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Restorative dentistry

Stewart C Barclay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: British Dental Journal
Thomas F McDaniel, Thomas W Sigrist, Gary M Johnson
Several manufacturers produce devices designed to warm composite resins used in restorative dentistry. Previous investigators have examined the effects of heating composite restorative resins prior to placement and polymerization. Heating has been reported to reduce viscosity, improve ease of placement, enhance monomer conversion, and reduce microleakage. The aim of the present study was to compare shear bond strengths of room temperature (22°C) and prewarmed (54°C) restorative composite resin. Extracted bovine mandibular incisors were sectioned sagittally and embedded in acrylic cylinders...
March 2018: General Dentistry
Mario Ramos, Constanza E Fernández, Larry Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: General Dentistry
R Todd Watkins, Linc J Conn, Robert G Gellin, Theresa S Gonzales, Lindsey M Hamil, Monica J Cayouette, Michael G Schmidt
The analysis of dental students' clinical production/participation has been used to assess whether a prospective graduate is capable of unsupervised and independent practice (that is, competent to perform that practice). This method and others have inherent biases that may not accurately reflect whether the student has mastered the associated concepts and techniques required for dentistry. The aim of this study was to assess an informatics system that assigned curriculum meta-tags with time-based relative educational value units (ReVUs) to each clinical procedure performed by Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) students...
March 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Nicholas Marongiu
When planned and implemented appropriately, single-unit implant dentistry in the smile zone can be an excellent alternative to attempting to save a failing natural tooth. Historically, implant success has revolved around assessment of osseointegration and the healing of bone around the implant, without much regard for esthetics upon completion. As implant dentistry has evolved, the expectations of both restoring clinicians and patients have expanded to emphasize the esthetic outcome as well as faster treatment with immediate implant placement...
March 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
Byeong-Hoon Cho, Su-Jung Shin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
G L Dou, N Wu, S Y Zhao, B Xia
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the two-year outcomes of primary molars pulpotomy using mineral trioxided aggregate (MTA) and to find out the potential influence factor, with the help of electronic medical record database. METHODS: Children who received primary molars pulpotomy in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry in Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from May, 2014 to November, 2015 were searched in the Electronic Medical Record Database of Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, via the database for scientific research provided by the corporation of Kaientai...
February 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
M Grindefjord, J Persson, L Jansson, G Tsilingaridis
AIM: This was to examine healthy children and adolescents treated under general anaesthesia (GA) and a matched control group not receiving GA to compare treatment and preventive care received prior to GA treatment. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 71 healthy subjects and 213 age- and gender-matched control subjects. The treatment group had been consecutively referred from the Public Dental Health Service (PDS) in Stockholm to the Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Eastman Institute, Stockholm during 2006-2007...
February 26, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Ralph Dana, Amir Azarpazhooh, Nima Laghapour, Katie J Suda, Christopher Okunseri
Opioid analgesics and antibiotics prescribed by dentists is a useful and cost-effective measure when prescribed appropriately. Common dental conditions are best managed by extracting the offending tooth, restoring the tooth with an appropriate filling material, performing root canal therapy, and/or fabricating a prosthesis for the edentulous space. Unnecessary prescription of opioid analgesics and antibiotics to treat dental pain and bacterial infection is a growing public health concern. This article highlights the state of the literature on opioid analgesic and antibiotic prescribing practices in dentistry, the impact of opioid analgesic overdose, and prevention strategies to reduce opioid analgesics and antibiotic overprescription...
April 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
Isabella Rocchietta, Luca Ferrantino, Massimo Simion
The reconstruction of deficient alveolar ridges using vertical and/or horizontal guided bone regeneration techniques allows for ideal implant placement, which is crucial for function and also for esthetically successful outcomes. Unlike in the past, when meeting a patient's functional demands was sufficient, many patients now have greater expectations from their implant restoration. Hence, it is no longer enough simply to restore the edentulous space with a functioning tooth or teeth. It has been suggested that patients now measure their final restoration using the contralateral natural tooth as the gold standard...
February 25, 2018: Periodontology 2000
Mikako Hayashi, Tomomi Yamada, Christopher D Lynch, Nairn H F Wilson
OBJECTIVES: The teaching of posterior composites has been a major part of the curriculum in Japanese dental education for several decades. The aim of this paper was to investigate the current trends in the teaching of posterior composites to undergraduate dental students in Japan by comparing the results of surveys conducted for over 30 years. METHODS: In late 2016-early 2017, a questionnaire seeking information on the teaching of posterior composites was distributed via e-mail to the persons responsible for teaching operative dentistry in 29 dental schools having undergraduate dental degree programs in Japan...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
Ho-Beom Kwon, Young-Seok Park, Jung-Suk Han
Augmentation reality technology offers virtual information in addition to that of the real environment and thus opens new possibilities in various fields. The medical applications of augmentation reality are generally concentrated on surgery types, including neurosurgery, laparoscopic surgery and plastic surgery. Augmentation reality technology is also widely used in medical education and training. In dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery is the primary area of use, where dental implant placement and orthognathic surgery are the most frequent applications...
