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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025844/investigating-canadian-parents-hpv-vaccine-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviour-a-study-protocol-for-a-longitudinal-national-online-survey
#1
Gilla K Shapiro, Samara Perez, Anila Naz, Ovidiu Tatar, Juliet R Guichon, Rhonda Amsel, Gregory D Zimet, Zeev Rosberger
INTRODUCTION: Human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, can cause anogenital warts and a number of cancers. To prevent morbidity and mortality, three vaccines have been licensed and are recommended by Canada's National Advisory Committee on Immunisation (for girls since 2007 and boys since 2012). Nevertheless, HPV vaccine coverage in Canada remains suboptimal in many regions. This study will be the first to concurrently examine the correlates of HPV vaccine decision-making in parents of school-aged girls and boys and evaluate changes in parental knowledge, attitudes and behaviours over time...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016602/relationship-between-parenting-stress-and-informant-discrepancies-on-symptoms-of-adhd-odd-and-internalizing-behaviors-in-preschool-children
#2
Yu-Chi Chen, Shoou-Lian Hwang-Gu, Hsing-Chang Ni, Sophie Hsin-Yi Liang, Hsiang-Yuan Lin, Chiao-Fan Lin, Yu-Han Tseng, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
Parent and teacher ratings of child behaviors are often discrepant, and these discrepancies may be correlated with parenting stress. The present study explored whether various parenting stress factors are associated with discrepancies between parent and teacher ratings of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) as well as internalizing symptoms in preschool children. We recruited 299 Taiwanese preschool children (aged 4-6 years) from the community or via clinical referrals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989954/inattentional-blindness-for-a-gun-during-a-simulated-police-vehicle-stop
#3
Daniel J Simons, Michael D Schlosser
People often fail to notice unexpected objects and events when they are focusing attention on something else. Most studies of this "inattentional blindness" use unexpected objects that are irrelevant to the primary task and to the participant (e.g., gorillas in basketball games or colored shapes in computerized tracking tasks). Although a few studies have examined noticing rates for personally relevant or task-relevant unexpected objects, few have done so in a real-world context with objects that represent a direct threat to the participant...
2017: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988121/a-study-on-the-independence-of-egocentric-and-allocentric-neglect
#4
Nergiz Turgut, Claudia Mödden, Tanja Brumund, Paul Eling, Helmut Hildebrandt
Currently there seems to be consensus that visuospatial neglect may involve egocentric and allocentric symptoms. However, the relation between the two is still discussed and models have been proposed based on the high correlation between allocentric and egocentric neglect symptoms. To analyze the relation between these two kinds of symptoms we developed a new paradigm. In contrast to previous paradigms, we varied the extension of the search field and we added centered reference targets to evaluate egocentric effects independent from allocentric effects...
September 15, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987706/combined-effects-of-prenatal-exposure-to-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-and-material-hardship-on-child-adhd-behavior-problems
#5
Frederica P Perera, Kylie Wheelock, Ya Wang, Deliang Tang, Amy E Margolis, Gladys Badia, Whitney Cowell, Rachel L Miller, Virginia Rauh, Shuang Wang, Julie B Herbstman
IMPORTANCE: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are carcinogenic and neurotoxic combustion by-products commonly found in urban air. Exposure to PAH is disproportionately high in low income communities of color who also experience chronic economic stress. OBJECTIVE: In a prospective cohort study in New York City (NYC) we previously found a significant association between prenatal PAH exposure and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) behavior problems at age 9...
October 4, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984497/redefining-adhd-using-an-adult-population-should-inattention-be-viewed-as-a-separate-dimension-from-cognitive-and-physiological-activity-level
#6
Nathan Miller, Frances Prevatt
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to reexamine the latent structure of ADHD and sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) due to issues with construct validity. Two proposed changes to the construct include viewing hyperactivity and sluggishness (hypoactivity) as a single continuum of activity level, and viewing inattention as a separate dimension from activity level. METHOD: Data were collected from 1,398 adults using Amazon's MTurk. A new scale measuring activity level was developed, and scores of Inattention were regressed onto scores of Activity Level using curvilinear regression...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984477/pediatric-pharmacoepidemiology-safety-and-effectiveness-of-medicines-for-adhd
#7
Antonio Clavenna, Maurizio Bonati
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurobehavioral disorder in children and adolescents that comprises core symptoms of developmentally inappropriate levels of inattention and/or hyperactivity and impulsivity. Stimulant (methylphenidate, amphetamines) and non stimulant (atomoxetine, clonidine and guanfacine) are the treatment usually prescribed for ADHD. Area covered: This review covers the safety of ADHD medications in children and adolescents. MEDLINE, EMBASE and PsycINFO databases were searched with the aim to retrieve prospective studies that monitored the incidence of adverse events (AEs) in children receiving drug therapy for ADHD...
