keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Unemployment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806639/a-developmental-etiological-model-for-drug-abuse-in-men
#1
Kenneth S Kendler, Henrik Ohlsson, Alexis C Edwards, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
BACKGROUND: We attempt to develop a relatively comprehensive structural model of risk factors for drug abuse (DA) in Swedish men that illustrates developmental and mediational processes. METHODS: We examined 20 risk factors for DA in 48,369 men undergoing conscription examinations in 1969-70 followed until 2011 when 2.34% (n=1134) of them had DA ascertained in medical, criminal and pharmacy registries. Risk factors were organized into four developmental tiers reflecting i) birth, ii) childhood/early adolescence, iii) late adolescence, and iv) young adulthood...
July 29, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805490/low-employment-and-low-willingness-of-being-reemployed-in-chinese-working-age-maintained-hemodialysis-patients
#2
Bihong Huang, Bihong Lai, Ling Xu, Ying Wang, Yanpei Cao, Ping Yan, Jing Chen
AIM: Returning to society plays an important role in improving the quality of life in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients, and retention of employment is one of the core enablers. The study is to assess the employment status and to determine the variables for unemployment in Chinese MHD patients. METHODS: Prevalent MHD patients from four dialysis centers in Shanghai China were enrolled. We assessed patients' employment status, current social functioning, hemodialysis modality, annual income and general health condition...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805178/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-duration-of-untreated-psychosis-evidence-from-administrative-data-in-england
#3
A Reichert, R Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) is an important measure of access to care as it predicts prognosis and treatment outcomes. Little is known about potential socioeconomic inequalities in DUP. The aim of this study was to investigate inequalities in DUP associated with socioeconomic deprivation in a national cohort in England. METHOD: We analysed a cohort of 887 patients with a first-episode in psychosis using the administrative Mental Health Services Dataset in England for 2012/13-2014/15...
August 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805174/socioeconomic-position-and-depression-in-south-african-adults-with-long-term-health-conditions-a-longitudinal-study-of-causal-pathways
#4
T Elwell-Sutton, N Folb, A Clark, L R Fairall, C Lund, M O Bachmann
AIMS: There is convincing evidence that lower socioeconomic position is associated with increased risk of mental disorders. However, the mechanisms involved are not well understood. This study aims to elucidate the causal pathways between socioeconomic position and depression symptoms in South African adults. Two possible causal theories are examined: social causation, which suggests that poor socioeconomic conditions cause mental ill health; and social drift, which suggests that those with poor mental health are more likely to drift into poor socioeconomic circumstances...
August 14, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805069/assessing-the-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-in-kuwait-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Eman J Abdullah, Hanan E Badr
The main objective of this paper was to assess the level and the determinants of quality of life (QOL) amongst patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). A cross-sectional study was conducted among a convenience sample of 200 adult MS patients. Inclusion criteria were: MS diagnosis for at least one year, and aged 21+ years. However, exclusion criteria were: having other neurological diseases, serious cardiovascular, orthopedic or other disability precluding participation. Self-administered questionnaire employed MSQOL-54 with two outcomes: Physical Health Composite (PHC) and mental health composite (MHC)...
August 13, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802085/recovery-and-mood-disorders
#6
EDITORIAL
Marie Crowe
The discourse of recovery has been co-opted by and pervades many standards of mental health service delivery. I want to consider what this means for mood disorders in a clinical context in which the medical model is the primary approach to treatment. The core concept in recovery discourse is concerned with living well in the presence or absence of mental illness and the many losses that may come in its wake, such as isolation, poverty, unemployment, and discrimination (Mental Health Commission 2012). This article is protected by copyright...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801847/assessment-of-functioning-and-disability-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-using-the-who-disability-assessment-schedule-2-0-in-a-large-scale-database
#7
Ruey Chen, Tsan-Hon Liou, Kwang-Hwa Chang, Chia-Feng Yen, Hua-Fang Liao, Wen-Chou Chi, Kuei-Ru Chou
Schizophrenia is a common mental disorder characterized by deficits in multiple domains of functioning. This study is arguably the first of its kind in Taiwan to examine, in a multifaceted and objective manner, the disability of patients with schizophrenia and the factors affecting it. A cross-sectional design was adopted to gather data from 24,299 patients with schizophrenia who were listed in the Taiwan Databank of Persons with Disabilities. The level of disability in these patients was measured using the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2...
