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Psychiatry review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925499/non-adherence-to-psychotropic-medication-among-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#1
Alexander Häge, Lisa Weymann, Lucia Bliznak, Viktoria Märker, Konstantin Mechler, Ralf W Dittmann
INTRODUCTION: Whether patients take their medication as prescribed is of increasing importance in adolescent psychiatry since both the number of efficacious pharmaceutical treatments and the rate of prescriptions of psychotropic compounds are on the rise. Previous research showed high rates of medication nonadherence among both adolescents with medical disorders and adult patients with psychiatric disorders. METHODS: The present review was performed according to PRISMA guidelines and evaluates existing scientific literature concerning adherence to psychotropic medication among adolescents...
December 7, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923340/-decision-support-for-the-therapy-planning-for-young-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-with-posttraumatic-disorders
#2
Cornelia Reher, Franka Metzner
Decision Support for the Therapy Planning for Young Refugees and Asylum-Seekers with Posttraumatic Disorders Due to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and § 6 of the Asylum Seekers' Benefit Act, there are legal and ethical obligations for the care of minor refugees suffering from trauma-related disorders. In Germany, psychotherapeutic care of adolescent refugees is provided by specialized treatment centers and Child and Adolescent psychiatries with specialized consultation-hours for refugees. Treatment of minor refugees is impeded by various legal and organizational barriers...
December 2016: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919878/pharmacy-residency-training-measured-through-a-standardized-knowledge-test
#3
Amy N Thompson, Brian P McKinzie, Jason S Haney, Jean M Nappi, Nicole Pilch
PURPOSE: The use of a standardized knowledge test to assess postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) pharmacy residency training was evaluated. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of a prospectively administered exam. A bank of questions was developed by preceptors from each of the core rotation disciplines: general medicine (including ambulatory care and oncology), pediatrics, critical care (including transplantation), drug information, operations, practice management, and psychiatry...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914158/causes-of-death-in-an-acute-psychiatric-inpatient-unit-of-a-portuguese-general-hospital
#4
Sofia Barbosa, Márcia Sequeira, Sara Castro, Rita Manso, Catarina Klut Câmara, Bruno Trancas, Nuno Borja-Santos, Teresa Maia
INTRODUCTION: Psychiatric patients are at increased risk of death from a number of natural and unnatural causes. This study examines the mortality causes of all psychiatric inpatients of an acute psychiatric unit at a general hospital in Portugal for sixteen years (1998 to 2013). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-one inpatients died at the inpatient unit between 1998 and 2013 (average 1.3 per year). A retrospective study through case-file review was carried to collect demographic characteristics, medical and psychiatry diagnosis...
August 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913990/sirukumab-a-potential-treatment-for-mood-disorders
#5
REVIEW
Aileen J Zhou, Yena Lee, Giacomo Salvadore, Benjamin Hsu, Trehani M Fonseka, Sidney H Kennedy, Roger S McIntyre
Convergent evidence indicates that abnormalities in the innate immune system may be pertinent to the pathogenesis, phenomenology, and possible treatment of several mental disorders. In keeping with this view, the targeting of interleukin-6 with the human monoclonal antibody sirukumab may represent a possible treatment and disease modification approach, for adults with brain-based disorders (e.g., major depressive disorder). A PubMed/Medline database search was performed using the following search terms: sirukumab; anti-IL-6; IL-6; major depressive disorder; inflammation...
December 2, 2016: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903106/reviewers-for-the-american-journal-of-psychiatry
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900735/electronic-monitoring-of-self-reported-mood-the-return-of-the-subjective
#7
REVIEW
Abigail Ortiz, Paul Grof
This narrative review describes recent developments in the use of technology for utilizing the self-monitoring of mood, provides some relevant background, and suggests some promising directions. Subjective experience of mood is one of the valuable sources of information about the state of an integrated mind/brain system. During the past century, psychiatry and psychology moved away from subjectivity, emphasizing external observation, precise measurement, and laboratory techniques. This shift, however, provided only a limited improvement in the understanding of mood disorders, and it appears that self-monitoring of mood has the potential to enrich our knowledge, particularly when combined with the advances in technology...
