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Psychiatry review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922069/glutamatergic-agents-in-the-treatment-of-compulsivity-and-impulsivity-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#1
Konstantin Mechler, Alexander Häge, Nina Schweinfurth, Jeffrey C Glennon, Rick M Dijkhuizen, Declan Murphy, Sarah Durston, Steven Williams, Jan K Buitelaar, Tobias Banaschewski, Ralf W Dittmann, The Tactics Consortium
OBJECTIVE: Research has implicated glutamatergic projections between the various frontal subregions in the pathogenesis of compulsivity and impulsivity. Reducing striatal glutamate release, or antagonising the action of glutamate at its receptors, may therefore represent viable treatment strategies. Several glutamatergic agents with regulatory approval for other indications are available and may be of potential benefit in the treatment of compulsivity/impulsivity in psychiatric disorders in paediatric patients...
September 18, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920179/review-of-virtual-reality-treatment-in-psychiatry-evidence-versus-current-diffusion-and-use
#2
REVIEW
Matthew C Mishkind, Aaron M Norr, Andrea C Katz, Greg M Reger
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides an overview of the current evidence base for and clinical applications of the use of virtual reality (VR) in psychiatric practice, in context of recent technological developments. RECENT FINDINGS: The use of VR in psychiatric practice shows promise with much of the research demonstrating clinical effectiveness for conditions including post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety and phobias, chronic pain, rehabilitation, and addictions...
September 18, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919590/a-study-of-the-discussions-on-psychiatry-of-korea-in-the-1960s-and-1970s-from-mental-hygiene-to-modern-psychiatry
#3
Ji-Yeon Im
This study is to review the emergence of new psychiatrists, scientific rationalization, and popular internalization to reorganize the formation process of modern psychological medicine system. Unlike eugenic psychiatry from the Japanese Colonial Era, the social conditions and contexts forming autonomous system of psychiatry of Korea in the 1960s and 1970s have been concentrated. The discussion approach has been tried to secure two perspectives-treatment and criticism-at the same time and to expand the time and scope of study through the extensive texts such as newspapers, magazines, books, advertisements, and others in the 1960s and 1970s...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918940/biological-psychiatry-a-new-approach-to-reviews
#4
EDITORIAL
John H Krystal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916010/competencies-and-training-guidelines-for-behavioral-health-providers-in-pediatric-primary-care
#5
REVIEW
Wanjiku F M Njoroge, Ariel A Williamson, Jennifer A Mautone, Paul M Robins, Tami D Benton
This article focuses on the cross-discipline training competencies needed for preparing behavioral health providers to implement integrated primary care services. After a review of current competencies in the disciplines of child and adolescent psychiatry, psychology, and social work, cross-cutting competencies for integrated training purposes are identified. These competencies are comprehensive and broad and can be modified for use in varied settings and training programs. An existing and successful integrated care training model, currently implemented at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, is described...
October 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916004/telemedicine-for-child-collaborative-or-integrated-care
#6
REVIEW
Robert J Hilt
Telemedicine with child psychiatry specialists is a useful tool for collaborative and integrated care systems. This article reviews the workforce and care process rationale for using child psychiatric telemedicine for collaborative care, and discusses practical ways to address the technical challenges that arise when using telemedicine. Different systems of using telemedicine discussed include child psychiatry access programs, collaborative and integrated care use of telephone consultations, televideo consultations, and televideo care delivery...
October 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906605/the-state-of-sleep-medicine-education-in-north-american-psychiatry-residency-training-programs-in-2013-chief-resident-s-perspective
#7
Imran S Khawaja, Patricia J Dickmann, Thomas D Hurwitz, Paul D Thuras, Robert E Feinstein, Alan B Douglass, Elliott Kyung Lee
Objective: To assess the current state of sleep medicine educational resources and training offered by North American psychiatry residency programs. Methods: In June 2013, a 9-item peer-reviewed Sleep Medicine Training Survey was administered to 39 chief residents of psychiatry residency training programs during a meeting in New York. Results: Thirty-four percent of the participating programs offered an elective rotation in sleep medicine...
