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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804606/a-multiple-antigen-detection-assay-for-tuberculosis-diagnosis-based-on-broadly-reactive-polyclonal-antibodies
#1
Zhenhua Dai, Zhiqiang Liu, Bingshui Xiu, Xiqin Yang, Ping Zhao, Xuhui Zhang, Cuimi Duan, Haiping Que, Heqiu Zhang, Xiaoyan Feng
OBJECTIVES: Detection of circulating Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) antigens is promising in Tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis. However, not a single antigen marker has been found to be widely expressed in all TB patients. This study is aimed to prepare broadly reactive polyclonal antibodies targeting multiple antigen markers (multi-target antibodies) and evaluate their efficacies in TB diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A fusion gene consisting of 38kD, ESAT6, and CFP10 was constructed and overexpressed...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802244/detoxification-of-diphenyl-ether-herbicide-lactofen-by-bacillus-sp-za-and-enantioselective-characteristics-of-an-esterase-gene-lace
#2
Jing Zhang, Luyao Lu, Feng Chen, Lingling Chen, Jingang Yin, Xing Huang
A bacterial strain Za capable of degrading diphenyl ether herbicide lactofen was isolated and identified as Bacillus sp. This strain could degrade 94.8% of 50mgL(-1) lactofen after 4days of inoculation in flasks. It was revealed that lactofen was initially hydrolyzed to desethyl lactofen, which was further transformed to acifluorfen, followed by the reduction of the nitro group to yield aminoacifluorfen. The phytotoxicity of the transformed product aminoacifluorfen to maize was decreased significantly compared with the lactofen...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801583/effect-of-x-ray-irradiation-on-hepatocarcinoma-cells-and-erythrocytes-in-salvaged-blood
#3
Feng-Jiang Zhang, Jin-Ting Yang, Li-Hui Tang, Wen-Na Wang, Kai Sun, Yue Ming, Kanhar Ghulam Muhammad, Yin-Fei Zheng, Min Yan
The broad clinical acceptance of intraoperative blood salvage and its applications in cancer surgery remain controversial. Until now, a method that can safely eliminate cancer cells while preserving erythrocytes does not exist. Here, we investigated whether X-ray generated from linear accelerator irradiation at a certain dose can kill hepatocarcinoma cells while preserving erythrocytes. HepG2, SK-Hep1 or Huh7 cells were mixed into the aliquots of erythrocytes obtained from healthy volunteers. After the mixed cells were exposed to 30 Gy and 50 Gy X-rays irradiation, the viability, clonogenicity, DNA synthesis and tumorigenicity of the tumor cells were determined by the MTT assay, plate colony formation, 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine incorporation, and subcutaneous xenograft implantation into immunocompromised mice...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755294/vdpks1-is-required-for-melanin-formation-and-virulence-in-a-cotton-wilt-pathogen-verticillium-dahliae
#4
Ting Zhang, Bosen Zhang, Chenlei Hua, Pei Meng, Sheng Wang, Zhirong Chen, Yejuan Du, Feng Gao, Jiafeng Huang
Verticillium dahliae is a soil-borne phytopathogenic fungus that causes vascular wilt disease in a broad range of hosts. This pathogen survives for many years in soil in the form of melanized microsclerotia. To investigate the melanin synthesis in V. dahliae, we identified a polyketide synthase gene in V. dahliae, namely VdPKS1. PKS1 is known to involve in the dihydroxynaphthalene melanin synthesis pathway in many fungi. We found that VdPKS1 was required for melanin formation but not for microsclerotial production in V...
July 26, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752765/gold-embedded-hollow-silica-nanogolf-balls-for-imaging-and-photothermal-therapy
#5
Woraphong Janetanakit, Liping Wang, Karla Santacruz-Gomez, Preston B Landon, Paul L Sud, Nirav Patel, Grace Jang, Malvika Jain, Alice Yepremyan, Sami A Kazmi, Deependra K Ban, Feng Zhang, Ratnesh Lal
Hybrid nanocarriers with multifunctional properties have wide therapeutic and diagnostic applications. We have constructed hollow silica nanogolf balls (HGBs) and gold-embedded hollow silica nanogolf balls (Au@SiO2 HGBs) using the layer-by-layer approach on a symmetric polystyrene (PS) Janus template; the template consists of smaller PS spheres attached to an oppositely charged large PS core. ζ Potential measurement supports the electric force-based template-assisted synthesis mechanism. Electron microscopy, UV-vis, and near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy show that HGBs or Au@SiO2 HGBs are composed of a porous silica shell with an optional dense layer of gold nanoparticles embedded in the silica shell...
