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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092072/public-sector-employment-inequality-in-the-united-states-and-the-great-recession
#1
Jennifer Laird
Historically in the United States, the public sector has served as an equalizing institution through the expansion of job opportunities for minority workers. This study examines whether the public sector continues to serve as an equalizing institution in the aftermath of the Great Recession. Using data from the Current Population Survey, I investigate changes in public sector employment between 2003 and 2013. My results point to a post-recession double disadvantage for black public sector workers: they are concentrated in a shrinking sector of the economy, and they are more likely than white and Hispanic public sector workers to experience job loss...
January 13, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092057/maternal-nonstandard-work-schedules-and-breastfeeding-behaviors
#2
Afshin Zilanawala
Objectives Although maternal employment rates have increased in the last decade in the UK, there is very little research investigating the linkages between maternal nonstandard work schedules (i.e., work schedules outside of the Monday through Friday, 9-5 schedule) and breastfeeding initiation and duration, especially given the wide literature citing the health advantages of breastfeeding for mothers and children. Methods This paper uses a population-based, UK cohort study, the Millennium Cohort Study (n = 17,397), to investigate the association between types of maternal nonstandard work (evening, night, away from home overnight, and weekends) and breastfeeding behaviors...
January 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089924/water-juice-or-soda-mothers-and-grandmothers-of-preschoolers-discuss-the-acceptability-and-accessibility-of-beverages
#3
Karin Eli, Agneta Hörnell, Mahnoush Etminan Malek, Paulina Nowicka
Intake of sugary beverages is strongly associated with weight gain and obesity among children; however, differences between mothers' and grandmothers' attitudes and practices concerning young children's beverage consumption remain unclear. This is notable since about a quarter of families in the US and the UK rely on grandparents as the main providers of informal childcare. The aim of this study is to examine mothers' and maternal grandmothers' attitudes, knowledge, and practices regarding preschool-age children's beverage consumption...
January 12, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089282/the-likely-effects-of-employer-mandated-complementary-health-insurance-on-health-coverage-in-france
#4
Aurélie Pierre, Florence Jusot
In France, access to health care greatly depends on having a complementary health insurance coverage (CHI). Thus, the generalisation of CHI became a core factor in the national health strategy created by the government in 2013. The first measure has been to compulsorily extend employer-sponsored CHI to all private sector employees on January 1st, 2016 and improve its portability coverage for unemployed former employees for up to 12 months. Based on data from the 2012 Health, Health Care and Insurance survey, this article provides a simulation of the likely effects of this mandate on CHI coverage and related inequalities in the general population by age, health status, socio-economic characteristics and time and risk preferences...
January 5, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088739/the-effects-of-rurality-on-substance-use-disorder-diagnosis-a-multiple-groups-latent-class-analysis
#5
Billy Brooks, Matthew McBee, Robert Pack, Arsham Alamian
BACKGROUND: Rates of accidental overdose mortality from substance use disorder (SUD) have risen dramatically in the United States since 1990. Between 1999 and 2004 alone rates increased 62% nationwide, with rural overdose mortality increasing at a rate 3 times that seen in urban populations. Cultural differences between rural and urban populations (e.g., educational attainment, unemployment rates, social characteristics, etc.) affect the nature of SUD, leading to disparate risk of overdose across these communities...
January 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088680/the-influence-of-patient-caregiver-and-family-factors-on-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-children-and-adolescents-with-intractable-epilepsy
#6
Klajdi Puka, Elysa Widjaja, Mary Lou Smith
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the association of caregiver and family factors with symptoms of anxiety and depression in children and adolescents with medically refractory localization-related epilepsy (i.e., failed at least two epilepsy medications). METHOD: Forty-four children (ages 6-11years) and 65 adolescents (ages 12-18years) and their parents participated in this multicentered, observational, cross-sectional study. Univariable and multivariable linear regressions were used to evaluate the influence of multiple patient, caregiver, and family characteristics on self-reported symptoms of anxiety and depression in the children and adolescents...
January 12, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088618/modelling-possible-causality-in-the-associations-between-unemployment-cannabis-use-and-alcohol-misuse
#7
Joseph M Boden, Jungeun Olivia Lee, L John Horwood, Carolina Villamil Grest, Geraldine F H McLeod
BACKGROUND: There has been considerable interest in the extent to which substance use and unemployment may be related, particularly the causal pathways that may be involved in these associations. It has been argued that these associations may reflect social causation, in which unemployment influences substance use, or that they may reflect social selection, in which substance use increases the risk of becoming and remaining unemployed. The present study sought to test these competing explanations...