August 11, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800618/the-workforce-trends-of-nurses-in-lebanon-2009-2014-a-registration-database-analysis
#8
Mohamad Alameddine, Nariman Chamoun, Rachel Btaiche, Nour El Arnaout, Nathalie Richa, Helen Samaha-Nuwayhid
BACKGROUND: Analysis of the nursing registration databases is a highly informative approach that provides accurate and reliable information supporting evidence based decisions relevant to the nursing workforce planning, management and development. This study presents the first systematic analysis of the nursing registration database in Lebanon. It Reports on the workforce distribution and trends using an updated version of the Order of Nurses in Lebanon (ONL) databases. METHODS: This study presents a secondary data analysis of a de-identified subset of the updated ONL registration database...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800069/effects-of-lifetime-unemployment-experience-and-job-insecurity-on-two-year-risk-of-physician-diagnosed-incident-depression-in-the-german-working-population
#9
Natalia Wege, Peter Angerer, Jian Li
Unemployment and job insecurity have been reported to be associated with a higher risk of depression. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the separate and combined effects of lifetime unemployment experience and job insecurity on the incidence of depression in an unselected working population in Germany. Data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP) study were used, as was a final sample of those currently employed, with complete data at baseline (2009) and follow-up (2011) restricted to those free of depression in 2009 (n = 7073)...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799159/-the-japanese-health-care-system-an-analysis-of-the-funding-and-reimbursement-system
#10
Alexis Rump, Oliver Schöffski
Objective The modern Japanese health care system was established during the Meiji period (1868-1912) using the example of Germany. In this paper, the funding and remuneration of health services and products in Japan are described. The focus lies on the mechanisms used to implement health policy goals and to control costs. Method Selective literature search. Results All permanent residents in Japan are enrolled in one of more than 3,000 compulsory health funds. Employees and public servants are covered through company or government-related health insurance schemes...
August 10, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799014/breakfast-habits-dairy-product-consumption-physical-activity-and-their-associations-with-body-mass-index-in-children-aged-6-18
#11
Tugba Koca, Mustafa Akcam, Filiz Serdaroglu, Selim Dereci
The purpose of this study was to determine breakfast habits, dairy product consumption, and physical activity and their relations with body mass index (BMI) in schoolchildren and adolescents. This cross-sectional, school-based study was performed with children aged 6-18 years. Height and weight were measured, and a BMI z-score was calculated for each child. Breakfast consumption frequency, intake of milk and other dairy products, physical activity habits, and mothers' employment status were assessed via a self-report questionnaire...
August 11, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794489/spatiotemporal-suicide-risk-in-germany-a-longitudinal-study-2007-11
#12
Marco Helbich, Paul L Plener, Sebastian Hartung, Victor Blüml
Despite comprehensive prevention programs in Germany, suicide has been on the rise again since 2007. The underlying reasons and spatiotemporal risk patterns are poorly understood. We assessed the spatiotemporal risk of suicide per district attributable to multiple risk and protective factors longitudinally for the period 2007-11. Bayesian space-time regression models were fitted. The nationwide temporal trend showed an increase in relative risk (RR) of dying from suicide (RR 1.008, 95% credibility intervals (CI) 1...
August 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792529/discrepancy-between-self-assessed-hearing-status-and-measured-audiometric-evaluation
#13
So Young Kim, Hyung-Jong Kim, Min-Su Kim, Bumjung Park, Jin-Hwan Kim, Hyo Geun Choi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the difference between self-reported hearing status and hearing impairment assessed using conventional audiometry. The associated factors were examined when a concordance between self-reported hearing and audiometric measures was lacking. METHODS: In total, 19,642 individuals ≥20 years of age who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys conducted from 2009 through 2012 were enrolled...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791876/limited-awareness-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-among-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-in-new%C3%A2-york-city
#14
Matthew Garnett, Yael Hirsch-Moverman, Julie Franks, Eleanor Hayes-Larson, Wafaa M El-Sadr, Sharon Mannheimer
Awareness of Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) was assessed among a cohort of substance-using black men who have sex with men and transgender women (MSM/TGW) participating in the STAR Study, which recruited black MSM/TGW in New York City for HIV testing and linked HIV-infected individuals into care from July 2012 to April 2015. Sociodemographic, psychosocial, known HIV risk factors, and PrEP awareness were assessed among participants. Multivariable logistic regression was conducted to assess factors associated with PrEP awareness...
