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Trends in neuroscience

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356010/a-life-in-academia-my-career-in-brief
#1
Kenneth Hugdahl
In this article I have summarized some of the main trends and topics of my research career, spanning a time period of 50 years, from its start as a master student at the Department of Psychology, University of Uppsala, Sweden to seeing the end of a long career, now at the University of Bergen, Norway. This journey has, apart from having been a journey across various disciplines and topics in experimental psychology, psychophysiology and neuropsychology, functional neuroimaging and cognitive neuroscience, also been a social class journey for me personally...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340519/evaluating-the-current-state-of-the-art-of-huntington-disease-research-a-scientometric-analysis
#2
L A Barboza, N C Ghisi
Huntington disease (HD) is an incurable neurodegenerative disorder caused by a dominant mutation on the 4th chromosome. We aim to present a scientometric analysis of the extant scientific undertakings devoted to better understanding HD. Therefore, a quantitative study was performed to examine the current state-of-the-art approaches that foster researchers' understandings of the current knowledge, research trends, and research gaps regarding this disorder. We performed literature searches of articles that were published up to September 2016 in the "ISI Web of Science™" (http://apps...
January 11, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317106/resting-brains-never-rest-computational-insights-into-potential-cognitive-architectures-trends-in-neurosciences-36-268-274-2013
#3
Gustavo Deco, Viktor K Jirsa, Anthony R McIntosh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2018: Trends in Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300237/dedicated-afternoon-rounds-for-icu-patients-families-and-family-satisfaction-with-care
#4
Urs Weber, Jennifer Johnson, Nathanial Anderson, Andrea K Knies, Belinda Nhundu, Cynthia Bautista, Kevin B Huang, Muhammad Hamza, Jessica White, Anna Coppola, Kathleen M Akgün, David M Greer, Evie G Marcolini, Emily J Gilmore, Nils H Petersen, Nona Timario, Kelly Poskus, Kevin N Sheth, David Y Hwang
OBJECTIVE: It was hypothesized that adding dedicated afternoon rounds for patients' families to supplement standard family support would improve overall family satisfaction with care in a neuroscience ICU. DESIGN: Pre- and postimplementation (pre-I and post-I) design. SETTING: Single academic neuroscience ICU. PATIENTS: Patients in the neuroscience ICU admitted for longer than 72 hours or made comfort measures only at any point during neuroscience ICU admission...
January 3, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277719/miniature-pig-model-of-human-adolescent-brain-white-matter-development
#5
Meghann C Ryan, Paul Sherman, Laura M Rowland, S Andrea Wijtenburg, Ashley Acheson, Els Fieremans, Jelle Veraart, Dmitry Novikov, L Elliot Hong, John Sladky, P Dana Peralta, Peter Kochunov, Stephen A McGuire
BACKGROUND: Neuroscience research in brain development and disorders can benefit from an in vivo animal model that portrays normal white matter (WM) development trajectories and has a sufficiently large cerebrum for imaging with human MRI scanners and protocols. NEW METHOD: Twelve three-month-old Sinclair™ miniature pigs (Sus scrofa domestica) were longitudinally evaluated during adolescent development using advanced diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) focused on cerebral WM...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186043/trend-in-h%C3%A2-s-biology-and-medicine-research-a-bibliometric-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Guangdong Yang, Lingyun Wu
The biological and medical importance of hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) has been recognized for decades. The aim of this bibliometric study is to analyze the quantity and quality of publications in H₂S biology and medicine (H₂SBM) based on the databases of Web of Science and Google Scholar. A total of 5881 publications published between 1990 and 2016 were analyzed. The number of H₂SBM papers published before 2004 was below 100 annually, but thereafter this number rapidly increased and peaked in 2015 with more than 7-fold increase...
November 29, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118459/model-based-functional-neuroimaging-using-dynamic-neural-fields-an-integrative-cognitive-neuroscience-approach
#7
Sobanawartiny Wijeakumar, Joseph P Ambrose, John P Spencer, Rodica Curtu
A fundamental challenge in cognitive neuroscience is to develop theoretical frameworks that effectively span the gap between brain and behavior, between neuroscience and psychology. Here, we attempt to bridge this divide by formalizing an integrative cognitive neuroscience approach using dynamic field theory (DFT). We begin by providing an overview of how DFT seeks to understand the neural population dynamics that underlie cognitive processes through previous applications and comparisons to other modeling approaches...
