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PTSD & Childbirth

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451072/screening-for-birth-related-ptsd-psychometric-properties-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-posttraumatic-diagnostic-scale-in-postpartum-women-in-turkey
#1
Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Susan Ayers, Louise Phillips
Background: Evidence suggests that 4% of women develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after childbirth, with a potentially negative impact on women and families. Detection of postpartum PTSD is essential but few measures have been validated in this population. Objective: This study aimed to examine psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale (PDS) to screen for birth-related PTSD among postpartum women and identify factorial structure of PTSD after birth. Method: PDS was administered to 829 postpartum women recruited from three maternity hospitals in Turkey...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443054/childbirth-induced-posttraumatic-stress-syndrome-a-systematic-review-of-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#2
REVIEW
Sharon Dekel, Caren Stuebe, Gabriella Dishy
Background: Posttraumatic stress related with the childbirth experience of full-term delivery with health outcomes has been recently documented in a growing body of studies. The magnitude of this condition and the factors that might put a woman at risk for developing childbirth-related postpartum posttraumatic stress disorder (PP-PTSD) symptoms are not fully understood. Methods: In this systematic review of 36 articles representing quantitative studies of primarily community samples, we set to examine PP-PTSD prevalence rates and associated predictors with a focus on the role of prior PTSD and time since childbirth...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412526/birth-setting-labour-experience-and-postpartum-psychological-distress
#3
Anna L MacKinnon, Lisa Yang, Nancy Feeley, Ian Gold, Barbara Hayton, Phyllis Zelkowitz
OBJECTIVE: although psychosocial risk factors have been identified for postpartum depression (PPD) and perinatal posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the role of labour- and birth-related factors remains unclear. The present investigation explored the impact of birth setting, subjective childbirth experience, and their interplay, on PPD and postpartum PTSD. METHOD: in this prospective longitudinal cohort study, three groups of women who had vaginal births at a tertiary care hospital, a birthing center, and those transferred from the birthing centre to the tertiary care hospital were compared...
March 31, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348720/the-optimum-study-emdr-therapy-in-pregnant-women-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-after-previous-childbirth-and-pregnant-women-with-fear-of-childbirth-design-of-a-multicentre-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
M A M Baas, C A I Stramrood, L M Dijksman, A de Jongh, M G van Pampus
Background: Approximately 3% of women develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after giving birth, and 7.5% of pregnant women show a pathological fear of childbirth (FoC). FoC or childbirth-related PTSD during (a subsequent) pregnancy can lead to a request for an elective caesarean section as well as adverse obstetrical and neonatal outcomes. For PTSD in general, and several subtypes of specific phobia, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy has been proven effective, but little is known about the effects of applying EMDR during pregnancy...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263726/prevalence-and-predictors-of-breastfeeding-after-childhood-abuse
#5
Meghan Eagen-Torkko, Lisa Kane Low, Ruth Zielinski, Julia S Seng
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence and predictors of breastfeeding intent and outcomes in women with histories of childhood maltreatment trauma (CMT), including those with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a prospective observational cohort study of the effects of PTSD on perinatal outcomes. SETTING: Prenatal clinics in three health systems in the Midwestern United States. PARTICIPANTS: Women older than 18 years expecting their first infants, comprising three groups: women who experienced CMT but did not have PTSD (CMT-resilient), women with a history of CMT and PTSD (CMT-PTSD), and women with no history of CMT (CMT-nonexposed)...
May 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088194/testing-a-cognitive-model-to-predict-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-following-childbirth
#6
Lydia King, Kirstie McKenzie-McHarg, Antje Horsch
BACKGROUND: One third of women describes their childbirth as traumatic and between 0.8 and 6.9% goes on to develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The cognitive model of PTSD has been shown to be applicable to a range of trauma samples. However, childbirth is qualitatively different to other trauma types and special consideration needs to be taken when applying it to this population. Previous studies have investigated some cognitive variables in isolation but no study has so far looked at all the key processes described in the cognitive model...
January 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032212/childhood-sexual-abuse-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-following-childbirth-a-path-analysis
#7
Aline Gaudard E Silva de Oliveira, Michael Eduardo Reichenheim, Claudia Leite Moraes, Louise Michele Howard, Gustavo Lobato
The aim of the study was to explore the pathways by which childhood sexual abuse (CSA), psychological and physical intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy, and other covariates relate to each other and to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in the postpartum period. The sample comprised 456 women who gave birth at a maternity service for high-risk pregnancies in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, interviewed at 6-8 weeks after birth. A path analysis was carried out to explore the postulated pathways between exposures and outcome...
