study, this material activated cortical areas commonly seen in studies of social cognition (temporo-parietal junction, superior temporal gyrus, and inferior temporal lobe), empathy for pain (somatosensory cortex), and loss (precuneus, middle/posterior cingular gyrus)...
April 25, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449066/childhood-maltreatment-and-psychological-well-being-in-later-life-the-mediating-effect-of-contemporary-relationships-with-the-abusive-parent
#6
Jooyoung Kong
Objectives: Parental childhood maltreatment has a negative impact on psychological well-being in adulthood. However, little is known about whether and how contemporary relationships with an abusive parent might explain the long-term harmful effects. Thus, this study aims to examine the mediating effect of later-life relationships with an abusive parent on the association between parental childhood maltreatment and psychological well-being. Methods: Using the 2004-2005 Wisconsin Longitudinal Study, this study analyzed a total of 1,696 adults aged 65 years...
April 26, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449049/professional-burnout-in-european-young-oncologists-results-of-the-european-society-for-medical-oncology-esmo-young-oncologists-committee-burnout-survey
#7
S Banerjee, R Califano, J Corral, E de Azambuja, L De Mattos-Arruda, V Guarneri, M Hutka, K Jordan, E Martinelli, G Mountzios, M A Ozturk, M Petrova, S Postel-Vinay, M Preusser, C Qvortrup, M N M Volkov, J Tabernero, D Olmos, M H Strijbos
Background: Burnout in health care professionals could have serious negative consequences on quality of patient care, professional satisfaction and personal life. Our aim was to investigate the burnout prevalence, work and lifestyle factors potentially affecting burnout amongst European oncologists ≤40 (YOs). Methods: A survey was conducted using the validated Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and additional questions exploring work/lifestyle factors. Statistical analyses were performed to identify factors associated with burnout...
April 25, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448827/dopamine-cognitive-biases-and-assessment-of-certainty-a-neurocognitive-model-of-delusions
#8
REVIEW
Annabel Broyd, Ryan P Balzan, Todd S Woodward, Paul Allen
This paper examines the evidence that delusions can be explained within the framework of a neurocognitive model of how the brain assesses certainty. Here, 'certainty' refers to both low-level interpretations of one's environment and high-level (conscious) appraisals of one's beliefs and experiences. A model is proposed explaining how the brain systems responsible for assigning certainty might dysfunction, contributing to the cause and maintenance of delusional beliefs. It is suggested that delusions arise through a combination of perturbed striatal dopamine and aberrant salience as well as cognitive biases such as the tendency to jump to conclusions (JTC) and hypersalience of evidence-hypothesis matches...
April 18, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448820/is-there-a-link-between-biological-parents-insight-into-their-offspring-s-schizophrenia-and-their-cognitive-functioning-expressed-emotion-and-knowledge-about-disorder
#9
Alexandra Macgregor, Joanna Norton, Stéphane Raffard, Delphine Capdevielle
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that parents' awareness of their offspring's schizophrenia could influence their offspring's insight. Low patient insight is linked to impairment of specific cognitive abilities, and biological parents of schizophrenia patients have impaired capacities in these same domains. However, little is known about what specific socio-demographic, affective or cognitive factors may influence biological parents' awareness of their offspring's disease. METHOD: Data were drawn from 41 patient-parent dyads...
April 13, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448803/emotion-regulation-as-a-moderator-between-anxiety-symptoms-and-insomnia-symptom-severity
#10
Mitchell Kirwan, Scott M Pickett, Nicole L Jarrett
Insomnia is a common concern with many associated negative consequences. Previous research has established bivariate relationships between anxiety symptoms, emotion regulation, and insomnia symptom severity; however, limited research has examined how the interaction between emotion regulation and anxiety symptoms may be associated with insomnia symptom severity. A sample of 468 undergraduate participants and a subsample of 136 participants meeting a self-reported cutoff score for insomnia, completed questionnaires assessing anxiety, insomnia symptom severity, and emotion regulation difficulties...
April 18, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448791/self-grounding-visual-auditory-and-olfactory-autobiographical-memories
#11
Igor Knez, Louise Ljunglöf, Artin Arshamian, Johan Willander
Given that autobiographical memory provides a cognitive foundation for the self, we investigated the relative importance of visual, auditory and olfactory autobiographical memories for the self. Thirty subjects, with a mean age of 35.4years, participated in a study involving a three×three within-subject design containing nine different types of autobiographical memory cues: pictures, sounds and odors presented with neutral, positive and negative valences. It was shown that visual compared to auditory and olfactory autobiographical memories involved higher cognitive and emotional constituents for the self...
April 24, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448659/evaluation-of-ecological-momentary-assessment-for-tinnitus-severity
#12
Rachel L Goldberg, Marilyn L Piccirillo, Joyce Nicklaus, Andrew Skillington, Eric Lenze, Thomas L Rodebaugh, Dorina Kallogjeri, Jay F Piccirillo
Importance: Existing patient-reported outcome measures of tinnitus assess the severity and disability retrospectively, which may result in adequate reliability, but cannot capture the fluctuating and individualized nature of tinnitus. Experience sampling may provide an alternative. Objective: To use an ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to measure tinnitus disability and associated constructs. Design, Setting, and Participants: Forty adults with tinnitus provided self-report of their tinnitus bother using 5 questions measured by EMA, as well as standard retrospective outcome measures...
