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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775691/pain-in-maintenance-hemodialysis-patients-a-multicenter-study
#1
Tatiana Talya Fleishman, Jacob Dreiher, Pesach Shvartman
CONTEXT: Pain is a common complaint in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients, yet is often inadequately assessed and undertreated. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence, characteristics, intensity, and impact of pain in MHD patients. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study conducted between 2013 and 2015, 336 MHD patients from five hemodialysis units in hospitals owned by Clalit were interviewed and evaluated. Study tools included the Brief Pain Inventory, The Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs pain scale, demographic and clinical characteristics...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774806/associations-between-childhood-learning-disabilities-and-adult-age-mental-health-problems-lack-of-education-and-unemployment
#2
Tuija Aro, Kenneth Eklund, Anna-Kaija Eloranta, Vesa Närhi, Elisa Korhonen, Timo Ahonen
We studied the impact of diverse subtypes of learning disabilities (LD) on adult-age mental health, education, and employment by comparing the LD group ( n = 430) with a matched control group without a known history of LD ( n = 2,149). The clinical archived data were merged with lifelong register data on sickness allowances/disability pensions granted on the basis of psychiatric illnesses, reimbursements for psychoactive medication, having a degree after compulsory education, and having received unemployment allowances...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771678/a-deviance-approach-to-understanding-use-of-maternal-health-care-services-in-bangladesh
#3
Tamar Goldenberg, Rob Stephenson
CONTEXT: Use of maternal health care can reduce maternal morbidity and mortality in countries like Bangladesh, where rates of these outcomes are high. Community characteristics are associated with use of maternal care services, but it is unclear whether deviation from community norms is associated with service use. METHODS: Data from the 2014 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey on 4,106 ever-married women aged 15-49 were used to examine relationships between women's deviation from their communities on socioeconomic, fertility and other characteristics and use of maternal health care (antenatal care, delivery care, postpartum care and a composite measure)...
December 1, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770460/association-of-sleep-duration-with-sleep-disturbances-quality-of-life-and-sociodemographic-factors-in-general-hospital-outpatients
#4
Wei Zheng, Xin-Ni Luo, Hai-Yan Li, Xiao-Yin Ke, Qing Dai, Chan-Juan Zhang, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Yu-Tao Xiang, Yu-Ping Ning
PURPOSE: To examine sleep duration and its demographic and clinical correlates in patients attending outpatient clinics attached to general hospitals. DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 4,399 outpatients participated in the study. Sleep duration (short sleep, <7 h/day; long sleep, >8 h/day; and medium sleep, 7-8 h/day) was assessed. FINDINGS: The proportions of short and long sleep duration were 39.5% and 10.3%, respectively. Significant associations between short sleep and any type of sleep disturbances, age, education level, depressive symptoms, and rural residence were found...
May 16, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769496/substance-use-among-the-patients-with-first-episode-psychosis
#5
M S Ahsan, M S Mullick, K Begum, S M Arafat, M A Shah, B R Podder, J Roy
Substance Use Disorder is a frequent problem in Bangladesh and many of these patients develop psychosis. Substance use can cause psychosis and it can modify the course of psychosis. This cross-sectional study was done to see the proportion of substance use in patients with First-Episode Psychosis (FEP) in two tertiary care hospitals in Dhaka, Bangladesh mentioned here as Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University and Dhaka Medical College Hospital; from November 2007 March 2009. Fifty consecutive FEP patients were taken as subjects and 50 healthy attendants were recruited as control...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769135/health-inequalities-between-employed-and-unemployed-in-northern-sweden-a-decomposition-analysis-of-social-determinants-for-mental-health
#6
Anna Brydsten, Anne Hammarström, Miguel San Sebastian
BACKGROUND: Even though population health is strongly influenced by employment and working conditions, public health research has to a lesser extent explored the social determinants of health inequalities between people in different positions on the labour market, and whether these social determinants vary across the life course. This study analyses mental health inequalities between unemployed and employed in three age groups (youth, adulthood and mid-life), and identifies the extent to which social determinants explain the mental health gap between employed and unemployed in northern Sweden...
