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Restorative dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145846/comparison-of-diagnostic-methods-for-early-interproximal-caries-detection-with-near-infrared-light-transillumination-an-in-vivo-study
#1
Ismail Hakki Baltacioglu, Kaan Orhan
BACKGROUND: Although numerous studies have used digital intraoral imaging, only a few studies have used photo-optical methods for the diagnosis of caries. Moreover, several limitations exist in terms of observers (experience and specialty) and the caries lesion itself. Hence, the aims of this study were to evaluate the diagnostic capability of near-infrared light transillumination (NILT) and PSP-Bitewing radiographs and to compare the interobserver and intraobserver differences in addition to observers' experience level to detect early interproximal caries lesions in vivo...
November 16, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140097/cad-cam-technologies-allowing-restorative-dentistry-to-push-the-envelope
#2
Daniel Alter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135335/retrospective-study-of-tapered-1-piece-implants-placed-over-a-10-year-period-in-a-single-private-practice
#3
John Minichetti, Joseph C D'Amore, Anna Yj Hong
Today clinicians have a variety of treatment modalities available to address the increasing number of implant procedures performed each year. Single-stage implant surgery is now commonly used in implant dentistry. With patient demands for immediate restoration, the utilization of 1-piece implants is gaining acceptance. This article reports the results of tapered 1-piece implants (Zimmer Biomet) placed in a single practice over a 10-year period. A total of 33 1-piece dental implants were placed in 24 patients and provisionally restored out of occlusion at the time of surgery...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135328/when-the-solution-becomes-a-problem-an-educational-discussion
#4
Gustavo Frainer Barbosa
Presenting patients with the opportunity to restore their smiles using dental implants, which is a reliable and widely accepted technique, is highly recommended. Therefore, a correct clinical judgment and a, consequently, dental implant treatment planning is a central component of a good practice of implant dentistry. Moreover, to the oral clinician be able to make better decisions and reach a more accurate clinical judgment, it is necessary continuing professional development being, this development, an essential professional activity for dentists that intend planning implant treatments...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133967/comparison-of-marginal-microleakage-of-flowable-composite-restorations-in-primary-canine-teeth-prepared-with-high-speed-diamond-bur-er-yag-laser-and-er-cr-ysgg-laser
#5
Beheshteh Malekafzali, Mohammad Asnaashari, Fateme Javadi
Background and Objectives: Adhesive restorations have become highly popular in pediatric dentistry, and novel methods of cavity preparation with minimal patient discomfort including Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG laser preparations have greatly advanced. This study aimed to compare the microleakage of composite restorations of class V cavities prepared in primary canine teeth with high-speed bur and Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG lasers. Materials and Methods: This in vitro study was conducted on 30 class V cavities prepared on the buccal surfaces of primary canine teeth in three groups (n = 10) of bur preparation, Er:YAG laser and Er,Cr:YSGG laser...
September 30, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116295/effect-of-ceramic-thickness-grinding-and-aging-on-the-mechanical-behavior-of-a-polycrystalline-zirconia
#6
Rodrigo Diniz Prado, Gabriel Kalil Rocha Pereira, Marco Antonio Bottino, Renata Marques de Melo, Luiz Felipe Valandro
Monolithic restorations of Y-TZP have been recommended as a restorative alternative on prosthetic dentistry as it allows a substantial reduction of ceramic thickness, which means a greater preservation of tooth structure. However, the influence of grinding and aging when using a thinner layer of the material is unclear. This investigation aimed to evaluate and compare the effects of ceramic thickness (0.5 mm and 1.0 mm), grinding and aging (low-temperature degradation) on the mechanical behavior and surface characteristics of a full-contour Y-TZP ceramic...
November 6, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099376/interdental-papilla-formation-after-diastema-closure
#7
Leticia Ferreira de Freitas Brianezzi, Bárbara Margarido Brondino, Giuliana Campo Chaves, Sérgio Kiyoshi Ishikiriama, Adilson Yoshio Furuse
Due to improvements in esthetic dentistry, the number of patients seeking to obtain a more harmonious smile has increased. A 40-year-old woman was referred for treatment because she was dissatisfied with the effect that diastemas and a conoid tooth had on her smile. Her maxillary anterior teeth were relatively short, resulting in a compromised esthetic relationship between height and width. Orthodontic treatment for better distribution of her teeth was recommended to the patient, but she refused, wanting faster and less expensive treatment...