October 6, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982531/parental-perception-of-comorbidities-in-children-with-dravet-syndrome
#8
Kelly G Knupp, Sharon Scarbro, Greta Wilkening, Elizabeth Juarez-Colunga, Allison Kempe, Amanda Dempsey
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that children with Dravet syndrome may have additional common features beyond seizures and cognitive impairment. To address this gap in knowledge, we conducted a survey of caregivers of children with Dravet syndrome to identify and quantify their perception of associated symptoms in this population. METHODS: An electronic survey was developed in REDcap (Research Electronic Data Capture) and sent via e-mail to the participants on the Dravet Syndrome Foundation e-mail list...
June 20, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982350/pilot-study-indicate-role-of-preferentially-transmitted-monoamine-oxidase-gene-variants-in-behavioral-problems-of-male-adhd-probands
#9
Arijit Karmakar, Rishov Goswami, Tanusree Saha, Subhamita Maitra, Anirban Roychowdhury, Chinmay Kumar Panda, Swagata Sinha, Anirban Ray, Kochupurackal P Mohanakumar, Usha Rajamma, Kanchan Mukhopadhyay
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is an etiologically complex childhood onset neurobehavioral disorder characterized by age-inappropriate inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Symptom severity varies widely and boys are diagnosed more frequently than girls. ADHD probands were reported to have abnormal transmissions of dopamine, serotonin, and/or noradrenaline. Monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) and B (MAOB), mitochondrial outer membrane bound two isoenzymes, mediate degradation of these neurotransmitters and thus regulating their circulating levels...
October 5, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982011/allocating-attention-to-detect-motorcycles-the-role-of-inattentional-blindness
#10
Kristen Pammer, Stephanie Sabadas, Stephanie Lentern
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether inattentional blindness (IB) can be used to understand the psychological mechanisms around looked-but-failed-to-see (LBFTS) crashes involving motorcycles Background: IB occurs when an observer looks directly at an object yet fails to see it, thus LBFTS crashes may be a real-world example of IB. The study tests a perceptual cycle model in which motorcycles are detected less frequently because they fall lower on the attentional hierarchy for driving. METHOD: A driving-related IB task with photographs of driving situations investigated whether an additional stimulus, a taxi or motorcycle, would be more likely to be missed by participants...
October 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980198/randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-acute-comparator-trials-of-lisdexamfetamine-and-extended-release-methylphenidate-in-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#11
Jeffrey H Newcorn, Peter Nagy, Ann C Childress, Glen Frick, Brian Yan, Steven Pliszka
BACKGROUND: Psychostimulants are considered first-line pharmacotherapy for youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but questions remain regarding the comparative efficacy of amphetamine- and methylphenidate-based agents. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to describe two acute randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, head-to-head studies of lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (LDX) and osmotic-release oral system methylphenidate (OROS-MPH) in adolescents with ADHD...
October 4, 2017: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979965/concurrent-and-longitudinal-contribution-of-exposure-to-bullying-in-childhood-to-mental-health-the-role-of-vulnerability-and-resilience
#12
Timothy Singham, Essi Viding, Tabea Schoeler, Louise Arseneault, Angelica Ronald, Charlotte M Cecil, Eamon McCrory, Frülhing Rijsdijk, Jean-Baptiste Pingault
Importance: Exposure to bullying is associated with poor mental health. However, the degree to which observed associations reflect direct detrimental contributions of exposure to bullying to mental health remains uncertain, as noncausal relationships may arise from genetic and environmental confounding (eg, preexisting vulnerabilities). Determining to what extent exposure to bullying contributes to mental health is an important concern, with implications for primary and secondary interventions...
October 4, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979226/adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-report-high-symptom-levels-of-troubled-sleep-restless-legs-and-cataplexy
#13
Bjørn Bjorvatn, Erlend J Brevik, Astri J Lundervold, Anne Halmøy, Maj-Britt Posserud, Johanne T Instanes, Jan Haavik
Objective: To compare the occurrence of a spectrum of different self-reported sleep problems in adults with ADHD and a control group, and to study the impact of current ADHD medication use and clinical ADHD subtype. Method: Cross-sectional study of 268 clinically ascertained adult ADHD patients (DSM-IV criteria) and 202 randomly selected controls. Sleep problems were self-reported using validated questions, partly from Global Sleep Assessment Questionnaire. Results: ADHD patients reported more sleep problems than controls: Lifetime occurrence of sleep problems (82...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974281/predicting-fatigue-12-months-after-child-traumatic-brain-injury-child-factors-and-postinjury-symptoms
#14
Alison Crichton, Ed Oakley, Franz E Babl, Mardee Greenham, Stephen Hearps, Carmel Delzoppo, Miriam H Beauchamp, James S Hutchison, Anne-Marie Guerguerian, Kathy Boutis, Vicki Anderson
OBJECTIVES: Fatigue is a common and persisting symptom after childhood brain injury. This study examined whether child characteristics and symptomatology preinjury or 6 months postinjury (pain, sleep, and mood, inattention) predicted fatigue at 12months postinjury. METHODS: Parents of 79 children (0-18 years) rated fatigue at 12 months after injury on a multidimensional scale (general, sleep/rest, and cognitive). Demographic and clinical data were collected at injury...
