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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411576/a-population-based-study-of-premorbid-scholastic-achievement-among-patients-with-psychiatric-disorders
#1
Vardit Zerem Ullman, Tzipi Hornik-Lurie, Abraham Reichenberg
Population-based studies of premorbid cognitive functioning in schizophrenia have found verbal deficits and low IQ scores. It remains unclear, however, whether premorbid deficits are specific to schizophrenia, compared with other psychiatric disorders. Moreover, studies using school-based measures are few and their results inconsistent. This study assesses the eighth-grade (ages 13-14; n=11, 418) scholastic performance of adults with psychiatric disorders (n=194, 1.7, particularly with schizophrenia (n=86, 0...
April 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380067/does-tai-chi-relieve-fatigue-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
Yu Xiang, Liming Lu, Xiankun Chen, Zehuai Wen
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is not only a familiar symptom in our daily lives, but also a common ailment that affects all of our bodily systems. Several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have proven Tai Chi to be beneficial for patients suffering from fatigue, however conclusive evidence is still lacking. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed on all RCTs reporting the effects of Tai Chi for fatigue. METHODS: In the end of April 2016, seven electronic databases were searched for RCTs involving Tai Chi for fatigue...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379126/-community-acquired-urinary-tract-infections-in-older-adults
#3
Alberto Francisco Leoni, Aida Monterisi, Paula G Acuña
Background Community acquired urinary tract infections (caUTI) in adults are common ailments. Older adults are prone to infectious diseases, diagnosis can be difficult, their etiologic and antimicrobial resistance are poorly known. Objectives To evaluate the incidence discriminated by sex, symptoms, and to determine pathogens and their antimicrobial resistance rate. Methods A retrospective, descriptive and comparative study. We analyze uricultures among 2013 in the Hospital Nacional de Clinicas (Córdoba-Argentina)...
2017: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378081/laparoscopy-assisted-distal-gastrectomy-is-feasible-also-for-elderly-patients-aged-80-years-and-over-effectiveness-and-long-term-prognosis
#4
Motohira Yoshida, Shigehiro Koga, Kei Ishimaru, Yuji Yamamoto, Yusuke Matsuno, Satoshi Akita, Jun Kuwabara, Kazufumi Tanigawa, Yuji Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients usually have concurrent ailments, and the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) for these patients have been controversial. This study aimed to evaluate whether laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy is safe and effective for elderly patients aged 80 years and over, as well as to clarify their long-term prognosis. METHODS: A total of 31 patients aged 80 years and over who underwent LADG in our hospital were retrospectively reviewed...
April 4, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375088/effect-of-viscum-schimperi-on-advanced-glycation-endproducts-formation
#5
Hossam Mohamed Abdallah, Doha Omar ALGhamdi, Maab Siddiq Al-Salem, Maryam Alattas, Hany Mohamed El-Bassossy, Abdulrahman Mohammed Alahdal
Diabetes is a disease characterized by elevated uncontrolled glucose level. Hyperglycemia results in diabetic complication due to a reaction between sugar and amino acid of proteins to form advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) in different tissues. Medicinal plants are considered as a great source of bioactive compounds that affect many ailments. In this regard; AGEs formation could be inhibited by many bioactive compounds isolated from medicinal plants. Viscum schimperi Engl. is a plant belongs to Loranthaceae and known for its antidiabetic activity...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369843/the-effect-of-skin-moisture-ph-and-temperature-on-the-density-of-demodex-folliculorum-and-demodex-brevis-acari-demodicidae-in-students-and-staff-of-the-erzincan-university-turkey
#6
Erhan Zeytun, Engin Tilki, Salih Doğan, Kosta Yani Mumcuoğlu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and density of Demodex folliculorum and Demodex brevis in students and staff of the Erzincan University, Turkey, and to define the influence of age, gender, educational level, and hygiene as well as skin moisture, pH, and temperature on the presence of Demodex mites. METHODS: Healthy people without apparent facial dermatoses from nine faculties and five vocational schools of the university were included in the study...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364317/herbal-use-and-medical-pluralism-among-latinos-in-southern-california
#7
Nipher M Malika, Arti K Desai, Juan Carlos Belliard