April 27, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448561/persistence-and-innovation-effects-in-genetic-and-environmental-factors-in-negative-emotionality-during-infancy-a-twin-study
#13
Lyndall Schumann, Michel Boivin, Stéphane Paquin, Eric Lacourse, Mara Brendgen, Frank Vitaro, Ginette Dionne, Richard E Tremblay, Linda Booij
BACKGROUND: Difficult temperament in infancy is a risk factor for forms of later internalizing and externalizing psychopathology, including depression and anxiety. A better understanding of the roots of difficult temperament requires assessment of its early development with a genetically informative design. The goal of this study was to estimate genetic and environmental contributions to individual differences in infant negative emotionality, their persistence over time and their influences on stability between 5 and 18 months of age...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448308/the-effects-of-prenatal-maternal-stress-on-early-temperament-the-2011-queensland-flood-study
#14
Gabrielle Simcock, Guillaume Elgbeili, David P Laplante, Sue Kildea, Vanessa Cobham, Helen Stapleton, Marie-Paule Austin, Alain Brunet, Suzanne King
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effects of disaster-related prenatal maternal stress on infant temperament and whether the sex of the infant or the timing of the stressor in pregnancy would moderate the effects. METHODS: Mothers' objective experiences of a sudden-onset flood in Queensland, Australia, their subjective emotional reactions, and cognitive appraisal of the event were assessed. At 6 months postpartum, 121 mothers reported their infant's temperament on the 5 dimensions of the Short Temperament Scale for Infants...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448249/relationships-among-exercise-beliefs-physical-exercise-and-subjective-wellbeing-evidence-from-korean-middle-aged-adults
#15
Sukkyung You, Kyulee Shin
Physically active leisure plays a key role in successful ageing. Exercise beliefs are one of the key predictors of exercise behavior. We used structural equation modeling to assess the plausibility of a conceptual model specifying hypothesized linkages among middle aged adults perceptions of (a) exercise beliefs, (b) physical exercise behavior, and (c) subjective well-being. Four hundred and two adults in South Korea responded to survey questions designed to capture the above constructs. We found that physically active leisure participation leads to subjective well-being for both middle aged males and females...
April 27, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448248/the-relationship-between-stressors-and-mental-health-among-japanese-middle-aged-women-in-urban-areas
#16
Junko Suzuki, Fumi Takeda, Kaori Kishi, Takafumi Monma
In middle age, some people may become mentally or emotionally unstable. Additionally, in Japan, mood disorders, such as depressive symptoms, occur mostly among middle-aged women (i.e., aged 40-49 years). However, few studies have examined stressors related to mental health (a state of well-being in which every individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to her or his community). In the present research, we developed a stressor scale for middle-aged women (SSMW) and examined stressors correlated with middle-aged women's mental health...
April 27, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447908/perceived-family-climate-and-self-esteem-in-adolescents-with-adhd-a-study-with-a-control-group
#17
Halit Necmi Uçar, Şafak Eray, Ayşe Pınar Vural, Ömer Kocael
OBJECTIVE: In this study, our objective is to assess the perception of family environments by adolescents with ADHD based on perceived expressed emotion (EE) and the self-esteem of the adolescents. METHOD: Uludag University Medical Faculty Hospital completed this study with 41 adolescents with ADHD and 35 control group participants who were matched based on age and gender. RESULTS: The total scores of perceived EE, described as a lack of emotional support, irritability, and intrusiveness, were significantly higher in ADHD group than in the control group...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447826/the-role-of-expectations-and-habitual-emotion-regulation-in-emotional-processing-an-erp-investigation
#18
Emily G Brudner, Ekaterina Denkova, Martin Paczynski, Amishi P Jha
Available evidence from separate lines of event-related potential (ERP) research has highlighted the role of expectations and emotion regulation on emotional processing by revealing that (i) expectations can alter emotional responses, and (ii) the instructed use of emotion regulation strategies may modulate emotional responses. Yet, little is known about the interplay between expectations and habitual emotion regulation strategies prior to and at the onset of an emotional event. The present study aimed to investigate this potential relationship...
April 27, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447824/correction-to-kuhn-et-al-2017
#19
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Similar Representations of Emotions Across Faces and Voices" by Lisa Katharina Kuhn, Taeko Wydell, Nadine Lavan, Carolyn McGettigan and Lúcia Garrido (Emotion, Advanced Online Publication, Mar 02, 2017, np). (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2017-09406-001.) Emotions are a vital component of social communication, carried across a range of modalities and via different perceptual signals such as specific muscle contractions in the face and in the upper respiratory system...
April 27, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447822/social-cognition-internalized-stigma-and-recovery-orientation-among-adults-with-serious-mental-illness
#20
Katherine C Cunningham, Alicia Lucksted
OBJECTIVE: The social-cognitive model is useful in understanding internalized stigma, but research has not examined it in relationship to recovery orientation, an important outcome. This study examined the impact of the four stages of internalized stigma on recovery orientation and assessed cognitive insight as a moderator. METHOD: Data from a community sample of adults with serious mental illness (N = 268) were collected through structured interviews. Regression-based analyses were used to examine the main effects of internalized stigma on recovery orientation and the moderating effect of cognitive insight...
April 27, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
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