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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341654/revealing-nonclassicality-of-inaccessible-objects
#1
Tanjung Krisnanda, Margherita Zuppardo, Mauro Paternostro, Tomasz Paterek
Some physical objects are hardly accessible to direct experimentation. It is then desirable to infer their properties based solely on the interactions they have with systems over which we have control. In this spirit, here we introduce schemes for assessing the nonclassicality of the inaccessible objects as characterized by quantum discord. We consider two probes individually interacting with the inaccessible object but not with each other. The schemes are based on monitoring entanglement dynamics between the probes...
September 22, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334962/developing-a-tablet-computer-based-application-app-to-measure-self-reported-alcohol-consumption-in-indigenous-australians
#2
K S Kylie Lee, Scott Wilson, Jimmy Perry, Robin Room, Sarah Callinan, Robert Assan, Noel Hayman, Tanya Chikritzhs, Dennis Gray, Edward Wilkes, Peter Jack GradDipIndigH, Katherine M Conigrave
BACKGROUND: The challenges of assessing alcohol consumption can be greater in Indigenous communities where there may be culturally distinct approaches to communication, sharing of drinking containers and episodic patterns of drinking. This paper discusses the processes used to develop a tablet computer-based application ('App') to collect a detailed assessment of drinking patterns in Indigenous Australians. The key features of the resulting App are described. METHODS: An iterative consultation process was used (instead of one-off focus groups), with Indigenous cultural experts and clinical experts...
January 15, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330732/touching-the-spirit-re-enchanting-the-person-in-the-body
#3
Peggy L Determeyer, Julie E Kutac
In this essay, we argue that touch constitutes a sacred connection between the patient and practitioner. When touch is avoided or overlooked, the enigmatic inner workings of the body are ignored as those aspects of the body that can be quantified and ultimately controlled are emphasized. In utilizing touch as a fundamental way of opening up space for the sacred, the practitioner affirms the humanity for both the patient and herself. Only by returning to the senses can practitioners resist the dehumanizing effects of machinery and re-enchant the health-care profession in caring for persons they have sworn to serve...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328692/role-of-the-pair-correlation-function-in-the-dynamical-transition-predicted-by-mode-coupling-theory
#4
Manoj Kumar Nandi, Atreyee Banerjee, Chandan Dasgupta, Sarika Maitra Bhattacharyya
In a recent study, we have found that for a large number of systems the configurational entropy at the pair level S_{c2}, which is primarily determined by the pair correlation function, vanishes at the dynamical transition temperature T_{c}. Thus, it appears that the information of the transition temperature is embedded in the structure of the liquid. In order to investigate this, we describe the dynamics of the system at the mean field level and, using the concepts of the dynamical density functional theory, show that the dynamical transition temperature depends only on the pair correlation function...
December 29, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325407/the-bright-elusive-butterfly-of-value-in-health-technology-development-comment-on-providing-value-to-new-health-technology-the-early-contribution-of-entrepreneurs-investors-and-regulatory-agencies
#5
Trisha Greenhalgh, Nick Fahy, Sara Shaw
The current system of health technology development is characterised by multiple misalignments. The "supply" side (innovation policy-makers, entrepreneurs, investors) and the "demand" side (health policy-makers, regulators, health technology assessment, purchasers) operate under different - and conflicting - logics. The system is less a "pathway" than an unstable ecosystem of multiple interacting sub-systems. "Value" means different things to each of the numerous actors involved. Supply-side dynamics are built on fictions; regulatory checks and balances are designed to assure quality, safety and efficacy, not to ensure that technologies entering the market are either desirable or cost-effective...
May 29, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323830/the-vision-spirit
#6
Justin Yamanuha, Xue T Xiong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319520/changes-in-the-concentration-of-carbonyl-compounds-during-the-alcoholic-fermentation-process-carried-out-with-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-yeast
#7
Grzegorz Kłosowski, Dawid Mikulski, Aleksandra Rolbiecka, Bogusław Czupryński
The aim of the study was to determine the influence of the source material and the applied S. cerevisiae strain on the concentrations of carbonyl fractions in raw spirits. Acetaldehyde was the most common aldehyde found, as it accounted for 88-92% of the total amount of aldehydes. The concentration of acetaldehyde in maize, rye and amaranth mashes was highly correlated with fermentation productivity at a given phase of the process, and reached its highest value of 193.5 mg/l EtOH in the first hours of the fermentation, regardless of the yeast strain applied...
