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PTSD & Divorce

Anna L Westermair, Anne M Stoll, Wiebke Greggersen, Kai G Kahl, Michael Hüppe, Ulrich Schweiger
Adverse childhood experiences have consistently been linked with poor mental and somatic health in adulthood. However, due to methodological restraints of the main lines of research using cumulative or selective models, little is known about the differential impact of different dimensions of adverse childhood experiences. Therefore, we gathered data from 396 psychiatric in-patients on the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) questionnaire, extracted dimensions using factor analysis and compared this dimensional model of adverse childhood experiences to cumulative and selective models...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Desiree M Seponski, Cindy J Lahar, Sareth Khann, Sovandara Kao, Tanja Schunert
BACKGROUND: Reliable population-based epidemiological data of Cambodian mental health is lacking. AIMS: This study identifies the prevalence of and factors associated with anxiety, depression and PTSD in Cambodian adults. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of Cambodian adults (N = 2690) was interviewed utilizing the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (assessment of PTSD symptoms) and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (assessment of symptoms of anxiety and depression)...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
QiQi Chen, Camilla K M Lo, Yuhong Zhu, Anne Cheung, Ko Ling Chan, Patrick Ip
The sustained increase in their use of social networking facilitates the development of adolescents but comes with the risk of cyberbullying, which creates new challenges in regard to adolescent protection. Past evidence shows that family victimization may play an essential role in the way adolescents learn cyberbullying behaviors. Yet, research on the co-occurrence of family victimization and cyberbullying is limited. This study aims to investigate the associations between cyberbullying and family victimization among adolescents, and to examine the health correlates of cyberbullying and family poly-victimization...
March 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Niveen Rizkalla, Maya Zeevi-Barkay, Steven P Segal
This study of rape crisis counselors considers whether increased exposure to victims' trauma is associated with increased supervision-believed necessary to combat trauma contagion-and whether such supervision will reduce the negative impact of such exposure. One hundred six women counselors in seven of nine rape crisis centers in Israel completed anonymous questionnaires documenting their work and trauma exposure. Trauma exposure was defined by counselors' number of victim-contact hours per week and their assessment of the trauma severity they experienced...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Daniel W Hoover, Joan Kaufman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent years have shown an uptick in studies assessing bullying and other adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This article reviews extant findings, and points to gaps in the literature. RECENT FINDINGS: Children with ASD are bullied by peers at a rate three to four times that of nondisabled peers with negative impacts on academic functioning and mental health symptoms, including increased risk for suicidality...
March 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Tambri Housen, Annick Lenglet, Cono Ariti, Showkat Shah, Helal Shah, Shabnum Ara, Kerri Viney, Simon Janes, Giovanni Pintaldi
BACKGROUND: Following the partition of India in 1947, the Kashmir Valley has been subject to continual political insecurity and ongoing conflict, the region remains highly militarised. We conducted a representative cross-sectional population-based survey of adults to estimate the prevalence and predictors of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the 10 districts of the Kashmir Valley. METHODS: Between October and December 2015, we interviewed 5519 out of 5600 invited participants, ≥18 years of age, randomly sampled using a probability proportional to size cluster sampling design...
2017: BMJ Global Health
Gulnara Slanbekova, Man Cheung Chung, Saltanat Abildina, Raikhan Sabirova, Gulzada Kapbasova, Baizhol Karipbaev
AIMS: Focusing on a group of Kazakh divorcees, this study examined the inter-relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) from past trauma, coping strategies, emotional intelligence, adjustment difficulties, and psychiatric symptom severity following divorce. METHODS: One hundred and twenty divorcees participated in the research and completed the Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire, Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale, General Health Questionnaire-28, Brief COPE, and Fisher's Divorce Adjustment Scale Results: About 29% reported no trauma; 53%, 21%, and 26% met the criteria for no-PTSD, partial-PTSD, and full-PTSD respectively...
August 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Jing Guo, Huan He, Zhiyong Qu, Xiaohua Wang, Chengbin Liu
BACKGROUND: The Wenchuan earthquake was China's worst natural disaster of the past three decades. Although the psychological sequelae of disasters can last for many years, the long-term sequelae and their risk factors tend to receive little research attention. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the present study were to estimate the prevalences of symptomalogical PTSD and depression among survivors 8 years after the Wenchuan earthquake, and to identify the shared and unshared risk factors associated with PTSD and depression, using data from a cross-sectional survey...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
Samuel S Malamba, Herbert Muyinda, Patricia M Spittal, John P Ekwaru, Noah Kiwanuka, Martin D Ogwang, Patrick Odong, Paul K Kitandwe, Achilles Katamba, Kate Jongbloed, Nelson K Sewankambo, Eugene Kinyanda, Alden Blair, Martin T Schechter
BACKGROUND: The protracted war between the Government of Uganda and the Lord's Resistance Army in Northern Uganda (1996-2006) resulted in widespread atrocities, destruction of health infrastructure and services, weakening the social and economic fabric of the affected populations, internal displacement and death. Despite grave concerns that increased spread of HIV/AIDS may be devastating to post conflict Northern Uganda, empirical epidemiological data describing the legacy of the war on HIV infection are scarce...
November 21, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Juliette M Harik, Rebecca A Matteo, Barbara A Hermann, Jessica L Hamblen
BACKGROUND: If people do not recognize posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, they may not realize they are suffering from the disorder. Likewise, if people do not know that effective treatments exist, they may be unlikely to seek care. This study examined what people with PTSD symptoms know about PTSD and its treatment. We hypothesized that military service and prior receipt of PTSD treatment would be associated with greater PTSD knowledge. METHODS: We conducted an online survey assessing knowledge in three domains: trauma, PTSD symptoms, and effective PTSD treatments...
