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Hamstring rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056178/is-there-any-benefit-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-patients-older-than-60-years
#1
Cécile Toanen, Guillaume Demey, Panagiotis G Ntagiopoulos, Paolo Ferrua, David Dejour
BACKGROUND: Results of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction are traditionally excellent in younger and nonarthritic patients. During the past few decades, people older than 60 years have become more active than ever, with more demanding physical lifestyles. An increase also has been noted in active patients with diagnosed ACL injuries. More patients are requesting treatment for ACL deficiency in hopes of returning to preinjury levels of activity. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to evaluate the results of ACL reconstruction in patients older than 60 years in terms of functional recovery, return to sports, and postoperative incidence of osteoarthritis and to compare their results with published results of different age groups...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035586/criteria-for-progressing-rehabilitation-and-determining-return-to-play-clearance-following-hamstring-strain-injury-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Jack T Hickey, Ryan G Timmins, Nirav Maniar, Morgan D Williams, David A Opar
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation progression and return-to-play (RTP) decision making following hamstring strain injury (HSI) can be challenging for clinicians, owing to the competing demands of reducing both convalescence and the risk of re-injury. Despite an increased focus on the RTP process following HSI, little attention has been paid to rehabilitation progression and RTP criteria, and subsequent time taken to RTP and re-injury rates. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review is to identify rehabilitation progression and RTP criteria implemented following HSI and examine the subsequent time taken to RTP and rates of re-injury...
December 29, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009799/percutaneous-hamstring-lengthening-surgery-is-as-effective-as-open-lengthening-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#3
Alexander Nazareth, Susan Rethlefsen, Ted C Sousa, Nicole M Mueske, Tishya A L Wren, Robert M Kay
BACKGROUND: Surgical lengthening of the hamstrings is often performed to correct crouch gait in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Previous studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of open hamstring lengthening (oHSL) in improving knee extension static and dynamic range of motion; however, literature regarding percutaneous hamstring lengthening (pHSL) is limited. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of open versus pHSL for improving crouch gait and knee function in children with CP...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992239/differential-effects-of-two-rehabilitation-programs-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#4
Igor Setuain, Mikel Izquierdo, Fernando Idoate, Eder Bikandi, Esteban M Gorostiaga, Per Aagaard, Eduardo L Cadore, Jesús Alfaro-Adrián
Context- The muscular function restoration related to the type of physical rehabilitation followed after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) using autologous hamstring tendon graft in terms of strength and cross sectional area (CSA) remain controversial. Objective- To analyze the CSA and force output of quadriceps and hamstring muscles in subjects following either an Objective Criteria-Based rehabilitation (OCBR) algorithm or the usual care (UCR) for ACL rehabilitation in Spain, before and one year after undergoing an ACLR...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984498/the-biomechanical-demands-on-the-hip-during-progressive-stepping-tasks
#5
Gillian L Hatfield, Jesse M Charlton, Christopher K Cochrane, Connor Hammond, Chris Napier, Judit Takacs, Natasha M Krowchuk, Michael A Hunt
Functional hip strengthening exercises are important components of lower extremity rehabilitation, and include single leg squats, step-downs, and step-ups. The biomechanical demand of these tasks is unclear. This repeated-measures study determined hip biomechanical demands in a healthy population. Twenty individuals (10 male, 26.6 +/- 5.1 years, 22.1 +/- 2.3 kg/m) participated. Three-dimensional motion, ground reaction force data, and surface electromyograms were recorded during four randomly-ordered tasks...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904792/current-concepts-and-treatment-of-patellofemoral-compressive-issues
#6
Michael J Mullaney, Takumi Fukunaga
Patellofemoral disorders, commonly encountered in sports and orthopedic rehabilitation settings, may result from dysfunction in patellofemoral joint compression. Osseous and soft tissue factors, as well as the mechanical interaction of the two, contribute to increased patellofemoral compression and pain. Treatment of patellofemoral compressive issues is based on identification of contributory impairments. Use of reliable tests and measures is essential in detecting impairments in hip flexor, quadriceps, iliotibial band, hamstrings, and gastrocnemius flexibility, as well as in joint mobility, myofascial restrictions, and proximal muscle weakness...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896364/-proximal-rupture-of-the-hamstring-tendon-from-clinical-presentation-to-diagnosis-and-therapy
#7
S Bauer, M Riegger, K J Friedrich, W Reichert, W G Blakeney, C Haag
Rupture of the proximal tendon enthesis of the hamstring muscle (ICM) accounts for approximately 10% of all injuries of the ICM. It occurs most commonly in athletes and active middle-aged individuals. The complete rupture of all three tendons in active patients is generally seen as an indication for surgical repair of the tendon enthesis; however, the correct diagnosis is often not reached in a timely manner. This can lead to prolonged symptoms with pain, weakness and neuralgia. Operative treatment consists of anchor repair of the tendons resulting in good clinical outcome in several case series...
