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Feng Zhang Broad

Ma Ke, Xi Chen, Jia-Cheng Chen, Ying Wang, Xi-Meng Zhang, Fan Huang, Jun-Jiong Zheng, Xiong Chen, Wei Yu, Ke-Ling Cheng, Yan-Qing Feng, Huai-Yu Gu
Rifampicin, a broad-spectrum antibiotic, has neuroprotective, immunosuppressive, and anti-inflammatory properties. However, the effect of rifampicin on autoimmune disorders of the nervous system is not clear. In this study, we investigated whether rifampicin was beneficial for myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein peptide (MOG33-35 )-induced female C57BL/6 experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) mice, the well-established animal model of multiple sclerosis (MS). Rifampicin treatment (daily from the first day after EAE immunization) remarkably attenuated clinical signs and loss of body weight, which are associated with suppression of inflammatory infiltration and demyelination in spinal cords of EAE mice...
October 23, 2016: Journal of Neurochemistry
Feng Zhang, Bo Yang, Kailiang Zhang, Mei-Ling Hou, Xue-Chun Lu, Yu-Xin Li
Amifostine (AMF), 2-(3-Aminopropyl) aminoethyl phosphorothioate is a broad-spectrum cytoprotective agent used to treat nuclear radiation and chemical weapon injuries. Recently, amifostine has been shown to have a profound biological influence on tumor cells. In order to examine the effects and mechanisms underlying the effects of amifostine on human acute megakaryocytic leukemia, we evaluated the efficacy of amifostine against Dami cells and observed a cell cycle arrest in G2 /M phase. Amifostine treatment also induced cell apoptosis of Dami cells which corresponds to formal studies...
October 19, 2016: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
Heng-Rui Zhang, Dao-Qian Chen, Ya-Ping Han, Yi-Feng Qiu, Dong-Po Jin, Xue-Yuan Liu
A photoredox-/copper-catalyzed decarboxylative difluoroacetylation reaction of α,β-unsaturated carboxylic acids has been developed. This reaction produces a variety of difluoroalkylated alkenes in moderate to excellent yields and exhibits satisfactory stereoselectivity and a broad substrate scope at ambient temperature. Furthermore, this decarboxylative difluoroacetylation protocol provides efficient and environment friendly access to the difluoroalkylated alkenes.
September 27, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Songtao Xu, Mukai Chen, Huanying Zheng, Haiyan Wang, Meng Chen, Jianhui Zhou, Wang Shuang, Pengbo Yu, Chaofeng Ma, Jilan He, Daxing Feng, Zhu Zhen, Zhang Yan, Mao Naiying, Aili Cui, Qiuhua Wu, Mengyuan Qi, Chongshan Li, Xiaoguang Xu, Wenbo Xu
BACKGROUND: In 2010, a universal nomenclature for varicella-zoster virus (VZV) clades was established, which is very useful in the monitoring of viral evolution, recombination, spread and genetic diversity. Currently, information about VZV clades has been disclosed worldwide, however, there are limited data regarding the characterization of circulating VZV clades in China, even where varicella remains widely epidemic. METHODS: From 2008 to 2012, clinical samples with varicella or zoster were collected in General Hospital in eight provinces and analyzed by PCR, restriction endonuclease digestion and sequencing...
October 7, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Zhi-Chun Shao, Yan Zhao, Wanyu Zhang, Yanping Cao, Xi-Qiao Feng
Sinusoidal wrinkling will occur in a planar film-substrate bilayer when the uniaxial compressive strain imposed to the system exceeds a critical value. However, when a core-shell soft cylinder is subjected to axial compression, surface wrinkling patterns may evolve from the sinusoidal mode to the diamond-like mode, depending on the modular ratio and the curvature of the system. Inspired by this phenomenon, we here propose a simple yet robust strategy to fabricate hierarchical wrinkling patterns by controlling the curvature of a film-substrate system...
September 28, 2016: Soft Matter
Yuan-Nong Ye, Bin-Guang Ma, Chuan Dong, Hong Zhang, Ling-Ling Chen, Feng-Biao Guo
A minimal gene set (MGS) is critical for the assembly of a minimal artificial cell. We have developed a proposal of simplifying bacterial gene set to approximate a bacterial MGS by the following procedure. First, we base our simplified bacterial gene set (SBGS) on experimentally determined essential genes to ensure that the genes included in the SBGS are critical. Second, we introduced a half-retaining strategy to extract persistent essential genes to ensure stability. Third, we constructed a viable metabolic network to supplement SBGS...
