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Samuel B Pattle, Natasa Utjesanovic, Athena Togo, Lucy Wells, Brendan Conn, Hannah Monaghan, Elizabeth Junor, Ingolfur Johannessen, Kate Cuschieri, Simon Talbot
Squamous cell carcinomas of the hypopharynx (HPSCC) and oropharynx (OPSCC) have markedly different patient outcomes. Differences in HPV prevalence between these two patient groups may account for some of this difference, but other molecular markers of prognosis or pathological phenotype have not been established. Copy number gain of oncogenes is a well-established molecular change contributing to HNSCC development. Quantitative PCR was used to explore copy number gains of specific genes (3q - PIK3CA, TP63; 11q13...
October 17, 2016: Genes, Chromosomes & Cancer
Juliana Lasmar Ayres do Amaral, Marizeli Viana de Aragão Araújo, George Alberto da Silva Dias, Esther Iris Christina Freifrau von Ledebur, Juarez Antonio Simões Quaresma, Hellen Thais Fuzii
Cervical cancer, the second most common cancer affecting women in Northern Brazil, is strongly associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Diseases affecting the immune state of a patient, including autoimmune diseases like systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), can lead to persistent HPV infection and cancer. We evaluated cervical HPV prevalence and the associated risk factors in 70 women with SLE in the city of Belém, located in Brazilian Amazon. HPV DNA was detected by PCR using primers MY9 and MY11...
August 17, 2016: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
Van Morris, Cathy Eng
Squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal (SCCA) remains a less common gastrointestinal malignancy despite a continued increase in the annual incidence in the United States and globally. The vast majority of all cases are attributed to persistent infection and integration into host cell DNA by human papillomavirus (HPV). For patients with metastatic anal cancer, there is currently no accepted consensus standard of care. Given the viral etiology associated with the oncogenesis of this tumor, great interest exists for the development of immunotherapy as a novel approach to improving clinical outcomes for patients afflicted with this disease...
October 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Nobuyoshi Ozawa, Kiyoshi Ito, Toru Tase, Hirohito Metoki, Nobuo Yaegashi
Prevention of cervical cancer has been unsuccessful in Japan because of low rates of cancer screening and vaccination. The Vaccine Adverse Review Committee of the Japanese Government investigated 2,475 adverse events and reported 617 (6.9/100,000) severe cases and 176 (2.0/100,000) cases with chronic pain. The proactive recommendation for human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination has been suspended since June 2013. In this study, we examined vaccination rate and incidence of abnormal cervical cytology in women aged 20 to 24 years attending cancer screening in Miyagi...
2016: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Elena de Planell-Mas, Blanca Martínez-Garriga, Antonio Jesús Zalacain, Teresa Vinuesa, Miguel Viñas
INTRODUCTION: Plantar warts are caused by human papillomaviruses (HPVs) and have been associated with several HPV genotypes. However, there are few studies focused exclusively on plantar warts. In this work, we aim to identify the HPV genotypes of plantar warts and explore their relation to demographic and clinical characteristics of patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 72 patients diagnosed with plantar warts were recruited at the Laser unit at Podiatric Hospital, University of Barcelona, Spain...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
P Morbini, M Benazzo
Human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx is a well-defined entity mostly affecting young to middle-aged male non-smokers. It is generally associated with a favourable outcome, and for this reason a less intensive therapeutic approach has been proposed for this subset of patients. The incidence of HPV-associated oropharyngeal cancers is rapidly increasing in most Western countries, but detailed epidemiological data are not available for the Italian population. Furthermore, among other head and neck regions, a smaller proportion of oral high-grade dysplasia and cancers seems to depend on HPV infection, whereas its role in laryngeal cancer is recognised as less relevant...
August 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
Carolin Götz, Enken Drecoll, Melanie Straub, Oliver Bissinger, Klaus-Dietrich Wolff, Andreas Kolk
BACKGROUND: Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) are often divided by their aetiology. Noxae associated collectives are compared with the human papilloma virus (HPV)-associated group, whereas different localisations of oral (OSCC) and oropharyngeal (OPSCC) squamous cell carcinomas are mostly discussed as one single group. Our aim was to show that classification by aetiology is not appropriate for OSCC. RESULTS: HPV DNA was detected by PCR in 7 (3.47%) patients, and we identified 12 (5...
