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Tara DeLecce, Nicole Barbaro, Derek Mohamedally, Todd K Shackelford
Males among many species, including humans, evaluate cues of sperm competition risk and adjust accordingly their sperm competition tactics. The number of potential sexual rivals can serve as an index of sperm competition risk. Therefore, men may adjust their in-pair copulatory interest in accordance with the presence of sexual rivals. Using self-reports from 45 married men, we test the hypotheses that the time a man's wife spends with other men-either male friends or male coworkers-will positively predict a man's copulatory interest in his wife (Hypothesis 1) and his anger (Hypothesis 2), upset (Hypothesis 3), and frustration (Hypothesis 4) in response to his wife's sexual rejection...
April 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
Jaclyn S Wong, Ning Hsieh
Objectives: Health limitations can change older adults' social relationships and social engagement. Yet, researchers rarely examine how the disability of one's spouse might affect one's social relationships, even though such life strains are often experienced as a couple. This study investigates the association between functional and cognitive limitations and social experience in a dyadic context. Method: We use actor-partner interdependence models to analyze the partner data from 953 heterosexual couples in Wave II (2010-2011) of the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project...
March 28, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Pınar Soylar, Metin F Genç
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women both in developed and developing countries. It has a higher mortality rate in low and middle income countries due to the late-stage diagnosis. The principal aim of this study was to investigate what patients with breast cancer did before presenting to Turgut Özal Medical Center and its relationship with late stage diagnosis. The study also aimed to identify the level of patients' perceived social support. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 200 patients with breast cancer who were treated at the chemotherapy unit during 2013 and 2014...
April 2016: Journal of Breast Health (2013)
Xiufang Li, Beichuan Zhang, Juan Wang, Yang Li, Xianhong Li, Peiheng Yu, Minghua Liu, Xinqiao Liu
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are a high-risk group for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. In China, the vast majority of MSM feel forced to marry or plan to marry women, according to traditional Chinese culture. Women who have regular sexual relations with MSM, called tongqi in mainland China, live with a high risk of STDs or HIV infection, but these risks are often ignored. Our investigation of this group of the women is a preliminary study that aims to understand the sexual health problems of tongqi and related factors...
February 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
Yi-Chun Liu, Hung-Hui Chen, Jia-Fu Lee, Kuei-Hui Chu, Li-Yin Chien
BACKGROUND: Transnational marriage-based immigrant women in Taiwan have moved to a country where alcohol use is prevalent and they face the challenge of adaptation into a new society, which could influence their drinking behavior. OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of alcohol drinking and examine factors associated with drinking patterns among immigrant women in Taiwan. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional questionnaire survey and data were collected from June through November in 2013...
April 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Xianglong Xu, Yunshuang Rao, Manoj Sharma, Jeff J Guo, Yong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Second-hand smoke is a major indoor pollutant that causes serious health problems, especially for pregnant women. The 2010 Global Adult Tobacco Survey in China reported that 65·1% of non-smoking women of childbearing age were exposed to second-hand smoke at home and 52·6% were exposed in the workplace. This study aimed to probe behaviours in avoiding indoor second-hand smoke exposure induced by different intimate relationships among pregnant women in China. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 2345 pregnant women aged 18 years and older surveyed in person by investigators from June 1, to Aug 31, 2015, from 16 hospitals in five provinces of Mainland China (Chongqing, Chengdu, Zunyi, Liaocheng, and Tianjin)...
October 2016: Lancet
Xianglong Xu, Yunshuang Rao, Sha Deng, Sheng Liu, Jeff J Guo, Manoj Sharma, Yong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Smoking during pregnancy is related to many adverse outcomes on infants. Smoking during pregnancy can cause abortion, premature birth, stillbirth, increased sudden infant death risk, and low birthweight. The aim of this study was to probe the differences in smoking among pregnant women with diverse characteristics. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 2345 pregnant women aged 18 years and older were surveyed in person by investigators from June 1, to Aug 31, 2015, from 16 hospitals in five provinces of Mainland China (Chongqing, Chengdu, Zunyi, Liaocheng, and Tianjin)...
October 2016: Lancet
Karen Aroian, Nizam Uddin, Hazar Blbas
Using a stress and social support framework, this study explored the trajectory of depression in 388 married Arab immigrant women. The women provided three panels of data approximately 18 months apart. Depression at Time 3 was regressed on Time 1 depression, socio-demographic variables, and rate of change over time in stress and social support. The regression model was significant and accounted for 41.16% of the variation in Time 3 depression scores. Time 1 depression, English reading ability, husband's employment status, changes over time in immigration demands, daily hassles, and social support from friends were associated with Time 3 depression...
February 2017: Health Care for Women International
Asit Kumar Sikary, Rajanikanta Swain, Shivani Dhaka, Sudhir K Gupta, Abhishek Yadav
In suicide pact, two or more victims mutually agree and execute to end their lives together by predetermined method, preferably by hanging, drowning, gunshot, or poisoning. The victims are usually spouses, lovers, or friends, and the reasons behind such steps are various. In this reported suicide pact, husband-wife duo jumped from the terrace of a 12-meter-high building with their wrist bound to each other. Although they jumped together, the injury patterns were completely different. The man landed on head sustaining mainly craniocerebral injuries, and the wife landed on feet sustaining long bone injuries...
November 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
(no author information available yet)
Ms. L. is a 31-year-old female who presents to Dr. Impf, a neurosurgeon. Ms. L. has a more than 25-year history of iteratively worsening Tourette syndrome, characterized by severe motoric and postural tics and respiratory expression (grunting). Ms. L. is a rather shy, somewhat introverted woman who spends her time with her husband and a small group of friends, mostly watching cooking shows. Although she has been, and is generally, a good student, she describes her academic performance as "not stellar." Following years of unsuccessful attempts at pharmacological therapy, Ms...
