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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333510/comparing-treatments-for-children-with-adhd-and-word-reading-difficulties-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Leanne Tamm, Carolyn A Denton, Jeffery N Epstein, Christopher Schatschneider, Heather Taylor, L Eugene Arnold, Oscar Bukstein, Julia Anixt, Anson Koshy, Nicholas C Newman, Jan Maltinsky, Patricia Brinson, Richard E A Loren, Mary R Prasad, Linda Ewing-Cobbs, Aaron Vaughn
OBJECTIVE: This trial compared attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment alone, intensive reading intervention alone, and their combination for children with ADHD and word reading difficulties and disabilities (RD). METHOD: Children (n = 216; predominantly African American males) in Grades 2-5 with ADHD and word reading/decoding deficits were randomized to ADHD treatment (medication + parent training), reading treatment (reading instruction), or combined ADHD + reading treatment...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331501/is-emotion-recognition-related-to-core-symptoms-of-childhood-adhd
#2
Mehdi Tehrani-Doost, Gholamreza Noorazar, Zahra Shahrivar, Anahita Khorrami Banaraki, Parvane Farhad Beigi, Nahid Noorian
OBJECTIVE: Children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have some problems in social relationships which may be related to their deficit in recognizing emotional expressions. It is not clear if the deficit in emotion recognition is secondary to core symptoms of ADHD or can be considered as an independent symptom. This study aimed to evaluate the ability of detecting emotional faces and its relation to inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity in children with ADHD compared to a typically developing (TD) group...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323684/shifting-spatial-neglect-with-repeated-line-bisections-possible-role-of-lateralized-attentional-fatigue
#3
Mary Woods, John B Williamson, Keith D White, Charles G Maitland, Kenneth M Heilman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Many patients who have signs of neglect immediately after a right hemisphere stroke remain disabled even when they improve on tests of neglect. Few patients are tested for attentional persistence and fatigue despite their importance in many instrumental activities. To investigate whether stimulus repetition might alter the allocation of attention, we repeatedly tested a patient 16 weeks after she developed hemispatial neglect from a right hemisphere stroke. METHODS: During each of three testing sessions given in 1 day, we asked the patient to bisect 90 lines of two lengths, presented in 30-trial blocks in three locations: left, center, and right of her midsagittal plane, partially counterbalanced across sessions...
March 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323525/the-impact-of-pharmacotherapy-on-substance-use-in-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-variations-across-subtypes
#4
Navneet Upadhyay, Hua Chen, Osaro Mgbere, Vinod S Bhatara, Rajender R Aparasu
OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) pharmacotherapy on the risk of substance use within each ADHD subtype. METHODS: The study used data from the National Comorbidity Survey-Adolescent supplement, a nationally representative sample of US adolescents (ages 13-18) collected from 6,483 adolescent-parent interviews conducted between 2001 and 2004. ADHD was categorized into three subtypes: ADHD-predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type (ADHD-H); ADHD-predominantly inattentive type (ADHD-I); and ADHD-combined type (ADHD-C) using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV criteria...
March 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321406/a-randomized-trial-of-comparing-the-efficacy-of-two-neurofeedback-protocols-for-treatment-of-clinical-and-cognitive-symptoms-of-adhd-theta-suppression-beta-enhancement-and-theta-suppression-alpha-enhancement
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Arash Mohagheghi, Shahrokh Amiri, Nafiseh Moghaddasi Bonab, Gholamreza Chalabianloo, Seyed Gholamreza Noorazar, Seyed Mahmoud Tabatabaei, Sara Farhang
Introduction. Neurofeedback (NF) is an adjuvant or alternative therapy for children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). This study intended to compare the efficacy of two different NF protocols on clinical and cognitive symptoms of ADHD. Materials and Methods. In this clinical trial, sixty children with ADHD aged 7 to 10 years old were randomly grouped to receive two different NF treatments (theta suppression/beta enhancement protocol and theta suppression/alpha enhancement protocol). Clinical and cognitive assessments were conducted prior to and following the treatment and also after an eight-week follow-up...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320691/microsoft-kinect-based-continuous-performance-test-an-objective-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-assessment
#6
David Delgado-Gomez, Inmaculada Peñuelas-Calvo, Antonio Eduardo Masó-Besga, Silvia Vallejo-Oñate, Itziar Baltasar Tello, Elsa Arrua Duarte, María Constanza Vera Varela, Juan Carballo, Enrique Baca-García
BACKGROUND: One of the major challenges in mental medical care is finding out new instruments for an accurate and objective evaluation of the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Early ADHD identification, severity assessment, and prompt treatment are essential to avoid the negative effects associated with this mental condition. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to develop a novel ADHD assessment instrument based on Microsoft Kinect, which identifies ADHD cardinal symptoms in order to provide a more accurate evaluation...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301969/the-internet-s-effect-on-personality-traits-an-important-casualty-of-the-internet-addiction-paradigm
#7
Elias Aboujaoude
Background and aims The "Internet addiction" paradigm has been criticized for several shortcomings, including inattention to specific online behaviors, not distinguishing the Internet from other media, insufficient focus on comorbidities, and definitions that do not take into account the constant access now possible. The paradigm's biggest casualty, however, may be that it has diverted attention away from subtle personality changes that seem to occur online, including in users who cannot be considered "addicted" under any definition...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299794/prospective-associations-between-peer-victimization-and-social-psychological-adjustment-problems-in-early-childhood
#8
Kimberly E Kamper-DeMarco, Jamie M Ostrov
The present short-term longitudinal study examined prospective associations between two forms of peer victimization (i.e., physical, relational) and both externalizing and internalizing problems in early childhood. The study assessed 97 children (42 girls; M age = 45.22 months, SD = 6.99) over the course of one school year with assessments occurring at the end of each semester (approximately 6 months apart). Multiple methods were used to collect data over the course of one school year to test theoretically driven hypotheses...
