keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cognitive tests

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684893/comparison-of-the-moca-and-bearni-tests-for-detection-of-cognitive-impairment-in-in-patients-with-alcohol-use-disorders
#1
Stéphanie Pelletier, Régis Alarcon, Valérie Ewert, Margot Forest, Bertrand Nalpas, Pascal Perney
INTRODUCTION: Screening of cognitive impairment is a major challenge in alcoholics seeking treatment, since cognitive dysfunction may impair the overall efficacy of rehabilitation programs and consequently increase relapse rate. We compared the performance of two screening tools: the MoCA (Montreal Cognitive Assessment), which is widely used in patients with neurological diseases and already used in patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD), and the BEARNI (Brief Evaluation of Alcohol-Related Neuropsychological Impairments), a recent test specifically developed for the alcoholic population...
April 10, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684789/bipedal-hopping-timed-to-a-metronome-to-detect-impairments-in-anticipatory-motor-control-in-people-with-mild-multiple-sclerosis
#2
Megan C Kirkland, Alice Chen, Matthew B Downer, Brett J Holloway, Elizabeth M Wallack, Evan J Lockyer, Natasha C M Buckle, Courtney L Abbott, Michelle Ploughman
BACKGROUND: People with mild multiple sclerosis (MS) often report subtle deficits in balance and cognition but display no measurable impairment on clinical assessments. We examined whether hopping to a metronome beat had the potential to detect anticipatory motor control deficits among people with mild MS (Expanded Disability Status Scale ≤ 3.5). METHODS: Participants with MS (n = 13), matched controls (n = 9), and elderly subjects (n = 13) completed tests of cognition (Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA)) and motor performance (Timed 25 Foot Walk Test (T25FWT))...
April 13, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684769/implicit-negative-affect-predicts-attention-to-sad-faces-beyond-self-reported-depressive-symptoms-in-healthy-individuals-an-eye-tracking-study
#3
Charlott Maria Bodenschatz, Marija Skopinceva, Anette Kersting, Markus Quirin, Thomas Suslow
Cognitive theories of depression assume biased attention towards mood-congruent information as a central vulnerability and maintaining factor. Among other symptoms, depression is characterized by excessive negative affect (NA). Yet, little is known about the impact of naturally occurring NA on the allocation of attention to emotional information. The study investigates how implicit and explicit NA as well as self-reported depressive symptoms predict attentional biases in a sample of healthy individuals (N = 104)...
April 4, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684683/brain-related-proteins-as-potential-csf-biomarkers-of-alzheimer-s-disease-a-targeted-mass-spectrometry-approach
#4
Ilijana Begcevic, Davor Brinc, Marshall Brown, Eduardo Martinez-Morillo, Oliver Goldhardt, Timo Grimmer, Viktor Magdolen, Ihor Batruch, Eleftherios P Diamandis
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia, characterized by progressive cognitive decline. The main disease hallmarks include amyloid beta aggregates and neurofibrillary tangles. Brain pathology is reflected in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF); the core biomarkers amyloid beta 1-42, total and phosphorylated tau protein levels are changed, relative to cognitively normal elderly. Still, there is a need for additional biomarkers which could identify disease more accurately and at an earlier stage, predict severity and be used in research settings...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684659/anxiety-sensitivity-and-suicide-risk-among-firefighters-a-test-of-the-depression-distress-amplification-model
#5
Ian H Stanley, Lia J Smith, Joseph W Boffa, Jana K Tran, N Brad Schmidt, Thomas E Joiner, Anka A Vujanovic
BACKGROUND: Firefighters represent an occupational group at increased suicide risk. How suicidality develops among firefighters is poorly understood. The depression-distress amplification model posits that the effects of depression symptoms on suicide risk will be intensified in the context of anxiety sensitivity (AS) cognitive concerns. The current study tested this model among firefighters. METHODS: Overall, 831 firefighters participated (mean [SD] age = 38...