August 31, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905171/pharmacist-intervention-acceptance-for-the-reduction-of-potentially-inappropriate-drug-prescribing-in-acute-psychiatry
#8
Sophia Hannou, Pierre Voirol, André Pannatier, Marie-Laure Weibel, Farshid Sadeghipour, Armin von Gunten, Jean-Frédéric Mall, Isabella De Giorgi Salamun
Background Prescribing for the elderly is challenging. A previous observational study conducted in our geriatric psychiatry admission unit (GPAU) using STOPP/START criteria showed a high number of potentially inappropriate drug prescriptions (PIDPs). A clinical pharmacist was added to our GPAU as a strategy to reduce PIDPs. Objective The objective of the present study was to assess the impact of a clinical pharmacist on PIDPs by measuring acceptance rates of pharmacist interventions (PhIs). Setting This study was conducted at the GPAU of Lausanne University Hospital...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902885/overstatements-in-abstract-conclusions-claiming-effectiveness-of-interventions-in-psychiatry-a-meta-epidemiological-investigation
#9
Kiyomi Shinohara, Aya M Suganuma, Hissei Imai, Nozomi Takeshima, Yu Hayasaka, Toshi A Furukawa
OBJECTIVE: Abstracts of scientific reports are sometimes criticized for exaggerating significant results when compared to the corresponding full texts. Such abstracts can mislead the readers. We aimed to conduct a systematic review of overstatements in abstract conclusions in psychiatry trials. METHODS: We searched for randomized controlled trials published in 2014 that explicitly claimed effectiveness of any intervention for mental disorders in their abstract conclusion, using the Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899197/personality-psychopathology-and-health-through-the-lens-of-interpersonal-relatedness-and-self-definition
#10
Patrick Luyten
Sidney Blatt's seminal contributions in the domain of personality development, psychopathology, and health rank among the best researched and most empirically supported theories in psychoanalysis. Blatt is known primarily for his two-polarities model of personality development, which he viewed as evolving through a dialectical, synergistic interaction between two fundamental processes across the lifespan: the development of interpersonal relatedness on the one hand, and of self-definition on the other. In this model, psychopathology is viewed as an attempt to find a balance, however distorted, between relatedness and self-definition...
June 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892432/patient-clinician-communication-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-consensus-guideline
#11
Timothy Gilligan, Nessa Coyle, Richard M Frankel, Donna L Berry, Kari Bohlke, Ronald M Epstein, Esme Finlay, Vicki A Jackson, Christopher S Lathan, Charles L Loprinzi, Lynne H Nguyen, Carole Seigel, Walter F Baile
Purpose To provide guidance to oncology clinicians on how to use effective communication to optimize the patient-clinician relationship, patient and clinician well-being, and family well-being. Methods ASCO convened a multidisciplinary panel of medical oncology, psychiatry, nursing, hospice and palliative medicine, communication skills, health disparities, and advocacy experts to produce recommendations. Guideline development involved a systematic review of the literature and a formal consensus process. The systematic review focused on guidelines, systematic reviews and meta-analyses, and randomized controlled trials published from 2006 through October 1, 2016...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890435/pain-control-in-thoracic-oncology
#12
Christine Peeters-Asdourian, Gilbert Massard, Paragi H Rana, Paul Van Houtte, Andrew P White, Bogdan Grigoriu, Dominique Lossignol, Mohammed Almalki, Jean Alexiou, Jean-Luc Engelholm, Jean-Paul Sculier
This review of pain management in lung cancer is based on the presentation of four cases of thoracic oncology patients with pain at various stages of their disease. The approach will be multidisciplinary, involving a thoracic oncologist, radiologist, thoracic and orthopaedic spine surgeon, radiation therapist, pain medicine specialist, and palliative care specialist. This multispecialty approach to the management of different painful presentations in thoracic oncology will demonstrate the complexity of each case and the improved patient outcomes which result from the involvement of different disciplines working in concert...
September 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886837/-benefit-of-mortality-and-morbidity-reviews-in-psychiatry
#13
REVIEW
Laurent Boyer, Xavier-Yves Zendjidjian, Karine Baumstarck, Jean-Claude Samuelian, Patrice François
A mortality and morbidity (M&M) review consists in analysing, collectively and retrospectively, the cases of patients whose evolution has been marked by a complication or death. This analysis must question whether such an outcome could have been avoided, making it possible to identify the causes and correct the factors having contributed to its occurrence. After a presentation of the methodological and organisational principles, as well as the M&M reviews carried out in France, attention is turned to those performed in psychiatry and identifying the main perspectives for the discipline...
September 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886752/protocol-for-the-management-of-psychiatric-patients-with-psychomotor-agitation
#14
Eduard Vieta, Marina Garriga, Laura Cardete, Miquel Bernardo, María Lombraña, Jordi Blanch, Rosa Catalán, Mireia Vázquez, Victòria Soler, Noélia Ortuño, Anabel Martínez-Arán
BACKGROUND: Psychomotor agitation (PMA) is a state of motor restlessness and mental tension that requires prompt recognition, appropriate assessment and management to minimize anxiety for the patient and reduce the risk for escalation to aggression and violence. Standardized and applicable protocols and algorithms can assist healthcare providers to identify patients at risk of PMA, achieve timely diagnosis and implement minimally invasive management strategies to ensure patient and staff safety and resolution of the episode...