August 8, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706472/relevant-feature-integration-and-extraction-for-single-trial-motor-imagery-classification
#6
Lili Li, Guanghua Xu, Feng Zhang, Jun Xie, Min Li
Brain computer interfaces provide a novel channel for the communication between brain and output devices. The effectiveness of the brain computer interface is based on the classification accuracy of single trial brain signals. The common spatial pattern (CSP) algorithm is believed to be an effective algorithm for the classification of single trial brain signals. As the amplitude feature for spatial projection applied by this algorithm is based on a broad frequency bandpass filter (mainly 5-30 Hz) in which the frequency band is often selected by experience, the CSP is sensitive to noise and the influence of other irrelevant information in the selected broad frequency band...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704723/highly-sensitive-determination-of-fatty-acid-esters-of-hydroxyl-fatty-acids-by-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#7
Quan-Fei Zhu, Jing-Wen Yan, Yang Gao, Jing-Wei Zhang, Bi-Feng Yuan, Yu-Qi Feng
Recently, a new class of endogenous lipids, branched fatty acid esters of hydroxy fatty acids (FAHFAs), was discovered with anti-diabetic and anti-inflammatory effects in mammals. FAHFAs attracted increasing attention because of their critical physiological function. However, accurate quantitation of FAHFAs is still a challenge due to their high structure similarity and low abundance in biological samples. Herein, we developed a highly sensitive method for the determination of 16 FAHFAs (PAHSAs, OAHSAs, SAHSAs and POHSAs) in biological samples by coupling strong anion exchange solid phase extraction (SAX-SPE) with chemical labeling assisted ultra-high performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (SAX-SPE-CL-UHPLC/MS)...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685770/existing-drugs-as-broad-spectrum-and-potent-inhibitors-for-zika-virus-by-targeting-ns2b-ns3-interaction
#8
Zhong Li, Matthew Brecher, Yong-Qiang Deng, Jing Zhang, Srilatha Sakamuru, Binbin Liu, Ruili Huang, Cheri A Koetzner, Christina A Allen, Susan A Jones, Haiying Chen, Na-Na Zhang, Min Tian, Fengshan Gao, Qishan Lin, Nilesh Banavali, Jia Zhou, Nathan Boles, Menghang Xia, Laura D Kramer, Cheng-Feng Qin, Hongmin Li
Recent outbreaks of Zika virus (ZIKV) highlight an urgent need for therapeutics. The protease complex NS2B-NS3 plays essential roles during flaviviral polyprotein processing, and thus represents an attractive drug target. Here, we developed a split luciferase complementation-based high-throughput screening assay to identify orthosteric inhibitors that directly target flavivirus NS2B-NS3 interactions. By screening a total of 2 816 approved and investigational drugs, we identified three potent candidates, temoporfin, niclosamide, and nitazoxanide, as flavivirus NS2B-NS3 interaction inhibitors with nanomolar potencies...
July 7, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652766/role-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-in-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#9
Xue Bai, Yun-Yun Li, Hong-Yan Zhang, Feng Wang, Hong-Liu He, Jin-Chao Yao, Ling Liu, Shan-Shan Li
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is thought to be a crucial event during the early metastasis of tumor cells. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 is involved in the process of EMT in a variety of human malignancies. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 plays an important role in tumor invasion and metastasis, and its expression is regulated by various growth factors, including TGF-β1, in different cell types. To date, the role of MMP-9 in TGF-β1-induced EMT in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains unclear...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638106/protective-efficacy-of-the-trivalent-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-vaccine-candidate-pcrv-opri-hcp1-in-murine-pneumonia-and-burn-models
#10
Feng Yang, Jiang Gu, Liuyang Yang, Chen Gao, Haiming Jing, Ying Wang, Hao Zeng, Quanming Zou, Fenglin Lv, Jinyong Zhang
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a formidable pathogen that is responsible for a diverse spectrum of human infectious diseases, resulting in considerable annual mortality rates. Because of biofilm formation and its ability of rapidly acquires of resistance to many antibiotics, P. aeruginosa related infections are difficult to treat, and therefore, developing an effective vaccine is the most promising method for combating infection. In the present study, we designed a novel trivalent vaccine, PcrV28-294-OprI25-83-Hcp11-162 (POH), and evaluated its protective efficacy in murine pneumonia and burn models...