April 7, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684531/rapamycin-relieves-anxious-emotion-and-synaptic-plasticity-deficits-induced-by-hindlimb-unloading-in-mice
#6
Baohui Zhai, Xueliang Shang, Jingxuan Fu, Fangjuan Li, Tao Zhang
This study examined whether increasing autophagy could improve cognitive deficits in hindlimb unloaded (HU) mice, which was used as an animal model of synaptic plasticity impairment. Male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into three groups: control, HU and HU + rapamycin groups. Hindlimb unloading treatment was used to establish the animal model for 2 weeks. Rapamycin was intraperitoneally injected at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg/day along with hindlimb unloading procedure. The open field test and the elevated plus maze test showed that rapamycin considerably prevented the level of anxiety and increased exploratory behaviour in HU mice...
April 20, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684505/protective-effects-of-sulforaphane-on-cognitive-impairments-and-ad-like-lesions-in-diabetic-mice-are-associated-with-the-upregulation-of-nrf2-transcription-activity
#7
Die Pu, Yuxing Zhao, Jinliang Chen, Yue Sun, Ankang Lv, Shiyu Zhu, Cheng Luo, Kexiang Zhao, Qian Xiao
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)-associated oxidative stress contributes to cognitive deficiencies and Alzheimer's disease (AD). Sulforaphane (SFN) is a pharmacological activator of Nrf2 that provokes Nrf2-mediated intracellular defenses, including antioxidant and anti-inflammatory responses, under oxidative stress (OS) conditions. This study investigated the effects of SFN on DM-related cognitive decline and its potential mechanisms. Morris water maze (MWM) tests showed that SFN (1 mg/kg i.p. for 28 days) mitigated the cognitive decline of db/db mice, a transgenic mouse model of T2DM...
April 20, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684474/environmental-enrichment-cognitive-neuroprotection-in-an-experimental-model-of-cerebral-ischemia-biochemical-and-molecular-aspects
#8
Lara Vezula Gonçalves, Alice Laschuk Herlinger, Tamara Andrea Alarcon Ferreira, Juliana Barbosa Coitinho, Rita Gomes Wanderley Pires, Cristina Martins-Silva
Stroke is considered a major cause of global morbidity. Currently, there are no effective treatments for post-stroke cognitive impairment. Enriched environment (EE) has been brought forward as a preconditioning method to induce cerebral tolerance in an ischemic event. However, the subjacent mechanisms involved in this tolerance are not yet clear. Herein we aimed to identify the mechanisms of neuroprotection triggered by EE preconditioning in a murine model of ischemic stroke. In order to do so, C57Bl/6 mice were kept for five weeks either in EE or in standard environment (SC) prior to ischemic injury through bilateral carotid occlusion (BCCAo) or sham surgery...
April 20, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684473/improved-cognitive-morning-performance-in-healthy-older-adults-following-blue-enriched-light-exposure-on-the-previous-evening
#9
Karine Scheuermaier, Mirjam Münch, Joseph M Ronda, Jeanne F Duffy
OBJECTIVES: Exposure to light can have acute alerting and circadian phase-shifting effects. This study investigated the effects of evening exposure to blue-enriched polychromatic white (BEL) vs. polychromatic white light (WL) on sleep inertia dissipation the following morning in older adults. METHODS: Ten healthy older adults (average age = 63.3 yrs; 6 F) participated in a 13-day study comprising three baseline days, an initial circadian phase assessment, four days with 2-h evening light exposures, a post light exposure circadian phase assessment and three recovery days...
