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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540898/assessment-of-quality-of-life-in-children-with-nephrotic-syndrome-at-a-teaching-hospital-in-south-india
#1
Sonia Agrawal, Sriram Krishnamurthy, Bijaya Nanda Naik
This study was conducted to assess the quality of life (QOL) in children between 2 and 18 years of age with primary idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (NS) using Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales). This cross-sectional comparative study was conducted at a tertiary care hospital in South India between December 2014 and February 2015. In this questionnaire-based study, 50 children with primary idiopathic NS and an equal number of age-matched controls with other chronic ailments were recruited...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530057/-hansen-s-disease-in-israel
#2
REVIEW
Leon Gilead, Ruth Wexler
Hansen's disease (HD) is an anthropophylic, infectious, chronic disease, caused by Mycobacterium leprae. The systemic disease, affecting both males and females at any age, involves mainly the skin and the peripheral nerves located in the limbs close to the skin. Traditionally the treatment of HD patients was entrusted to dermatologists. Current drug therapy given at an early stage can prevent many of the complications, and enables patients to go on with life. In 95% of the population there is an innate immunity, which following exposure, enables the development of an effective immune response preventing the development of overt clinical disease...
October 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520996/epidemiology-of-travellers-diarrhea
#3
Robert Steffen
Background: Travellers' diarrhea (TD) continues to be the most frequent health problem in travellers with destinations in lower income parts of the world as compared with where they reside, even if that risk has slightly decreased. Methods: A systematic review was published 18 months ago; now PubMed was searched for more recent publications relating to travel, diarrhea, epidemiology, incidence, risk. Results: A trend to decreasing incidence rates have been noted in this as compared with the last century, but TD remains frequent...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511366/gender-linked-metric-analysis-of-portal-vein-a-sonographic-appraisal
#4
Shikha Singh, Arvind Kumar Pankaj, Anita Rani, Pradeep Kumar Sharma, Puja Chauhan
INTRODUCTION: Portal hypertension is one of the most mystifying and disconcerting abdominal ailment. Ultrasonography (USG) is an effective diagnostic tool for its prompt management. Knowledge of normal calibre of portal vein in a local setting is essential as literature reports contrasting values in different regions. It helps in early diagnosis of portal hypertension even before it is clinically manifested thereby assisting clinicians and interventional radiologists in pertinent management...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501003/phytochemicals-for-taming-agitated-immune-endocrine-neural-axis
#5
REVIEW
Seema Patel
Homeostasis of immune-endocrine-neural axis is paramount for human health. If this axis gets agitated due to age, genetic variations, environmental exposures or lifestyle assaults, a cascade of adverse reactions occurs in human body. Cytokines, hormones and neurotransmitters, the effector molecules of this axis behave erratically, leading to a gamut of neural, endocrine, autoimmune, and metabolic diseases. Current panel of drugs can tackle some of them but not in a sustainable, benign way as a myriad of side effects, causal of them have been documented...
May 10, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484674/identification-of-demographic-factors-and-health-problems-that-affect-the-acceptance-of-disease-and-health-behaviors-of-patients-with-osteoarthritis
#6
Matylda Sierakowska, Izabela Wysocka-Skurska, Wojciech Kułak
INTRODUCTION: Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common causes of musculoskeletal system's ailments. In the prevention of the disease and in its comprehensive treatment, proper health-related behavior becomes an extremely important factor for maintaining an optimal health condition. The aim of the study is to assess the relationship between the reported pain and the disability level, and the health-related behaviors undertaken by OA patients as well as their acceptance of the disease...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460651/transcatheter-closure-of-the-patent-foramen-ovale-in-children-intermediate-term-follow-up-results
#7
Kutay Sel, Hakan H Aykan, Derya Duman, Ebru Aypar, Süheyla Özkutlu, Dursun Alehan, Tevfik Karagöz
The patent foramen ovale is almost a normal anatomical hole between the atria with ~30% incidence in the general population. It has been suggested that the patent foramen ovale is the cause of some neurological events, which is explained by paradoxical embolism. Transcatheter closure of the patent foramen ovale is a common procedure in adult patients with cerebral ischaemic events, but there are limited data investigating the results in children. Between January, 2005 and February, 2014, 17 patients' patent foramen ovales were closed by the transcatheter approach in our department...
