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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319979/patient-experience-a-critical-indicator-of-healthcare-performance
#1
Pamela H Guler
Patient experience has become a critical differentiator for healthcare organizations, and it will only grow in importance as transparency and consumerism dominate the healthcare landscape. Creating and sustaining a consistently exceptional experience that promotes patient engagement and the best outcomes is far more than just "satisfying" patients, going well beyond amenities that may be provided.Perception of care experience is often shaped by methods we use to address the biopsychosocial needs of patients...
April 2017: Frontiers of Health Services Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315534/survivorship-how-to-survive-cancer-and-still-lose-your-life%C3%A2
#2
Yvette Colón
Cancer survivorship implies that the cancer has been treated and the survivor can return to his or her precancer life. The term fails to acknowledge the radical change to the person's mind, body, and spirit, nor does it address the diminished quality of life that can occur secondary to treatment. The survivorship struggle is often overlooked as public interests lies only in "success stories."
April 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301644/association-of-body-mass-index-with-infectious-complications-in-free-tissue-transfer-for-head-and-neck-reconstructive-surgery
#3
Mohemmed N Khan, Jack Russo, John Spivack, Christopher Pool, Ilya Likhterov, Marita Teng, Eric M Genden, Brett A Miles
Importance: Elevated body mass index (BMI) has been proposed as a risk factor for morbidity and mortality among patients undergoing surgery. Conversely, an elevated BMI may confer a protective effect on perioperative morbidity. Objective: To examine whether an elevated BMI is an independent risk factor for perioperative and postoperative infectious complications after free tissue transfer in head and neck reconstructive surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included patients undergoing major head and neck surgery requiring free tissue transfer at a tertiary care center...
March 16, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299257/cleft-lip-and-palate-parental-experiences-of-stigma-discrimination-and-social-structural-inequalities
#4
Wasiu Lanre Adeyemo, Olutayo James, Azeez Butali
BACKGROUND: Cleft lip and palate (CLP) are the most common craniofacial birth impairment and one of the most common congenital impairments in humans. Anecdotal evidence suggests that stigmatization, discrimination, and sociocultural inequalities are common "phenomenon" experienced by families of children with CLP in Nigeria. This study aimed to explore the stigmatization, discrimination, and sociocultural inequalities experiences of families with children born with CLP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out at the surgical outpatient cleft clinic of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298187/icanadapt-early-protocol-randomised-controlled-trial-rct-of-clinician-supervised-transdiagnostic-internet-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-icbt-for-depression-and-or-anxiety-in-early-stage-cancer-survivors-vs-treatment-as-usual
#5
M J Murphy, J M Newby, P Butow, L Kirsten, K Allison, S Loughnan, M A Price, J Shaw, H Shepherd, J Smith, G Andrews
BACKGROUND: This RCT with two parallel arms will evaluate the efficacy of an internet-delivered transdiagnostic cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) intervention for the treatment of clinical depression and/or anxiety in early stage cancer survivors. METHODS/DESIGN: Early stage cancer survivors will be recruited via the research arm of a not-for-profit clinical research unit and randomised to an intervention (iCBT) group or a 'treatment as usual' (TAU) control group...
March 15, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298008/magnetic-eigenmaps-for-community-detection-in-directed-networks
#6
Michaël Fanuel, Carlos M Alaíz, Johan A K Suykens
Communities in directed networks have often been characterized as regions with a high density of links, or as sets of nodes with certain patterns of connection. Our approach for community detection combines the optimization of a quality function and a spectral clustering of a deformation of the combinatorial Laplacian, the so-called magnetic Laplacian. The eigenfunctions of the magnetic Laplacian, which we call magnetic eigenmaps, incorporate structural information. Hence, using the magnetic eigenmaps, dense communities including directed cycles can be revealed as well as "role" communities in networks with a running flow, usually discovered thanks to mixture models...
