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Hamstring rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655872/-contribution-of-the-scrotal-flap-for-the-coverage-of-ischial-and-perineal-pressure-ulcers
#1
M Vantomme, R Viard, R Aimard, P-L Vincent, J-P Comparin, D Voulliaume
INTRODUCTION: The ischiatric pressure sore is a common pathology in rehabilitated spinal cord injured people, despite careful prevention. Medical treatment by discharge and directed healing is not always sufficient and surgery using local musculocutaneous flaps is often essential. Unfortunately, recidivism is frequent and the availability of local flaps is limited. The scrotal flap is an excellent complement to classic flaps, gluteal flaps or hamstrings. It can be used alone or in addition to another musculocutaneous flap, in first or second intention...
April 11, 2018: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613884/hamstring-co-contraction-in-the-early-stage-of-rehabilitation-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-longitudinal-study
#2
Hongyun Song, Xuesong Dai, Jianhua Li, Sunan Zhu
OBJECTIVE: Hamstring co-contraction may affect recovery from anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). We aimed to evaluate the changes in hamstring co-contraction during the early postoperative stages. DESIGN: Twenty-five patients with ACLR were followed up for 1-3 months postoperatively, during which the Lysholm and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) questionnaires were completed and surface electromyograms (sEMG) were assessed during terminal knee extension maximum voluntary contraction (TKE-MVC) and step-up tests...
April 2, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574548/low-rates-of-patients-meeting-return-to-sport-criteria-9-months-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#3
Wouter Welling, Anne Benjaminse, Romain Seil, Koen Lemmink, Stefano Zaffagnini, Alli Gokeler
PURPOSE: The purpose of the current prospective study was to assess the changes over time in patients tested at 6 months and 9 months after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) with a return to sport (RTS) test battery. It was hypothesized that more patients passed RTS criteria at 9 months compared to 6 months. METHODS: Sixty-two ACLR patients performed a test battery at an average of 6.5 ± 0.7 and 9.5 ± 0.9 months after ACLR. All patients underwent a standardized rehabilitation protocol...
March 24, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566090/aerobic-fitness-in-professional-soccer-players-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#4
Adriano Marques de Almeida, Paulo Roberto Santos Silva, André Pedrinelli, Arnaldo J Hernandez
Although anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is considered a successful procedure in restoring knee stability, few studies have addressed the issue of aerobic capacity after ACL surgery. Soccer players need technical, tactical and physical skills to succeed, such as good knee function and aerobic capacity. Our purpose is to evaluate aerobic fitness in ACL injured professional football players and six months after ACL reconstruction compared to a control group. Twenty athletes with ACL injury were evaluated and underwent ACL reconstruction with hamstrings autograft, and were compared to twenty healthy professional soccer players...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543123/crossover-effects-of-unilateral-static-stretching-and-foam-rolling-on-contralateral-hamstring-flexibility-and-strength
#5
Benjamin S Killen, Krista L Zelizney, Xin Ye
CONTEXT: Static stretching (SS) and self-administered foam rolling (SAFR) are both effective techniques often used in rehabilitation settings to improve one's range-of-motion (ROM). However, their effects on non-intervened contralateral limb's performance remain equivocal. OBJECTIVE: To examine the acute effects of unilateral hamstrings SS and SAFR on the contralateral hip flexion passive ROM and the strength performance. DESIGN: Randomized crossover trial...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526856/a-wearable-resistive-robot-facilitates-locomotor-adaptations-during-gait
#6
Edward P Washabaugh, Chandramouli Krishnan
BACKGROUND: Robotic-resisted treadmill walking is a form of task-specific training that has been used to improve gait function in individuals with neurological injury, such as stroke, spinal cord injury, or cerebral palsy. Traditionally, these devices use active elements (e.g., motors or actuators) to provide resistance during walking, making them bulky, expensive, and less suitable for overground or in-home rehabilitation. We recently developed a low-cost, wearable robotic brace that generates resistive torques across the knee joint using a simple magnetic brake...
2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520841/adductor-magnus-an-emg-investigation-into-proximal-and-distal-portions-and-direction-specific-action
#7
Matthew L Benn, Tania Pizzari, Leanne Rath, Kylie Tucker, Adam I Semciw
Cadaveric studies indicate that adductor magnus is structurally partitioned into at least two regions. The aim of this study was to investigate the direction-specific actions of proximal and distal portions of adductor magnus, and in doing so determine if these segments have distinct functional roles. Fine-wire EMG electrodes were inserted into two portions of adductor magnus of 12 healthy young adults. Muscle activity was recorded during maximum voluntary isometric contractions (MVICs) across eight tests (hip flexion/extension, internal/external rotation, abduction, and adduction at 0°, 45°, and 90° hip flexion)...
