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Trends in neuroscience

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914996/a-peircean-account-of-concepts-grounding-abstraction-in-phylogeny-through-a-comparative-neuroscientific-perspective
#1
REVIEW
Valentina Cuccio, Vittorio Gallese
The nature of concepts has always been a hotly debated topic in both philosophy and psychology and, more recently, also in cognitive neuroscience. Different accounts have been proposed of what concepts are. These accounts reflect deeply different conceptions of how the human mind works. In the last decades, two diametrically opposed theories of human cognition have been discussed and empirically investigated: the Computational Theory of Mind, on the one hand (Fodor 1983 The modularity of mind: an essay on faculty psychology ; Pylyshyn 1984 Computation and cognition: toward a foundation for cognitive science ), and Embodied Cognition (Barsalou 2008 Annu...
August 5, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903532/muscleless-motor-synergies-and-actions-without-movements-from-motor-neuroscience-to-cognitive-robotics
#2
REVIEW
Vishwanathan Mohan, Ajaz Bhat, Pietro Morasso
Emerging trends in neurosciences are providing converging evidence that cortical networks in predominantly motor areas are activated in several contexts related to 'action' that do not cause any overt movement. Indeed for any complex body, human or embodied robot inhabiting unstructured environments, the dual processes of shaping motor output during action execution and providing the self with information related to feasibility, consequence and understanding of potential actions (of oneself/others) must seamlessly alternate during goal-oriented behaviors, social interactions...
April 27, 2018: Physics of Life Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897906/preference-test-of-sound-among-multiple-alternatives-in-rats
#3
Ryo Soga, Tomoyo Isoguchi Shiramatsu, Hirokazu Takahashi
Conditioned place preference (CPP) tests in rodents have been well established to measure preference induced by secondary reinforcing properties, but conventional assays are not sensitive enough to measure innate, weak preference, or the primary reinforcing property of a conditioned stimulus. We designed a novel CPP assay with better sensitivity and efficiency in quantifying and ranking preference of particular sounds among multiple alternatives. Each test tone was presented according to the location of free-moving rats in the arena, where assignment of location to each tone changed in every 20-s session...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895478/the-insula-an-underestimated-brain-area-in-clinical-neuroscience-psychiatry-and-neurology-trends-in-neuroscience-40-200-207-2017
#4
REVIEW
Ho Namkung, Sun-Hong Kim, Akira Sawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2018: Trends in Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863790/neuroimaging-neuromodulation-and-population-health-the-neuroscience-of-chronic-disease-prevention
#5
REVIEW
Peter A Hall, Warren K Bickel, Kirk I Erickson, Dylan D Wagner
Preventable chronic diseases are the leading cause of death in the majority of countries throughout the world, and this trend will continue for the foreseeable future. The potential to offset the social, economic, and personal burdens associated with such conditions depends on our ability to influence people's thought processes, decisions, and behaviors, all of which can be understood with reference to the brain itself. Within the health neuroscience framework, the brain can be viewed as a predictor, mediator, moderator, or outcome in relation to health-related phenomena...
June 4, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779747/art-energy-and-the-brain
#6
Robert Pepperell
Recent years have seen a growing interest among neuroscientists and vision scientists in art and aesthetics, exemplifying a more general trend toward interdisciplinary integration in the arts, humanities, and sciences. However, true art-science integration remains a distant prospect due to fundamental differences in outlook and approach between disciplines. I consider two great challenges for any project designed to explain the role of the brain in art appreciation. First, scientists and artists need to identify common ground, common questions, and a shared motivation for inquiry...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745514/-research-development-of-real-time-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-neuro-feedback-technology-based-on-brain-network-connectivity
#7
REVIEW
Wenjie He, Haibing Bu, Li Tong, Fuquan Liu, Ying Zeng, Linyuan Wang, Bin Yan
The emergence of real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (rt-fMRI) has provided foundations for neurofeedback based on brain hemodynamics and has given the new opportunity and challenge to cognitive neuroscience research. Along with the study of advanced brain neural mechanisms, the regulation goal of rt-fMRI neurofeedback develops from the early specific brain region activity to the brain network connectivity more accordant with the brain functional activities, and the study of the latter may be a trend in the area...
