keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sensory Processing Disorder

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629364/assessment-of-sensory-processing-and-executive-functions-in-childhood-development-reliability-and-validity-of-the-epyfei
#1
Dulce Romero-Ayuso, Sara Jorquera-Cabrera, Antonio Segura-Fragoso, Abel Toledano-González, M Carmen Rodríguez-Martínez, José Matías Triviño-Juárez
The aim of this study was to determine the psychometric properties of the "Assessment of Sensory Processing and Executive Functions in Childhood" (EPYFEI), a questionnaire designed to assess the sensory processing and executive functions of children aged between 3 and 11 years. The EPYFEI was completed by a sample of 1,732 parents of children aged between 3 and 11 years who lived in Spain. An exploratory factor analysis was conducted and showed five main factors: (1) executive attention, working memory, and initiation of actions; (2) general sensory processing; (3) emotional and behavioral self-regulation; (4) supervision, correction of actions, and problem solving; and (5) inhibitory...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628509/inhibition-in-the-amygdala-anxiety-circuitry
#2
REVIEW
Olga Babaev, Carolina Piletti Chatain, Dilja Krueger-Burg
Inhibitory neurotransmission plays a key role in anxiety disorders, as evidenced by the anxiolytic effect of the benzodiazepine class of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor agonists and the recent discovery of anxiety-associated variants in the molecular components of inhibitory synapses. Accordingly, substantial interest has focused on understanding how inhibitory neurons and synapses contribute to the circuitry underlying adaptive and pathological anxiety behaviors. A key element of the anxiety circuitry is the amygdala, which integrates information from cortical and thalamic sensory inputs to generate fear and anxiety-related behavioral outputs...
April 9, 2018: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628433/sensory-prediction-errors-are-less-modulated-by-global-context-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Judith Goris, Senne Braem, Annabel D Nijhof, Davide Rigoni, Eliane Deschrijver, Sander Van de Cruys, Jan R Wiersema, Marcel Brass
BACKGROUND: Recent predictive coding accounts of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) suggest that a key deficit in ASD concerns the inflexibility in modulating local prediction errors as a function of global top-down expectations. As a direct test of this central hypothesis, we used electroencephalography to investigate whether local prediction error processing was less modulated by global context (i.e., global stimulus frequency) in ASD. METHODS: A group of 18 adults with ASD was compared with a group of 24 typically developed adults on a well-validated hierarchical auditory oddball task in which participants listened to short sequences of either five identical sounds (local standard) or four identical sounds and a fifth deviant sound (local deviant)...
March 6, 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628065/modulating-emotion-perception-opposing-effects-of-inhibitory-and-excitatory-prefrontal-cortex-stimulation
#4
Swantje Notzon, Christian Steinberg, Peter Zwanzger, Markus Junghöfer
BACKGROUND: Excitatory repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of adult patients with treatment-resistant major depressive disorder (MDD). This stimulation is supposed to restore excitability of prefrontal cortex regions that exhibit diminished regulation of emotion-generative systems in MDD. Based on the valence lateralization hypothesis, inhibitory rTMS of the right dlPFC has also been applied in MDD...
April 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624725/narratives-in-the-immediate-aftermath-of-traumatic-injury-markers-of-ongoing-depressive-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms
#5
Jordan A Booker, Matthew E Graci, Lauren A Hudak, Tanja Jovanovic, Barbara O Rothbaum, Kerry J Ressler, Robyn Fivush, Jennifer Stevens
In this study, we considered connections between the content of immediate trauma narratives and longitudinal trajectories of negative symptoms to address questions about the timing and predictive value of collected trauma narratives. Participants (N = 68) were individuals who were admitted to the emergency department of a metropolitan hospital and provided narrative recollections of the traumatic event that brought them into the hospital that day. They were then assessed at intervals over the next 12 months for depressive and posttraumatic symptom severity...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621486/neural-circuit-mechanisms-of-social-behavior
#6
REVIEW
Patrick Chen, Weizhe Hong
We live in a world that is largely socially constructed, and we are constantly involved in and fundamentally influenced by a broad array of complex social interactions. Social behaviors among conspecifics, either conflictive or cooperative, are exhibited by all sexually reproducing animal species and are essential for the health, survival, and reproduction of animals. Conversely, impairment in social function is a prominent feature of several neuropsychiatric disorders, such as autism spectrum disorders and schizophrenia...
