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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346514/valence-arousal-familiarity-concreteness-and-imageability-ratings-for-292-two-character-chinese-nouns-in-cantonese-speakers-in-hong-kong
#1
Lydia T S Yee
Words are frequently used as stimuli in cognitive psychology experiments, for example, in recognition memory studies. In these experiments, it is often desirable to control for the words' psycholinguistic properties because differences in such properties across experimental conditions might introduce undesirable confounds. In order to avoid confounds, studies typically check to see if various affective and lexico-semantic properties are matched across experimental conditions, and so databases that contain values for these properties are needed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346243/modeling-flowsheet-data-to-support-secondary-use
#2
Bonnie L Westra, Beverly Christie, Steven G Johnson, Lisiane Pruinelli, Anne LaFlamme, Suzan G Sherman, Jung In Park, Connie W Delaney, Grace Gao, Stuart Speedie
The purpose of this study was to create information models from flowsheet data using a data-driven consensus-based method. Electronic health records contain a large volume of data about patient assessments and interventions captured in flowsheets that measure the same "thing," but the names of these observations often differ, according to who performs documentation or the location of the service (eg, pulse rate in an intensive care, the emergency department, or a surgical unit documented by a nurse or therapist or captured by automated monitoring)...
March 24, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345946/objective-effects-of-knowledge-on-visual-perception
#3
Gary Lupyan
To what extent is what we perceive influenced by what we know? Although a large literature purports to show effects of knowledge, expectations, and other cognitive states on various aspects of perception, strong counterarguments have been advanced that these demonstrations are confounded by nonperceptual factors. For example, although letters are easier to recognize in meaningful words than meaningless letter strings, skepticism remains that such effects of knowledge on visual recognition mean that knowledge literally helps people see...
April 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344724/functional-fixedness-in-creative-thinking-tasks-depends-on-stimulus-modality
#4
Evangelia G Chrysikou, Katharine Motyka, Cristina Nigro, Song-I Yang, Sharon L Thompson-Schill
Pictorial examples during creative thinking tasks can lead participants to fixate on these examples and reproduce their elements even when yielding suboptimal creative products. Semantic memory research may illuminate the cognitive processes underlying this effect. Here, we examined whether pictures and words differentially influence access to semantic knowledge for object concepts depending on whether the task is close- or open-ended. Participants viewed either names or pictures of everyday objects, or a combination of the two, and generated common, secondary, or ad hoc uses for them...
November 2016: Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343209/terminological-collocations-in-medical-latin-and-english-a-comparative-study
#5
Olena M Bieliaieva, Yuliia V Lysanets, Ivanna V Znamenska, Inesa V Rozhenko, Nataliia M Nikolaieva
INTRODUCTION: The present paper examines the linguistic status of terminological collocations in medical Latin and English, discusses the most productive term-formation models and ways of Latin-English translation. AIM: The authors aim to provide the comparative analysis of Latin and English terminological collocations and suggest their classification in terms of the idiomaticity level and semantic valency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The research is based on the corpus of terminological collocations in Latin and English medical discourse using structural, etymological, typological, comparative methods, as well as the method of semantic analysis and conceptual metaphor theory...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343203/developing-the-professional-competence-of-future-doctors-in-the-instructional-setting-of-higher-medical-educational-institutions
#6
Halyna Yu Morokhovets, Yuliia V Lysanets
INTRODUCTION: The main objectives of higher medical education is the continuous professional improvement of physicians to meet the needs dictated by the modern world both at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. In this respect, the system of higher medical education has undergone certain changes - from determining the range of professional competences to the adoption of new standards of education in medicine. AIM: The article aims to analyze the parameters of doctor's professionalism in the context of competence-based approach and to develop practical recommendations for the improvement of instruction techniques...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343000/evidence-for-similar-patterns-of-neural-activity-elicted-by-picture-and-word-based-representations-of-natural-scenes
#7
Manoj Kumar, Kara D Federmeier, Li Fei-Fei, Diane M Beck
A long-standing core question in cognitive science is whether different modalities and representation types (pictures, words, sounds, etc.) access a common store of semantic information. Although different input types have been shown to activate a shared network of brain regions, this does not necessitate that there is a common representation, as the neurons in these regions could still differentially process the different modalities. However, multi-voxel pattern analysis can be used to assess whether, e.g...