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is often used alongside conventional medical care, yet few patients disclose CAM use to medical doctors. Our objectives were to (1) assess Latino herbal use, (2) explore the most commonly used herbs for common ailments, and (3) examine patients' disclosure of herb use to their physicians. Self-administered questionnaires were collected from 318 Latino patients seeking treatment at community health centers. Descriptive statistical analysis was conducted to determine the frequency of stated objectives among the participants...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360887/oxidative-stress-function-in-women-over-40%C3%A2-years-of-age-considering-their-lifestyle
#8
Maria Paula Gonçalves Mota, Zirlene Santos, Jorge Soares, Ana Pereira, Sandra Fonseca, Francisco Peixoto, Isabel Gaivão, Maria Oliveira
Aging is dependent on biological processes that determine the aging of the organism at the cellular level. The Oxidative Stress Theory of Aging might explain some of the age-related changes in cell macromolecules. Moreover, exposome and lifestyle may also induce changes in cell damage induced by oxidative stress. The aim of the present study was to analyze the related redox changes in lymphocyte function of healthy women over 40 years old. Three groups: younger (YG: 40-49 years), middle aged (MAG: 50-59 years), and older (OG: ≥60 years) were evaluated on anthropometric variables, blood pressure, cardiovascular fitness, lifestyle habits, perceived stress, DNA damage, malondialdehyde, catalase activity, and total antioxidant capacity...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348993/profile-of-elderly-attending-a-general-practice-clinic-in-a-poor-urban-area-a-cross-sectional-study-from-south-india
#9
Dimple Madhukar Jamkhandi, Sara Bhattacharji
INTRODUCTION: In India, the number of elderly is steadily increasing and is likely to reach 301 million by 2051. The increasing number and proportion of elderly will have a direct impact on the demand for health and pension services. As per the Demography of Indian Aging (Rajan et al.), information on morbidity profile of this population is essential to plan health-care facilities. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was designed to study the morbidity profile of 100 elderly persons reporting to the outpatient clinic of a family practice unit of a tertiary care center in South India between June 2008 and May 2010...
October 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300712/flow-liver-flow-a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-interplay-of-liver-disease-and-coagulopathy-in-chronic-subdural-hematoma
#10
John Paul George Kolcun, Joanna Elizabeth Gernsback, Angela Mae Richardson, Jonathan Russell Jagid
BACKGROUND: Chronic subdural hematoma (cSDH) is a common neurosurgical ailment, particularly in the elderly. A recent study uncovered an association between liver disease and recurrence in cSDH patients. Here, we explore that relationship to identify recurrence predictors in at-risk patients. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that the association between liver disease and recurrence was due to coagulopathy secondary to liver disease. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all cSDH patients treated with burr-hole drainage by two surgeons between 2007-2015...
March 11, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285775/the-certainty-in-consumers-willingness-to-accept-pharmacist-provided-medication-therapy-management-services
#11
Lawrence M Brown, Mohamed E Rashrash, Jon C Schommer
OBJECTIVES: To describe consumers' willingness to accept medication therapy management (MTM) services provided by a pharmacist. DESIGN: Cross-sectional Internet survey included questions about willingness to use 11 components of MTM services. PARTICIPANTS: The data of 8352 United States' adults who were on 3 or more medications were obtained from the 2015 National Consumer Survey on the Medication Experience and Pharmacists' Roles, which included 26,173 respondents...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244840/dance-therapy-a-new-approach-to-minimising-the-impact-of-ailments-caused-by-old-age
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240008/role-of-plasticity-region-genes-and-cage-gene-of-cagpai-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-development-of-gastrointestinal-gi-diseases
#13
Shokufe GholizadeTobnagh, Seyedeh Zahra Bakhti, Saeid Latifi Navid, Saber Zahri, Fatemeh Sadat Bakhti
Background: Helicobacter pylori is a Gram-negative, micro aerophilic bacterium in the human stomach that is associated with the development of gastrointestinal ailments such as peptic ulcer (PU) and gastric cancer (GC). In the present study, plasticity region genes (jhp0940, jhp0945 and jhp0947) and and cagE gene of cagPAI were assessed independently and in combination for their ability to predict clinical consequences. Materials and Methods: A total of 211 strains which were isolated from patients with different gastrointestinal diseases (114 with non-atrophic gastritis, 59 with PU, and 38 with GC) were genotyped by PCR and sequencing...