April 4, 2018: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617056/predictable-information-in-neural-signals-during-resting-state-is-reduced-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Alla Brodski-Guerniero, Marcus J Naumer, Vera Moliadze, Jason Chan, Heike Althen, Fernando Ferreira-Santos, Joseph T Lizier, Sabine Schlitt, Janina Kitzerow, Magdalena Schütz, Anne Langer, Jochen Kaiser, Christine M Freitag, Michael Wibral
The neurophysiological underpinnings of the nonsocial symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) which include sensory and perceptual atypicalities remain poorly understood. Well-known accounts of less dominant top-down influences and more dominant bottom-up processes compete to explain these characteristics. These accounts have been recently embedded in the popular framework of predictive coding theory. To differentiate between competing accounts, we studied altered information dynamics in ASD by quantifying predictable information in neural signals...
April 4, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616302/alterations-in-white-matter-network-topology-contribute-to-freezing-of-gait-in-parkinson-s-disease
#8
Julie M Hall, James M Shine, Kaylena A Ehgoetz Martens, Moran Gilat, Kathryn M Broadhouse, Jennifer Y Y Szeto, Courtney C Walton, Ahmed A Moustafa, Simon J G Lewis
Freezing of gait (FOG) is a common symptom in advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). Despite current advances, the neural mechanisms underpinning this disturbance remain poorly understood. To this end, we investigated the structural organisation of the white matter connectome in PD freezers and PD non-freezers. We hypothesized that freezers would show an altered network architecture, which could hinder the effective information processing that characterizes the disorder. Twenty-six freezers and twenty-four well-matched non-freezers were included in this study...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606595/-informative-predation-towards-a-new-species-concept
#9
Philippe Lherminier
We distinguish two types of predations: the predation of matter-energy equals the food chain, and the informative predation is the capture of the information brought by the sexual partners. The cell or parent consumes energy and matter to grow, multiply and produce offspring. A fixed amount of resources is divided by the number of organisms, so individual growth and numerical multiplication are limited by depletion resources of the environment. Inversely, fertilization does not destroy information, but instead produces news...
March 29, 2018: Comptes Rendus Biologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605974/what-is-the-future-of-impedance-planimetry-in-gastroenterology
#10
REVIEW
Hans Gregersen, Kar Man Lo
The gastrointestinal (GI) tract is efficient in transporting ingested material to the site of delivery in healthy subjects. A fine balance exists between peristaltic forces, the mixing and delivery of the contents, and sensory signaling. This fine balance is easily disturbed by diseases. It is mandatory to understand the pathophysiology to enhance our understanding of GI disorders. The inaccessibility and complex nervous innervation, geometry and mechanical function of the GI tract make mechanosensory evaluation difficult...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605426/translation-relevant-eeg-phenotypes-in-a-mouse-model-of-fragile-x-syndrome
#11
Jonathan W Lovelace, Iryna M Ethell, Devin K Binder, Khaleel A Razak
Identification of comparable biomarkers in humans and validated animal models will facilitate pre-clinical to clinical therapeutic pipelines to treat neurodevelopmental disorders. Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) is a leading known genetic cause of intellectual disability with symptoms that include increased anxiety, social and sensory processing deficits. Recent EEG studies in humans with FXS have identified neural oscillation deficits that include enhanced resting state gamma power and reduced inter-trial coherence of sound evoked gamma oscillations...
March 29, 2018: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601053/implications-of-information-theory-for-computational-modeling-of-schizophrenia
#12
Steven M Silverstein, Michael Wibral, William A Phillips
Information theory provides a formal framework within which information processing and its disorders can be described. However, information theory has rarely been applied to modeling aspects of the cognitive neuroscience of schizophrenia. The goal of this article is to highlight the benefits of an approach based on information theory, including its recent extensions, for understanding several disrupted neural goal functions as well as related cognitive and symptomatic phenomena in schizophrenia. We begin by demonstrating that foundational concepts from information theory-such as Shannon information, entropy, data compression, block coding, and strategies to increase the signal-to-noise ratio-can be used to provide novel understandings of cognitive impairments in schizophrenia and metrics to evaluate their integrity...
October 2017: Computational psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593595/how-does-food-taste-in-anorexia-and-bulimia-nervosa-a-protocol-for-a-quasi-experimental-cross-sectional-design-to-investigate-taste-aversion-or-increased-hedonic-valence-of-food-in-eating-disorders
#13
David Garcia-Burgos, Sabine Maglieri, Claus Vögele, Simone Munsch
Background: Despite on-going efforts to better understand dysregulated eating, the olfactory-gustatory deficits and food preferences in eating disorders (ED), and the mechanisms underlying the perception of and responses to food properties in anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) remain largely unknown; both during the course of the illness and compared to healthy populations. It is, therefore, necessary to systematically investigate the gustatory perception and hedonics of taste in patients with AN and BN...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590114/mutations-in-diphosphoinositol-pentakisphosphate-kinase-ppip5k2-are-associated-with-hearing-loss-in-human-and-mouse
#14
Rizwan Yousaf, Chunfang Gu, Zubair M Ahmed, Shaheen N Khan, Thomas B Friedman, Sheikh Riazuddin, Stephen B Shears, Saima Riazuddin
Autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing loss is a genetically heterogeneous disorder. Here, we report a severe-to-profound sensorineural hearing loss locus, DFNB100 on chromosome 5q13.2-q23.2. Exome enrichment followed by massive parallel sequencing revealed a c.2510G>A transition variant in PPIP5K2 that segregated with DFNB100-associated hearing loss in two large apparently unrelated Pakistani families. PPIP5Ks enzymes interconvert 5-IP7 and IP8, two key members of the inositol pyrophosphate (PP-IP) cell-signaling family...