June 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611747/microbial-community-and-functional-structure-significantly-varied-among-distinct-types-of-paddy-soils-but-responded-differently-along-gradients-of-soil-depth-layers
#11
Ren Bai, Jun-Tao Wang, Ye Deng, Ji-Zheng He, Kai Feng, Li-Mei Zhang
Paddy rice fields occupy broad agricultural area in China and cover diverse soil types. Microbial community in paddy soils is of great interest since many microorganisms are involved in soil functional processes. In the present study, Illumina Mi-Seq sequencing and functional gene array (GeoChip 4.2) techniques were combined to investigate soil microbial communities and functional gene patterns across the three soil types including an Inceptisol (Binhai), an Oxisol (Leizhou), and an Ultisol (Taoyuan) along four profile depths (up to 70 cm in depth) in mesocosm incubation columns...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608900/theoretical-and-experimental-studies-on-three-water-stable-isostructural-paddlewheel-based-semiconducting-metal-organic-frameworks
#12
Xiaowei Yang, Yuan Zhang, Feng Li, Tiantian Guo, Yong Wu, Fengyan Jin, Min Fang, Yaqian Lan, Yafei Li, Yong Zhou, Zhigang Zou
Three water-stable isostructural metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) of the general formula [M2(TCS)(BPY)] (M = Co(1), Ni(2) and Cu(3); H4TCS = tetrakis(4-carboxyphenyl) silane, BPY = 4,4'-bipyridine) were synthesized and fully characterized. MOFs 1-3 are stable in pH = 5-11, 2-11, 3-11 aqueous solution respectively for at least 24 h at room temperature. Although H4TCS absorbs only UV light, MOFs 1-3 absorb both UV and visible light in broad ranges (250-800 nm) and absorb more visible light than the ligand BPY...
June 27, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594176/radical-deaminative-ipso-cyclization-of-4-methoxyanilines-with-1-7-enynes-for-accessing-spirocyclohexadienone-containing-cyclopenta-c-quinolin-4-ones
#13
Jie Li, Wen-Wen Zhang, Xiao-Jing Wei, Feng Liu, Wen-Juan Hao, Shu-Liang Wang, Guigen Li, Shu-Jiang Tu, Bo Jiang
A new C-center radical-triggered bicyclization cascade of N-tethered 1,7-enynes for forming 28 examples of biologically interesting spirocyclohexadienone-containing cyclopenta[c]quinolin-4-ones with two all-carbon quaternary stereocenters has been established under mild conditions. The in situ generated diazonium salts from 4-methoxyanilines and t-BuONO are served as 4-methoxyphenyl precursors without additional oxidant, enabling 6-exo-dig cyclization/5-exo-trig ipso-cyclization to construct three new C-C bonds through metal-free dearomatization...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591144/err%C3%AE-negatively-regulates-type-i-interferon-induction-by-inhibiting-tbk1-irf3-interaction
#14
Xiang He, Shengli Ma, Yinyin Tian, Congwen Wei, Yongjie Zhu, Feng Li, Pingping Zhang, Penghao Wang, Yanhong Zhang, Hui Zhong
Estrogen-related receptor α (ERRα) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily controlling energy homeostasis; however, its precise role in regulating antiviral innate immunity remains to be clarified. Here, we showed that ERRα deficiency conferred resistance to viral infection both in vivo and in vitro. Mechanistically, ERRα inhibited the production of type-I interferon (IFN-I) and the expression of multiple interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs). Furthermore, we found that viral infection induced TBK1-dependent ERRα stabilization, which in turn associated with TBK1 and IRF3 to impede the formation of TBK1-IRF3, IRF3 phosphorylation, IRF3 dimerization, and the DNA binding affinity of IRF3...
