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Mindfulness based interventions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449073/healthy-minds-0-100-years-optimising-the-use-of-european-brain-imaging-cohorts-lifebrain
#1
Kristine B Walhovd, Anders M Fjell, René Westerhausen, Lars Nyberg, Klaus P Ebmeier, Ulman Lindenberger, David Bartrés-Faz, William F C Baaré, Hartwig R Siebner, Richard Henson, Christian A Drevon, Gun Peggy Strømstad Knudsen, Isabelle Budin Ljøsne, Brenda W J H Penninx, Paolo Ghisletta, Ole Rogeberg, Lorraine Tyler, Lars Bertram
The main objective of "Lifebrain" is to identify the determinants of brain, cognitive and mental (BCM) health at different stages of life. By integrating, harmonising and enriching major European neuroimaging studies across the life span, we will merge fine-grained BCM health measures of more than 5000 individuals. Longitudinal brain imaging, genetic and health data are available for a major part, as well as cognitive and mental health measures for the broader cohorts, exceeding 27,000 examinations in total...
February 12, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447711/no-355-physiologic-basis-of-pain-in-labour-and-delivery-an-evidence-based-approach-to-its-management
#2
Julie Bonapace, Guy-Paul Gagné, Nils Chaillet, Raymonde Gagnon, Emmanuelle Hébert, Sarah Buckley
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence relating to nonpharmacological approaches in the management of pain during labour and delivery. To formulate recommendations for the usage of nonpharmacological approaches to pain management. OPTIONS: Nonpharmacological methods available for pain management during labour and delivery exist. These should be included in the counselling and care of women. EVIDENCE: PubMed and Medline were searched for articles in French and English on subjects related to "breastfeeding," "pain," "epidural," "anaesthesia," "analgesia," "labour," "labor," and combined with "gate control theory," "alternative therapies," "massage," "position," "mobility," "TENS," "bathing," "DNIC," "acupuncture," "acupressure," "sterile water injection," "higher center," "control mind," "cognitive structuring," "holistic health," "complementary therapy(ies)," "breathing," "relaxation," "mental imagery," "visualization," "mind focusing," "hypnosis," "auto-hypnosis," "sophrology," "mind and body interventions," "music," "odors," "biofeedback," "Lamaze," "Bonapace," "prenatal training," "gymnastic," "chanting," "haptonomy," "environment," "transcutaneous electrical stimulus-stimulation," "antenatal education," "support," "continuous support," "psychosocial support," "psychosomatic medicine," "supportive care," "companion," "intrapartum care," "nurse," "midwife(ves)," "father," "doula," "caregiver," " hormones," "oxytocin," "endorphin," "prolactin," "catecholamine," "adrenaline," and "noradrenaline" from 1990 to December 2015...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445607/comprehensive-evaluation-of-liver-resection-procedures-surgical-mind-development-through-cognitive-task-analysis
#3
Cheng-Maw Ho, Go Wakabayashi, Chi-Chuan Yeh, Rey-Heng Hu, Takanori Sakaguchi, Yasushi Hasegawa, Takeshi Takahara, Hiroyuki Nitta, Akira Sasaki, Po-Huang Lee
Background: Liver resection is a complex procedure for trainee surgeons. Cognitive task analysis (CTA) facilitates understanding and decomposing tasks that require a great proportion of mental activity from experts. Methods: Using CTA and video-based coaching to compare liver resection by open and laparoscopic approaches, we decomposed the task of liver resection into exposure (visual field building), adequate tension made at the working plane (which may change three-dimensionally during the resection process), and target processing (intervention strategy) that can bridge the gap from the basic surgical principle...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443019/a-community-based-stress-management-program-using-wearable-devices-to-assess-whole-body-physiological-responses-in-non-laboratory-settings
#4
Robert Carter, Kirtigandha Salwe Carter, John Holliday, Alice Holliday, Carlton Keith Harrison
A pragmatic breath-based intervention to benefit human performance and stress management is timely and valuable to individuals seeking holistic approaches for emotional regulation and optimizing compensatory reserve mechanisms. This protocol is designed to not only teach mind-body awareness but also to provide feedback utilizing physiological data and survey results. The primary findings of this study showed that heart coherence and alpha variables were significantly correlated after four weeks of the breath-based meditation stress protocol...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441644/brief-school-based-interventions-to-assist-adolescents-sleep-onset-latency-comparing-mindfulness-and-constructive-worry-versus-controls