March 22, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341715/can-mri-visual-assessment-differentiate-the-variants-of-primary-progressive-aphasia
#8
S A Sajjadi, N Sheikh-Bahaei, J Cross, J H Gillard, D Scoffings, P J Nestor
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Primary-progressive aphasia is a clinically and pathologically heterogeneous condition. Nonfluent, semantic, and logopenic are the currently recognized clinical variants. The recommendations for the classification of primary-progressive aphasia have advocated variant-specific patterns of atrophy. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of the proposed imaging criteria and to assess the intra- and interrater reporting agreements...
March 24, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341686/incidental-findings-on-brain-mri-of-cognitively-normal-first-degree-descendants-of-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-a-cross-sectional-analysis-from-the-alfa-alzheimer-and-families-project
#9
Anna Brugulat-Serrat, Santiago Rojas, Nuria Bargalló, Gerardo Conesa, Carolina Minguillón, Karine Fauria, Nina Gramunt, José Luis Molinuevo, Juan Domingo Gispert
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of brain MRI incidental findings (IF) in a cohort of cognitively normal first-degree descendants of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: All scans were obtained with a 3.0 T scanner. Scans were evaluated by a single neuroradiologist and IF recorded and categorised. The presence of white matter hyperintensities (WMH) was determined with the Fazekas scale and reported as relevant if ≥2...
March 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341165/the-left-intraparietal-sulcus-adapts-to-symbolic-number-in-both-the-visual-and-auditory-modalities-evidence-from-fmri
#10
Stephan E Vogel, Celia Goffin, Joshua Bohnenberger, Karl Koschutnig, Gernot Reishofer, Roland H Grabner, Daniel Ansari
A growing body of evidence from functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging adaptation (fMRIa) has implicated the left intraparietal sulcus (IPS) as a crucial brain region representing the semantic meaning of number symbols. However, it is currently unknown to what extent the left IPS brain activity can be generalized across modalities (e.g., Arabic digits and spoken number words) and how robust and reproducible numerical adaptation effects are. In two separate fMRIa experiments we habituated the brain response of 20 native English-speaking (Experiment 1) and 34 native German-speaking (Experiment 2) adults to Arabic digits or spoken number words...
March 21, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339791/bridg-a-domain-information-model-for-translational-and-clinical-protocol-driven-research
#11
Lauren B Becnel, Smita Hastak, Wendy Ver Hoef, Robert P Milius, MaryAnn Slack, Diane Wold, Michael L Glickman, Boris Brodsky, Charles Jaffe, Rebecca Kush, Edward Helton
Background: It is critical to integrate and analyze data from biological, translational, and clinical studies with data from health systems; however, electronic artifacts are stored in thousands of disparate systems that are often unable to readily exchange data. Objective: To facilitate meaningful data exchange, a model that presents a common understanding of biomedical research concepts and their relationships with health care semantics is required. The Biomedical Research Integrated Domain Group (BRIDG) domain information model fulfills this need...
February 26, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339747/deep-learning-for-pharmacovigilance-recurrent-neural-network-architectures-for-labeling-adverse-drug-reactions-in-twitter-posts
#12
Anne Cocos, Alexander G Fiks, Aaron J Masino
Objective: Social media is an important pharmacovigilance data source for adverse drug reaction (ADR) identification. Human review of social media data is infeasible due to data quantity, thus natural language processing techniques are necessary. Social media includes informal vocabulary and irregular grammar, which challenge natural language processing methods. Our objective is to develop a scalable, deep-learning approach that exceeds state-of-the-art ADR detection performance in social media...
February 22, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339684/embedding-nursing-interventions-into-the-world-health-organization-s-international-classification-of-health-interventions-ichi
#13
Nicola Fortune, Nicholas R Hardiker, Gillian Strudwick
Objective: : The International Classification of Health Interventions, currently being developed, seeks to span all sectors of the health system. Our objective was to test the draft classification's coverage of interventions commonly delivered by nurses, and propose changes to improve the utility and reliability of the classification for aggregating and analyzing data on nursing interventions. Materials and methods: : A 2-phase content mapping method was used: (1) three coders independently applied the classification to a dataset comprising 100 high-frequency nursing interventions; (2) the coders reached consensus for each intervention and identified reasons for initial discrepancies...
