Read by QxMD icon Read


Samhita Kumar, Alys Willman
Populations living in fragile and conflict-affected settings (FCS) endure serious hardship, often including witnessing or having direct exposure to violence. These experiences adversely affect the mind, body, and spirit, and diminish the capacity of individuals and communities to take full advantage of economic empowerment opportunities. A small but growing number of programs have begun to combine psychosocial support with livelihood support in FCS, with some promising indication that this combination can enhance project outcomes...
September 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
Åsa Larsson, Yvonne Hilli
BACKGROUND: The midwifery profession in Sweden has a history since the early 1700s when government training for midwives began. Midwifery is historically well described, but the idea of caring within midwifery is not described. AIM: The aim was to describe the patterns of ideas of caring as they appeared in midwifery during the first half of the 20th century. RESEARCH DESIGN: This study has a hermeneutic approach and the method is history of ideas...
October 19, 2016: Nursing Ethics
Katherine Wingert Pizarro, Inés V Bustamante, Pamela J Surkan
BACKGROUND: Family relationships are widely recognized as playing a role in adolescent alcohol use. Although family relationships and parenting vary by culture, limited research has explored these relationships in Latin America. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine which family factors are associated with adolescent alcohol use in Callao, Peru. METHODS: Data come from a cross-sectional survey conducted in a public secondary school in Callao, Peru in 2007...
October 18, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Peter C Wever, Mike B J M Korst, Maarten Otte
In December 1913, a board of medical officers was appointed to adapt new U.S. Army equipment to the needs of the Hospital Corps. One of the improvements concerned substitution of the satchel-like Hospital Corps pouch used to carry first aid equipment. A waist belt with 10 pockets, known as the medical belt, was devised, and supplied with a tourniquet, adhesive plaster, safety pins, iodine swabs, sublimated gauze, individual dressing packets, gauze bandages, aromatic spirit of ammonia, and common pins. In addition, an ax carrier accommodating a hand ax, a canteen hanger, and a pouch to carry diagnosis tags and instruments were attached to the medical belt...
October 2016: Military Medicine
Franklin H G Bridgewater
The management of trauma has evolved significantly over the last 40 years. Seminal to this process was the development in Nebraska of a concept of trauma management that was promulgated as Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS). It has achieved global support and is considered by many to be the acme in trauma management. Every participant in an ATLS course remembers that an aviation accident in rural Nebraska was responsible for the nascence of the program but very few know the details of the crash. February 17, 2016, was the 40th anniversary of the accident...
October 2016: Military Medicine
Will Kew, Ian Goodall, David Clarke, Dušan Uhrín
Scotch Whisky is an important product, both culturally and economically. Chemically, Scotch Whisky is a complex mixture, which comprises thousands of compounds, the nature of which are largely unknown. Here, we present a thorough overview of the chemistry of Scotch Whisky as observed by Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS). Eighty-five whiskies, representing the majority of Scotch Whisky produced and sold, were analyzed by untargeted high-resolution mass spectrometry. Thousands of chemical formulae were assigned for each sample based on parts-per-billion mass accuracy of FT-ICR MS spectra...
October 17, 2016: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Sanja Pintarić, Ivan Zeljković, Gordana Pehnec, Višnja Nesek, Mislav Vrsalović, Hrvoje Pintarić
The aim of this study was to investigate whether nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone (O3), and certain meteorological conditions had an impact on cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related emergency department (ED) visits in the metropolitan area of Zagreb. This retrospective, ecological study included 20,228 patients with a cardiovascular disease as their primary diagnosis who were examined in the EDs of two Croatian University Hospitals, Sisters of Charity and Holy Spirit, in the study period July 2008-June 2010. The median of daily CVD-related ED visits during the study period was 28 and was the highest during winter...
September 1, 2016: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
Ludovic Donaghy, Hyun-Ki Hong, Moonkoo Kim, Heung-Sik Park, Kwang-Sik Choi
In December 2007, >150km of the West coast of Korea were heavily polluted by crude oil leaked from the oil tanker Hebei Spirit, leading to mass mortality of bivalve mollusks on the intertidal areas. Two years after, mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis were collected from two impacted sites to investigate sub-lethal effects of the oil spill. Tissue content in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), hemocyte parameters, reproductive status and energetic reserves were analyzed. PAHs in tissues of mussels as well as hemocyte parameters were not different between impacted and control sites...
October 10, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Lewis Mehl-Madrona
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is disproportionately common among Aboriginal people in Canada. METHODS: Life stories were collected from 54 Aboriginal suicide attempters in northern Saskatchewan. Constant comparison techniques and modified grounded theory identified common themes expressed. RESULTS: Three common plots/themes preceded suicide attempts: 1) relationship breakup, usually sudden, unanticipated, involving a third person; 2) being publicly humiliated by another person(s), accompanied by high levels of shame; and 3) high levels of unremitting, chronic life stress (including poverty) with relative isolation...
November 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Rafael T Mikolajczyk, Rene Sebena, Julia Warich, Vihra Naydenova, Urszula Dudziak, Olga Orosova
BACKGROUND: Alcohol drinking was linked to self-rated health in different populations, but the observed association was inconsistent. We studied the association among university students across three European countries with different patterns of drinking. METHODS: We analyzed data from three universities, one from each country: Germany (beer dominant), Bulgaria (wine dominant), and Poland (unclassified among youths, spirits dominant in adults) (N = 2103). Frequency of drinking and problem drinking (≥2 positive responses on CAGE-scale), on the one side, and self-rated health, caring for one's own health, and worsening of health since the last year, on the other side, were assessed by means of self-administered questionnaire...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Justyna Dominikowska, Mirosław Jabłoński, Marcin Palusiak
The Hellmann-Feynman theorem, when applied to nuclear coordinates in a molecular system, states that Feynman forces, i.e. forces acting on a nucleus in a molecule, are solely of an electrostatic nature. This theorem is described by Slater as "the most powerful" theorem applicable to molecules. However, its possibilities have hardly been harnessed. This work presents the use of the Hellmann-Feynman theorem in conjunction with the partitioning of the molecular space into atoms in the spirit of the quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM)...
