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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526087/a-multimodal-day-treatment-program-for-multi-problem-young-adults-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Marie-Jolette A Luijks, Floor Bevaart, Josjan Zijlmans, Laura van Duin, Reshmi Marhe, Theo A H Doreleijers, Henning Tiemeier, Jessica J Asscher, Arne Popma
BACKGROUND: Effective interventions for young adults with severe, multiple problems - such as psychosocial and psychiatric problems, delinquency, unemployment and substance use - are scarce but urgently needed in order to support an adequate transition to adulthood. A multimodal day treatment program called "New Opportunities" (in Dutch: "De Nieuwe Kans"; DNK) was specifically developed to target multi-problem young adults in The Netherlands. The aim of this study protocol is to describe the design of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) in clinical practice to examine the effectiveness of DNK in comparison with care as usual (CAU)...
May 19, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526049/psychological-status-and-quality-of-life-among-primary-caregivers-of-individuals-with-mental-illness-a-hospital-based-study
#2
Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Edimansyah Abdin, YunJue Zhang, Sherilyn Chang, Saleha Shafie, Restria Fauziana Abdul Rahman, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the psychological status and quality of life among primary caregivers of individuals suffering from various mental illnesses including early psychosis, chronic schizophrenia, depressive disorders, anxiety disorders and dementia. METHODS: A total of 350 primary caregivers with relatives seeking treatment at a tertiary psychiatric hospital were recruited for this study. Socio-demographic data was obtained and the brief version of the World Health Organisation Quality of Life instrument was used to assess caregiver's quality of life (QOL)...
May 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524644/comparing-predictors-of-part-time-and-no-vocational-engagement-in-youth-primary-mental-health-services-a-brief-report
#3
Alice J Cairns, David J Kavanagh, Frances Dark, Steven M McPhail
AIM: This investigation aims to identify if correlates of not working or studying were also correlated with part-time vocational participation. METHODS: Demographic and vocational engagement information was collected from 226 participant clinical charts aged 15 to 25 years accessing a primary youth health clinic. Multinomial logistic regressions were used to examine potential correlates no and part-time vocational engagement compared to those full-time. RESULTS: A total of 33% were not working or studying and 19% were part-time...
May 19, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521527/employment-outcome-four-years-after-a-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-results-of-the-paris-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-study
#4
Alexis Ruet, Claire Jourdan, Eléonore Bayen, Emmanuelle Darnoux, Dalila Sahridj, Idir Ghout, Sylvie Azerad, Pascale Pradat Diehl, Philippe Aegerter, James Charanton, Claire Vallat Azouvi, Philippe Azouvi
OBJECTIVE: To describe employment outcome four years after a severe traumatic brain injury by the assessment of individual patients' preinjury sociodemographic data, injury-related and postinjury factors. DESIGN: A prospective, multicenter inception cohort of 133 adult patients in the Paris area (France) who had received a severe traumatic brain injury were followed up postinjury at one and four years. Sociodemographic data, factors related to injury severity and one-year functional and cognitive outcomes were prospectively collected...
May 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517969/prevalence-and-determinants-of-depression-among-patients-under-the-care-of-traditional-health-practitioners-in-a-kenyan-setting-policy-implications
#5
Christine W Musyimi, Victoria N Mutiso, Abednego M Musau, Lydia K Matoke, David M Ndetei
In Kenya, there is paucity of information on depression among traditional health practitioner (THP) patients, particularly in rural areas. The aim of this study was to estimate prevalence and identify determinants of major depressive disorder (MDD) among patients of THP in rural Kenya using the World Health Organization (WHO) Mental Health Gap Action Programme Intervention Guideline (mhGAP-IG). All adult patients seeking care from trained THPs (either traditional healers such as diviners and herbalists or faith healers, who use treatments such as prayers, laying hands on patients, or providing holy water and ash to their patients) over a period of 3 months (September 2014 to November 2014) were screened for depression using mhGAP-IG and their sociodemographic characteristics recorded...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513817/loss-of-permanent-employment-and-its-association-with-suicidal-ideation-a-cohort-study-in-south-korea
#6
Seohyun Yoon, Ja Young Kim, Jooyoung Park, Seung-Sup Kim
Objective Precarious employment is associated with worse mental health, but it is unclear whether changes in employment status are related to suicidal behaviors. This study examined the association between change in employment status and suicidal ideation among workers in South Korea. Methods To maximize power of the analysis, we combined data from the ongoing Korean Welfare Panel Study. We analyzed 3793 participants who were permanent workers at baseline (2011-2014) and who either: (i) maintained permanent employment; (ii) became a full-time precarious worker; (iii) became a part-time precarious worker; or (iv) became unemployed in the following year (2012-2015)...
