keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ageing and HIV

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166436/factors-associated-with-self-reported-discrimination-against-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-brazil
#1
Laio Magno, Inês Dourado, Luís Augusto V da Silva, Sandra Brignol, Ana Maria de Brito, Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães, Adele Benzaken, Adriana de A Pinho, Carl Kendall, Ligia Regina Franco Sansigolo Kerr
OBJECTIVE: To estimate self-reported discrimination due to sexual orientation among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Brazil and to analyze associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 3,859 MSM recruited in 2008-2009 with respondent driven sampling. Data collection conducted in health centers in 10 Brazilian cities. A face-to-face questionnaire was used and rapid HIV and syphilis tests conducted. Aggregated data were weighted and adjusted odds ratio estimated to measure the association between selected factors and self-reported discrimination due to sexual orientation...
2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166171/decomposition-of-economic-inequality-in-needle-and-syringe-programs-utilization-to-its-determinants-among-men-who-inject-drugs-in-tehran-using-blinder-oaxaca-decomposition-method
#2
Mehdi Noroozi, Ebrahim Rahimi, Hessam Ghisvand, Mostafa Qorbani, Hamid Sharifi, Alireza Noroozi, Ali Farhoudian, Brandon D L Marshall, Zahra Jorjoran Shoshtari, Salah Eddin Karimi, Omid Rezaei, Bahram Armoon
BACKGROUND: According to latest available data there are more of 300,000 people injects drug users (PWID) in Iran. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we used a Blinder-Oaxaca (BO) decomposition to explore the relative contributions of inequality in utilization of NSPs and to decompose it to its determinants in Teheran. METHODS: We used data from a cross-sectional survey using snowball sampling to recruit 500 PWID from June to July 2016 in Tehran. Participants were reported injecting drug use in the past month, were able to speak and comprehend Farsi enough to respond to survey questions, and were able to provide informed consent to complete the interview...
November 22, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165684/can-biomarkers-advance-hiv-research-and-care-in-the-art-era
#3
Amy C Justice, Kristine M Erlandson, Paolo G Miotti, Alan Landay, Peter W Hunt, Russell P Tracy
Despite achieving HIV-1 RNA suppression below levels of detection and, for most, improved CD4 counts, those aging with HIV experience excess low-level inflammation, hypercoagulability, and immune dysfunction (chronic inflammation) compared to demographically and behaviorally similar uninfected individuals. A host of biomarkers that are linked to chronic inflammation are also associated with HIV-associated non-AIDS events including cardiovascular disease, many forms of cancer, liver disease, renal disease, neurocognitive decline, and osteoporosis...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165579/investigating-mediators-of-the-poor-pneumonia-outcomes-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-exposed-but-uninfected-children
#4
Matthew S Kelly, Jiayin Zheng, Sefelani Boiditswe, Andrew P Steenhoff, Kristen A Feemster, Tonya Arscott-Mills, Boitshepe Seme, Bakgaki Ratshaa, Ikanyeng Rulaganyang, Mohamed Z Patel, Savarra Mantzor, Samir S Shah, Coleen K Cunningham
Background: Human immunodeficiency virus-exposed but uninfected (HIV-EU) children have a higher mortality rate than the children of HIV-negative mothers (HIV-unexposed). Causal mediators of the poor health outcomes of HIV-EU children remain poorly defined. Methods: We conducted a hospital-based prospective cohort study of children aged 1 to 23 months with clinically defined pneumonia. The children were recruited at a referral hospital in Gaborone, Botswana, between April 2012 and June 2016...
November 20, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165514/-disseminated-histoplasmosis-and-hiv-infection-case-series-in-a-peruvian-hospital
#5
Giancarlo Pérez-Lazo, Julio Maquera-Afaray, Christian R Mejia, Raúl Castillo
BACKGROUND: Histoplasmosis is an endemic fungal infection in Peru and HIV coinfection leads to difficult diagnoses and high associated mortality. AIM: To describe clinical, epidemiological and clinical outcomes in patients with HIV infection with diagnosis of disseminated histoplasmosis (DH) at Guillermo Almenara Irigoyen National Hospital, Lima, Peru. METHODS: Retrospective, descriptive study; information was obtained from the computer registry of patients with HIV infection diagnosed with DH, during the period 1996-2014...
August 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165512/-antiretroviral-treatment-adherence-for-hiv-aids-in-women-a-sociocultural-perspective
#6
Julieta Belmar, Valeria Stuardo
BACKGROUND: Adequate adherence to HAART has a high impact on survival of AIDA patients. There is little consensus on the causes of low adherence to treatment in women, who are in a situation of inequality in terms of prevention and related care. OBJECTIVES: To explore and describe the socio-cultural aspects related to the adherence of women to antiretroviral treatment for HIV / AIDS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Qualitative, exploratory-descriptive study...