September 27, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317910/impact-of-choice-of-skin-preparation-solution-in-cardiac-surgery-on-rate-of-surgical-site-infection-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#8
Shahzad G Raja, Melissa Rochon, Clair Mullins, Carlos Morais, Antonios Kourliouros, Ellie Wishart, Anthony De Souza, Sunil Bhudia
Background: Antiseptic skin preparations containing chlorhexidine gluconate and povidone iodine are routinely used to reduce the risk of surgical site infection (SSI). This study assesses the efficacy of two alcohol-based solutions, 2% chlorhexidine-alcohol and 10% povidone iodine-alcohol, on the incidence of cardiac SSI. Methods: A total of 738 consecutive patients undergoing cardiac surgery had skin preparation with 2% chlorhexidine gluconate in 70% isopropanol (ChloraPrep, BD Ltd, UK) were propensity matched to 738 patients with skin prepared with 10% povidone-iodine in 30% industrial methylated spirit (Videne Alcoholic Tincture, Ecolab Ltd, UK)...
January 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310396/alcohol-consumption-and-awareness-of-its-effects-on-health-among-secondary-school-students-in-nigeria
#9
Ngozi M Eze, Helen Amaka Njoku, Chiedu Eseadi, Benedette Nwanneamaka Akubue, Amaka Bibian Ezeanwu, Uchenna Cosmas Ugwu, Justina Ifeoma Ofuebe
Alcohol consumption among secondary school students is a major public health issue worldwide; however, the extent of consumption among secondary school students and their understanding of its effects on human health remain relatively unknown in many Nigerian States. This study aimed to determine the extent of alcohol consumption and of the awareness of its negative effects on human health among secondary school students.The study used a cross-sectional survey design. Self-report questionnaire developed by the researchers was administered to representative sample (N = 1302) of secondary school students in the study area...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298857/using-a-composite-morbidity-score-and-cultural-survey-to-explore-characteristics-of-high-proficiency-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#10
Joseph W Kaempf, Lian Wang, Michael Dunn
BACKGROUND: Continuous quality improvement (CQI) collaboration has not eliminated the morbidity variability seen among neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Factors other than inconstant application of potentially better practices (PBPs) might explain divergent proficiency. OBJECTIVE: Measure a composite morbidity score and determine whether cultural, environmental and cognitive factors distinguish high proficiency from lower proficiency NICUs. DESIGN/METHODS: Retrospective analysis using a risk-adjusted composite morbidity score (Benefit Metric) and cultural survey focusing on very low birth weight (VLBW) infants from 39 NICUs, years 2000-2014...
January 3, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298458/changes-to-the-editorial-team-of-the-ijsm
#11
José Alberto Ramos Duarte
There have been some changes to the Board of Editors of the IJSM. Already this year, Prof. Donald Dengel of the University of Minnesota, USA, replaced editor Prof. Joseph Houmard, who had been with the journal since 2006 and chose to leave the team for professional reasons.Unfortunately, our Editor-in-Chief Prof. Appell Coriolano is fast approaching his retirement from academia and will also be leaving the IJSM editorial team. Hans-Joachim Appell Coriolano joined the Editorial Board of the IJSM in 1987 and accepted the position of Assistant Editor in 1989...
January 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297870/the-early-years-of-the-eshg-leading-to-the-reform-of-1988-and-the-spirit-of-the-sestri-levante-school
#12
Giovanni Romeo, Eberhard Passarge, Albert de la Chapelle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287330/detection-of-counterfeit-brand-spirits-using-1h-nmr-fingerprints-in-comparison-to-sensory-analysis
#13
Thomas Kuballa, Thomas Hausler, Alex O Okaru, Maria Neufeld, Kennedy O Abuga, Isaac O Kibwage, Jürgen Rehm, Burkhard Luy, Stephan G Walch, Dirk W Lachenmeier
Beverage fraud involving counterfeiting of brand spirits is an increasing problem not only due to deception of the consumer but also because it poses health risks e.g. from possible methanol admixture. Suspicious spirit samples from Russia and Kenya were analysed using 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy in comparison to authentic products. Using linear regression analysis of spectral integral values, 4 counterfeited samples from Russia and 2 from Kenya were easily identifiable with R2 < 0...
