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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141602/association-between-sarcopenia-and-low-back-pain-in-local-residents-prospective-cohort-study-from-the-gaina-study
#1
Shinji Tanishima, Hiroshi Hagino, Hiromi Matsumoto, Chika Tanimura, Hideki Nagashima
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common ailments that people experience in their lifetime. On the other hands, Sarcopenia also leads to several physical symptoms and contributes to reducing the quality of life of elderly people.The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between sarcopenia and low back pain among the general population. METHODS: The subjects included 216 adults (79 men and 137 women; mean age, 73.5 years) undergoing a general medical examination in Hino, Japan...
November 15, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137206/ancient-food-habits-dictate-that-food-can-be-medicine-but-medicine-cannot-be-food
#2
Hit Kishore Goswami, Hitendra Kumar Ram
Background: Extensive surveys of several population settlements in different parts of India-covering plains, mountains, valleys, river banks and deeper areas of forests at different altitudes-between 1968 and 2016 demonstrated that the basic vital need of hunger is being fulfilled since antiquity by plants in the wild. Methods: Based on collections, consultations with local population personnel and literature searches, this paper presents many plants that are commonly used as food and focuses on their products, which are rich in alkaloids, polysaccharides, steroids, terpenoids, flavonoids, aminoacids, fatty acids and antibiotics etc...
November 13, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075949/understanding-the-perception-of-islamic-medicine-among-the-malaysian-muslim-community
#3
Khadher Ahmad, Mohd Farhan Md Ariffin, Fauzi Deraman, Sedek Ariffin, Mustaffa Abdullah, Monika Munirah Abd Razzak, M Y Zulkifli Mohd Yusoff, Meguellati Achour
This study was conducted to identify and describe the patients' perceptions of Islamic medicine based on gender, age, marital, educational level and working status among the Malaysian Muslim population. A nationwide interviewer-administered questionnaire survey was conducted in 2013. An open-ended questionnaire pertaining to Islamic medicine was used to increase the probability of capturing maximum data. This survey implemented a multistage design, stratified by state, proportionate to the size of the state population and was representative of the Malaysian population...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037164/local-epidemiology-and-resistance-profiles-in-acute-uncomplicated-cystitis-auc-in-women-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-an-urban-urological-ambulatory-setting
#4
Michael Seitz, Christian Stief, Raphaela Waidelich
BACKGROUND: Acute uncomplicated cystitis (AUC) is a common ailment in the urological setting. Guidelines for urinary tract infections are based on large-scale multi-centre, epidemiological and international studies. The objective of this observational study was to establish whether the results of a multi-centre study on the resistance profile of Escherichia coli (E. coli) in patients with AUC could be directly applied to an urological practice in a major European city or whether there are divergences in the resistance profile...
October 16, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992514/profile-of-and-expenditure-on-morbidity-and-hospitalizations-among-elderly-analysis-of-a-nationally-representative-sample-survey-in-india
#5
Kathiresan Jeyashree, Rizwan Suliankatchi Abdulkader, Soundappan Kathirvel, Palanivel Chinnakali, Ajay Kumar Mv
INTRODUCTION: Understanding morbidity pattern and associated expenditure is essential for implementation of appropriate healthcare and social security measures for the elderly. This study aims to assess the proportion of ailing persons (PAP) in the last 15days, the utilization of hospitalization services in the last 365days and the expenditure incurred for hospitalizations among the elderly in India. METHODS: This study analysed data from a nationally representative survey by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) in 2014-15 on 36,480 rural and 29,452 urban households...
September 29, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983432/maternity-leave-policies-trade-offs-between-labour-market-demands-and-health-benefits-for-children
#6
Lucy Strang, Miriam Broeks
Over recent years many European Union countries have made changes to the design of the maternity leave provision. These policy developments reflect calls for greater gender equality in the workforce and more equal share of childcare responsibilities. However, while research shows that long period of leave can have negative effects on women's labour market attachment and career advancements, early return to work can be seen as a factor preventing exclusive breastfeeding, and therefore, potentially having negative health impacts for babies...