January 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167471/effect-of-viscum-schimperi-on-advanced-glycation-endproducts-formation
#14
Hossam Mohamed Abdallah, Doha Omar ALGhamdi, Maab Siddiq Al-Salem, Maryam Alattas, Hany Mohamed El-Bassossy, Abdulrahman Mohammed Alahdal, Ibrahim Ateya Shehata, Essam Abdel-Sattar
Diabetes is a disease characterized by elevated uncontrolled glucose level. Hyperglycemia results in diabetic complication due to a reaction between sugar and amino acid of proteins to form advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) in different tissues. Medicinal plants are considered as a great source of bioactive compounds that affect many ailments. In this regard; AGEs formation could be inhibited by many bioactive compounds isolated from medicinal plants. Viscum schimperi Engl. is a plant belongs to Loranthaceae and known for its antidiabetic activity...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109841/disruption-of-aromatase-homeostasis-as-the-cause-of-a-multiplicity-of-ailments-a-comprehensive-review
#15
REVIEW
Seema Patel
Human health is beset with a legion of ailments, which is exacerbated by lifestyle errors. Out of the numerous enzymes in human body, aromatase, a cytochrome P450 enzyme is particularly very critical. Occurring at the crossroads of multiple signalling pathways, its homeostasis is vital for optimal health. Unfortunately, medications, hormone therapy, chemical additives in food, and endocrine-disrupting personal care products are oscillating the aromatase concentration beyond the permissible level. As this enzyme converts androgens (C19) into estrogens (C18), its agitation has different outcomes in different genders and age groups...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101820/insulin-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-signalling-iis-based-regulation-of-lifespan-across-species
#16
REVIEW
Rebecca Mathew, Manika Pal Bhadra, Utpal Bhadra
An organism's well-being is facilitated by numerous molecular and biochemical pathways that ensure homeostasis within cells and tissues. Aging causes a gradual let-down in the maintenance of homeostasis due to various endogenous and environmental challenges, leading to amassing of damages, functional deterioration of different tissues and vulnerability to ailments. Nutrient sensing pathways that maintain glucose homeostasis in body are involved in regulation of aging. Insulin/insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) signalling (IIS) pathway was the first nutrient sensing pathway discovered to affect the aging process...
January 18, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096126/the-age-related-eye-disease-2-study-micronutrients-in-the-treatment-of-macular-degeneration
#17
REVIEW
Aruna Gorusupudi, Kelly Nelson, Paul S Bernstein
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the leading causes of vision loss in the elderly. With an increasingly aged population worldwide, the need for the prevention of AMD is rising. Multiple studies investigating AMD with the use of animal models and cell culture have identified oxidative stress-related retinal damage as an important contributing factor. In general, diet is an excellent source of the antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals necessary for healthy living; moreover, the general public is often receptive to recommendations made by physicians and health care workers regarding diet and supplements as a means of empowering themselves to avoid common and worrisome ailments such as AMD, which has made epidemiologists and clinicians enthusiastic about dietary intervention studies...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088492/pikuni-blackfeet-traditional-medicine-neuroprotective-activities-of-medicinal-plants-used-to-treat-parkinson-s-disease-related-symptoms
#18
Aurélie de Rus Jacquet, Mitali Arun Tambe, Sin Ying Ma, George P McCabe, Jay Hansford C Vest, Jean-Christophe Rochet
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a multifactorial neurodegenerative disorder affecting 5% of the population over the age of 85 years. Current treatments primarily involve dopamine replacement therapy, which leads to temporary relief of motor symptoms but fails to slow the underlying neurodegeneration. Thus, there is a need for safe PD therapies with neuroprotective activity. In this study, we analyzed contemporary herbal medicinal practices used by members of the Pikuni-Blackfeet tribe from Western Montana to treat PD-related symptoms, in an effort to identify medicinal plants that are affordable to traditional communities and accessible to larger populations...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029372/cajal-s-unbearable-cephalalgias-the-consequences-of-a-misdiagnosis
#19
REVIEW
S Giménez-Roldán
Around the age of 66 Cajal consulted neurologist Nicolas Achúcarro complaining of "unbearable cephalalgias". He had not ever suffered from headaches. The diagnosis of early arteriosclerosis that was considered at the time a physiological, irreversible ailment of ageing had a strong emotional impact on Cajal. Comorbid depression, insomnia and self-treatment with escalating doses of Veronal(®) (barbital), a short-acting barbiturate, presumably aggravated the situation. Exposure to warm environments and being involved in tense discussions were identified as triggering factors of the headaches...
October 28, 2016: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017696/ethnobiological-treatments-of-neurological-conditions-in-the-chota-nagpur-plateau-india
#20
Abhijit Dey, Partha Gorai, Anuradha Mukherjee, Raghunath Dhan, Biplob Kumar Modak
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: World Health Organization (WHO) has recognized the contribution of traditional medicine in the primary health care system. WHO also considers neurological disorders as one of the prime concern to the public health. Inadequate and inaccessible health facilities in the rural and underprivileged areas have forced the various tribal and non-tribal communities to use ethno-phyto and ethno-zoo therapeutics against different ailments. Chota Nagpur Plateau, India is one of the richest in India in terms of plant and animal diversity, and houses a number of indigenous communities often practising their own ethnobiological medicines...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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