September 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880356/-diagnostics-of-attachment-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#15
M J van Hoof
Growing concern about how the neglect and abuse of children can be tackled and prevented has led to increased interest in the parent-child relationship and the concept of attachment. It is vitally important that the diagnostics relating to attachment are accurate. One of the main problems is that up till now the parent-child relationship has not been assessed and analysed in accordance with reliable, unambiguous standards.<br/> AIM: To search the literature in order to identify the prerequisites for reliable diagnostics of attachment...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880347/-using-resource-groups-in-assertive-community-treatment-literature-review-and-recommendation
#16
M Smeerdijk, P H A E G Delespaul, I P M Keet, M A Nugter
In psychiatry there is an increasing interest in giving patients and their relatives control over the goals of treatment and the way in which treatment is carried out. A structural method of organising this within assertive community treatment (ACT) is to let patients and their relatives participate in what is known as a resource group (RG).<br/> AIM: To provide a systematic view of the advantages of giving patients control over their treatment and the way in which it is carried out via ACT, particularly if this control is organised in the form of an RG...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879779/supervising-trainees-in-research-what-does-it-take-to-be-a-scholarly-project-supervisor
#17
Gary Cheung, Susan Hatters Friedman, Lillian Ng, Sarah Cullum
OBJECTIVES: Scholarly projects (SPs) are a compulsory component of psychiatry training in Australasia. This article outlines the role of a research supervisor in supporting a trainee to complete an SP. METHODS: A total of 10 old age and forensic psychiatry SPs were reviewed with regard to aims, methodology, supervisor input, trainee tasks and additional resources. RESULTS: The main supervisor tasks are described and discussed. They include practical advice on study design, ethics applications, critical appraisal, data analysis, academic writing and publication...
September 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872468/sexual-disorders-beyond-dsm-5-the-unfinished-affaire
#18
Felipe Navarro-Cremades, Chiara Simonelli, Angel L Montejo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of post-The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed. classifications related to human sexuality. After reviewing the literature on classification and clinical practice of sexual disorders, some of the most important contributions on main sexological classifications and frameworks were selected, especially from January 2016 till June 2017. RECENT FINDINGS: New relevant contributions on psychiatric and sexological classifications and frameworks have been proposed, such as the international classification of diseases 11th revision (ICD-11), research domain criteria, the third edition of the Diagnostic Manual in Sexology and the person-centered psychiatry perspective...
September 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871017/scoping-review-protocol-education-initiatives-for-medical-psychiatry-collaborative-care
#19
Nelson Shen, Sanjeev Sockalingam, Alexxa Abi Jaoude, Sharon M Bailey, Thérèse Bernier, Alison Freeland, Aceel Hawa, Elisa Hollenberg, Bethel Woldemichael, David Wiljer
INTRODUCTION: The collaborative care model is an approach providing care to those with mental health and addictions disorders in the primary care setting. There is a robust evidence base demonstrating its clinical and cost-effectiveness in comparison with usual care; however, the transitioning to this new paradigm of care has been difficult. While there are efforts to train and prepare healthcare professionals, not much is known about the current state of collaborative care training programmes...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870126/innovative-biomarkers-in-psychiatric-disorders-a-major-clinical-challenge-in-psychiatry
#20
Madia Lozupone, Davide Seripa, Eleonora Stella, Maddalena La Montagna, Vincenzo Solfrizzi, Nicola Quaranta, Federica Veneziani, Alberto Cester, Rodolfo Sardone, Caterina Bonfiglio, Gianluigi Giannelli, Paola Bisceglia, Roberto Bringiotti, Antonio Daniele, Antonio Greco, Antonello Bellomo, Giancarlo Logroscino, Francesco Panza
Currently, the diagnosis of psychiatric illnesses is based upon DSM-5 criteria. Although endophenotype-specificity for a particular disorder is discussed, the identification of objective biomarkers is ongoing for aiding diagnosis, prognosis, or clinical response to treatment. We need to improve the understanding of the biological abnormalities in psychiatric illnesses across conventional diagnostic boundaries. The present review investigates the innovative post-genomic knowledge used for psychiatric illness diagnostics and treatment response, with a particular focus on proteomics...
September 11, 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
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