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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716617/dignity-therapy-and-life-review-for-palliative-care-patients-a-qualitative-study
#1
Dean Vuksanovic, Heather Green, Shirley Morrissey, Sharelle Smith
CONTEXT: Dignity Therapy (DT) is a psychotherapeutic intervention whose aim is to bolster the sense of purpose, meaning and sense of dignity in patients with terminal disease. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore, compare and better understand the content of standard DT, waitlist DT (WDT) and Life Review (LR) that utilised the DT interview protocol but omitted the creation of legacy documents. METHODS: Efficacy of these interventions was previously documented in a sample of 56 participants...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704238/perspectives-about-mental-health-illness-and-recovery
#2
Kuruthukulangara S Jacob
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patient and physician perspectives about mental health, illness, and recovery, which affect different aspects of help seeking and healthcare, needs to be understood and theorized. RECENT FINDINGS: People seem to simultaneously hold multiple and contradictory illness beliefs and seek help from diverse sources of cure and healing. Explanatory models elicited at baseline do not predict outcomes of illness, change over time, and are dependent on the interaction between the trajectory of individual's illness and the sociocultural milieu...
July 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702941/an-application-of-partial-least-squares-for-identifying-dietary-patterns-in-bone-health
#3
Tiffany C Yang, Lorna S Aucott, Garry G Duthie, Helen M Macdonald
In a large cohort of older women, a mechanism-driven statistical technique for assessing dietary patterns that considers a potential nutrient pathway found two dietary patterns associated with lumbar spine and femoral neck bone mineral density. A "healthy" dietary pattern was observed to be beneficial for bone mineral density. INTRODUCTION: Dietary patterns represent a broader, more realistic representation of how foods are consumed, compared to individual food or nutrient analyses. Partial least-squares (PLS) is a data-reduction technique for identifying dietary patterns that maximizes correlation between foods and nutrients hypothesized to be on the path to disease, is more hypothesis-driven than previous methods, and has not been applied to the study of dietary patterns in relation to bone health...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702737/the-relationship-of-anxiety-and-depression-to-subjective-well-being-in-a-mainland-chinese-sample
#4
Christopher Malone, Amy Wachholtz
This pilot study examines anxiety, depression, and well-being in a mainland Chinese sample and discusses the implications for mental health care. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-being, and the Body Mind Spirit Well-Being Inventory were administered to 60 mainland China residents. Correlational analyses revealed significant relationships among depression, anxiety, and every domain of well-being except the faith domain. Levels of depression and anxiety are inversely related to levels of well-being in a mainland Chinese sample...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697374/counselor-competence-for-telephone-motivation-interviewing-addressing-lifestyle-change-among-dutch-older-adults
#5
Ilse Mesters, Hilde M van Keulen, Hein de Vries, Johannes Brug
Counselor competence in telephone Motivation Interviewing (MI) to change lifestyle behaviors in a primary care population was assessed using the Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity (MITI) rating system. Counselor behavior was evaluated by trained raters. Twenty minutes of a random sample of 336 MI sessions were coded representing 232 counselees. Ninety-four sessions (28%) were double coded to assess inter-rater agreement. The MI fidelity was examined by comparing the MI fidelity scores direction, empathy, spirit, % open questions, % complex reflections, reflections-to-questions ratio, % MI-adherent responses with the matching beginner proficiency MITI threshold...
July 6, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695258/environmental-impacts-and-recovery-after-the-hebei-spirit-oil-spill-in-korea
#6
U H Yim, J S Khim, M Kim, J-H Jung, W J Shim
The Hebei Spirit oil spill (HSOS) on December 7, 2007 was the worst oil spill recorded in Korea, with the release of approximately 10,900 tons of crude oil and 375 km of coastline polluted along the west coast of Korea. Cleanup operation was conducted by official and contract responders as well as volunteers for massive oil containment and removal of heavy accumulations of stranded oil. Together with the oil cleanup, a long-term environmental impact assessment (EIA) of the HSOS was initiated based on the Marine Environmental Management Act, which covers oil contamination in a multimedia environment, toxic effects on organisms, and ecosystem injury...