March 15, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293481/a-genetic-variant-within-sts-previously-associated-with-inattention-in-boys-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-is-associated-with-enhanced-cognition-in-healthy-adult-males
#9
Trevor Humby, Amelia Fisher, Christopher Allen, Meghann Reynolds, Annette Hartman, Ina Giegling, Dan Rujescu, William Davies
INTRODUCTION: The enzyme steroid sulfatase (STS) converts sulfated steroids to their non-sulfated forms. Deficiency for this enzyme is associated with inattention but preserved response control. The polymorphism rs17268988 within the X-linked STS gene is associated with inattentive, but not other, symptoms in boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: We initially tested whether rs17268988 genotype was associated with attention, response control, and underlying aspects of cognition, using questionnaires and neuropsychological tasks, in two independent cohorts of healthy adult males...
March 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293109/effects-of-a-structured-20-session-slow-cortical-potential-based-neurofeedback-program-on-attentional-performance-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-retrospective-analysis-of-an-open-label-pilot-approach-and-6-month-follow
#10
Johanna S Albrecht, Sarah Bubenzer-Busch, Anne Gallien, Eva Lotte Knospe, Tilman J Gaber, Florian D Zepf
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this approach was to conduct a structured electroencephalography-based neurofeedback training program for children and adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using slow cortical potentials with an intensive first (almost daily sessions) and second phase of training (two sessions per week) and to assess aspects of attentional performance. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 24 young patients with ADHD participated in the 20-session training program...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289568/human-head-orientation-and-eye-visibility-as-indicators-of-attention-for-goats-capra-hircus
#11
Christian Nawroth, Alan G McElligott
Animals domesticated for working closely with humans (e.g. dogs) have been shown to be remarkable in adjusting their behaviour to human attentional stance. However, there is little evidence for this form of information perception in species domesticated for production rather than companionship. We tested domestic ungulates (goats) for their ability to differentiate attentional states of humans. In the first experiment, we investigated the effect of body and head orientation of one human experimenter on approach behaviour by goats...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283199/drugs-and-driving-research-in-medicinal-drug-development
#12
J G Ramaekers
Medicinal drugs that cause drowsiness and inattentiveness may impair driving. The FDA recently emphasized that standardized procedures for measuring drug effects on driving are needed as part of drug registration. Here, I provide an overview of a standardized on-the-road driving test that offers maximal drug sensitivity and uses a real-life outcome measure of driver impairment that is strongly associated with crash risk.
March 7, 2017: Trends in Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281767/the-effect-of-methylphenidate-oros-sup-%C3%A2-sup-on-the-narrative-ability-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#13
Tessa L Rausch, Diane L Kendall, Sara T Kover, Elizabeth M Louw, Ursula L Zsilavecz, Anita Van der Merwe
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience difficulty with expressive language, including form (e.g. grammatical construction) and content (e.g. coherence). The current study aimed to investigate the effect of methylphenidate-Osmotic Release Oral System® (MPH-OROS®) on the narrative ability of children with ADHD and language impairment, through the analysis of microstructure and macrostructure narrative elements. METHOD: In a single group off-on medication test design, narratives were obtained from 12 children with ADHD, aged 7-13 years, using wordless picture books...
