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tnf myocardial infarction

Ganesh V Halade, Vasundhara Kain, Laurence M Black, Sumanth D Prabhu, Kevin A Ingle
Post-myocardial infarction (MI), overactive inflammation is the hallmark of aging, however, the mechanism is unclear. We hypothesized that excess influx of omega 6 fatty acids may impair resolution, thus impacting the cardiosplenic and cardiorenal network post-MI. Young and aging mice were fed on standard lab chow (LC) and excess fatty acid (safflower oil; SO)-enriched diet for 2 months and were then subjected to MI surgery. Despite similar infarct areas and left ventricle (LV) dysfunction post-MI, splenic mass spectrometry data revealed higher levels of arachidonic acid (AA) derived pro-inflammatory metabolites in young-SO, but minimal formation of docosanoids, D- and E- series resolvins in SO-fed aged mice...
October 18, 2016: Aging
Kapil Suchal, Salma Malik, Nanda Gamad, Rajiv Kumar Malhotra, Sameer N Goyal, Jagriti Bhatia, Dharamvir Singh Arya
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction (MI) continues to be associated with high morbidity and mortality worldwide despite the availability of current therapeutic modalities. Kaempferol (KMP), a dietary flavonoid, possesses good antioxidant, immunomodulatory and anti-apoptotic properties and has been evaluated in the present study for its role in mitigating myocardial injury following MI. PURPOSE: In this study, the ability of KMP to protect heart against isoproterenol (ISO) induced oxidative stress and myocardial infarction was evaluated...
November 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Julie A Birt, YingMeei Tan, Neelufar Mozaffarian
OBJECTIVES: To better understand the real-world characteristics and costs of Sjögren's syndrome (SS). METHODS: Analysing the MarketScan Commercial Claims database from Jan. 1, 2006 to Dec. 31, 2011, we identified 10,414 patients ≥18 years old newly diagnosed with SS. Patient characteristics, drugs (commonly used for SS), resource utilisation, and medical costs were evaluated for 12 months pre- and post-diagnosis. RESULTS: Mean age was 55 years; 90% were female...
October 7, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Dan Han, Jie Wei, Rui Zhang, Wenhuan Ma, Chen Shen, Yidong Feng, Nian Xia, Dan Xu, Dongcheng Cai, Yunman Li, Weirong Fang
Hyperlipidemia aggravates myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury through stimulating excessive inflammatory response. Therefore, blockade of inflammatory signal is a potential therapeutic management for MI/R complicated with hyperlipidemia. Hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA, a monomer extracted from Carthamus tinctorius L.), was studied in this article to address that the regulation of inflammatory signal would alleviate MI/R combined with hyperlipidemia injury. High-fat diet induced hyperlipidemia worsened MI/R mediated heart injury (elevation of infarct size, CK-MB and LDH activity), activated TLR4 over-expression in hearts, released inflammatory cytokines (LPS, TNF-α and IL-1β) excessively...
October 12, 2016: Scientific Reports
Bin Yang, Ping Yan, Hui Gong, Lin Zuo, Ying Shi, Jian Guo, Rui Guo, Jun Xie, Bao Li
Myocyte apoptosis is a key determinant of cardiac recovery and prognosis of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK), a member of TNF superfamily, is a pro-inflammatory and pro-angiogenic cytokine implicated in physiological tissue regeneration and wound repair and is closely related to cardiac remodeling, dysfunction and fibrosis. However, the role of TWEAK and its receptor Fn14 in the cardiomyocyte apoptosis is still poorly understood...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Chaoyi Qin, Jun Gu, Ruiqi Liu, Fei Xu, Hong Qian, Qian He, Wei Meng
OBJECTIVE: The present study is an exploration of the dynamic changes of plasma mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid (mtDNA) and inflammatory level in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with acute MI and 33 control participants were included in the study. Blood samples were collected on admission, 12 hours post-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), 24 hours post-PCI, and 48 hours post-PCI. White blood cell (WBC) count and Creactive protein (CRP) level were determined...
October 5, 2016: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
X P Hua, J Qian, C B Cao, J Xie, X T Zeng, Z J Zhang
The tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) G-308A polymorphism has been suggested to be a susceptibility factor for myocardial infarction (MI). However, differing results from various studies have led to controversial conclusions. Hence, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the association between TNF-α G-308A polymorphism and MI. Reported studies published before March 30, 2015 were included and analyzed from the PubMed and Embase databases. Study selection and data extraction were carried out independently by two authors...