August 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165125/nurses-willingness-to-care-for-patients-infected-with-hiv-or-hepatitis-b-c-in-vietnam
#7
Tomohiro Ishimaru, Koji Wada, Huong Thi Xuan Hoang, Anh Thi My Bui, Hung Dinh Nguyen, Hung Le, Derek R Smith
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the factors associated with nurses' willingness to care for patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis B or C virus (HBV/HCV) in Vietnam. METHODS: A cross-section of 400 Vietnamese nurses from two hospitals were selected using stratified random sampling, to whom a self-administered questionnaire was administered which included demographic items, previous experience with patients infected with HIV or HBV/HCV, and their attitudes toward these patients...
March 16, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164545/-sleep-quality-depression-anxiety-and-self-esteem-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids-plwha
#8
Hsiang-Chun Wu, Po-Liang Lu, Wen-Chuan Lin, Chien-Tai Yu, Ming-Chu Feng
BACKGROUND: HIV has become a chronic disease. Therefore, the mental health and sleep quality of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) have become increasingly important issues of concern. PURPOSE: To explore the sleep quality, depression, anxiety, and self-esteem of PLWHA and the correlation between sleep quality and various related mental-health factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational study was conducted at a medical center in southern Taiwan in 2013-2014...
December 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164013/physician-adherence-to-sexually-transmitted-infection-screening-guidelines-in-an-ob-gyn-teaching-clinic-in-hawai-i
#9
Alyssa Dee P Carlson, Mary Tschann, Somsook Santibenchakul, Eric L Hurwitz, Jennifer Salcedo
Rates of chlamydia (CT) and gonorrhea (GC) have risen for the first time in the United States since 2006. Certain population groups are disproportionately affected by these sexually transmitted infections (STIs) as well as HIV. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and professional societies have published screening guidelines for these STIs for women under the age of 25. We aimed to quantify physician adherence to GC/CT and HIV screening guidelines and to determine demographic factors associated with GC/CT and HIV screening recommendations among women 14-25 years old in Honolulu, Hawai'i...
November 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163865/associations-between-neurocognitive-functioning-and-social-and-occupational-resilience-among-south-african-women-exposed-to-childhood-trauma
#10
C A Denckla, N S Consedine, G Spies, M Cherner, D C Henderson, K C Koenen, S Seedat
Background: Prior research on adaptation after early trauma among black South African women typically assessed resilience in ways that lacked contextual specificity. In addition, the neurocognitive correlates of social and occupational resilience have not been investigated. Objective: The primary aim of this exploratory study was to identify domains of neurocognitive functioning associated with social and occupational resilience, defined as functioning at a level beyond what would be expected given exposure to childhood trauma...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163068/larger-subcortical-gray-matter-structures-and-smaller-corpora-callosa-at-age-5-years-in-hiv-infected-children-on-early-art
#11
Steven R Randall, Christopher M R Warton, Martha J Holmes, Mark F Cotton, Barbara Laughton, Andre J W van der Kouwe, Ernesta M Meintjes
Sub-Saharan Africa is home to 90% of HIV infected (HIV+) children. Since the advent of antiretroviral therapy (ART), HIV/AIDS has transitioned to a chronic condition where central nervous system (CNS) damage may be ongoing. Although, most guidelines recommend early ART to reduce CNS viral reservoirs, the brain may be more vulnerable to potential neurotoxic effects of ART during the rapid development phase in the first years of life. Here we investigate differences in subcortical volumes between 5-year-old HIV+ children who received early ART (before age 18 months) and uninfected children using manual tracing of Magnetic Resonance Images...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162570/relationship-between-socioeconomic-status-and-hiv-infection-findings-from-a-survey-in-the-free-state-and-western-cape-provinces-of-south-africa
#12
Erick Wekesa Bunyasi, David John Coetzee
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown a mixed association between socioeconomic status (SES) and prevalent HIV infection across and within settings in sub-Saharan Africa. In general, the relationship between years of formal education and HIV infection changed from a positive to a negative association with maturity of the HIV epidemic. Our objective was to determine the association between SES and HIV in women of reproductive age in the Free State (FSP) and Western Cape Provinces (WCP) of South Africa (SA)...
November 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161993/burden-of-asymptomatic-malaria-anemia-and-relationship-with-cotrimoxazole-use-and-cd4-cell-count-among-hiv1-infected-adults-living-in-gabon-central-africa
#13
Marielle Karine Bouyou Akotet, Jeanne Vanessa Koumba Lengongo, Magloire Ondounda, Eric Kendjo, Arnaud Mongo Delis, Magalie Essomeyo Mebale, Jacques Mari Ndong Ngomo, Noé Patrick M Bondoukwe, Denise Patricia Mawili-Mboumba, Madeleine Okome Nkoumou
 Objective : This study determined the prevalence of asymptomatic Plasmodium (P.) falciparum infection and anemia in adults living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) and compared malaria prevalence between 858 HIV-infected (PLHIV) and 272 uninfected individuals in Gabon where such information are lacking. Factors influencing malaria and anemia were also investigated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Participants were screened for malaria. Available hemoglobin level, socio-demographic and use of prevention or treatment data were compared between both groups...