October 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
Gang Liao, Xue-Song Yin, Kai Chen, Qi Zhang, Shuo-Qing Zhang, Bing-Feng Shi
Several examples on Pd-catalysed carbonylation of methyl C(sp(3))-H bonds with gaseous CO via Pd(II)/Pd(0) catalysis have been reported. However, methylene C(sp(3))-H carbonylation remains a great challenge, largely due to the lack of reactivity of C-H bonds and the difficulty in CO migratory insertion. Herein, we report the stereoselective alkoxycarbonylation of both methyl and methylene C(sp(3))-H bonds with alkyl chloroformates through a Pd(II)/Pd(IV) catalytic cycle. A broad range of aliphatic carboxamides and alkyl chloroformates are compatible with this protocol...
2016: Nature Communications
Bingjie Zhang, Hui Zheng, Bo Huang, Wenzhi Li, Yunlong Xiang, Xu Peng, Jia Ming, Xiaotong Wu, Yu Zhang, Qianhua Xu, Wenqiang Liu, Xiaochen Kou, Yanhong Zhao, Wenteng He, Chong Li, Bo Chen, Yuanyuan Li, Qiujun Wang, Jing Ma, Qiangzong Yin, Kehkooi Kee, Anming Meng, Shaorong Gao, Feng Xu, Jie Na, Wei Xie
Histone modifications are fundamental epigenetic regulators that control many crucial cellular processes. However, whether these marks can be passed on from mammalian gametes to the next generation is a long-standing question that remains unanswered. Here, by developing a highly sensitive approach, STAR ChIP-seq, we provide a panoramic view of the landscape of H3K4me3, a histone hallmark for transcription initiation, from developing gametes to post-implantation embryos. We find that upon fertilization, extensive reprogramming occurs on the paternal genome, as H3K4me3 peaks are depleted in zygotes but are readily observed after major zygotic genome activation at the late two-cell stage...
September 14, 2016: Nature
Qian Zhang, Yunjiang Feng, Derek Kennedy
Chemotherapy is one of the most effective and broadly used approaches for cancer management and many modern regimes can eliminate the bulk of the cancer cells. However, recurrence and metastasis still remain a major obstacle leading to the failure of systemic cancer treatments. Therefore, to improve the long-term eradication of cancer, the cellular and molecular pathways that provide targets which play crucial roles in drug resistance should be identified and characterised. Multidrug resistance (MDR) and the existence of tumor-initiating cells, also referred to as cancer stem cells (CSCs), are two major contributors to the failure of chemotherapy...
September 12, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Sun-Yee Kim, Choon Kiat Sim, Qiongyi Zhang, Hui Tang, Reinhard Brunmeir, Hong Pan, Neerja Karnani, Weiping Han, Kangling Zhang, Feng Xu
Lysine acetylation is an important post-translational modification in cell signaling. In acetylome studies, a high-quality pan-acetyl-lysine antibody is key to successful enrichment of acetylated peptides for subsequent mass spectrometry analysis. Here we show an alternative method to generate polyclonal pan-acetyl-lysine antibodies using a synthesized random library of acetylated peptides as the antigen. Our antibodies are tested to be specific for acetyl-lysine peptides/proteins via ELISA and dot blot. When pooled, five of our antibodies show broad reactivity to acetyl-lysine peptides, complementing a commercial antibody in terms of peptide coverage...
2016: PloS One
Sheng Zhao, Bin Liu, Bei-Bei Zhan, Wei-Dong Zhang, Bing-Feng Shi
Ni(II)-catalyzed ortho-arylation of aromatic and heteroaromatic carboxamides with triethoxy(aryl)silanes assisted by a removable bidentate auxiliary is reported. This transformation features a broad substrate scope, good functional group tolerance, and compatibility with heterocyclic substrates. Compared to the well-established Ni(II)-catalyzed C-H arylation with ArX or aryliodonium salts via oxidative addition, this reaction proceeded via a fluoride-promoted transmetalation.
September 16, 2016: Organic Letters
Ting Feng, Qiaochu Li, Cheng Zhang, Guan Xu, L Jay Guo, Jie Yuan, Xueding Wang
Photoacoustic spectrum analysis (PASA) has been demonstrated as a new method for quantitative tissue imaging and characterization. The ability of PASA in evaluating micro-size tissue features was limited by the bandwidth of detectors for photoacoustic (PA) signal acquisition. We improve upon such a limit, and report on developments of PASA facilitated by an optical ultrasonic detector based on micro-ring resonator. The detector's broad and flat frequency response significantly improves the performance of PASA and extents its characterization capability from the tissue level to cellular level...
