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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325809/spanish-validation-of-the-exercise-therapy-burden-questionnaire-etbq-for-the-assessment-of-barriers-associated-to-doing-physical-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-illness
#1
César Navarro-Albarracín, Serge Poiraudeau, Noelia Chico-Matallana, Jesús Vergara-Martín, William Martin, Adelaida María Castro-Sánchez, Guillermo A Matarán-Peñarrocha
BACKGROUND AND OBJETIVE: To validate the Spanish version of the Exercise Therapy Burden Questionnaire (ETBQ) for the assessment of barriers associated to doing physical therapy for the treatment of chronic ailments. PATIENTES AND METHODS: A sample of 177 patients, 55.93% men and 44.07% women, with an average age of 51.03±14.91 was recruited. The reliability of the questionnaire was tested with Cronbach's alpha coefficient, and the validity of the instrument was assessed through the divergent validation process and factor analysis...
January 8, 2018: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313869/negative-social-acts-and-pain-evidence-of-a-workplace-bullying-and-5-htt-genotype-interaction
#2
Daniel Pitz Jacobsen, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Ståle Einarsen, Johannes Gjerstad
Objectives Long-term exposure to systematic negative acts at work, usually labeled workplace bullying, is a prevalent problem at many workplaces. The adverse effects of such exposure may range from psychological symptoms, such as depression and anxiety to somatic ailments like cardiovascular disease and musculoskeletal complaints. In this study, we examined the relationships among exposure to negative acts, genetic variability in the 5-HTT gene SLC6A4 and pain. Methods The study was based on a nationally representative survey of 987 Norwegian employees drawn from the Norwegian Central Employee Register by Statistics Norway...
January 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282046/evaluation-of-pharmacodynamic-properties-and-safety-of-cinnamomum-zeylanicum-ceylon-cinnamon-in-healthy-adults-a-phase-i-clinical-trial
#3
Priyanga Ranasinghe, Ranil Jayawardena, Shehani Pigera, Wasundara Sevwandi Wathurapatha, Hasitha Dhananjaya Weeratunga, G A Sirimal Premakumara, Prasad Katulanda, Godwin Roger Constantine, Priyadarshani Galappaththy
BACKGROUND: Cinnamon is considered as a treatment for many ailments in native medicine. Evidence suggests that Cinnamomum zeylanicum (CZ) has anti-microbial, anti-parasitic, anti-oxidant, blood glucose lowering properties and beneficial cardiovascular effects. The present study aims to evaluate Pharmacodynamic properties and safety of CZ in healthy adults using a Phase I Clinical Trial. METHODS: This phase I clinical trial was conducted at the Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka...
December 28, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273017/vitamin-d-levels-in-schoolchildren-a-cross-sectional-study-in-kuwait
#4
Khulood Othman Alyahya
BACKGROUND: Ongoing studies in the Middle East, particularly in the Arabian Gulf countries, have reported extremely low levels of serum vitamin D across age and gender. In Kuwait, vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in adolescent girls and in adult women. A number of risk factors have been reported, among which gender, age, and obesity are a few. Because adequate vitamin D status is necessary to promote bone mineral accrual in childhood, and because low vitamin D levels have been associated with a wide range of health problems, there is concern that growing children with low vitamin D may be at higher risk for developing diseases...
December 22, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249220/drd3-ser9gly-polymorphism-and-its-influence-on-risperidone-response-in-autistic-children
#5
Negar Firouzabadi, Anna Nazariat, Kamiar Zomorrodian
PURPOSE: Autism, a neuropsychiatric illness, is a complex ailment of mainly indefinite cause. Although precise pathophysiological mechanism is unclear but the role of genetics is undeniable therefore pharmacogenetics may assist to a better management of symptoms. Risperidone is widely used in autism. Considering the significance of dopaminergic system in psychological and neurological diseases and its association with autism, the hypothesis that genetic variant of dopamine receptor (DRD3), Ser9Gly (rs6280), may influence treatment of autism may be assumed...
2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249036/impact-of-diet-restriction-in-the-management-of-diabetes-evidences-from-preclinical-studies
#6
REVIEW
Pawan Krishan, Onkar Bedi, Monika Rani
The inappropriate dietary habits lead to the onset of age-related pathologies which include diabetes and cardiovascular ailments. Dietary restriction and nutritional therapy play an important role in the prevention of these chronic ailments. Preclinical research provides a basis for the therapeutic exploration of new dietary interventions for the clinical trials to potentiate the scientific management of diabetes and its related complications which further help in translating these nutritional improvements from bench to bedside...