October 4, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967099/vitamin-mineral-treatment-improves-aggression-and-emotional-regulation-in-children-with-adhd-a-fully-blinded-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#15
Julia J Rucklidge, Matthew J F Eggleston, Jeanette M Johnstone, Kathryn Darling, Chris M Frampton
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of broad-spectrum micronutrient (vitamins and minerals) treatment for childhood ADHD has been limited to open-label studies that highlight beneficial effects across many aspects of psychological functioning. METHOD: This is the first fully blinded randomized controlled trial of medication-free children (n = 93) with ADHD (7-12 years) assigned to either micronutrients (n = 47) or placebo (n = 46) in a 1:1 ratio, for 10 weeks. All children received standardized ADHD assessments...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966908/the-link-between-adhd-like-inattention-and-obsessions-and-compulsions-during-treatment-of-youth-with-ocd
#16
Andrew G Guzick, Joseph P H McNamara, Adam M Reid, Amanda M Balkhi, Eric A Storch, Tanya K Murphy, Wayne K Goodman, Regina Bussing, Gary R Geffken
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been found to be highly comorbid in children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Some have proposed, however, that obsessive anxiety may cause inattention and executive dysfunction, leading to inappropriate ADHD diagnoses in those with OCD. If this were the case, these symptoms would be expected to decrease following successful OCD treatment. The present study tested this hypothesis and evaluated whether ADHD symptoms at baseline predicted OCD treatment response...
January 2017: Journal of Obsessive-compulsive and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965364/bupropion-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-in-adults
#17
REVIEW
Wim Verbeeck, Geertruida E Bekkering, Wim Van den Noortgate, Cornelis Kramers
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent neurobiological condition, characterised by behavioral and cognitive symptoms such as inattention, impulsivity and/or excessive activity. The syndrome is commonly accompanied by psychiatric comorbidities and is associated with educational and occupational underachievement.Although psychostimulant medications are the mainstay of treatment for ADHD, not all adults respond optimally to, or can tolerate, these medicines...
October 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964292/intelligibility-of-degraded-speech-and-the-relationship-between-symptoms-of-inattention-hyperactivity-impulsivity-and-language-impairment-in-children-with-suspected-auditory-processing-disorder
#18
Ansar Uddin Ahmmed
OBJECTIVES: To compare the sensitivity and specificity of Auditory Figure Ground sub-tests of the SCAN-3 battery, using signal to noise ratio (SNR) of +8 dB (AFG+8) and 0 dB (AFG0), in identifying auditory processing disorder (APD). A secondary objective was to evaluate any difference in auditory processing (AP) between children with symptoms of inattention versus combined sub-types of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). METHODS: Data from 201 children, aged 6 to 16 years (mean: 10 years 6 months, SD: 2 years 8 months), who were assessed for suspected APD were reviewed retrospectively...
October 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957735/inattention-and-hyperactivity-impulsivity-among-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-intellectual-disability
#19
Maryellen Brunson McClain, Amber M Hasty Mills, Laura E Murphy
BACKGROUND: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), and Intellectual Disability (ID) are common co-occurring neurodevelopmental disorders; however, limited research exists regarding the presentation and severity of overlapping symptomology, particularly inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity, when a child is diagnosed with one of more of these neurodevelopmental disorders. AIMS: As difficulties with inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity are symptoms frequently associated with these disorders, the current study aims to determine the differences in the severity of inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity in children diagnosed with ADHD, ASD, ID, and co-occurring diagnosis of ADHD/ID, ASD/ADHD, and ASD/ID...
September 25, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957711/the-role-of-the-mother-child-relationship-in-the-route-from-child-adhd-to-adolescent-symptoms-of-depressed-mood
#20
Fabrizia Giannotta, Ann-Margret Rydell
We attempt to explain the co-variation between ADHD and symptoms of depressed mood, focusing on the family context and testing whether the mother-child relationship mediates or moderates the link between child ADHD and youth depressed mood symptoms. In a longitudinal study, we used mother and youth reports for 596 Swedish youth, 50% boys, from a community sample at 10, 15, and 18 years of age. The results did not support the mediation hypothesis. Only one moderation effect was found. Mother-child conflicts in mid-adolescence, as rated by mothers, increased symptoms of depressed mood symptoms in late adolescent only for youth with high levels of hyperactivity symptoms...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
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