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Mindfulness based interventions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214767/exploring-relations-among-mindfulness-facets-and-various-meditation-practices-do-they-work-in-different-ways
#1
Ausiàs Cebolla, Daniel Campos, Laura Galiana, Amparo Oliver, Jose Manuel Tomás, Albert Feliu-Soler, Joaquim Soler, Javier García-Campayo, Marcelo Demarzo, Rosa María Baños
Several meditation practices are associated with mindfulness-based interventions but little is known about their specific effects on the development of different mindfulness facets. This study aimed to assess the relations among different practice variables, types of meditation, and mindfulness facets. The final sample was composed of 185 participants who completed an on-line survey, including information on the frequency and duration of each meditation practice, lifetime practice, and the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire...
February 16, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213122/improvement-of-mindfulness-skills-during-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-predicts-long-term-reductions-of-neuroticism-in-persons-with-recurrent-depression-in-remission
#2
Philip Spinhoven, Marloes J Huijbers, Johan Ormel, Anne E M Speckens
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether changes in mindfulness skills following Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) are predictive of long-term changes in personality traits. METHODS: Using data from the MOMENT study, we included 278 participants with recurrent depression in remission allocated to Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT). Mindfulness skills were measured with the FFMQ at baseline, after treatment and at 15-month follow-up and personality traits with the NEO-PI-R at baseline and follow-up...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206840/the-impact-of-a-brief-embedded-mindfulness-based-program-for-veterinary-students
#3
Helen M Correia, Anita D Smith, Susan Murray, Lynlea S Polak, Bronwyn Williams, Martin A Cake
Veterinary medical students, like other university students, are likely to experience elevated levels of stress, anxiety, and depression over the course of their studies. Mindfulness-based interventions have previously been effective for university students in reducing stress, depression, and anxiety. In this study, a mindfulness-based intervention was embedded in a core (compulsory) unit of a veterinary science course, in part with the aim of improving student well-being. Preliminary results suggest that, despite the mindfulness intervention, overall symptoms of stress, depression, and anxiety among participants (n=64) increased between the start and end of the semester...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205296/effects-of-mindfulness-based-intervention-to-improve-task-performance-for-children-with-intellectual-disabilities
#4
Jeongil Kim, Miyoung Kwon
BACKGROUND: Task performance is a critical factor for learning in individuals with intellectual disabilities. This study aimed to examine mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) to improve task performance for children with intellectual disability (ID). METHODS: Three elementary school children with ID participated in the study. A multiple baseline design across subjects was used. The intervention was consisted of "understanding the necessary concept of mindfulness, practice of awareness and attention, and practice focusing on mindful behaviours...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196711/acceptance-and-imagery-based-strategies-can-reduce-chocolate-cravings-a-test-of-the-elaborated-intrusion-theory-of-desire
#5
Sophie Schumacher, Eva Kemps, Marika Tiggemann
The elaborated-intrusion theory of desire proposes that craving is a two-stage process whereby initial intrusions about a desired target are subsequently elaborated with mental imagery. The present study tested whether the craving reduction strategies of cognitive defusion and guided imagery could differentially target the intrusion and elaboration stages, respectively, and thus differentially impact the craving process. Participants were randomly assigned to a cognitive defusion, a guided imagery or a mind-wandering control condition...
