keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Body

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550809/the-impact-of-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-on-healthcare-utilisation
#1
Edel Doherty, Michelle Queally, John Cullinan, Paddy Gillespie
Rising levels of childhood overweight and obesity represent a major global public health challenge. A number of studies have explored the association between childhood overweight and obesity and healthcare utilisation and costs. This paper adds to the literature by estimating the causal effect of child overweight and obesity status on use of general practitioner (GP) and hospital inpatient stays at two time points using instrumental variable (IV) methods The paper uses data from two waves of the Growing Up in Ireland survey of children when they are 9 and 13 years respectively and uses the biological mother's body mass index (BMI) as an instrument for the child's BMI...
May 12, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550805/enantioselective-accumulation-metabolism-and-phytoremediation-of-lactofen-by-aquatic-macrophyte-lemna-minor
#2
Fang Wang, Xiaotong Yi, Han Qu, Li Chen, Donghui Liu, Peng Wang, Zhiqiang Zhou
Pesticides are frequently detected in water bodies due to the agricultural application, which may pose impacts on aquatic organisms. The enantioselective bioaccumulation and metabolism of the herbicide lactofen in aquatic floating macrophyte Lemna minor (L. minor) were studied and the potential L. minor phytoremediation was investigated. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography - tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS-MS) analysis for lactofen and its two known metabolites in L. minor was performed. The initial concentrations of racemic lactofen, R-lactofen and S-lactofen were all 30μgL(-1) in the growth solution...
May 24, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550799/in%C3%A2-vivo-assessment-of-dermal-adhesion-penetration-and-bioavailability-of-tetrabromobisphenol-a
#3
Yunjiang Yu, Liangzhong Li, Hongyan Li, Xiaowei Yu, Yanping Zhang, Qiong Wang, Zhixiang Zhou, Dandan Gao, Hao Ye, Bigui Lin, Ruixue Ma
Individuals are exposed to brominated flame retardants (BFRs), including tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), on a daily basis because of their widespread usage. These compounds may have adverse effects on human health. In the present study, dermal absorption experiments were conducted in vivo to predict the adhesion, penetration, and bioavailability of TBBPA. TBBPA was administered to Wistar rats for 6 h by repeated dermal exposure at doses of 20, 60, 200, and 600 mg of TBBPA per kg of body weight (bw). The skin adhesion coefficient (AC) was calculated using a difference-value method and ranged from 0...
May 24, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550786/two-giant-peritoneal-loose-bodies-were-simultaneously-found-in-one-patient-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Qingxing Huang, Aihong Cao, Jun Ma, Zhenhua Wang, Jianhong Dong
INTRODUCTION: Peritoneal loose body(PLB) is usually small, therefore giant Peritoneal loose body(gPLB) with a diameter >5cm has rarely been described in the literatures. We report a case of two gPLB simultaneously found in one patient. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A healthy 79-year-old man palpated himself a solid mass with alternating localizations in his peritoneal cavity 6 months ago. It was not the complaint of frequency of urinatior until he saw the doctor a week ago...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550771/determination-of-the-performance-of-vermicomposting-process-applied-to-sewage-sludge-by-monitoring-of-the-compost-quality-and-immune-responses-in-three-earthworm-species-eisenia-fetida-eisenia-andrei-and-dendrobaena-veneta
#5
Hanine Suleiman, Agnieszka Rorat, Anna Grobelak, Anna Grosser, Marcin Milczarek, Barbara Płytycz, Małgorzata Kacprzak, Franck Vandenbulcke
The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of vermicomposting process applied on three different sewage sludge (precomposted with grass clippings, sawdust and municipal solid wastes) using three different earthworm species. Selected immune parameters, namely biomarkers of stress and metal body burdens, have been used to biomonitor the vermicomposting process and to assess the impact of contaminants on earthworm's physiology. Biotic and abiotic parameters were also used in order to monitor the process and the quality of the final product...