June 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579921/a-search-for-new-phenomena-in-pp-collisions-at-formula-see-text-in-final-states-with-missing-transverse-momentum-and-at-least-one-jet-using-the-formula-see-text-variable
#15
V Khachatryan, A M Sirunyan, A Tumasyan, W Adam, E Asilar, T Bergauer, J Brandstetter, E Brondolin, M Dragicevic, J Erö, M Flechl, M Friedl, R Frühwirth, V M Ghete, C Hartl, N Hörmann, J Hrubec, M Jeitler, A König, I Krätschmer, D Liko, T Matsushita, I Mikulec, D Rabady, N Rad, B Rahbaran, H Rohringer, J Schieck, J Strauss, W Waltenberger, C-E Wulz, O Dvornikov, V Makarenko, V Zykunov, V Mossolov, N Shumeiko, J Suarez Gonzalez, S Alderweireldt, E A De Wolf, X Janssen, J Lauwers, M Van De Klundert, H Van Haevermaet, P Van Mechelen, N Van Remortel, A Van Spilbeeck, S Abu Zeid, F Blekman, J D'Hondt, N Daci, I De Bruyn, K Deroover, S Lowette, S Moortgat, L Moreels, A Olbrechts, Q Python, S Tavernier, W Van Doninck, P Van Mulders, I Van Parijs, H Brun, B Clerbaux, G De Lentdecker, H Delannoy, G Fasanella, L Favart, R Goldouzian, A Grebenyuk, G Karapostoli, T Lenzi, A Léonard, J Luetic, T Maerschalk, A Marinov, A Randle-Conde, T Seva, C Vander Velde, P Vanlaer, D Vannerom, R Yonamine, F Zenoni, F Zhang, A Cimmino, T Cornelis, D Dobur, A Fagot, G Garcia, M Gul, I Khvastunov, D Poyraz, S Salva, R Schöfbeck, A Sharma, M Tytgat, W Van Driessche, E Yazgan, N Zaganidis, H Bakhshiansohi, C Beluffi, O Bondu, S Brochet, G Bruno, A Caudron, S De Visscher, C Delaere, M Delcourt, B Francois, A Giammanco, A Jafari, P Jez, M Komm, G Krintiras, V Lemaitre, A Magitteri, A Mertens, M Musich, C Nuttens, K Piotrzkowski, L Quertenmont, M Selvaggi, M Vidal Marono, S Wertz, N Beliy, W L Aldá Júnior, F L Alves, G A Alves, L Brito, C Hensel, A Moraes, M E Pol, P Rebello Teles, E Belchior Batista Das Chagas, W Carvalho, J Chinellato, A Custódio, E M Da Costa, G G Da Silveira, D De Jesus Damiao, C De Oliveira Martins, S Fonseca De Souza, L M Huertas Guativa, H Malbouisson, D Matos Figueiredo, C Mora Herrera, L Mundim, H Nogima, W L Prado Da Silva, A Santoro, A Sznajder, E J Tonelli Manganote, A Vilela Pereira, S Ahuja, C A Bernardes, S Dogra, T R Fernandez Perez Tomei, E M Gregores, P G Mercadante, C S Moon, S F Novaes, Sandra S Padula, D Romero Abad, J C Ruiz Vargas, A Aleksandrov, R Hadjiiska, P Iaydjiev, M Rodozov, S Stoykova, G Sultanov, M Vutova, A Dimitrov, I Glushkov, L Litov, B Pavlov, P Petkov, W Fang, M Ahmad, J G Bian, G M Chen, H S Chen, M Chen, Y Chen, T Cheng, C H Jiang, D Leggat, Z Liu, F Romeo, S M Shaheen, A Spiezia, J Tao, C Wang, Z Wang, H Zhang, J Zhao, Y Ban, G Chen, Q Li, S Liu, Y Mao, S J Qian, D Wang, Z Xu, C Avila, A Cabrera, L F Chaparro Sierra, C Florez, J P Gomez, C F González Hernández, J D Ruiz Alvarez, J C Sanabria, N Godinovic, D Lelas, I Puljak, P M Ribeiro Cipriano, T Sculac, Z Antunovic, M Kovac, V Brigljevic, D Ferencek, K Kadija, S Micanovic, L Sudic, T Susa, A Attikis, G Mavromanolakis, J Mousa, C Nicolaou, F Ptochos, P A Razis, H Rykaczewski, D Tsiakkouri, M Finger, M Finger, E Carrera Jarrin, E El-Khateeb, S Elgammal, A Mohamed, B Calpas, M Kadastik, M Murumaa, L Perrini, M Raidal, A Tiko, C Veelken, P Eerola, J Pekkanen, M Voutilainen, J Härkönen, T Järvinen, V Karimäki, R