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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730779/abdominal-tuberculosis
#1
Pravin Rathi, Pravir Gambhire
Abdomen is involved in 11% of patients with extra-pulmonary tuberculosis; The most common site of involvement is the ileocaecal region, other locations of involvement, in order of descending frequency, are the ascending colon, jejunum, appendix, duodenum, stomach, oesophagus, sigmoid colon, and rectum. Apart from the basic work up, Investigations like CT scan, EUS, Capsule endoscopy, Balloon enteroscopy, Ascitic fluid ADA, TB-PCR, GeneXpert, Laproscopy are being increasingly used to diagnose tuberculosis.Therapy with standard antituberculous drugs is usually highly effective for intestinal TB...
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27215511/-features-of-elderly-patients-over-75-years-old-with-gastric-cancer-and-surgical-strategy
#2
Lin Chen, Jianxin Cui
The new cases and mortality of gastric cancer in the population aged over 75 years account for 21% and 30% of the cases in the whole population respectively. These elderly patients with gastric cancer are characteristic of nonspecific clinical manifestations, high proportion of upper gastric carcinoma, larger tumor size, advanced TNM stage, concomitant diseases, poor body function and high risk of complications. Specialists should pay more attention to the diagnosis and treatment of these patients. Comprehensive and systemic assessment should be performed, and concomitant diseases should be treated...
May 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27064370/incidence-of-surgical-site-infection-in-postoperative-patients-at-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-india
#3
M Siddique J Akhter, R Verma, K Premjeet Madhukar, A Rajiv Vaishampayan, P C Unadkat
OBJECTIVE: A prospective observational was carried out to calculate the incidence of surgical site infections (SSI) along with the main risk factors and causative organisms in postoperative patients at a tertiary care setting in Mumbai. METHOD: A total number of 1196 patients between June 2011 to March 2013 admitted to the general surgical ward or surgical ICU of our hospital were included in the study. Post laproscopy patients and organ space SSIs were excluded...
April 2016: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26849928/-comparison-on-efficacy-between-the-different-timings-of-methotrexate-administration-combined-with-laproscopy-in-the-treatment-of-salpingocyesis
#4
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Fang Cui, Shan Xu, Hong Shi, Yongfang Huang, Qi Yan, Xiao Lang
OBJECTIVES: To compare pretreatment and intra-operative methotrexate (MTX) administration when combined with laproscopy in the treatment of salpingocyesis. METHODS: All 200 patients with salpingocyesis treated with laproscopy in Jiangwan Hospital from Jan, 2010 to Dec, 2014 were enrolled and divided into group A and B, 100 patients in each. In group A, the patients were administered with MTX 50 mg/kg by intramuscular injection 24-48 h before the surgery. In group B, the patients were administered with MTX 20 mg in 2 ml normal saline to the target tubal seromuscular layer after the ectopic pregnancies were removed...
December 1, 2015: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26777557/serum-profile-of-cytokines-interferon-gamma-and-interleukin-10-in-ewes-subjected-to-artificial-insemination-by-cervical-retraction
#5
C T G Alvares, J F Cruz, C C Romano, F Z Brandão
This study evaluated the influence of artificial insemination (AI) by cervical retraction (CRI) on serum levels of interferon gamma (IFNγ) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) in ewes. Synchronized pluriparous Santa Inês ewes were subjected to natural mating (NM, n = 8) and AI, which was performed for a fixed time (55 ± 1 hour) by CRI (n = 8) or laparoscopy (n = 8). Ewes were classified as pregnant, with return to estrus (RE) or with embryonic loss (EL). Blood samples were collected on Day 0, Day 3, Day 5, Day 12, and Day 17 (Day 0 = AI/NM) for progesterone dosage and cytokines were quantified from Day 0 to Day 12...
April 15, 2016: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23851450/deep-neuromuscular-blockade-leads-to-a-larger-intraabdominal-volume-during-laparoscopy
#6
Astrid Listov Lindekaer, Henrik Halvor Springborg, Olav Istre
Shoulder pain is a commonly reported symptom following laparoscopic procedures such as myomectomy or hysterectomy, and recent studies have shown that lowering the insufflation pressure during surgery may reduce the risk of post-operative pain. In this pilot study, a method is presented for measuring the intra-abdominal space available to the surgeon during laproscopy, in order to examine whether the relaxation produced by deep neuromuscular blockade can increase the working surgical space sufficiently to permit a reduction in the CO2 insufflation pressure...