#5
Kate Bartel, Chao Huang, Ben Maddock, Paul Williamson, Michael Gradisar
Difficulties falling asleep are common among adolescents, especially during times of stress. Adolescents may thus benefit from brief techniques (15 min) that decrease pre-sleep cognitive-emotional arousal and sleep-onset latency. The present study used a 3 (intervention: mindfulness bodyscan mp3, constructive worry, control) by 3 (time: baseline, week 1, week 2) mixed-model design on a school-based sample of adolescents (N = 232; Mage = 15.9 ± 0.8 years, range = 14-18 years; 19% male), and a sub-sample of adolescents with prolonged sleep-onset latency (i...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439556/mindfulness-based-baduanjin-exercise-for-depression-and-anxiety-in-people-with-physical-or-mental-illnesses-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Liye Zou, Albert Yeung, Xinfeng Quan, Stanley Sai-Chuen Hui, Xiaoyue Hu, Jessie S M Chan, Chaoyi Wang, Sean David Boyden, Li Sun, Huiru Wang
OBJECTIVES: we used a quantitative method to systematically synthesize the emerging literature and critically evaluate the effects of Baduanjin on depression and anxiety in people with physical or mental illnesses. Additionally, we determined if the number of total Baduanjin training sessions is associated with decreased anxiety and depression levels. METHODS: both English and Chinese databases were searched for potential studies published between January 1982 and October 2017...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430258/mindfulness-and-psychological-health-outcomes-a-latent-profile-analysis-among-military-personnel-and-college-students
#7
Adrian J Bravo, Matthew R Pearson, Michelle L Kelley
Previous research on trait mindfulness facets using person-centered analyses (e.g., latent profile analysis [LPA]) has identified four distinct mindfulness profiles among college students: a high mindfulness group (high on all facets of the Five-Factor Mindfulness Questionnaire [FFMQ]), a judgmentally observing group (highest on observing, but low on non-judging of inner experience and acting with awareness), a non-judgmentally aware group (high on non-judging of inner experience and acting with awareness, but very low on observing), and a low mindfulness group (low on all facets of the FFMQ)...
February 2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427371/cause-or-compensation-altered-neuronal-ca2-handling-in-huntington-s-disease
#8
REVIEW
James P Mackay, Wissam B Nassrallah, Lynn A Raymond
Huntington's disease (HD) is a hereditary neurodegenerative disorder of typically middle-aged onset for which there is no disease-modifying treatment. Caudate and putamen medium-sized spiny projection neurons (SPNs) most severely degenerate in HD. However, it is unclear why mutant huntingtin protein (mHTT) is preferentially toxic to these neurons or why symptoms manifest only relatively late in life. mHTT interacts with numerous neuronal proteins. Likewise, multiple SPN cellular processes have been described as altered in various HD models...
February 9, 2018: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422189/a-mindfulness-based-intervention-to-increase-resilience-to-stress-in-university-students-the-mindful-student-study-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Julieta Galante, Géraldine Dufour, Maris Vainre, Adam P Wagner, Jan Stochl, Alice Benton, Neal Lathia, Emma Howarth, Peter B Jones
BACKGROUND: The rising number of young people going to university has led to concerns about an increasing demand for student mental health services. We aimed to assess whether provision of mindfulness courses to university students would improve their resilience to stress. METHODS: We did this pragmatic randomised controlled trial at the University of Cambridge, UK. Students aged 18 years or older with no severe mental illness or crisis (self-assessed) were randomly assigned (1:1), via remote survey software using computer-generated random numbers, to receive either an 8 week mindfulness course adapted for university students (Mindfulness Skills for Students [MSS]) plus mental health support as usual, or mental health support as usual alone...
