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tnf myocardial infarction

Axel C Carlsson, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Stefan Söderberg, Toralph Ruge, Anders Larsson, Johan Ärnlöv
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Soluble receptors for tumor necrosis factor alpha (sTNFR1 and sTNFR2) have been associated with cardiovascular diseases, and some evidence points towards a difference in associated risk between men and women. We aimed to study the association between sTNFR1 and sTNFR2 and incident myocardial infarctions (MI) and to explore the influence of established cardiovascular risk factors in men and women. METHODS: We conducted a nested case control study in three large Swedish cohorts, including 533 myocardial infarction cases, and 1003 age-, sex- and cohort-matched controls...
March 9, 2018: Atherosclerosis
Tomohiro Hirose, Yuri Fukuma, Ayumu Takeshita, Keiichiro Nishida
BACKGROUND: The role of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) in the inflammatory response in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is well established, whereas less is known about the role of TNF's close homolog, lymphotoxin alpha (LTα). FINDINGS: Increased levels of LTα are found in the serum and synovial tissue of patients with RA, and in vitro studies found that LTα-induced proliferation of RA fibroblast-like synoviocytes was at a similar level to TNF. These findings support the idea that anti-LTα treatment could be beneficial in patients with RA, but pateclizumab, an anti-LTα antibody, was not as efficacious as the anti-TNF agent adalimumab in reducing symptoms of RA in a head-to-head study, suggesting that anti-LTα therapies might not represent a valid alternative treatment option in patients with RA...
March 14, 2018: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
José V Subiela, Sonia H Torres, Juan B De Sanctis, Noelina Hernández
There is evidence that myocardial infarction (MI) patients have an inflammatory process that includes skeletal muscles, and exercise has been reported to reduce some inflammatory markers. The aim of this work was to study NO and some inflammatory markers in quadriceps muscle of MI patients before and after cardiac rehabilitation. Muscle biopsy was obtained in17 MI patients before and after CR and only once in 11 healthy subjects. Several cardiorespiratory and metabolic parameters were evaluated and skeletal muscle levels of nitric oxide synthases, nitrate, nitrite, nitrotyrosine, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β), interleukin- 6 (IL-6) and CD154...
March 10, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Dong-Mei Wu, Yong-Jian Wang, Xin-Rui Han, Xin Wen, Lei Li, Lan Xu, Jun Lu, Yuan-Lin Zheng
In this study, we aim to investigate the role of tanshinone IIA in myocardial infarction (MI), especially in left ventricular remodelling (VR) and the underlying mechanism involving the TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signalling pathway. Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (n = 96) were selected, and 12 of them underwent sham surgery. The remaining 84 rats were subjected to MI modelling. HE and MT staining were carried out to estimate infract size, histopathological changes and fibrosis degree. Macrophage infiltration and cardiomyocyte apoptosis were evaluated by immunohistochemistry and TUNEL staining...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Minke H T Hartman, Hilde E Groot, Irene Mateo Leach, Jacco C Karper, Pim van der Harst
Many cytokines are currently under investigation as potential target to improve cardiac function and outcome in the setting of acute myocardial infarction (MI) or chronic heart failure (HF). Here we aim to provide a translational overview of cytokine inhibiting therapies tested in experimental models and clinical studies. In various experimental studies, inhibition of interleukin-1 (IL-1), -6 (IL-6), -8 (IL-8), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), CC- and CXC chemokines, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) had beneficial effects on cardiac function and outcome...
February 15, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
Jun Yang, Chaojun Yang, Jian Yang, Jiawang Ding, Xinxin Li, Qinqin Yu, Xin Guo, Zhixing Fan, Huibo Wang
The Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signal pathway- induced inflammation is considered to be a crucial link to myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury (MIRI). Our previous study proved that radioprotective 105 kDa protein (RP105), a negative regulator of TLR4, performed a protective role in MIRI by anti-apoptosis approach. However, the mechanism of RP105 cardioprotection of anti-inflammation is still unclear. This study aimed to explore the underlying mechanism of RP105 anti-inflammation effect in MIRI. We established a rat model of MIRI induced by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery for 30 min followed by 2 h reperfusion...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Anbang Han, Yingdong Lu, Qi Zheng, Jian Zhang, YiZhou Zhao, Mingjing Zhao, Xiangning Cui
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Qiliqiangxin (QL), a traditional Chinese medicine, has been demonstrated to be effective and safe for the treatment of chronic heart failure. Left ventricular (LV) remodeling causes depressed cardiac performance and is an independent determinant of morbidity and mortality after myocardial infarction (MI). Our previous studies have shown that QL exhibits cardiac protective effects against heart failure after MI. The objective of this study was to explore the effects of QL on myocardial fibrosis in rats with MI and to investigate the underlying mechanism of these effects...