May 18, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550763/mechanical-properties-of-a-nanoporous-membrane-used-in-implantable-medical-devices-correlation-between-experimental-characterization-and-2d-numerical-simulation
#6
F Cristofari, B Piotrowski, R Pesci
Nanoporous membranes are used for the elaboration of implantable medical devices. In order to guaranty their integrity after implantation in a patient body, it is necessary to characterize the microstructure and the mechanical behavior of such membranes. They present randomly distributed pores around 1µm in diameter at the surface. X-ray nanotomography permits to get the geometry of the pores through the thickness with a reduction of the diameter in the core. A multiscale study is done to characterize the membranes: macroscopic tensile tests permit to get the behavior law of the non porous material and in situ tensile tests are carried on in a Scanning Electron Microscope in order to observe the evolution of pores and cracks during loading...
May 18, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550755/sedentary-behaviour-patterns-in-outpatients-with-severe-mental-illness-a-cross-sectional-study-using-objective-and-self-reported-methods-the-psychiactive-project
#7
Javier Bueno-Antequera, Miguel Ángel Oviedo-Caro, Diego Munguia-Izquierdo
This study aimed to quantify and compare sedentary behaviour patterns in patients with severe mental illness as stratified by gender, age, body mass index, distress, illness duration and antipsychotic medication using both objective and self-reported methods. Sedentary behaviour patterns were measured in 90 outpatients (mean age±SD: 41.6±9.2 years, 20% women) with severe mental illness (primarily schizophrenia, n=63) using the SenseWear Armband and the Sedentary Behaviour Questionnaire. They spent 58% of waking time sedentary, primarily watching television...
May 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550718/attachment-to-place-in-advanced-age-a-study-of-the-lilacs-nz-cohort
#8
Janine L Wiles, Anna Rolleston, Avinesh Pillai, Joanna Broad, Ruth Teh, Merryn Gott, Ngaire Kerse
An extensive body of research theorises that attachment to place is positively associated with health, particularly for older people. Building on this, we measure how indicators of attachment to place are associated with health for in people of advanced age in New Zealand. We use data from a cohort study (LiLACS NZ), which includes an indigenous Māori cohort aged 80-90 years and a non-Māori cohort aged 85 years from a mixed urban/rural region in New Zealand. Each cohort undertook a comprehensive interview and health assessment (n = 267 Māori and n = 404 non-Māori)...
May 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550606/renal-injury-in-pediatric-anorexia-nervosa-a-retrospective-study
#9
Chantal Stheneur, Sebastien J Bergeron, Jean-Yves Frappier, Olivier Jamoulle, Danielle Taddeo, Marc Sznajder, Anne-Laure Lapeyraque
PURPOSE: Although primarily a mental health disorder, anorexia nervosa (AN) has many physical consequences. Among them, the consequences on kidney function are often underestimated. We evaluated renal function in adolescent AN inpatients and investigated the correlation between the GFR and intrinsic patient characteristics. METHODS: A single-center retrospective study was conducted on 51 patients hospitalized for the restrictive type of AN in 2013. Data were divided into: (1) medical history of AN; (2) growth parameters and vital signs upon admission; and (3) blood tests...
May 26, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550604/microencapsulation-of-%C3%AE-carotene-based-on-casein-guar-gum-blend-using-zeta-potential-yield-stress-phenomenon-an-approach-to-enhance-photo-stability-and-retention-of-functionality
#10
Deepika Thakur, Ashay Jain, Gargi Ghoshal, U S Shivhare, O P Katare
β-Carotene, abundant majorly in carrot, pink guava yams, spinach, kale, sweet potato, and palm oil, is an important nutrient for human health due to its scavenging action upon reactive free radicals wherever produced in the body. Inclusion of liposoluble β-carotene in foods and food ingredients is a challenging aspect due to its labile nature and low absorption from natural sources. This fact has led to the application of encapsulation of β-carotene to improve stability and bioavailability. The present work was aimed to fabricate microcapsules (MCs) of β-carotene oily dispersion using the complex coacervation technique with casein (CA) and guar gum (GG) blend...
