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Patient health questionnaire

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793084/subthreshold-depression-among-diabetes-patients-in-beijing-cross-sectional-associations-among-sociodemographic-clinical-and-behavior-factors
#1
Dandan Wang, Lintao Shi, Leling Li, Xiaohui Guo, Yufeng Li, Yuan Xu, Shinan Yin, Qiaozhen Wu, Yu Yang, Xiaoming Zhuang, Yingli Gai, Quanmin Li, Yanjun Liu
BACKGROUND: This study explores the prevalence of subthreshold depression (SubD) and its association with factors in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 808 outpatients with T2DM from ten hospitals in Beijing between September 2015 and January 2016. All participants completed the Patient Health Questionnaire 9-item (PHQ-9) to evaluate depressive status, with scores between 5 and 14 considered SubD. Conditional logistic regression was conducted to investigate the variables associated with SubD in T2DM patients...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792993/responsiveness-of-the-japanese-orthopaedic-association-back-pain-evaluation-questionnaire-in-lumbar-surgery-and-its-threshold-for-indicating-clinically-important-differences
#2
Takahito Fujimori, Toshitada Miwa, Takenori Oda
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Introduced in 2007, the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire (JOABPEQ) has been widely used, but its psychometric properties have not been well studied. PURPOSE: To assess the responsiveness and the clinically important differences of JOABPEQ for lumbar surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. PATIENT SAMPLE: Two hundreds and three consecutive patients underwent lumbar surgeries between July 2013 and November 2015 in a single hospital...
May 21, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792534/intensity-of-previous-teaching-but-not-diagnostic-skills-influences-stigmatization-of-patients-with-substance-use-disorder-by-general-practice-residents-a-vignette-study-among-french-final-year-residents-in-general-practice
#3
Julie Dupouy, Aurore Vergnes, Catherine Laporte, Shérazade Kinouani, Marc Auriacombe, Stéphane Oustric, Marie-Eve Rougé Bugat
BACKGROUND: High levels of stigma towards patients with substance use disorder (SUD) have been found in health professionals and medical students. OBJECTIVES: To assess the capability of residents in general practice to diagnose SUD correctly; to assess their stigmatization of patients with SUD and to assess the correlation between both variables. We hypothesized a negative correlation. METHODS: In 2014, we conducted a cross-sectional survey among French residents in general practice, using a self-administered questionnaire...
December 2018: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792290/the-use-of-mobile-health-applications-to-improve-patient-experience-cross-sectional-study-in-chinese-public-hospitals
#4
Chuntao Lu, Yinhuan Hu, Jinzhu Xie, Qiang Fu, Isabella Leigh, Samuel Governor, Guanping Wang
BACKGROUND: The proliferation of mobile health apps has greatly changed the way society accesses the health care industry. However, despite the widespread use of mobile health apps by patients in China, there has been little research that evaluates the effect of mobile health apps on patient experience during hospital visits. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to examine whether the use of mobile health apps improves patient experience and to find out the difference in patient experience between users and nonusers and the characteristics associated with the users of these apps...
May 23, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792258/nurses-and-patients-perceptions-of-the-quality-of-psychiatric-nursing-care-in-jordan
#5
Wafa S Alsyouf, Ayman M Hamdan-Mansour, Shaher H Hamaideh, Khaled M Alnadi
BACKGROUND: The quality of care provided for patients in mental health-care facilities remains a challenge for health-care providers in general and for nurses in particular. Identifying the level of quality of care provided for patients in mental health-care facilities as perceived by nurses and patients may help health-care providers improve the quality of care and improve patients' outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to assess the perceptions of nurses and patients of the quality of nursing care, and explore the differences in their perceptions of quality of care in mental health-care facilities in Jordan...
May 1, 2018: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792226/treatment-of-depression-and-or-anxiety-outcomes-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-tree-theme-method%C3%A2-versus-regular-occupational-therapy
#6
A Birgitta Gunnarsson, Petra Wagman, Katarina Hedin, Carita Håkansson
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety disorders are a major concern in western countries, and because these often have a negative affect on everyday life interventions based on activities in everyday life are needed. The Tree Theme Method® (TTM) is a client-centred occupational therapy intervention designed to increase the ability to cope with, and to enhance satisfaction with, everyday life, both at home and at work. The aim of this study was to compare the short term outcomes of the TTM intervention with regular occupational therapy treatment for people with depression and/or anxiety disorders...