May 16, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768992/the-effect-of-sex-and-perpetrator-victim-relationship-on-perceptions-of-domestic-homicide
#7
Linda C Karlsson, Tuulia Malén, Johanna K Kaakinen, Jan Antfolk
Previous research on how stereotypes affect perceptions of intimate partner violence and domestic homicide has found that violence committed by men is perceived as more severe and judged more harshly than violence committed by women. The present mock jury study investigated how perpetrator sex (male or female), crime type (familicide or filicide), and relatedness between perpetrator and child victims (biological or step) affect laypeople's perceptions of the appropriate consequence of the crime, the reason for the offense, responsibility of the perpetrator, the likelihood of certain background factors being present, and the risk of future violence...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768407/the-health-e-babies-app-for-antenatal-education-feasibility-for-socially-disadvantaged-women
#8
Julia A Dalton, Dianne Rodger, Michael Wilmore, Sal Humphreys, Andrew Skuse, Claire T Roberts, Vicki L Clifton
BACKGROUND: The use of mobile technology such as phone applications (apps) has been proposed as an efficient means of providing health and clinical information in a variety of healthcare settings. We developed the Health-e Babies app as an Android smart phone application for pregnant women attending a tertiary hospital in a low socio-economic community, with the objective of providing health information about early pregnancy that would increase maternal confidence and reduce anxiety. Based on our earlier research, this form of health communication was viewed as a preferred source of information for women of reproductive age...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764602/psychiatric-disorders-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-iran-prevalence-severity-service-utilization-and-unmet-mental-health-needs
#9
Behrang Shadloo, Masoumeh Amin-Esmaeili, Abbas Motevalian, Minoo Mohraz, Abbas Sedaghat, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar
BACKGROUND: HIV and psychiatric disorders are closely correlated and are accompanied by some similar risk factors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess psychiatric comorbidity and health service utilization for mental problems among people living with HIV/AIDS in Iran. METHODS: A total of 250 cases were randomly selected from a large referral center for HIV treatment and care in Tehran, Iran. Psychiatric disorders in the past 12 months including mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders were assessed through face-to-face interview, using a validated Persian translation of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI v2...
July 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764102/assessment-of-the-effects-of-economic-sanctions-on-iranians-right-to-health-by-using-human-rights-impact-assessment-tool-a-systematic-review
#10
Fatemeh Kokabisaghi
BACKGROUND: Over the years, economic sanctions have contributed to violation of right to health in target countries. Iran has been under comprehensive unilateral economic sanctions by groups of countries (not United Nations [UN]) in recent years. They have been intensified from 2012 because of international community's uncertainty about peaceful purpose of Iran's nuclear program and inadequacy of trust-building actions of this country. This review aimed to identify the humanitarian effects of the sanctions on the right of Iranians to health and the obligations of Iran and international community about it...
January 20, 2018: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762655/longitudinal-physical-activity-patterns-among-older-adults-a-latent-transition-analysis
#11
Stephen J Mooney, Spruha Joshi, Magdalena Cerdá, Gary J Kennedy, John R Beard, Andrew G Rundle
Most epidemiologic studies of physical activity measure either total energy expenditure or engagement in a single activity type, such as walking. These approaches may gloss over important nuances in activity patterns. We performed a latent transition analysis to identify patterns of activity types as well as neighborhood and individual determinants of changes in those activity patterns over two years in a cohort of 2,023 older adult residents of New York City, NY, surveyed between 2011 and 2013. We identified seven latent classes: 1) Mostly Inactive, 2) Walking, 3) Exercise, 4) Household Activities and Walking, 5) Household Activities and Exercise, 6) Gardening and Household Activities, and 7) Gardening, Household Activities, and Exercise...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761131/depression-and-anxiety-among-patients-on-chronic-opioid-therapy
#12
Muhamad Y Elrashidi, Lindsey M Philpot, Priya Ramar, William B Leasure, Jon O Ebbert
Background: Chronic noncancer pain (CNCP) and chronic opioid therapy (COT) commonly coexist with comorbid depression and anxiety. We investigated the prevalence of depression and anxiety and their correlates at the time of controlled substance agreement (CSA) enrollment among patients with CNCP and a history of depression or anxiety on COT. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 1066 patients in a Midwest primary care practice enrolled in CSAs for COT between May 9, 2013, and August 15, 2016...