May 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511700/variability-of-united-states-online-rehabilitation-protocols-for-proximal-hamstring-tendon-repair
#8
Harry M Lightsey, David E Kantrowitz, Hasani W Swindell, David P Trofa, Christopher S Ahmad, T Sean Lynch
Background: The optimal postoperative rehabilitation protocol following repair of complete proximal hamstring tendon ruptures is the subject of ongoing investigation, with a need for more standardized regimens and evidence-based modalities. Purpose: To assess the variability across proximal hamstring tendon repair rehabilitation protocols published online by United States (US) orthopaedic teaching programs. Study Design: Cross-sectional study...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511666/pre-and-postoperative-postural-regulation-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#9
Thomas Bartels, Kay Brehme, Martin Pyschik, Stephan Schulze, Karl-Stefan Delank, Georg Fieseler, Kevin G Laudner, Souhail Hermassi, René Schwesig
There are currently no longitudinal data describing the pre- and postoperative postural regulation and stability of patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) damage. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate postural regulation and stability prior to and during rehabilitation following surgery of the ACL. Fifty-four physically active subjects (age: 30.5±10.9 years, 29 male subjects) were examined with the Interactive Balance System pre-, 6, and at 12 weeks following surgical reconstruction of the ACL using a hamstring tendon graft...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505896/effect-on-passive-range-of-motion-and-functional-correlates-following-a-long-term-lower-limb-self-stretch-program-in-patients-with-chronic-spastic-paresis
#10
Maud Pradines, Marjolaine Baude, Christina Marciniak, Gerard Francisco, Jean-Michel Gracies, Emilie Hutin, Nicolas Bayle
BACKGROUND: In current health systems, long duration stretching, performed daily, cannot be obtained through prescriptions of physical therapy. In addition, the short-term efficacy of the various stretching techniques is disputed and their long-term effects remain undocumented. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in extensibility in six lower limb muscles and in ambulation speed following a ≥1-year self-stretch program, the Guided Self-rehabilitation Contract (GSC), in individuals with chronic spastic paresis...
March 2, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502464/the-effect-of-trunk-training-on-muscle-thickness-and-muscle-activity-a-systematic-review
#11
Tamaya Van Criekinge, Steven Truijen, Chelsea Verbruggen, Lotte Van de Venis, Wim Saeys
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review to examine the effect of static or dynamic trunk training compared to standard care or control therapy on muscle activity and muscle thickness of the trunk and lower limb muscles in stroke survivors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This review was registered on PROSPERO (no: CRD42017063771) and was written according to the PRISMA guidelines. The search strategy included studies from the first indexed article until September 2017 and was performed in the electronical databases PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Ovid Medline and PEDro...
March 5, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479545/central-tendon-injuries-of-hamstring-muscles-case-series-of-operative-treatment
#12
Lasse Lempainen, Jussi Kosola, Ricard Pruna, Jordi Puigdellivol, Janne Sarimo, Pekka Niemi, Sakari Orava
Background: As compared with injuries involving muscle only, those involving the central hamstring tendon have a worse prognosis. Limited information is available regarding the surgical treatment of central tendon injuries of the hamstrings. Purpose: To describe the operative treatment and outcomes of central tendon injuries of the hamstrings among athletes. Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: Eight athletes (6 top level, 2 recreational) with central hamstring tendon injuries underwent magnetic resonance imaging and surgical treatment...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416962/internal-suture-augmentation-technique-to-protect-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-graft
#13
Mohamed Aboalata, Ashraf Elazab, Abdelsamie Halawa, Andreas B Imhoff, Yehia Bassiouny
The anterior cruciate ligament suture augmentation technique is a method to augment anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) with autologous hamstring tendons using a braided ultrahigh-molecular weight polyester or polyethylene suture or suture tape and fixed on both the femoral and tibial sides independent of the graft to act as a backup or secondary stabilizer until complete integration and ligamentization of the graft take place. The technique is proposed to allow early rehabilitation and return to sports after ACLR and may be advantageous in patients with a high body mass index and in cases with small grafts (7 or 7...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410557/effect-of-limbering-up-of-the-muscles-attached-to-the-pelvis-on-the-strength-of-upper-and-lower-extremity-and-trunk-muscles-through-the-transitional-network
#14
Yuichi Azuma, Toyoko Asami, Masayoshi Ichiba, Shinichiro Oka, Hisayoshi Yoshizuka
[Purpose] To study the effect that limbering up of the muscles attached to the pelvis has on muscle strength of the trunk and upper and lower extremities, which are not being exercised, and to investigate the possibilities for clinical application. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 152 healthy adult men. Sthenometry was conducted using a handheld dynamometer to assess the effect of limbering up of the upper gluteus maximus, hamstrings, and internal abdominal oblique muscles attached to thoracolumbar fascia on the trunk and upper and lower extremities...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410451/non-knee-spanning-muscles-contribute-to-tibiofemoral-shear-as-well-as-valgus-and-rotational-joint-reaction-moments-during-unanticipated-sidestep-cutting
#15
Nirav Maniar, Anthony G Schache, Prasanna Sritharan, David A Opar
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are a burdensome condition due to potential surgical requirements and increased risk of long term debilitation. Previous studies indicate that muscle forces play an important role in the development of ligamentous loading, yet these studies have typically used cadaveric models considering only the knee-spanning quadriceps, hamstrings and gastrocnemius muscle groups. Using a musculoskeletal modelling approach, we investigated how lower-limb muscles produce and oppose key tibiofemoral reaction forces and moments during the weight acceptance phase of unanticipated sidestep cutting...
