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Mindfulness based interventions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323473/video-based-grocery-shopping-intervention-effect-on-purchasing-behaviors-among-latina-shoppers
#1
Hortensia Amaro, Dharma E Cortés, Samantha Garcia, Lei Duan, David S Black
OBJECTIVES: To compare changes in food-purchasing knowledge, self-efficacy, and behavior after viewing nutrition education videos among Los Angeles, California Latinas responsible for household grocery shopping. METHODS: From February to May 2015, a convenience sample of 113 Latinas watched 1 video (El Carrito Saludable) featuring MyPlate guidelines applied to grocery shopping (1-video intervention) and another convenience sample of 105 Latinas watched 2 videos (El Carrito Saludable and Ser Consciente), the latter featuring mindfulness to support attention and overcome distractions while grocery shopping (2-video intervention)...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304333/improving-communication-between-physicians-and-their-patients-through-mindfulness-and-compassion-based-strategies-a-narrative-review
#2
REVIEW
Alberto Amutio-Kareaga, Javier García-Campayo, Luis Carlos Delgado, Daniel Hermosilla, Cristina Martínez-Taboada
Communication between physicians and patients is a key pillar of psychosocial support for enhancing the healing process of patients and for increasing their well-being and quality of life. Physicians and other health professionals might benefit from interventions that increase their self-care, awareness, compassion, and other-focused concern, and reduce the chances of distress and burnout. There is substantial evidence for the contribution of different management strategies to achieve these aims. The goal of this article is to review the potential effect of mindfulness and compassion-based strategies for the improvement of physician-patient interactions...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302564/tackling-maladaptive-memories-through-reconsolidation-from-neural-to-clinical-science
#3
James W B Elsey, Merel Kindt
Behavioral neuroscience has greatly informed how we understand the formation, persistence, and plasticity of memory. Research has demonstrated that memory reactivation can induce a labile period, during which previously consolidated memories are sensitive to change, and in need of restabilization. This process is known as reconsolidation. Such findings have advanced not only our basic understanding of memory processes, but also hint at the prospect of harnessing these insights for the development of a new generation of treatments for disorders of emotional memory...
March 13, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297594/the-role-of-staging-in-planning-psychotherapeutic-interventions-in-depression
#4
Jenny Guidi, Elena Tomba, Fiammetta Cosci, Seung K Park, Giovanni A Fava
CONTEXT: The purpose of this critical review is to examine the role of staging in planning a psychotherapeutic intervention in depressive disorders. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: English-language studies concerned with staging in depressive disorders were identified in MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Web of Science and by manual search of the literature. Selection of articles was based on their methodological quality and implications for clinical practice. RESULTS: Staging may allow clinicians to apply a psychotherapeutic intervention to specific phases of the development of depressive disorders: certain psychotherapeutic approaches, such as well-being therapy and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, appear to be uniquely suited for addressing the residual phase of depression, whereas interpersonal psychotherapy has been mainly tested in the acute phase...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291302/psychosocial-group-interventions-to-improve-psychological-well-being-in-adults-living-with-hiv
#5
REVIEW
Ingrid van der Heijden, Naeemah Abrahams, David Sinclair
BACKGROUND: Being diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and labelled with a chronic, life-threatening, and often stigmatizing disease, can impact on a person's well-being. Psychosocial group interventions aim to improve life-functioning and coping as individuals adjust to the diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of psychosocial group interventions for improving the psychological well-being of adults living with HIV/AIDS. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following electronic databases up to 14 March 2016: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) published in the Cochrane Library (Issue 2, 2016), PubMed (MEDLINE) (1996 to 14 March 2016), Embase (1996 to 14 March 2016), and Clinical Trials...
March 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290269/trajectories-of-child-externalizing-problems-between-ages-3-and-10-years-contributions-of-children-s-early-effortful-control-theory-of-mind-and-parenting-experiences
#6
Sheryl L Olson, Daniel Ewon Choe, Arnold J Sameroff
Preventing problem behavior requires an understanding of earlier factors that are amenable to intervention. The main goals of our prospective longitudinal study were to trace trajectories of child externalizing behavior between ages 3 and 10 years, and to identify patterns of developmentally significant child and parenting risk factors that differentiated pathways of problem behavior. Participants were 218 3-year-old boys and girls who were reassessed following the transition to kindergarten (age 5-6 years) and during the late school-age years (age 10)...
March 14, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286985/use-of-mindfulness-meditation-and-relaxation-to-treat-vasomotor-symptoms
#7
K M Goldstein, M Shepherd-Banigan, R R Coeytaux, J R McDuffie, S Adam, D Befus, A P Goode, A S Kosinski, V Masilamani, J W Williams
Postmenopausal women with bothersome vasomotor symptoms (VMS) often seek alternatives to hormone-based treatment due to medication risks or personal preference. We sought to identify the effects of meditation, mindfulness, hypnosis and relaxation on VMS and health-related quality of life in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women. To do this, we conducted an umbrella review supplemented by new randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) published since the most recent good-quality systematic review for eligible interventions...