November 21, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161954/-we-hide%C3%A2-perceptions-of-hiv-risk-among-black-and-latino-msm-in-new-york-city
#14
Ashley Murray, Zaneta Gaul, Madeline Y Sutton, Jose Nanin
Black and Latino men who have sex with men (BLMSM) are disproportionately infected with HIV; they comprised 66% of HIV diagnoses among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States in 2015. Risk factors for HIV infection among BLMSM include a high community prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed HIV/STDs, and dense sex partner networks. Perceptions of HIV risk among BLMSM were explored to inform HIV prevention efforts. During 2011-2012, semistructured interviews were conducted with BLMSM in New York City...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161262/the-value-of-confirmatory-testing-in-early-infant-hiv-diagnosis-programmes-in-south-africa-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#15
Lorna Dunning, Jordan A Francke, Divya Mallampati, Rachel L MacLean, Martina Penazzato, Taige Hou, Landon Myer, Elaine J Abrams, Rochelle P Walensky, Valériane Leroy, Kenneth A Freedberg, Andrea Ciaranello
BACKGROUND: The specificity of nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) used for early infant diagnosis (EID) of HIV infection is <100%, leading some HIV-uninfected infants to be incorrectly identified as HIV-infected. The World Health Organization recommends that infants undergo a second NAAT to confirm any positive test result, but implementation is limited. Our objective was to determine the impact and cost-effectiveness of confirmatory HIV testing for EID programmes in South Africa...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161167/depression-and-marijuana-use-among-a-sample-of-urban-females-is-stage-of-development-important
#16
Leah Floyd Campbell
BACKGROUND: Increasing rates of marijuana use and high rates of depression among females are major public health concerns and ambiguous study results suggest a complex association between the two. Inconsistent findings may be due to differences in sample characteristics (e.g., females vs. males) and result from differences in the relationship over time (i.e., across developmental stages). OBJECTIVES: Presently, the extent to which the relationship between depression and marijuana use differed for females in emerging adulthood, compared to young adult females, was examined...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161072/sexual-assertiveness-skills-and-sexual-decision-making-in-adolescent-girls-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-online-program
#17
Laura Widman, Carol E Golin, Kristyn Kamke, Jeni L Burnette, Mitchell J Prinstein
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of an interactive, Web-based sexual health program (Health Education and Relationship Training [HEART]) for developing sexual assertiveness skills and enhancing sexual decision-making in adolescent girls. METHODS: Participants were 222 tenth-grade girls (mean age = 15.2; 38% White, 29% Hispanic, 25% Black) in the Southeastern United States who were randomized in fall 2015 to the HEART intervention or an attention-matched control...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160949/failure-to-initiate-hiv-treatment-in-patients-with-high-cd4-counts-evidence-from-demographic-surveillance-in-rural-kwazulu-natal
#18
Jacob Bor, Calvin Chiu, Shahira Ahmed, Ingrid Katz, Matt Fox, Sydney Rosen, Manisha Yapa, Frank Tanser, Deenan Pillay, Till Bärnighausen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between CD4 count at presentation and ART uptake and assess predictors of timely treatment initiation in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. METHODS: We used Cox Proportional Hazards models to assess the association between first CD4 count and time from first CD4 to ART initiation amongst all treatment-naïve adults presenting to the Hlabisa HIV Treatment and Care Program between August 2011 and December 2012, with CD4<350 cells...
November 21, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160948/disability-social-functioning-and-school-inclusion-among-older-children-and-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-zimbabwe
#19
Ruramayi Rukuni, Grace McHugh, Edith Majonga, Katharina Kranzer, Hilda Mujuru, Shungu Munyati, Kusum Nathoo, Celia L Gregson, Hannah Kuper, Rashida A Ferrand
OBJECTIVE: Increasing numbers of children with HIV are surviving to adolescence and encountering multiple clinical and social consequences of longstanding HIV infection. We aimed to investigate the association between HIV and disability, social functioning and school inclusion among 6 to 16 year-olds in Zimbabwe. METHODS: HIV-infected children receiving antiretroviral therapy from a public sector HIV clinic, and HIV-uninfected children attending primary care clinics in the same catchment area were recruited...
November 21, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160515/visceral-leishmaniasis-and-leishmaniasis-hiv-coinfection-comparative-study
#20
João Victor Soares Coriolano Coutinho, Fabiana Silva Dos Santos, Rosângela do Socorro Pereira Ribeiro, Iara Brito Bucar Oliveira, Victória Bezerra Dantas, Ana Barbara Feliciano Souza Santos, Jéssyca Rodrigues Tauhata
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to draw clinical and epidemiological comparisons between visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and VL associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. METHOD: Retrospective study. RESULTS: Of 473 cases of VL, 5.5% were coinfected with HIV. The highest proportion of cases of both VL and VL/HIV were found among men. A higher proportion of VL cases was seen in children aged 0-10 years, whereas coinfection was more common in those aged 18-50 years...
September 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
keyword
keyword
26735
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"