May 26, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550593/impact-of-black-soldier-fly-larval-meal-on-growth-performance-apparent-digestibility-haematological-and-blood-chemistry-indices-of-guinea-fowl-starter-keets-under-tropical-conditions
#11
P A Wallace, J K Nyameasem, G A Adu-Aboagye, S Affedzie-Obresi, E K Nkegbe, N Karbo, F Murray, W Leschen, P -O Maquart
In order to assess the impact of larval meal on guinea fowl, six iso-caloric and iso-nitrogenous diets were fed to day-old-keets ad libitum till 8 weeks of age. Water was also freely provided. The fishmeal (FM) component of the experimental diets was replaced with black soldier fly larval meal (BSFLM) in the following percentage ratios of 0-100%. Results showed that body weight gain significantly (P < 0.05) increased in all the BSFLM treatment groups compared to the control group. The final body weight of the birds at age 8 weeks differed significantly (P < 0...
May 26, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550528/prion-like-seeding-of-misfolded-%C3%AE-synuclein-in-the-brains-of-dementia-with-lewy-body-patients-in-rt-quic
#12
Kazunori Sano, Ryuichiro Atarashi, Katsuya Satoh, Daisuke Ishibashi, Takehiro Nakagaki, Yasushi Iwasaki, Mari Yoshida, Shigeo Murayama, Kenichi Mishima, Noriyuki Nishida
The prion-like seeding of misfolded α-synuclein (αSyn) involved in the pathogenesis of Lewy body diseases (LBD) remains poorly understood at the molecular level. Using the real-time quaking-induced conversion (RT-QUIC) seeding assay, we investigated whether brain tissues from cases of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), which contain serine 129 (Ser129)-phosphorylated insoluble aggregates of αSyn, can convert Escherichia coli-derived recombinant αSyn (r-αSyn) to fibrils. Diffuse neocortical DLB yielded 50% seeding dose (SD50) values of 10(7)~10(10)/g brain...
May 26, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550501/grass-carp-reovirus-gd108-fiber-protein-is-involved-in-cell-attachment
#13
Yuanyuan Tian, Zhenzhen Jiao, Junjian Dong, Chengfei Sun, Xiaoyan Jiang, Xing Ye
Viral attachment to specific host receptors is the first step in viral infection and serves an essential function in the selection of target cells. In this study, structure analysis, neutralization assays, and cell attachment assays were carried out to evaluate the cell attachment functions of the outer capsid fiber protein of grass carp reovirus GD108 strain (GCRV-GD108). The GCRV-GD108 fiber protein contained 512 amino acids encoded by S7 segment and shared sequence similarities with mammalian reovirus cell attachment protein σ1 and adenovirus fiber...
May 26, 2017: Virus Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550460/the-impact-of-non-genetic-and-genetic-factors-on-a-stable-warfarin-dose-in-thai-patients
#14
Nitsupa Wattanachai, Sutthida Kaewmoongkun, Burabha Pussadhamma, Pattarapong Makarawate, Chaiyasith Wongvipaporn, Songsak Kiatchoosakun, Suda Vannaprasaht, Wichittra Tassaneeyakul
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the contributions of non-genetic and genetic factors on the variability of stable warfarin doses in Thai patients. METHODS: A total of 250 Thai patients with stable warfarin doses were enrolled in the study. Demographics and clinical data, e.g., age, body mass index, indications for warfarin and concomitant medications, were documented. Four single nucleotide polymorphisms in the VKORC1 - 1639G > A, CYP2C9*3, CYP4F2 rs2108622, and UGT1A1 rs887829 genes were detected from gDNA using TaqMan allelic discrimination assays...
May 26, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550440/csf-concentrations-of-adipsin-and-adiponectin-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#15
Héctor R Martínez, César E Escamilla-Ocañas, Carlos R Camara-Lemarroy, María T González-Garza, Juan M Tenorio-Pedraza, Martín Hernández-Torre
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is described as a neurodegenerative disorder. However, neuroinflammation and chemokine expression are prominent pathological finding at sites of injury. Adipsin and adiponectin are molecules that are implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative and neuroimmune disorders. Adipsin and adiponectin concentrations were determined in the CSF of ALS patients and controls and the relationship of these chemokines with clinical severity and disease duration in ALS was determined...