February 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421829/impact-of-depression-and-psychosocial-treatment-on-heart-rate-variability-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-an-exploratory-analysis-based-on-the-heidis-trial
#10
Verena Zimmermann-Schlegel, Beate Wild, Peter Nawroth, Stefan Kopf, Wolfgang Herzog, Mechthild Hartmann
OBJECTIVES: To explore the impact of depression on heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) as a marker of autonomic nervous system (ANS) impairment in depressed and non-depressed patients with advanced type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and to explore possible effects of an acceptance- and mindfulness-based group intervention (MBSR) on HR and HRV. METHODS: Alongside a prospective clinical trial, we collected demographic, psychosocial and clinical data from 113 chronic T2DM patients in a standardized setting...
February 8, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419734/exploring-interventions-for-sleep-disorders-in-adolescent-cannabis-users
#11
REVIEW
Tzvi Furer, Komal Nayak, Jess P Shatkin
This review summarizes the available literature on the intersection of adolescent cannabis use and sleep disturbances, along with interventions for adolescent cannabis users who suffer sleep impairments. Adolescents are susceptible to various sleep disorders, which are often exacerbated by the use of substances such as cannabis. The relationship between cannabis and sleep is bidirectional. Interventions to improve sleep impairments among adolescent cannabis users to date have demonstrated limited efficacy, although few studies indicating the benefits of behavioral interventions-such as Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Insomnia or Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction-appear promising in the treatment of sleep disorders, which are present for users of cannabis...
February 8, 2018: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416870/a-research-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-designed-to-examine-the-feasibility-of-a-couple-based-mind-body-intervention-for-patients-with-metastatic-lung-cancer-and-their-partners
#12
Kathrin Milbury, Anne S Tsao, Zhongxing Liao, April Owns, Rosalinda Engle, Edrea A Gonzalez, Eduardo Bruera, Lorenzo Cohen
Background: Given the generally incurable nature of metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (mNSCLC), patients and their romantic partners are at risk for existential/spiritual distress. Although a handful of dyadic psychosocial interventions for lung cancer patients and their caregivers exist, none of them target spiritual well-being. Informed by the mindfulness-based intervention literature and our pilot work in couples affected by lung cancer, we developed a brief couple-based mind-body (CBMB) intervention...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415222/military-tailored-yoga-for-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#13
Robin E Cushing, Kathryn L Braun, Susan W Alden C-Iayt, Alan R Katz
Introduction: Among veterans of post-9/11 conflicts, estimates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) range from 9% shortly after returning from deployment to 31% a year after deployment. Clinical and pharmaceutically based treatments are underutilized. This could be due to concerns related to lost duty days, as well as PTSD patients' fears of stigma of having a mental health condition. Yoga has been shown to reduce PTSD symptoms in the civilian population, but few studies have tested the impact of yoga on veterans of post-9/11 conflicts...
February 5, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414564/positive-psychological-interventions-for-people-with-epilepsy-an-assessment-on-factors-related-to-intervention-participation
#14
Siew-Tim Lai, Kheng-Seang Lim, Venus Tang, Wah-Yun Low
BACKGROUND: Positive psychological interventions (PPI) are increasingly employed as a coping strategy with physical and mental conditions, including neurological diseases. Its effectiveness on improving wellbeing in people with epilepsy (PWE) has been shown in a few studies. This study aimed to explore factors related to participants' willingness to engage in psychological interventions from the perspective of patients with epilepsy. METHODS: Participants answered a needs assessment questionnaire eliciting information about their illness perception (Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (Brief-IPQ)), emotions (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)), willingness to participate in psychological interventions, preferences in types of PPI and intervention designs, as well as barriers in seeking mental health services...