November 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080928/clinical-long-term-success-of-contemporary-nano-filled-resin-composites-in-class-i-and-ii-restorations-cured-by-led-or-halogen-light
#8
Torsten Pflaum, Stefan Kranz, Regina Montag, Arndt Güntsch, Andrea Völpel, Robin Mills, Klaus Jandt, Bernd Sigusch
OBJECTIVES: The use of LED light-curing units (LED LCUs) for polymerising resin-based composite restorations has become widespread throughout dentistry. Unfortunately, there is a paucity of clinical longitudinal studies that evaluate the comparative efficacy of LED-based polymerisation in direct posterior composite restorations. The aim of the present study was to investigate the performance of class I and II resin composite restorations for two successful composite restorative materials cured with LED versus halogen LCUs...
October 28, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075348/physiochemical-properties-of-experimental-nano-hybrid-mta
#9
V Akhavan Zanjani, K Tabari, S M Sheikh-Al-Eslamian, A N Abrandabadi
Introduction: Development of new pulp capping agents has paved the way towards the preservation of pulp vitality, which is an important goal in restorative dentistry. This study sought to assess the calcium ion release, pH and setting of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) Angelus, an experimental formulation of nano-hybrid MTA containing nano-SiO2, nano-Al2O3 and nano-TiO2 and MTA Angelus plus nano-oxides. Methods: In this experimental study, five specimens from each material were placed in polypropylene tubes and immersed in a flask containing deionized distilled water...
July 2017: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074898/an-estimated-carbon-footprint-of-nhs-primary-dental-care-within-england-how-can-dentistry-be-more-environmentally-sustainable
#10
B Duane, M Berners Lee, S White, R Stancliffe, I Steinbach
Introduction National Health Service (NHS) England dental teams need to consider from a professional perspective how they can, along with their NHS colleagues, play their part in reducing their carbon emissions and improve the sustainability of the care they deliver. In order to help understand carbon emissions from dental services, Public Health England (PHE) commissioned a calculation and analysis of the carbon footprint of key dental procedures.Methods Secondary data analysis from Business Services Authority (BSA), Health and Social Care Information Centre (HSCIC) (now called NHS Digital, Information Services Division [ISD]), National Association of Specialist Dental Accountants (NASDA) and recent Scottish papers was undertaken using a process-based and environmental input-output analysis using industry established conversion factors...
October 27, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071037/the-impact-of-plasma-treatment-of-cercon%C3%A2-zirconia-ceramics-on-adhesion-to-resin-composite-cements-and-surface-properties
#11
Kasra Tabari, Sepanta Hosseinpour, Hossein Mohammad-Rahimi
Introduction: In recent years, the use of ceramic base zirconia is considered in dentistry for all ceramic restorations because of its chemical stability, biocompatibility, and good compressive as well as flexural strength. However, due to its chemical stability, there is a challenge with dental bonding. Several studies have been done to improve zirconia bonding but they are not reliable. The purpose of this research is to study the effect of plasma treatment on bonding strength of zirconia. Methods: In this in vitro study, 180 zirconia discs' (thickness was 0...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070162/pediatric-dentists-attitudes-perceptions-and-experience-with-the-affordable-care-act
#12
Scott B Schwartz, Jessica Y Lee, Paul S Casamassimo, Paul Reggiardo, Robin Wright, C Scott Litch
PURPOSE: Pediatric oral health benefits were designated as one of 10 Essential Health Benefits (EHB) in the Affordable Care Act. Although it provided coverage for many children, several issues prevent its success. The purpose of this study was to document experience with, attitudes toward, and perceptions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) among pediatric dentists. METHODS: The study was conducted using a survey consisting of nine multiple choice questions and one open-ended item and was distributed electronically in November 2015 to active and life members of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057586/mercury-levels-in-hair-samples-of-dentists-a-comparative-study-in-sri-lanka
#13
Lumbini A Wijesekara, Rinzee Usoof, Sachindra S T Gamage, Ruwan Jayasinghe, Nandasena Gamage, Dileep De Silva, Sagarika Ekanayake
AIM: Elemental mercury is widely used in dentistry as dental amalgam. Hair samples constitute preferred biomarkers to determine the index of mercury exposure. In the absence of any published studies, the aim of the present study was to ascertain the level of mercury in a selected sample of dentists and controls in Sri Lanka. METHODS: Hair samples (.7 g) from dentists working in and around the Colombo district in Sri Lanka (n = 50) and controls (n = 50) were digested with sulfuric acid-potassium permanganate solution, and reduced to metallic mercury with stannous chloride...