April 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287326/aroma-profile-design-of-wine-spirits-multi-objective-optimization-using-response-surface-methodology
#14
Pau Matias-Guiu, Juan José Rodríguez-Bencomo, José R Pérez-Correa, Francisco López
Developing new distillation strategies can help the spirits industry to improve quality, safety and process efficiency. Batch stills equipped with a packed column and an internal partial condenser are an innovative experimental system, allowing a fast and flexible management of the rectification. In this study, the impact of four factors (heart-cut volume, head-cut volume, pH and cooling flow rate of the internal partial condenser during the head-cut fraction) on 18 major volatile compounds of Muscat spirits was optimized using response surface methodology and desirability function approaches...
April 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284933/evaluation-of-efficiency-of-different-decontamination-methods-of-dental-burs-an-in-vivo-study
#15
Abirami Mathivanan, D Saisadan, P Manimaran, C Dhinesh Kumar, K Sasikala, Ajmalkhan Kattack
Introduction: Infection control is very important in dentistry. Both dentist and patients are at risk of communicating diseases during treatment procedures. Dental burs have been identified as a source of cross-contamination between patient and dental personnel. Aim: The present study was done to quantitatively and qualitatively assess the pathogenic contamination of dental burs used for tooth preparation and to determine the effective method of sterilization(autoclave, glass bead sterilizer, hot air oven and surgical spirit immersion) of burs used for crown preparation...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283891/lee-geropalliative-caring-model-a-situation-specific-theory-for-older-adults
#16
Susan M Lee
This article describes the Lee Geropalliative Caring Model (GCM), a situation-specific theory that guides geropalliative care, defined as the care of older adults in the last 2 years of life. Underpinned by the theory of human caring, the GCM offers a framework for achieving the person/family outcome of well-being by suggesting caring interventions within 4 priority domains: aligning care, keeping safe, comforting body/mind/spirit, and facilitating transitions to persons with late-stage illness, including frailty and dementia...
December 27, 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281941/a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-effect-of-behavioral-strategies-for-adherence-to-oral-antidiabetic-drugs-study-protocol
#17
Danilo D Trevisan, Thaís M São-João, Marilia E Cornélio, Fernanda F Jannuzzi, Roberta C M Rodrigues, Maria Helena M Lima
BACKGROUND: Non-adherence to oral antidiabetics drugs (OADs) has been a common problem and may contribute to poor glycemic control. AIM: To describe an experimental study protocol according to the SPIRIT 2013 guidelines that aims at implementing and evaluating the effect of the "action planning and coping planning" interventions on medication adherence to OADs in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in follow-up at primary care services. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial...
December 27, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279029/beyond-leisure-the-role-of-alcohol-in-the-lives-of-nigerian-university-students
#18
Emeka W Dumbili, Blessing N Onyima
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption among young people in Nigeria has traditionally been constrained due to the socio-cultural belief that alcohol is for adults. In contemporary Nigeria, media reports indicate that young people drink alcohol regularly in large quantities, but empirical research on what motivates their alcohol use is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To explore the motives for consuming alcohol among male and female students at a Nigerian university. METHODS: Drawing on motivational theories of alcohol use, 31 semi-structured interviews were conducted with students (aged 19-23 years)...
December 26, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278620/95th-anniversary-of-pathophysiology-in-croatia
#19
Zdenko Kovač
University level of Pathophysiology research and teaching in Croatia had started with the third year of Medical School of Zagreb in academic year 1919./20. Ever since, despite historical changes of the main university stake holder, the state of Croatia, Department of Pathophysiology development progressed and has made visible academic achievements, with a broader effect in medical community. The first 95 years of academic tradition and major achievements are shortly described in this paper. Professor Miroslav Mikuličić envisioned Pathophysiology in close relations with Pharmacology and made the pioneering steps of establishing the "double" department at Šalata...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277984/direct-determination-of-trace-phthalate-esters-in-alcoholic-spirits-by-spray-inlet-microwave-plasma-torch-ionization-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#20
Meng Miao, Gaosheng Zhao, Li Xu, Junguo Dong, Ping Cheng
A direct analytical method based on spray-inlet microwave plasma torch tandem mass spectrometry (MPT-MS/MS) was applied to simultaneously determine four phthalate esters (PAEs) including benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP), diethyl phthalate (DEP), dipentyl phthalate (DPP), and dodecyl phthalate (DIDP) with extremely high sensitivity in spirits without sample treatment. Among the four brands of spirit products, three kinds of PAE compounds were directly determined at very low concentrations from 1.30 to 114 ng g-1 ...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
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