February 28, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Rosanna Di Paola, Roberta Fusco, Enrico Gugliandolo, Ramona D'Amico, Michela Campolo, Saverio Latteri, Arianna Carughi, Giuseppina Mandalari, Salvatore Cuzzocrea
Diabetes mellitus is an important risk factor for the development of heart pathology. Myocardial infarction is the cause of death occurring after prolonged ischemia of the coronary arteries. Restoration of blood flow is the first intervention against heart attack, although the process of restoring blood flow to the ischemic myocardium could cause additional injury. This phenomenon, termed myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI-R) injury, is characterized by the formation of oxygen radicals. Pistachios have significant glucose- and insulin-lowering effects and can improve the inflammatory contest by downregulating both the expression and the circulating levels of several metabolic risk markers...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Duan Na, Hou Aijie, Luan Bo, Miao Zhilin, Yuan Long
Gamboge, the dried resin secreted by Garcinia maingayii (gambogic tree), was previously demonstrated to exert anti-inflammatory effects. The present study examined the effects of gambogic acid, the major active constituent of gamboge, on myocardial infarction (MI) and inflammation in a rat model and explored the possible underlying mechanisms. The results demonstrated that gambogic acid inhibited the ratio of heart weight to body weight and myocardial damage (via lactate dehydrogenase and cardiac troponin T) in rats with MI...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Damien N Barnette, Thomas J Cahill, Mala Gunadasa-Rohling, Carolyn A Carr, Matthew Freeman, Paul R Riley
The role of proinflammation, and specifically TNF-α, on downstream fibrosis and healing after cardiac injury remains unknown. Using iRhom2-deficient mice, which lack myeloid-specific shedding of TNF-α, we reveal increased macrophages (MΦs) that were skewed towards a more proinflammatory (M1) state at day 4, followed by more reparative, antiinflammatory (M2) state at day 7 after myocardial infarction (MI). However, associated functional cytokine expression was significantly reduced in iRhom2-mutant M1 and M2 MΦs, respectively...
February 8, 2018: JCI Insight
Rena Watanabe, Yuki Sato, Nana Ozawa, Yui Takahashi, Shinji Koba, Takuya Watanabe
Tumor necrosis factor-stimulated gene-6 (TSG-6) is a 35-kDa glycoprotein that has been shown to exert anti-inflammatory effects in experimental models of arthritis, acute myocardial infarction, and acute cerebral infarction. Several lines of evidence have shed light on the pathophysiological roles of TSG-6 in atherosclerosis. TSG-6 suppresses inflammatory responses of endothelial cells, neutrophils, and macrophages as well as macrophage foam cell formation and vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) migration and proliferation...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Qiang Zhao, Ke Wu, Nannan Li, Zhengmei Li, Fenglin Jin
Myocardial infarction (MI) is a heart disease with high morbidity and mortality rates, thus it is critical to identify genes that serve roles during its pathogenesis. The objective of the present study was to identify potentially relevant genes during the progression of the disease. Blood samples from patients with MI and normal controls (n=3/group) were obtained, the RNA was extracted and cDNA libraries were established. RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) was performed on a HiSeq 2500 platform and fragments per kilobase of exon per million fragments mapped was utilized to calculate the gene expression value following preprocessing of the RNA-seq data...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Juan Hu, Xi Wang, Yan-Hong Tang, Ying-Guang Shan, Qiang Zou, Zhi-Qiang Wang, Cong-Xin Huang
Inflammation serves a critical role in driving sympathetic neural remodeling following myocardial infarction (MI), and activin A has been implicated as an important mediator of the inflammatory response post‑MI. However, whether activin A impacts sympathetic neural remodeling post‑MI remains unclear. In the present study, the authors assessed the effects of activin A on sympathetic neural remodeling in a rat model of MI. Rats were randomly divided into sham, MI, and MI + follistatin‑300 (FS, activin A inhibitor) groups...