October 6, 2016: Oncotarget
Hunter K Holt, Li Zhang, Fang Hui Zhao, Shang Ying Hu, Xue Lian Zhao, Xun Zhang, Qin Jing Pan, Wen Hua Zhang, Jennifer S Smith, You Lin Qiao
As China's population ages, the importance of determining prevalence of cervical disease and accurate cervical cancer screening strategies for postmenopausal women is increasing.17 population-based studies were analyzed to determine prevalence of cervical neoplasia in postmenopausal women. All women underwent HPV DNA testing, visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA), and cytology testing. Diagnostic values for primary and combinations screening methods included sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), referral rate, and area under curve (AUC) were calculated using directed biopsy or 4 quadrants biopsy as reference standard...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Robert Makowsky, Pema Lhaki, Howard W Wiener, Madhav P Bhatta, Michael Cullen, Derek C Johnson, Rodney T Perry, Mingma Lama, Joseph F Boland, Meredith Yeager, Sarita Ghimire, Thomas R Broker, Sadeep Shrestha
OBJECTIVES/BACKGROUND: Sequence variants in HPV16 confer differences in oncogenic potential; however, to date there have not been any HPV sequence studies performed in Nepal. The objective of this study was to characterize HPV16 viral genome sequences from Nepal compared to a reference sequence in order to determine their lineages. Additionally, we sought to determine if five High-grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion (HSIL) subjects were genetically distinct from the non-HSIL subjects...
October 7, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Filip Rob, Ruth Tachezy, Tomáš Pichlík, Lukáš Rob, Zuzana Kružicová, Eva Hamšíková, Jana Šmahelová, Jana Hercogová
We conducted a cross-sectional study on the occurrence of a specific type of genital human papillomavirus (HPV) among long-term monogamous male partners of women with cervical dysplasia and genital warts. The purpose of the study was to improve knowledge with regards to the management of these couples. The presence of genital HPV-DNA was detected by PCR with broad spectrum primers followed by hybridization. 82 males met the study criteria, 41 in each group. Genital HPV-DNA prevalence was 67.5% in the genital warts group and 72...
October 9, 2016: Dermatologic Therapy
Feng Yang-Chun, Yang Jia, Huang Yan-Chun
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of cytokeratin-19 fragment (CYFRA21-1) in cervical lesions screening in high-risk hu-man papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infected women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was a retrospective study. First, the results of CYFRA21-1, cytology (TCT), and HR-HPV examinations of 1039 outpatients from gynecology department in Tumor Hospital Affiliated to Xinjiang Medical University were collected. Then, the data was analyzed using a series of statistical methods...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
Ajit Singh Rathore, Nikita Gulati, Devi Charan Shetty, Anshi Jain
BACKGROUND: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) accounts for 90% of all primary oral malignancies. Association between human papillomavirus (HPV) as a risk factor of cervical cancer is well known; there is a need to widen the knowledge for its role in oral cancer development. The viral E6 protein of HPV binds to p53 making it nonfunctional. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To study mutated/wild type p53 expression using immunohistochemistry and detect HPV-16 presence using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), in OSCC and correlating their expression...
September 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Sunila Shakya, Unni Syversen, Bjørn Olav Åsvold, Anna Mary Bofin, Guro Aune, Sven Arne Nordbø, Karishma Malla Vaidya, Biraj Man Karmacharya, Jan Egil Afset, Solveig Tingulstad
INTRODUCTION: In this study we aimed to determine the overall and type-specific prevalence of cervical human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and risk factors for such infection among women in rural Nepal, and to investigate the distribution of HPV infection by cervical cytology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted among women aged ≥ 15 years in five rural villages within Kavre District in Nepal. Socio-demographic data and information on risk factors for cervical cancer were obtained through an interview, and a cervical specimen was collected for HPV DNA detection and typing using the Anyplex(™) ll HPV28 Detection system, and for Papanicolaou test...
October 7, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Francesco Drago, Astrid Herzum, Giulia Ciccarese, Roberto Bandelloni
A high-risk population, formed by 79 consecutive male attendees of our sexually transmissible infections clinic, and who did not have any overt signs of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, were examined. Oral HPV prevalence (37%) was much higher than previously reported. Periurethral HPV-DNA was found in 49% of the patients and anal HPV-DNA was found in 43% of the patients. Considering the high prevalence of oral HPV obtained in the current study, it is important to further investigate the burden of oral HPV, not only in men who have sex with men, but also in heterosexual men and in women...