February 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339486/a-top-down-manner-based-dcnn-architecture-for-semantic-image-segmentation
#14
Kai Qiao, Jian Chen, Linyuan Wang, Lei Zeng, Bin Yan
Given their powerful feature representation for recognition, deep convolutional neural networks (DCNNs) have been driving rapid advances in high-level computer vision tasks. However, their performance in semantic image segmentation is still not satisfactory. Based on the analysis of visual mechanism, we conclude that DCNNs in a bottom-up manner are not enough, because semantic image segmentation task requires not only recognition but also visual attention capability. In the study, superpixels containing visual attention information are introduced in a top-down manner, and an extensible architecture is proposed to improve the segmentation results of current DCNN-based methods...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339468/pbmda-a-novel-and-effective-path-based-computational-model-for-mirna-disease-association-prediction
#15
Zhu-Hong You, Zhi-An Huang, Zexuan Zhu, Gui-Ying Yan, Zheng-Wei Li, Zhenkun Wen, Xing Chen
In the recent few years, an increasing number of studies have shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) play critical roles in many fundamental and important biological processes. As one of pathogenetic factors, the molecular mechanisms underlying human complex diseases still have not been completely understood from the perspective of miRNA. Predicting potential miRNA-disease associations makes important contributions to understanding the pathogenesis of diseases, developing new drugs, and formulating individualized diagnosis and treatment for diverse human complex diseases...
March 24, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338944/salience-network-engagement-with-the-detection-of-morally-laden-information
#16
Gunes Sevinc, I Hakan Gurvit, R Nathan Spreng
Moral cognition is associated with activation of the default network, regions implicated in mentalizing about one's own actions or the intentions of others. Yet little is known about the initial detection of moral information. We examined the neural correlates of moral processing during a narrative completion task, which included an implicit moral salience manipulation. During fMRI scanning, participants read a brief vignette and selected the most semantically congruent sentence from two options to complete the narrative...
March 9, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338829/seeing-is-not-stereotyping-the-functional-independence-of-categorization-and-stereotype-activation
#17
Tiffany A Ito, Silvia Tomelleri
Social categorization has been viewed as necessarily resulting in stereotyping, yet extant research suggests the two processes are differentially sensitive to task manipulations. Here we simultaneously test the degree to which race perception and stereotyping are conditionally automatic. Participants performed a sequential priming task while either explicitly attending to the race of face primes or directing attention away from their semantic nature. We find a dissociation between the perceptual encoding of race and subsequent activation of associated stereotypes, with race perception occurring in both task conditions, but implicit stereotyping occurring only when attention is directed to the race of the face primes...
February 23, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338350/consensus-driven-development-of-a-terminology-for-biobanking-the-duke-experience
#18
Helena Ellis, Mary-Beth Joshi, Aenoch J Lynn, Anita Walden
Biobanking at Duke University has existed for decades and has grown over time in silos and based on specialized needs, as is true with most biomedical research centers. These silos developed informatics systems to support their own individual requirements, with no regard for semantic or syntactic interoperability. Duke undertook an initiative to implement an enterprise-wide biobanking information system to serve its many diverse biobanking entities. A significant part of this initiative was the development of a common terminology for use in the commercial software platform...
March 24, 2017: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337410/damage-to-white-matter-bottlenecks-contributes-to-language-impairments-after-left-hemispheric-stroke
#19
Joseph C Griffis, Rodolphe Nenert, Jane B Allendorfer, Jerzy P Szaflarski
Damage to the white matter underlying the left posterior temporal lobe leads to deficits in multiple language functions. The posterior temporal white matter may correspond to a bottleneck where both dorsal and ventral language pathways are vulnerable to simultaneous damage. Damage to a second putative white matter bottleneck in the left deep prefrontal white matter involving projections associated with ventral language pathways and thalamo-cortical projections has recently been proposed as a source of semantic deficits after stroke...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337216/smart-data-where-the-big-data-meets-the-semantics
#20
EDITORIAL
Trong H Duong, Hong Q Nguyen, Geun S Jo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
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