December 2016: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891433/the-clinical-presentation-and-outcome-of-the-institutionalized-wandering-mentally-ill-in-india
#8
Gaurav Singh, Nilima Shah, Ritambhara Mehta
INTRODUCTION: There are estimated 400,000 wandering mentally ill persons in India, found in poor physical state wandering on streets and railway stations; mainly treated either by government run Hospitals for Mental Health (HMH) or Psychiatry units of a Government Medical College (GMC). They require psychosocial rehabilitation along with treatment. AIM: To study the presentation, clinical profile and rehabilitative outcome of wandering mentally ill admitted in government psychiatric care facilities...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890486/towards-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-understand-and-manage-obesity-and-related-diseases
#9
REVIEW
Stephan C Bischoff, Yves Boirie, Tommy Cederholm, Michael Chourdakis, Cristina Cuerda, Nathalie M Delzenne, Nicolaas E Deutz, Denis Fouque, Laurence Genton, Carmen Gil, Berthold Koletzko, Miguel Leon-Sanz, Raanan Shamir, Joelle Singer, Pierre Singer, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop, Anders Thorell, Arved Weimann, Rocco Barazzoni
Overnutrition and sedentary lifestyle result in overweight or obesity defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. According to the WHO, the worldwide prevalence of obesity nearly doubled between 1980 and 2008. In 2008, over 50% of both men and women in the WHO European Region were overweight, and approximately 23% of women and 20% of men were obese. Comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic approaches should include nutritional treatment to favor the best metabolic and nutritional outcome, as well as to induce potential disease-specific benefits from selected nutritional regimens...
November 16, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889282/neuromodulation-treatments-for-geriatric-mood-and-cognitive-disorders
#10
REVIEW
William M McDonald
There is increasing evidence for the efficacy of neuromodulation in the treatment of resistant mood disorders and emerging data supporting the use of neuromodulation in cognitive disorders. A significant minority of depressed elders do not respond to pharmacotherapy and/or psychotherapy. This has led clinicians to recommend the increasing use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in the treatment of medication-resistant or life-threatening geriatric depression. Multiple studies have supported the safety and efficacy of ECT in the elderly, yet ECT is associated with side effects including cardiovascular and cognitive side effects...
December 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887679/-mindfulness-based-interventions-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-mechanisms-of-action-and-presentation-of-a-pilot-study
#11
M Gasnier, A Pelissolo, G Bondolfi, S Pelissolo, M Tomba, L Mallet, K N'diaye
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a frequent and severe disease, potentially inducing a major impairment for the patient and burden for their family. Recent research in psychiatry and neuroscience have led to better comprehension of the disease's mechanisms and helped to improve its treatment. However, a large proportion of patients have refractory symptoms, including for traditional cognitive and behavioral therapy by exposure and response prevention (ERP), leading clinicians to look for new treatments...
November 22, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882523/simulation-in-undergraduate-psychiatry-exploring-the-depth-of-learner-engagement
#12
REVIEW
Petal S Abdool, Latika Nirula, Sarah Bonato, Tarek K Rajji, Ivan L Silver
OBJECTIVES: Simulation-based methodologies are increasingly used in undergraduate medical education to expand students' exposure to complex clinical scenarios. Engagement of students in these simulation-based methodologies is a key determinant of their success in learning. Thus, the authors conducted a systematic review to (1) identify simulation methods in use within the undergraduate psychiatry curriculum and (2) assess learner engagement using these methods. METHODS: Following a PRISMA methodology, the authors searched MEDLINE, ERIC, and PsychINFO databases from 1977 to 2015...
November 23, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871760/hepatitis-c-treatment-clinical-issues-for-psychiatrists-in-the-post-interferon-era
#13
REVIEW
Yvonne Chasser, Arthur Y Kim, Oliver Freudenreich
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a widespread and costly cause of morbidity and mortality globally and in the United States. The treatment of HCV has been revolutionized with the recent development of direct-acting antiviral medications. These new treatments are substantially better tolerated and more efficacious than previously used interferon-based therapies. Despite these innovations, sustained virologic response has remained low, hovering at approximately 9% of all infected persons...
