keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Unemployment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735149/smoking-relapse-situations-among-a-community-recruited-sample-of-spanish-daily-smokers
#1
Bárbara Piñeiro, Ana López-Durán, Carmela Martínez-Vispo, Elena Fernández Del Río, Úrsula Martínez, Rubén Rodríguez-Cano, M Carmen Míguez, Elisardo Becoña
INTRODUCTION: Relapse is a common factor within the behavior change process. However, there is scarce and limited knowledge of smoking relapse situations in population-based samples. The aim of this study was to identify smoking relapse situations among a sample of Spanish relapsers from the general population. METHODS: A sample of 775 relapsers was recruited among the general population using a snowball method. Participants completed a survey including sociodemographic, smoking-related and psychopathology variables...
July 14, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732032/individual-and-area-level-characteristics-associated-with-alcohol-related-mortality-among-adult-lithuanian-males-a-multilevel-analysis-based-on-census-linked-data
#2
Pavel Grigoriev, Domantas Jasilionis, Daumantas Stumbrys, Vladislava Stankūnienė, Vladimir M Shkolnikov
BACKGROUND: Although excessive alcohol-related mortality in the post-Soviet countries remains the major public health threat, determinants of this phenomenon are still poorly understood. AIMS: We assess simultaneously individual- and area-level factors associated with an elevated risk of alcohol-related mortality among Lithuanian males aged 30-64. METHODS: Our analysis is based on a census-linked dataset containing information on individual- and area-level characteristics and death events which occurred between March 1st, 2011 and December 31st, 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730065/exploring-structural-violence-in-the-context-of-disability-and-poverty-in-zimbabwe
#3
Jennifer T Muderedzi, Arne H Eide, Stine H Braathen, Babill Stray-Pedersen
BACKGROUND: While it is widely assumed that disability, poverty and health are closely linked, research falls short of fully understanding the link. One approach to analysing the links between disability and poverty is through the concept of structural violence, referring to social structures that contribute to the impoverishment of individuals or communities. These structures can be political, ecological, legal and economic, among others. OBJECTIVE: To explore structural violence and how it affects families of children with cerebral palsy among the Tonga ethnic group living in poor rural communities of Binga in Zimbabwe...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729747/do-more-of-those-in-misery-suffer-from-poverty-unemployment-or-mental-illness
#4
Sarah Flèche, Richard Layard
Studies of deprivation usually ignore mental illness. This paper uses household panel data from the USA, Australia, Britain and Germany to broaden the analysis. We ask first how many of those in the lowest levels of life-satisfaction suffer from unemployment, poverty, physical ill health, and mental illness. The largest proportion suffers from mental illness. Multiple regression shows that mental illness is not highly correlated with poverty or unemployment, and that it contributes more to explaining the presence of misery than is explained by either poverty or unemployment...
February 2017: Kyklos: International Review for Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729307/occupational-class-differences-in-long-sickness-absence-a-register-based-study-of-2-1-million-finnish-women-and-men-in-1996-2013
#5
Johanna Pekkala, Jenni Blomgren, Olli Pietiläinen, Eero Lahelma, Ossi Rahkonen
OBJECTIVES: Sickness absence is consistently higher in lower occupational classes, but attempts to analyse changes over time in socioeconomic differences are scarce. We examined trends in medically certified sickness absence by occupational class in Finland from 1996 to 2013 and assessed the magnitude and changes in absolute and relative occupational class differences. DESIGN: Population-based, repeated cross-sectional study. SETTING: A 70% random sample of Finns aged between 25 and 63 years in the years 1996-2013...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727173/national-data-study-showed-that-adolescents-living-in-poorer-households-and-with-one-parent-were-more-likely-to-be-bullied
#6
S B Låftman, E Fransson, B Modin, V Östberg
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess whether sociodemographic household characteristics were associated with which Swedish adolescents were more likely to be bullied. METHODS: The data were derived from the Swedish Living Conditions Survey and its child supplements from the survey years 2008-2011. The analyses included information on 3,951 adolescents aged 10-18 years. Exposure to bullying was reported by adolescents and information on sociodemographic household characteristics was reported by parents and obtained from official registers...