January 3, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088111/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-generalized-anxiety-disorder-screener-gad-7-based-on-a-large-german-general-population-sample
#8
Andreas Hinz, Annette M Klein, Elmar Brähler, Heide Glaesmer, Tobias Luck, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Kerstin Wirkner, Anja Hilbert
BACKGROUND: The Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scales GAD-7 and GAD-2 are instruments for the assessment of anxiety. The aims of this study are to test psychometric properties of these questionnaires, to provide normative values, and to investigate associations with sociodemographic factors, quality of life, psychological variables, and behavioral factors. METHODS: A German community sample (n=9721) with an age range of 18-80 years was surveyed using the GAD-7 and several other questionnaires...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087812/long-term-effects-of-youth-unemployment-on-mental-health-does-an-economic-crisis-make-a-difference
#9
Emelie Thern, Jeroen de Munter, Tomas Hemmingsson, Finn Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Ill health is a risk factor and a consequence of unemployment, which might vary depending on the national rate of unemployment. We investigated the long-term effect of youth unemployment on mental health and explored the possible interaction during periods of high (economic crisis) and low (non-crisis) unemployment rates. METHODS: A register-linked population-based cohort study was conducted including individuals aged 17-24 years. The crisis cohort (n=6410) took part in the Labour Force Survey during the economic crisis (1991-1994) in Sweden and the non-crisis cohort (n=8162) took part in the same survey before the crisis (1983-1986)...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077017/adolescent-and-young-adult-aya-lymphoma-survivors-report-lower-health-related-quality-of-life-compared-to-a-normative-population-results-from-the-profiles-registry
#10
Olga Husson, Judith B Prins, Suzanne E J Kaal, Simone Oerlemans, Wendy B Stevens, Bradley Zebrack, Winette T A van der Graaf, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse
BACKGROUND: Trying to simultaneously achieve developmental milestones and cope with a life-threatening disease may place adolescents and young adults (AYAs) at risk for impaired health-related quality of life (HRQoL) later in life. The aim of this study was to examine differences in HRQoL between AYA lymphoma survivors and a normative population and to determine sociodemographic, clinical and long-term symptom-related factors associated with HRQoL. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was part of a longitudinal, population-based survey among lymphoma survivors diagnosed between 1999 and 2012...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076644/main-mental-disorders-in-crack-cocaine-users-treated-at-psychosocial-care-centers-for-alcohol-and-drugs-in-the-city-of-recife-brazil
#11
Antonio Gomes de Castro, Diego César Nunes da Silva, Magda da Silva Figueiroa
Introduction: Brazil's Northeast region has the highest crack-cocaine consumption in the country. Crack-cocaine has more intense effects than cocaine powder and can cause greater chemical dependence. Psychosocial Care Centers for Alcohol and Drugs (CAPSad) are public health services that provide treatment for drug dependence. It is common for drug users, and particularly crack-cocaine users, to develop mental disorders. Objective: To evaluate the most common mental disorders in crack-cocaine dependents in treatment at CAPSad in the city of Recife, Brazil...
October 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076551/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-the-use-of-public-health-services-for-adult-men
#12
Guilherme Oliveira de Arruda, Thais Aidar de Freitas Mathias, Sonia Silva Marcon
The aim of this study was to identify prevalence and factors associated with use of public health services by adult males residing in the city of Maringá, Paraná. A household survey was carried out with 410 men aged 20 to 59 years old. Analysis was performed by means of descriptive statistics and multiple logistic regression models. The prevalence of use of public services stood at 56.3%. Men who used public health services most often were those with little education, no health plan, no partner, unemployed, who had more contact with nurses and other professionals, sought the services due to disease/symptoms/emergency, had difficulties with the service, rated health services as regular and chose attention and promptness as the most important aspects of health services - variables adjusted for family income, economic class and need for treatment...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069844/adults-are-more-likely-to-become-eligible-for-medicaid-during-future-recessions-if-their-state-expanded-medicaid
#13
Paul D Jacobs, Steven C Hill, Salam Abdus
Eligibility for and enrollment in Medicaid can vary with economic recessions, recoveries, and changes in personal income. Understanding how Medicaid responds to such forces is important to budget analysts and policy makers tasked with forecasting Medicaid enrollment. We simulated eligibility for Medicaid for the period 2005-14 in two scenarios: assuming that each state's eligibility rules in 2009, the year before passage of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), were in place during the entire study period; and assuming that the ACA's expanded eligibility rules were in place during the entire period for all states...