December 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871658/rehabilitation-principles-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstructed-knee-twelve-steps-for-successful-progression-and-return-to-play
#8
REVIEW
Kevin E Wilk, Christopher A Arrigo
The rehabilitation process begins immediately after injury to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). The goal of preoperative rehabilitation is to prepare the patient for surgery. Current rehabilitation programs focus on strengthening exercises and proprioceptive and neuromuscular control drills to provide a neurologic stimulus. It is also important to address preexisting factors, especially for the female athlete, that may predispose to future injury, such as hip and hamstring weakness. Our goal in the rehabilitation program is to restore full, unrestricted function and to assist the patient to return to 100% of the preinjury level while achieving excellent long-term outcomes...
January 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813347/early-high-intensity-versus-low-intensity-rehabilitation-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Michael Bade, Tamara Struessel, Michael Dayton, Jared Foran, Raymond Kim, Todd Miner, Pamela Wolfe, Wendy Kohrt, Douglas Dennis, Jennifer Stevens-Lapsley
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the safety and efficacy of a high-intensity progressive rehabilitation protocol (HI) beginning 4 days after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) compared to a low-intensity (LI) rehabilitation protocol. METHODS: One hundred sixty-two participants (aged 63±7 years; 89 females) were randomized to either the HI group or LI group after TKA. Key components of the HI intervention were the utilization of progressive resistance exercises and a rapid progression to weight-bearing exercises and activities...
November 3, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803618/effect-of-3-different-applications-of-kinesio-taping-denko%C3%A2-on-electromyographic-activity-inhibition-or-facilitation-of-the-quadriceps-of-males-during-squat-exercise
#10
Júlio C Serrão, Bruno Mezêncio, João G Claudino, Rafael Soncin, Pedro L Sampaio Miyashiro, Eric P Sousa, Eduardo Borges, Vinícius Zanetti, Igor Phillip, Luiz Mochizuki, Alberto C Amadio
: Kinesio taping consists of a technique which uses the application of an elastic adhesive tape. It has become a widely used rehabilitation modality for the prevention and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. The objective of this study was to verify the effect of the application of Kinesio Taping Denko(®) in three conditions (facilitation, inhibition, and placebo) on the electromyographic activity of the quadriceps and hamstrings muscles on facilitating or inhibiting the muscle function and on the perceived exertion during the barbell back squat exercise in healthy male subjects...
September 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790051/astym-therapy-improves-bilateral-hamstring-flexibility-and-achilles-tendinopathy-in-a-child-with-cerebral-palsy-a-retrospective-case-report
#11
Nicole A Scheer, Lucas R Alstat, Robert S Van Zant
PURPOSE: The purpose of this case report was to describe the use of Astym therapy to improve hamstring flexibility and Achilles tendinopathy in a child with cerebral palsy. CASE DESCRIPTION: An eight-year-old female with cerebral palsy was referred to physical therapy for the treatment of bilateral hamstring inflexibility and Achilles tendinopathy. Treatment focused on an Astym therapy protocol of eccentric exercise, stretching, active and passive range of motion, gait training, and a home exercise program...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784622/kinesio-taping-as-a-treatment-method-in-the-acute-phase-of-acl-reconstruction-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#12
Selvin Balki, Hanım Eda Göktaş, Zekeriya Öztemur
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed on investigating the effects of Kinesio taping (KT) in acute postoperative rehabilitation phase of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: Thirty male patients (mean age: 28.1 years) with ACL reconstruction were randomly assigned to two groups: (1) an experimental group to receive a KT treatment through the muscle and lymphatic correction techniques; or (2) a control group for sham KT. Both interventions were applied twice during a 10-day period from the fourth postoperative day...
October 24, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755353/predicting-the-functional-roles-of-knee-joint-muscles-from-internal-joint-moments
#13
Teresa E Flaxman, Tine Alkjær, Erik B Simonsen, Michael R Krogsgaard, Daniel L Benoit
INTRODUCTION: Knee muscles are commonly labelled as flexors or extensors and aptly stabilize the knee against sagittal plane loads. However, how these muscles stabilize the knee against adduction-abduction and rotational loads remains unclear. Our study sought to: (1) classify muscle roles as they relate to joint stability by quantifying the relationship between individual muscle activation patterns and internal net joint moments in all three loading planes, and (2) determine if these roles change with increasing force levels...
October 14, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737287/thigh-injuries-in-american-football
#14
Joseph D Lamplot, Matthew J Matava
Quadriceps and hamstring injuries occur frequently in football and are generally treated conservatively. While return to competition following hamstring strains is relatively quick, a high rate of injury recurrence highlights the importance of targeted rehabilitation and conditioning. This review describes the clinical manifestations of thigh-related soft-tissue injuries seen in football players. Two of these-muscle strains and contusions-are relatively common, while a third condition-the Morel-Lavallée lesion-is a rare, yet relevant injury...