February 11, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194835/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-as-an-augmentation-treatment-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#6
Brenda L Key, Karen Rowa, Peter Bieling, Randi McCabe, Elizabeth J Pawluk
: A significant number of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients continue to experience symptoms that interfere with their functioning following cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). Providing an additional augmentation treatment following CBT could help reduce these residual symptoms. Mindfulness interventions that facilitate less reactivity to thoughts and feelings may be helpful for patients suffering from residual OCD symptoms. The purpose of the current randomized waitlist control trial was to evaluate the feasibility and impact of providing an 8-week mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) intervention following completion of a CBT intervention to OCD patients who continued to suffer from significant symptoms...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193599/an-online-intervention-comparing-a-very-low-carbohydrate-ketogenic-diet-and-lifestyle-recommendations-versus-a-plate-method-diet-in-overweight-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Laura R Saslow, Ashley E Mason, Sarah Kim, Veronica Goldman, Robert Ploutz-Snyder, Hovig Bayandorian, Jennifer Daubenmier, Frederick M Hecht, Judith T Moskowitz
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is a prevalent, chronic disease for which diet is an integral aspect of treatment. In our previous trial, we found that recommendations to follow a very low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet and to change lifestyle factors (physical activity, sleep, positive affect, mindfulness) helped overweight people with type 2 diabetes or prediabetes improve glycemic control and lose weight. This was an in-person intervention, which could be a barrier for people without the time, flexibility, transportation, social support, and/or financial resources to attend...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192793/nonpharmacologic-therapies-for-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-for-an-american-college-of-physicians-clinical-practice-guideline
#8
Roger Chou, Richard Deyo, Janna Friedly, Andrea Skelly, Robin Hashimoto, Melissa Weimer, Rochelle Fu, Tracy Dana, Paul Kraegel, Jessica Griffin, Sara Grusing, Erika D Brodt
Background: A 2007 American College of Physicians guideline addressed nonpharmacologic treatment options for low back pain. New evidence is now available. Purpose: To systematically review the current evidence on nonpharmacologic therapies for acute or chronic nonradicular or radicular low back pain. Data Sources: Ovid MEDLINE (January 2008 through February 2016), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and reference lists...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191449/the-quest-for-mindful-sleep-a-critical-synthesis-of-the-impact-of-mindfulness-based-interventions-for-insomnia
#9
Sheila N Garland, Eric S Zhou, Brian D Gonzalez, Nicole Rodriguez
Mindfulness-Based Interventions (MBIs) for insomnia and sleep disturbances are receiving increasing clinical and research attention. This paper provides a critical appraisal of this growing area investigating the application of MBIs for people with insomnia and sleep disturbance. First, we discuss the theoretical justification for how mindfulness meditation practice may affect sleep processes. Second, we provide a focused review of literature published between January 1, 2012 and April 1, 2016 examining the impact of MBIs on sleep, broken down by whether insomnia or sleep disturbance was a primary or secondary outcome...
September 2016: Current Sleep Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191264/mindfulness-based-relapse-prevention-for-stimulant-dependent-adults-a-pilot-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Suzette Glasner-Edwards, Larissa J Mooney, Alfonso Ang, Hélène Chokron Garneau, Emily Hartwell, Mary-Lynn Brecht, Richard A Rawson
In light of the known associations between stress, negative affect, and relapse, mindfulness strategies hold promise as a means of reducing relapse susceptibility. In a pilot randomized clinical trial, we evaluated the effects of Mindfulness Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP), relative to a health education control condition (HE) among stimulant dependent adults receiving contingency management. All participants received a 12-week contingency management (CM) intervention. Following a 4-week CM-only lead in phase, participants were randomly assigned to concurrently receive MBRP (n=31) or HE (n=32)...
February 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183071/effects-of-mind-sound-resonance-technique-yogic-relaxation-on-psychological-states-sleep-quality-and-cognitive-functions-in-female-teachers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Manas Rao, Kashinath G Metri, Nagaratna Raghuram, Nagendra R Hongasandra
Context • Several studies have revealed a high rate of physical and psychological problems from stress among schoolteachers. Yoga is one of the mind-body interventions known to alleviate stress and effects. The mind sound resonance technique (MSRT), a yoga-based, mindfulness relaxation is recognized as having a positive influence on physical and psychological health. Objectives • The study intended to examine the effects of an MSRT intervention for 1 mo on perceived stress, quality of sleep, cognitive function, state and trait anxiety, psychological distress, and fatigue among female teachers...
January 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173764/-medically-unexplained-symptoms-and-symptom-disorders-in-primary-care-prognosis-based-recognition-and-classification
#12
EDITORIAL
Marianne Rosendal, Tim C Olde Hartman, Aase Aamland, Henriette van der Horst, Peter Lucassen, Anna Budtz-Lilly, Christopher Burton
BACKGROUND: Many patients consult their GP because they experience bodily symptoms. In a substantial proportion of cases, the clinical picture does not meet the existing diagnostic criteria for diseases or disorders. This may be because symptoms are recent and evolving or because symptoms are persistent but, either by their character or the negative results of clinical investigation cannot be attributed to disease: so-called "medically unexplained symptoms" (MUS). MUS are inconsistently recognised, diagnosed and managed in primary care...
