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Steve Ulrich, Tabitha Sutch, Greg Szulczewski, Matthias Schweizer, Newton Barbosa, Paulo Araujo
We investigate the P(NDI2OD-T2) photophysical properties via absorbance and fluorescence spectroscopy, in association with the experimental approach baptized Stokes Spectroscopy, which provides valuable material information through the acquisition and analysis of the fluorescence polarization degree. By changing solvents and using different samples such as solutions, thick, and thin films, it is possible to control the polarization degree spectrum associated to the fluorescence emitted by the polymer's isolated chains and aggregates...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Yui Masumoto, Naoyuki Toriumi, Atsuya Muranaka, Eiichi Kayahara, Shigeru Yamago, Masanobu Uchiyama
Cycloparaphenylenes (CPPs) are hoop-shaped conjugated hydrocarbons corresponding to partial structures of fullerenes or armchair carbon nanotubes. Here, we examined the fluorescence properties of a series of [n]cycloparaphenylene dications ([n]CPP2+, n = 5-9), which have unique in-plane aromaticity. The fluorescence peak positions of the [n]CPP2+s shifted to the longer-wavelength region with increasing ring size, reaching the near-infrared region for those with n > 5. The fluorescence quantum yield of [6]CPP2+ was the highest among the [n]CPP2+s examined in this study, and the value was of the same order as that of carbon nanotubes...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
G Flynn, K Stokes, K M Ryan
Herein, we report the formation of silicon, germanium and more complex Si-SixGe1-x and Si-Ge axial 1D heterostructures, at low temperatures in solution. These nanorods/nanowires are grown using phenylated compounds of silicon and germanium as reagents, with precursor decomposition achieved at substantially reduced temperatures (200 °C for single crystal nanostructures and 300 °C for heterostructures), through the addition of a reducing agent. This low energy route for the production of these functional nanostructures as a wet chemical in high yield is attractive to meet the processing needs for next generation photovoltaics, batteries and electronics...
May 18, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Long Yu, Gleb E Yakubov, Marta Martínez-Sanz, Elliot P Gilbert, Jason R Stokes
Two gel-forming arabinoxylan (AX) fractions with very similar linkage composition and molecular weight distributions have been isolated from Plantago ovata seed mucilage. Both isolated fractions have distinct gel properties attributed to differences in intermolecular hydrogen bonding. This study probes the effect of hydrogen bonding on molecular interactions of P. ovata AX fractions under non-gelled conditions achieved using a mild hydrogen bonding inhibitor, 0.2 M KOH. Chain conformation, relaxation dynamics and interactions between AX molecules are investigated using a combination of rheological techniques and small angle X-ray and neutron scattering...
August 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Nicolas Rosine, Adrien Etcheto, Houria Hendel-Chavez, Raphaèle Seror, Karine Briot, Anna Molto, Philippe Chanson, Yassine Taoufik, Daniel Wendling, Rik Lories, Francis Berenbaum, Rosaline van den Berg, Pascal Claudepierre, Antoine Feydy, Maxime Dougados, Christian Roux, Corinne Miceli-Richard
In spondyloarthritis, little is known about the relation between circulating cytokines and patient phenotype. We have quantified serum levels of T helper type 1 cell (Th1), Th2 and Th17 cytokines in patients with recent-onset axial spondyloarthritis (AxSpA) from the DESIR cohort, a prospective, multicenter French cohort consisting of 708 patients with recent-onset inflammatory back pain (duration >3 months but <3 years) suggestive of AxSpA. Serum levels of Th1, Th2, and Th17 cytokines were assessed at baseline in patients from the DESIR cohort fulfilling the ASAS criteria (ASAS+) and were compared with age- and sex-matched healthy controls...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Philipp Strobel, Christian Maak, Volker Weiler, Peter J Schmidt, Wolfgang Schnick
Highly efficient phosphor-converted light-emitting diodes (pc-LEDs) are popular in lighting and high-tech electronics applications. The main goals of present LED research are increasing light quality, preserving color point stability and reducing energy consumption. For those purposes excellent phosphors in all spectral regions are required. Here, we report on ultra-narrow band blue emitting oxoberyllates AELi2[Be4O6]:Eu2+ (AE = Sr,Ba) exhibiting a rigid covalent network isotypic to the nitridoalumosilicate BaLi2[(Al2Si2)N6]:Eu2+...