February 2017: Journal of Mathematical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993966/neuroscience-in-nigeria-the-past-the-present-and-the-future
#8
Wasiu Gbolahan Balogun, Ansa Emmanuel Cobham, Abdulbasit Amin
The science of the brain and nervous system cuts across almost all aspects of human life and is one of the fastest growing scientific fields worldwide. This necessitates the demand for pragmatic investment by all nations to ensure improved education and quality of research in Neurosciences. Although obvious efforts are being made in advancing the field in developed societies, there is limited data addressing the state of neuroscience in sub-Saharan Africa. Here, we review the state of neuroscience development in Nigeria, Africa's most populous country and its largest economy, critically evaluating the history, the current situation and future projections...
October 9, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991097/reflections-on-50-years-of-neuroscience-nursing-publication-trends-in-neurotrauma
#9
Molly McNett, Megan Keiser, Heather Douglas, Norma D McNair
In 2018, the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses will celebrate its 50th anniversary as the premier member organization for neuroscience nurses. In recent decades, one of the highest rated member benefits has been the ability for members to join special focus groups (SFGs). The SFGs were initiated to allow an avenue for information sharing and communication for neuroscience nurses in a variety of subspecialties. In this anniversary edition, the neurotrauma SFG presents a review of trends in the publication of articles in the Journal of Neuroscience Nursing related to neurotrauma...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988827/self-as-object-emerging-trends-in-self-research
#10
REVIEW
Jie Sui, Xiaosi Gu
Self representation is fundamental to mental functions. While the self has mostly been studied in traditional psychophilosophical terms ('self as subject'), recent laboratory work suggests that the self can be measured quantitatively by assessing biases towards self-associated stimuli ('self as object'). Here, we summarize new quantitative paradigms for assessing the self, drawn from psychology, neuroeconomics, embodied cognition, and social neuroscience. We then propose a neural model of the self as an emerging property of interactions between a core 'self network' (e...
November 2017: Trends in Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986872/functional-analysis-of-recombinant-channels-in-host-cells-using-a-fast-agonist-application-system
#11
Andrei Rozov, David Jappy
A reduced recombinant system provides a unique opportunity to study the biophysical properties of NMDAR channels with known subunit compositions, by using a point mutation approach to analyze the structural determinants of receptor function (Wollmuth and Sobolevsky, Trends Neurosci 27:321-328, 2004). However, in addition to the well-developed repertoire of molecular biological techniques, these types of studies also require electrophysiological methods that allow a wide range of receptor activation protocols that can adequately assess desensitization, inactivation, ion permeability, and other properties of the channels...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812270/oxytocin-and-facial-emotion-recognition
#12
Mark A Ellenbogen
The expression of emotion in faces serves numerous meaningful functions, such as conveying messages of danger or approach, facilitating communication, and promoting the formation of social bonds and relationships. The study of facial expressions of emotion has become integral to research in social psychology and social neuroscience, particularly with respect to the neuropeptide oxytocin. This chapter examines how oxytocin influences the processing of emotion in faces by reviewing intranasal administration studies of automatic processing, selective attention, and emotion recognition...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757405/incidence-morbidity-and-surgical-outcomes-of-complex-spinal-inflammatory-syndromes-in-adults
#13
Gábor Czigléczki, Zsolt Benkő, Ferenc Misik, Péter Banczerowski
BACKGROUND: Spondylodiscitis is a rare inflammatory syndrome affecting intervertebral discs and adjacent vertebral bodies. Without appropriate therapy, serious complications, such as secondary spinal epidural abscess (SEA), may prolong recovery time. In this study, we compared the main characteristics of our cohort of patients with spondylodiscitis with those of patients reported in the international literature and analyzed the impact of complications associated with spondylodiscitis on clinical outcomes...
