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Mindfulness based interventions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538871/what-do-cochrane-systematic-reviews-say-about-interventions-for-autism-spectrum-disorders
#1
Larissa Lyra, Luiz Eduardo Rizzo, Camila Sá Sunahara, Daniela Vianna Pachito, Carolina de Oliveira Cruz Latorraca, Ana Luiza Cabrera Martimbianco, Rachel Riera
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) include autistic disorder, Asperger's disorder and pervasive developmental disorder. The manifestations of ASDs can have an important impact on learning and social functioning that may persist during adulthood. The aim here was to summarize the evidence from Cochrane systematic reviews on interventions for ASDs. DESIGN AND SETTING: Review of systematic reviews, conducted within the Discipline of Evidence-Based Medicine, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo...
March 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529544/complementary-and-alternative-interventions-for-fatigue-management-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#2
Gang-Zhu Xu, Yan-Feng Li, Mao-De Wang, Dong-Yuan Cao
BACKGROUND: We systematically reviewed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of complementary and alternative interventions for fatigue after traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: We searched multiple online sources including ClinicalTrials.gov, the Cochrane Library database, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, the Web of Science, AMED, PsychINFO, Toxline, ProQuest Digital Dissertations, PEDro, PsycBite, and the World Health Organization (WHO) trial registry, in addition to hand searching of grey literature...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527330/home-practice-in-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-and-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-participants-mindfulness-practice-and-its-association-with-outcomes
#3
Christine E Parsons, Catherine Crane, Liam J Parsons, Lone Overby Fjorback, Willem Kuyken
Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) and Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) emphasize the importance of mindfulness practice at home as an integral part of the program. However, the extent to which participants complete their assigned practice is not yet clear, nor is it clear whether this practice is associated with positive outcomes. For this systematic review and meta-analysis, searches were performed using Scopus and PubMed for studies published through to the end of 2015, reporting on formal home practice of mindfulness by MBSR or MBCT participants...
May 10, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515801/effectiveness-and-usability-of-a-web-based-mindfulness-intervention-for-families-living-with-mental-illness
#4
Sigrid Stjernswärd, Lars Hansson
Families living with mental illness express needs of support and experiences of burden that may affect their own health detrimentally and hence also their ability to support the patient. Mindfulness-based interventions have shown beneficial health effects in both clinical and healthy populations. The aim of the current study was to explore the effectiveness and usability of a web-based mindfulness program for families living with mental illness, which was first tested in a feasibility study. The study was designed as a randomized controlled trial with an experiment group and a wait-list control group with assessments on primary and secondary outcomes at baseline, post-intervention, and at a 3-month follow-up...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514360/-preoperative-mri-diagnostics-of-the-topographic-features-of-neck-arteries-in-the-patients-presenting-with-chronic-tonsillitis
#5
A I Kryukov, G Yu Tsarapkin, A A Ivanchikov, A S Tovmasyan, I G Kolbanova, S G Arzamazov, S A Panasov, E V Gorovaya, A S Kakorin
The objective of the present study was to determine the frequency of abnormalities of the major neck vessels and elucidate the specific features of blood supply of palatine tonsil based on the results of MRI performed in the vasculature-targeting regimen. A total of 109 patients presenting with chronic tonsillitis (including 64 women and 45 men at the age varying from 15 to 54 years) were available for the examination. All the patients underwent the MRI diagnostic study of the neck vessels by way of the preliminary evaluation of their condition at the pre-hospital stage...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511703/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Robert Simpson, Frances S Mair, Stewart W Mercer
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a stressful condition. Mental health comorbidity is common. Stress can increase the risk of depression, reduce quality of life (QOL), and possibly exacerbate disease activity in MS. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) may help, but has been little studied in MS, particularly among more disabled individuals. METHODS: The objective of this study was to test the feasibility and likely effectiveness of a standard MBSR course for people with MS...
May 16, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507497/sense-of-coherence-as-a-protective-factor-in-chronic-urticaria
#7
Alicja Ograczyk, Joanna Miniszewska, Anna Pietrzak, Anna Zalewska-Janowska
INTRODUCTION: Chronic urticaria (CU) seems to be perceived as a psychodermatological disorder. Different psychological factors play an important role in CU triggering and course. One of them is a sense of coherence (SOC), which is believed to be a protective factor against anxiety and depression. AIM: To investigate quality of life (QoL) in CU patients and to compare selected psychological parameters (anxiety, depression and sense of coherence) between CU individuals and the control group...