February 27, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280346/trend-characteristics-and-pharmacotherapy-of-adults-diagnosed-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-nationwide-survey-in-taiwan
#14
Yu-Shian Cheng, Yu-Chiau Shyu, Sheng-Yu Lee, Shin-Sheng Yuan, Chun-Ju Yang, Kang-Chung Yang, Tung-Liang Lee, Liang-Jen Wang
OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults may result in functional impairment warranting clinical interventions. However, few studies have investigated the diagnosis and treatment rates of adult ADHD in non-Caucasian ethnic groups. This study used nationwide population-based data to investigate the rate of diagnosis, associated characteristics, and pharmacological treatment for adult ADHD in Taiwan. METHODS: Adults (age ≥18 years) newly diagnosed with ADHD (n=5,397) between January 2000 and December 2011 were enrolled from the National Health Insurance database in Taiwan...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278592/exploring-associations-between-self-regulatory-mechanisms-and-neuropsychological-functioning-and-driver-behaviour-after-brain-injury
#15
Per-Ola Rike, Hans J Johansen, Pål Ulleberg, Anna Lundqvist, Anne-Kristine Schanke
The objective of this prospective one-year follow-up study was to explore the associations between self-regulatory mechanisms and neuropsychological tests as well as baseline and follow-up ratings of driver behaviour. The participants were a cohort of subjects with stroke and traumatic brain injury (TBI) who were found fit to drive after a multi-disciplinary driver assessment (baseline). Baseline measures included neuropsychological tests and ratings of self-regulatory mechanisms, i.e., executive functions (Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Adult Version; BRIEF-A) and impulsive personality traits (UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale)...
April 11, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277709/unique-contributions-of-dynamic-versus-global-measures-of-parent-child-interaction-quality-in-predicting-school-adjustment
#16
Sarah Bardack, Janette E Herbers, Jelena Obradović
This study investigates the unique contribution of microsocial and global measures of parent-child positive coregulation (PCR) in predicting children's behavioral and social adjustment in school. Using a community sample of 102 children, ages 4-6, and their parents, we conducted nested path analytic models to identify the unique effects of 2 measures of PCR on school outcomes. Microsocial PCR independently predicted fewer externalizing and inattention/impulsive behaviors in school. Global PCR did not uniquely relate to children's behavioral and social adjustment outcomes...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271452/testing-the-dual-pathway-model-of-adhd-in-obesity-a-pilot-study
#17
Saskia Van der Oord, Caroline Braet, Samuele Cortese, Laurence Claes
INTRODUCTION: There may be shared neuropsychological dysfunctions in ADHD and obesity. This study tested a neuropsychological model of ADHD (reward/executive dysfunctioning) in individuals with obesity. Furthermore, the association between co-morbid binge eating and reward/executive dysfunction was explored. METHODS: Reward/executive dysfunctioning was assessed using both neuropsychological measures and questionnaires in individuals (aged 17-68) with obesity (N = 39; mean BMI = 39...
March 7, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264636/mothers-parenting-stress-is-associated-with-salivary-cortisol-profiles-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#18
Terpsichori Korpa, Panagiota Pervanidou, Eleni Angeli, Filia Apostolakou, Katerina Papanikolaou, Ioannis Papassotiriou, George P Chrousos, Gerasimos Kolaitis
The aim of this study was to explore the relation between mothers' parenting stress and the functioning of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPAA), as expressed by daily salivary cortisol concentrations, in their children diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Seventy-five children aged 6-11 years diagnosed with ADHD predominant Hyperactive-Impulsive/Combined (ADHD-HI/C, N = 49) and Inattentive symptoms (ADHD-I, N = 26) and 45 healthy peers and their mothers participated in the study...
March 6, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262601/il-6-and-tnf-%C3%AE-in-unmedicated-adults-with-adhd-relationship-to-cortisol-awakening-response
#19
M Corominas-Roso, A Armario, G Palomar, M Corrales, J Carrasco, V Richarte, R Ferrer, M Casas, J A Ramos-Quiroga
There is preliminary evidence that the immune system's cytokines may have impact on ADHD in children. Nevertheless, studies exploring the possible role of pro-inflammatory cytokines in adults with ADHD are lacking. This study aimed to assess differences in serum IL-6 and TNF-α between patients and controls and their possible relationship to resting cortisol. 108 adults with ADHD (DSM-IV), 44 inattentive and 64 combined, age ranging between 18 and 55 years, and 27 healthy controls were included. Major psychiatric disorders and organic comorbidities were excluded...
February 20, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255761/a-causal-and-mediation-analysis-of-the-comorbidity-between-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd
#20
Elena Sokolova, Anoek M Oerlemans, Nanda N Rommelse, Perry Groot, Catharina A Hartman, Jeffrey C Glennon, Tom Claassen, Tom Heskes, Jan K Buitelaar
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are often comorbid. The purpose of this study is to explore the relationships between ASD and ADHD symptoms by applying causal modeling. We used a large phenotypic data set of 417 children with ASD and/or ADHD, 562 affected and unaffected siblings, and 414 controls, to infer a structural equation model using a causal discovery algorithm. Three distinct pathways between ASD and ADHD were identified: (1) from impulsivity to difficulties with understanding social information, (2) from hyperactivity to stereotypic, repetitive behavior, (3) a pairwise pathway between inattention, difficulties with understanding social information, and verbal IQ...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
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