February 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297704/successful-aging-from-the-viewpoint-of-older-adults-development-of-a-brief-successful-aging-inventory-sai
#7
Jeong Eun Lee, Boaz Kahana, Eva Kahana
OBJECTIVE: Researcher-defined criteria for successful aging (SA) have been criticized for their limited perspective and failure to acknowledge subjective perceptions of older individuals. We assessed the extent to which older individuals consider specific factors, which they had suggested, to be important in defining SA. The present study had 2 objectives: (a) to develop a brief multidimensional questionnaire for assessing SA and to evaluate its psychometric properties; and (b) to examine age associations with each dimension of SA...
March 16, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291937/characterization-and-evaluation-of-an-integrated-quality-monitoring-system-for-online-quality-assurance-of-external-beam-radiation-therapy
#8
David Hoffman, Eunah Chung, Clayton Hess, Robin Stern, Stanley Benedict
PURPOSE: The aim of this work was to comprehensively evaluate a new large field ion chamber transmission detector, Integral Quality Monitor (IQM), for online external photon beam verification and quality assurance. The device is designed to be mounted on the linac accessory tray to measure and verify photon energy, field shape, gantry position, and fluence before and during patient treatment. METHODS: Our institution evaluated the newly developed ion chamber's effect on photon beam fluence, response to dose, detection of photon fluence modification, and the accuracy of the integrated barometer, thermometer, and inclinometer...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290322/how-native-yeasts-may-influence-the-chemical-profile-of-the-brazilian-spirit-cacha%C3%A3-a
#9
Cauré B Portugal, Arthur Paron de Silva, Aline M Bortoletto, André R Alcarde
Cachaça is the typical Brazilian spirit, obtained by distillation of fermented sugarcane must, whose production is closely related to regional heritage and geographical traits. In this work, we investigate the influence of different autochthonous yeast species, in comparison to other commercial strains, on the chemical profile of cachaça. Fermentations were performed with four different wild species, a mixed starter culture with native yeasts, and two commercial strains. Procedures were carried out simulating traditional practices, the distillates analyzed by gas chromatography, and data analyzed by multivariate statistics...
January 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281422/ownership-and-human-tissue-the-legal-conundrum-a-response-to-jordaan-s-critique
#10
S Mahomed, M Nöthling-Slabbert, M S Pepper
The debate over whether there should be a property or non-property approach with regard to human tissue is only the tip of the iceberg, because the issues involved are very complex, reflecting profound considerations on the nature of the self and the structuring of society; the balance of power between the citizen, the government and commercial interests; and human beings' perceptions of themselves and their bodies. This article responds to a publication by Donrich Jordaan titled 'Social justice and research using human biological material: A response to Mahomed, Nöthling-Slabbert and Pepper' in the July 2016 SAMJ...
February 27, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278749/the-historical-ecology-of-malaria-in-ethiopia-deposing-the-spirits
#11
Rhiannon Stephens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276947/assessment-of-depression-anxiety-quality-of-life-and-coping-in-long-standing-multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-type-2-patients
#12
Karine Candido Rodrigues, Rodrigo Almeida Toledo, Flavia Lima Coutinho, Adriana Bezerra Nunes, Rui M B Maciel, Ana Oliveira Hoff, Marcos C Tavares, Sergio P A Toledo, Delmar Muniz Lourenço
BACKGROUND: Scarce data on psychological harm in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2) are available. OBJECTIVES: To assess anxiety, depression, quality of life and coping in long-standing MEN2 patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-three adults (age ≥ 18 y) with clinical and genetic diagnosis of MEN2 and long-term follow-up (10.6±8.2 years; 1-33). A cross-sectional study with qualitative and quantitative psychological assessment using semi-directed interviews and HADS, EORTC QLQ C30 and MINI-MAC scales...
March 9, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272950/spirit-of-1848
#13
Alfredo Morabia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271769/watch-out-for-the-impatient-patient
#14
Jane Bates
'How long will we be, nurse?' This is the question that sends my spirits downhill faster than a mountain bike on skis.