May 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511485/spiritual-well-being-and-associated-factors-with-relapse-in-opioid-addicts
#7
Mohammad-Reza Noormohammadi, Masoud Nikfarjam, Fatemeh Deris, Neda Parvin
INTRODUCTION: Opioid dependence relapse is a complex and multidimensional problem, and lack of spiritual well-being is a major concern in opioid addicts. AIM: This study was conducted to determine spiritual well-being and factors associated with relapse among opioid addicts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted from April 2015 to September 2015. According to purposive sampling, 312 eligible addicted patients were enrolled in the study...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506311/one-fourth-of-the-prisoners-are-underweight-in-northern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Semaw Ferede Abera, Kelemework Adane
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that prisoners are exposed to different health problems, prison health problems are often overlooked by researchers and no previous study has investigated nutritional problems of prisoners in Ethiopia. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected from 809 prisoners from nine major prison setups in the Tigray region of Ethiopia. A proportional stratified sampling technique was used to select the total number of participants needed from each prison site...
May 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506011/unemployment-life-satisfaction-and%C3%A2-deprivation-gender-and-partnership-differences-in-the-context-of-economic-recession
#9
Diana Frasquilho, Margarida Gaspar de Matos, Adilson Marques, Tânia Gaspar, Jm Caldas de Almeida
BACKGROUND: The economic recession produced a rapid rise of unemployment rates that was more visible in Southern European countries. There is evidence that unemployment correlates highly with individuals' poor life satisfaction. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the relationship between life satisfaction, household composition and socioeconomic deprivation in people facing unemployment during the economic recession. METHODS: A sample of 748 unemployed people from Lisbon (Portugal) completed a socio-demographic questionnaire, the Cantril's ladder of life scale, and the latent and manifest benefits of work scale (LAMB)...
May 6, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503647/quality-of-life-and-its-determinants-in-adult-cancer-patients-undergoing-chemotherapy-treatment-in-pakistan
#10
Parveen Chagani, Yasmin Parpio, Raisa Gul, Adnan A Jabbar
OBJECTIVE: Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide. Likewise, in Pakistan, it is a major health problem, with an approximate increase each year. Cancer treatment, particularly chemotherapy, produces a detrimental effect on individuals' well-being. Since the past few years, quality of life (QOL) is considered as the primary goal of cancer treatment in patients' survival. This study aimed to assess the QOL and its determinants in adult cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy treatment...
April 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503431/a-pilot-study-of-intraocular-lens-explantation-in-69-eyes-in-chinese-patients
#11
Fang Chai, Bo Ma, Xin-Guang Yang, Juan Li, Mei-Fang Chu
AIM: To study the effects of intraocular lens (IOL) explantation and demographic characteristics. METHODS: Retrospective non-comparative case series. Clinical data recorded from patient charts included the following: demographic, preoperative and postoperative characteristics; complications; surgical methods, and changes in visual acuity. RESULTS: A total of 69 eyes in 67 Chinese patients who received IOL explants were studied. The patients' mean age at the time of explantation was 46...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502691/long-term-seizure-quality-of-life-depression-and-verbal-memory-outcomes-in-a-controlled-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-surgical-series-using-portuguese-validated-instruments
#12
Luis Dias, Geisa Angelis, Wagner Teixeira, Luiz Casulari
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate long-term surgical outcomes in patients treated for mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) compared to a similar group of patients that underwent a preoperative evaluation. METHODS: Patient interviews were conducted by an independent neuropsychologist and included a socio-demographic questionnaire and validated versions of the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Adverse Events Profile (AEP), Quality of Life in Epilepsy-31 (QOLIE-31), and Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT)...
May 11, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501681/postnatal-paternal-involvement-and-maternal-emotional-disturbances-the-effect-of-maternal-employment-status
#13
Wan-Chien Lin, Shin-Yow Chang, Yi-Ting Chen, Hsin-Chien Lee, Yi-Hua Chen
BACKGROUND: Recently, studies have begun emphasizing paternal involvement during the perinatal period and its impact on maternal health. However, most studies have assessed maternal perception and focused on adolescents or minority groups in Western countries. Therefore, the current study investigated the association between paternal involvement and maternal postnatal depression and anxiety, along with the effects of maternal job status in the Asian society of Taiwan. METHODS: This study recruited pregnant women in the first trimester of pregnancy as well as their partners on prenatal visits from July 2011 to September 2013 at four selected hospitals in metropolitan areas of Taipei, Taiwan...
