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Mindfulness based interventions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681185/cognitively-based-compassion-training-cbct-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-randomized-clinical-trial-study
#1
Edgar Gonzalez-Hernandez, Rocio Romero, Daniel Campos, Diana Burichka, Rebeca Diego-Pedro, Rosa Baños, Lobsang Tenzin Negi, Ausiàs Cebolla
CONTEXT: Breast cancer (BC) requires a significant psychological adaptation once treatment is finished. There is growing evidence of how compassion training enhances psychological and physical well-being, however, there are very few studies analyzing the efficacy of compassion-based Interventions on BC survivors. OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy of the Cognitively-Based Compassion Training (CBCT) protocol in a BC survivor sample on quality of life, psychological well-being, fear of cancer recurrence, self-compassion, and compassion domains and mindfulness facets...
April 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679670/mindfulness-based-relapse-prevention-combined-with-virtual-reality-cue-exposure-for-methamphetamine-addiction-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
XiJing Chen, Dongmei Wang, Lidan Zhou, Markus Winkler, Paul Pauli, Nan Sui, Yonghui Li
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based relapse prevention (MBRP) is a method that combines cognitive behavioral relapse prevention with mindfulness practice. Research shows that MBRP can effectively reduce negative emotions and craving in people with substance use disorders (SUDs). An important part of MBRP is to practice mindfulness meditation to cope with high-risk situations for relapse, such as stimuli and situations associated with drug taking. Virtual reality cue exposure (VRCE) may be a complementary approach to MBRP as it allows for controlled and graded presentations of various high-risk situations with distal and proximal drug cues...
April 18, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676960/psychotherapy-targeting-depression-and-anxiety-for-use-in-palliative-care-a-meta-analysis
#3
Jessica J Fulton, Amie R Newins, Laura S Porter, Katherine Ramos
BACKGROUND: Research on the effectiveness of evidence-based practices in the treatment of depression and anxiety with palliative care populations is primarily limited to individuals having specific conditions such as cancer. OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis examined the effect of psychotherapy on depression and anxiety among individuals with any condition appropriate for palliative care. METHODS: We searched PubMed, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE databases until August 2017...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673837/movements-of-older-adults-during-exergaming-interventions-that-are-associated-with-the-systems-framework-for-postural-control-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Robin Tahmosybayat, Katherine Baker, Alan Godfrey, Nick Caplan, Gill Barry
One in three older adults fall annually, in part due to impairments in the physiological systems that make up the postural control (PC) system. Exercise, particularly balance training, helps to prevent deterioration and even to improve outcomes in the PC system. Exergaming (exercise-gaming) is interactive computer gaming whereby an individual moves the body in response to onscreen cues in a playful format. Exergaming is an alternative method to standard practice for improving PC outcomes, which has been shown to reduce the risk of falling...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669617/does-a-modified-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-mbct-course-have-the-potential-to-reduce-stress-and-burnout-in-nhs-gps-feasibility-study
#5
Kate Hamilton-West, Tracy Pellatt-Higgins, Neil Pillai
AimTo explore, for the first time, whether a modified mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) course has the potential to reduce stress and burnout among National Health Service (NHS) General Practitioners. BACKGROUND: There is a crisis of low morale among NHS GPs, with most describing their workload as 'unmanageable'. MBCT has been demonstrated to improve stress and burnout in other populations, but has not yet been evaluated in a cohort of NHS GPs. METHODS: NHS GPs in South East England (n=22) attended a modified version of the MBCT course approved by National Institute for Health and Care Excellence for prevention of depressive relapse...
April 19, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669599/mindfulness-based-treatment-of-addiction-current-state-of-the-field-and-envisioning-the-next-wave-of-research
#6
REVIEW
Eric L Garland, Matthew O Howard
Contemporary advances in addiction neuroscience have paralleled increasing interest in the ancient mental training practice of mindfulness meditation as a potential therapy for addiction. In the past decade, mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have been studied as a treatment for an array addictive behaviors, including drinking, smoking, opioid misuse, and use of illicit substances like cocaine and heroin. This article reviews current research evaluating MBIs as a treatment for addiction, with a focus on findings pertaining to clinical outcomes and biobehavioral mechanisms...