February 7, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170104/an-adapted-mindfulness-intervention-for-people-with-dementia-in-care-homes-feasibility-pilot-study
#13
A Churcher Clarke, J M Y Chan, J Stott, L Royan, A Spector
OBJECTIVE: Depression and anxiety are common in dementia. There is a need to develop effective psychosocial interventions. This study sought to develop a group-based adapted mindfulness programme for people with mild to moderate dementia in care homes and to determine its feasibility and potential benefits. METHODS: A manual for a 10-session intervention was developed. Participants were randomly allocated to the intervention plus treatment as usual (n = 20) or treatment as usual (n = 11)...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166828/a-psychological-intervention-to-promote-acceptance-and-adherence-to-non-invasive-ventilation-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Eleonora Volpato, Paolo Banfi, Francesco Pagnini
BACKGROUND: People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) sometimes experience anxiety, depression and comorbid cognitive deficits. Rather than being merely a consequence of symptom-related physical impairments these additional problems may be part of the clinical course of the condition. The relationship between the physical and psychological aspects of the condition is illustrated by the patterns of use of non-invasive ventilation (NIV); NIV is often rejected or used inappropriately, resulting in clinical deterioration and an increase in health care costs...
February 6, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162752/-497-physical-functioning-and-mindfulness-based-interventions-in-chronic-pain-a-systematic-review
#15
W Jackson, R Kulich, A Malacarne, A Lapidow, A Vranceanu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161348/mindfulness-based-laboratory-reduction-reducing-utilization-through-trainee-led-daily-time-outs
#16
Emily G McDonald, Ramy R Saleh, Todd C Lee
BACKGROUND: Overuse of laboratory investigations is widely prevalent in hospitalized patients, leads to discomfort, and increases direct and indirect costs. OBJECTIVE: We implemented a simple, inexpensive, mindfulness strategy on our inpatient medical clinical teaching unit to reduce unnecessary laboratory orders through education, a forcing function, and daily structured laboratory "time outs". METHODS: On a 26-bed unit in an academic hospital centre, the per-period laboratory costs per patient were compared pre- and post-intervention using segmented regression analysis of an interrupted time-series...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160763/the-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-by-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis
#17
Özlem Ceyhan, Songul Göris, Nevin Dogan, Sevda Korkut Bayındır
Context • Hemodialysis (HD) is a frequently used method for the treatment of chronic renal failure. Patients show many symptoms and problems, depending on the success of HD and the disease. Today, one of the most commonly used methods, in addition to pharmacological treatments, for ensuring symptom control and reinforcing a patient's well-being is complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Objectives • The study was conducted to determine the benefits of the use of CAM for patients undergoing HD. Design • The study was descriptive...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155183/sarcopenia-an-overview
#18
Emanuele Marzetti, Riccardo Calvani, Matteo Tosato, Matteo Cesari, Mauro Di Bari, Antonio Cherubini, Agnese Collamati, Emanuela D'Angelo, Marco Pahor, Roberto Bernabei, Francesco Landi
Sarcopenia, the age-dependent loss of muscle mass and function, is a common condition among older adults, and is associated with several adverse health outcomes. Owing to the impact of sarcopenia on quality of life, disability and mortality, a greater awareness is necessary in order to correctly identify the condition both in community and geriatric settings. Research on sarcopenia prevention and treatment is developing quickly, but many questions are still unanswered. The core of the sarcopenia condition involves quantitative and qualitative losses of skeletal muscle...
February 2, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152864/use-of-an-automated-notification-tool-to-drive-real-time-patient-symptom-intervention
#19
Brandon Bosch, Diane Denny, Maurie Markman
: 160 Background: Cancer Treatment Centers of America, Inc. (CTCA) is a national network of hospitals that specialize in the treatment of patients fighting complex or advanced-stage cancer. The Symptom Inventory Tool (SIT) is an assessment tool that captures the patients' perceived symptom burden for real-time clinical intervention, from baseline and every 21 days thereafter. The SIT is comprised of questions utilizing the M.D. Anderson Symptom Inventory tool, a validated assessment instrument with questions added and a free text box by CTCA...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148333/ethical-considerations-of-transparency-informed-consent-and-nudging-in-a-patient-with-paediatric-aortic-stenosis-and-symptomatic-left-ventricular-endocardial-fibroelastosis
#20
Constantine D Mavroudis, Thomas Cook, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Constantine Mavroudis
A 9-year-old boy who was born with bicuspid aortic stenosis underwent two unsuccessful aortic valvuloplasty interventions, and by 2 years of age he developed restrictive cardiomyopathy caused by left ventricular endocardial fibroelastosis and diastolic dysfunction. The attending cardiologist referred the patient to a high-volume, high-profile congenital cardiac surgical programme 1000 miles away that has a team with considerable experience with left ventricular endocardial fibroelastosis resection and a reputation of achieving good results...
December 2016: Cardiology in the Young
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