May 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500384/associations-between-social-vulnerabilities-and-psychosocial-problems-in-european-children-results-from-the-idefics-study
#14
Isabel Iguacel, Nathalie Michels, Juan M Fernández-Alvira, Karin Bammann, Stefaan De Henauw, Regina Felső, Wencke Gwozdz, Monica Hunsberger, Lucia Reisch, Paola Russo, Michael Tornaritis, Barbara Franziska Thumann, Toomas Veidebaum, Claudia Börnhorst, Luis A Moreno
The effect of socioeconomic inequalities on children's mental health remains unclear. This study aims to explore the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between social vulnerabilities and psychosocial problems, and the association between accumulation of vulnerabilities and psychosocial problems. 5987 children aged 2-9 years from eight European countries were assessed at baseline and 2-year follow-up. Two different instruments were employed to assess children's psychosocial problems: the KINDL (Questionnaire for Measuring Health-Related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents) was used to evaluate children's well-being and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was used to evaluate children's internalising problems...
May 12, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499318/-psychiatric-inpatient-treatment-and-return-to-work
#15
Lena Mernyi, Patricia Hölzle, Johannes Hamann
Objective People with mental diseases have a high risk of unemployment and they have only limited access to the labor market. The return to work is often associated with fears.The present study aims to provide an overview of the number of hospitalized psychiatric patients with permanent employment. Moreover it should give an insight into the process of return to work, the experiences patients gain and the support they receive. Methods In the participating clinics we measured the number of patients with permanent employment...
May 12, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497638/bounding-the-causal-effect-of-unemployment-on-mental-health-nonparametric-evidence-from-four-countries
#16
Kamila Cygan-Rehm, Daniel Kuehnle, Michael Oberfichtner
An important, yet unsettled, question in public health policy is the extent to which unemployment causally impacts mental health. The recent literature yields varying findings, which are likely due to differences in data, methods, samples, and institutional settings. Taking a more general approach, we provide comparable evidence for four countries with different institutional settings-Australia, Germany, the UK, and the United States-using a nonparametric bounds analysis. Relying on fairly weak and partially testable assumptions, our paper shows that unemployment has a significant negative effect on mental health in all countries...
May 12, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495222/job-characteristics-associated-with-self-rated-fair-or-poor-health-among-u-s-workers
#17
Sara E Luckhaupt, Toni Alterman, Jia Li, Geoffrey M Calvert
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 60% of the U.S. adult population is employed. Many aspects of a person's job may influence health, but it is unclear which job characteristics are most strongly associated with health at a population level. The purpose of this study was to identify important associations between job characteristics and workers' self-rated health in a nationally representative survey of U.S. workers. METHODS: Data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey were used to calculate weighted prevalence rates for self-reported fair/poor health for five categories of job characteristics: occupation; pay/benefits (economic); work organization; chemical/environmental hazards; and psychosocial factors...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493694/community-vulnerability-to-health-impacts-of-wildland-fire-smoke-exposure
#18
Ana G Rappold, Jeanette M Reyes, George Pouliot, Wayne E Cascio, David Diaz-Sanchez
Identifying communities vulnerable to adverse health effects from exposure to wildfire smoke may help prepare responses, increase the resilience to smoke and improve public health outcomes during smoke days. We developed a Community Health-Vulnerability Index (CHVI) based on factors known to increase the risks of health effects from air pollution and wildfire smoke exposures. These factors included county prevalence rates for asthma in children and adults, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, percent of population 65 years of age and older, and indicators of socioeconomic status including poverty, education, income and unemployment...
May 11, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493263/pattern-of-addiction-and-its-relapse-among-habitual-drug-abusers-in-lahore-pakistan
#19
Sadia Batool, Iram Manzoor, Shamaila Hassnain, Aslam Bajwa, Muslim Abbas, Maha Mahmood, Hina Sohail
This study assessed the pattern of drug abuse and the reasons for relapse of addiction among male drug addicts seeking rehabilitative services in different centres in Lahore, Pakistan. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on male drug abusers from April to December 2016. Nonprobability purposive sampling was done to collect a sample of 119 participants. A structured questionnaire and in-depth interviews were used for data collection. Out of 119 participants, 71.4% were in the age group 15-35 years. Educational levels were low in the majority, with 68...
May 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488891/missed-initial-medical-visits-predictors-timing-and-implications-for-retention-in-hiv-care
#20
Ank E Nijhawan, Yuanyuan Liang, Kranthi Vysyaraju, Jana Muñoz, Norma Ketchum, Julie Saber, Meredith Buchberg, Yvonne Venegas, Delia Bullock, Mamta K Jain, Roberto Villarreal, Barbara S Taylor
HIV disproportionately affects racial/ethnic minorities and individuals living in the southern United States, and missed clinic visits account for much of this disparity. We sought to evaluate: (1) predictors of missed initial HIV medical visits, (2) time to initial visit, and (3) the association between initial visit attendance and retention in HIV care. Chart reviews were conducted for 200 consecutive HIV-infected patients (100 in Dallas, 100 in San Antonio) completing case management (CM) intake. Of these, 52 (26%) missed their initial visit, with 22 (11%) never presenting for care...
May 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
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