April 18, 2018: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660642/mindfulness-based-interventions-and-their-effects-on-emotional-clarity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
David Cooper, Keong Yap, Luisa Batalha
BACKGROUND: An inability to identify or describe internal emotional experience has been linked to a range of affective disorders. Despite burgeoning research on mindfulness-based interventions and their possible effects on emotion regulation, the effects of such interventions on emotional clarity is unclear. This review examines the evidence for the effect of mindfulness-based interventions on self-reported emotional clarity. METHOD: Published studies indexed by PsycINFO, PubMed and Scopus, as available in April 2017, were systematically reviewed...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657696/comparing-effectiveness-of-mindfulness-based-relapse-prevention-with-treatment-as-usual-on-impulsivity-and-relapse-for-methadone-treated-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Mehdi Yaghubi, Fatemeh Zargar, Hossein Akbari
Background: Impulsivity is one of the causes of relapse that can affect treatment outcomes. Studies have shown that addiction treatments can reduce impulsivity in drug-dependent individuals. Studies also have suggested that mindfulness is associated with impulsivity. However, no study has investigated the effectiveness of the mindfulness-based intervention on impulsivity in opioid-dependent individuals. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of mindfulness-based relapse prevention (MBRP) with treatment as usual (TAU) in terms of impulsivity and relapse for methadone-treated patients...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657562/mental-health-disorder-therapeutic-modalities-modified-for-the-gms
#9
REVIEW
Tipsuda Sumneangsanor, Sararud Vuthiarpa, Chomchueun Somprasert
Background: Mental health disorders can affect physical and psychological behaviors. The people of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) have a high risk of mental health disorders, such as depression, stress, and substance abuse be-cause the people in this region are trafficked for forced sex work and various forms of forced labor. In these situations, vic-tims often endure violence and abuse from trafficking recruiters, employers, and other individuals. The purposes of this study were to identify the elements characterizing mental health disorders, especially in terms of depression, stress, and sub-stance abuse, and to identify the treatment modalities for mental health disorders in the GMS...
December 2017: Current Psychiatry Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653295/feasibility-of-a-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-group-intervention-as-an-adjunctive-treatment-for-postpartum-depression-and-anxiety
#10
Barbara Shulman, Royce Dueck, Deirdre Ryan, Genevieve Breau, Isabel Sadowski, Shaila Misri
BACKGROUND: Many women experience moderate-to-severe depression and anxiety in the postpartum period for which pharmacotherapy is often the first-line treatment. Many breastfeeding mothers are reticent to increase their dose or consider additional medication, despite incomplete response, due to potential adverse effects on their newborn. These mothers are amenable to non-pharmacological intervention for complete symptom remission. The current study evaluated the feasibility of an eight-week mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) intervention as an adjunctive treatment for postpartum depression and anxiety...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651784/are-the-effects-of-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-severe-fatigue-in-cancer-survivors-sustained-up-to-14-years-after-therapy
#11
Lidewij D Van Gessel, Harriët J G Abrahams, Hetty Prinsen, Gijs Bleijenberg, Marianne Heins, Jos Twisk, Hanneke W M Van Laarhoven, Stans C A H H V M Verhagen, Marieke F M Gielissen, Hans Knoop
PURPOSE: Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) reduces cancer-related fatigue (CRF) in cancer survivors in the short term. We examined fatigue levels up to 14 years after CBT. METHODS: Eligible participants of two randomized controlled trials who had completed CBT for CRF and a post-treatment assessment were contacted (n = 81). Fatigue was assessed with the subscale "fatigue severity" of the Checklist Individual Strength (CIS-fatigue). The course of fatigue over time was examined with linear mixed model analyses...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651257/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-substance-and-behavioral-addictions-a-systematic-review
#12
Marta Sancho, Marta De Gracia, Rita C Rodríguez, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Jéssica Sánchez-González, Joan Trujols, Isabel Sánchez, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Jose M Menchón
Background: Emotion (dys)regulation as well as the interventions for improving these difficulties are receiving a growing attention in the literature. The aim of the present paper was to conduct a systematic review about the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) in both substance and behavioral addictions (BAs). Method: A literature search was conducted using Cochrane, PubMed, and Web of Science. Fifty-four randomized controlled trials published in English since 2009 to April 2017 were included into a narrative synthesis...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642766/trauma-related-sleep-problems-and-associated-health-outcomes-in-police-officers-a-path-analysis
#13
Brian A Chopko, Patrick A Palmieri, Richard E Adams
Police officers are frequently exposed to two different types of potentially traumatic events: one dealing with physical threats to self and the other involving the witnessing of harm to others. These different types of traumatic experiences are thought to produce various posttraumatic reactions. Furthermore, sleep problems are also reported as a hallmark of posttraumatic stress disorder. There is evidence, however, that sleep problems may mediate the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and health outcomes, especially physical health and depression...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627695/mindfulness-based-resilience-training-to-reduce-health-risk-stress-reactivity-and-aggression-among-law-enforcement-officers-a-feasibility-and-preliminary-efficacy-trial
#14
Michael S Christopher, Matthew Hunsinger, Lt Richard J Goerling, Sarah Bowen, Brant S Rogers, Cynthia R Gross, Eli Dapolonia, Jens C Pruessner
The primary objective of this study was to assess feasibility and gather preliminary outcome data on Mindfulness-Based Resilience Training (MBRT) for law enforcement officers. Participants (n = 61) were randomized to either an 8-week MBRT course or a no intervention control group. Self-report and physiological data were collected at baseline, post-training, and three months following intervention completion. Attendance, adherence, post-training participant feedback, and interventionist fidelity to protocol all demonstrated feasibility of MBRT for law enforcement officers...