August 29, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Wen-Pin Cheng, Huey-Ming Lo, Bao-Wei Wang, Su-Kiat Chua, Ming-Jen Lu, Kou-Gi Shyu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: TRB3 (tribbles 3), an apoptosis-regulated gene, increases during endoplasmic reticulum stress. Hypoxia can induce inflammatory mediators and apoptosis in cardiomyocytes. However, the expression of TRB3 in cardiomyocyte apoptosis under hypoxia is not thoroughly known. We investigated the regulation mechanism of TRB3 expression and apoptosis induced by hypoxia in cardiomyocytes. METHODS: An in vivo model of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was applied in adult Wistar rats to induce myocardial hypoxia...
September 16, 2016: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
Christoph Lipps, Jenine H Nguyen, Lukas Pyttel, Thomas L Lynch, Christoph Liebetrau, Ganna Aleshcheva, Sandra Voss, Oliver Dörr, Holger M Nef, Helge Möllmann, Christian W Hamm, Sakthivel Sadayappan, Christian Troidl
Myocardial infarction (MI) leads to loss and degradation of contractile cardiac tissue followed by sterile inflammation of the myocardium through activation and recruitment of innate and adaptive cells of the immune system. Recently, it was shown that cardiac myosin binding protein-C (cMyBP-C), a protein of the cardiac sarcomere, is degraded following MI, releasing a predominant N-terminal 40-kDa fragment (C0C1f) into myocardial tissue and the systemic circulation. We hypothesized that early release of C0C1f contributes to the initiation of inflammation and plays a key role in recruitment and activation of immune cells...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Anne Briançon-Marjollet, Denis Monneret, Marion Henri, Marie Joyeux-Faure, Perle Totoson, Sandrine Cachot, Patrice Faure, Diane Godin-Ribuot
What is the central question of this study? This study addresses the relative impact of obesity and intermittent hypoxia in the pathophysiological process of obstructive sleep apnoea by investigating the metabolic, inflammatory and cardiovascular consequences of intermittent hypoxia in lean and obese Zucker rats. What is the main finding and its importance? We found that obesity and intermittent hypoxia have mainly distinct consequences on the investigated inflammatory and cardiometabolic parameters in Zucker rats...
October 5, 2016: Experimental Physiology
Ernestina M De Francesco, Carmine Rocca, Francesco Scavello, Daniela Amelio, Teresa Pasqua, Damiano C Rigiracciolo, Andrea Scarpelli, Silvia Avino, Francesca Cirillo, Nicola Amodio, Maria C Cerra, Marcello Maggiolini, Tommaso Angelone
The use of Doxorubicin (Dox), a frontline drug for many cancers, is often complicated by dose-limiting cardiotoxicity in approximately 20% of patients. The G-protein estrogen receptor GPER/GPR30 mediates estrogen action as the cardioprotection under certain stressful conditions. For instance, GPER activation by the selective agonist G-1 reduced myocardial inflammation, improved immunosuppression, triggered pro-survival signaling cascades, improved myocardial mechanical performance and reduced infarct size after ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Wei-Ping Zhang, Qiao-Feng Zong, Qin Gao, Ying Yu, Xiao-Yu Gu, Ya Wang, Zheng-Hong Li, Min Ge
Endomorphins (EMs) have important roles in the body with regards to analgesia, feeding behavior, gastrointestinal movement and inflammatory reaction. Recent studies have reported that EMs may also participate in chronic hypoxia in the protection of rat myocardial ischemia/reperfusion; however, the mediator and underlying mechanisms remain to be elucidated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of EM‑1 postconditioning on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (MIRI) and myocardial cell apoptosis in a rat model, and to assess its likely mechanisms...
October 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Tariq Hamid, Yuanyuan Xu, Mohamed Ameen Ismahil, Qianhong Li, Steven P Jones, Aruni Bhatnagar, Roberto Bolli, Sumanth D Prabhu
Despite expansion of resident cardiac stem cells (CSCs; c-kit(+)Lin(-)) after myocardial infarction, endogenous repair processes are insufficient to prevent adverse cardiac remodeling and heart failure (HF). This suggests that the microenvironment in post-ischemic and failing hearts compromises CSC regenerative potential. Inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF), are increased after infarction and in HF; whether they modulate CSC function is unknown. As the effects of TNF are specific to its two receptors (TNFRs), we tested the hypothesis that TNF differentially modulates CSC function in a TNFR-specific manner...