October 2016: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
Doris W Campbell, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Hossein N Yarandi, Annie Lewis O'Connor, Emily Dollar, Cheryl Killion, Elizabeth Sloand, Gloria B Callwood, Nicole M Cesar, Mona Hassan, Faye Gary
OBJECTIVES: Limited research following disasters suggests that internally displaced women are disproportionately vulnerable to violence and abuse. An interdisciplinary collaborative of researchers and practitioners in Haiti, the US Virgin Islands, and the US Mainland investigated gender-based violence (GBV) pre- and post-earthquake and health outcomes among Haitian women living in tent cities/camps following the 2010 earthquake. METHODS: A comparative descriptive correlational design using culturally sensitive and language appropriate computer-assisted interviews of 208 internally displaced women 2011-2013...
November 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Jean Mullins, Donna Z Bliss, Sharon Rolnick, Casey Arntson Henre, Jody Jackson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine barriers to communicating with healthcare professionals and health literacy about incontinence among different types of informal caregivers of individuals with Alzheimer disease (AD). DESIGN: Descriptive secondary analysis. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: The sample included 48 family/friend adult caregivers of individuals who had AD. Seventy-five percent were female; their mean age was 64 ± 14 years (mean ± SD)...
September 2016: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
Janne Lillelid Gjerde, Guri Rortveit, Mulu Muleta, Mulat Adefris, Astrid Blystad
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the study was to explore how women with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse in a low-income setting explain, experience, and handle the potential practical and social consequences of the condition. METHODS: An explorative qualitative design was employed using in-depth interviews in the data collection. A total of 24 women with different degrees of symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse were included; 18 were recruited at the hospital and 6 from the community...
March 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
A P Rathbone, A Todd, K Jamie, M Bonam, L Banks, A K Husband
BACKGROUND: Medicines non-adherence continues to be problematic in health care practice. After decades of research, few interventions have a robust evidence-based demonstrating their applicability to improve adherence. Phenomenology has a place within the health care research environment. OBJECTIVE: To explore patients' lived experiences of medicines adherence reported in the phenomenonologic literature. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted to identify peer-reviewed and published phenomenological investigations in adults that aimed to investigate patients' lived experiences of medicines adherence...
May 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Nadia Diamond-Smith, May Sudhinaraset, Jason Melo, Nirmala Murthy
BACKGROUND: a growing body of literature has highlighted the prevalence of mistreatment that women experience around the globe during childbirth, including verbal and physical abuse, neglect, lack of support, and disrespect. Much of this has been qualitative. Research around the world suggests that support during childbirth can improve health outcomes and behaviours, and improve experiences. Support can be instrumental, informational, or emotional, and can be provided by a variety of people including family (husbands, mothers) or health providers of various professional levels...
September 2016: Midwifery
Rajlaxmi Mundhra, Nilanchali Singh, Somya Kaushik, Anita Mendiratta
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of various types of domestic violence and to find out the impact of intimate partner violence (IPV) on adoption of contraceptive measures among the women who are victim to this. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This questionnaire-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in the department of obstetrics and gynecology of a tertiary care hospital in Delhi. Four hundred and one postpartum females were randomly selected over a period of 5 months and were questioned about their age, parity, educational status, occupation, husband's education, monthly family income, and, if present, IPV in detail...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Parvin Shahry, Sharareh R Niakan Kalhori, Azar Esfandiyari, Feresteh Zamani-Alavijeh
BACKGROUND: Unwanted pregnancy induces adverse attitudes regarding pregnancy which is a natural event by increasing mental and socio-economic difficulties. Insufficient maternal care and low adjustment to parental role are known as consequences of unwanted pregnancy. Perceived social support and self-efficacy in pregnancy influence health related behaviors and may play a crucial role in adaptation to pregnancy; this study was conducted to examine and compare the self-efficacy and social support among two groups of women with wanted and unwanted pregnancy...
April 2016: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
Samjhana Gurung, Jeevan Acharya
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine prevalence of gender-based violence among pregnant women attending an antenatal care (ANC) clinic. METHODS: Between September 2014 and December 2014, a cross-sectional study was conducted among 202 pregnant women attending the antenatal ward of the Primary Healthcare Centre (PHC) of Syangja district, Nepal. The data were collected using semistructure questionnaires with face-to-face interviews. SPSS software (IBM Corp, Armonk, NY, USA) was used for analysis the data...
April 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
Yasir Bin Nisar, Brekhna Aurangzeb, Michael J Dibley, Ashraful Alam
BACKGROUND: World Health Organisation recommends that pregnant women with no complications should visit a healthcare provider at least four times to receive sufficient antenatal care services. In Pakistan only 37% of women reported to have had four or more antenatal care visits during their last pregnancy. This study aimed to explore facilitators and barriers to use of antenatal care services in rural and urban communities of two selected districts in Pakistan. METHODS: Qualitative explorative study using in-depth interviews with currently pregnant women, lady health workers and doctors providing antenatal care services, and focus group discussion with women who had a child aged 5 years or younger, was conducted in a rural community in the district Swabi and in a tertiary care hospital in urban Islamabad in Pakistan...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Theodore K Gideonse
After being arrested for violating a restraining order against his husband, on November 24, 2013, Yale professor Samuel See died while in lockup at the Union Avenue Detention Center in New Haven, Connecticut. The death received media attention around the world, with readers arguing online about whether See's death was caused by police misconduct, as his friends and colleagues charged in interviews and during a well-publicised march and protest. When an autopsy revealed that he had died from a methamphetamine-induced heart attack, online commentary changed dramatically, with See's many supporters rhetorically abandoning him and others describing him as a stereotype of the gay meth addict who deserved his fate...
February 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
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