July 20, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726747/sleep-duration-and-quality-in-pregnant-women-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-china
#7
Xianglong Xu, Dengyuan Liu, Zhangyi Zhang, Manoj Sharma, Yong Zhao
Objectives: Good maternal health and fetal development require sufficient and good quality of sleep during pregnancy. This study investigated sleep duration and quality in pregnant women, assessing factors with possibly influence on sleep. Method: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on pregnant women between June and August in 2015 in 16 hospitals in five provinces in China. A total of 2345 pregnant women aged 18 years and older were surveyed. Insufficient sleeping duration was defined as sleeping of less than 7 h per day...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726043/injection-drug-use-unemployment-and-severe-food-insecurity-among-hiv-hcv-co-infected-individuals-a-mediation-analysis
#8
Taylor McLinden, Erica E M Moodie, Anne-Marie Hamelin, Sam Harper, Sharon L Walmsley, Gilles Paradis, Wusiman Aibibula, Marina B Klein, Joseph Cox
Severe food insecurity (FI), which indicates reduced food intake, is common among HIV-hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infected individuals. Given the importance of unemployment as a proximal risk factor for FI, this mediation analysis examines a potential mechanism through which injection drug use (IDU) is associated with severe FI. We used biannual data from the Canadian Co-infection Cohort (N = 429 with 3 study visits, 2012-2015). IDU in the past 6 months (exposure) and current unemployment (mediator) were self-reported...
July 19, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724370/facing-unemployment-study-protocol-for-the-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-community-based-intervention-for-psychological-well-being-promotion
#9
Ana Virgolino, Maria João Heitor, Joana Carreiras, Elisa Lopes, Simon Øverland, Steffen Torp, Dora Guðmundsdóttir, José Pereira Miguel, M Fátima Reis, Osvaldo Santos
BACKGROUND: Economic crises and unemployment have profound impact on mental health and well-being. Main goal of the Healthy Employment (HE) project is to enhance intersectoral actions promoting mental health among unemployed, namely through the implementation and effectiveness-evaluation of short-term and sustainable group interventions. METHODS: The project follows a RE-AIM-based (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation and Maintenance) framework for assessing a cognitive-behavioural and psychoeducational intervention that has been developed for promoting mental health among unemployed people...
July 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721929/obstetric-hemorrhages-at-the-chu-yalgado-ou%C3%A3-draogo-of-ouagadougou%C3%A2-etiological-therapeutic-and-prognostic-aspects
#10
D P Kain, R D Ajavon, H Zamané, S Kiemtore, Y A Sawadogo, I Ouédraogo
To evaluate the maternal and perinatal prognosis of obstetric hemorrhages in the maternity department of the Yalgado Ouédraogo University Hospital of Ouagadougou. This descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in the four-month period from April through July 2015 included all women consulting on an emergency basis for vaginal bleeding during pregnancy at or after 28 weeks of gestation, or during labor, delivery, or the postpartum period. Obstetric hemorrhages accounted for 6% of admissions. The women's mean age was 27...
July 19, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721344/exploring-patient-characteristics-and-barriers-to-hepatitis-c-treatment-in-patients-on-opioid-substitution-treatment-attending-a-community-based-fibro-scanning-clinic
#11
Des Crowley, Walter Cullen, Eamon Laird, John S Lambert, Tina Mc Hugh, Carol Murphy, Marie Claire Van Hout
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major public health issue. There is substandard uptake in HCV assessment and treatment among people who inject drugs (PWID). Community fibroscanning is used to assess disease severity and target treatment. METHODS: A survey was administered to a cohort of chronically HCV infected patients attending a community fibroscanning clinic. Questions targeted diagnosis of HCV, suitability, willingness and barriers to engagement in treatment...
June 2017: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720452/socioeconomic-predictors-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-in-danish-men-a-nationwide-study
#12
Signe Bollerup, Birgitte Baldur-Felskov, Christian Dehlendorff, Susanne K Kjaer
BACKGROUND: The quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine was licensed in Denmark in 2006. Unlike women, men are not offered human papillomavirus vaccination free of charge but can have it at their own expense. We investigated human papillomavirus vaccine uptake by men in Denmark and the socioeconomic factors that may predict human papillomavirus vaccination. METHODS: Using the Civil Registration System, we identified all boys and men aged 9-26 years in 2006-2013 and their mothers...
June 2017: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720022/good-work-ability-among-unemployed-individuals-association-of-sociodemographic-work-related-and-well-being-factors
#13
Marja Hult, Anna-Maija Pietilä, Päivikki Koponen, Terhi Saaranen
AIMS: The aims of this study were to describe the perceived work ability of unemployed individuals and to explore the association between perceived good work ability and sociodemographic, work-related and well-being factors. METHODS: The data were derived from the Finnish Regional Health and Well-being Study (ATH) collected by postal and Internet-based questionnaires in 2014-2015. The random sample was selected from the Finnish National Population Register. The present study includes data from unemployed or laid-off respondents ( n=1975) aged 20-65 years...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718490/barriers-to-hiv-testing-linkage-to-care-and-treatment-adherence-a-cross-sectional-study-from-a-large-urban-center-of-brazil
#14
Sarah MacCarthy, Michael Hoffmann, Amy Nunn, Luís Augusto Vasconcelos da Silva, Ines Dourado
Objective: Early, continued engagement with the HIV treatment continuum can help achieve viral suppression, though few studies have explored how risk factors for delays differ across the continuum. The objective of this study was to identify predictors of delayed diagnosis, delayed linkage to care, and nonadherence to treatment in the city of Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Methods: Data were collected during 2010 in a cross-sectional study with a sample (n = 1 970) of HIV-infected individuals enrolled in care...