October 7, 2016: Sexual Health
Hazem Mahmoud Al-Mandeel, Emad Sagr, Khalid Sait, Hassan Mohamed Latifah, Abdulaziz Al-Obaid, Ismail A Al-Badawi, Abdulmohsen O Alkushi, Hany Salem, Nada S Massoudi, Holger Schunemann, Reem A Mustafa, Romina Brignardello-Petersen
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the third most common gynecological malignancy in Saudi women with an estimated incidence rate of 1.9 cases per 100 000 women-years. More than 40% of cervical cancer cases are diagnosed at advanced stages due to lack of a routine screening program in Saudi Arabia. Thus, national guidelines for routine screening and treatment of precancerous cervical lesions are needed. METHODS: The Saudi Centre for Evidence-Based Healthcare invited a panel of local experts and partnered them with a team from McMaster University in Canada for methodological support, to develop national clinical practice guidelines on the screening and treatment of precancerous lesions for cervical cancer...
September 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Xin Li, Yanbo Li, Li Hong
Rapid detection of tumor-associated DNA such as Human Papillomavirus (HPV) has important clinical value for the early screening of tumors. By attaching oligonucleotides or cDNA onto the chip surface, DNA chip technology provides a rapid method to analyze gene expression. However, challenges remain regarding increasing probe density and improving detection time. To address these challenges, we proposed a DNA chip that was self-assembled from single stranded DNA in combination with high probe density and a rapid detection method...
2016: PloS One
Ekaterina Dimitrova Bojilova, Christine Weyn, Marie-Hélène Antoine, Véronique Fontaine
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) have been shown to render HPV-carrying cells susceptible to intrinsic and extrinsic apoptotic signals. As such, these epigenetic drugs have entered clinical trials in the effort to treat cervical cancer. Here, we studied the effect of common HDACi, with an emphasis on Trichostatin A (TSA), on the transcriptional activity of the HPV-16 Long Control Region (LCR) in order to better understand the impact of these agents in the context of the HPV life cycle and infection. HDACi strongly induced transcription of the firefly luciferase reporter gene under the control of the HPV-16 LCR in a variety of cell lines...
September 26, 2016: Oncotarget
Marsha DeSmet, Sriramana Kanginakudru, Anne Rietz, Wai-Hong Wu, Richard Roden, Elliot J Androphy
The origin recognition complex (ORC) coordinates a series of events that lead to initiation of DNA strand duplication. As a nuclear double stranded DNA plasmid, the papillomavirus (PV) genome resembles a mini-chromosome in infected cells. To initiate its replication, the viral E2 protein binds to and recruits the E1 DNA helicase at the viral origin. PV genome replication program exhibits three stages: initial amplification from a single genome upon infection to a few copies per cell, a cell cycle linked maintenance phase, and a differentiation dependent late stage where the genome is amplified to thousands of copies...
October 2016: PLoS Pathogens
Jochen Hess
Infection with high-risk types of the human papilloma virus (HPV) is an etiological risk factor for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) and associated with a better response to therapy and improved survival. A better understanding of the molecular principles underlying the differences in clinical behavior could pave the way to establish more effective and less toxic therapy for HPV-positive OPSCC and their HPV-negative counterparts. Compelling experimental evidence demonstrates that extensive global reprogramming of epigenetic profiles is as important as genetic mutations during neoplastic transformation and malignant progression, including HPV-positive OPSCC...
2017: Recent Results in Cancer Research
Gunnar Wichmann
The human papillomavirus (HPV) comprises a heterogeneous group of double-strand DNA viruses with variable potential to infect human epithelial cells and trigger neoplastic transformation. Its 8 kb genome encodes proteins required for virus replication and self-organized formation of infectious particles but also for early proteins E6 and E7 able to trigger neoplastic transformation. E6 and E7 of high-risk (HR) HPV subtypes can bind to p53 or release E2F and abrogate replication control. Due to variable amino acid sequence (AAS) in the binding sites of E6 and E7 particular HR-HPV variants within subtypes are essentially heterogeneous in efficacy triggering neoplastic transformation and cancer development...
2017: Recent Results in Cancer Research
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