April 2017: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506281/a-telephonic-mindfulness-based-intervention-for-persons-with-sickle-cell-disease-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Hants Williams, Susan Silva, Leigh Ann Simmons, Paula Tanabe
BACKGROUND: One of the most difficult symptoms for persons with sickle cell disease (SCD) to manage is chronic pain. Chronic pain impacts approximately one-third of persons with SCD and is associated with increased pain intensity, pain behavior, and frequency and duration of hospital visits. A promising category of nonpharmacological interventions for managing both physical and affective components of pain are mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs). METHODS/DESIGN: The primary aim of this study is to conduct a randomized controlled study to evaluate the acceptability and feasibility, as well as to determine the preliminary efficacy, of a telephonic MBI for adults with SCD who have chronic pain...
May 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506263/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#9
G McLean, M Lawrence, R Simpson, S W Mercer
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) is increasingly being used to improve outcomes such as stress and depression in a range of long-term conditions (LTCs). While systematic reviews on MBSR have taken place for a number of conditions there remains limited information on its impact on individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: Medline, Central, Embase, Amed, CINAHAL were searched in March 2016. These databases were searched using a combination of MeSH subject headings where available and keywords in the title and abstracts...
May 15, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501707/mechanisms-of-action-in-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-mbct-and-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-in-people-with-physical-and-or-psychological-conditions-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Modi Alsubaie, Rebecca Abbott, Barnaby Dunn, Chris Dickens, Tina Frieda Keil, William Henley, Willem Kuyken
BACKGROUND: Recently, there has been an increased interest in studying the effects of mindfulness-based interventions for people with psychological and physical problems. However, the mechanisms of action in these interventions that lead to beneficial physical and psychological outcomes have yet to be clearly identified. PURPOSE: The aim of this paper is to review, systematically, the evidence to date on the mechanisms of action in mindfulness interventions in populations with physical and/or psychological conditions...
April 23, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499376/benefits-of-preparing-for-childbirth-with-mindfulness-training-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-active-comparison
#11
Larissa G Duncan, Michael A Cohn, Maria T Chao, Joseph G Cook, Jane Riccobono, Nancy Bardacke
BACKGROUND: Childbirth fear is linked with lower labor pain tolerance and worse postpartum adjustment. Empirically validated childbirth preparation options are lacking for pregnant women facing this problem. Mindfulness approaches, now widely disseminated, can alleviate symptoms of both chronic and acute pain and improve psychological adjustment, suggesting potential benefit when applied to childbirth education. METHODS: This study, the Prenatal Education About Reducing Labor Stress (PEARLS) study, is a randomized controlled trial (RCT; n = 30) of a short, time-intensive, 2...
May 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499257/distinguishing-the-cognitive-processes-of-mindfulness-developing-a-standardised-mindfulness-technique-for-use-in-longitudinal-randomised-control-trials
#12
REVIEW
Ben Isbel, Mathew J Summers
A capacity model of mindfulness is adopted to differentiate the cognitive faculty of mindfulness from the metacognitive processes required to cultivate this faculty in mindfulness training. The model provides an explanatory framework incorporating both the developmental progression from focussed attention to open monitoring styles of mindfulness practice, along with the development of equanimity and insight. A standardised technique for activating these processes without the addition of secondary components is then introduced...
May 9, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488881/mindfulness-based-relapse-prevention-for-methadone-maintenance-a-feasibility-trial
#13
Sarah Bowen, Vanessa C Somohano, Rachel E Rutkie, Jacob A Manuel, Kristoffer L Rehder
OBJECTIVES: As rates of opiate misuse rise in the United States, so do significant associated health and financial consequences to afflicted individuals, their families, and society at large. Methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) is one evidence-based approach to treating opiate addiction, yet supplemental psychosocial treatment to support this approach is lacking. Mindfulness-based relapse prevention (MBRP) has shown to be efficacious in various substance use populations, but has yet to be assessed with MMT clients...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483271/-mindful-neuropsychology-mindfulness-based-cognitive-remediation
#14
E Bulzacka, S Lavault, A Pelissolo, C Bagnis Isnard
OBJECTIVES: Mindfulness based interventions (MBI) have recently gained much interest in western medicine. MBSR paradigm is based on teaching participants to pay complete attention to the present experience and act nonjudgmentally towards stressful events. During this mental practice the meditator focuses his or her attention on the sensations of the body. While the distractions (mental images, thoughts, emotional or somatic states) arise the participant is taught to acknowledge discursive thoughts and cultivate the state of awareness without immediate reaction...