February 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387653/operative-treatment-for-the-painful-posterior-thigh-after-hamstring-autograft-harvesting
#16
Mikko Laakso, Jussi Kosola, Pekka Niemi, Keijo Mäkelä, Juha Ranne, Sakari Orava, Lasse Lempainen
Background: Semitendinosus (ST) is widely used autograft in anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions (ACLR). Although tendon harvesting is a common procedure, some patients exhibit pain, cramping and dysfunctional at posterior thigh after the ACLR. The formation of the newly regenerated neotendon could be compromised by a new injury or too rapid rehabilitation. We present this clinical entity and the developed surgical technique and share our experience in treatment of these patients...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373984/the-effect-of-targeted-exercise-on-knee-muscle-function-in-patients-with-persistent-hamstring-deficiency-following-acl-reconstruction-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Bo Bregenhof, Uffe Jørgensen, Per Aagaard, Nis Nissen, Mark W Creaby, Jonas Bloch Thorlund, Carsten Jensen, Trine Torfing, Anders Holsgaard-Larsen
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, using hamstring auto-graft is a common surgical procedure, which often leads to persistent hamstring muscle-strength deficiency and reduced function. The purpose of this randomized controlled trial (RCT) is to investigate the effect of a combined, progressive, strength and neuromuscular exercise intervention on knee muscle strength, functional capacity and hamstring muscle-tendon morphology in ACL-reconstructed patients with persistent hamstring muscle-strength deficiency compared with controls...
January 26, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349024/the-crossing-internal-suture-augmentation-technique-to-protect-the-all-inside-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-graft
#18
Mohamed Aboalata, Ashraf Elazab, Abdelsamie Halawa, Moheib S Ahmed, Andreas B Imhoff, Yehia Bassiouny
The crossing internal suture augmentation technique is an all-inside technique of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with augmentation of the hamstring tendon autograft with a braided ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyester-polyethylene suture tape resting on the adjustable cortical buttons on both the femoral and tibial sides. The internal suture augmentation acts as a backbone supporting and protecting the graft until the process of healing and ligamentization of the graft is completed. The ends of the suture tape are tied on the tibial button and additionally fixed to the tibia with a knotless anchor as a backup fixation with the knee in full extension...
December 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327823/a-previous-hamstring-injury-affects-kicking-mechanics-in-soccer-players
#19
Archit Navandar, Santiago Veiga, Gonzalo Torres, David Chorro, Enrique Navarro
BACKGROUND: Although the kicking skill is influenced by limb dominance and sex, how a previous hamstring injury affects kicking has not been studied in detail. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of sex and limb dominance on kicking in limbs with and without a previous hamstring injury. METHODS: 45 professional players (males: n=19, previously injured players=4, age=21.16 ± 2.00 years; females: n=19, previously injured players=10, age=22...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287523/knee-isokinetic-performance-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-patellar-tendon-versus-hamstrings-graft
#20
Felipe Machado, Pedro Debieux, Camila Cohen Kaleka, Diego Astur, Maria Stella Peccin, Moisés Cohen
OBJECTIVE: To compare knee isokinetic performance six months after reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament using grafts from either the patellar tendon or the hamstrings among patients who underwent the same rehabilitation protocol. METHODS: Thirty-four patients were evaluated (17 with grafts from the patellar tendon and 17 with grafts from the hamstrings). Operated and non-operated knees were compared with regards to the variables of peak torque, work and the hamstring/quadriceps relationship at velocities of 60º/s and 180º/s and power of 180º/s after six months of surgery...
February 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
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