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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935633/nodular-presentation-of-dirofilaria-repens-infection-in-a-cat-mimicking-a-fibrosarcoma
#1
Simone Manzocchi, Matthias Lendner, Eleonora Piseddu, Valeria Sebastiani, Simona Morabito, Arwid Daugschies, Nikola Pantchev
A cat with multiple subcutaneous nodules suggesting a soft tissue sarcoma by physical and computed tomographic examination was diagnosed as being affected by subcutaneous filariosis based on cytologic and ultrasonographic assessments. Nodules were surgically removed and extracted nematodes were identified by PCR as Dirofilaria repens. Furthermore, DNA of Dipetalonema dracunculoides (syn. Acantocheilonema dracunculoides) was detected by PCR, with no evidence of circulating microfilariae. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this represents the first report describing adults of D repens in multiple subcutaneous nodules in a cat...
December 9, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935234/analysis-of-antioxidative-factors-related-to-amd-risk-development-in-the-polish-patients
#2
Malgorzata Mrowicka, Jerzy Mrowicki, Jacek Pawel Szaflik, Marta Szaflik, Magdalena Ulinska, Jerzy Szaflik, Ireneusz Majsterek
PURPOSE: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a major cause of blindness in developed countries. Oxidative mechanisms may play a key role in the aetiology of AMD. The main aim of this study was to investigate antioxidative markers in the pathogenesis of AMD. METHODS: A total of 510 subjects including 240 patients with AMD (mean age 77.9 ± 8.5 year) and 270 controls (mean age 74.0 ± 10.4 year) were allowed in this study. We measured activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and examined their association with the SNPs of respective genes (SOD1 + 35A/C, CAT C-262T and GPx Pro197Leu)...
December 9, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935208/antioxidant-properties-of-coenzyme-q10-pretreated-mouse-pre-antral-follicles-derived-from-vitrified-ovaries
#3
Elmira Hosseinzadeh, Saeed Zavareh, Taghi Lashkarbolouki
AIM: This study evaluated the antioxidant status of pre-antral follicles derived from vitrified ovaries pretreated with coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10). METHODS: Mouse pre-antral follicles derived from fresh and vitrified warmed ovarian tissue were cultured with or without CoQ10 (50 μmol/L). Follicular growth, total antioxidant capacity (TAC), malondialdehyde (MDA) level, and superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), and catalase (CAT) activity during cultivation were assessed...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935073/no-accumulation-alleviates-h2-o2-dependent-oxidative-damage-induced-by-ca-no3-2-stress-in-the-leaves-of-pumpkin-grafted-cucumber-seedlings
#4
Lin Li, Sheng Shu, Qing Xu, Ya-Hong An, Jin Sun, Shi-Rong Guo
Nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ), two important signalling molecules, are stimulated in plants by abiotic stresses. In this study, we investigated the role of NO and its interplay with H2 O2 in the response of self-grafted and salt-tolerant pumpkin-grafted (Cucurbita maxima × C. moschata) cucumber seedlings to 80 mM Ca(NO3 )2 stress. Endogenous NO and H2 O2 production in self-grafted seedlings increased in a time-dependent manner, reaching maximum levels after 24 h of Ca(NO3 )2 stress. In contrast, a transient increase in NO production, accompanied by H2 O2 accumulation, was observed at 2 h in rootstock-grafted plants...
December 9, 2016: Physiologia Plantarum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934622/-antibioticscout-online-tool-for-antimicrobial-stewardship-in-veterinary-medicine
#5
R Peter, C Müntener, D Demuth, D Heim, M Mevissen, G Schüpbach-Regula, S Schuller, F Stucki, B Willi, H Naegeli
Resistances to antimicrobials pose serious public health challenges. This issue concerns both human and veterinary medicine and can only be solved by a multidisciplinary approach. A comprehensive concept is, therefore, being worked out within the StAR (strategy antibiotic resistance) program in order to preserve the effectiveness of antibiotics for humans as well as animals. In this context, the AntibioticScout (www.AntibioticScout. ch) offers a new online tool for the prudent use of antibiotics in veterinary medicine...
December 2016: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934291/antiprotozoal-effects-of-the-tomato-tetrasaccharide-glycoalkaloid-tomatine-and-the-aglycone-tomatidine-on-mucosal-trichomonads
#6
Jenny Liu, Sierra Kanetake, Yun-Hsuan Wu, Christina Tam, Luisa W Cheng, Kirkwood M Land, Mendel Friedman
The present study investigated the inhibitory effects of the commercial tetrasaccharide tomato glycoalkaloid tomatine and the aglycone tomatidine on three mucosal pathogenic protozoa that are reported to infect humans, cattle, and cats, respectively: Trichomonas vaginalis strain G3, Tritrichomonas foetus strain D1, and Tritrichomonas foetus strain C1. A preliminary screen showed that tomatine at 100 μM concentration completely inhibited the growth of all three trichomonads. In contrast, the inhibition of all three pathogens by tomatidine was much lower, suggesting the involvement of the lycotetraose carbohydrate side chain in the mechanism of inhibition...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933665/detection-of-dna-sequences-from-a-novel-papillomavirus-in-a-feline-basal-cell-carcinoma
#7
John S Munday, Adrienne French, Neroli Thomson
BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) are uncommon feline skin neoplasms of uncertain cause. CASE: A 14-year-old Abyssinian cat developed a soft dermal nodule on the dorsal thorax. This mass grew slowly over a six month period before being surgically excised. METHODS AND RESULTS: Histology revealed a BCC. Additionally, changes suggestive of an early Bowenoid in situ carcinoma (BISC) were present in the overlying epidermis. Both the BCC and the BISC contained papillomavirus-induced cell changes and prominent basophilic intracytoplasmic bodies...
