keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ageing and HIV

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731422/frailty-in-men-living-with-hiv-a-cross-sectional-comparison-of-three-frailty-instruments
#1
Hui-Ling Yeoh, Allen Cheng, Clovis Palmer, Suzanne M Crowe, Jennifer F Hoy
BACKGROUND: Potent antiretroviral treatment has resulted in near normal life expectancy for people living with HIV. Consequently, there is an increased focus on comorbidities, frailty and quality of life. METHODS: We assessed and compared the prevalence of frailty, associated factors and relationship with quality of life in older Australian men living with HIV in a cross-sectional study using three frailty measurements. The Frailty Phenotype, Frailty Index, and Edmonton Frail Scale were applied to 93 HIV-infected men aged over 50 years, on antiretroviral therapy...
July 21, 2017: Antiviral Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730408/evolution-of-the-hiv-1-transgenic-rat-utility-in-assessing-the-progression-of-hiv-1-associated-neurocognitive-disorders
#2
Kristen A McLaurin, Rosemarie M Booze, Charles F Mactutus
Understanding the progression of HIV-1-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) is a critical need as the prevalence of HIV-1 in older individuals (>50 years) is markedly increasing due to the great success of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). Longitudinal experimental designs, in comparison to cross-sectional studies, provide an opportunity to establish age-related disease progression in HAND. The HIV-1 transgenic (Tg) rat, which has been promoted for investigating the effect of long-term HIV-1 viral protein exposure, was used to examine two interrelated goals...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729879/safety-and-immunogenicity-of-the-quadrivalent-human-papillomavirus-qhpv-vaccine-in-hiv-positive-spanish-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm
#3
Carmen Hidalgo-Tenorio, Jessica Ramírez-Taboada, Concepción Gil-Anguita, Javier Esquivias, Mohamed Omar-Mohamed-Balgahata, Antonio SamPedro, Miguel Lopez-Ruz, Juan Pasquau
BACKGROUND: Safety and immunogenicity of the quadrivalent human papillomavirus (qHPV) vaccine were evaluated in HIV-positive Spanish MSM. The prevalence of High Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions (HSIL) and genotypes of high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) were also determined, as well as risk factors associated with the presence of HR-HPV in anal mucosa. METHODS: This is a randomised, double blind, placebo-controlled trial of the quadrivalent HPV (qHPV) vaccine...
2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729798/evaluation-of-salivary-flow-rate-and-gustatory-function-in-hiv-positive-patients-with-or-without-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy
#4
Neha Verma, Ranjitkumar Patil, Vikram Khanna, Vandana Singh, Anurag Tripathi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the salivary flow rate and gustatory changes in HIV-positive patients on highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) and without HAART. We also correlated CD4 count and salivary flow rate and gustatory function in both groups. METHODS: Sample size for each group was thirty. After obtaining informed consent, we measured salivary flow rate using Schimer's method and gustatory function using four tastants (sweet, sour, bitter, and salty) of different concentrations...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729516/high-hiv-incidence-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-following-an-early-syphilis-diagnosis-is-there-room-for-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-as-a-prevention-strategy
#5
Nicolò Girometti, Angela Gutierrez, Nneka Nwokolo, Alan McOwan, Gary Whitlock
OBJECTIVES: HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is becoming a pivotal strategy for HIV prevention. Understanding the impact of risk factors for HIV transmission to identify those at highest risk would favour the implementation of PrEP, currently limited by costs. In this service evaluation, we estimated the incidence of bacterial STIs in men who have sex with men (MSM) diagnosed with early syphilis attending a London sexual health clinic according to their HIV status. In addition, we estimated the incidence of HIV infection in HIV-negative MSM, following a diagnosis of early syphilis...
August 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729158/fixed-dose-combination-dolutegravir-abacavir-and-lamivudine-versus-ritonavir-boosted-atazanavir-plus-tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate-and-emtricitabine-in-previously-untreated-women-with-hiv-1-infection-aria-week-48-results-from-a-randomised-open-label-non-inferiority
#6
Catherine Orrell, Debbie P Hagins, Elena Belonosova, Norma Porteiro, Sharon Walmsley, Vicenç Falcó, Choy Y Man, Alicia Aylott, Ann M Buchanan, Brian Wynne, Cindy Vavro, Michael Aboud, Kimberly Y Smith
BACKGROUND: Dolutegravir is a once-daily integrase strand transfer inhibitor with no need for pharmacokinetic boosting that is approved for the treatment of HIV-1 infection. Because women are often under-represented in HIV clinical trials, we addressed the safety and efficacy of dolutegravir in women with HIV-1. METHODS: The ARIA study is a randomised, open-label, multicentre, active-controlled, parallel-group, non-inferiority phase 3b study done in 86 hospital and university infectious disease clinics, local health clinics, and private infectious disease clinics in 12 countries and one US territory, in North America, South America, Europe, Africa, and Asia...