April 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286971/yin-yoga-and-mindfulness-a-five-week-randomized-controlled-study-evaluating-the-effects-of-the-yomi-program-on-stress-and-worry
#8
Frida Hylander, Maria Johansson, Daiva Daukantaitė, Kai Ruggeri
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The YOMI program is a psychoeducational training and physical practice-based program that bridges knowledge from evidence-based psychotherapy with the practice of mindfulness and yin yoga. It consists of 10 content-specific sessions and does not include home assignments. The primary purpose of this randomized controlled trial is to evaluate the effects of the five-week YOMI program on perceived stress, worry and mindfulness in a non-clinical sample. DESIGN AND METHOD: In this randomized controlled trial participants were assigned to two groups...
March 13, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283982/caregivers-had-neighbourhood-support-but-perceived-it-unsatisfactory-and-worsened-england-community-life-survey-2012-2014
#9
Ivy Shiue
There has been limited research studying neighbourhood support for caregivers. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the support from neighbourhoods between both caregivers and non-caregivers in a country-wide and population-based setting. Data were retrieved from England Community Life Survey, 2012-2014, a new annual household survey conducted by face-to-face interview since 2012, with a representative sample size of 5-6000 adult (aged 16 years and over) resident per year in England. Chi-square test and logistic regression modelling were performed to examine the variance in support from and perception toward neighbourhoods between caregivers and non-caregivers...
March 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278742/cognitive-reactivity-as-outcome-and-working-mechanism-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-recurrently-depressed-patients-in-remission
#10
M B Cladder-Micus, J van Aalderen, A R T Donders, J Spijker, J N Vrijsen, A E M Speckens
Major depressive disorder is a prevalent condition with high relapse rates. There is evidence that cognitive reactivity is an important vulnerability factor for the recurrence of depression. Mindfulness-based interventions are designed to reduce relapse rates, with cognitive reactivity as one of the proposed working mechanisms. In a randomised controlled trial we compared the effect of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) with treatment-as-usual (TAU) on cognitive reactivity in recurrently depressed patients (N = 115)...
February 7, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264496/the-role-of-mindfulness-in-reducing-the-adverse-effects-of-childhood-stress-and-trauma
#11
REVIEW
Robin Ortiz, Erica M Sibinga
Research suggests that many children are exposed to adverse experiences in childhood. Such adverse childhood exposures may result in stress and trauma, which are associated with increased morbidity and mortality into adulthood. In general populations and trauma-exposed adults, mindfulness interventions have demonstrated reduced depression and anxiety, reduced trauma-related symptoms, enhanced coping and mood, and improved quality of life. Studies in children and youth also demonstrate that mindfulness interventions improve mental, behavioral, and physical outcomes...
February 28, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259151/effects-of-five-minute-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-simplified-emotion-focused-mindfulness-on-depressive-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Remi Noguchi, Yoichi Sekizawa, Mirai So, Sosei Yamaguchi, Eiji Shimizu
BACKGROUND: Notwithstanding a high expectation for internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) for reducing depressive symptoms, many of iCBT programs have limitations such as temporary effects and high drop-out rates, possibly due to their complexity. We examined the effects of a free, simplified, 5-minute iCBT program by comparing it with a simplified emotion-focused mindfulness (sEFM) exercise and with a waiting list control group. METHODS: A total of 974 participants, who were recruited using the website of a market research company, were randomly assigned to the iCBT group, the sEFM group, and the control group...
March 4, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253845/impact-of-a-combined-multimodal-aerobic-and-multimodal-intervention-compared-to-standard-aerobic-treatment-in-breast-cancer-survivors-with-chronic-cancer-related-fatigue-results-of-a-three-armed-pragmatic-trial-in-a-comprehensive-cohort-design
#13
Matthias Kröz, Marcus Reif, Augustina Glinz, Bettina Berger, Andreas Nikolaou, Roland Zerm, Benno Brinkhaus, Matthias Girke, Arndt Büssing, Christoph Gutenbrunner
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) and insomnia are major complaints in breast cancer survivors (BC). Aerobic training (AT), the standard therapy for CRF in BC, shows only minor to moderate treatment effects. Other evidence-based treatments include cognitive behavioral therapy, e.g., sleep education/restriction (SE) and mindfulness-based therapies. We investigated the effectiveness of a 10-week multimodal program (MT) consisting of SE, psycho-education, eurythmy- and painting-therapy, administered separately or in combination with AT (CT) and compared both arms to AT alone...