July 10, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695253/long-term-monitoring-of-pah-contamination-in-sediment-and-recovery-after-the-hebei-spirit-oil-spill
#7
Moonkoo Kim, Jee-Hyun Jung, Sung Yong Ha, Joon Geon An, Won Joon Shim, Un Hyuk Yim
Approximately 10,900 t of crude oil was released 10 km off the west coast of Korea after the collision between the oil tanker Hebei Spirit and a barge carrying a crane in December 2007. To assess the areal extent and temporal trends of PAH contamination, 428 sediment samples were collected from December 2007 through May 2015 for PAH analysis. Sedimentary PAH concentrations measured immediately after the spill ranged from 3.2 to 71,200 ng g(-1), with a mean of 3800 ng g(-1). Increases in PAH concentrations were observed at stations 7-23, which were heavily oiled due to tidal currents and northwesterly wind that transported the spilled oil to these locations...
July 10, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690673/professor-umberto-veronesi-a-physician-a-researcher-a-brilliant-man
#8
Ketti Mazzocco, Chiara Marzorati, Gabriella Pravettoni
Many of those who work in oncology or deal with cancer patients know of Prof. Umberto Veronesi and none of them could deny the importance of his battle against cancer. He devoted his life to improving cancer treatment and quality of life for patients. He was a physician, and a politician, but above all he was a researcher. He embodied the true spirit of research, i.e., to believe in something and investigate every aspect of it until all the questions about it have been satisfactorily answered. He never gave up when faced with challenges, and he never stopped being curious...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686129/centres-for-leadership-a-strategy-for-academic-integration
#9
Gillian King, Kathryn Parker, Sean Peacocke, C J Curran, Amy C McPherson, Tom Chau, Elaine Widgett, Darcy Fehlings, Golda Milo-Manson
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe how an Academic Health Science Centre, providing pediatric rehabilitation services, research, and education, developed a Centres for Leadership (CfL) initiative to integrate its academic functions and embrace the goal of being a learning organization. Design/methodology/approach Historical documents, tracked output information, and staff members' insights were used to describe the ten-year evolution of the initiative, its benefits, and transformational learnings for the organization...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682715/advancing-the-field-of-synthesis-scholarship-a-response-to-nicky-britten-and-colleagues
#10
Sally Thorne
Continuing the dialogue and debate on the relevance and value of qualitative metasynthesis research for the health fields, Thorne comments on some of the ideas raised by Britten and colleagues in response to her January 2017 Qualitative Health Research editorial on Metasynthetic Madness. Here she extends the debate on the terminology with which we refer to this kind of scholarly work and the kinds of research synthesis that hold potential for adding value to existing knowledge about matters of health and illness...
July 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682232/-history-of-the-montpellier-society-of-biology
#11
Jean-Pierre Bali
The provincial branch of Montpellier was officially created in April, 1956, that is to say if the gestation was long since the birth of the Society of Biology of Paris in 1848. During this long period, famous personalities of Montpellier in the field of biology and physiology came to Paris to present their work, published in the "Comptes Rendus des Séances de la Société de Biologie et de ses Filiales". Following its creation as a 1901 law public association, the provincial branch organized communication sessions, followed by thematic meetings on various topics, always in the spirit of Claude Bernard on the transversality of knowledge...
2017: Biologie Aujourd'hui
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680198/influence-of-decontaminating-agents-and-swipe-materials-on-laboratory-simulated-working-surfaces-wet-spilled-with-sodium-pertechnetate
#12
Suman Akchata, K Lavanya, Bhushan Shivanand
CONTEXT: Decontamination of various working surfaces with sodium pertechnetate minor spillage is essential for maintaining good radiation safety practices as well as for regulatory compliance. AIM: To observe the influences of decontaminating agents and swipe materials on different type of surfaces used in nuclear medicine laboratory work area wet spilled with 99m-technetium (99mTc) sodium pertechnetate. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Lab-simulated working surface materials...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679584/using-the-olympic-spirit-to-improve-teaching-and-learning-process-the-biomechanics-olympic-games
#13
Felipe P Carpes, Emmanuel Souza da Rocha, Marcos Roberto Kunzler, Pâmela Billig Mello-Carpes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679407/protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-n-of-1-trial-protocol-guidelines-and-protocol-reporting-guidelines
#14
Antony J Porcino, Salima Punja, An-Wen Chan, Richard Kravitz, Aaron Orkin, Philippe Ravaud, Christopher H Schmid, Sunita Vohra
BACKGROUND: N-of-1 trials are multiple cross-over trials done in individual participants, generating individual treatment effect information. While reporting guidelines for the CONSORT Extension for N-of-1 trials (CENT) and the Standard Protocol Items: Recommendations for Interventional Trials (SPIRIT) already exist, there is no standardized recommendation for the reporting of N-of-1 trial protocols. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate current literature on N-of-1 design and reporting to identify key elements of rigorous N-of-1 protocol design...
