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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679197/neuropsychological-impacts-of-indirect-revascularization-for-pediatric-moyamoya-disease
#1
WooHyun Kim, Eun-Young Lee, Seong-Eun Park, Eun-Kyung Park, Ju-Seong Kim, Dong-Seok Kim, Kyu-Won Shim
PURPOSE: Moyamoya disease (MMD) commonly leads to neurocognitive impairment. This study was carried out to show that temporal encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis (EDAS) has a positive neuropsychological impact on pediatric MMD patients. METHODS: Fifty-five participants diagnosed with MMD from 2008 to 2014 were included in this retrospective study. The mean age at the preoperative evaluation was 9.5 years and the mean age at postoperative evaluation was 10.4. The average interval of initial and follow-up test was 10 months...
April 20, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671768/managing-complexity-exploring-decision-making-on-medication-by-young-adults-with-adhd
#2
Louise C Druedahl, Sofia Kälvemark Sporrong
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) causes difficulties with hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Treatment of ADHD includes both medication and non-pharmacological options. Knowledge of treatment preferences by young adults with ADHD is sparse. The objective of this study was to explore the beliefs and experiences of young adults with ADHD related to their medication treatment decisions. Data were collected in Denmark in 2016 through a focus group and individual in-depth interviews. Conventional content analysis was used...
April 19, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671360/the-role-of-visual-and-auditory-stimuli-in-continuous-performance-tests-differential-effects-on-children-with-adhd
#3
Eunice N Simões, Ana L Novais Carvalho, Sergio L Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: Continuous performance tests (CPTs) usually utilize visual stimuli. A previous investigation showed that inattention is partially independent of modality, but response inhibition is modality-specific. Here we aimed to compare performance on visual and auditory CPTs in ADHD and in healthy controls. METHOD: The sample consisted of 160 elementary and high school students (43 ADHD, 117 controls). For each sensory modality, five variables were extracted: commission errors (CEs) and omission errors (OEs), reaction time (RT), variability of reaction time (VRT), and coefficient of variability (CofV = VRT / RT)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665879/maternal-anxiety-depression-and-sleep-disorders-before-and-during-pregnancy-and-preschool-adhd-symptoms-in-the-ninfea-birth-cohort-study
#4
L Vizzini, M Popovic, D Zugna, B Vitiello, M Trevisan, C Pizzi, F Rusconi, L Gagliardi, F Merletti, L Richiardi
AIMS: Maternal mental disorders have been associated with the risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. Within the context of a mother-child cohort, we examined whether maternal anxiety, depression and sleep disorders are associated with pre-school ADHD symptoms. METHODS: The study included 3634 singletons from the Italian NINFEA (Nascita e INFanzia: gli Effetti dell'Ambiente') cohort. Maternal doctor-diagnosed anxiety, depression and sleep disorders before and during pregnancy were assessed from the questionnaires completed during pregnancy and 6 months after delivery...
April 18, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663184/performance-based-measures-and-behavioral-ratings-of-executive-function-in-diagnosing-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children
#5
Alexander Tan, Lauren Delgaty, Kayla Steward, Melissa Bunner
Deficits in real-world executive functioning (EF) are a frequent characteristic of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, the predictive value of using performance-based and behavioral rating measures of EF when diagnosing ADHD remains unclear. The current study investigates the use of performance-based EF measures and a parent-report questionnaire with established ecological validity and clinical utility when diagnosing ADHD. Participants included 21 healthy controls, 21 ADHD-primary inattentive, and 21 ADHD-combined type subjects aged 6-15 years...
April 16, 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661500/severity-of-eczema-and-mental-health-problems-in-japanese-schoolchildren-the-tommo-child-health-study
#6
Yasutaka Kuniyoshi, Masahiro Kikuya, Masako Miyashita, Chizuru Yamanaka, Mami Ishikuro, Taku Obara, Hirohito Metoki, Naoki Nakaya, Fuji Nagami, Hiroaki Tomita, Atsushi Hozawa, Ichiro Tsuji, Shigeo Kure, Nobuo Yaegashi, Masayuki Yamamoto, Shinichi Kuriyama
BACKGROUND: The association between eczema and mental health problems in schoolchildren has been underexplored. We aimed to investigate this association with the validated questionnaires. METHODS: Of 46,648 invited children, we analyzed 9954 (21.3%) in the 2nd to the 8th grades from the ToMMo Child Health Study conducted in 2014 and 2015, a cross-sectional survey in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. We defined eczema status as "normal," "mild/moderate," or "severe," based on the presence of persistent flexural eczema and sleep disturbance, according to the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Eczema Symptom Questionnaire...
