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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149794/love-intimacy-and-sexuality-in-residential-dementia-care-a-spousal-perspective
#1
Tineke Sm Roelofs, Katrien G Luijkx, Petri Jcm Embregts
The experiences and needs of spouses of residential care facility residents with dementia, regarding friendship, love, intimacy, and sexuality were explored. Understanding of how spouses make sense of their experiences was pursued. Semi-structured interviews were held with nine spouses of people with dementia, living in high intensive 24-hour care units within residential care facilities. The results show that friendship, love, intimacy, and sexuality were still embedded in the couples' marital lives, but all in their own way...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149117/-influence-of-titanium-dioxide-activated-under-visible-light-on-survival-of-mold-fungi
#2
Daria Kądziołka, Paulina Rokicka, Agata Markowska-Szczupak, Antoni W Morawski
BACKGROUND: In public and residential buildings, fungi are usually found in the dust or growing on building materials medium such. It has been known that a number of their spores may contaminate the indoor environment and deteriorate air quality in accommodation spaces. Previously designed air cleaning systems do not guarantee a complete removal of agents harmful to humans and animals. Therefore, there is a great need to develop a new solution to remove molds from indoor air. In recent years, photocatalysis based on titanium dioxide (TiO<sub>2</sub>) has been proposed as an effective method for air pollutants removal...
November 17, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145263/ldl-cholesterol-goal-attainment-under-persistent-lipid-lowering-therapy-in-northeast-china-subgroup-analysis-of-the-dyslipidemia-international-study-of-china-dysis-china
#3
Wen Zheng, Yu-Jiao Zhang, Xiang-Ting Bu, Xin-Zhu Guo, Da-Yi Hu, Zhan-Quan Li, Jian Sun
Lipid-lowering therapy with statins reduces the risk of cardiovascular events, but the efficacy of persistent treatment in a real-world setting may vary from regions. Routine lipid-lowering therapy in the region with a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease may lead to more failures of goal attainment. We therefore performed a study to observe different lipid-lowering strategies in northeast (NE) China with respect to low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) reduction and goal attainments.A cross-sectional study (DYSIS-China) was conducted in 2012, involving 25,317 patients from 122 centers across China who were diagnosed with hyperlipidemia and treated with lipid-lowering therapy for at least 3 months...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145055/urban-stormwater-characterisation-and-nitrogen-composition-from-lot-scale-catchments-new-management-implications
#4
REVIEW
Terry Lucke, Darren Drapper, Andy Hornbuckle
Stormwater runoff from urban areas has been shown to contain a variety of pollutants which are often linked to the specific land use of the catchment. This research program investigated the pollutant concentrations in stormwater runoff from several sites in South-east Queensland (SEQ), in Australia. The study sites are predominantly single development lots, under 7.5hectares (Ha) in area, with a single land-use classification that have been developed with stormwater treatment measures to manage pollutant loads as required by local regulations...
November 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144387/neighborhood-prices-of-healthier-and-unhealthier-foods-and-associations-with-diet-quality-evidence-from-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#5
David M Kern, Amy H Auchnicloss, Mark F Stehr, Ana V Diez Roux, Latetia V Moore, Genevieve P Kanter, Lucy F Robinson
It is known that the price of food influences the purchasing and consumption decisions of individuals; however, little work has examined if the price of healthier food relative to unhealthier food in an individual's neighborhood is associated with overall dietary quality while using data from multiple regions in the United States. Cross-sectional person-level data came from The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (exam 5, 2010-2012 n = 2765); a food frequency questionnaire assessed diet. Supermarket food/beverage prices came from Information Resources Inc...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144301/contamination-levels-and-potential-sources-of-organic-pollution-in-an-asian-river
#6
Chitsan Lin, Kim Anh Nguyen, Chi Thanh Vu, Delia Senoro, Maria Ching Villanueva
The Houjing River has long been an environmental victim of economic development. Industries that have settled along the bank of this river may have largely contributed to severe organic wastes pollution. This study collected water and sediment samples at various points along the river and measured concentrations of 61 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and 128 semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) for a period of 16 months (Feb 2014-June 2015). Our analyses show that elevated levels of VOCs were observed near two industrial areas, Dashe and Renwu industrial parks...