July 17, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728527/antiretroviral-nonadherence-and-condomless-sex-in-the-hiv-outpatient-study-usa-2007-2014
#7
M D Durham, R Hart, K Buchacz, J Hammer, B Young, D Yang, K Wood, B Yangco, J T Brooks
Effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces plasma HIV RNA viral load (VL) to undetectable levels and its effectiveness depends on consistent adherence. Consistent adherence and use of safe sex practices may substantially decrease the risk of HIV transmission. We sought to explore the potential association between self-reported nonadherence to ART and engaging in unsafe sexual practices capable of transmitting HIV. Using clinical and audio computer-assisted self-interview data from the prospective HIV Outpatient Study from 2007 to 2014, we assessed the frequency of self-reported ART nonadherence during the three days prior to the survey among HIV-infected persons in care and factors associated with self-reported ART nonadherence...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728526/-i-m-still-here-i-m-still-alive-understanding-successful-aging-in-the-context-of-hiv
#8
Patricia Solomon, Lori Letts, Kelly K O'Brien, Stephanie Nixon, Larry Baxter, Nicole Gervais
As people living with HIV (PLWH) live longer, increased understanding of individuals' values and perceptions of successful aging can assist health providers in working with PLWH to set meaningful goals as they age. The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand how PLWH define successful aging and their perceptions of contributors to successful aging. Fourteen men and ten women over the age of 50 years (mean age 57 years; mean time since diagnosis 18 years) participated in individual interviews. Interviews were analyzed using directed content analysis...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728525/gender-differences-in-causes-of-death-among-persons-with-hiv-aids-in-san-francisco-california-1996-2013
#9
Nancy A Hessol, Sandra K Schwarcz, Ling Chin Hsu, Martha Shumway, Edward L Machtinger
The objective was to examine gender differences in causes of death using the San Francisco HIV/AIDS and death registries. Data from San Francisco residents diagnosed with HIV/AIDS who died from 1996 to 2013 were analyzed. Age, race/ethnicity, year, and gender-adjusted standardized mortality ratios and Poisson 95% confidence intervals were calculated for underlying causes of death. Among the 6268 deaths, deaths attributed to drug use, mental disorders due to substance use, cerebrovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, renal disease, and septicemia were more likely among women than among men...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727786/is-there-a-relationship-between-geographic-distance-and-uptake-of-hiv-testing-services-a-representative-population-based-study-of-chinese-adults-in-guangzhou-china
#10
Wen Chen, Fangjing Zhou, Brian J Hall, Joseph D Tucker, Carl Latkin, Andre M N Renzaho, Li Ling
Achieving high coverage of HIV testing services is critical in many health systems, especially where HIV testing services remain centralized and inconvenient for many. As a result, planning the optimal spatial distribution of HIV testing sites is increasingly important. We aimed to assess the relationship between geographic distance and uptake of HIV testing services among the general population in Guangzhou, China. Utilizing spatial epidemiological methods and stratified household random sampling, we studied 666 adults aged 18-59...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726042/reproductive-desires-and-considerations-of-hiv-positive-men-in-heterosexual-relationships-in-new-york-city
#11
Karolynn Siegel, Étienne Meunier, Jack Ume Tocco, Helen-Maria Lekas
The reproductive desires of HIV-positive men have been investigated far less than those of HIV-positive women, especially in the US. This qualitative study of a sample of 94 HIV-positive men in New York City who were in a relationship with a woman of reproductive age examined their reasons for wanting a child as well as the conditions under which they would feel ready to attempt conception. Participants felt a child would make them feel normal, give meaning to their lives, or make others in their life happy...
July 19, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725640/risk-factors-for-impaired-fasting-glucose-or-diabetes-among-hiv-infected-patients-on-art-in-the-copperbelt-province-of-zambia
#12
Perfect Shankalala, Choolwe Jacobs, Samuel Bosomprah, Michael Vinikoor, Patrick Katayamoyo, Charles Michelo
BACKGROUND: Africa has a high prevalence of both Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs) but in Zambia there are few data on co-morbid NCDs like Diabetes Mellitus (DM) among HIV-infected individuals. We aimed to identify risk factors for impaired fasting glucose or diabetes among HIV-infected Zambians on long-term Combined Antiretroviral Treatment (cART). METHODS: This was a cross sectional study of adult HIV patients in five health facilities of Copperbelt Province in Zambia...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725255/transition-into-adult-care-factors-associated-with-level-of-preparedness-among-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-cambodia
#13
Siyan Yi, Chanrith Ngin, Khuondyla Pal, Vohith Khol, Sovannary Tuot, Sokunmealiny Sau, Pheak Chhoun, Gitau Mburu, Sok Chamreun Choub, Kolab Chhim, Penhsun Ly
BACKGROUND: Preparing adolescents for transition into adult care and supporting their acquisition of self-health care management skills is a critical determinant of their post-transition HIV care outcomes. However, there is a scarcity of research on effective transition strategies. This study explores factors associated with adolescent preparedness for transition into adult care in Cambodia. METHODS: In August 2016, a cross-sectional study was conducted among 223 adolescents living with HIV aged 15-17, randomly selected from 11 antiretroviral therapy clinics, utilizing a structured questionnaire...