April 13, 2018: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659481/retooling-calenviroscreen-cumulative-pollution-burden-and-race-based-environmental-health-vulnerabilities-in-california
#7
Raoul S Liévanos
The California Community Environmental Health Screening Tool (CalEnviroScreen) advances research and policy pertaining to environmental health vulnerability. However, CalEnviroScreen departs from its historical foundations and comparable screening tools by no longer considering racial status as an indicator of environmental health vulnerability and predictor of cumulative pollution burden. This study used conceptual frameworks and analytical techniques from environmental health and inequality literature to address the limitations of CalEnviroScreen, especially its inattention to race-based environmental health vulnerabilities...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659348/evaluation-of-estrogen-and-g-protein-coupled-estrogen-receptor-1-gper-levels-in-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#8
Nilfer Sahin, Hatice Altun, Ergül Belge Kurutaş, Ebru Fındıklı
Estrogen has a crucial role in the regulation of reproductive and neuroendocrine function and exerts its effects through two classes of receptors, nuclear and membrane estrogen receptors (mERs). G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER) is a member of mERs, and despite limited research on the levels of GPER in patients with psychiatric diseases, a role of GPER in such conditions has been suggested. Here we evaluated serum estrogen and GPER levels in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in relation to their age- and gender-matched healthy controls...
April 16, 2018: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657693/the-effects-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-on-man-smokers-comorbid-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-and-smoking-cessation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Mohammadreza Davoudi, Abdollah Omidi, Mojtaba Sehat, Zahra Sepehrmanesh
Background: Besides physical problems, cigarette smoking is associated with a high prevalence of comorbid depression and anxiety symptoms. One of the reasons behind high post-cessation smoking lapse and relapse rates is inattentiveness to these symptoms during the process of cessation. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on male smokers' comorbid depression and anxiety symptoms and smoking cessation. Methods: This two-group pre-test-post-test randomized controlled trial was done on a random sample of seventy male smokers...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652937/trajectories-of-maternal-depressive-symptoms-during-pregnancy-and-the-first-12-months-postpartum-and-child-externalizing-and-internalizing-behavior-at-three-years
#10
Dawn Kingston, Heather Kehler, Marie-Paule Austin, Muhammad Kashif Mughal, Abdul Wajid, Lydia Vermeyden, Karen Benzies, Stephanie Brown, Scott Stuart, Rebecca Giallo
BACKGROUND: Most evidence of the association between maternal depression and children's development is limited by being cross-sectional. To date, few studies have modelled trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms from pregnancy through the early postpartum years and examined their association with social emotional and behavior functioning in preschool children. The objectives of this study were to: 1) identify distinct groups of women defined by their trajectories of depressive symptoms across four time points from mid-pregnancy to one year postpartum; and 2) examine the associations between these trajectories and child internalizing and externalizing behaviors...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651600/measuring-quality-of-care-in-community-mental-health-validation-of-concordant-clinician-and-client-quality-of-care-scales
#11
Lauren Luther, Sadaaki Fukui, Jennifer M Garabrant, Angela L Rollins, Gary Morse, Nancy Henry, Dawn Shimp, Timothy Gearhart, Michelle P Salyers
Measuring quality of care can transform care, but few tools exist to measure quality from the client's perspective. The aim of this study was to create concordant clinician and client self-report quality-of-care scales in a sample of community mental health clinicians (n = 189) and clients (n = 469). The client scale had three distinct factors (Person-Centered Care, Negative Staff Interactions, and Inattentive Care), while the clinician scale had two: Person-Centered Care and Discordant Care. Both versions demonstrated adequate internal consistency and validity with measures related to satisfaction and the therapeutic relationship...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651258/associations-between-core-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-both-binge-and-restrictive-eating
#12
Panagiota Kaisari, Colin T Dourish, Pia Rotshtein, Suzanne Higgs
Introduction: It is unclear whether core symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) relate to specific types of disordered eating and little is known about the mediating mechanisms. We investigated associations between core symptoms of ADHD and binge/disinhibited eating and restrictive eating behavior and assessed whether negative mood and/or deficits in awareness and reliance on internal hunger/satiety cues mediate these relationships. Methods: In two independent studies, we used a dimensional approach to study ADHD and disordered eating...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643830/accuracy-and-feasibility-of-an-android-based-digital-assessment-tool-for-post-stroke-visual-disorders-the-strokevision-app
#13
Terence J Quinn, Iain Livingstone, Alexander Weir, Robert Shaw, Andrew Breckenridge, Christine McAlpine, Claire M Tarbert
Background: Visual impairment affects up to 70% of stroke survivors. We designed an app (StrokeVision) to facilitate screening for common post stroke visual issues (acuity, visual fields, and visual inattention). We sought to describe the test time, feasibility, acceptability, and accuracy of our app-based digital visual assessments against (a) current methods used for bedside screening and (b) gold standard measures. Methods: Patients were prospectively recruited from acute stroke settings...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629842/the-prevalence-of-late-onset-adhd-in-a-clinically-referred-adult-sample
#14
Mary V Solanto
OBJECTIVE: Three recent prospective longitudinal studies of population cohorts reported nontrivial rates of "adult-onset" ADHD. Given that this result is at odds with the neurodevelopmental conceptualization of ADHD, as well as with general clinical experience, we obtained report of onset of symptoms in a clinical sample of adults diagnosed with ADHD. METHOD: One hundred four adults diagnosed with ADHD completed retrospective ratings of DSM-IV/DSM-5 ADHD symptoms between the ages of 5 and 12 years...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624833/infants-visual-sustained-attention-is-higher-during-joint-play-than-solo-play-is-this-due-to-increased-endogenous-attention-control-or-exogenous-stimulus-capture
#15
Sam V Wass, Kaili Clackson, Stanimira D Georgieva, Laura Brightman, Rebecca Nutbrown, Victoria Leong
Previous research has suggested that when a social partner, such as a parent, pays attention to an object, this increases the attention that infants pay to that object during spontaneous, naturalistic play. There are two contrasting reasons why this might be: first, social context may influence increases in infants' endogenous (voluntary) attention control; second, social settings may offer increased opportunities for exogenous attentional capture. To differentiate these possibilities, we compared 12-month-old infants' naturalistic attention patterns in two settings: Solo Play and Joint Play with a social partner (the parent)...