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978342/ethnobotanical-study-of-medicinal-plants-used-against-human-ailments-in-gubalafto-district-northern-ethiopia
#7
Getnet Chekole
BACKGROUND: Traditional medicinal plant species documentation is very crucial in Ethiopia for biodiversity conservation, bioactive chemical extractions and indigenous knowledge retention. Having first observed the inhabitants of Gubalafto District (Northern Ethiopia), the author gathered, recorded, and documented the human traditional medicinal plant species and the associated indigenous knowledge. METHODS: The study was conducted from February 2013 to January 2015 and used descriptive field survey design...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969626/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-with-a-standardized-aqueous-extract-of-terminalia-chebula-fruit-ayuflex-%C3%A2-on-joint-mobility-comfort-and-functional-capacity-in-healthy-overweight-subjects-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
H L Lopez, S M Habowski, J E Sandrock, B Raub, A Kedia, E J Bruno, T N Ziegenfuss
BACKGROUND: Joint and connective tissue integrity, comfort and function are paramount to optimal performance in exercise, recreational and occupational activities. The fruit of Terminalia chebula has been used extensively in various traditional health systems for different ailments, with additional preclinical and clinical data demonstrating antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a standardized aqueous extract of Terminalia chebula fruit (AyuFlex®) dietary supplementation on joint mobility, comfort, and functional capacity in healthy overweight subjects...
October 2, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969279/assessing-quality-of-life-using-the-oral-health-impact-profile-ohip-14-in-subjects-with-and-without-orthodontic-treatment-need-in-chennai-tamil-nadu-india
#9
A Vinita Mary, Jaideep Mahendra, Joseph John, Joyson Moses, A V Rajesh Ebenezar, R Kesavan
INTRODUCTION: Dental ailments like malocclusion affect not only the functional ability and aesthetic appearance of the person but also the psychological aspect of the individual. AIM: The aim of the present study was to the find relationship between quality of life and dental malocclusion among school going adolescents in Tamil Nadu, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 342 subjects of age range 14-19 years...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964312/evaluation-of-transient-evoked-otoacoustic-emissions-in-a-healthy-1-to-10%C3%A2-year-pediatric-cohort-in-sub-saharan-africa
#10
Daniel Dejaco, Fabian C Aregger, Helene V Hurth, Josua Kegele, Veronika Muigg, Lukas Oberhammer, Sebastian Bunk, Natalie Fischer, Leyla Pinggera, David Riedl, Allan Otieno, Tsiri Agbenyega, Ayola A Adegnika, Herbert Riechelmann, Peter Lackner, Patrick Zorowka, Peter Kremsner, Joachim Schmutzhard
OBJECTIVE: Transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) monitor cochlear function. High pass rates have been reported for industrialized countries. Pass rates in low and middle income countries such as Sub-Saharan Africa are rare, essentially lower and available for children up to 4 years of age and frequently based on hospital recruitments. This study aims at providing additional TEOAE pass rates of a healthy Sub-Saharan cohort aged 1-10 years with data from Gabon, Ghana and Kenya...
October 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924390/how-school-nurses-experience-and-understand-everyday-pain-among-adolescents
#11
Magnhild Høie, Kristin Haraldstad, Gudrun Rohde, Liv Fegran, Thomas Westergren, Sølvi Helseth, Åshild Slettebø, Berit Johannessen
BACKGROUND: Pain problems are a rapidly growing health problem found among both children and adolescent, and about 15-30% have reported chronic pain problems. School nurses in Norway meet adolescents with various ailments, including pain. Yet research on how school nurses perceive the pain experienced by adolescents is limited. The aim of the present study was to explore how school nurses explain and experience the everyday pain of adolescents. METHOD: A qualitative study with an explorative design comprising five focus group interviews...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892951/outcomes-of-mechanically-ventilated-critically-ill-geriatric-patients-in-intensive-care-unit
#12
Vivek Aggarwal, Rajeshwar Singh, Jung Bahadur Singh, Jps Bawa, Nimish Gaur, Sandeep Kumar, I V Nagesh
INTRODUCTION: Increase in life expectancy across the globe has led to rise in geriatric population. Geriatric population is now living longer and healthier. This rise in geriatric population has also led to increase in the geriatric ailments leading to increased number of geriatric patients requiring intensive care including mechanical ventilation. Data on outcomes of geriatric patients requiring mechanical ventilation from India is scarce. AIM: To study the profile and outcome of geriatric patients more than equal to 60 years requiring mechanical ventilation in Intensive Care Unit (ICU)...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892883/a-case-of-hyperargininaemia-presenting-at-unusually-low-age
#13
Vanita Lal, Daisy Khera, Garima Gupta, Kuldeep Singh, Praveen Sharma
Arginase or ARG1 gene deficiency is a Type V Urea Cycle Disorder (UCD) (catalysing the fifth reaction of urea cycle), associated with hyperammonaemia. Here, we discuss a rare case of a 13-month-old female, having Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) and failure to thrive, with serial high plasma ammonia, normal plasma lactate with high arginine and glutamine levels on Amino Acid Assay (AAA) which was performed on 1220 Agilent HPLC. She was admitted for about a month and eventually succumbed to her ailment after a month of discharge...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870236/acquired-hemophilia-a-in-an-advanced-age-patient-of-hispanic-origin-a-case-report
#14
Nalyssa I Rivera Cora, Freddie Irizarry Delgado, Santa M Merle Ramírez, Jorge Vera Quiñones
BACKGROUND: Acquired Hemophilia A (AHA) is a rare hematological disorder that exhibits an incidence of approximately 1.5 cases per million patients a year. It is characterized by the development of autoantibodies against circulating Factor VIII coagulation proteins which, in turn, which in turn lead to potentially life-threatening hemorrhagic episodes. The incidence of AHA increases with age; with 80% of the affected patient population encompassing men and women that are 65 years or older...