August 9, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790861/assessment-of-quality-of-life-in-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-using-whoqol-bref-questionnaire-a-multicenter-study
#15
Utsav Joshi, Roshan Subedi, Prakash Poudel, Prajwol Ram Ghimire, Sagar Panta, Mahesh Raj Sigdel
BACKGROUND: Assessment of quality of life (QOL) of patients with end-stage renal disease has become increasingly important, both in order to evaluate the influence of the disease on patients and the type of renal replacement therapy they require. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to assess QOL in patients undergoing hemodialysis and evaluated the effects of various sociodemographic factors affecting QOL of such patients in Nepal. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 150 patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis at two major centers in Nepal...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789653/occupational-status-as-a-determinant-of-mental-health-inequities-in-french-young-people-is-fairness-needed-results-of-a-cross-sectional-multicentre-observational-survey
#16
Marie Blanquet, Emilie Labbe-Lobertreau, Catherine Sass, Dominique Berger, Laurent Gerbaud
BACKGROUND: Employment conditions are associated with health inequities. In 2013, French young people had the highest unemployment rate and among those who worked as salaried workers most of them had temporary job. The purpose of the study was to assess mental health state of French young people through the prism of their occupational status and to measure whether occupational status is a determinant of health inequities. METHODS: A cross-sectional multicentre observational survey was performed in June and July 2010 in 115 French Local Social Centres and 74 Health Examination Centres, who were available to participate...
August 8, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789652/exploring-the-relationship-between-general-practice-characteristics-and-attendance-at-walk-in-centres-minor-injuries-units-and-emergency-departments-in-england-2009-10-2012-2013-a-longitudinal-study
#17
Peter Tammes, Richard W Morris, Emer Brangan, Kath Checkland, Helen England, Alyson Huntley, Daniel Lasserson, Fiona MacKichan, Chris Salisbury, Lesley Wye, Sarah Purdy
BACKGROUND: The UK National Health Service Emergency Departments (ED) have recently faced increasing attendance rates. This study investigated associations of general practice and practice population characteristics with emergency care service attendance rates. METHODS: A longitudinal design with practice-level measures of access and continuity of care, patient population demographics and use of emergency care for the financial years 2009/10 to 2012/13. The main outcome measures were self-referred discharged ED attendance rate, and combined self-referred discharged ED, self-referred Walk-in Centre (WiC) and self-referred Minor Injuries Unit (MIU) attendance rate per 1000 patients...
August 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789594/the-impact-of-prior-psychiatric-medical-treatment-on-return-to-work-after-a-diagnosis-of-breast-cancer-a-registry-based-study
#18
Laura Schärfe Jensen, Charlotte Overgaard, Jens Peter Garne, Henrik Bøggild, Kirsten Fonager
PURPOSE: Breast cancer and psychiatric disorders negatively impact work life, both positively associated with unemployment and early retirement. Our purpose was to assess whether being prescribed psychiatric medication, 2-4 yrs prior to a diagnosis of breast cancer, could impact the likelihood of returning to work after cancer therapy. METHODS: 16,868 self-supporting women, diagnosed with breast cancer in Denmark from 2000 to 2012, were identified from a population-based clinical database, then cross-referenced to data held for psychiatric medication usage, sociodemographics, and labour-market participation...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783934/predictors-of-a-shorter-time-to-hospitalization-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-medication-during-the-acute-and-maintenance-phases-and-other-clinical-factors
#19
In Hee Shim, Young Sup Woo, Hee-Ryung Wang, Won-Myong Bahk
Objective: The present study was conducted to compare the effects of pharmacological treatments during the acute and maintenance phases of mood episodes, sociodemographic, and clinical characteristics between a shorter time to hospitalization group (<12 months) and a longer time to hospitalization group (≥12 months). Methods: The discharge medication for the first hospitalization was considered the acute treatment and the medication used during the week prior to the second hospitalization at the outpatient clinic was considered the maintenance treatment...
August 31, 2017: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782542/supported-employment-for-veterans-with-traumatic-brain-injury-patient-perspectives
#20
Kathleen F Carlson, Terri K Pogoda, Tess Gilbert, Sandra G Resnick, Elizabeth Twamley, Maya E O'Neil, Nina A Sayer
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the need for, and interest in, Supported Employment (SE) among recent military Veterans with traumatic brain injury (TBI), and to examine characteristics associated with Veterans' interest in SE. DESIGN: Stratified random sample of Iraq and Afghanistan War Veterans confirmed to have TBI through the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) screening and evaluation system. SETTING: Community-based via mailed survey. PARTICIPANTS: We recruited 1,800 Veterans with clinician-confirmed TBI (1,080 mild TBI; 720 moderate/severe TBI) through multiple mailings...
August 3, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
keyword
keyword
26712
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"