September 14, 2016: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871720/-guidelines-for-the-prescription-of-mood-stabilizers-for-adolescents-a-literature-review
#14
G Munch, N Godart
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is a unique phase of the human developmental process. In adolescents, psychotropic medications may have different efficacy and tolerance profiles compared to those at other stages of the lifespan. Mood stabilizers are a complex pharmacological category including lithium, some anticonvulsants, and some second generation antipsychotics. Focusing on this class of pharmacological agents, we aim to answer the following questions: in which indications and according to which modalities should mood stabilizers be prescribed during adolescence? METHODS: Information was sought from the websites of the French Haute Autorité de santé (HAS) and Agence nationale de sécurité du médicament et des produits de santé (ANSM), the American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the British National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE)...
November 18, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865900/detection-of-potentially-unnecessary-and-wasteful-clinical-trial-research-cumulative-meta-epidemiological-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#15
Philipp Storz-Pfennig
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to estimate the presence and extent to which potentially unnecessary and therefore maybe wasteful clinical trials regarding relevant interventions and outcomes in major clinical areas had been conducted. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: From current Cochrane collaboration systematic reviews in major medical fields (e.g. CVD, cancer, psychiatry) 13 different comparisons were sampled. A cumulative meta-analysis was conducted for each and trial sequential analysis applied to determine when in the course of evidence accrual evidence was found sufficient to reach a reliable conclusion...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856950/the-role-of-epigenetics-in-social-psychiatry
#16
REVIEW
Jacob Peedicayil
BACKGROUND: Epigenetics refers to the study of heritable changes in gene expression not involving changes in DNA sequence and is presently an active area of research in biology and medicine. There is increasing evidence that epigenetics is involved in the pathogenesis of psychiatric disorders. AIMS AND METHODS: Several studies conducted to date have suggested that psychosocial factors act by modifying epigenetic mechanisms of gene expression in the brain in the pathogenesis of psychiatric disorders...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856684/psychedelics-in-the-treatment-of-unipolar-mood-disorders-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
James Jh Rucker, Luke A Jelen, Sarah Flynn, Kyle D Frowde, Allan H Young
Unipolar mood disorders, including major depressive disorder and persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia), confer high rates of disability and mortality and a very high socioeconomic burden. Current treatment is suboptimal in most cases and there is little of note in the pharmaceutical development pipeline. The psychedelic drugs, including lysergic acid diethylamide and psilocybin, were used extensively in the treatment of mood disorders, and other psychiatric conditions, before their prohibition in the late 1960s...
December 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856605/medically-hospitalized-patients-with-eating-disorders-and-somatoform-disorders-in-pediatrics-what-are-their-similarities-and-differences-and-how-can-we-improve-their-care
#18
Patricia Ibeziako, Jennifer M Rohan, Simona Bujoreanu, Christine Choi, Meghan Hanrahan, Melissa Freizinger
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the current study is to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics and health care use of medically hospitalized patients with eating disorders (ED) and somatoform disorders (SFD) in a pediatric setting and to use the findings to explore opportunities for improved care. METHODS: Retrospective chart reviews of 125 patients with SFD and 125 patients with ED (N = 250) seen at a tertiary pediatric facility over a 12- and 19-month period, respectively...
December 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848034/vagus-nerve-stimulation-in-psychiatry-a-systematic-review-of-the-available-evidence
#19
REVIEW
Camelia-Lucia Cimpianu, Wolfgang Strube, Peter Falkai, Ulrich Palm, Alkomiet Hasan
Invasive and non-invasive vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is a promising add-on treatment for treatment-refractory depression, but is also increasingly evaluated for its application in other psychiatric disorders, such as dementia, schizophrenia, somatoform disorder, and others. We performed a systematic review aiming to give a detailed overview of the available evidence of the efficacy of VNS for the treatment of psychiatric disorders. Data derived from animal models, experimental trials without health-related outcomes, case reports, single-session studies, and reviews were excluded...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842739/-psychiatry-and-biopolitics-in-context-of-war-understanding-conflict-to-build-the-post-conflict
#20
Paula Ariadna Corzo Pérez
The purpose of this document is to present a review on biopolitics and psychiatry in the context of war, considering that this is where the greatest number of altered and deviant behaviours is generated. Along this line, as it is not about the psychopathology, but of its behaviour, of the approaches of Michel Foucault as regards the relationships of power, as such that it allows introducing the reader to a new perspective of thinking and understanding of the elements that have given rise to the maintenance of violent behaviour patterns and of the war itself...
October 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
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