February 21, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
A D Anastasiou, S Strafford, C L Thomson, J Gardy, T J Edwards, M Malinowski, S A Hussain, N K Metzger, A Hassanpour, C T A Brown, A P Brown, M S Duggal, A Jha
A radical new methodology for the exogenous mineralization of hard tissues is demonstrated in the context of laser-biomaterials interaction. The proposed approach is based on the use of femtosecond pulsed lasers (fs) and Fe3+ -doped calcium phosphate minerals (specifically in this work fluorapatite powder containing Fe2 O3 nanoparticles (NP)). A layer of the synthetic powder is applied to the surface of eroded bovine enamel and is irradiated with a fs laser (1040 nm wavelength, 1 GHz repetition rate, 150 fs pulse duration and 0...
February 17, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
L Ottria, D Lauritano, M Andreasi Bassi, A Palmieri, V Candotto, A Tagliabue, L Tettamanti
Implant dentistry has become a popular restorative option in clinical practice. Titanium and titanium alloys are the gold standard for endo-osseus dental implants production, thanks to their biocompatibility, resistance to corrosion and mechanical properties. The characteristics of the titanium implant surface seem to be particularly relevant in the early phase of osseointegration. Furthermore, the microstructure of implant surface can largely influence the bone remodelling at the level of the bone-implant surface...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
L Ottria, A Palmieri, M Andreasi Bassi, D Lauritano, V Candotto, A Tagliabue, L Tettamanti
The need to restore bone loss in maxilla and mandible has led to find natural bone substitutes, such as fresh autogenous bone grafts. Fresh autogenous bone grafts (FABGs) have a remarkable capacity to induce new bone formation, a phenomenon called ‘osteoinduction.’ FABGs are useful in craniomaxillofacial and oral applications to restore bone deficiencies. The isolation of those proteins believed to be responsible for the osteoinductive activity of FABGs, namely Natural Bone Morphogenetic Proteins (NBMPs), led to a new era in bone regeneration...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Ambar W Raut, Vijay Mantri, Vaibhao I Shambharkar, Mitul Mishra
Anterior crown fractures are a common form of traumatic dental injuries that mainly affect the maxillary incisors, especially in children and adolescents. Complicated crown fractures although less common, pose a challenge to the clinician. The main objective while treating such cases is successful pain management and immediate restoration of function, esthetics and phonetics. Since the development of the adhesive dentistry, the patient's own fragment can be used to restore the fractured tooth. Reattachment of fractured tooth fragments offers a viable restorative alternative...
January 2018: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Stefen Koubi, Galip Gurel, Patrice Margossian, Richard Massihi, Herve Tassery
Treatment of tooth wear has increased over the last two decades. However, the treatments involved have not been satisfactory to most patients, nor have they achieved the expected goal on some worn teeth. New approaches have emerged to reconstruct full arches in a minimally invasive way that take advantage of developments in the field of adhesive dentistry. These new concepts constitute a revolution in dentistry and their application requires adapted techniques and training. The purpose of this article is to suggest a precise and reproducible method that simplifies the treatment of worn dentition...
March 2018: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Cácia Signori, Kauê Collares, Catarina B F Cumerlato, Marcos B Correa, Niek J M Opdam, Maximiliano S Cenci
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the validity of assessment of intraoral digital photography in the evaluation of dental restorations. METHODS: Intraoral photographs of anterior and posterior restorations were classified based on FDI criteria according to the need for intervention: no intervention, repair and replacement. Evaluations were performed by an experienced expert in restorative dentistry (gold standard evaluator) and 3 trained dentists (consensus)...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
Fahad I Alkhudhairy
To evaluate the surface roughness of 4 different bulk-fill resin-based composites cured using different irradiance levels. Methods: This in vitro study was performed in February 2017 to August 2017 at the College of Dentistry, King Saud University. Twenty-four specimens were prepared from each of the bulk-fill materials [Tetric N-Ceram (TNC), SonicFill (SF), Smart Dentin Replacement (SDR), and Filtek Bulk-Fill (FB)] using a brass metal mold, resulting in a total of 96 specimens, cured using a Bluephase N light curing unit...
February 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
I M Schüler, R Heinrich-Weltzien, M Eiselt
AIM: Analysis of the effect of individual structured and qualified feedback (FB) on practical skills development of dental students during clinical courses. METHODS: Fifty-three final-year dental students at Jena University Hospital participated in this prospective randomised controlled interventional study. Two calibrated assessors evaluated 128 pre- and post-assessments of 4 different dental treatment steps performed by dental students during the integrated clinical course in restorative dentistry and prosthodontics and the clinical course paediatric dentistry...
February 9, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
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