December 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718252/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-among-asthmatic-patients
#15
Fawad Ahmed, Ayaz Ayub, Hamid Hussain
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use in some developed countries is on the rise as surveys conducted on large scale vouch for. This study was conducted with the aim to determine the frequency of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among asthmatic patients at outpatient department of tertiary care hospitals in Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in outpatient department of two tertiary care hospitals...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716045/barriers-to-accessing-and-using-health-insurance-cards-among-methadone-maintenance-treatment-patients-in-northern-vietnam
#16
Bach Xuan Tran, Victoria L Boggiano, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Long Hoang Nguyen, Anh Tuan Le Nguyen, Carl A Latkin
BACKGROUND: Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) patients face unique costs associated with their healthcare expenditures. As such, it is important that these patients have access to health insurance (HI) to help them pay for both routine and unforeseen health services. In this study, we explored factors related to health insurance enrollment and utilization among MMT patients, to move Vietnam closer to universal coverage among this patient population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 1003 patients enrolled in MMT in five clinics in Hanoi and Nam Dinh provinces...
July 17, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715054/sustainability-of-prevention-practices-at-the-workplace-safety-simplification-productivity-and-effectiveness
#17
A Messineo, M S Cattaruzza, C Prestigiacomo, F Giordano, L T Marsella
Traditional full-time employment has evolved into various types of occupational situations, and, nowadays, new work organization strategies have been developed. Previously overlooked risk factors have emerged, such as traffic accidents while commuting or during work hours, poor work organization, and detrimental lifestyles (like alcohol and substance abuse, although recent statistics seem to show a declining trend for the latter). The global scenario shows greater attention to occupational risks, but also, to the reduced degree of protection...
September 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713168/creative-destruction-and-subjective-well-being
#18
Philippe Aghion, Ufuk Akcigit, Angus Deaton, Alexandra Roulet
In this paper we analyze the relationship between turnover-driven growth and subjective wellbeing. Our model of innovation-led growth and unemployment predicts that: (i) the effect of creative destruction on expected individual welfare should be unambiguously positive if we control for unemployment, less so if we do not; (ii) job creation has a positive and job destruction has a negative impact on wellbeing; (iii) job destruction has a less negative impact in US Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA) within states with more generous unemployment insurance policies; (iv) job creation has a more positive effect on individuals that are more forward-looking...
December 2016: American Economic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712348/an-exploratory-study-of-fatigue-and-physical-activity-in-canadian-thyroid-cancer-patients
#19
Ahmad Alhashemi, Jennifer Jones, David P Goldstein, Daniel Santa Mina, Lehana Thabane, Catherine Sabiston, Eugene K Chang, James Brierley, Anna M Sawka
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is common among cancer survivors, but fatigue in thyroid cancer (TC) survivors may be underappreciated. We investigated the severity and prevalence of moderate and severe fatigue in TC survivors. Potential predictive factors, including physical activity, were explored. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional, written, self-administered TC patient survey and retrospective chart review in an outpatient academic Endocrinology clinic in Toronto, Canada...
July 16, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707565/neoliberalism-and-the-recommodification-of-health-inequalities-a-case-study-of-the-swedish-welfare-state-1980-to-2011
#20
Kristin Farrants, Clare Bambra
AIMS: This paper examines the effects of neoliberalism on health inequalities through an empirical examination of the recommodification of the social determinants of health. It uses a detailed case study of changes to three specific welfare policy domains in Sweden: unemployment, healthcare, and pensions. METHODS: Using time series data from the repeat cross-sectional Swedish Living Conditions Survey for 1980-2011, it examines: (1) the effects of reductions in the replacement rate value of unemployment benefit on inequalities in self-reported general health between the employed and the unemployed; (2) the effects of reductions in the replacement rate value of pensions on educational inequalities in self-reported general health among pensioners; and (3) the effects of the increase in user charges on inequalities in having visited a doctor in the past 3 months by educational level...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
keyword
keyword
26712
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"