May 2, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442807/epidemiology-and-clinico-investigative-study-of-organisms-causing-vaginal-discharge
#8
Swetha Venugopal, Kannan Gopalan, Asha Devi, A Kavitha
BACKGROUND: Abnormal vaginal discharge is a common clinical problem in reproductive age group. It is the second most common problem after abnormal uterine bleeding. It is a neglected health problem, most commonly caused due to vulvovaginal candidiasis, trichomoniasis, and bacterial vaginosis (BV). OBJECTIVES: The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence of common organisms causing vaginal discharge and also to know the variety of clinical presentation...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411576/a-population-based-study-of-premorbid-scholastic-achievement-among-patients-with-psychiatric-disorders
#9
Vardit Zerem Ullman, Tzipi Hornik-Lurie, Abraham Reichenberg
Population-based studies of premorbid cognitive functioning in schizophrenia have found verbal deficits and low IQ scores. It remains unclear, however, whether premorbid deficits are specific to schizophrenia, compared with other psychiatric disorders. Moreover, studies using school-based measures are few and their results inconsistent. This study assesses the eighth-grade (ages 13-14; n=11, 418) scholastic performance of adults with psychiatric disorders (n=194, 1.7, particularly with schizophrenia (n=86, 0...
April 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380067/does-tai-chi-relieve-fatigue-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
Yu Xiang, Liming Lu, Xiankun Chen, Zehuai Wen
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is not only a familiar symptom in our daily lives, but also a common ailment that affects all of our bodily systems. Several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have proven Tai Chi to be beneficial for patients suffering from fatigue, however conclusive evidence is still lacking. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed on all RCTs reporting the effects of Tai Chi for fatigue. METHODS: In the end of April 2016, seven electronic databases were searched for RCTs involving Tai Chi for fatigue...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379126/-community-acquired-urinary-tract-infections-in-older-adults
#11
Alberto Francisco Leoni, Aida Monterisi, Paula G Acuña
Background Community acquired urinary tract infections (caUTI) in adults are common ailments. Older adults are prone to infectious diseases, diagnosis can be difficult, their etiologic and antimicrobial resistance are poorly known. Objectives To evaluate the incidence discriminated by sex, symptoms, and to determine pathogens and their antimicrobial resistance rate. Methods A retrospective, descriptive and comparative study. We analyze uricultures among 2013 in the Hospital Nacional de Clinicas (Córdoba-Argentina)...
2017: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378081/laparoscopy-assisted-distal-gastrectomy-is-feasible-also-for-elderly-patients-aged-80-years-and-over-effectiveness-and-long-term-prognosis
#12
Motohira Yoshida, Shigehiro Koga, Kei Ishimaru, Yuji Yamamoto, Yusuke Matsuno, Satoshi Akita, Jun Kuwabara, Kazufumi Tanigawa, Yuji Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients usually have concurrent ailments, and the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) for these patients have been controversial. This study aimed to evaluate whether laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy is safe and effective for elderly patients aged 80 years and over, as well as to clarify their long-term prognosis. METHODS: A total of 31 patients aged 80 years and over who underwent LADG in our hospital were retrospectively reviewed...