December 8, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933254/characterization-of-a-novel-hatching-enzyme-purified-from-starfish-asterina-pectinifera
#8
Ji Hoon Choi, Sang Moo Kim
Hatching enzyme is a protease which can degrade the membrane of egg. In this study, a hatching enzyme was purified from starfish (Asterina pectinifera) with 6.34 fold of purification rate, 5.04 % of yield, and 73.87 U/mg of specific activity. The molecular weight of starfish hatching enzyme was 86 kDa, which was reduced to 62 kDa after removal of N-linked oligosaccharides. The optimal pH and temperature of the hatching enzyme activity were pH 7.0 and 40 °C, respectively, while those of stability were pH 8 and 20 °C...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932783/notes-from-the-field-plague-in-domestic-cats-idaho-2016
#9
Ahmed M Kassem, Leslie Tengelsen, Brandon Atkins, Kimberly Link, Mike Taylor, Erin Peterson, Ashley Machado, Kris Carter, Scott Hutton, Kathryn Turner, Christine Hahn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932297/dynamic-self-organisation-of-haematopoiesis-and-a-symmetric-cell-division
#10
Marthe Måløy, Frode Måløy, Per Jakobsen, Bjørn Olav Brandsdal
A model of haematopoiesis that links self-organisation with symmetric and asymmetric cell division is presented in this paper. It is assumed that all cell divisions are completely random events, and that the daughter cells resulting from symmetric and asymmetric stem cell divisions are, in general, phenotypically identical, and still, the haematopoietic system has the flexibility to self-renew, produce mature cells by differentiation, and regenerate undifferentiated and differentiated cells when necessary, due to self-organisation...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931714/host-plant-growth-promotion-and-cadmium-detoxification-in-solanum-nigrum-mediated-by-endophytic-fungi
#11
Abdur Rahim Khan, Ihsan Ullah, Muhammad Waqas, Gun-Seok Park, Abdul Latif Khan, Sung-Jun Hong, Rehman Ullah, Byung Kwon Jung, Chang Eon Park, Shafiq Ur-Rehman, In-Jung Lee, Jae-Ho Shin
Current investigation conducted to evaluate the associated fungal endophyte interactions of a Cd hyper-accumulator Solanum nigrum Korean ecotype under varying concentrations of Cd. Two indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) producing fungal strains, RSF-4L and RSF-6L, isolated from the leaves of S. nigrum, were initially screened for Cd tolerance and accumulation potential. In terms of dry biomass production, the strain RSF-6L showed higher tolerance and accumulation capacity for Cd toxicity in comparison to RSF-4L. Therefore, RSF-6L was applied in vivo to S...
February 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931150/in-vitro-synergism-of-a-water-insoluble-fraction-of-uncaria-tomentosa-combined-with-fluconazole-and-terbinafine-against-resistant-non-candida-albicans-isolates
#12
Renata Cougo Moraes, Anderson Ramos Carvalho, Aline Jacobi Dalla Lana, Samuel Kaiser, Bruna Pippi, Alexandre Meneghello Fuentefria, George González Ortega
CONTEXT: Uncaria tomentosa D.C. (Rubiaceae) has several biological activities, including activity against resistant Candida strains. The synergistic interaction with terbinafine or fluconazole can be an important alternative to overcome this resistance. OBJECTIVES: The potential synergy between a water insoluble fraction (WIF) from Uncaria tomentosa bark and the antifungals terbinafine (TRB) and fluconazole (FLZ) against non-Candida albicans resistant strains was investigated...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930976/nephro-protective-effect-of-a-novel-formulation-of-unopened-coconut-inflorescence-sap-powder-on-gentamicin-induced-renal-damage-by-modulating-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-markers
#13
Svenia P Jose, Asha S, Krishnakumar Im, Ratheesh M, Savitha Santhosh, Sandya S, Girish Kumar B, Pramod C
Fresh oyster white translucent sap obtained from the tender unopened inflorescence of coconut trees (Cocos nucifera) is identified to have great health benefits. Drug induced Nephrotoxicity is one of the major causes of renal damage in present generation. As a therapeutic agent, gentamicin imparts direct toxicity to kidney, resulting in acute tubular necrosis, glomerular and tubulointerstitial injury, haemodynamically mediated damage and obstructive nephropathy.There exists an increasing demand for safe and natural agents for the treatment and/or preventionofchronic nephrotoxicity and pathogenesis of kidney diseases...