October 22, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029969/cross-year-peer-assisted-learning-using-the-inverted-flipped-classroom-design-a-pilot-study-in-dentistry
#14
Maximilian Quoß, Stefan Rüttermann, Susanne Gerhardt-Szep
BACKGROUND: The inverted classroom model (ICM) represents a special combination of online and attendance learning. The implementation of the didactic concept of "peer-assisted learning" (PAL) within an ICM design has not yet been described in the literature for the field of restorative dentistry. OBJECTIVE: It was the goal of the present study to develop an ICM offering in a cross-year PAL format (ICM-cyPAL), and then introduce and evaluate it. METHOD: The pilot project was conducted at the dental clinic at the Goethe University of Frankfurt/Main, where following its conceptual development and implementation with three consecutive cohorts of students in their first clinical semester (the sixth semester at university) the ICM-cyPAL offering was evaluated...
October 10, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027879/emerging-ethical-issues-in-restorative-dentistry
#15
John W Nicholson
This article reviews some of the merging ethical issues in restorative dentistry. This is a branch of healthcare concerned with quality of life, since retention of functioning teeth is important in allowing a healthy diet to be consumed. Yet the supply of dentists is such that, in many of the world's poorest countries, extraction is the only viable option for treating tooth decay. Available repair materials present various ethical problems. Silver amalgam is being phased out in much of the world, because of environmental concerns with mercury, yet it is cheap and reliable...
October 13, 2017: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023743/oral-health-for-an-ageing-population-the-importance-of-a-natural-dentition-in-older-adults
#16
Frauke Müller, Yoshihiro Shimazaki, Febronia Kahabuka, Martin Schimmel
Despite progress in dentistry, tooth loss in old age is still a reality, even more so in long-term-care residents. However, recent trends indicate that natural teeth are lost later in life. Functional decline and age-related pathologies have to be considered in oral health care for this vulnerable population. Retaining and restoring teeth and oral function in elders is important. Tooth loss significantly impairs masticatory performance, which cannot be fully restored by prosthodontic means. Hence an unconscious change in food intake occurs, often involving malnutrition and withdrawal from common meals...
September 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016594/application-of-ultraviolet-light-in-dental-identification-of-avalanche-victims
#17
Nitin Kumar Agrawal, Samarika Dahal, Harihar Wasti, Alistair Soon
In any disaster, it becomes important to identify the deceased for ethical, social and legal causes.Out of the numerous methods of identification, dental comparison is considered to be one of the scientific methods in a Disaster Victim Identification process. The two victims of avalanche in Nepal were identified using dental comparison. The two bodies brought for examination were unidentifiable visually. To aid identification of tooth coloured restorations, ultraviolet light was used. The ultraviolet light made the tooth coloured restorations appear distinct from the adjacent tooth structure in one of the cases...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988780/clinical-studies-in-restorative-dentistry-design-conduct-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Falk Schwendicke, Niek Opdam
OBJECTIVE: Clinical studies should be one main aspect underlying dentists' decision-making towards dental materials. Study design, conduct, analysis and reporting impact on the usefulness of studies. We discuss problems with current studies and highlight areas where improvement might be possible. METHODS: Based on systematically and non-systematically collected data, we demonstrate where and why current studies in clinical dentistry deliver less-than-optimal results...
October 5, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983535/new-adhesives-and-bonding-techniques-why-and-when
#19
Nicola Scotti, Giovanni Cavalli, Massimo Gagliani, Lorenzo Breschi
Nowadays, adhesive dentistry is a fundamental part of daily clinical work. The evolution of adhesive materials and techniques has been based on the need for simplicity in the step-by-step procedures to obtain long-lasting direct and indirect restorations. For this reason, recently introduced universal multimode adhesives represent a simple option for creating a hybrid layer, with or without the use of phosphoric acid application. However, it is important to understand the limitations of this latest generation of adhesive systems as well as how to use them on coronal and radicular dentin...
2017: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983530/ceramic-laminate-veneers-clinical-procedures-with-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#20
Marco Veneziani
Complex cases with high esthetic needs represent a challenge for clinicians. A multidisciplinary approach is vital to achieve the planned result. New technological devices are needed to facilitate the collaboration between the clinical team members and to develop a fluent and effective diagnostic and therapeutic pathway. This article describes a well-defined protocol for the treatment of complex esthetic cases with the use of ceramic laminate veneers. The protocol involves different branches of dentistry: periodontal therapy, mucogingival surgery, restorative dentistry, orthodontics, and prosthodontics...
2017: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
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