January 23, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411670/mindfulness-in-severe-and-persistent-mental-illness-a-systematic-review
#15
Angela Potes, Gabriel Souza, Katerina Nikolitch, Romeo Penheiro, Yara Moussa, Eric Jarvis, Karl Looper, Soham Rej
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review summarises the current state of research on mindfulness in SPMI, given the pressing need to provide alternative, scalable and cost-effective treatment modalities for patients with severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI). METHODS: Articles included mindfulness-based interventions for SPMI. Excluded articles included qualitative studies, acceptance and compassion therapies, case reports and reviews. Studies were identified by searching the databases Medline, Embase and PsycINFO...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409370/clinical-practice-guideline-for-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-2017
#16
Takayuki Sumida, Naoto Azuma, Masafumi Moriyama, Hiroyuki Takahashi, Hiromitsu Asashima, Fumika Honda, Saori Abe, Yuko Ono, Tomoya Hirota, Shintaro Hirata, Yoshiya Tanaka, Toshimasa Shimizu, Hideki Nakamura, Atsushi Kawakami, Hajime Sano, Yoko Ogawa, Kazuo Tsubota, Koufuchi Ryo, Ichiro Saito, Akihiko Tanaka, Seiji Nakamura, Etsuko Takamura, Masao Tanaka, Katsuya Suzuki, Tsutomu Takeuchi, Noriyuki Yamakawa, Tsuneyo Mimori, Akiko Ohta, Susumu Nishiyama, Toshio Yoshihara, Yasunori Suzuki, Mitsuhiro Kawano, Minako Tomiita, Hiroto Tsuboi
OBJECTIVES: To develop clinical practice guideline (CPG) for Sjögren's syndrome (SS) based on recently available clinical and therapeutic evidences. METHODS: The CPG committee for SS was organized by the Research Team for Autoimmune Diseases, Research Program for Intractable Disease of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW), Japan. The committee completed a systematic review of evidences for several clinical questions and developed CPG for SS 2017 according to the procedure proposed by the Medical Information Network Distribution Service (Minds)...
February 7, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407527/mindfulness-and-laboratory-eating-behavior-in-adolescent-girls-at-risk-for-type-2-diabetes
#17
Shelly K Annameier, Nichole R Kelly, Amber B Courville, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Jack A Yanovski, Lauren B Shomaker
Mindfulness-based intervention has become increasingly popular to address disinhibited eating in obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Theoretically, present-moment attention promotes the ability to recognize and respond to internal hunger cues and to differentiate physiological hunger from other stimuli. Yet, there is limited research describing the relationship of mindfulness with disinhibited eating patterns in adolescents. In this study, we evaluated the relationship of dispositional mindfulness to laboratory eating in 107 adolescent (12-17 years) girls at risk for T2D...
January 30, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405863/effect-of-seminar-on-compassion-on-student-self-compassion-mindfulness-and-well-being-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Celine M Ko, Fran Grace, Gilbert N Chavez, Sarah J Grimleya, Emily R Dalrymple, Lisa E Olson
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness-based interventions have been shown to have psychological benefits in college students. We explored the effects of an academic seminar on compassion on student psychological health. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-one participants (14 male, 27 female, mean age 19.8 ±1.4 years) were assessed pre- and post- spring semesters 2013 and 2014. METHODS: Students were randomized to the seminar on compassion or a wait-list control group...
February 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403322/psychological-treatments-for-the-management-of-postsurgical-pain-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
REVIEW
Judith L Nicholls, Muhammad A Azam, Lindsay C Burns, Marina Englesakis, Ainsley M Sutherland, Aliza Z Weinrib, Joel Katz, Hance Clarke
Background: Inadequately managed pain is a risk factor for chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP), a growing public health challenge. Multidisciplinary pain-management programs with psychological approaches, including cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), and mindfulness-based psychotherapy, have shown efficacy as treatments for chronic pain, and show promise as timely interventions in the pre/perioperative periods for the management of PSP. We reviewed the literature to identify randomized controlled trials evaluating the efficacy of these psychotherapy approaches on pain-related surgical outcomes...
2018: Patient related Outcome Measures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391366/exploring-the-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-recovery-focused-group-therapy-intervention-for-adults-with-bipolar-disorder-trial-protocol
#20
Alison K Beck, Amanda Baker, Steven Jones, Fiona Lobban, Frances Kay-Lambkin, John Attia, Michelle Banfield
INTRODUCTION: Improving accessible, acceptable recovery-oriented service provision for people with bipolar disorder (BD) is an important priority. Mindfulness and acceptance-based cognitive and behavioural therapies (or 'third -wave' CBT) may prove fruitful due to the considerable overlap between these approaches and key features of personal recovery. Groups also confer therapeutic benefits consistent with personal recovery and may improve recovery-oriented service provision by adding another modality for accessing support...
January 31, 2018: BMJ Open
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