March 28, 2018: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581432/maternal-deprivation-induces-alterations-in-cognitive-and-cortical-function-in-adulthood
#15
Sarine S Janetsian-Fritz, Nicholas M Timme, Aqilah M McCane, Anthony J Baucum Ii, Brian F O'Donnell, Christopher C Lapish
Early life trauma is a risk factor for a number of neuropsychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia (SZ). The current study assessed how an early life traumatic event, maternal deprivation (MD), alters cognition and brain function in rodents. Rats were maternally deprived in the early postnatal period and then recognition memory (RM) was tested in adulthood using the novel object recognition task. The expression of catechol-o-methyl transferase (COMT) and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD67) were quantified in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), ventral striatum, and temporal cortex (TC)...
March 27, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575155/atypical-audiovisual-temporal-function-in-autism-and-schizophrenia-similar-phenotype-different-cause
#16
Jean-Paul Noel, Ryan A Stevenson, Mark T Wallace
Binding across sensory modalities yields substantial perceptual benefits, including enhanced speech intelligibility. The coincidence of sensory inputs across time is a fundamental cue for this integration process. Recent work has suggested that individuals with diagnoses of Schizophrenia (SZ) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) will characterize auditory and visual events as synchronous over larger temporal disparities than their neurotypical counterparts. Namely, these clinical populations possess an enlarged temporal binding window (TBW)...
March 25, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572443/a-neuronal-basis-for-fear-discrimination-in-the-lateral-amygdala
#17
Anna Grosso, Giulia Santoni, Eugenio Manassero, Annamaria Renna, Benedetto Sacchetti
In the presence of new stimuli, it is crucial for survival to react with defensive responses in the presence of stimuli that resemble threats but also to not react with defensive behavior in response to new harmless stimuli. Here, we show that in the presence of new uncertain stimuli with sensory features that produce an ambiguous interpretation, discriminative processes engage a subset of excitatory and inhibitory neurons within the lateral amygdala (LA) that are partially different from those engaged by fear processes...
March 23, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569150/impaired-lipid-metabolism-markers-to-assess-the-risk-of-neuroinflammation-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Hanan Qasem, Laila Al-Ayadhi, Geir Bjørklund, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Afaf El-Ansary
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a multifactorial disorder caused by an interaction between environmental risk factors and a genetic background. It is characterized by impairment in communication, social interaction, repetitive behavior, and sensory processing. The etiology of ASD is still not fully understood, and the role of neuroinflammation in autism behaviors needs to be further investigated. The aim of the present study was to test the possible association between prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 (mPGES-1), prostaglandin PGE2 EP2 receptors and nuclear kappa B (NF-κB) and the severity of cognitive disorders, social impairment, and sensory dysfunction...
March 22, 2018: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560310/neural-mechanisms-underlying-successful-and-deficient-multi-component-behavior-in-early-adolescent-adhd
#19
Annet Bluschke, Krutika Gohil, Maxi Petzold, Veit Roessner, Christian Beste
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a disorder affecting cognitive control. These functions are important to achieve goals when different actions need to be executed in close succession. This type of multi-component behavior, which often further requires the processing of information from different modalities, is important for everyday activities. Yet, possible changes in neurophysiological mechanisms have not been investigated in adolescent ADHD. We examined N = 31 adolescent ADHD patients and N = 35 healthy controls (HC) in two Stop-Change experiments using either uni-modal or bi-modal stimuli to trigger stop and change processes...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556959/neurogenic-inflammation-in-fibromyalgia
#20
REVIEW
Geoffrey Littlejohn, Emma Guymer
Fibromyalgia is a high impact chronic pain disorder with a well-defined and robust clinical phenotype. Key features include widespread pain and tenderness, high levels of sleep disturbance, fatigue, cognitive dysfunction and emotional distress. Abnormal processing of pain and other sensory input occurs in the brain, spinal cord and periphery and is related to the processes of central and peripheral sensitization. As such, fibromyalgia is deemed to be one of the central sensitivity syndromes. There is increasing evidence of neurogenically derived inflammatory mechanisms occurring in the peripheral tissues, spinal cord and brain in fibromyalgia...
March 19, 2018: Seminars in Immunopathology
keyword
keyword
26711
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"