December 28, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969033/the-effects-of-antenatal-education-on-fear-of-childbirth-maternal-self-efficacy-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-symptoms-following-childbirth-an-experimental-study
#8
Gözde Gökçe İsbir, Figen İnci, Hatice Önal, Pelin Dıkmen Yıldız
BACKGROUND: Fear of birth and low childbirth self-efficacy is predictive of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms following childbirth. The efficacy of antenatal education classes on fear of birth and childbirth self-efficacy has been supported; however, the effectiveness of antenatal classes on post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms after childbirth has received relatively little research attention. PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of antenatal education on fear of childbirth, maternal self-efficacy and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms following childbirth...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865585/the-prevalence-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-pregnancy-and-after-birth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Pelin Dikmen Yildiz, Susan Ayers, Louise Phillips
BACKGROUND: Previous reviews have provided preliminary insights into risk factors and possible prevalence of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) postpartum with no attempt to examine prenatal PTSD. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of PTSD during pregnancy and after birth, and the course of PTSD over this time. METHODS: PsychINFO, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science were searched using PTSD terms crossed with perinatal terms. Studies were included if they reported the prevalence of PTSD during pregnancy or after birth using a diagnostic measure...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782876/interplay-of-demographic-variables-birth-experience-and-initial-reactions-in-the-prediction-of-symptoms-of-posttraumatic-stress-one-year-after-giving-birth
#10
Julia König, Sabine Schmid, Eva Löser, Olaf Neumann, Stefan Buchholz, Ralph Kästner
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing research on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following childbirth in the last two decades. The literature on predictors of who develops posttraumatic stress symptoms (PSS) suggests that both vulnerability and birth factors have an influence, but many studies measure predictors and outcomes simultaneously. OBJECTIVE: In this context, we aimed to examine indirect and direct effects of predictors of PSS, which were measured longitudinally...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27280717/the-effect-of-maternal-death-on-the-health-of-the-husband-and-children-in-a-rural-area-of-china-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Hong Zhou, Long Zhang, Fang Ye, Hai-Jun Wang, Dale Huntington, Yanjie Huang, Anqi Wang, Shuiqing Liu, Yan Wang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of maternal death on the health of the index child, the health and educational attainment of the older children, and the mental health and quality of life of the surviving husband. METHODS: A cohort study including 183 households that experienced a maternal death matched to 346 households that experienced childbirth but not a maternal death was conducted prospectively between June 2009 and October 2011 in rural China. Data on household sociodemographic characteristics, physical and mental health were collected using a quantitative questionnaire and medical examination at baseline and follow-up surveys...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152849/internet-provided-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-following-childbirth-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Katri Nieminen, Ida Berg, Katri Frankenstein, Lina Viita, Kamilla Larsson, Ulrika Persson, Loviisa Spånberger, Anna Wretman, Kristin Silfvernagel, Gerhard Andersson, Klaas Wijma
The aim of this study was to analyse the effects of trauma-focused guided Internet-based cognitive behaviour therapy for relieving posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms following childbirth, a problem that about 3% women encounter postpartum. Following inclusion, 56 traumatized women were randomized to either treatment or to a waiting list control group. Primary outcome measures were the Traumatic Event Scale (TES) and Impact of Event Scale-Reversed (IES-R). Secondary measures were Beck depression inventory II, Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), Beck Anxiety Inventory, Quality Of Life Inventory and the EuroQol 5 Dimensions...
June 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26909720/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-after-birth-a-metaphor-analysis
#13
Cheryl Tatano Beck
PURPOSE: Nine percent of mothers screened positive for meeting the diagnostic criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) due to childbirth in a recent study of childbearing women in the United States. The purpose of this study was to analyze the language used by mothers experiencing PTSD after traumatic birth for metaphors as a rich source of insight into this mental illness for maternal-child nurses. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A secondary analysis was conducted of the corpus of 124 typed pages from the primary qualitative study of women's experiences of PTSD following traumatic childbirth...