September 2, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
J Tosic Dragovic, J Popovic, P Djuric, A Jankovic, A Bulatovic, M Barovic, V Pravica, J Marinkovic, N Dimkovic
Uremia-related inflammation is prone to be a key factor to explain high cardiovascular morbidity in hemodialysis patients. Genetic susceptibility may be of importance, including IL-10, IL-6, and TNF. The aim was to analyze IL-10, IL-6, and TNF gene polymorphisms in a group of hemodialysis patients and to correlate the findings with cardiovascular morbidity. This study included 169 patients on regular hemodialysis at Zvezdara University Medical Center. Gene polymorphisms for IL-10, IL-6 and TNF were determined using PCR...
August 7, 2016: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
K L Hemalatha, P Stanely Mainzen Prince
Myocardial infarction continues to be a major public health problem. Reduction in mortality rate and prevention of myocardial infarction are of utmost importance. Inflammation and thrombosis play an important role in the pathogenesis of myocardial infarction. The anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic effects of zingerone were evaluated in isoproterenol induced myocardial infarcted rats. Rats were pretreated with zingerone (6mg/kg body weight) daily for 14 days and were then induced myocardial infarction with isoproterenol (100mg/kg body weight) on 15th and 16th day...
August 26, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
Cassio Kampits, Marlon M Montenegro, Ingrid W J Ribeiro, Mariana V Furtado, Carisi A Polanczyk, Cassiano K Rösing, Alex N Haas
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 91 patients with stable CAD who had been under optimized cardiovascular care. Blood levels of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IFN-γ, and TNF-α were measured by Luminex technology. A full-mouth periodontal examination was conducted to record probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment (CA) loss. Multiple linear regression models, adjusting for gender, body mass index, oral hypoglycemic drugs, smoking, and occurre:nce of acute myocardial infarction were applied...
July 2016: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
Nelli Giribabu, Josef Roslan, Somesula Swapna Rekha, Naguib Salleh
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that consumption of Vitis vinifera seed by diabetics could help to ameliorate myocardial damage. Therefore, in this study, we investigated effects of V. vinifera seed methanolic extract (VVSME) on parameters related to myocardial damage in diabetes with or without myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: Streptozotocin-nicotinamide induced diabetic rats received oral VVSME for 28days. MI was induced by intraperitoneal injection of isoproterenol on last two days...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Zhifeng Zhang, Yuan Liu, Xuecong Ren, Hua Zhou, Kaishun Wang, Hao Zhang, Pei Luo
Erigeron multiradiatus (Lindl.) Benth. has been used in Tibet folk medicine to treat various inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate antimyocardial ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury effect of caffeoylquinic acids derivatives of E. multiradiatus (AE) in vivo and to explain underling mechanism. AE was prepared using the whole plant of E. multiradiatus and contents of 6 caffeoylquinic acids determined through HPLC analysis. Myocardial I/R was induced by left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion for 30 minutes followed by 24 hours of reperfusion in rats...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
Yvette Meissner, Angela Zink, Jörn Kekow, Karin Rockwitz, Anke Liebhaber, Silke Zinke, Kerstin Gerhold, Adrian Richter, Joachim Listing, Anja Strangfeld
BACKGROUND: The aim was to estimate the impact of individual risk factors and treatment with various disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) on the incidence of myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: We analysed data from 11,285 patients with RA, enrolled in the prospective cohort study RABBIT, at the start of biologic (b) or conventional synthetic (cs) DMARDs. A nested case-control study was conducted, defining patients with MI during follow-up as cases...
2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
György Temesszentandrási, Krisztián Vörös, Bernadett Márkus, Zoltán Böröcz, Edit Kaszás, Zoltán Prohászka, András Falus, Károly Cseh, László Kalabay
BACKGROUND Human fetuin A (AHSG) has been associated with the development of obesity, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and atherosclerosis. Observations on the role of AHSG rs4918 single-nucleotide polymorphism are contradictory. We investigated the association between variants of rs4918 and parameters of obesity, lipid status, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα), adipokines (adiponectin, resistin, leptin), and insulin resistance in healthy persons and in patients with previous myocardial infarction...
2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
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