May 23, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792188/health-related-quality-of-life-in-multiple-sclerosis-temperament-outweighs-edss
#7
S Salhofer-Polanyi, F Friedrich, S Löffler, P S Rommer, A Gleiss, R Engelmaier, F Leutmezer, B Vyssoki
BACKGROUND: The influence of personality on health-related quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis has been the focus of previous studies showing that introversion and neuroticism were related with reduced health related quality of life. However, no data exist on the impact of temperament on quality of life in this patient group. METHODS: Between April 2014 and March 2016 139 multiple sclerosis patients were recruited from a specialized outpatient clinic of the general hospital of Vienna...
May 23, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792080/stakeholders-resistance-to-telemedicine-with-focus-on-physicians-utilizing-the-delphi-technique
#8
Woo Seok Choi, Joowoong Park, Jin Young Brian Choi, Jae-Suk Yang
Introduction Sufficient infrastructure for information and communications technology (ICT) and a well-established policy are necessary factors for smooth implementation of telemedicine. However, despite these necessary conditions being met, there are situations where telemedicine still fails to be accepted as a system due to the low receptivity of stakeholders. In this study, we analyse stakeholders' resistance to an organization's implementation of telemedicine. Focusing on the physicians' interests, we propose a strategy to minimize conflicts and improve acceptance...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792076/emotion-regulation-in-autism-reappraisal-and-suppression-interactions
#9
Ru Ying Cai, Amanda L Richdale, Cheryl Dissanayake, Julian Trollor, Mirko Uljarević
Emotion regulation has been proposed to be a transdiagnostic factor in the development and maintenance of psychopathology in the general population, yet the nature of the relationships between emotion regulation strategy use and psychological well-being has not been comprehensively explored in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The aim of this study was to assess how the individual differences in self-reported emotion regulation strategy use relate to levels of both positive and negative psychological well-being...
May 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792051/predicting-suicide-attempts-and-suicide-deaths-following-outpatient-visits-using-electronic-health-records
#10
Gregory E Simon, Eric Johnson, Jean M Lawrence, Rebecca C Rossom, Brian Ahmedani, Frances L Lynch, Arne Beck, Beth Waitzfelder, Rebecca Ziebell, Robert B Penfold, Susan M Shortreed
OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to develop and validate models using electronic health records to predict suicide attempt and suicide death following an outpatient visit. METHOD: Across seven health systems, 2,960,929 patients age 13 or older (mean age, 46 years; 62% female) made 10,275,853 specialty mental health visits and 9,685,206 primary care visits with mental health diagnoses between Jan. 1, 2009, and June 30, 2015. Health system records and state death certificate data identified suicide attempts (N=24,133) and suicide deaths (N=1,240) over 90 days following each visit...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792049/five-year-suicidal-ideation-trajectories-among-women-receiving-or-being-denied-an-abortion
#11
M Antonia Biggs, Heather Gould, Rana E Barar, Diana G Foster
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of receiving compared with being denied an abortion on women's experiences of suicidal ideation over 5 years. METHOD: The authors recruited 956 women from 30 U.S. abortion facilities. Women were interviewed by telephone 1 week after their abortion visit, then every 6 months for 5 years. Women who received near-limit abortions were compared with women who were denied an abortion and carried their pregnancies to term (turnaway-birth group)...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791895/effect-of-postprandial-administration-of-esomeprazole-on-reflux-symptoms-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Doron Boltin, Ibrahim Zvidi, Maria Raskin, Hen Kayless, Hemda Schmilovitz-Weiss, Rachel Gingold-Belfer, Yaron Niv, Ram Dickman
BACKGROUND: Esomeprazole is commonly administered with food; however, clinical data to support this practice are lacking. We aimed to determine the effect of postprandial ingestion of esomeprazole on reflux symptoms among patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). METHODS: Consecutive patients with GERD adequately controlled with esomeprazole 40 mg daily, entered a 2-week lead-in period during which esomeprazole was administered 30 min before breakfast...
May 23, 2018: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791514/high-prevalence-of-syndemic-health-problems-in-patients-seeking-post-exposure-prophylaxis-for-sexual-exposures-to-hiv
#13
Steven A Morrison, Deborah Yoong, Trevor A Hart, Paul MacPherson, Isaac Bogoch, Vishalini Sivarajah, Kevin Gough, Mark Naccarato, Darrell H S Tan
INTRODUCTION: The standard clinical approach to non-occupational HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (nPEP) focuses on biomedical aspects of the intervention, but may overlook co-occurring or 'syndemic' psychosocial problems that reinforce future vulnerability to HIV. We therefore sought to determine the prevalence of syndemic health problems in a cohort of Ontario nPEP patients, and explored the relationship between syndemic burden and HIV risk. METHODS: Between 07/2013-08/2016, we distributed a self-administered questionnaire to patients presenting to three clinics in Toronto and Ottawa seeking nPEP for sexual HIV exposures...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791212/indian-novice-nurses-perceptions-of-their-role-in-caring-for-women-who-have-experienced-intimate-partner-violence
#14
Sailaxmi Gandhi, Vijayalakshmi Poreddi, Reddy Ss Nikhil, Marimuthu Palaniappan, Suresh Bada Math
BACKGROUND: intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant health problem and a gross violation of the human rights of women. Nurses play an important role in providing support for these women. There is limited research on nurses' understanding and perceptions of their role in caring for women with IPV issues in India. AIM: to assess novice nurses' perceptions of self-efficacy, educational preparedness and their role in this area. METHODS: this was a cross-sectional descriptive survey carried out among a convenience sample of novice nurses (n=83) at a tertiary care centre using self-reported questionnaires...