December 16, 2017: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200550/-vaping-emergence-of-a-new-paraphernalia
#7
REVIEW
Subrata Naskar, Praveen Kumar Jakati
As research, has progressed through ages, we have been able to uncover the true nature of nicotine addiction. Humankind is now aware of the various ailments that it brings with it. As the slogan for a smokeless world for a better world has been raised, a new practice called "vaping" has come to the forefront. The use of electronic cigarettes (EC) has been on the rise recently. Claims have been made over its role for nicotine deaddiction as well as reducing harmful use for chronic nicotine abusers. In the current review, we searched the PubMed database for available literatures on this practice...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184319/a-comparative-study-of-depression-and-associated-risk-factors-among-elderly-inmates-of-old-age-homes-and-community-of-rajkot-a-gujarati-version-of-the-geriatric-depression-scale-short-form-gds-g
#8
Dipeshkumar D Zalavadiya, Anupam Banerjee, Ankit M Sheth, Matib Rangoonwala, Aarohi Mitra, Amiruddin M Kadri
Background: The prevalence of depression among elderly people varies across different setups such as old age homes (OAHs), community, and medical clinics. Aims: The aim of this study was to compare the epidemiological factors pertaining to depression among elderly residents of OAHs and community, using a new Gujarati version of the Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form (GDS-G). Settings and Design: A cross-sectional, epidemiological study conducted in an urban setup of Western India...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183310/reasons-for-encounters-and-psychiatric-comorbidity-in-an-urban-bavarian-primary-care-out-of-hour-service-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Constanze Storr, Lucia Marieke Gahbler, Klaus Linde, Antonius Schneider
BACKGROUND: International studies have shown a contribution of psychiatric comorbidity to high utilization rates in out-of-hour primary care (OOHC). Up to now, the impact of psychiatric comorbidity in German OOHC remains unclear. Therefore, we aimed to investigate reasons for encounter (RFE), possible psychiatric comorbidity, utilization rates, and a possible association between utilization rate and psychiatric comorbidity among patients of an urban OOHC unit. METHODS: In a cross-sectional, prospective, naturalistic study five hundred self-referred patients completed a self-designed questionnaire addressing RFE, past office visits and personal information...
November 28, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170864/risk-of-malignancy-in-a-nationwide-cohort-of-elderly-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients
#10
Nabeel Khan, Carlos Vallarino, Trevor Lissoos, Umar Darr, Michelle Luo
BACKGROUND: Management of elderly inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients (≥ 65 years of age) is complicated due to many factors, including a higher risk of cancer, which may impact therapeutic decisions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the risk of cancer among elderly IBD patients compared with younger IBD patients. Additionally, the absolute risk of malignancy and factors contributing to it were evaluated, and therapeutic patterns among the elderly were assessed...
November 23, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164610/shared-pathological-pathways-of-alzheimer-s-disease-with-specific-comorbidities-current-perspectives-and-interventions
#11
REVIEW
Christiane M Nday, Despoina Eleftheriadou, Graham Jackson
Alzheimer's disease (AD) belongs to one of the most multifactorial, complex and heterogeneous morbidity-leading disorders. Despite the extensive research in the field, AD pathogenesis is still at some extend obscure. Mechanisms linking AD with certain comorbidities, namely diabetes mellitus, obesity and dyslipidemia, are increasingly gaining importance, mainly due to their potential role in promoting AD development and exacerbation. Their exact cognitive impairment trajectories, however, remain to be fully elucidated...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141602/association-between-sarcopenia-and-low-back-pain-in-local-residents-prospective-cohort-study-from-the-gaina-study
#12
Shinji Tanishima, Hiroshi Hagino, Hiromi Matsumoto, Chika Tanimura, Hideki Nagashima
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common ailments that people experience in their lifetime. On the other hands, Sarcopenia also leads to several physical symptoms and contributes to reducing the quality of life of elderly people.The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between sarcopenia and low back pain among the general population. METHODS: The subjects included 216 adults (79 men and 137 women; mean age, 73.5 years) undergoing a general medical examination in Hino, Japan...
November 15, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137206/ancient-food-habits-dictate-that-food-can-be-medicine-but-medicine-cannot-be-food
#13
Hit Kishore Goswami, Hitendra Kumar Ram
Background: Extensive surveys of several population settlements in different parts of India-covering plains, mountains, valleys, river banks and deeper areas of forests at different altitudes-between 1968 and 2016 demonstrated that the basic vital need of hunger is being fulfilled since antiquity by plants in the wild. Methods: Based on collections, consultations with local population personnel and literature searches, this paper presents many plants that are commonly used as food and focuses on their products, which are rich in alkaloids, polysaccharides, steroids, terpenoids, flavonoids, aminoacids, fatty acids and antibiotics etc...