September 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735985/effects-of-early-whole-body-vibration-treatment-on-knee-neuromuscular-function-and-postural-control-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Eugenio Maria Pistone, Luca Laudani, Gianluca Camillieri, Alessandra Di Cagno, Gabriele Tomassi, Andrea Macaluso, Arrigo Giombini
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of adding a whole-body vibration protocol at optimal frequency (WBV-OF) to a traditional rehabilitation programme (TRP) early after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, on maximal strength and balance, in comparison with a traditional rehabilitation programme. DESIGN: A total of 34 anterior cruciate ligament reconstructed patients with hamstring-tendon graft underwent either 4 weeks of WBV-OF training in addition to a traditional rehabilitation programme, or a traditional rehabilitation programme only, starting from the first month after surgery...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697429/longer-versus-shorter-duration-of-supervised-rehabilitation-after-lung-transplantation-a%C3%A2-randomized-trial
#16
Louise M Fuller, Brenda Button, Ben Tarrant, Ranjana Steward, Lisa Bennett, Greg Snell, Anne E Holland
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of a supervised longer- (14wk) versus shorter-duration (7wk) rehabilitation program after lung transplantation (LTX). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Outpatient rehabilitation gym setting. PARTICIPANTS: Post-LTX patients aged ≥18 years (N=66; 33 women; mean age, 51±13y) who had undergone either single LTX or bilateral LTX. INTERVENTION: Outpatient rehabilitation program consisting of thrice-weekly sessions with cardiovascular training on bike ergometer and treadmill plus upper and lower limb strength training...
September 30, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677016/muscle-activations-during-gait-in-children-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#17
Juliette Ropars, Mathieu Lempereur, Sylvain Brochard, Carole Vuillerot, Vincent Tiffreau, Jean-Marie Cuisset, Yann Péréon, Fabien Leboeuf, Raphaël Gross, Ludovic Delporte, Yannick Delpierre
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective study was to investigate changes in muscle activity during gait in children with Duchenne muscular Dystrophy (DMD). MATERIALS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Dynamic surface electromyography recordings (EMGs) of 16 children with DMD and pathological gait were compared with those of 15 control children. The activity of the rectus femoris (RF), vastus lateralis (VL), medial hamstrings (HS), tibialis anterior (TA) and gastrocnemius soleus (GAS) muscles was recorded and analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677011/correction-of-hip-internal-rotation-in-walking-cerebral-palsy-adolescent-using-a-soft-tissue-procedure-an-alternative-to-femoral-rotation-osteotomy
#18
Bruno Dohin, Elie Haddad, Hassan Al Khoury Salem, Mohamed Merhez Kilani
OBJECTIVE: Hip internal rotation (HIR) during gait is one of the main functional disorders related to cerebral palsy (CP) in children. Most of the procedures proposed rotational osteotomy of the femur (FRO), (and/or tibia). However, multilevel surgery (SEMLS) including bone procedure, implicates more difficult and longer rehabilitation. When bone deformity is moderate, the authors hypothesized that FRO could be avoided. They developed a soft tissues procedure to improve HIR. The aim of the study was assessment of the procedure...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676859/interest-of-acl-grafts-compliance-assessments-in-the-first-2-months-after-surgery-adaptation-of-clinical-protocols-according-to-results
#19
Stéphane Nouveau
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess ACL grafts compliance (equal inverse of stiffness) after surgery (D-1, 30, 90, 180, 1Y). MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-three patients (15F, 38M) were tested with GNRB laximeter (Genourob company, France) during 1 year. We analysed the slope of the curves during the first year of ligamentisation (It's a more objective parameter than just the laxity at one force): operated side/healthy side (O/H). It was the same surgeon and the same surgery (hamstrings tendon transplant) for all patients...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676854/evolution-of-isokinetic-torque-ratios-of-shoulder-rotator-muscles
#20
Maryne Cozette, Stéphane Delanaud, Pierre-Marie Lepretre, Thierry Weissland
OBJECTIVE: Shoulder internal (IR) and external rotator (ER) muscles play an important role in the stability of glenohumeral joint. The ratio between the peak torque of ER and IR in concentric (ER/IRPT) and mixed (ER-ECC/IR-CONPT) are usually measured to evaluate the effects of muscle weakness, sport activities, injury and treatment (Greenfield et al., 1990; Scoville et al., 1997). However, ER/IRPT and ER-ECC/IR-CONPT failed to provide some indication on the evolution of the ER/IR torque ratio (ER/IRTorque) and mixed torque ratio (ER-EC/IR-COTorque) during the range of motion (ROM)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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