June 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738986/neural-data-science-accelerating-the-experiment-analysis-theory-cycle-in-large-scale-neuroscience
#8
REVIEW
L Paninski, J P Cunningham
Modern large-scale multineuronal recording methodologies, including multielectrode arrays, calcium imaging, and optogenetic techniques, produce single-neuron resolution data of a magnitude and precision that were the realm of science fiction twenty years ago. The major bottlenecks in systems and circuit neuroscience no longer lie in simply collecting data from large neural populations, but also in understanding this data: developing novel scientific questions, with corresponding analysis techniques and experimental designs to fully harness these new capabilities and meaningfully interrogate these questions...
April 19, 2018: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724119/stating-asymmetry-in-neural-pathways-methodological-trends-in-autonomic-neuroscience
#9
Carlos Henrique Xavier, Michelle Mendanha Mendonça, Fernanda Ribeiro Marins, Elder Sales da Silva, Danielle Ianzer, Diego Basile Colugnati, Gustavo Rodrigues Pedrino, Marco Antonio Peliky Fontes
Many particularities concerning interhemispheric differences still need to be explored and unveiled. Functional and anatomical differential features found between left and right brain sides are best known as asymmetries and are consequence of the unilateral neuronal recruitment or predominance that is set to organize some function. The outflow from different neural pathways involved in the autonomic control of the cardiovascular system may route through asymmetrically relayed efferences (ipsilateral/lateralized and/or contralateral)...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705713/the-neural-markers-of-mri-to-differentiate-depression-and-panic-disorder
#10
REVIEW
Chien-Han Lai
Depression and panic disorder (PD) share the common pathophysiology from the perspectives of neurotransmitters. The relatively high comorbidity between depression and PD contributes to the substantial obstacles to differentiate from depression and PD, especially for the brain pathophysiology. There are significant differences in the diagnostic criteria between depression and PD. However, the paradox of similar pathophysiology and different diagnostic criteria in these two disorders were still the issues needing to be addressed...
April 27, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662432/frontal-brain-asymmetry-and-willingness-to-pay
#11
Thomas Z Ramsøy, Martin Skov, Maiken K Christensen, Carsten Stahlhut
Consumers frequently make decisions about how much they are willing to pay (WTP) for specific products and services, but little is known about the neural mechanisms underlying such calculations. In this study, we were interested in testing whether specific brain activation-the asymmetry in engagement of the prefrontal cortex-would be related to consumer choice. Subjects saw products and subsequently decided how much they were willing to pay for each product, while undergoing neuroimaging using electroencephalography...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622559/who-s-contributing-most-to-american-neuroscience-journals-american-or-foreign-authors
#12
P Charkhchi, M Mirbolouk, R Jalilian, D M Yousem
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: With globalization, the contributions of authors from abroad to the American published literature has increased. We sought to determine the changes with time in the proportional contributions of American and non-American authors in the American neurosciences literature. We hypothesized the following: 1) During the past 21 years, manuscript contributions of American institutions have proportionally decreased in neuroradiology, more than in neurosurgery or neurology; 2) contributions of Asian institutions have affected neuroradiology more than neurosurgery and neurology; and 3) American articles garner more citations...
April 5, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556187/arkheia-data-management-and-communication-for-open-computational-neuroscience
#13
Ján Antolík, Andrew P Davison
Two trends have been unfolding in computational neuroscience during the last decade. First, a shift of focus to increasingly complex and heterogeneous neural network models, with a concomitant increase in the level of collaboration within the field (whether direct or in the form of building on top of existing tools and results). Second, a general trend in science toward more open communication, both internally, with other potential scientific collaborators, and externally, with the wider public. This multi-faceted development toward more integrative approaches and more intense communication within and outside of the field poses major new challenges for modelers, as currently there is a severe lack of tools to help with automatic communication and sharing of all aspects of a simulation workflow to the rest of the community...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543993/neural-predictors-of-eating-behavior-and-dietary-change
#14
REVIEW
Nicole R Giuliani, Junaid S Merchant, Danielle Cosme, Elliot T Berkman
Recently, there has been an increase in the number of human neuroimaging studies seeking to predict behavior above and beyond traditional measurements such as self-report. This trend has been particularly notable in the area of food consumption, as the percentage of people categorized as overweight or obese continues to rise. In this review, we argue that there is considerable utility in this form of health neuroscience, modeling the neural bases of eating behavior and dietary change in healthy community populations...