2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724513/development-of-a-tailored-hiv-prevention-intervention-for-single-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-who-meet-partners-online-protocol-for-the-mydex-project
#14
Jose Arturo Bauermeister, Ryan C Tingler, Michele Demers, Gary W Harper
BACKGROUND: New cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among young men who have sex with men (YMSM), aged 18 to 24, underscore the importance of developmentally-informed HIV programs for YMSM. We developed an online intervention focused on risk reduction strategies across different sexual partner types. Intervention activities focus on assisting YMSM reflect on their partner-seeking behaviors, develop sexual decision-making rules to reduce their HIV risks, and consider the adoption of HIV prevention behaviors...
July 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724510/social-media-engagement-and-hiv-testing-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey
#15
Bolin Cao, Chuncheng Liu, Maya Durvasula, Weiming Tang, Stephen Pan, Adam J Saffer, Chongyi Wei, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Many interventions find that social media engagement with health promotion materials can translate into behavioral changes. However, only a few studies have examined the ways in which specific actions on various social media platforms are correlated with health behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the association between social media use and HIV testing behaviors among Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM). METHODS: In July 2016, a Web-based survey was conducted to recruit MSM in 8 Chinese cities through Blued (Blue City Holdings Ltd...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724498/patients-with-hiv-and-coronary-disease-are-we-meeting-national-guidelines
#16
Sam Emmanuel, James Nadel, Damien Fagan, Sirinya Teeraananchai, Matthew Law, Cameron J Holloway
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has a higher incidence in patients with HIV infection. This study sought to determine whether HIV-infected patients with established CVD were being managed according to national guidelines. Data were collected from Australian general practitioners for 77 HIV-infected patients with a median age of 59 (range 54-64). There was good adherence to guidelines with regards to anti-platelet (84%; n=65; 95% confidence interval (CI) 74-92%) and statin therapy (97%; n=75; 95% CI 91-100%), despite a failure to meet cholesterol targets, with only 31% (n=24; 95% CI 21-42%) of the cohort meeting low-density lipoprotein target values...
July 20, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724368/utilizing-patient-data-from-the-veterans-administration-electronic-health-record-to-support-web-based-clinical-decision-support-informatics-challenges-and-issues-from-three-clinical-domains
#17
Nallakkandi Rajeevan, Kristina M Niehoff, Peter Charpentier, Forrest L Levin, Amy Justice, Cynthia A Brandt, Terri R Fried, Perry L Miller
BACKGROUND: The US Veterans Administration (VA) has developed a robust and mature computational infrastructure in support of its electronic health record (EHR). Web technology offers a powerful set of tools for structuring clinical decision support (CDS) around clinical care. This paper describes informatics challenges and design issues that were confronted in the process of building three Web-based CDS systems in the context of the VA EHR. METHODS: Over the course of several years, we implemented three Web-based CDS systems that extract patient data from the VA EHR environment to provide patient-specific CDS...
July 19, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724359/the-burden-of-hiv-on-tuberculosis-patients-in-the-volta-region-of-ghana-from-2012-to-2015-implication-for-tuberculosis-control
#18
Eric Osei, Joyce Der, Richard Owusu, Philip Kofie, Wisdom Kudzo Axame
BACKGROUND: The impact of HIV on TB, and the implications for TB control, has been acknowledged as a public health challenge. It is imperative therefore to assess the burden of HIV on TB patients as an indicator for monitoring the control efforts of the two diseases in this part of the world. This study aimed at determining the burden of HIV infection in TB patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of TB registers in five districts of the Volta Region of Ghana...
July 19, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724043/compulsory-notification-at-skilled-nursing-facilities
#19
Milton Luiz Gorzoni, Márcia Regina Valadares Aguado, Sueli Luciano Pires, Lilian de Fátima Costa Faria
Introduction: Notifiable diseases (NDs) encompass conditions of high clinical severity and/or contagious. Being closed communities, long-term care facilities (LTCF) are places that deserve attention on their own, but one might be left wondering: what is the reality of NDs at Brazilian LTCFs? Objective: To determine the prevalence and type of NDs at large LTCF. Method: Active search for NDs conducted by the Hospital Infection Control Committee (HICC) in 459 beds...
May 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723963/impact-of-thyroid-function-abnormalities-on-reproductive-hormones-during-menstrual-cycle-in-premenopausal-hiv-infected-females-at-nauth-nnewi-nigeria
#20
Nkiruka Rose Ukibe, Solomon Nwabueze Ukibe, Obiageli Fidelia Emelumadu, Chinedum Charles Onyenekwe, Joseph Eberendu Ahaneku, Anthony Osita Igwegbe, Ifeoma Nwamaka Monago, Amobi Linus Ilika
BACKGROUND: This was a prospective study designed to evaluate the impact of thyroid function abnormalities on reproductive hormones during menstrual cycle in HIV infected females at Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital Nnewi, South-East Nigeria. METHODS: The study randomly recruited 35 Symptomatic HIV infected females and 35 Symptomatic HIV infected females on antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for not less than six weeks from an HIV clinic and 40 apparently heathy control females among the hospital staff of NAUTH Nnewi...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
26735
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"