January 2018: Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757686/predictors-of-unemployment-after-breast-cancer-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#13
Li Wang, Brian Y Hong, Sean A Kennedy, Yaping Chang, Chris J Hong, Samantha Craigie, Henry Y Kwon, Beatriz Romerosa, Rachel J Couban, Susan Reid, James S Khan, Michael McGillion, Victoria Blinder, Jason W Busse
Purpose Breast cancer surgery is associated with unemployment. Identifying high-risk patients could help inform strategies to promote return to work. We systematically reviewed observational studies to explore factors associated with unemployment after breast cancer surgery. Methods We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO to identify studies that explored risk factors for unemployment after breast cancer surgery. When possible, we pooled estimates of association for all independent variables reported by more than one study...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754166/employment-and-other-income-sources-among-homeless-youth
#14
Natasha Slesnick, Jing Zhang, Tansel Yilmazer
Homeless youth report high rates of unemployment. While homeless serving agencies usually offer employment services, most homeless youth are disengaged from homeless service agencies, and a limited number of studies have examined employment and other income sources among service disconnected youth. Our study examined income sources and change in income among service disconnected youth, all of whom received Strengths-Based Outreach and Advocacy (SBOA, N = 79). Findings revealed that over time employment and legal income from non-survival behaviors increased (e...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754116/criminality-in-greece-during-the-years-of-financial-crisis-2008-2014
#15
G Tsouvelas, G Konstantakopoulos, A Vakirtzis, O Giotakos, T Papaslanis, V Kontaxakis
The link between poverty, unemployment and economic downturns and increases in crime rates has long been the subject of social science study. However, the relationships between these phenomena has not been studied sufficiently and through time in most European countries that suffered, or, like Greece, are still suffering the recent financial crisis. We examined if the recent financial crisis in Greece has coincided with an increase in crime, analyzing crime rates since the start of the financial crisis and over an extensive time period (7 years)...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753569/first-presentation-with-psychotic-symptoms-to-the-emergency-department
#16
Yousef Etlouba, Abdullah Laher, Feroza Motara, Muhammed Moolla, Nazeema Ariefdien
BACKGROUND: Mental health conditions account for 52.8 million (4.9-6.3%) emergency department (ED) visits in the United States. Psychotic conditions are responsible for approximately 10% of all mental health presentations. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the underlying etiology and characteristics of patients presenting to the ED with a first episode of psychotic symptoms. METHODS: Medical records of 159 African, Asian, white, and mixed-race patients were prospectively reviewed...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752553/influence-of-early-life-parental-severe-life-events-on-the-risk-of-type-1-diabetes-in-children-the-dipis-study
#17
Markus Lundgren, Katarina Ellström, Helena Elding Larsson
AIMS: Stress and severe life events (SLEs) modify autoimmune disease susceptibility. Here, we aimed to establish if SLEs reported by parents during the first 2 years of life influence the risk of developing type 1 diabetes (T1D) using data from the prospective Diabetes Prediction in Skåne (DiPiS) study. METHODS: Prospective questionnaire data recorded at 2 months (n = 23,187) and 2 years of age (n = 3784) from the DiPiS cohort of children were included in the analysis...
May 12, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751805/predictors-of-person-centered-maternity-care-the-role-of-socioeconomic-status-empowerment-and-facility-type
#18
Patience A Afulani, Takudzwa S Sayi, Dominic Montagu
BACKGROUND: Low use of maternal health services, as well as poor quality care, contribute to the high maternal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). In particular, poor person-centered maternity care (PCMC), which captures user experience, contributes both directly to pregnancy outcomes and indirectly through decreased demand for services. While many studies have examined disparities in use of maternal health services, few have examined disparities in quality of care, and none to our knowledge has empirically examined disparities in PCMC in SSA...
May 11, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751563/identification-of-depression-and-screening-for-work-disabilities-among-long-term-unemployed-people
#19
Kirsti Nurmela, Aino Mattila, Virpi Heikkinen, Jukka Uitti, Aarne Ylinen, Pekka Virtanen
The study explores whether clinical screening targeted at work disabilities among long-term unemployed people reveals eligible individuals for a disability pension and the importance of depression in granting the disability pensions. A total of 364 participants of the screening project were considered as eligible to apply for disability pension. Among them, 188 were diagnosed as clinically depressed. They were classified into those with earlier depression diagnosis ( n = 85), those whose depression had not been diagnosed earlier ( n = 103), and those without diagnosed depression ( n = 176)...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750924/predictors-for-follow-up-among-postpartum-patients-enrolled-in-a-clinical-trial
#20
Maureen K Baldwin, Kyle D Hart, Maria I Rodriguez
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for failure to attend postpartum follow-up within three months of delivery, including social support, intrinsic motivation, insurance type, and prenatal care attendance. STUDY DESIGN: This planned secondary analysis is derived from a randomized controlled trial of patients intending intrauterine device (IUD) use following their delivery (n=197). Subjects were postpartum from a vaginal or cesarean birth at≥32weeks gestation. We obtained baseline demographics and certainty about their plan to receive a postpartum IUD...
May 8, 2018: Contraception
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