November 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143548/evaluation-on-the-thyroid-disrupting-mechanism-of-malathion-in-fischer-rat-thyroid-follicular-cell-line-frtl-5
#7
Jingyuan Xiong, Liantian Tian, Yongjie Qiu, Ding Sun, Hao Zhang, Mei Wu, Jintao Wang
Thyroid hormones are involved in many important physiological activities including regulation of energy metabolism, development of nervous system, maintenance of cerebral functions, and so on. Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) that interfere with thyroid functions raise serious concerns due to their frequent misuse in areas where regulations are poorly implemented. In addition, chemicals that are originally regarded safe may now be considered as toxic with the development of life sciences. Malathion is an organophosphate insecticide that is widely applied and distributed in agricultural and residential settings...
November 16, 2017: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143495/palliative-care-in-residential-aged-care-an-overview
#8
Juliet Butler
OBJECTIVE: To measure how care needs, health and length of stay in permanent residential aged care differs by assessed need for palliative care. METHODS: On entry into permanent residential aged care, people's care needs and health conditions are assessed on the Aged Care Funding Instrument. Data for the period 2008-2009 and 2015-2016 were analysed for trends in care needs, health conditions, length of stay and separation reason across assessed need for palliative care...
November 15, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143427/effectiveness-of-educational-program-using-printed-educational-material-on-care-burden-distress-among-staff-of-residential-aged-care-facilities-without-medical-specialists-and-or-registered-nurses-cluster-quasi-randomization-study
#9
Koji Fukuda, Seishi Terada, Mamoru Hashimoto, Katsuyuki Ukai, Ryo Kumagai, Mizue Suzuki, Masahiro Nagaya, Mika Yoshida, Hideyuki Hattori, Kenta Murotani, Kenji Toba
AIM: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia are an important source of distress for caregivers. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of educational intervention using printed educational material for reducing distress induced by behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia among caregivers working at facilities without medical specialists and/or registered nurses. METHODS: A cluster quasi-randomized, controlled comparative trial was carried out at 17 facilities in Japan...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139125/validation-of-the-distress-tolerance-scale-short-form-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#10
Lauryn E Garner, Nathaniel Van Kirk, Eric D Tifft, Jason W Krompinger, Brittany M Mathes, Maria Fraire, Martha J Falkenstein, Brian P Brennan, Jesse M Crosby, Jason A Elias
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop and validate the Distress Tolerance Scale-Short Form (DTS-SF), a modification of the original Distress Tolerance Scale, in a severe/complex sample of individuals with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Currently, there are multiple self-report measurements of distress tolerance (DT), highlighting the need for a more refined measure. METHOD: Participants included 222 individuals with a primary diagnosis of OCD (57% male, average age = 31) seeking intensive/residential treatment...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139077/spatiotemporal-patterns-and-source-attribution-of-nitrogen-pollution-in-a-typical-headwater-agricultural-watershed-in-southeastern-china
#11
Wenjun Chen, Bin He, Daniel Nover, Weili Duan, Chuan Luo, Kaiyan Zhao, Wen Chen
Excessive nitrogen (N) discharge from agriculture causes widespread problems in aquatic ecosystems. Knowledge of spatiotemporal patterns and source attribution of N pollution is critical for nutrient management programs but is poorly studied in headwaters with various small water bodies and mini-point pollution sources. Taking a typical small watershed in the low mountains of Southeastern China as an example, N pollution and source attribution were studied for a multipond system around a village using the Hydrological Simulation Program-Fortran (HSPF) model...
November 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138540/a-qualitative-study-exploring-issues-related-to-medication-management-in-residential-aged-care-facilities
#12
Mariani Ahmad Nizaruddin, Marhanis-Salihah Omar, Adliah Mhd-Ali, Mohd Makmor-Bakry
Background: Globally, the population of older people is on the rise. As families are burdened with the high cost of care for aging members, demand is increasing for medical care and nursing homes. Thus, medication management is crucial to ensure that residents in a care center benefit and assist the management of the care center in reducing the burden of health care. This study is aimed to qualitatively explore issues related to medication management in residential aged care facilities (RACFs)...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137529/disorderly-households-self-presentation-and-mortality-evidence-from-a-national-study-of-older-adults
#13
Markus H Schafer, Laura Upenieks, Andie MacNeil
This article examines whether disorderly household conditions and bodily self-presentation predict mortality, above and beyond four sets of variables conceptually linked to both death and disorder. Data come from 2005/2006 and 2010/2011 waves of the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project. We used naturalistic observation of respondents' homes and bodies, along with a diverse range of additional covariates, to predict probability of death. Older adults living in disorderly households were at highest risk of death over 5 years, primarily because they confronted high levels of frailty...