January 25, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Xiaogang Liu, Ye Gu, Yufeng Liu, Mingjing Zhang, Yuting Wang, Liqun Hu
AIMS: The full benefits of myocardial revascularization strategies applied to acute myocardial infarction patients might be reduced by myocardial ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury. It is known that inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of I/R injury and galectin-3, a known inflammatory factor, is actively involved in ischemia-induced inflammation and fibrosis of various organs. Previous studies demonstrated that anti-platelets therapy with ticagrelor, a new P2Y12 receptor antagonist, could effectively attenuate myocardial I/R injury and I/R injury related inflammatory responses...
January 30, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Changhai Tian, Lie Gao, Matthew C Zimmerman, Irving H Zucker
The imbalance between the synthesis of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and their elimination by antioxidant defense systems, results in macromolecular damage and disruption of cellular redox signaling, affecting cardiac structure and function, thus contributing to contractile dysfunction, myocardial hypertrophy and fibrosisinchronic heart failure (CHF). The Keap1-Nrf2 pathway is an important antioxidant defense mechanism and is closely associated with oxidative stress-mediated cardiac remodeling in CHF. In the current study, we investigated the regulation of myocardial Nrf2 in the post myocardial infarction (MI) state...
January 26, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Irina Sieve, Melanie Ricke-Hoch, Martina Kasten, Karin Battmer, Britta Stapel, Christine S Falk, Matthias S Leisegang, Axel Haverich, Michaela Scherr, Denise Hilfiker-Kleiner
Inflammation plays an important role in atherosclerosis, a notion supported by the beneficial effects of the IL-1β inhibitor canakinumab in the CANTOS trial. Sialic acids (Sias), components of the surface glycocalyx, regulate intercellular and intermolecular interactions. We investigated the expression of the Sia cleaving enzyme neuraminidase-1 (NEU1) in atherosclerotic plaques and its potential role in inflammatory processes. In isolated mononuclear blood cells from patients with myocardial infarction, NEU1 expression was increased compared to healthy controls...
January 22, 2018: Vascular Pharmacology
Eun Ha Kang, Yinzhu Jin, Gregory Brill, Jennifer Lewey, Elisabetta Patorno, Rishi J Desai, Seoyoung C Kim
BACKGROUND: We examined the cardiovascular risk of abatacept compared with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors in patients with rheumatoid arthritis with and without diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a cohort study of patients with rheumatoid arthritis who newly started abatacept or TNF inhibitors using claims data from Medicare and MarketScan. The primary outcome was a composite cardiovascular end point of myocardial infarction (MI), stroke/transient ischemic attack, and coronary revascularization...
January 24, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
J-W Bao, B Sun, P-P Ma, Y-S Gai, W-Z Sun, H-Q Yu, J Li
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of rosuvastatin on myocardial infarction in rats and its mechanism of action. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 24 Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: intensive statin group (n=8), myocardial infarction control group (n=8) and sham-operation group (n=8). The left anterior descending coronary artery was ligated to establish myocardial infarction models. Rats in intensive statin group were treated with gavage via rosuvastatin (1 mg × kg) and 1...
January 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Anamika Vishwakarma, Thakur Uttam Singh, Soya Rungsung, Tarun Kumar, Arunvikram Kandasamy, Subhashree Parida, Madhu Cholenahalli Lingaraju, Ajay Kumar, Asok Kumar, Dinesh Kumar
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of kaempferol in isoprenaline (ISP)-induced myocardial injury in rats. ISP was administered subcutaneously for two subsequent days to induce myocardial injury. Assessment of myocardial injury was done by estimation of hemodynamic functions, myocardial infarcted area, cardiac injury markers, lipid profile, oxidative stress, pro-inflammatory cytokines and histopathology of heart and liver. Rats pretreated with kaempferol showed reduction in the myocardial infarcted area and heart rate...
January 20, 2018: Cardiovascular Toxicology
Mohamed Z Gad, Noura Ayman Ahmed Abdelmonem, Nancy Osama Elsayed Turky
BACKGROUND: Thrombospondin (TSP) 1 and 4 are extracellular matrix glycoproteins that mediate cell proliferation, platelet aggregation and inflammatory response. Conflicting data addressed the possible contribution of TSP-1 and TSP-4 gene polymorphisms to acute myocardial infarction (AMI). OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to examine the association of TSP-1 (N700S) and TSP-4 (A387P) genetic variants with the incidence of AMI in Egyptians. It also correlated TSP-1 variants to TSP-1 and TNF-α serum concentrations while TSP-4 variants to IL-8 concentration identifying TSPs' contribution to vascular inflammation...
January 15, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
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