December 5, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930713/detecting-methemoglobinemia-in-animals-with-a-drop-of-blood
#14
Toni G Patton, Stephen L Blamer, Katherine E Horak
A major concern during pesticide development and use is the impact on non-target species, such as raptors or domestic cats and dogs. Sodium nitrite and para-aminopropiophenone (PAPP) are two toxicants currently being studied for the control of invasive species, such as starlings and feral swine. When given to an animal these compounds oxidize hemoglobin, which renders it unable to carry oxygen resulting in methemoglobinemia. This study developed a method to estimate methemoglobin levels in mammals and birds by examining the efficacy of sodium nitrite to induce the conversion of hemoglobin to methemoglobin...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930691/vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-receptor-2-polymorphisms-have-protective-effect-against-the-development-of-tendinopathy-in-volleyball-athletes
#15
José Inácio Salles, Maria Eugenia Leite Duarte, João Matheus Guimarães, Lucas Rafael Lopes, Jessica Vilarinho Cardoso, Diego Pinheiro Aguiar, João Olyntho Machado Neto, Daniel Escorsim Machado, Jamila Alessandra Perini
The aim of the study was to investigate whether genetic variants in VEGF and KDR genes can be correlated with susceptibility of tendinopathy in volleyball athletes. This study was conducted at the Brazilian Volleyball Federation, and comprised 179 volleyball athletes: 88 had a confirmed diagnosis of tendinopathy (cases), whereas 91 had no evidence of the disease (controls). The VEGF (-2578C>A, -460T>C and +936C>T) and KDR (-604C>T, 1192G>A and 1719T>A) polymorphisms were determined by TaqMan real-time polymerase chain reaction...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929279/pet-related-infections
#16
Michael J Day
Physicians and veterinarians have many opportunities to partner in promoting the well-being of people and their pets, especially by addressing zoonotic diseases that may be transmitted between a pet and a human family member. Common cutaneous pet-acquired zoonoses are dermatophytosis (ringworm) and sarcoptic mange (scabies), which are both readily treated. Toxoplasmosis can be acquired from exposure to cat feces, but appropriate hygienic measures can minimize the risk to pregnant women. Persons who work with animals are at increased risk of acquiring bartonellosis (e...
November 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928763/rationality-perception-and-the-all-seeing-eye
#17
Teppo Felin, Jan Koenderink, Joachim I Krueger
Seeing-perception and vision-is implicitly the fundamental building block of the literature on rationality and cognition. Herbert Simon and Daniel Kahneman's arguments against the omniscience of economic agents-and the concept of bounded rationality-depend critically on a particular view of the nature of perception and vision. We propose that this framework of rationality merely replaces economic omniscience with perceptual omniscience. We show how the cognitive and social sciences feature a pervasive but problematic meta-assumption that is characterized by an "all-seeing eye...
December 7, 2016: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928694/effect-of-rutin-against-a-mitochondrial-toxin-3-nitropropionicacid-induced-biochemical-behavioral-and-histological-alterations-a-pilot-study-on-huntington-s-disease-model-in-rats
#18
Sarumani Natarajan Suganya, Thangarajan Sumathi
Dietary compounds like flavonoids may offer protection against neurodegeneration. Huntington's disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by symptoms like chorea and dementia. 3-Nitropropionic acid (3-NP), a Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) inhibitor produces behavioral, biochemical and histological changes in the striatum, mimics HD in animals and humans. The present study was designed to examine the protective activity of Rutin (RT), a primary flavonoid from citrus fruits, green tea on 3-NP induced experimental model of HD in rats...
December 8, 2016: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928519/antimicrobial-susceptibility-and-minimal-inhibitory-concentration-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-isolated-from-septic-ocular-surface-disease-in-different-animal-species
#19
L Leigue, F Montiani-Ferreira, B A Moore
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antibiotic susceptibility profile of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from different animal species with septic ocular surface disease. Sixteen strains of P. aeruginosa were isolated from different species of animals (dog, cat, horse, penguin and brown bear) with ocular surface diseases such as conjunctivitis, keratocojnuctivits sicca and ulcerative keratitis. These isolates were tested against 11 different antimicrobials agents using the Kirby-Bauer disk-diffusion method...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928175/survey-of-ontario-veterinarians-knowledge-and-attitudes-on-pain-in-dogs-and-cats-in-2012
#20
Adam Beswick, Cate Dewey, Ron Johnson, James Dowsett-Cooper, Lee Niel
Appropriate management of animal pain is a critical component of optimal animal welfare in small animal veterinary clinics. An online convenience survey was used to examine the knowledge and attitudes of practicing veterinarians in Ontario about pain in dogs (n = 100) and cats (n = 139). Veterinarian participants showed strong agreement with the need for appropriate animal pain relief, and low agreement with lack of analgesic use due to cost or side effects. All of the surgical procedures included in the survey were ranked as being moderately to highly painful, but female veterinarians had higher median rankings...
December 2016: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
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