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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222741/exploratory-study-of-barriers-to-successful-office-contacts-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#1
Jayde T Hooven, Benjamin N Fogel, James G Waxmonsky, Deepa L Sekhar
The American Academy of Pediatrics published attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) guidelines, but significant variability exists in care. This exploratory study aimed to understand barriers to compliance with primary care office contacts for ADHD medication management. The study was conducted at a single academic medical center via retrospective chart review between 6/1/15 and 5/31/16 in combination with telephone interviews. Participants included 306 children 6-12 years old with an ADHD-related ICD-9/ICD-10 diagnosis...
December 8, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221785/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptom-severity-and-sleep-problems-in-adult-participants-of-the-netherlands-sleep-registry
#2
Suzan W N Vogel, Denise Bijlenga, Jeroen S Benjamins, Aartjan T F Beekman, J J Sandra Kooij, Eus J W Van Someren
BACKGROUND: We examined whether current overall attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), inattention, or hyperactivity symptom severities are associated with the current presence and persistent history of sleep problems. METHODS: N = 942 participants of the Netherlands Sleep Registry filled out online several validated questionnaires. Regression analyses were performed to assess the association between (1) current overall ADHD symptom severity and the current presence of sleep problems, (2) current ADHD symptom-severity groups and the persistent history of sleep problems, and (3) current inattention or hyperactivity symptom severities and the current presence of sleep problems...
December 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214840/bifactor-models-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-symptomatology-in-adolescents-criterion-validity-and-implications-for-clinical-practice
#3
Michael T Willoughby, Gregory A Fabiano, Nicole K Schatz, Rebecca K Vujnovic, Karen L Morris
This study evaluated the fit and criterion validity of a bifactor model for 18 DSM-IV attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, along with nine supplementary symptoms that represented the manifestation of inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity in adolescence and early adulthood. Participants included N = 172 adolescents who were diagnosed with combined type ADHD and who were enrolled in a treatment study. A bifactor model provided reasonably good fit to combined parent- and teacher-reported DSM symptoms and supplemental items at baseline prior to treatment...
March 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211576/development-of-a-web-based-psychosocial-intervention-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-survivors-of-pediatric-brain-tumor
#4
Stacey P Raj, Megan E Narad, Ralph Salloum, Amber Platt, Aimee Thompson, Katherine T Baum, Shari L Wade
PURPOSE: To develop A Survivor's Journey, a web-based psychosocial intervention for adolescent and young adult (AYA) survivors of pediatric brain tumors (PBTs). METHODS: Stages of development included focus groups with five AYA survivors (ages 16-23 years) and six parents to identify needs and challenges, as well as surveys and interviews with clinical care providers at a survivorship clinic. RESULTS: Concerns reported by AYA survivors, parents, and providers were similar to those reported in the literature, including fatigue, memory deficits, poor mood, health concerns, and challenging peer relationships...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209939/disaggregating-the-mortality-reductions-due-to-cancer-screening-model-based-estimates-from-population-based-data
#5
James Anthony Hanley, Sisse Helle Njor
The mortality impact in cancer screening trials and population programs is usually expressed as a single hazard ratio or percentage reduction. This measure ignores the number/spacing of rounds of screening, and the location in follow-up time of the averted deaths vis-a-vis the first and last screens. If screening works as intended, hazard ratios are a strong function of the two Lexis time-dimensions. We show how the number and timing of the rounds of screening can be included in a model that specifies what each round of screening accomplishes...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209731/kinaesthetic-ability-training-improves-unilateral-neglect-and-functional-outcome-in-patients-with-stroke-a-randomized-control-trial
#6
Sehim Kutlay, Aysun Genç, Haydar Gök, Derya Öztuna, Ayşe A Küçükdeveci
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of kinaesthetic ability training with the Kinesthetic Ability Trainer (KAT) on unilateral neglect and functional outcomes in stroke patients. STUDY DESIGN: An assessor-blinded, randomized controlled, clinical trial. METHODS: A total of 64 stroke patients with unilateral neglect (mean age 61 (standard deviation (SD) 12) years, 60.4% male, mean time since stroke 6.4 (SD 10.4) months, left hemiplegia 92.5%) were randomly assigned to a conventional rehabilitation programme (control group, n = 32) or KAT plus a conventional rehabilitation programme (KAT group, n = 32) for 4 weeks...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206286/recognition-of-delirium-features-in-clinical-practice-data-from-the-delirium-day-2015-national-survey
#7
Enrico Mossello, Francesca Tesi, Simona G Di Santo, Andrea Mazzone, Monica Torrini, Antonio Cherubini, Mario Bo, Massimo Musicco, Angelo Bianchetti, Alberto Ferrari, Nicola Ferrara, Marco Trabucchi, Alessandro Morandi, Giuseppe Bellelli
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Delirium is underrecognized in clinical practice. The primary aim of the present multicenter study was to compare the ability of nurses to identify delirium features with a standardized assessment. The secondary aim was to identify predictors of missed or incorrect identifications of delirium by nurses. DESIGN: Point prevalence study in 120 wards across Italy. SETTING: "Delirium Day 2015." PARTICIPANTS: Inpatients aged 65 and older (N = 1,867)...