Kinnunen, T Lampén, K Lassila-Perini, S Lehti, T Lindén, P Luukka, J Tuominiemi, E Tuovinen, L Wendland, J Talvitie, T Tuuva, M Besancon, F Couderc, M Dejardin, D Denegri, B Fabbro, J L Faure, C Favaro, F Ferri, S Ganjour, S Ghosh, A Givernaud, P Gras, G Hamel de Monchenault, P Jarry, I Kucher, E Locci, M Machet, J Malcles, J Rander, A Rosowsky, M Titov, A Zghiche, A Abdulsalam, I Antropov, S Baffioni, F Beaudette, P Busson, L Cadamuro, E Chapon, C Charlot, O Davignon, R Granier de Cassagnac, M Jo, S Lisniak, P Miné, M Nguyen, C Ochando, G Ortona, P Paganini, P Pigard, S Regnard, R Salerno, Y Sirois, T Strebler, Y Yilmaz, A Zabi, J-L Agram, J Andrea, A Aubin, D Bloch, J-M Brom, M Buttignol, E C Chabert, N Chanon, C Collard, E Conte, X Coubez, J-C Fontaine, D Gelé, U Goerlach, A-C Le Bihan, K Skovpen, P Van Hove, S Gadrat, S Beauceron, C Bernet, G Boudoul, E Bouvier, C A Carrillo Montoya, R Chierici, D Contardo, B Courbon, P Depasse, H El Mamouni, J Fan, J Fay, S Gascon, M Gouzevitch, G Grenier, B Ille, F Lagarde, I B Laktineh, M Lethuillier, L Mirabito, A L Pequegnot, S Perries, A Popov, D Sabes, V Sordini, M Vander Donckt, P Verdier, S Viret, T Toriashvili, Z Tsamalaidze, C Autermann, S Beranek, L Feld, A Heister, M K Kiesel, K Klein, M Lipinski, A Ostapchuk, M Preuten, F Raupach, S Schael, C Schomakers, J Schulz, T Verlage, H Weber, V Zhukov, A Albert, M Brodski, E Dietz-Laursonn, D Duchardt, M Endres, M Erdmann, S Erdweg, T Esch, R Fischer, A Güth, M Hamer, T Hebbeker, C Heidemann, K Hoepfner, S Knutzen, M Merschmeyer, A Meyer, P Millet, S Mukherjee, M Olschewski, K Padeken, T Pook, M Radziej, H Reithler, M Rieger, F Scheuch, L Sonnenschein, D Teyssier, S Thüer, V Cherepanov, G Flügge, F Hoehle, B Kargoll, T Kress, A Künsken, J Lingemann, T Müller, A Nehrkorn, A Nowack, I M Nugent, C Pistone, O Pooth, A Stahl, M Aldaya Martin, T Arndt, C Asawatangtrakuldee, K Beernaert, O Behnke, U Behrens, A A Bin Anuar, K Borras, A Campbell, P Connor, C Contreras-Campana, F Costanza, C Diez Pardos, G Dolinska, G Eckerlin, D Eckstein, T Eichhorn, E Eren, E Gallo, J Garay Garcia, A Geiser, A Gizhko, J M Grados Luyando, P Gunnellini, A Harb, J Hauk, M Hempel, H Jung, A Kalogeropoulos, O Karacheban, M Kasemann, J Keaveney, C Kleinwort, I Korol, D Krücker, W Lange, A Lelek, J Leonard, K Lipka, A Lobanov, W Lohmann, R Mankel, I-A Melzer-Pellmann, A B Meyer, G Mittag, J Mnich, A Mussgiller, E Ntomari, D Pitzl, R Placakyte, A Raspereza, B Roland, M Ö Sahin, P Saxena, T Schoerner-Sadenius, C Seitz, S Spannagel, N Stefaniuk, G P Van Onsem, R Walsh, C Wissing, V Blobel, M Centis Vignali, A R Draeger, T Dreyer, E Garutti, D Gonzalez, J Haller, M Hoffmann, A Junkes, R Klanner, R Kogler, N Kovalchuk, T Lapsien, T Lenz, I Marchesini, D Marconi, M Meyer, M Niedziela, D Nowatschin, F Pantaleo, T Peiffer, A Perieanu, J Poehlsen, C Sander, C Scharf, P Schleper, A Schmidt, S Schumann, J Schwandt, H Stadie, G Steinbrück, F M Stober, M Stöver, H Tholen, D Troendle, E Usai, L Vanelderen, A Vanhoefer, B Vormwald, M Akbiyik, C Barth, S Baur, C Baus, J Berger, E Butz, R Caspart, T Chwalek, F Colombo, W De Boer, A Dierlamm, S Fink, B Freund, R Friese, M Giffels, A Gilbert, P Goldenzweig, D Haitz, F Hartmann, S M Heindl, U Husemann, I Katkov, S