April 20, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684335/emergence-of-breath-testing-as-a-new-non-invasive-diagnostic-modality-for-neurodegenerative-diseases
#10
REVIEW
N Siva Subramaniam, C S Bawden, H Waldvogel, R M L Faull, G S Howarth, R G Snell
Neurodegenerative diseases (NDDs) are incapacitating disorders that result in progressive motor and cognitive impairment. These disease include Alzheimer's disease the most common cause of dementia, frontotemporal dementia, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, dementia with Lewy bodies, Parkinson's, Huntington's, Friedreich's ataxia, and prion disease. Dementia causing NDDs impose a high social and economic burden on communities around the world. Rapid growth in knowledge regarding the pathogenic mechanisms and disease-associated biomarkers of these diseases in the past few decades have accelerated the development of new diagnostic methods and therapeutic opportunities...
April 20, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684134/changes-in-executive-function-following-a-stressful-interpersonal-task-are-associated-with-condomless-anal-intercourse-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#11
David M Huebner, Larissa A McGarrity, Timothy W Smith, Nicholas S Perry, Yana Suchy
Background: Executive functioning (EF) describes a set of neurocognitive processes critical to enacting complex health behaviors. However, theoretical frameworks for understanding sexual risk behavior have generally neglected neurocognitive constructs, and beyond a few studies of individuals selected for high substance use, the literature contains virtually no research on this topic with other adults at risk for HIV infection, such as men who have sex with men (MSM). Purpose: This study tested whether EF was associated with condomless anal intercourse (CAI) among MSM...
April 19, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684024/crystallized-and-fluid-intelligence-of-university-students-with-intellectual-disability-who-are-fully-integrated-versus-those-who-studied-in-adapted-enrichment-courses
#12
Hefziba Lifshitz, Jay Verkuilen, Shlomit Shnitzer-Meirovich, Carmit Altman
BACKGROUND: Inclusion of people with intellectual disability (ID) in higher postsecondary academic education is on the rise. However, there are no scientific criteria for determining the eligibility for full inclusion of students with ID in university courses. This study focuses on two models of academic inclusion for students with ID: (a) separate adapted enrichment model: students with ID study in separate enrichment courses adapted to their level; (b) full inclusion model: students with ID are included in undergraduate courses, receive academic credits and are expected to accumulate the amount of credits for a B...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683782/impact-of-an-early-exposure-geriatrics-curriculum-in-an-accelerated-baccalaureate-md-program
#13
Yuya Hagiwara, Juan Pagan-Ferrer, Sandra Sanchez-Reilly
Current standard geriatric curricula and exposure of students to the elderly may be insufficient to influence students' interest in geriatric medicine. We developed an innovative curriculum to address this gap. This study aimed to identify knowledge, skill, and attitude changes of first-year students in an accelerated baccalaureate-MD program toward geriatrics after participation in an early-exposure geriatrics curriculum (GC). The GC consisted of fifteen 3-hr interactive teaching sessions facilitated by various health professionals...
April 23, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683704/how-do-electronic-cigarettes-affect-cravings-to-smoke-or-vape-parsing-the-influences-of-nicotine-and-expectancies-using-the-balanced-placebo-design
#14
Amanda M Palmer, Thomas H Brandon
OBJECTIVE: Although electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are frequently initiated for smoking cessation, results from the first two clinical trials testing this suggest that the perceived benefits of vaping may be influenced by non-nicotine factors, including cognitive outcome expectancies. The current study investigated the separate and combined effects of nicotine delivery and outcome expectancies on cravings for cigarettes and e-cigarettes using a balanced-placebo experiment. METHOD: Drug dosage (contains nicotine or not) was crossed with instructional set (told nicotine or non-nicotine) during ad lib e-cigarette use sessions by 128 current e-cigarette users (52 identifying as current cigarette smokers or "dual users")...