May 16, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Wenzeng Duan, Qingsong Liu, Yanmin Huo, Jichun Cui, Shuwen Gong, Zhipeng Liu
A new family of aggregation-induced emission (AIE)-active monoboron and bisboron complexes based on benzothiazole-hydrazone chelates was synthesized. These complexes showed very weak fluorescence in fluid solution due to active intramolecular rotation and were emissive in high-viscosity solvents or in the aggregation state. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analyses and theoretical calculations were carried out to explain AIE behavior. The large Stokes shifts (3590-7400 cm-1) and relatively highly efficient solid-state emission make these complexes valuable AIE luminophores for further potential applications...
May 16, 2018: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
William Stokes, Eric Interval, Rusha Patel
INTRODUCTION: Lingual thyroid cancer is a rare entity with a paucity of literature guiding methods of surgical treatment. Its location presents anatomic challenges with access and excision. OBJECTIVE: We present a case of T4aN1b classical variant papillary thyroid carcinoma of the lingual thyroid that was removed without pharyngeal entry. We also present a review of the literature of this rare entity and propose a treatment algorithm to provide safe and oncologic outcomes...
May 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Andreas Zöttl, Holger Stark
Multiparticle collision dynamics is a modern coarse-grained simulation technique to treat the hydrodynamics of Newtonian fluids by solving the Navier-Stokes equations. Naturally, it also includes thermal noise. Initially it has been applied extensively to spherical colloids or bead-spring polymers immersed in a fluid. Here, we review and discuss the use of multiparticle collision dynamics for studying the motion of spherical model microswimmers called squirmers moving in viscous fluids.
May 15, 2018: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Makaela Field, Rachel Wenke, Arman Sabet, Melissa Lawrie, Elizabeth Cardell
Silent aspiration is common after stroke and can lead to subsequent pneumonia. While standard bedside dysphagia assessments are ineffective at predicting silent aspiration, cough reflex testing (CRT) has shown promise for identifying patients at risk of silent aspiration. We investigated the impact of CRT on patient and service outcomes when embedded into a clinical pathway. 488 acute stoke patients were randomly allocated to receive either CRT or standard care (i.e. bedside assessment). Primary outcomes included confirmed pneumonia within 3 months post stroke and length of acute inpatient stay...
May 15, 2018: Dysphagia
Anne Sofie Siebuhr, Desirée van der Heijde, Anne-C Bay-Jensen, Morten Asser Karsdal, Robert Landewé, Astrid van Tubergen, Sofia Ramiro
Background: Radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (r-axSpA) is associated with extracellular matrix (ECM) remodelling of affected tissues. We investigated whether there was a relationship between biomarkers of ECM remodelling and 2-year radiographic progression in r-axSpA. Methods: Patients from the Outcome in Ankylosing Spondylitis International Study (OASIS) were included if they had serum, clinical and spinal radiographic assessments available at baseline and 2 years later...
2018: RMD Open
Ee Teng Goh, Caroline S Stokes, Sandeep S Sidhu, Hendrik Vilstrup, Lise Lotte Gluud, Marsha Y Morgan
BACKGROUND: Hepatic encephalopathy is a common complication of cirrhosis and has high associated morbidity and mortality. The condition is classified as overt if it is clinically apparent or minimal if only evident though psychometric testing. The exact pathogenesis of this syndrome is unknown although ammonia is thought to play a key role. L-ornithine L-aspartate has ammonia-lowering properties and may, therefore, benefit people with cirrhosis and hepatic encephalopathy. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the beneficial and harmful effects of L-ornithine L-aspartate versus placebo, no intervention, or other active interventions in people with cirrhosis and hepatic encephalopathy...
May 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Vitor B Pelegati, Bernardo B C Kyotoku, Lazaro A Padilha, Carlos L Cesar
Acquiring images of biological tissues and cells without the assistance of exogenous labels with a fast repetition rate and chemical specificity is what coherent anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS) imaging offers. Nonresonant background (NRB) is one of the main drawbacks of the CARS microscopy technique because it limits the detection of weak Raman lines and the detection of low-concentration molecules. We show that a six-wave mixing process with two beams, which is a cascade effect of CARS, show better signal/NRB ratio and can be utilized for biological tissues imaging...
