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PTSD & Divorce

Slavica Arsova, Nensi Manusheva, Gabriela Kopacheva-Barsova, Stojan Bajraktarov
BACKGROUND: World statistical data show that a large number of individuals suffer from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after exposure to the intense traumatic event. PTSD can have a chronic course with enduring changes in the functioning of the person. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we report two adult individuals of different gender and education who were exposed to the extremely severe stressful event after which difficulties in psychological functioning developed...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Sadie E Larsen, Maria L Pacella
Experts have long debated how to define the PTSD traumatic stressor criterion. Prior research demonstrates that PTSD symptoms (PTSS) sometimes stem from events that do not meet the DSM requirements for Criterion A (e.g., divorce, bereavement, illness). This meta-analysis of 22 studies examined whether PTSS differ for DSM-congruent criterion A1 traumatic events vs. DSM-incongruent events. The overall effect was significant, albeit small, suggesting that PTSS were greater for individuals who experienced a DSM-congruent event; heterogeneity analyses also indicated further exploration...
March 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Lawrence Wang, Amber Seelig, Shelley MacDermid Wadsworth, Hope McMaster, John E Alcaraz, Nancy F Crum-Cianflone
BACKGROUND: Divorce has been linked with poor physical and mental health outcomes among civilians. Given the unique stressors experienced by U.S. service members, including lengthy and/or multiple deployments, this study aimed to examine the associations of recent divorce on health and military outcomes among a cohort of U.S. service members. METHODS: Millennium Cohort participants from the first enrollment panel, married at baseline (2001-2003), and married or divorced at follow-up (2004-2006), (N = 29,314)...
2015: BMC Psychiatry
Carey B Maslow, Kimberly Caramanica, Alice E Welch, Steven D Stellman, Robert M Brackbill, Mark R Farfel
The longitudinal course of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) over 8-9 years was examined among 16,488 rescue and recovery workers who responded to the events of September 11, 2001 (9/11) at the World Trade Center (WTC; New York, NY), and were enrolled in the World Trade Center Health Registry. Latent class growth analysis identified 5 groups of rescue and recovery workers with similar score trajectories at 3 administrations of the PTSD Checklist (PCL): low-stable (53.3%), moderate- stable (28.7%), moderate-increasing (6...
June 2015: Journal of Traumatic Stress
James Mugisha, Herbert Muyinda, Samuel Malamba, Eugene Kinyanda
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a major public health burden in conflict areas. However, it is not known for how long and by how much the observed high rates of MDD seen in conflict settings persist into the post-conflict period. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was employed seven years after the conflict in northern Uganda had ended in the three districts of Amuru, Gulu and Nwoya. RESULTS: The prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) was 24...
2015: BMC Psychiatry
James Mugisha, Herbert Muyinda, Samuel Malamba, Eugene Kinyanda
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a major public health burden in conflict areas. However, it is not known for how long and by how much the observed high rates of MDD seen in conflict settings persist into the post-conflict period. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was employed seven years after the conflict in northern Uganda had ended in the three districts of Amuru, Gulu and Nwoya. RESULTS: The prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) was 24...
December 2015: BMC Psychiatry
Natalya Iorio, Kian Makipour, Amiya Palit, Frank K Friedenberg
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Psychosocial stressors likely play an important role in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The association between IBS and post-trau-matic stress disorder (PTSD) in non-minorities has been described. Our aim was to investigate the potential association between IBS and PTSD in an urban African American population. METHODS: Our institution maintains a longitudinal population-based survey of African Americans (AA). The survey utilizes a complex, stratified sampling design...
October 30, 2014: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
E Guillem, S Arbabzadeh-Bouchez, F Vorspan, F Bellivier
BACKGROUND: Health care seeking for a problematic use of cannabis is in progress in France. OBJECTIVES: The aim is to assess the addictive and psychiatric comorbidity in cannabis users seen in the specific setting at the Lariboisière hospital. METHOD: Two hundred and seven cannabis users were included from January 2004 to December 2009. Twelve-month and lifetime diagnosis of abuse and dependence (cannabis, alcohol, cocaine/crack) (DSM-IV), current and lifetime mood disorders, anxiety disorders, eating disorders and psychotic disorders were assessed (Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview)...
June 2015: L'Encéphale
Elena Levy Yeyati
UNLABELLED: The fact that posttraumatic stress disorder is a very important construct in public health and opinion, especially in the United States of America, has veiled it dubious specificity and problematic universality. HYPOTHESIS: the abandon of Freudian theory since 1980 was correlative of a permanent revision of criteria to define "traumatic" in DSM versions, as well as of revaluation of ancient theory of dissociation. METHOD: most meaningful changes introduced in PTSD criteria are critically reviewed from DSM-IV to DSM-5...
January 2014: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
Brighita Negrusa, Sebastian Negrusa
Since 2003, about 14 % of U.S. Army soldiers have reported symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following deployments. In this article, we examine how post-deployment symptoms of PTSD and of other mental health conditions are related to the probability of divorce among married active-duty U.S. Army soldiers. For this purpose, we combine Army administrative individual-level longitudinal data on soldiers' deployments, marital history, and sociodemographic characteristics with their self-reported post-deployment health information...