July 6, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676813/a-concise-review-on-multi-omics-data-integration-for-terroir-analysis-in-vitis-vinifera
#15
REVIEW
Pastor Jullian Fabres, Cassandra Collins, Timothy R Cavagnaro, Carlos M Rodríguez López
Vitis vinifera (grapevine) is one of the most important fruit crops, both for fresh consumption and wine and spirit production. The term terroir is frequently used in viticulture and the wine industry to relate wine sensory attributes to its geographic origin. Although, it can be cultivated in a wide range of environments, differences in growing conditions have a significant impact on fruit traits that ultimately affect wine quality. Understanding how fruit quality and yield are controlled at a molecular level in grapevine in response to environmental cues has been a major driver of research...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675400/chemical-physics-of-electroactive-materials-concluding-remarks
#16
Mark W Rutland
It is an honour to be charged with providing the concluding remarks for a Faraday Discussion. As many have remarked before, it is nonetheless a prodigious task, and what follows is necessarily a personal, and probably perverse, view of a watershed event in the Chemical Physics of Electroactive materials. The spirit of the conference was captured in a single sentence during the meeting itself."It is the nexus between rheology, electrochemistry, colloid science and energy storage". The current scientific climate is increasingly dominated by a limited number of global challenges, and there is thus a tendency for research to resemble a football match played by 6 year olds, where everyone on the field chases the (funding) ball instead of playing to their "discipline"...
July 1, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665960/dynamics-of-organizational-culture-individual-beliefs-vs-social-conformity
#17
Christos Ellinas, Neil Allan, Anders Johansson
The complex nature of organizational culture challenges our ability to infer its underlying dynamics from observational studies. Recent computational studies have adopted a distinctly different view, where plausible mechanisms are proposed to describe a wide range of social phenomena, including the onset and evolution of organizational culture. In this spirit, this work introduces an empirically-grounded, agent-based model which relaxes a set of assumptions that describes past work-(a) omittance of an individual's strive for achieving cognitive coherence; (b) limited integration of important contextual factors-by utilizing networks of beliefs and incorporating social rank into the dynamics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665794/facts-about-phthalate-toxicity-in-humans-and-their-occurrence-in-alcoholic-beverages
#18
Irena Brčić Karačonji, Sonja Anić Jurica, Dario Lasić, Karlo Jurica
Phthalates are esters of phthalic acid and aliphatic alcohol added to plastic to improve its softness, flexibility, and extensibility. They easily migrate from plastic products into the environment because of their physical and chemical properties. This review summarises their characteristics, distribution in the environment, monitoring, use, toxic effects on human health, regulatory limits in different matrices and products, and tolerable daily intake. The studies we have reviewed suggest that phthalates have a potential to affect reproduction and development in humans...
June 27, 2017: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663784/the-internet-trade-of-counterfeit-spirits-in-russia-an-emerging-problem-undermining-alcohol-public-health-and-youth-protection-policies
#19
Maria Neufeld, Dirk W Lachenmeier, Stephan G Walch, Jürgen Rehm
Counterfeit alcohol belongs to the category of unrecorded alcohol not reflected in official statistics. The internet trade of alcoholic beverages has been prohibited by the Russian Federation since 2007, but various sellers still offer counterfeit spirits (i.e., forged brand spirits) over the internet to Russian consumers, mostly in a non-deceptive fashion at prices up to 15 times lower than in regular sale. The public health issues arising from this unregulated trade include potential harm to underage drinkers, hazards due to toxic ingredients such as methanol, but most importantly alcohol harms due to potentially increased drinking volumes due to low prices and high availability on the internet...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661462/alcohol-marketing-during-the-uefa-euro-2016-football-tournament-a-frequency-analysis
#20
Richard I Purves, Nathan Critchlow, Martine Stead, Jean Adams, Katherine Brown
This study examined the frequency and nature of alcohol marketing references in broadcasts of the 2016 UEFA (Union of European Football Associations) European Championships football tournament in the United Kingdom (UK). Eighteen matches from across the tournament were recorded in full as broadcast in the UK, including all four matches featuring the English national team and all seven featuring the French national team. All visual and verbal references to alcohol marketing were recorded using a tool with high inter-rater reliability...
June 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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