August 22, 2016: Optics Express
Feng Zhang, Ji'e Yang, Juying Qian, Lei Ge, Jun Zhou, Junbo Ge
BACKGROUND: The short- and mid-term outcomes of the second-generation cobalt-chromium sirolimus-eluting stent (CoCr-SES) in real-world patients had been reported previously, but the long-term performance remained unclear. The objective of this analysis was to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of the second-generation CoCr-SES from the FOCUS registry. METHODS: The FOCUS registry ( Identifier: NCT00868829) enrolled all-comers eligible to receive Firebird-2 CoCr-SES...
July 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
M Ablikim, M N Achasov, S Ahmed, X C Ai, O Albayrak, M Albrecht, D J Ambrose, A Amoroso, F F An, Q An, J Z Bai, R Baldini Ferroli, Y Ban, D W Bennett, J V Bennett, N Berger, M Bertani, D Bettoni, J M Bian, F Bianchi, E Boger, I Boyko, R A Briere, H Cai, X Cai, O Cakir, A Calcaterra, G F Cao, S A Cetin, J F Chang, G Chelkov, G Chen, H S Chen, H Y Chen, J C Chen, M L Chen, S Chen, S J Chen, X Chen, X R Chen, Y B Chen, H P Cheng, X K Chu, G Cibinetto, H L Dai, J P Dai, A Dbeyssi, D Dedovich, Z Y Deng, A Denig, I Denysenko, M Destefanis, F De Mori, Y Ding, C Dong, J Dong, L Y Dong, M Y Dong, Z L Dou, S X Du, P F Duan, J Z Fan, J Fang, S S Fang, X Fang, Y Fang, R Farinelli, L Fava, O Fedorov, F Feldbauer, G Felici, C Q Feng, E Fioravanti, M Fritsch, C D Fu, Q Gao, X L Gao, X Y Gao, Y Gao, Z Gao, I Garzia, K Goetzen, L Gong, W X Gong, W Gradl, M Greco, M H Gu, Y T Gu, Y H Guan, A Q Guo, L B Guo, R P Guo, Y Guo, Y P Guo, Z Haddadi, A Hafner, S Han, X Q Hao, F A Harris, K L He, F H Heinsius, T Held, Y K Heng, T Holtmann, Z L Hou, C Hu, H M Hu, J F Hu, T Hu, Y Hu, G S Huang, Y P Huang, J S Huang, X T Huang, X Z Huang, Y Huang, Z L Huang, T Hussain, Q Ji, Q P Ji, X B Ji, X L Ji, L W Jiang, X S Jiang, X Y Jiang, J B Jiao, Z Jiao, D P Jin, S Jin, T Johansson, A Julin, N Kalantar-Nayestanaki, X L Kang, X S Kang, M Kavatsyuk, B C Ke, P Kiese, R Kliemt, B Kloss, O B Kolcu, B Kopf, M Kornicer, A Kupsc, W Kühn, J S Lange, M Lara, P Larin, H Leithoff, C Leng, C Li, Cheng Li, D M Li, F Li, F Y Li, G Li, H B Li, H J Li, J C Li, Jin Li, K Li, K Li, Lei Li, P R Li, Q Y Li, T Li, W D Li, W G Li, X L Li, X N Li, X Q Li, Y B Li, Z B Li, H Liang, Y F Liang, Y T Liang, G R Liao, D X Lin, B Liu, B J Liu, C X Liu, D Liu, F H Liu, Fang Liu, Feng Liu, H B Liu, H H Liu, H H Liu, H M Liu, J Liu, J B Liu, J P Liu, J Y Liu, K Liu, K Y Liu, L D Liu, P L Liu, Q Liu, S B Liu, X Liu, Y B Liu, Y Y Liu, Z A Liu, Zhiqing Liu, H Loehner, X C Lou, H J Lu, J G Lu, Y Lu, Y P Lu, C L Luo, M X Luo, T Luo, X L Luo, X R Lyu, F C Ma, H L