June 2014: Demography
D L Klamen, L S Grossman, D Kopacz
To evaluate whether stresses experienced by physicians during internship are associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, the authors administered a standardized questionnaire to assess PTSD symptoms, depressive and anxiety symptoms, and social supports to 212 residents. Thirteen percent of residents met diagnostic criteria for PTSD, including 20% of the women and 9% of the men. PTSD symptoms were significantly more frequent in residents who were single or divorced at the time the questionnaire was administered...
September 1995: Academic Psychiatry
Dusica Lecic-Tosevski, Bojana Pejuskovic, Tijana Miladinovic, Oliver Toskovic, Stefan Priebe
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may develop as a serious long-term consequence of traumatic experiences, even many years after trauma exposure. The objectives of this study were to examine the prevalence of lifetime and current PTSD as well as to detect the most stressful life events and sociodemographic risk factors of PTSD in a general adult Serbian population. The sample consisted of 640 subjects chosen by random walk technique in five regions of the country. The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview 5 revealed an 18...
December 2013: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
P Kun, X Tong, Y Liu, X Pei, H Luo
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and assess determinants related to PTSD symptoms among adult earthquake survivors after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional multicluster sample surveys with data collected from four counties. METHODS: Surveys were conducted separately in four counties in Sichuan Province, with a total of 2004 respondents. Beichuan County and Dujiangyan City were damaged more severely than Yaan County and Langzhong County during the earthquake...
July 2013: Public Health
Shoba Sreenivasan, Thomas Garrick, James McGuire, Daniel E Smee, Daniel Dow, Daniel Woehl
Identifying whether there is a nexus between Iraq and Afghanistan combat injuries and civilian violence on return from deployment is complicated by differences in reactions of individuals to combat exposure, the overlapping effects of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and the low base rate of civilian violence after combat exposure. Moreover, the overall prevalence of violence among returning Iraq and Afghanistan combat war veterans has not been well documented. Malingered symptoms and either exaggeration or outright fabrication of war zone exposure are challenges to rendering forensic opinions, with the risk reduced by accessing military documents that corroborate war zone duties and exposure...
2013: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
Chesmal Siriwardhana, Anushka Adikari, Gayani Pannala, Sisira Siribaddana, Melanie Abas, Athula Sumathipala, Robert Stewart
BACKGROUND: Evidence is lacking on the mental health issues of internally displaced persons, particularly where displacement is prolonged. The COMRAID study was carried out in year 2011 as a comprehensive evaluation of Muslims in North-Western Sri Lanka who had been displaced since 1990 due to conflict, to investigate the prevalence and correlates of common mental disorders. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out among a randomly selected sample of internally displaced people who had migrated within last 20 years or were born in displacement...
2013: PloS One
Maria Ines Quintana, Sergio B Andreoli, Fernanda G Moreira, Wagner S Ribeiro, Marcelo M Feijo, Rodrigo A Bressan, Evandro S F Coutinho, Jair J Mari
OBJECTIVE: Estimate the prevalence of psychotropic drugs use in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and establish its relationship with the presence of mental disorders. METHODS: A probabilistic sample of non-institutionalized individuals, from the general population of Rio de Janeiro (n = 1208;turn out:81%), 15 years or older, who were interviewed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview 2.1 (depression, anxiety-phobia, OCD\PTSD, alcoholism sections), and asked about their psychotropic use during a 12 and one-month period before the interview...
2013: PloS One
Recent epidemiological surveys in general populations of different countries of the world found lifetime prevalence rates of major depressions between 3.3% and 17%. For dysthymia (depressed mood over a period of at least two years with at least two concomitant depressive symptoms) the prevalence rate was found to be between 2% and 7%. The prevalence rates of major depressions and dysthymia are usually higher for females than for males. Bipolar disorders can be observed in about 1% of a general population over lifetime, and they seem to be somewhat more common among males than females...
February 1, 2000: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
X Liu, X Ma, X Hu, C Qiu, Y Wang, Q Wang, W Zhang, J Zhang, T Li
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify risk factors for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and develop a risk score model for predicting PTSD in adults in a Chinese earthquake area. METHODS: Questionnaires covering demographic information, earthquake experience and social support were administered to subjects experiencing a major earthquake. The PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version questionnaire was used for PTSD diagnosis. Subjects were randomly assigned to training (70%) or validation (30%) subsets...
2012: Journal of International Medical Research
Samuel B Harvey, Stephani L Hatch, Margaret Jones, Lisa Hull, Norman Jones, Neil Greenberg, Christopher Dandeker, Nicola T Fear, Simon Wessely
Reserve and National Guard forces have been mobilized to an unprecedented degree in recent overseas conflicts. There is concern that rates of psychological problems may continue to rise for many years after deployment. The authors conducted a cohort study of 552 United Kingdom Reservists who deployed to Iraq in 2003 and 391 nondeployed Reservists. Measures of mental health and social functioning were collected a mean of 16 months and 4.8 years after return from possible deployment. At the first follow-up, deployment was associated with increased common mental disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and poor general health...
December 15, 2012: American Journal of Epidemiology
Ioana Cristina Amihaesei, O C Mungiu
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is represented by the development of characteristic symptoms, that appear following direct/indirect exposure to a traumatic event in which physical harm was threatened, witnessed or experienced. PTSD can also occur after the unexpected death of a family member or close friend, following a serious harm or threat of death or injury to a loved one, or in case of divorce or unemplyoement. It occurs in 1%-4% of the population. As neuroendocrine pattern, PTSD is characterized by abnormal low cortisol levels and higher than normal epinephrine and norepinephrine levels...
April 2012: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
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