2013: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23488261/-diaphragmatic-hernias-diagnosis-and-surgical-treatment
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
K G Borisov, K G Kubachev, A V Kukushkin, N E Zarkua, D A Zaĭtsev
The authors present results of the examination and treatment of 106 patients with hernias of the diaphragm of different genesis. In 79 of them there were non-incarcerated hernias, in 27--there were incarcerated hernias. The authors suggest necessary medico-diagnostic measures with rational application of endovideosurgical technologies such as thoraco- and laproscopy which were used in 74%.
2012: Vestnik Khirurgii Imeni I. I. Grekova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22902799/giant-splenic-artery-aneurysm-a-rare-but-potentially-catastrophic-surgical-challenge
#8
Siddharth Yadav, Piyush Sharma, Pintu Kumar Singh, Sudhanshu Punia, Pragnesh Desai, Anjani Kr Anjan, Sunil Jain
INTRODUCTION: Splenic artery aneurysms are rare but clinically important entities because of their potential for life threatening rupture. They seldom exceed 3cms in size and only a few cases of giant splenic artery aneurysms (more than 10cm size) have been reported until now. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 58yr old female presented with painless pulsatile progressively enlarging lump in left upper abdomen. Contrast enhanced computed tomography revealed a 10.6×10.38cm aneurysm arising from distal splenic artery along with a normal pancreas...
2012: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22629004/laparoscopic-adrenalectomy-10-years-experience
#9
Khalid M Al-Otaibi
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is considered the standard technique for the surgical removal of the adrenal gland. Shorter length of stay, decrease in postoperative pain and reduced complication are all the advantages of the laparoscopic approach. This report is about a 10-year single experience with laparoscopic adrenalectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 34 lateral transperitonial laparoscopic adrenalectomies were performed. 24 right-sided lesions and 10 left-sided lesions were removed...
May 2012: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22204222/isloated-tubal-torsion-in-a-fourteen-year-old-girl
#10
Junaid Rafi
Isolated torsion of fallopian tube is a rare event and often difficult to diagnose. This report describes such a condition in a patient who presented with pain lower abdomen and underwent laproscopy primarily by surgeons with the suspicion of appendicitis but eventually ended up in right salpingectomy because of isolated right tubal torsion. The issue of future fertility was obviously considered but unfortunately the tube could not be preserved because of necrosis and haemorrhage inside it. Tubal torsion should however be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of lower abdominal pain in women of all ages...
June 2011: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18340429/-robot-assisted-da-vinci-laparoscopy-the-beginning-of-a-new-era-in-operative-urology
#11
M Stöckle, S Siemer
The da Vinci Surgical System represents a new technology in advanced laparoscopy: Sitting at a console that allows three-dimensional vision of the operating field, the robotic surgeon is enabled to perform complex laparoscopic procedures. The movements of telemanipulators ("masters") are transferred to EndoWrist instruments with all degrees of freedom. Compared with conventional laproscopy, the technology allows more dexterity, a shorter learning curve, improved vision, reduced operating time with reduced staff requirements, and an ergonomically designed work station with minimal burden on the back and joints...
April 2008: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17888583/role-of-shigella-infection-in-endometriosis-a-novel-hypothesis
#12
V L Kodati, S Govindan, S Movva, S Ponnala, Q Hasan
Endometriosis is the presence of endometrial cells and stroma at ectopic sites outside the uterine cavity. The natural history of endometriosis is uncertain, its etiology unknown, the clinical presentation inconsistent, diagnosis difficult and the treatment poorly standardized. It causes significant morbidity due to pelvic pain and infertility among 15-25% of women during their reproductive age. The benign disease causes peritoneal inflammation, fibrosis, adhesions and ovarian cysts but displays features of malignancy, like neo-vascularization, local invasion and distant metastasis...
2008: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17151400/etiology-and-clinical-profile-of-ambiguous-genitalia-an-overview-of-10-years-experience
#13
Rajesh R Joshi, Sudha Rao, Menna Desai
One hundred nine patients presenting with ambiguous genitalia over the past 10 years (year 1995 to 2004) to Pediatric Endocrine Service of our hospital were reviewed. On the basis of clinical and investigative evaluation like hormonal and biochemical estimations, imaging studies, karyotype and invasive techniques like genitoscopy, laproscopy, open exploration and biopsy of gonads when indicated, these cases could be categorised as Genetic females with virilisation or FPH (n = 30 cases, 27.5 % Genetic males undervirilised or MPH (n = 57 cases, 52...