April 2017: Depression and Anxiety
Slavica Arsova, Nensi Manusheva, Gabriela Kopacheva-Barsova, Stojan Bajraktarov
BACKGROUND: World statistical data show that a large number of individuals suffer from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after exposure to the intense traumatic event. PTSD can have a chronic course with enduring changes in the functioning of the person. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we report two adult individuals of different gender and education who were exposed to the extremely severe stressful event after which difficulties in psychological functioning developed...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Sadie E Larsen, Maria L Pacella
Experts have long debated how to define the PTSD traumatic stressor criterion. Prior research demonstrates that PTSD symptoms (PTSS) sometimes stem from events that do not meet the DSM requirements for Criterion A (e.g., divorce, bereavement, illness). This meta-analysis of 22 studies examined whether PTSS differ for DSM-congruent criterion A1 traumatic events vs. DSM-incongruent events. The overall effect was significant, albeit small, suggesting that PTSS were greater for individuals who experienced a DSM-congruent event; heterogeneity analyses also indicated further exploration...
March 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Lawrence Wang, Amber Seelig, Shelley MacDermid Wadsworth, Hope McMaster, John E Alcaraz, Nancy F Crum-Cianflone
BACKGROUND: Divorce has been linked with poor physical and mental health outcomes among civilians. Given the unique stressors experienced by U.S. service members, including lengthy and/or multiple deployments, this study aimed to examine the associations of recent divorce on health and military outcomes among a cohort of U.S. service members. METHODS: Millennium Cohort participants from the first enrollment panel, married at baseline (2001-2003), and married or divorced at follow-up (2004-2006), (N = 29,314)...
2015: BMC Psychiatry
Carey B Maslow, Kimberly Caramanica, Alice E Welch, Steven D Stellman, Robert M Brackbill, Mark R Farfel
The longitudinal course of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) over 8-9 years was examined among 16,488 rescue and recovery workers who responded to the events of September 11, 2001 (9/11) at the World Trade Center (WTC; New York, NY), and were enrolled in the World Trade Center Health Registry. Latent class growth analysis identified 5 groups of rescue and recovery workers with similar score trajectories at 3 administrations of the PTSD Checklist (PCL): low-stable (53.3%), moderate- stable (28.7%), moderate-increasing (6...
June 2015: Journal of Traumatic Stress
James Mugisha, Herbert Muyinda, Samuel Malamba, Eugene Kinyanda
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a major public health burden in conflict areas. However, it is not known for how long and by how much the observed high rates of MDD seen in conflict settings persist into the post-conflict period. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was employed seven years after the conflict in northern Uganda had ended in the three districts of Amuru, Gulu and Nwoya. RESULTS: The prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) was 24...
March 14, 2015: BMC Psychiatry
James Mugisha, Herbert Muyinda, Samuel Malamba, Eugene Kinyanda
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a major public health burden in conflict areas. However, it is not known for how long and by how much the observed high rates of MDD seen in conflict settings persist into the post-conflict period. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was employed seven years after the conflict in northern Uganda had ended in the three districts of Amuru, Gulu and Nwoya. RESULTS: The prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) was 24...
December 2015: BMC Psychiatry
Natalya Iorio, Kian Makipour, Amiya Palit, Frank K Friedenberg
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Psychosocial stressors likely play an important role in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The association between IBS and post-trau-matic stress disorder (PTSD) in non-minorities has been described. Our aim was to investigate the potential association between IBS and PTSD in an urban African American population. METHODS: Our institution maintains a longitudinal population-based survey of African Americans (AA). The survey utilizes a complex, stratified sampling design...
October 30, 2014: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
E Guillem, S Arbabzadeh-Bouchez, F Vorspan, F Bellivier
BACKGROUND: Health care seeking for a problematic use of cannabis is in progress in France. OBJECTIVES: The aim is to assess the addictive and psychiatric comorbidity in cannabis users seen in the specific setting at the Lariboisière hospital. METHOD: Two hundred and seven cannabis users were included from January 2004 to December 2009. Twelve-month and lifetime diagnosis of abuse and dependence (cannabis, alcohol, cocaine/crack) (DSM-IV), current and lifetime mood disorders, anxiety disorders, eating disorders and psychotic disorders were assessed (Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview)...
June 2015: L'Encéphale
Elena Levy Yeyati
UNLABELLED: The fact that posttraumatic stress disorder is a very important construct in public health and opinion, especially in the United States of America, has veiled it dubious specificity and problematic universality. HYPOTHESIS: the abandon of Freudian theory since 1980 was correlative of a permanent revision of criteria to define "traumatic" in DSM versions, as well as of revaluation of ancient theory of dissociation. METHOD: most meaningful changes introduced in PTSD criteria are critically reviewed from DSM-IV to DSM-5...
January 2014: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
Brighita Negrusa, Sebastian Negrusa
Since 2003, about 14 % of U.S. Army soldiers have reported symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following deployments. In this article, we examine how post-deployment symptoms of PTSD and of other mental health conditions are related to the probability of divorce among married active-duty U.S. Army soldiers. For this purpose, we combine Army administrative individual-level longitudinal data on soldiers' deployments, marital history, and sociodemographic characteristics with their self-reported post-deployment health information...
June 2014: Demography
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