May 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Wang Zhang, Jia Liu, Yuewen Yu, Qiaorong Han, Tian Cheng, Jian Shen, Bingxiang Wang, Yuliang Jiang
A novel red-emitting fluorescent probe (DDNA) for cysteine has been rationally designed and synthesized, which exhibited a low limit of detection to Cys (0.26 μM) as well as a favorable large stokes shift (λEm -λEx = 128 nm). This novel fluorophore (HDM), which features a large π-conjugation system and typical intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) process, has a long emission wavelength at 631 nm. Besides that, as a turn-on fluorescent probe, it shows high selectivity and sensitivity for Cys over other metal ions and amino acids including the similar structured homocysteine (Hcy) and glutathione (GSH)...
August 1, 2018: Talanta
Kiran Narayanan, Ravi Samtaney
We obtain numerical solutions of the two-fluid fluctuating compressible Navier-Stokes (FCNS) equations, which consistently account for thermal fluctuations from meso- to macroscales, in order to study the effect of such fluctuations on the mixing behavior in the Richtmyer-Meshkov instability (RMI). The numerical method used was successfully verified in two stages: for the deterministic fluxes by comparison against air-SF_{6} RMI experiment, and for the stochastic terms by comparison against the direct simulation Monte Carlo results for He-Ar RMI...
April 2018: Physical Review. E
Manash Pratim Borthakur, Gautam Biswas, Dipankar Bandyopadhyay
A computational fluid dynamic investigation has been carried out to study the dynamics of a moving compound droplet inside a tube. The motions associated with such a droplet is uncovered by solving the axisymmetric Navier-Stokes equations in which the spatiotemporal evolution of a pair of twin-deformable interfaces has been tracked employing the volume-of-fluid approach. The deformations at the interfaces and their subsequent dynamics are found to be stimulated by the subtle interplay between the capillary and viscous forces...
April 2018: Physical Review. E
Raksha Mahalinkam, Felicity Gong, Aditya S Khair
The inertial locomotion of an elongated model swimmer in a Newtonian fluid is quantified, wherein self-propulsion is achieved via steady tangential surface treadmilling. The swimmer has a length 2l and a circular cross section of longitudinal profile aR(z), where a is the characteristic width of the cross section, R(z) is a dimensionless shape function, and z is a dimensionless coordinate, normalized by l, along the centerline of the body. It is assumed that the swimmer is slender, ε=a/l≪1. Hence, we utilize slender-body theory to analyze the Navier-Stokes equations that describe the flow around the swimmer...
April 2018: Physical Review. E
F J Uribe, R M Velasco
We use the Navier-Stokes-Fourier constitutive equations to study plane shock waves in dilute gases. It is shown that the experimental information on the normalized density profiles can be fit by using the so-called soft sphere model, in which the viscosity and thermal conductivity are proportional to a power of the temperature.
April 2018: Physical Review. E
Tobias Baumann, Franz-Josef Schmitt, Almut Pelzer, Vivian Jeanette Spiering, Georg Johannes Freiherr von Sass, Thomas Friedrich, Nediljko Budisa
Fluorescent proteins are fundamental tools for the life sciences, in particular for fluorescence microscopy of living cells. While wild-type and engineered variants of the green fluorescent protein from Aequorea victoria (avGFP) as well as homologs from other species already cover large parts of the optical spectrum, a spectral gap remains in the near-infrared region, for which avGFP-based fluorophores are not available. Red-shifted fluorescent protein (FP) variants would substantially expand the toolkit for spectral unmixing of multiple molecular species, but the naturally occurring red-shifted FPs derived from corals or sea anemones have lower fluorescence quantum yield and inferior photo-stability compared to the avGFP variants...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
T Madhu Trivikram, M Schlösser, W Ubachs, E J Salumbides
The hydrogen molecule has become a test ground for quantum electrodynamical calculations in molecules. Expanding beyond studies on stable hydrogenic species to the heavier radioactive tritium-bearing molecules, we report on a measurement of the fundamental T_{2} vibrational splitting (v=0→1) for J=0-5 rotational levels. Precision frequency metrology is performed with high-resolution coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy at an experimental uncertainty of 10-12 MHz, where sub-Doppler saturation features are exploited for the strongest transition...
April 20, 2018: Physical Review Letters
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