December 5, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204659/bidirectional-associations-between-child-sleep-problems-and-internalizing-and-externalizing-difficulties-from-preschool-to-early-adolescence
#8
Jon L Quach, Cattram D Nguyen, Kate E Williams, Emma Sciberras
Importance: Although multiple cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have established that sleep problems and behavioral difficulties are associated in children, the directionality of this association and whether sleep problems are differentially associated with different types of childhood behavioral difficulties are unclear. Understanding these associations will inform the focus and timing of interventions. Objective: To determine whether longitudinal and reciprocal associations exist between child sleep problems and externalizing, internalizing, or both behavioral difficulties...
December 4, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201538/vision-in-stroke-cohort-profile-overview-of-visual-impairment
#9
Fiona J Rowe
Aim: To profile the full range of visual disorders from a large prospective observation study of stroke survivors referred by stroke multidisciplinary teams to orthoptic services with suspected visual problems. Methods: Multicenter prospective study undertaken in 20 acute Trust hospitals. Standardized screening/referral forms and investigation forms documented data on referral signs and symptoms plus type and extent of visual impairment. Results: Of 1,345 patients referred with suspected visual impairment, 915 were recruited (59% men; mean age at stroke onset 69 years [SD 14])...
November 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199246/factors-leading-to-improved-gait-function-in-patients-with-subacute-or-chronic-central-nervous-system-impairments-who-receive-functional-training-with-the-robot-suit-hybrid-assistive-limb
#10
Masahiko Nishimura, Shigetaka Kobayashi, Yuki Kinjo, Yohei Hokama, Kenichi Sugawara, Yukio Tsuchida, Daisuke Tominaga, Shogo Ishiuchi
The factors that lead to the improvement of gait function in patients with diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) who use a hybrid assistive limb (HAL) are not yet fully understood. The purpose of the present study was to analyze these factors to determine the prognosis of the patients' gait function. Patients whose CNS disease was within 180 days since onset were designated as the subacute-phase patients, and patients whose disease onset had occurred more than 180 days previously were designated as chronic-phase patients...
December 1, 2017: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198277/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-historical-neuropsychological-perspective
#11
E Mark Mahone, Martha B Denckla
The behavior patterns of hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention that would ultimately become recognized as Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have been described for centuries. Nevertheless, in the past 35 years, advances in diagnostic methods, identification of biomarkers, and treatments have advanced at an exponential rate. ADHD is now recognized as the most common behavioral disorder of childhood, with risks extending well into adulthood for both males and females, leading to its identification as a significant public health issue...
October 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185375/the-effects-of-family-based-mindfulness-intervention-on-adhd-symptomology-in-young-children-and-their-parents-a-randomized-control-trial
#12
Herman H M Lo, Simpson W L Wong, Janet Y H Wong, Jerf W K Yeung, Eline Snel, Samuel Y S Wong
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to investigate the feasibility of a family-based mindfulness intervention in improving children with inattention and hyperactivity symptoms. METHOD: A total of 100 children aged 5 to 7 years with ADHD symptoms and their parents were randomly assigned to a family-based mindfulness intervention ( n = 50) or a wait-list control group ( n = 50). RESULTS: Families from intervention group had greater improvements in children's ADHD symptoms, with medium effect sizes of -0...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182663/inattention-in-primary-school-is-not-good-for-your-future-school-achievement-a-pattern-classification-study
#13
Astri J Lundervold, Tormod Bøe, Arvid Lundervold
Inattention in childhood is associated with academic problems later in life. The contribution of specific aspects of inattentive behaviour is, however, less known. We investigated feature importance of primary school teachers' reports on nine aspects of inattentive behaviour, gender and age in predicting future academic achievement. Primary school teachers of n = 2491 children (7-9 years) rated nine items reflecting different aspects of inattentive behaviour in 2002. A mean academic achievement score from the previous semester in high school (2012) was available for each youth from an official school register...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180956/adolescent-executive-dysfunction-in-daily-life-relationships-to-risks-brain-structure-and-substance-use
#14
Duncan B Clark, Tammy Chung, Christopher S Martin, Brant P Hasler, Douglas H Fitzgerald, Beatriz Luna, Sandra A Brown, Susan F Tapert, Ty Brumback, Kevin Cummins, Adolf Pfefferbaum, Edith V Sullivan, Kilian M Pohl, Ian M Colrain, Fiona C Baker, Michael D De Bellis, Kate B Nooner, Bonnie J Nagel