March 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26894317/anxiety-sensitivity-among-first-time-fathers-moderates-the-relationship-between-exposure-to-stress-during-birth-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms
#14
Gadi Zerach, Ortal Magal
This longitudinal study examined posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety symptoms among men attending the birth of their first offspring. Furthermore, we examined the moderating role of anxiety sensitivity (AS) and intolerance of uncertainty in the association between exposure to stress during birth and PTSD and anxiety symptoms. Participants were Israeli men (n = 171) who were assessed with self-report questionnaires during the third trimester of pregnancy (T1) and approximately a month following birth (T2)...
May 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26878223/the-aetiology-of-post-traumatic-stress-following-childbirth-a-meta-analysis-and-theoretical-framework
#15
REVIEW
S Ayers, R Bond, S Bertullies, K Wijma
There is evidence that 3.17% of women report post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after childbirth. This meta-analysis synthesizes research on vulnerability and risk factors for birth-related PTSD and refines a diathesis-stress model of its aetiology. Systematic searches were carried out on PsycINFO, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science using PTSD terms crossed with childbirth terms. Studies were included if they reported primary research that examined factors associated with birth-related PTSD measured at least 1 month after birth...
April 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26781263/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-following-emergency-peripartum-hysterectomy
#16
Cara Z de la Cruz, Martha Coulter, Kathleen O'Rourke, Alfred K Mbah, Hamisu M Salihu
PURPOSE: Our objective was to explore if women who experience emergency peripartum hysterectomy (EPH), a type of severe maternal morbidity, are more likely to screen positive for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) compared to women who did not experience EPH. METHODS: Using a retrospective cohort design, women were sampled through online communities. Participants completed online screens for PTSD. Additionally, women provided sociodemographic, obstetric, psychiatric, and psychosocial information...
October 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26774007/predisposing-and-precipitating-factors-for-dissociation-during-labor-in-a-cohort-study-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-childbearing-outcomes
#17
Kristen R Choi, Julia S Seng
INTRODUCTION: Peritraumatic dissociation is an important predictor of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and impaired bonding following childbirth. The purpose of this study was to follow up on an earlier finding that peritraumatic dissociation in labor was associated with adverse postpartum outcomes by identifying predictors of dissociation in labor. METHODS: This analysis used data from a prospective cohort study of primiparous women from southeast Michigan...
January 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26682658/an-evidence-review-and-model-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-postpartum-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#18
Jane Vesel, Bonnie Nickasch
Postpartum posttraumatic stress disorder (P-PTSD) is a variant of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that, although relatively prevalent, is under-researched. Up to one-third of women in the United States describe childbirth as traumatic, with 9 percent of women meeting the criteria for PTSD outlined by the American Psychiatric Association. These statistics are sobering in light of common use of analgesia during birth as well as hospital birth environments promoting family-centered maternity care. How can a seemingly natural event, such as childbirth, be associated with PTSD? This review includes a description of key variables associated with P-PTSD...
December 2015: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26650423/psychiatric-outcomes-after-childbirth-can-posttraumatic-growth-protect-me-from-disordered-eating-symptoms
#19
Raphael Ayache, Sarah Benticha, Nelly Goutaudier, Henri Chabrol
PURPOSE: While many studies on mood disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following childbirth have been conducted, little is known regarding posttraumatic growth (PTG) and disordered eating in the postpartum period. This study aims to (a) identify the typology of women following childbirth based on anxiety, depressive, PTSD symptoms and level of PTG and (b) evaluate whether these profiles differ on disordered eating symptoms. METHODS: Up to 2 years after childbirth, 306 French-speaking mothers [mean age (SD) = 29...
June 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26595300/the-effects-of-expressive-writing-on-postpartum-depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Paola Di Blasio, Elena Camisasca, Simona Carla Silvia Caravita, Chiara Ionio, Luca Milani, Giovanni Giulio Valtolina
This study investigated whether an Expressive Writing intervention decreased depression and posttraumatic stress symptoms after childbirth. 113 women (M age = 31.26 yr., SD = 4.42) were assessed at Time 1 for depression (Beck Depression Inventory) and PTS (Perinatal PTSD Questionnaire) in the first days after childbirth, then randomized to either expressive writing or neutral writing conditions and reassessed at Time 2, 3 months later. The results (ANCOVAs, regression models) show that at 3 mo. depressive and posttraumatic symptoms were lower in women who performed the expressive writing task than in the neutral writing group...
December 2015: Psychological Reports
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