November 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718304/the-role-of-surgery-in-low-grade-gliomas-do-timing-and-extent-of-resection-matter
#14
Hugues Duffau
Hugues Duffau is a Professor and Chairman of the Neurosurgery Department in the Montpellier University Medical Center and Head of the INSERM 1051 Team "plasticity of the central nervous system, human stem cells and glial tumors" at the Institute for Neurosciences of Montpellier (France). He is an expert in the awake cognitive neurosurgery of slow-growing brain tumors, such as low-grade gliomas, a routine which he has developed since 20 years. His fundamental approach is centered on the concepts of the brain connectomics and neuroplasticity, breaking with the traditional localizationist view of cerebral processing...
July 18, 2017: CNS Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690553/a-historical-review-of-diachrony-and-semantic-dimensions-of-trace-in-neurosciences-and-lacanian-psychoanalysis
#15
REVIEW
Carolina Escobar, François Ansermet, Pierre J Magistretti
Experience leaves a trace in the nervous system through plasticity. However, the exact meaning of the mnesic trace is poorly defined in current literature. This article provides a historical review of the term trace in neuroscience and psychoanalysis literature, to highlight two relevant aspects: the diachronic and the semantic dimensions. There has been a general interest in diachrony, or a form of evolution of the trace, but its indissociable semantic dimension remains partially disregarded. Although frequently implied, the diachronic and semantic dimensions of the trace are rarely clearly articulated...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684189/trends-in-global-acupuncture-publications-an-analysis-of-the-web-of-science-database-from-1988-to-2015
#16
Yen-Ying Kung, Shinn-Jang Hwang, Tsai-Feng Li, Seong-Gyu Ko, Ching-Wen Huang, Fang-Pey Chen
BACKGROUND: Acupuncture is a rapidly growing medical specialty worldwide. This study aimed to analyze the acupuncture publications from 1988 to 2015 by using the Web of Science (WoS) database. Familiarity with the trend of acupuncture publications will facilitate a better understanding of existing academic research in acupuncture and its applications. METHODS: Academic articles published focusing on acupuncture were retrieved and analyzed from the WoS database which included articles published in Science Citation Index-Expanded and Social Science Citation Indexed journals from 1988 to 2015...
July 3, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661950/establishing-normative-data-for-pupillometer-assessment-in-neuroscience-intensive-care-the-end-panic-registry
#17
DaiWai M Olson, Sonja E Stutzman, Folefac Atem, Julia D Kincaide, Thuy-Tien Ho, Byron A Carlisle, Venkatesh Aiyagari
BACKGROUND: Trained medical practitioners have been assessing the pupillary light reflex for more than 2 millennia. However, the interrater reliability of the pupillary light reflex remains low. To overcome the drawbacks of a subjective interpretation of pupillary size and reactivity, automated pupillometers are becoming increasingly commonplace, but practitioners do not have adequate data from which to judge whether the numerical values provided by the pupillometer are "within reference limits...
August 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571615/reinforcement-learning-computing-the-temporal-difference-of-values-via-distinct-corticostriatal-pathways-trends-in-neurosciences-35-457-467-2012
#18
Kenji Morita, Mieko Morishima, Katsuyuki Sakai, Yasuo Kawaguchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 29, 2017: Trends in Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554081/cooperative-tool-use-reveals-peripersonal-and-interpersonal-spaces-are-dissociable
#19
Ivan Patané, Alessandro Farnè, Francesca Frassinetti
The space surrounding people is often termed Interpersonal (IPS) in social psychology and Peripersonal (PPS) in neuroscience. In the current debate about their origin, the prevalent opinion is they share common functional characteristics. Bucking the trend, here we report a dissociation between PPS, operationalized as reachable space, and IPS, operationalized as comfort space. To probe their plasticity we introduced a novel type of cooperative long-tool-use that would modify both spaces. Results showed the estimated IPS referred to another individual was reduced, as expected following a positive social interaction...
September 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507240/mathematical-methods-in-medicine-neuroscience-cardiology-and-pathology
#20
REVIEW
José M Amigó, Michael Small
The application of mathematics, natural sciences and engineering to medicine is gaining momentum as the mutual benefits of this collaboration become increasingly obvious. This theme issue is intended to highlight the trend in the case of mathematics. Specifically, the scope of this theme issue is to give a general view of the current research in the application of mathematical methods to medicine, as well as to show how mathematics can help in such important aspects as understanding, prediction, treatment and data processing...
June 28, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
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