March 2, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252881/a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study-on-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-unipolar-depression-in-patients-with-chronic-pain
#14
Marasha de Jong, Frenk Peeters, Tim Gard, Heidi Ashih, Jim Doorley, Rosemary Walker, Laurie Rhoades, Ronald J Kulich, Karsten D Kueppenbender, Jonathan E Alpert, Elizabeth A Hoge, Willoughby B Britton, Sara W Lazar, Maurizio Fava, David Mischoulon
OBJECTIVE: Chronic pain is a disabling illness, often comorbid with depression. We performed a randomized controlled pilot study on mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) targeting depression in a chronic pain population. METHOD: Participants with chronic pain lasting ≥ 3 months; DSM-IV major depressive disorder (MDD), dysthymic disorder, or depressive disorder not otherwise specified; and a 16-item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Clinician Rated (QIDS-C₁₆) score ≥ 6 were randomly assigned to MBCT (n = 26) or waitlist (n = 14)...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250962/the-herts-and-minds-study-evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-mentalization-based-treatment-mbt-as-an-intervention-for-children-in-foster-care-with-emotional-and-or-behavioural-problems-a-phase-ii-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Nick Midgley, Sarah Jane Besser, Helen Dye, Pasco Fearon, Tim Gale, Kiri Jefferies-Sewell, Karen Irvine, Joyce Robinson, Solange Wyatt, David Wellsted, Sally Wood
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of children in the social care system in England present with mental health problems, with the majority experiencing some form of emotional and behavioural difficulties. The most effective treatments for these children are currently unknown, partly due to a lack of robust, controlled studies. Researchers have identified a number of obstacles to conducting well-designed research with this population, making the need to test the feasibility of a randomised controlled trial especially important...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247409/mindfulness-and-parenting-distress-among-parents-of-children-with-disabilities-a-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Ahmad Rayan, Muayyad Ahmad
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to determine the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) for management of parenting distress in parents of children with disabilities. DESIGN: A narrative review was conducted. A search protocol was conducted using Google Scholar, EBSCO, Pubmed, CINAHL, Ovid, and PsycINFO databases up to September 1, 2016. RESULTS: Interventions used a variety of approaches to implement mindfulness training, including MBIs and combined mindfulness and other interventions...
March 1, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241775/rigorous-evaluation-of-a-pregnancy-prevention-program-for-american-indian-youth-and-adolescents-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Lauren Tingey, Rachel Chambers, Novalene Goklish, Francene Larzelere, Angelita Lee, Rosemarie Suttle, Summer Rosenstock, Kristin Lake, Allison Barlow
BACKGROUND: American Indian adolescents have one of the highest rates of teen pregnancy and repeat teen births in the US. Substance use is a significant risk factor for unprotected sex, and American Indian adolescents have the highest substance use-related morbidity and mortality of any US racial group. Despite these disparities, there are no existing, evidence-based programs for pregnancy prevention that have been rigorously evaluated among American Indian teens. METHODS: The proposed study is a randomized controlled trial to test the efficacy of a comprehensive sexual and reproductive health program developed in partnership with an American Indian community...
February 27, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238679/how-does-paying-attention-improve-sexual-functioning-in-women-a%C3%A2-review-of-mechanisms
#18
REVIEW
Nikita Arora, Lori A Brotto
INTRODUCTION: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD), consisting of a constellation of distressing sexual symptoms, is highly prevalent worldwide. Given the central role played by psychological factors in the development of FSD, psychologically and in particular mindfulness-based interventions have arisen as potential treatment options for women. Although mindfulness-based interventions have been evaluated in samples of women with gynecologic cancer; a history of sexual abuse; multiple sclerosis; and spinal cord injury; and provoked vestibulodynia, the mechanisms by which mindfulness leads to improvements in sexual functioning are largely unstudied...
February 23, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229508/meditation-training-for-people-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
F Pagnini, A Marconi, A Tagliaferri, G M Manzoni, R Gatto, V Fabiani, G Gragnano, G Rossi, E Volpato, P Banfi, A Palmieri, F Graziano, G Castelnuovo, M Corbo, E Molinari, N Riva, V Sansone, C Lunetta
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Studies investigating psychological interventions for the promotion of well-being in people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are lacking. The purpose of the current study was to examine the use of an ALS-specific mindfulness-based intervention for improving quality of life in this population. METHODS: A randomized, open-label and controlled clinical trial was conducted on the efficacy of an ALS-specific meditation programme in promoting quality of life...
February 23, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214767/exploring-relations-among-mindfulness-facets-and-various-meditation-practices-do-they-work-in-different-ways
#20
Ausiàs Cebolla, Daniel Campos, Laura Galiana, Amparo Oliver, Jose Manuel Tomás, Albert Feliu-Soler, Joaquim Soler, Javier García-Campayo, Marcelo Demarzo, Rosa María Baños
Several meditation practices are associated with mindfulness-based interventions but little is known about their specific effects on the development of different mindfulness facets. This study aimed to assess the relations among different practice variables, types of meditation, and mindfulness facets. The final sample was composed of 185 participants who completed an on-line survey, including information on the frequency and duration of each meditation practice, lifetime practice, and the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire...
March 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
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