May 24, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790775/dental-periodontal-and-salivary-conditions-in-diabetic-children-associated-with-metabolic-control-variables-and-nutritional-plan-adherence
#15
C Y Díaz Rosas, E Cárdenas Vargas, J E Castañeda-Delgado, L A Aguilera-Galaviz, M C Aceves Medina
AIM: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that has manifestations other than alterations in endocrine regulation or in metabolic pathways. Several diseases of the oral cavity have been associated with diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2 in young people according to their evolution. Scarce information exists regarding the role of diabetes and its association with the oral health status in paediatric diabetic patients. The aims of the study were to assess the quality of saliva, saliva acidogenicity, dental caries experience, fluorosis and periodontal status in diabetic patients and to evaluate their relationship with metabolic control variables and nutritional plan adherence...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790660/drama-to-promote-non-verbal-communication-skills
#16
Martina Kelly, Lara Nixon, Kirsten Broadfoot, Marianna Hofmeister, Tim Dornan
BACKGROUND: Non-verbal communication skills (NVCS) help physicians to deliver relationship-centred care, and the effective use of NVCS is associated with improved patient satisfaction, better use of health services and high-quality clinical care. In contrast to verbal communication skills, NVCS training is under developed in communication curricula for the health care professions. One of the challenges teaching NVCS is their tacit nature. In this study, we evaluated drama exercises to raise awareness of NVCS by making familiar activities 'strange'...
May 23, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790405/poor-medication-adherence-in-patients-with-psoriasis-and-a-successful-intervention
#17
Wei Wang, Ying Qiu, Fengying Zhao, Furen Zhang
BACKGROUND: The medication adherence of psoriasis patients may be influenced by a series combined internal and external factors. Effective methods for improving adherence could improve treatment outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To characterize medication adherence in psoriasis patients in China and to test an intervention to improve psoriasis patients' adherence. METHODS: We investigated 200 patients with psoriasis using questionnaires to determine their medication adherence and the factors that influence adherence...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790140/-the-relationship-between-quality-of-life-and-psychological-and-behavioral-factors-in-patients-with-heart-failure-following-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy
#18
Jing Huang, Jin-Bo Fang, Yi-Heng Zhao
BACKGROUND: While cardiac resynchronization therapy improves the quality of life of patients with heart failure, some psychological and behavioral factors still affect the quality of life of these patients. However, information on the factors that affect the quality of life of these patients is limited. PURPOSE: To describe the quality of life and investigate the relationship between quality of life and behavioral and psychological factors such as depression, smoking, drinking, water and sodium restrictions, exercise, and adherence in patients with chronic heart failure following cardiac resynchronization therapy...
June 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790137/-diabetic-foot-neuropathy-and-related-factors-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Tzu-Yu Chen, Chia-Huei Lin, Yue-Cune Chang, Chih-Hsin Wang, Yi-Jen Hung, Wen-Chii Tzeng
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) face a higher risk of diabetic foot neuropathy, which increases the risk of death. The early detection of factors that influence diabetic neuropathy reduces the risk of foot lesions, including foot ulcerations, lower extremity amputation, and mortality. PURPOSE: To explore the demographic, disease-characteristic, health-literacy, and foot-self-care-behavior factors that affect diabetic foot neuropathy in patients with T2DM...
June 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790108/the-impact-of-dietary-habits-on-the-pathogenesis-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-case-control-study
#20
Masoume Rambod, Mohammadali Nazarinia, Farahnaz Raieskarimian
It has not been clear what kinds and how much nutrients could be harmful, preventive, or healthful for development of rheumatoid arthritis. This study aimed to determine the impact of dietary habits on the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. This case-control study was conducted on a total of 500 rheumatoid arthritis patients and 500 healthy controls refereed to three clinics of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences in 2015-2016. Convenience sampling was used for data collection in both case and control groups...
May 22, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
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