April 6, 2018: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622057/a-longitudinal-study-on-psychosocial-causes-and-consequences-of-internet-gaming-disorder-in-adolescence
#16
Lutz Wartberg, Levente Kriston, Matthias Zieglmeier, Tania Lincoln, Rudolf Kammerl
BACKGROUND: In 2013, Internet gaming disorder (IGD) was incorporated in the current version of the DSM-5. IGD refers to a problematic use of video games. Longitudinal studies on the etiology of IGD are lacking. Furthermore, it is currently unclear to which extent associated psychopathological problems are causes or consequences of IGD. In the present survey, longitudinal associations between IGD and adolescent and parental mental health were investigated for the first time, as well as the temporal stability of IGD...
April 6, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620949/associations-between-race-and-dementia-status-and-the-quality-of-end-of-life-care
#17
Elizabeth A Luth, Holly G Prigerson
BACKGROUND: Non-Hispanic black and dementia patients receive more invasive and futile treatment at end of life (EOL) relative to others. Little is known about the relationship between race/ethnicity, dementia, and EOL care quality. OBJECTIVE: Identify the relationship between race/ethnicity, dementia, and proxy reporters' evaluation of EOL care quality in older adults. DESIGN: Latent class analysis (LCA) of national survey data. SETTING: 1588 deceased Medicare beneficiaries age 65 and older from the National Health and Aging Trends Study (2011-2016)...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620405/neurocognitive-and-behavioral-predictors-of-social-problems-in-adhd-a-bayesian-framework
#18
Michael J Kofler, Sherelle L Harmon, Paula A Aduen, Taylor N Day, Kristin E Austin, Jamie A Spiegel, Lauren Irwin, Dustin E Sarver
OBJECTIVE: Social problems are a key area of functional impairment for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and converging evidence points to executive dysfunction as a potential mechanism underlying ADHD-related social dysfunction. The evidence is mixed, however, with regard to which neurocognitive abilities account for these relations. METHOD: A well-characterized group of 117 children ages 8-13 (M = 10.45, SD = 1.53; 43 girls; 69.5% Caucasian/Non-Hispanic) with ADHD (n = 77) and without ADHD (n = 40) were administered multiple, counterbalanced tests of neurocognitive functioning and assessed for social skills via multi-informant reports...
March 2018: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620402/personal-neglect-a-comprehensive-theoretical-and-anatomo-clinical-review
#19
Giorgia Committeri, Claudia Piervincenzi, Luigi Pizzamiglio
Personal neglect (PN) is the hemi-inattention toward the contralesional bodily space that follows a cerebral lesion, usually to the right hemisphere. OBJECTIVE: To provide a historical, comprehensive review of the different theoretical accounts, of the available diagnostic measures, of the relationship with different body representation disorders, and of recovery-related issues. Moreover, to review the anatomo-functional correlates of PN, focusing on group studies that used modern voxel-based lesion-symptoms mapping...
March 2018: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618930/symptoms-associated-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-school-aged-children-prenatally-exposed-to-substances
#20
Lisbeth Beate Sandtorv, Silje Katrine Elgen Fevang, Sondre Aasen Nilsen, Tormod Bøe, Rolf Gjestad, Siren Haugland, Irene Bircow Elgen
Prenatal exposure to substances may influence a child's neurodevelopment and impact on subsequent mental health. In a hospital-based population of school-aged children prenatally exposed to opiates and a number of illicit substances (n = 57), we evaluated mental health symptoms associated with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) using the Swanson, Nolan, and Pelham Questionnaire, revision IV (SNAP-IV) and the Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire (ASSQ) and compared the scores to a reference group which comprised children from the population-based Bergen Child Study (n = 171)...
2018: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
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