March 15, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356010/a-life-in-academia-my-career-in-brief
#15
Kenneth Hugdahl
In this article I have summarized some of the main trends and topics of my research career, spanning a time period of 50 years, from its start as a master student at the Department of Psychology, University of Uppsala, Sweden to seeing the end of a long career, now at the University of Bergen, Norway. This journey has, apart from having been a journey across various disciplines and topics in experimental psychology, psychophysiology and neuropsychology, functional neuroimaging and cognitive neuroscience, also been a social class journey for me personally...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340519/evaluating-the-current-state-of-the-art-of-huntington-disease-research-a-scientometric-analysis
#16
REVIEW
L A Barboza, N C Ghisi
Huntington disease (HD) is an incurable neurodegenerative disorder caused by a dominant mutation on the 4th chromosome. We aim to present a scientometric analysis of the extant scientific undertakings devoted to better understanding HD. Therefore, a quantitative study was performed to examine the current state-of-the-art approaches that foster researchers' understandings of the current knowledge, research trends, and research gaps regarding this disorder. We performed literature searches of articles that were published up to September 2016 in the "ISI Web of Science™" (http://apps...
January 11, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317106/resting-brains-never-rest-computational-insights-into-potential-cognitive-architectures-trends-in-neurosciences-36-268-274-2013
#17
Gustavo Deco, Viktor K Jirsa, Anthony R McIntosh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Trends in Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300237/dedicated-afternoon-rounds-for-icu-patients-families-and-family-satisfaction-with-care
#18
Urs Weber, Jennifer Johnson, Nathanial Anderson, Andrea K Knies, Belinda Nhundu, Cynthia Bautista, Kevin B Huang, Muhammad Hamza, Jessica White, Anna Coppola, Kathleen M Akgün, David M Greer, Evie G Marcolini, Emily J Gilmore, Nils H Petersen, Nona Timario, Kelly Poskus, Kevin N Sheth, David Y Hwang
OBJECTIVE: It was hypothesized that adding dedicated afternoon rounds for patients' families to supplement standard family support would improve overall family satisfaction with care in a neuroscience ICU. DESIGN: Pre- and postimplementation (pre-I and post-I) design. SETTING: Single academic neuroscience ICU. PATIENTS: Patients in the neuroscience ICU admitted for longer than 72 hours or made comfort measures only at any point during neuroscience ICU admission...
April 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277719/miniature-pig-model-of-human-adolescent-brain-white-matter-development
#19
Meghann C Ryan, Paul Sherman, Laura M Rowland, S Andrea Wijtenburg, Ashley Acheson, Els Fieremans, Jelle Veraart, Dmitry S Novikov, L Elliot Hong, John Sladky, P Dana Peralta, Peter Kochunov, Stephen A McGuire
BACKGROUND: Neuroscience research in brain development and disorders can benefit from an in vivo animal model that portrays normal white matter (WM) development trajectories and has a sufficiently large cerebrum for imaging with human MRI scanners and protocols. NEW METHOD: Twelve three-month-old Sinclair™ miniature pigs (Sus scrofa domestica) were longitudinally evaluated during adolescent development using advanced diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) focused on cerebral WM...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186043/trend-in-h%C3%A2-s-biology-and-medicine-research-a-bibliometric-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Guangdong Yang, Lingyun Wu
The biological and medical importance of hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) has been recognized for decades. The aim of this bibliometric study is to analyze the quantity and quality of publications in H₂S biology and medicine (H₂SBM) based on the databases of Web of Science and Google Scholar. A total of 5881 publications published between 1990 and 2016 were analyzed. The number of H₂SBM papers published before 2004 was below 100 annually, but thereafter this number rapidly increased and peaked in 2015 with more than 7-fold increase...
November 29, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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