Ma, L L Ma, M M Ma, Q M Ma, T Ma, X N Ma, X Y Ma, Y M Ma, F E Maas, M Maggiora, Q A Malik, Y J Mao, Z P Mao, S Marcello, J G Messchendorp, G Mezzadri, J Min, T J Min, R E Mitchell, X H Mo, Y J Mo, C Morales Morales, N Yu Muchnoi, H Muramatsu, P Musiol, Y Nefedov, F Nerling, I B Nikolaev, Z Ning, S Nisar, S L Niu, X Y Niu, S L Olsen, Q Ouyang, S Pacetti, Y Pan, P Patteri, M Pelizaeus, H P Peng, K Peters, J Pettersson, J L Ping, R G Ping, R Poling, V Prasad, H R Qi, M Qi, S Qian, C F Qiao, L Q Qin, N Qin, X S Qin, Z H Qin, J F Qiu, K H Rashid, C F Redmer, M Ripka, G Rong, Ch Rosner, X D Ruan, A Sarantsev, M Savrié, C Schnier, K Schoenning, S Schumann, W Shan, M Shao, C P Shen, P X Shen, X Y Shen, H Y Sheng, M Shi, W M Song, X Y Song, S Sosio, S Spataro, G X Sun, J F Sun, S S Sun, X H Sun, Y J Sun, Y Z Sun, Z J Sun, Z T Sun, C J Tang, X Tang, I Tapan, E H Thorndike, M Tiemens, I Uman, G S Varner, B Wang, B L Wang, D Wang, D Y Wang, K Wang, L L Wang, L S Wang, M Wang, P Wang, P L Wang, S G Wang, W Wang, W P Wang, X F Wang, Y Wang, Y D Wang, Y F Wang, Y Q Wang, Z Wang, Z G Wang, Z H Wang, Z Y Wang, Z Y Wang, T Weber, D H Wei, J B Wei, P Weidenkaff, S P Wen, U Wiedner, M Wolke, L H Wu, L J Wu, Z Wu, L Xia, L G Xia, Y Xia, D Xiao, H Xiao, Z J Xiao, Y G Xie, Q L Xiu, G F Xu, J J Xu, L Xu, Q J Xu, Q N Xu, X P Xu, L Yan, W B Yan, W C Yan, Y H Yan, H J Yang, H X Yang, L Yang, Y X Yang, M Ye, M H Ye, J H Yin, B X Yu, C X Yu, J S Yu, C Z Yuan, W L Yuan, Y Yuan, A Yuncu, A A Zafar, A Zallo, Y Zeng, Z Zeng, B X Zhang, B Y Zhang, C Zhang, C C Zhang, D H Zhang, H H Zhang, H Y Zhang, J Zhang, J J Zhang, J L Zhang, J Q Zhang, J W Zhang, J Y Zhang, J Z Zhang, K Zhang, L Zhang, S Q Zhang, X Y Zhang, Y Zhang, Y H Zhang, Y N Zhang, Y T Zhang, Yu Zhang, Z H Zhang, Z P Zhang, Z Y Zhang, G Zhao, J W Zhao, J Y Zhao, J Z Zhao, Lei Zhao, Ling Zhao, M G Zhao, Q Zhao, Q W Zhao, S J Zhao, T C Zhao, Y B Zhao, Z G Zhao, A Zhemchugov, B Zheng, J P Zheng, W J Zheng, Y H Zheng, B Zhong, L Zhou, X Zhou, X K Zhou, X R Zhou, X Y Zhou, K Zhu, K J Zhu, S Zhu, S H Zhu, X L Zhu, Y C Zhu, Y S Zhu, Z A Zhu, J Zhuang, L Zotti, B S Zou, J H Zou
Using 1.09×10^{9} J/ψ events collected by the BESIII experiment in 2012, we study the J/ψ→γη^{'}π^{+}π^{-} process and observe a significant abrupt change in the slope of the η^{'}π^{+}π^{-} invariant mass distribution at the proton-antiproton (pp[over ¯]) mass threshold. We use two models to characterize the η^{'}π^{+}π^{-} line shape around 1.85  GeV/c^{2}: one that explicitly incorporates the opening of a decay threshold in the mass spectrum (Flatté formula), and another that is the coherent sum of two resonant amplitudes...