Kudella, P Lobelle Pardo, H Mildner, M U Mozer, Th Müller, M Plagge, G Quast, K Rabbertz, S Röcker, F Roscher, M Schröder, I Shvetsov, G Sieber, H J Simonis, R Ulrich, J Wagner-Kuhr, S Wayand, M Weber, T Weiler, S Williamson, C Wöhrmann, R Wolf, G Anagnostou, G Daskalakis, T Geralis, V A Giakoumopoulou, A Kyriakis, D Loukas, I Topsis-Giotis, S Kesisoglou, A Panagiotou, N Saoulidou, E Tziaferi, I Evangelou, G Flouris, C Foudas, P Kokkas, N Loukas, N Manthos, I Papadopoulos, E Paradas, N Filipovic, G Bencze, C Hajdu, P Hidas, D Horvath, F Sikler, V Veszpremi, G Vesztergombi, A J Zsigmond, N Beni, S Czellar, J Karancsi, A Makovec, J Molnar, Z Szillasi, M Bartók, P Raics, Z L Trocsanyi, B Ujvari, S Bahinipati, S Choudhury, P Mal, K Mandal, A Nayak, D K Sahoo, N Sahoo, S K Swain, S Bansal, S B Beri, V Bhatnagar, R Chawla, U Bhawandeep, A K Kalsi, A Kaur, M Kaur, R Kumar, P Kumari, A Mehta, M Mittal, J B Singh, G Walia, Ashok Kumar, A Bhardwaj, B C Choudhary, R B Garg, S Keshri, S Malhotra, M Naimuddin, N Nishu, K Ranjan, R Sharma, V Sharma, R Bhattacharya, S Bhattacharya, K Chatterjee, S Dey, S Dutt, S Dutta, S Ghosh, N Majumdar, A Modak, K Mondal, S Mukhopadhyay, S Nandan, A Purohit, A Roy, D Roy, S Roy Chowdhury, S Sarkar, M Sharan, S Thakur, P K Behera, R Chudasama, D Dutta, V Jha, V Kumar, A K Mohanty, P K Netrakanti, L M Pant, P Shukla, A Topkar, T Aziz, S Dugad, G Kole, B Mahakud, S Mitra, G B Mohanty, B Parida, N Sur, B Sutar, S Banerjee, S Bhowmik, R K Dewanjee, S Ganguly, M Guchait, Sa Jain, S Kumar, M Maity, G Majumder, K Mazumdar, T Sarkar, N Wickramage, S Chauhan, S Dube, V Hegde, A Kapoor, K Kothekar, S Pandey, A Rane, S Sharma, H Behnamian, S Chenarani, E Eskandari Tadavani, S M Etesami, A Fahim, M Khakzad, M Mohammadi Najafabadi, M Naseri, S Paktinat Mehdiabadi, F Rezaei Hosseinabadi, B Safarzadeh, M Zeinali, M Felcini, M Grunewald, M Abbrescia, C Calabria, C Caputo, A Colaleo, D Creanza, L Cristella, N De Filippis, M De Palma, L Fiore, G Iaselli, G Maggi, M Maggi, G Miniello, S My, S Nuzzo, A Pompili, G Pugliese, R Radogna, A Ranieri, G Selvaggi, L Silvestris, R Venditti, P Verwilligen, G Abbiendi, C Battilana, D Bonacorsi, S Braibant-Giacomelli, L Brigliadori, R Campanini, P Capiluppi, A Castro, F R Cavallo, S S Chhibra, G Codispoti, M Cuffiani, G M Dallavalle, F Fabbri, A Fanfani, D Fasanella, P Giacomelli, C Grandi, L Guiducci, S Marcellini, G Masetti, A Montanari, F L Navarria, A Perrotta, A M Rossi, T Rovelli, G P Siroli, N Tosi, S Albergo, M Chiorboli, S Costa, A Di Mattia, F Giordano, R Potenza, A Tricomi, C Tuve, G Barbagli, V Ciulli, C Civinini, R D'Alessandro, E Focardi, V Gori, P Lenzi, M Meschini, S Paoletti, G Sguazzoni, L Viliani, L Benussi, S Bianco, F Fabbri, D Piccolo, F Primavera, V Calvelli, F Ferro, M Lo Vetere, M R Monge, E Robutti, S Tosi, L Brianza, M E Dinardo, S Fiorendi, S Gennai, A Ghezzi, P Govoni, M Malberti, S Malvezzi, R A Manzoni, D Menasce, L Moroni, M Paganoni, D Pedrini, S Pigazzini, S Ragazzi, T Tabarelli de Fatis, S Buontempo, N Cavallo, G De Nardo, S Di Guida, M Esposito, F Fabozzi, F Fienga, A O M Iorio, G Lanza, L Lista, S Meola, P Paolucci, C Sciacca, F Thyssen, P Azzi, N Bacchetta, L Benato, D Bisello, A Boletti, R Carlin, A Carvalho Antunes De Oliveira, P