March 23, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626792/mindfulness-buffers-the-effects-of-cue-induced-craving-on-alcohol-demand-in-college-drinkers
#15
Ariel Hochster, Jennifer Block-Lerner, Donald R Marks, Joel Erblich
Alcohol consumption among young adult college students represents a significant public health problem. The presence of alcohol-related cues in drinkers' environments can trigger powerful alcohol cravings, which may influence drinking outcomes. Less is known about how this cue-induced craving influences behavioral economic demand for alcohol. In addition, research has suggested that trait mindfulness may be an important buffer of the effects of internal states of craving on drinking decisions. Based on this literature, we hypothesized that cue-induced cravings would be associated with increased alcohol demand, an effect that would be attenuated among drinkers who have higher levels of mindfulness...
March 22, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617221/the-effects-of-mindfulness-based-interventions-on-diabetes-related-distress-quality-of-life-and-metabolic-control-among-persons-with-diabetes-a-meta-analytic-review
#16
Leah M Bogusch, William H O'Brien
Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have improved psychological outcomes for multiple chronic health conditions, including diabetes. A meta-analytic review of the literature was conducted on all located studies (n = 14) investigating MBIs that targeted diabetes-related distress (DRD) and diabetes-related outcomes among people with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. PsychInfo, PubMed, Medline, and Web of Science were searched for MBIs that were designed to improve DRD and other secondary outcomes, including quality of life and measures of metabolic control...
April 4, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616846/specific-transcriptome-changes-associated-with-blood-pressure-reduction-in-hypertensive-patients-after-relaxation-response-training
#17
Manoj K Bhasin, John W Denninger, Jeff C Huffman, Marie G Joseph, Halsey Niles, Emma Chad-Friedman, Roberta Goldman, Beverly Buczynski-Kelley, Barbara A Mahoney, Gregory L Fricchione, Jeffery A Dusek, Herbert Benson, Randall M Zusman, Towia A Libermann
OBJECTIVE: Mind-body practices that elicit the relaxation response (RR) have been demonstrated to reduce blood pressure (BP) in essential hypertension (HTN) and may be an adjunct to antihypertensive drug therapy. However, the molecular mechanisms by which the RR reduces BP remain undefined. DESIGN: Genomic determinants associated with responsiveness to an 8-week RR-based mind-body intervention for lowering HTN in 13 stage 1 hypertensive patients classified as BP responders and 11 as nonresponders were identified...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615905/four-weekly-ayahuasca-sessions-lead-to-increases-in-acceptance-capacities-a-comparison-study-with-a-standard-8-week-mindfulness-training-program
#18
Joaquim Soler, Matilde Elices, Elisabeth Dominguez-Clavé, Juan C Pascual, Amanda Feilding, Mayte Navarro-Gil, Javier García-Campayo, Jordi Riba
Background: The therapeutic effects of the Amazonian plant tea ayahuasca may relate to its ability to enhance mindfulness capacities. Ayahuasca induces a modified state of awareness through the combined action of its active principles: the psychedelic N,N- dimethyltryptamine (DMT) and a series of centrally acting β-carbolines, mainly harmine and tetrahydroharmine. To better understand the therapeutic potential of ayahuasca, here we compared the impact on mindfulness capacities induced by two independent interventions: (a) participation in four ayahuasca sessions without any specific purpose related to improving mindfulness capacities; and (b) participation in a standard mindfulness training course: 8 weeks mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), with the specific goal of improving these skills...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614706/yoga-and-meditation-based-lifestyle-intervention-increases-neuroplasticity-and-reduces-severity-of-major-depressive-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Madhuri R Tolahunase, Rajesh Sagar, Muneeb Faiq, Rima Dada
BACKGROUND: Current interventions for major depressive disorder (MDD) are suboptimal, and only one third respond to them on initial treatment. Neuroplasticity theories are the basis for several emerging treatments. Evidence on the impact of yoga, a well-known mind-body intervention, on neuroplasticity in MDD is limited. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of 12-week yoga- and meditation- based lifestyle intervention (YMLI) on depression severity and systemic biomarkers of neuroplasticity in adult MDD patients on routine drug treatment...
March 25, 2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609928/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-utilisation-for-the-management-of-acute-respiratory-tract-infection-in-children-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
S Lucas, M Leach, S Kumar
INTRODUCTION: As many as one in two children across the globe use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) to manage a health condition. Despite the high prevalence of use, there is still limited information on the types of CAM used in children, particularly for the management of one of the most common childhood health complaints - acute respiratory tract infection (ARTI). This systematic review was undertaken to address this knowledge gap. METHODS: Eligible studies reporting the use of CAM in children with ARTI were identified using a targeted search of seven electronic databases and the grey literature...
April 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
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