November 13, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075949/understanding-the-perception-of-islamic-medicine-among-the-malaysian-muslim-community
#14
Khadher Ahmad, Mohd Farhan Md Ariffin, Fauzi Deraman, Sedek Ariffin, Mustaffa Abdullah, Monika Munirah Abd Razzak, M Y Zulkifli Mohd Yusoff, Meguellati Achour
This study was conducted to identify and describe the patients' perceptions of Islamic medicine based on gender, age, marital, educational level and working status among the Malaysian Muslim population. A nationwide interviewer-administered questionnaire survey was conducted in 2013. An open-ended questionnaire pertaining to Islamic medicine was used to increase the probability of capturing maximum data. This survey implemented a multistage design, stratified by state, proportionate to the size of the state population and was representative of the Malaysian population...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037164/local-epidemiology-and-resistance-profiles-in-acute-uncomplicated-cystitis-auc-in-women-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-an-urban-urological-ambulatory-setting
#15
Michael Seitz, Christian Stief, Raphaela Waidelich
BACKGROUND: Acute uncomplicated cystitis (AUC) is a common ailment in the urological setting. Guidelines for urinary tract infections are based on large-scale multi-centre, epidemiological and international studies. The objective of this observational study was to establish whether the results of a multi-centre study on the resistance profile of Escherichia coli (E. coli) in patients with AUC could be directly applied to an urological practice in a major European city or whether there are divergences in the resistance profile...
October 16, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992514/profile-of-and-expenditure-on-morbidity-and-hospitalizations-among-elderly-analysis-of-a-nationally-representative-sample-survey-in-india
#16
Kathiresan Jeyashree, Rizwan Suliankatchi Abdulkader, Soundappan Kathirvel, Palanivel Chinnakali, Ajay Kumar Mv
INTRODUCTION: Understanding morbidity pattern and associated expenditure is essential for implementation of appropriate healthcare and social security measures for the elderly. This study aims to assess the proportion of ailing persons (PAP) in the last 15days, the utilization of hospitalization services in the last 365days and the expenditure incurred for hospitalizations among the elderly in India. METHODS: This study analysed data from a nationally representative survey by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) in 2014-15 on 36,480 rural and 29,452 urban households...
September 29, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983432/maternity-leave-policies-trade-offs-between-labour-market-demands-and-health-benefits-for-children
#17
Lucy Strang, Miriam Broeks
Over recent years many European Union countries have made changes to the design of the maternity leave provision. These policy developments reflect calls for greater gender equality in the workforce and more equal share of childcare responsibilities. However, while research shows that long period of leave can have negative effects on women's labour market attachment and career advancements, early return to work can be seen as a factor preventing exclusive breastfeeding, and therefore, potentially having negative health impacts for babies...
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978342/ethnobotanical-study-of-medicinal-plants-used-against-human-ailments-in-gubalafto-district-northern-ethiopia
#18
Getnet Chekole
BACKGROUND: Traditional medicinal plant species documentation is very crucial in Ethiopia for biodiversity conservation, bioactive chemical extractions and indigenous knowledge retention. Having first observed the inhabitants of Gubalafto District (Northern Ethiopia), the author gathered, recorded, and documented the human traditional medicinal plant species and the associated indigenous knowledge. METHODS: The study was conducted from February 2013 to January 2015 and used descriptive field survey design...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969626/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-with-a-standardized-aqueous-extract-of-terminalia-chebula-fruit-ayuflex-%C3%A2-on-joint-mobility-comfort-and-functional-capacity-in-healthy-overweight-subjects-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
H L Lopez, S M Habowski, J E Sandrock, B Raub, A Kedia, E J Bruno, T N Ziegenfuss
BACKGROUND: Joint and connective tissue integrity, comfort and function are paramount to optimal performance in exercise, recreational and occupational activities. The fruit of Terminalia chebula has been used extensively in various traditional health systems for different ailments, with additional preclinical and clinical data demonstrating antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a standardized aqueous extract of Terminalia chebula fruit (AyuFlex®) dietary supplementation on joint mobility, comfort, and functional capacity in healthy overweight subjects...
October 2, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969279/assessing-quality-of-life-using-the-oral-health-impact-profile-ohip-14-in-subjects-with-and-without-orthodontic-treatment-need-in-chennai-tamil-nadu-india
#20
A Vinita Mary, Jaideep Mahendra, Joseph John, Joyson Moses, A V Rajesh Ebenezar, R Kesavan
INTRODUCTION: Dental ailments like malocclusion affect not only the functional ability and aesthetic appearance of the person but also the psychological aspect of the individual. AIM: The aim of the present study was to the find relationship between quality of life and dental malocclusion among school going adolescents in Tamil Nadu, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 342 subjects of age range 14-19 years...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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