January 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069297/lesions-on-the-back-of-hands-and-female-gender-predispose-to-stigmatization-in-patients-with-psoriasis
#14
Marlena Hawro, Marcus Maurer, Karsten Weller, Romuald Maleszka, Anna Zalewska-Janowska, Andrzej Kaszuba, Zofia Gerlicz-Kowalczuk, Tomasz Hawro
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis vulgaris is characterized by disfiguring and stigmatizing skin lesions. The links among lesions distribution, severity, and stigmatization remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate if the involvement of visible and sensitive areas is linked to stigmatization. METHODS: In all, 115 patients with psoriasis vulgaris were assessed for disease severity, skin lesions distribution, itch, and stigmatization using the Feelings of Stigmatization Questionnaire...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069020/work-outcome-in-persons-with-musculoskeletal-diseases-comparison-with-other-chronic-diseases-the-role-of-musculoskeletal-diseases-in-multimorbidity
#15
Antje van der Zee-Neuen, Polina Putrik, Sofia Ramiro, Andras Keszei, Rob de Bie, Astrid Chorus, Annelies Boonen
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases and multimorbidity are increasingly common among persons in working age. This study explores the impact of type, number and combinations of chronic diseases with focus on the role of MSKD on (1) adverse work status (i.e. work disability (WD), economic unemployment (UE) or receiving a living allowance (LA)) and on (2) the occurrence of sick leave. METHODS: Subjects participating in a Dutch household survey, who were ≤65 years and could have paid work, provided data on socio-demographics and nine physician diagnosed chronic diseases...
January 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068930/self-reported-diabetes-during-pregnancy-in-the-south-african-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-extent-and-social-determinants
#16
Lumbwe Chola, Chipo Mutyambizi, Ronel Sewpaul, Whadi-Ah Parker, Zandile Mchiza, Demetre Labadarios, Charles Hongoro
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a serious and growing public health concern in South Africa, but its prevalence and distribution in pregnant women is not well known. Women diagnosed with diabetes during pregnancy have a substantially greater risk of adverse health outcomes for both mother and child. This study aims to determine the prevalence and social determinants of diabetes during pregnancy in South Africa. METHODS: Data used in this study were from the 2012 South African National Nutrition and Health Examination Survey; a nationally representative cross-sectional household survey...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068793/utilization-of-preventive-dental-services-before-and-after-health-insurance-covered-dental-scaling-in-korea
#17
Young-Eun Jang, Chun-Bae Kim, Nam-Hee Kim
Health insurance reduces the economic burden of diseases and enhances access to medical services. This study compared, among social classes, the utilization of preventive dental service before and after health insurance covered dental scaling. We analyzed time-series secondary data for 3  175  584 participants from 253 survey areas nationwide in the Community Health Survey (2009-2014) in Korea. The weighted proportion of participants who underwent dental scaling was defined as the scaling rate. Data regarding demographic and socioeconomic characteristics were collected...
January 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067944/intensive-case-management-for-severe-mental-illness
#18
REVIEW
Marina Dieterich, Claire B Irving, Hanna Bergman, Mariam A Khokhar, Bert Park, Max Marshall
BACKGROUND: Intensive Case Management (ICM) is a community-based package of care aiming to provide long-term care for severely mentally ill people who do not require immediate admission. Intensive Case Management evolved from two original community models of care, Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) and Case Management (CM), where ICM emphasises the importance of small caseload (fewer than 20) and high-intensity input. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of ICM as a means of caring for severely mentally ill people in the community in comparison with non-ICM (caseload greater than 20) and with standard community care...
January 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065454/the-prevalence-association-and-clinical-outcomes-of-frailty-in-maintenance-dialysis-patients
#19
So-Young Lee, Dong Ho Yang, Eunah Hwang, Seock Hui Kang, Sun-Hee Park, Tae Woo Kim, Duk Hyun Lee, Kisoo Park, Jun Chul Kim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical implications of frailty in chronic kidney disease patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis and chronic peritoneal dialysis. DESIGN: In this prospective study, all of the participants completed the Short Form of the Kidney Disease Quality of Life questionnaire, Korean version, to determine their frailty phenotype. We also obtained blood chemistry and demographic data at enrollment. Data regarding the history of hospitalization and death were collected during the follow-up period...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065185/predictors-of-immunodeficiency-related-death-in-a-cohort-of-low-income-people-living-with-hiv-a-competing-risks-survival-analysis
#20
M F P M Albuquerque, D N Alves, C C Bresani Salvi, J D L Batista, R A A Ximenes, D B Miranda-Filho, H R L Melo, M Maruza, U R Montarroyos
We conducted a survival analysis with competing risks to estimate the mortality rate and predictive factors for immunodeficiency-related death in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH) in northeast Brazil. A cohort with 2372 PLWH was enrolled between July 2007 and June 2010 and monitored until 31 December 2012 at two healthcare centres. The event of interest was immunodeficiency-related death, which was defined based on the Coding Causes of Death in HIV Protocol (CoDe). The predictor variables were: sociodemographic characteristics, illicit drugs, tobacco, alcohol, nutritional status, antiretroviral therapy, anaemia and CD4 cell count at baseline; and treatment or chemoprophylaxis for tuberculosis (TB) during follow-up...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
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