April 4, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375088/effect-of-viscum-schimperi-on-advanced-glycation-endproducts-formation
#13
Hossam Mohamed Abdallah, Doha Omar ALGhamdi, Maab Siddiq Al-Salem, Maryam Alattas, Hany Mohamed El-Bassossy, Abdulrahman Mohammed Alahdal
Diabetes is a disease characterized by elevated uncontrolled glucose level. Hyperglycemia results in diabetic complication due to a reaction between sugar and amino acid of proteins to form advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) in different tissues. Medicinal plants are considered as a great source of bioactive compounds that affect many ailments. In this regard; AGEs formation could be inhibited by many bioactive compounds isolated from medicinal plants. Viscum schimperi Engl. is a plant belongs to Loranthaceae and known for its antidiabetic activity...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369843/the-effect-of-skin-moisture-ph-and-temperature-on-the-density-of-demodex-folliculorum-and-demodex-brevis-acari-demodicidae-in-students-and-staff-of-the-erzincan-university-turkey
#14
Erhan Zeytun, Engin Tilki, Salih Doğan, Kosta Yani Mumcuoğlu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and density of Demodex folliculorum and Demodex brevis in students and staff of the Erzincan University, Turkey, and to define the influence of age, gender, educational level, and hygiene as well as skin moisture, pH, and temperature on the presence of Demodex mites. METHODS: Healthy people without apparent facial dermatoses from nine faculties and five vocational schools of the university were included in the study...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364317/herbal-use-and-medical-pluralism-among-latinos-in-southern-california
#15
Nipher M Malika, Arti K Desai, Juan Carlos Belliard
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is often used alongside conventional medical care, yet few patients disclose CAM use to medical doctors. Our objectives were to (1) assess Latino herbal use, (2) explore the most commonly used herbs for common ailments, and (3) examine patients' disclosure of herb use to their physicians. Self-administered questionnaires were collected from 318 Latino patients seeking treatment at community health centers. Descriptive statistical analysis was conducted to determine the frequency of stated objectives among the participants...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360887/oxidative-stress-function-in-women-over-40%C3%A2-years-of-age-considering-their-lifestyle
#16
Maria Paula Gonçalves Mota, Zirlene Santos, Jorge Soares, Ana Pereira, Sandra Fonseca, Francisco Peixoto, Isabel Gaivão, Maria Oliveira
Aging is dependent on biological processes that determine the aging of the organism at the cellular level. The Oxidative Stress Theory of Aging might explain some of the age-related changes in cell macromolecules. Moreover, exposome and lifestyle may also induce changes in cell damage induced by oxidative stress. The aim of the present study was to analyze the related redox changes in lymphocyte function of healthy women over 40 years old. Three groups: younger (YG: 40-49 years), middle aged (MAG: 50-59 years), and older (OG: ≥60 years) were evaluated on anthropometric variables, blood pressure, cardiovascular fitness, lifestyle habits, perceived stress, DNA damage, malondialdehyde, catalase activity, and total antioxidant capacity...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348993/profile-of-elderly-attending-a-general-practice-clinic-in-a-poor-urban-area-a-cross-sectional-study-from-south-india
#17
Dimple Madhukar Jamkhandi, Sara Bhattacharji
INTRODUCTION: In India, the number of elderly is steadily increasing and is likely to reach 301 million by 2051. The increasing number and proportion of elderly will have a direct impact on the demand for health and pension services. As per the Demography of Indian Aging (Rajan et al.), information on morbidity profile of this population is essential to plan health-care facilities. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was designed to study the morbidity profile of 100 elderly persons reporting to the outpatient clinic of a family practice unit of a tertiary care center in South India between June 2008 and May 2010...
October 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300712/flow-liver-flow-a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-interplay-of-liver-disease-and-coagulopathy-in-chronic-subdural-hematoma
#18
John Paul George Kolcun, Joanna Elizabeth Gernsback, Angela Mae Richardson, Jonathan Russell Jagid
BACKGROUND: Chronic subdural hematoma (cSDH) is a common neurosurgical ailment, particularly in the elderly. A recent study uncovered an association between liver disease and recurrence in cSDH patients. Here, we explore that relationship to identify recurrence predictors in at-risk patients. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that the association between liver disease and recurrence was due to coagulopathy secondary to liver disease. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all cSDH patients treated with burr-hole drainage by two surgeons between 2007-2015...
March 11, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285775/the-certainty-in-consumers-willingness-to-accept-pharmacist-provided-medication-therapy-management-services
#19
Lawrence M Brown, Mohamed E Rashrash, Jon C Schommer
OBJECTIVES: To describe consumers' willingness to accept medication therapy management (MTM) services provided by a pharmacist. DESIGN: Cross-sectional Internet survey included questions about willingness to use 11 components of MTM services. PARTICIPANTS: The data of 8352 United States' adults who were on 3 or more medications were obtained from the 2015 National Consumer Survey on the Medication Experience and Pharmacists' Roles, which included 26,173 respondents...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244840/dance-therapy-a-new-approach-to-minimising-the-impact-of-ailments-caused-by-old-age
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
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