May 5, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481837/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-and-persistent-pain-in-women-treated-for-primary-breast-cancer-exploring-possible-statistical-mediators-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Maja Johannsen, Maja O'Connor, Mia Skytte O'Toole, Anders Bonde Jensen, Robert Zachariae
OBJECTIVES: To investigate possible statistical mediators in a randomized controlled trial of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) on pain intensity in women treated for primary breast cancer. METHODS: The sample consisted of 129 women treated for breast cancer, presenting with persistent pain, who were randomly assigned to MBCT or a wait-list control. We previously reported a statistically significant and robust effect of MBCT on pain intensity (11-point Numeric Rating Scale), which was included as the primary outcome...
May 5, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481572/pathways-to-happiness-are-multidirectional-associations-between-state-mindfulness-and-everyday-affective-experience
#16
Elisabeth S Blanke, Michaela Riediger, Annette Brose
Mindfulness is commonly defined as a multidimensional mode of being attentive to, and aware of, momentary experiences while taking a nonjudgmental and accepting stance. These qualities have been linked to 2 different facets of affective well-being: being attentive is proposed to lead to an appreciation of experiences as they are, and thus to positive affect (PA). Accepting unpleasant experiences in a nonjudgmental fashion has been hypothesized to reduce negative affect (NA). Alternatively, however, attention may increase both positive and negative affectivity, whereas nonjudgmental acceptance may modify how people relate to their experiences...
May 8, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477343/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-mbct-is-cost-effective-compared-to-a-wait-list-control-for-persistent-pain-in-women-treated-for-primary-breast-cancer-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
M Johannsen, J Sørensen, M O'Connor, A B Jensen, R Zachariae
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cost-effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) com- pared to a wait-list control group for pain in women treated for breast cancer. METHODS: A total of 129 women were randomly allocated to MBCT or a wait-list control group. The primary outcome was the Minimal Clinically Important Difference (MCID) on pain intensity (>2 point reduction on an 11-point Numeric Rating Scale). Analyses were conducted from the healthcare system perspective and included data on healthcare utilization and pain medication retrieved from national registries for the period from baseline (T1) to 6 months post-intervention (T4)...
May 5, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475123/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-inpatients-with-psychosis-the-reach-study-protocol-for-treatment-development-and-pilot-testing
#18
Brandon A Gaudiano, Carter H Davis, Gary Epstein-Lubow, Jennifer E Johnson, Kim T Mueser, Ivan W Miller
Patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders frequently require treatment at inpatient hospitals during periods of acute illness for crisis management and stabilization. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), a "third wave" cognitive-behavioral intervention that employs innovative mindfulness-based strategies, has shown initial efficacy in randomized controlled trials for improving acute and post-discharge outcomes in patients with psychosis when studied in acute-care psychiatric hospitals in the U.S. However, the intervention has not been widely adopted in its current form because of its use of an individual-only format and delivery by doctoral-level research therapists with extensive prior experience using ACT...
May 5, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473783/women-benefit-more-than-men-in-response-to-college-based-meditation-training
#19
Rahil Rojiani, Juan F Santoyo, Hadley Rahrig, Harold D Roth, Willoughby B Britton
Objectives: While recent literature has shown that mindfulness training has positive effects on treating anxiety and depression, there has been virtually no research investigating whether effects differ across genders-despite the fact that men and women differ in clinically significant ways. The current study investigated whether college-based meditation training had different effects on negative affect for men and women. Methods: Seventy-seven university students (36 women, age = 20.7 ± 3.0 years) participated in 12-week courses with meditation training components...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469530/describing-the-implementation-of-an-innovative-intervention-and-evaluating-its-effectiveness-in-increasing-research-capacity-of-advanced-clinical-nurses-using-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research
#20
Gabrielle McKee, Margaret Codd, Orla Dempsey, Paul Gallagher, Catherine Comiskey
BACKGROUND: Despite advanced nursing roles having a research competency, participation in research is low. There are many barriers to participation in research and few interventions have been developed to address these. This paper aims to describe the implementation of an intervention to increase research participation in advanced clinical nursing roles and evaluate its effectiveness. METHODS: The implementation of the intervention was carried out within one hospital site...
2017: BMC Nursing
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