March 8, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269984/5-ht-receptor-nomenclature-naming-names-does-it-matter-a-tribute-to-maurice-rapport
#15
Daniel Hoyer
The naming of 5-HT receptors has been challenging, especially in the early days when the concept of multiple receptors for a single neurotransmitter was considered to be unrealistic at best. Yet pharmacological (rank orders of potency in functional or biochemical settings) and transductional evidence (2nd messengers, electrophysiology) clearly indicated the existence of receptor families and subfamilies. The genetic revolution, with the cloning and study of recombinantly expressed receptors, and eventually the cloning of the human and other genomes have made such reservations obsolete...
March 7, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269358/modeling-the-debye-dielectric-response-in-the-time-domain-for-a-liquid-crystal-based-biopotential-optrode
#16
Hrishikesh Srinivas, Amr Al Abed, Francois Ladouceur, Nigel H Lovell, Leonardo Silvestri
Multielectrode arrays (MEAs) are widely used for recording biopotentials, with an ongoing research effort to improve their characteristics and performance. In this spirit, we are currently investigating a novel concept for a liquid crystal-based optical electrode (optrode) that has the potential to overcome some of the limitations of MEAs, including that of wiring complexity. In this paper we present a model to fully describe the electrical response of the proposed optrode to biopotentials, taking into account dielectric relaxation...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251862/ingestion-of-white-spirit-resulting-in-perineal-skin-burns-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Joke Vanhoucke, Walter Buylaert, Kirsten Colpaert, Peter De Paepe
In the literature, possible systemic effects on health of inhalation or ingestion of white spirit are well described. Only a few case reports discuss the toxic skin effects that can occur following massive ingestion. Ingestion of large amounts of white spirit produces a watery diarrhoea with a high concentration of white spirit, resulting in perineal skin burns when there is prolonged contact. We describe a patient who developed partial thickness perineal skin burns after ingestion of white spirit and review the literature...
March 2, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248696/the-leadership-case-for-investing-in-continuing-professional-development
#18
Graham T McMahon
Continuing medical education (CME) has the power and capacity to address many challenges in the health care environment, from clinician well-being to national imperatives for better health, better care, and lower cost. Health care leaders who recognize the strategic value of education and engage their people in education can expect a meaningful return on their investment-not only in terms of the quality and safety of their clinicians' work but also in the spirit and cohesiveness of the clinicians who work at their institution...
February 28, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248447/feasibility-of-training-nurses-in-motivational-interviewing-to-improve-patient-experience-in-mental-health-inpatient-rehabilitation-a-pilot-study
#19
John Crowley, Nicola Smedley, Marie-France Mutti, Angela Cashen, Trevor Thompson, John Foster, Mel Bunyan
INTRODUCTION: There is limited research addressing the experiences of patients in inpatient rehabilitation (rehabilitation), who often spend long periods in hospital, and the nursing approaches utilised. AIM: Based on evidence that Motivational Interviewing (MI) may improve nursing practice, this was a pilot study evaluating the feasibility of training rehabilitation nurses in MI and measuring patient experience. METHOD: Nurses underwent training and supervision focusing on MI spirit...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241775/rigorous-evaluation-of-a-pregnancy-prevention-program-for-american-indian-youth-and-adolescents-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Lauren Tingey, Rachel Chambers, Novalene Goklish, Francene Larzelere, Angelita Lee, Rosemarie Suttle, Summer Rosenstock, Kristin Lake, Allison Barlow
BACKGROUND: American Indian adolescents have one of the highest rates of teen pregnancy and repeat teen births in the US. Substance use is a significant risk factor for unprotected sex, and American Indian adolescents have the highest substance use-related morbidity and mortality of any US racial group. Despite these disparities, there are no existing, evidence-based programs for pregnancy prevention that have been rigorously evaluated among American Indian teens. METHODS: The proposed study is a randomized controlled trial to test the efficacy of a comprehensive sexual and reproductive health program developed in partnership with an American Indian community...
February 27, 2017: Trials
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