January 1, 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136521/toward-dynamic-urban-environmental-exposure-assessments-in-mental-health-research
#14
Marco Helbich
It is increasingly recognized that mental disorders are affected by both personal characteristics and environmental exposures. The built, natural, and social environments can either contribute to or buffer against metal disorders. Environmental exposure assessments related to mental health typically rely on neighborhoods within which people currently live. In this article, I call into question such neighborhood-based exposure assessments at one point in time, because human life unfolds over space and across time...
November 11, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136195/hour-by-hour-physical-activity-patterns-of-adults-aged-45-65-years-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
F M Jansen, G H van Kollenburg, C B M Kamphuis, F H Pierik, D F Ettema
Background: Limited information exists on hour-by-hour physical activity (PA) patterns among adults aged 45-65 years. Therefore, this study aimed to distinguish typical hour-by-hour PA patterns, and examined which individuals typically adopt certain PA patterns. Methods: Accelerometers measured light and moderate-vigorous PA. GIS-data provided proportions of land use within an 800 and 1600 m buffer around participant's homes. Latent class analyses were performed to distinguish PA patterns and groups of individuals with similar PA patterns...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136183/glyphosate-use-and-cancer-incidence-in-the-agricultural-health-study
#16
Gabriella Andreotti, Stella Koutros, Jonathan N Hofmann, Dale P Sandler, Jay H Lubin, Charles F Lynch, Catherine C Lerro, Anneclaire J De Roos, Christine G Parks, Michael C Alavanja, Debra T Silverman, Laura E Beane Freeman
Background: Glyphosate is the most commonly used herbicide worldwide, with both residential and agricultural uses. In 2015, the International Agency for Research on Cancer classified glyphosate as "probably carcinogenic to humans," noting strong mechanistic evidence and positive associations for non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in some epidemiologic studies. A previous evaluation in the Agricultural Health Study (AHS) with follow-up through 2001 found no statistically significant associations with glyphosate use and cancer at any site...
November 9, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133324/effects-of-falls-prevention-interventions-on-falls-outcomes-for-hospitalised-adults-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#17
Susan C Slade, David L Carey, Anne-Marie Hill, Meg E Morris
INTRODUCTION: Falls are a major global public health problem and leading cause of accidental or unintentional injury and hospitalisation. Falls in hospital are associated with longer length of stay, readmissions and poor outcomes. Falls prevention is informed by knowledge of reversible falls risk factors and accurate risk identification. The extent to which hospital falls are prevented by evidence-based practice, patient self-management initiatives, environmental modifications and optimisation of falls prevention systems awaits confirmation...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132658/-elderly-hospitalised-people-and-walking-capacities
#18
Camille Castel, Pascale Lescure, Gilles Loggia, Rémi Morello, Rémi De Mil, Guillaume Saint-Lorant
Falls in the elderly are frequent. A study carried out over 6 months in a university hospital's acute geriatric unit highlighted the real walking capacities of hospitalised elderly people. It also changed the perception of caregivers, doctors and nurses with regard to the real physical aptitudes of these patients enabling the risk of falls to be reduced in preparation for their return home or to a residential care home.
November 2017: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132498/perspectives-from-practice-complexities-of-personal-care-workers
#19
Julie-Anne Martyn, Sally Zanella, Adele Wilkinson
Personal care workers (PCWs) make up the bulk of the workforce in residential and community care services. The knowledge and skill set needed for safe and effective practice in care settings is extensive. A diverse range of registered training organisations (RTOs) offering Certificate III and IV in Individual Support (aging, home and community) are tasked with producing job-ready PCWs. However, the curricula of these programs vary. Additionally, a national code of conduct for healthcare workers became effective in October 2015 as a governance framework for PCWs...
November 14, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132045/bullying-and-social-anxiety-in-chinese-children-moderating-roles-of-trait-resilience-and-psychological-suzhi
#20
Lili Wu, Dajun Zhang, Gang Cheng, Tianqiang Hu
Research examining the relationship between bullying victimization and social anxiety has mainly been conducted in Western countries, and little is known about the mechanisms underlying this relationship. This study explores the correlation between bullying victimization and social anxiety in a Chinese context and determines the moderating roles of psychological suzhi (a mental quality characterized by being steady, essential and implicit that affects adaptive, developmental, and creative behavior) and trait resilience among victims of bullying...
November 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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