Checchia, M Dall'Osso, P De Castro Manzano, T Dorigo, U Dosselli, F Gasparini, U Gasparini, A Gozzelino, S Lacaprara, M Margoni, A T Meneguzzo, J Pazzini, N Pozzobon, P Ronchese, F Simonetto, E Torassa, M Zanetti, P Zotto, G Zumerle, A Braghieri, A Magnani, P Montagna, S P Ratti, V Re, C Riccardi, P Salvini, I Vai, P Vitulo, L Alunni Solestizi, G M Bilei, D Ciangottini, L Fanò, P Lariccia, R Leonardi, G 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Maksimovic, C Martin, M Osherson, J Roskes, U Sarica, M Swartz, M Xiao, Y Xin, C You, A Al-Bataineh, P Baringer, A Bean, S Boren, J Bowen, C Bruner, J Castle, L Forthomme, R P Kenny, S Khalil, A Kropivnitskaya, D Majumder, W Mcbrayer, M Murray, S Sanders, R Stringer, J D Tapia Takaki, Q Wang, A Ivanov, K Kaadze, Y Maravin, A Mohammadi, L K Saini, N Skhirtladze, S Toda, F Rebassoo, D Wright, C Anelli, A Baden, O Baron, A Belloni, B Calvert, S C Eno, C Ferraioli, J A Gomez, N J Hadley, S Jabeen, R G Kellogg, T Kolberg, J Kunkle, Y Lu, A C Mignerey, F Ricci-Tam, Y H Shin, A Skuja, M B Tonjes, S C Tonwar, D Abercrombie, B Allen, A Apyan, R Barbieri, A Baty, R Bi, K Bierwagen, S Brandt, W Busza, I A Cali, Z Demiragli, L Di Matteo, G Gomez Ceballos, M Goncharov, D Hsu, Y Iiyama, G M Innocenti, M Klute, D Kovalskyi, K Krajczar, Y S Lai, Y-J Lee, A Levin, P D Luckey, B Maier, A C Marini, C Mcginn, C Mironov, S Narayanan, X Niu, C Paus, C Roland, G Roland, J Salfeld-Nebgen, G S F Stephans, K 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Espinosa, E Halkiadakis, M Heindl, D Hidas, E Hughes, S Kaplan, R Kunnawalkam Elayavalli, S Kyriacou, A Lath, K Nash, H Saka, S Salur, S Schnetzer, D Sheffield, S Somalwar, R Stone, S Thomas, P Thomassen, M Walker, A G Delannoy, M Foerster, J Heideman, G Riley, K Rose, S Spanier, K Thapa, O Bouhali, A Celik, M Dalchenko, M De Mattia, A Delgado, S Dildick, R Eusebi, J Gilmore, T Huang, E Juska, T Kamon, R Mueller, Y Pakhotin, R Patel, A Perloff, L Perniè, D Rathjens, A Rose, A Safonov, A Tatarinov, K A Ulmer, N Akchurin, C Cowden, J Damgov, F De Guio, C Dragoiu, P R Dudero, J Faulkner, E Gurpinar, S Kunori, K Lamichhane, S W Lee, T Libeiro, T Peltola, S Undleeb, I Volobouev, Z Wang, S Greene, A Gurrola, R Janjam, W Johns, C Maguire, A Melo, H Ni, P Sheldon, S Tuo, J Velkovska, Q Xu, M W Arenton, P Barria, B Cox, J Goodell, R Hirosky, A Ledovskoy, H Li, C Neu, T Sinthuprasith, X Sun, Y Wang, E Wolfe, F Xia, C Clarke, R Harr, P E Karchin, J Sturdy, D A Belknap, C Caillol, S Dasu, L Dodd, S Duric, B Gomber, M Grothe, M Herndon, A Hervé, P Klabbers, A Lanaro, A Levine, K Long, R Loveless, I Ojalvo, T Perry, G A Pierro, G Polese, T Ruggles, A Savin, N Smith, W H Smith, D Taylor, N Woods
A search for new phenomena is performed in final states containing one or more jets and an imbalance in transverse momentum in pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 13[Formula: see text]. The analysed data sample, recorded with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC, corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 2.3[Formula: see text]. Several kinematic variables are employed to suppress the dominant background, multijet production, as well as to discriminate between other standard model and new physics processes...