July 22, 2016: Physical Review Letters
Tao-Yan Lin, Chao-Ze Zhu, Peichao Zhang, Yidong Wang, Hai-Hong Wu, Jian-Jun Feng, Junliang Zhang
The first rhodium-catalyzed intermolecular [3+2] cycloaddition reaction of vinyl aziridines and allenes for the synthesis of enantioenriched functionalized pyrrolidines was realized. [3+2] cycloaddition with the proximal C=C bond of N-allenamides gave 3-methylene-pyrrolidines in high regio- and diastereoselectivity, whereas, 2-methylene-pyrrolidines were obtained as the major products by the cycloadditions of vinyl aziridines with the distal C=C bond of allenes. Use of readily available starting materials, a broad substrate scope, high selectivity, mild reaction conditions, as well as versatile functionalization of the cycloadducts make this approach very practical and attractive...
August 26, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Jeffrey C Kern, Deborah Dooney, Rena Zhang, Linda Liang, Philip E Brandish, Mangeng Cheng, Guo Feng, Andrew Beck, Damien Bresson, Juhi Firdos, Dennis Gately, Nick Knudsen, Anthony Manibusan, Ying Sun, Robert M Garbaccio
In an effort to examine the utility of antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) beyond oncology indications, a novel phosphate bridged Cathepsin B sensitive linker was developed to enable the targeted delivery of glucocorticoids. Phosphate bridging of the Cathepsin B sensitive linkers allows for payload attachment at an aliphatic alcohol. As small molecule drug-linkers, these aqueous soluble phosphate containing drug-linkers were found to have robust plasma stability coupled with rapid release of payload in a lysosomal environment...
September 21, 2016: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Brian H May, Mei Feng, Iris W Zhou, Su-Yueh Chang, Shao-Chen Lu, Anthony L Zhang, Xin-Feng Guo, Chuan-Jian Lu, Charlie C L Xue
OBJECTIVES: To identify and analyze records of the treatment of dementia and memory disorders in the classical Chinese medical literature that were consistent with the signs and symptoms of Alzheimer's disease (AD), with the aim of determining which traditional medicines have histories of use for these disorders. METHODS: Encyclopedia of Traditional Chinese Medicine (Zhong Hua Yi Dian), a database of more than 1000 classical and premodern Chinese medical books, was systematically searched...
September 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Xianhua Wang, Xing Zhang, Zhanglong Huang, Di Wu, Beibei Liu, Rufeng Zhang, Rongkang Yin, Tingting Hou, Chongshu Jian, Jiejia Xu, Yan Zhao, Yanru Wang, Feng Gao, Heping Cheng
Emerging evidence indicates that mitochondrial flashes (mitoflashes) are highly conserved elemental mitochondrial signaling events. However, which signal controls their ignition and how they are integrated with other mitochondrial signals and functions remain elusive. In this study, we aimed to further delineate the signal components of the mitoflash and determine the mitoflash trigger mechanism. Using multiple biosensors and chemical probes as well as label-free autofluorescence, we found that the mitoflash reflects chemical and electrical excitation at the single-organelle level, comprising bursting superoxide production, oxidative redox shift, and matrix alkalinization as well as transient membrane depolarization...
July 26, 2016: Biophysical Journal
Hai-Yang Zhao, Zhang Feng, Zhiji Luo, Xingang Zhang
Although important progress has been made in the fluoroalkylation reactions, the transition-metal-catalyzed carbonylative fluoroalkylation reaction remains challenging so far. Herein, we report the first example of a Pd-catalyzed carbonylation of difluoroalkyl bromides with (hetero)arylboronic acids under one atmosphere pressure of CO. The reaction can also be extended to the aryl potassium trifluoroborate salts. The advantages of this protocol are synthetic simplicity, broad substrate scope, and excellent functional group compatibility...
August 22, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Jing Li, Jing-Wen Li, Zhixing Feng, Juanjuan Wang, Haoran An, Yanni Liu, Yang Wang, Kailing Wang, Xuegong Zhang, Zhun Miao, Wenbo Liang, Robert Sebra, Guilin Wang, Wen-Ching Wang, Jing-Ren Zhang
DNA methylation is an important epigenetic mechanism for phenotypic diversification in all forms of life. We previously described remarkable cell-to-cell heterogeneity in epigenetic pattern within a clonal population of Streptococcus pneumoniae, a leading human pathogen. We here report that the epigenetic diversity is caused by extensive DNA inversions among hsdSA, hsdSB, and hsdSC, three methyltransferase hsdS genes in the Spn556II type-I restriction modification (R-M) locus. Because hsdSA encodes the sequence recognition subunit of this type-I R-M DNA methyltransferase, these site-specific recombinations generate pneumococcal cells with variable HsdSA alleles and thereby diverse genome methylation patterns...
July 2016: PLoS Pathogens
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