May 26, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550439/baseline-anthropometric-and-metabolic-parameters-correlate-with-weight-loss-in-women-1-year-after-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#16
Sans Arnaud, Bailly Laurent, Anty Rodolphe, Sielezenef Igor, Gugenheim Jean, Tran Albert, Gual Philippe, Iannelli Antonio
BACKGROUND: In this study, we explored in a prospective cohort of morbidly obese women undergoing laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGP) correlations between baseline anthropometrics, metabolic parameters, resting energy expenditure (REE), body composition, and 1-year % excess body mass index loss (%EBMIL). We also investigated risk factors for insufficient %EBMIL. METHODS: One hundred three consecutive women were prospectively evaluated at baseline (age 40...
May 26, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550423/tactile-feedback-is-an-effective-instrument-for-the-training-of-grasping-with-a-prosthesis-at-low-and-medium-force-levels
#17
Alessandro Marco De Nunzio, Strahinja Dosen, Sabrina Lemling, Marko Markovic, Meike Annika Schweisfurth, Nan Ge, Bernhard Graimann, Deborah Falla, Dario Farina
Grasping is a complex task routinely performed in an anticipatory (feedforward) manner, where sensory feedback is responsible for learning and updating the internal model of grasp dynamics. This study aims at evaluating whether providing a proportional tactile force feedback during the myoelectric control of a prosthesis facilitates learning a stable internal model of the prosthesis force control. Ten able-bodied subjects controlled a sensorized myoelectric prosthesis performing four blocks of consecutive grasps at three levels of target force (30, 50, and 70%), repeatedly closing the fully opened hand...
May 26, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550409/lipid-droplets-accumulation-and-other-biochemical-changes-induced-in-the-fungal-pathogen-ustilago-maydis-under-nitrogen-starvation
#18
Lucero Romero Aguilar, Juan Pablo Pardo, Mónica Montero Lomelí, Oscar Ivan Luqueño Bocardo, Marco A Juárez Oropeza, Guadalupe Guerra Sánchez
In many organisms, the growth under nitrogen-deprivation or a poor nitrogen source impacts on the carbon flow distribution and causes accumulation of neutral lipids, which are stored as lipid droplets (LDs). Efforts are in progress to find the mechanism of LDs synthesis and degradation, and new organisms capable of accumulating large amounts of lipids for biotechnological applications. In this context, when Ustilago maydis was cultured in the absence of a nitrogen source, there was a large accumulation of lipid bodies containing mainly triacylglycerols...
May 26, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550368/association-of-poverty-and-social-exclusion-with-body-mass-index-among-special-olympics-athletes-in-europe
#19
Pauli Rintala, Viviene A Temple, Meghann Lloyd, Chris Faro, John T Foley
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of a risk of poverty and social exclusion (AROPE), age, and gender with the body mass index (BMI) status of European Special Olympics athletes. METHODS: BMI records were available for 1905 children and youth and 5517 adults from the Special Olympics International (SOI) Health Promotion database. AROPE was extracted from EU Eurostat statistics. Logistic regression analyses were used to predict BMI status. RESULTS: For children/youth and adults, respectively, 9...
May 26, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550365/a-longitudinal-study-of-neurotrophic-oxidative-and-inflammatory-markers-in-first-onset-depression-in-midlife-women
#20
Matheus A Pasquali, Bernard L Harlow, Claudio N Soares, Michael W Otto, Lee S Cohen, Luciano Minuzzi, Daniel P Gelain, Jose Claudio F Moreira, Benicio N Frey
Prospective studies have shown during the years preceding and following menopause, also known as "menopause transition", that midlife women are at higher risk for developing first-onset major depressive disorder (MDD). The biological factors associated with risk and resilience in this population are, however, largely unknown. Considering the growing body of evidence suggesting that inflammation, oxidative stress, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are associated with the pathophysiology of MDD, we investigated serum levels of protein carbonyl, lipid peroxidation (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances-TBARS), thiol group content, BDNF, 3-nitrotyrosine, and heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) in a longitudinal cohort of first-onset MDD...
May 26, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
26668
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"