During adolescence, problems reflecting cognitive, behavioral and affective dysregulation, such as inattention and emotional dyscontrol, have been observed to be associated with substance use disorder (SUD) risks and outcomes. Prior studies have typically been with small samples, and have typically not included comprehensive measurement of executive dysfunction domains. The relationships of executive dysfunction in daily life with performance based testing of cognitive skills and structural brain characteristics, thought to be the basis for executive functioning, have not been definitively determined...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179616/executive-function-variation-in-children-with-conduct-problems-influences-of-coexisting-reading-difficulties
#15
Angeliki Kallitsoglou
It is unknown whether children with conduct problems (CP) and poor reading (PR) skills exhibit more profound executive function impairments than children with CP only and whether such impairments are explained by coexisting PR. Executive functions were compared in four groups of 7- to 8-year-old children: 26 CP only, 35 PR only, 27 CP-PR, and 31 comparison (COM) children with neither CP nor PR. The Conners' Teacher Rating Scale-28 and a sentence completion reading test were used to assess CP and PR skills. The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Third Edition Backward Digit Span, the Conners' Continuous Performance Test, and the Tower of London were used to assess three aspects of executive function: verbal working memory, response inhibition, and planning, respectively...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178023/emotion-self-regulation-moderates-the-association-between-symptoms-of-adhd-and-weight-loss-after-bariatric-surgery
#16
Tamara M Williamson, Tavis S Campbell, Jo Ann Telfer, Joshua A Rash
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the combined effect of pre-surgical emotion self-regulation (ESR) and symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (sADHD, i.e., inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity) on weight loss 12 months following bariatric surgery independent of psychological distress and eating pathology. METHODS: Adults with obesity were recruited from a bariatric surgery specialty clinic in Canada. Patients completed measures of psychological distress (i...
November 24, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172673/how-informative-are-self-reported-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-an-examination-of-the-agreement-between-the-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-self-report-scale-v1-1-and-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-investigator
#17
Michael J Silverstein, Stephen V Faraone, Samuel Alperin, Joseph Biederman, Thomas J Spencer, Lenard A Adler
OBJECTIVES: Assess agreement between self-ratings via the adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Self-Report Scale (ASRS)-v1.1 Symptom Checklist and clinician ratings via the adult ADHD Investigator Symptom Rating Scale (AISRS) expanded version using DSM-5 adult ADHD patients (referred sample) and ADHD controls (recruited from a primary care physician practice). METHODS: The ASRS v1.1 Symptom Checklist was administered to measure self-reported ADHD symptoms and impairment, the Adult ADHD Clinical Diagnostic Scale v1...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172003/functional-brain-dynamic-analysis-of-adhd-and-control-children-using-nonlinear-dynamical-features-of-eeg-signals
#18
Shiva Khoshnoud, Mohammad Ali Nazari, Mousa Shamsi
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a neurodevelopmental condition associated with varying levels of hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. This study investigates brain function in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder using measures of nonlinear dynamics in EEG signals during rest. During eyes-closed resting, 19 channel EEG signals were recorded from 12 ADHD and 12 normal age-matched children. We used the multifractal singularity spectrum, the largest Lyapunov exponent, and approximate entropy to quantify the chaotic nonlinear dynamics of these EEG signals...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169998/interaction-between-drd2-and-lead-exposure-on-the-cortical-thickness-of-the-frontal-lobe-in-youth-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#19
Johanna Inhyang Kim, Jae-Won Kim, Jong-Min Lee, Hyuk Jin Yun, Chul-Ho Sohn, Min-Sup Shin, Bongseog Kim, Jonghee Chae, Jaewoo Roh, Bung-Nyun Kim
BACKGROUND: The dopamine receptor D2 receptor (DRD2) gene and lead exposure are both thought to contribute to the pathophysiology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). ADHD is characterized by delay in brain maturation, most prominent in the prefrontal cortex (PFC). The D2 receptor is also mainly located in the PFC, and animal studies show that lead exposure affects the dopaminergic system of the frontal lobe, indicating an overlap in neural correlates of ADHD, DRD2, and lead exposure...
November 20, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168110/symptom-covariance-accounts-for-behavioral-approach-associations-across-impulse-control-disorders
#20
Brianne A Brooker, Dragana Ostojic, Carlin J Miller
Behavioral approach system (BAS) dysfunction has been identified as a correlate of and a potential mechanism for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and comorbid disorders. This study examined the role of symptom covariation in the relations among BAS dysfunction, ADHD symptoms, and comorbid impulsive personality disorder features. Undergraduates (N = 207) completed measures of BAS functioning, ADHD symptoms, and borderline and antisocial personality disorder symptoms, and associated features (i...
November 22, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
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