2017: European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571698/a-novel-antimicrobial-peptide-against-dental-caries-associated-bacteria
#16
Long Chen, Lili Jia, Qiang Zhang, Xirui Zhou, Zhuqing Liu, Bingjie Li, Zhentai Zhu, Fenwei Wang, Changyuan Yu, Qian Zhang, Feng Chen, Shi-Zhong Luo
Dental caries, a highly prevalent oral disease, is primarily caused by pathogenic bacteria infection, and most of them are anaerobic. Herein, we investigated the activity of a designed antimicrobial peptide ZXR-2, and found it showed broad-spectrum activity against a variety of Gram-positive and Gram-negative oral bacteria, particularly the caries-related taxa Streptococcus mutans. Time-course killing assays indicated that ZXR-2 killed most bacterial cells within 5 min at 4 × MIC. The mechanism of ZXR-2 involved disruption of cell membranes, as observed by scanning electron microscopy...
May 29, 2017: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550166/lysine-acetylome-analysis-reveals-photosystem-ii-manganese-stabilizing-protein-acetylation-is-involved-in-negative-regulation-of-oxygen-evolution-in-model-cyanobacterium-synechococcus-sp-pcc-7002
#17
Zhuo Chen, Guiying Zhang, Mingkun Yang, Tao Li, Feng Ge, Jindong Zhao
N(ε)-Acetylation of lysine residues represents a frequently occurring post-translational modification widespread in bacteria that plays vital roles in regulating bacterial physiology and metabolism. However, the role of lysine acetylation in cyanobacteria remains unclear, presenting a hurdle to in-depth functional study of this post-translational modification. Here, we report the lysine acetylome of Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 (hereafter Synechococcus) using peptide prefractionation, immunoaffinity enrichment, and coupling with high-precision liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis...
July 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536572/the-bacteriophage-ef-p29-efficiently-protects-against-lethal-vancomycin-resistant-enterococcus-faecalis-and-alleviates-gut-microbiota-imbalance-in-a-murine-bacteremia-model
#18
Mengjun Cheng, Jiaming Liang, Yufeng Zhang, Liyuan Hu, Pengjuan Gong, Ruopeng Cai, Lei Zhang, Hao Zhang, Jinli Ge, Yalu Ji, Zhimin Guo, Xin Feng, Changjiang Sun, Yongjun Yang, Liancheng Lei, Wenyu Han, Jingmin Gu
Enterococcus faecalis is becoming an increasingly important opportunistic pathogen worldwide, especially because it can cause life-threatening nosocomial infections. Treating E. faecalis infections has become increasingly difficult because of the prevalence of multidrug-resistant E. faecalis strains. Because bacteriophages show specificity for their bacterial hosts, there has been a growth in interest in using phage therapies to combat the rising incidence of multidrug-resistant bacterial infections. In this study, we isolated a new lytic phage, EF-P29, which showed high efficiency and a broad host range against E...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535041/remarkably-stereospecific-utilization-of-atp-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-halomethylene-analogues-by-protein-kinases
#19
Feng Ni, Alvin Kung, Yankun Duan, Vivek Shah, Carolina D Amador, Ming Guo, Xuegong Fan, Lin Chen, Yongheng Chen, Charles E McKenna, Chao Zhang
ATP analogues containing a CXY group in place of the α,β-bridging oxygen atom are powerful chemical probes for studying ATP-dependent enzymes. A limitation of such probes has been that conventional synthetic methods generate a mixture of diastereomers when the bridging carbon substitution is nonequivalent (X ≠ Y). We report here a novel method based on derivatization of a bisphosphonate precursor with a d-phenylglycine chiral auxiliary that enables preparation of the individual diastereomers of α,β-CHF-ATP and α,β-CHCl-ATP, which differ only in the configuration at the CHX carbon...
June 14, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534846/doses-of-immunogen-contribute-to-specificity-spectrums-of-antibodies-against-aflatoxin
#20
Peiwu Li, Jing Wu, Li Zhang, Zhiyong Fan, Tingting Yu, Feng Jiang, Xiaoqian Tang, Zhaowei Zhang, Wen Zhang, Qi Zhang
Research about antibody specificity spectra was conducted to develop single-specific antibodies or broad-specific antibodies. Aflatoxins, as one class of high-toxicity mycotoxins, were selected as the research targets to investigate the effect of the immunogen dose on antibody specificity spectra. For this aim, 16 monoclonal antibodies were induced by low or high doses of aflatoxin B₁-BSA, and 34 monoclonal antibodies were induced by low or high doses of aflatoxin M₁-BSA. The specificities of the antibodies induced, whether by aflatoxin B₁ conjugate or aflatoxin M₁ conjugate, indicated that the low dose of the immunogen induced a narrow spectrum of antibody specificity, while the high dose of the immunogen showed an advantage to form a broad spectrum of antibody specificity...
May 19, 2017: Toxins
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