November 2006: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15027712/incidence-of-pelvic-and-extrapelvic-endometriosis-in-eastern-region-of-nepal
#14
Arvind Kumar Sinha, Anshoo Agarwal, Mamta Lakhey, Asim Mishra, Shatrughan P Sah
Endometriosis is described as the presence of endometrial glands or stroma in abnormal locations outside the uterus. It afflicts 10% women of childbearing age. A 5-year retrospective analysis of histopathologically proven cases of endometriosis was done. Haematoxylin and Eosin stained slides were reviewed for type of lining epithelium, endometrial glands, stroma, fresh and old hemorrhage & inflammatory cells. Clinical details were analyzed. Age of the patient ranged from 22 - 48 years. The most common site of endometriosis was ovaries (69...
January 2003: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15025381/evidence-of-chlamydial-infection-in-infertile-women-with-fallopian-tube-obstruction
#15
Meera Sharma, Sunil Sethi, Sangeeta Daftari, Sarla Malhotra
The study was carried out to find the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis seropositivity among women with infertility of tubal origin. Forty women with tubal infertility (verified at hysterosalpingography and laproscopy), 20 women with infertility due to variety of other reasons and 20 healthy fertile women of reproductive age were enrolled in the study. It was found that the presence of Chlamydia specific IgG antibody was significantly higher (70%) in women with infertility of tubal origin as compared to 35% seropositivity in healthy fertile women and 55% seropositivity in infertile women with cause of infertility other than tubal factor...
October 2003: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11997831/do-complications-related-to-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-influence-the-prognosis-of-gallbladder-cancer
#16
C Wullstein, G Woeste, S Barkhausen, E Gross, U T Hopt
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopy is thought to worsen the prognosis of gallbladder cancer (GBC) discovered unexpectedly at laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). However, laproscopy has never been shown to have an influence on patient survival in clinical series. METHODS: We Performed a two-center retrospective analysis of 28 patients with GBC (11 previously known, 17 unexpectedly discovered by LC) to determine whether laparoscopy and complications related to LC had any influence on the prognosis of GBC...
May 2002: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11727100/endoscopic-marking-an-adjunct-to-laparoscopic-gastrointestinal-surgery
#17
R I Beretvas, J Ponsky
BACKGROUND: In 1975 one of us (J.P.) first described endoscopic marking of the intestinal lumen with india ink to produce a serosal tattoo, thus facilitating the location of lesions during subsequent surgery. The use of the technique in concert with laparoscopic surgery is particularly important because the ability to palpate the bowel is lost. Carbon-based products such as india ink provide permanent marking. An alternative marker is methylene blue, whose mark is only temporary but clearly seen laparoscopically...
October 2001: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11565224/-port-site-metastases-current-state-of-knowledge
#18
REVIEW
C Chanson, K Nassiopoulos, P Petropoulos
Laparoscopic procedures performed for diagnostic or staging purposes or even for a treatment, incorporate a certain risk for port-sites metastases. That possibility seems more potential with this method than with the open procedures. According to the works of Hugues, Welch and after that of Reilly, we do know that the percentage of wound metastatization in median laparotomies should be below 1%. In colorectal surgery this complication has been described with an incidence of 21%. Diverse factors influencing this phenomenon are reviewed...
August 2001: Revue Médicale de la Suisse Romande
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/51711/-clinical-aspects-of-carcinoma-of-the-liver-author-s-transl
#19
P Frey, M Schmid, M Knoblauch
The incidence of epi-cirrhotic liver carcinoma is apparently on the increase. Between 1969 and 1973 there were 84 cases of primary liver carcinoma and 467 of cirrhosis among 10211 autopsies. In 74 (16%) the carcinoma had developed in a cirrhotic liver. Clincally the diagnosis of carcinoma had been made in only 14 cases. The mean survival time after the diagnosis was seven weeks, after onset of the terminal symptoms 13 weeks. Typical clinical features were decompensated, hypertrophic, often coarsely granular, liver cirrhosis...
August 8, 1975: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
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