September 4, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852243/genealogy-study-of-three-generations-of-patients-with-bipolar-mood-disorder-type-i
#15
Bahman Salehi, Sara Khoz, Bahman Sadeghi, Manouchehr Amanat, Mona Salehi
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this research is genealogy examination of three generation of bipolar mood disorder Type I patients. METHODS: Patients selected using Poisson sampling method from 100 patients with bipolar mood disorder Type I, referring to a psychiatric center of Amir Kabir Hospital of Arak, Iran. Examine issues such as physical ailments, psychological review of living and deceased family members of each patient, drawn family pedigree using pedigree chart, check the relationship of the different pattern of the autosomal dominant and recessive disease, sex-linked dominant and recessive and linked to Y chromosome have been performed on patients...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839386/gastric-trichobezoars-in-children-surgical-overview
#16
Alisha Gupta, Deepak Mittal, Maddur Srinivas
BACKGROUND: Development of trichobezoars in children is primarily a psychiatric issue more than a pediatric surgical ailment. A definite history of trichotillomania and trichophagia may or may not be elicited. Surgical removal is required in patients presenting with huge bezoars. Psychiatric follow-up is of utmost importance to avoid recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records of children who were diagnosed and managed for the presence of gastric trichobezoars were retrospectively reviewed...
April 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831246/general-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-acne-vulgaris-before-and-after-performing-selected-cosmetological-treatments
#17
Karolina Chilicka, Joanna Maj, Bernard Panaszek
BACKGROUND: Achieving a satisfying quality of life for a patient by applying individually matched therapy is, simultaneously, a great challenge and a priority for contemporary medicine. Patients with visible dermatological ailments are particularly susceptible to reduction in the general quality of life. Among the dermatological diseases, acne causes considerable reduction in the quality of life and changes in self-perception that lead to the worsening of a patient's mental condition, including depression and suicidal thoughts...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826515/man-not-a-machine-models-minds-and-mental-labor-c-1980
#18
Max Stadler
This essay is concerned with the fate of the so-called "computer metaphor" of the mind in the age of mass computing. As such, it is concerned with the ways the mighty metaphor of the rational, rule-based, and serial "information processor," which dominated neurological and psychological theorizing in the early post-WW2 era, came apart during the 1970s and 1980s; and how it was, step by step, replaced by a set of model entities more closely in tune with the significance that was now discerned in certain kinds of "everyday practical action" as the ultimate manifestation of the human mind...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795095/quantitative-exploration-of-factors-influencing-psychotic-disorder-ailments-in-nigeria
#19
Adebowale O Adejumo, Nehemiah A Ikoba, Esivue A Suleiman, Hilary I Okagbue, Pelumi E Oguntunde, Oluwole A Odetunmibi, Obalowu Job
In this data article, records on demographic data, family problem issues, as well as results of medical tests from five major classes of psychotic disorder namely: bipolar; vascular dementia, minimal brain dysfunction; insomnia; and schizophrenia, were collected on 500 psychotic patients carefully selected from the pool of medical records of Yaba Psychiatric Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria, for the period of 5 years, between January 2010 and December 2014, were examined. X-squared Statistic was used to examine each of psychotic disorders to identify demographic (age, gender, religion, marital status, and occupation) and family issues (loss of parent, history of such ailment in the family (family status), divorce, head injury, and heredity of such ailment (genetic) factors that influence them...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790791/mortality-audit-of-medical-patients-at-armed-forces-hospitals
#20
K V S Hari Kumar, N S Ajai Chandra
The mortality statistics of the medical patients at our tertiary care hospitals are sparse and lacking. We studied the mortality characteristics of the patients admitted to medical wards and intensive care unit at two hospitals based on the available fatal documents. Our objectives include analysis of the cause of death, duration of stay and presence of sepsis. The deceased (103 males, 47 females) had a mean age of 64.6 ± 15.5 yrs and mean duration of stay 7.1 ± 12.3 days. Infections and sepsis syndrome (33%), respiratory (17%), neurological (15%) and cardiovascular disorders (10%) were the top four causes of the mortality...
July 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
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