May 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683523/white-matter-degeneration-profile-in-the-cognitive-cortico-subcortical-tracts-in-parkinson-s-disease
#15
Alexandru Hanganu, Jean-Christophe Houde, Vladimir S Fonov, Clotilde Degroot, Beatriz Mejia-Constain, Anne-Louise Lafontaine, Valérie Soland, Sylvain Chouinard, Louis D Collins, Maxime Descoteaux, Oury Monchi
BACKGROUND: In Parkinson's disease cognitive impairment is an early nonmotor feature, but it is still unclear why some patients are able to maintain their cognitive performance at normal levels, as quantified by neuropsychological tests, whereas others cannot. The objectives of this study were to perform a cross-sectional study and analyze the white matter changes in the cognitive and motor bundles in patients with Parkinson's disease. METHODS: Sixteen Parkinson's disease patients with normal cognitive performance, 19 with mild cognitive impairment (based on their performance of 1...
April 23, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683456/measuring-the-kinematics-of-daily-living-movements-with-motion-capture-systems-in-virtual-reality
#16
Kyoungwon Seo, Ahreum Lee, Jieun Kim, Hokyoung Ryu, Hojin Choi
The inability to complete instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) is a precursor to various neuropsychological diseases. Questionnaire-based assessments of IADL are easy to use but prone to subjective bias. Here, we describe a novel virtual reality (VR) test to assess two complex IADL tasks: handling financial transactions and using public transportation. While a participant performs the tasks in a VR setting, a motion capture system traces the position and orientation of the dominant hand and head in a three-dimensional Cartesian coordinate system...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683237/establishing-a-proactive-geriatrician-led-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-in-older-emergency-surgery-patients-outcomes-of-a-pilot-study
#17
Matthew C Mason, Amy L Crees, Matthew R Dean, Nahida Bashir
INTRODUCTION: Increasing numbers of older adults are presenting with acute surgical disease to the unselected general surgical take. General surgeons have little training to manage these patients. We developed a pilot service of proactive geriatrician input into older emergency general surgical patients in a single institution. We wanted to demonstrate if geriatricians improve the management of these patients. METHODS: Patients aged 70 years or older admitted acutely under the general surgeons were assessed proactively by a geriatrician using comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA)...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683228/relationships-between-self-reported-sleep-quality-components-and-cognitive-functioning-in-breast-cancer-survivors-up-to-10-years-following-chemotherapy
#18
Ashley M Henneghan, Patricia Carter, Alexa Stuifbergan, Brennan Parmelee, Shelli Kesler
OBJECTIVE: Links have been made between aspects of sleep quality and cognitive function in breast cancer survivors (BCS), but findings are heterogeneous. The objective of this study is to examine relationships between specific sleep quality components (latency, duration, efficiency, daytime sleepiness, sleep disturbance, use of sleep aids) and cognitive impairment (performance and perceived), and determine which sleep quality components are the most significant contributors to cognitive impairments in BCS 6 months to 10 years post chemotherapy...
April 23, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683204/oral-status-cognitive-function-and-dependency-among-new-zealand-nursing-home-residents
#19
William M Thomson, Moira B Smith, Catherine Anna Ferguson, Ngaire M Kerse, Kathryn Peri, Barry Gribben
OBJECTIVES: To investigate clinical oral disease and its association with cognitive function and dependency among older New Zealanders in residential aged care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: National survey of oral health in aged residential care throughout New Zealand. We classified residents into 1 of 3 levels of care: "low dependency care (or assisted living)"; "high dependency care"; or "specialist dementia care/psychogeriatric care." The Abbreviated Mental Test characterised cognitive function as "unimpaired" (scores of 7-10), "moderately impaired" (4-6) or "severely impaired" (0-3)...
April 23, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683125/factors-associated-with-poor-sleep-in-older-women-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer
#20
Janine Overcash, Alai Tan, Keya Patel, Anne M Noonan
OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship among gait, grip strength, cognition, depression, pain, and fatigue, and to identify which variables are most predictive of poor sleep. SAMPLE & SETTING: 60 women with breast cancer aged 69 years or older who were receiving treatment in the Senior Adult Oncology Program at the James Cancer Hospital at the Ohio State University. METHODS & VARIABLES: The variables were gait and grip strength (functional domains), cognition, depression, pain, and fatigue...
May 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
keyword
keyword
2669
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"