September 14, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Jingjing Deng, Guoyue Shi, Tianshu Zhou
This study demonstrates a new strategy for colorimetric detection of alcoholic strength (AS) in spirit samples based on dual-responsive lanthanide infinite coordination polymer (Ln-ICP) particles with ratiometric fluorescence. The ICP used in this study are composed of two components: one is the supramolecular Ln-ICP network formed by the coordination between the ligand 2,2'-thiodiacetic acid (TDA) and central metal ion Eu(3+); and the other is a fluorescent dye, i.e., coumarin 343 (C343), both as the cofactor ligand and as the sensitizer, doped into the Ln-ICP network through self-adaptive chemistry...
October 26, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
Nairhita Samanta, Rajarshi Chakrabarti
We use molecular dynamics simulations to investigate the tracer diffusion in a sea of polymers with specific binding zones for the tracer. These binding zones act as traps. Our simulations show that the tracer can undergo normal yet non-Gaussian diffusion under certain circumstances, e.g., when the polymers with traps are frozen in space and the volume fraction and the binding strength of the traps are moderate. In this case, as the tracer moves, it experiences a heterogeneous environment and exhibits confined continuous time random walk (CTRW) like motion resulting in a non-Gaussian behavior...
September 28, 2016: Soft Matter
Patrick Taffé
Bland and Altman's limits of agreement have traditionally been used in clinical research to assess the agreement between different methods of measurement for quantitative variables. However, when the variances of the measurement errors of the two methods are different, Bland and Altman's plot may be misleading; there are settings where the regression line shows an upward or a downward trend but there is no bias or a zero slope and there is a bias. Therefore, the goal of this paper is to clearly illustrate why and when does a bias arise, particularly when heteroscedastic measurement errors are expected, and propose two new plots, the "bias plot" and the "precision plot," to help the investigator visually and clinically appraise the performance of the new method...
October 4, 2016: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
Alex Abramovich
This study examined the experiences that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, questioning, and 2-Spirit (LGBTQ2S) homeless youth have in shelters and the disjunctures that occur for this population in Toronto's shelter system. The attitudes and behaviours of shelter workers and management towards LGBTQ2S youth were also explored. A Critical Action Research approach, informed by Critical Ethnography and Institutional Ethnography was employed. Thirty-three people participated in this study in the Greater Toronto Area...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
M W Gunathunga
BACKGROUND: Cognitive ergonomics in the work place has become a serious concern with the need to keep people happy at work while maintaining high productivity. Hence, it is worth exploring how the outcomes of lifestyle-based mind development programs can bring about happiness in workplace while keeping productivity and quality of services high. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present work was to test a body-mind technique to improve cognitive ergonomics in a health care work setting...
October 17, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Johanna Enö Persson, Benjamin Bohman, Lars Forsberg, Maria Beckman, Per Tynelius, Finn Rasmussen, Ata Ghaderi
BACKGROUND: Research on training in motivational interviewing (MI) has shown eroding skills after workshops not followed by additional training input (supervision/coaching). There is a need for more research evaluating different types and lengths of post-workshop training with follow-up periods extending six months. This study is an extension of a previous evaluation of the level of proficiency in MI after workshop and four sessions of supervision among nurses in Swedish child health services...
2016: PloS One
Lauriane Sindt, Marine Gammacurta, Pierre Waffo-Teguo, Denis Dubourdieu, Axel Marchal
Quercoresinosides A and B (1 and 2), two new lignans, were isolated from a toasted Quercus petraea heartwood extract along with a known compound, 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenol 1-O-β-d-(6'-O-galloyl)glucopyranoside (3). The purification protocol was based on a taste-guided approach that sought to reveal new bitter compounds released from oak wood into wines and spirits. HRMS and NMR data were used to establish that compounds 1 and 2 are lignan derivatives bearing a glucosyl unit and a galloyl unit at the same positions...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Natural Products
Thato Motshoge, Grace K Ababio, Larysa Aleksenko, John Read, Elias Peloewetse, Mazhani Loeto, Tjantilili Mosweunyane, Kentse Moakofhi, Davies S Ntebele, Simon Chihanga, Mpho Motlaleng, Anderson Chinorumba, Moses Vurayai, Jeffrey M Pernica, Giacomo M Paganotti, Isaac K Quaye
BACKGROUND: Botswana is one of eight SADC countries targeting malaria elimination by 2018. Through spirited upscaling of control activities and passive surveillance, significant reductions in case incidence of Plasmodium falciparum (0.96 - 0.01) was achieved between 2008 and 2012. As part of the elimination campaign, active detection of asymptomatic Plasmodium species by a highly sensitive method was deemed necessary. This study was carried out to determine asymptomatic Plasmodium species carriage by nested PCR in the country, in 2012...
September 29, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Helena Sá, Rita Leal, Manuel Santos Rosa
To deride the hope of progress is the ultimate fatuity, the last word in poverty of spirit and meanness of mind. There is no need to be dismayed by the fact that we cannot yet envisage a definitive solution of our problems, a resting-place beyond which we need not try to go. -P.B. Medawar, 1969* [Formula: see text] Thomas E. Starlz, also known as the Father of Clinical Transplantation, once said that organ transplantation was the supreme exception to the rule that most major advances in medicine spring from discoveries in basic science [Starzl T...
September 28, 2016: International Reviews of Immunology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"