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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668149/-chronic-low-back-pain-from-the-uncertain-medical-diagnosis-to-the-profane-etiologies
#1
Josiane Mbarga, Claude Pichonnaz, Rose-Anna Foley, Céline Ancey
This qualitative research article is based on interviews with 20 participants to a low back pain rehabilitation program in a Swiss hospital. It shows that, in the absence of the obvious cause that can explain pain, patients construct their own interpretations and explanations in order to give meaning to their experience. Their explanatory models mainly include the lifestyle and the physical aspects related to the body function, what leaves little room for the psychosocial component. Their interpretation is consequently discordant with the current medical approach, which considers that chronic low back pain results from bio-psycho-social factors...
April 18, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668147/-together-we-are-stronger-management-of-complex-functional-disorders-during-adolescence
#2
Anne-Emmanuelle Ambresin, Alain Deppen, Michaël Hofer, Laurence Dahner, Olivier Roche, Mellie Huguenin Dezot, Daniela Beltrami, Paul Nouvellet, Jean-Baptiste Armengaud
Functional disorder during adolescence is a very complex problem too often limited to a psychological origin. Its pathogenesis remains unclear but it definitively associates individual and environmental factors. Recent data show anatomo-functional evidence of neural networks of the brain that is involved in pain and its psychological representation as well as the representation of pain in the body. We describe a holistic approach to manage functional disorders that include the family and promote adolescent centered care in order to reach a rapid and optimal rehabilitation...
April 18, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668141/-prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-to-tuberculosis-and-non-tuberculous-mycobacterial-infections-in-hiv-positive-patients-in-bogot%C3%A3
#3
Magda Beltrán-León, Francy Pérez-Llanos, Liliana Sánchez, Carlos Parra-López, Myriam Navarrete, Ricardo Sánchez, Carlos Awad, Ana María Granada, Edgardo Quintero, Óscar Briceño, Óscar Cruz, Martha Isabel Murcia
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis is one of the most widely distributed infectious diseases worldwide. It is the most common cause of mortality among AIDS patients. In Colombia, 12,918 tuberculosis cases were notified, and 926 deaths were reported in 2015. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and risk factors associated to mycobacterial infections in HIVpositive patients in two public hospitals from Bogotá. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective and descriptive study was carried out by an active search for tuberculosis cases and non-tuberculous mycobacterial infections in HIV-positive patients...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668063/beyond-migration-chemokines-in-lymphocyte-priming-differentiation-and-modulating-effector-functions
#4
REVIEW
Julia M Laufer, Daniel F Legler
Chemokines and their receptors coordinate the positioning of leukocytes, and lymphocytes in particular, in space and time. Discrete lymphocyte subsets, depending on their activation and differentiation status, express various sets of chemokine receptors to be recruited to distinct tissues. Thus, the network of chemokines and their receptors ensures the correct localization of specialized lymphocyte subsets within the appropriate microenvironment enabling them to search for cognate antigens, to become activated, and to fulfill their effector functions...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668058/i-introduction-understanding-medicines-and-medical-interventions
#5
Kristi L Lockhart, Frank C Keil
We live in an increasingly pharmacological and medical world, where children and adults frequently encounter alleged treatments for an enormous range of illnesses. How do we come to understand what heals and why? Here, 15 studies explore how 1,414 children (ages 5-11) and 882 adults construe the efficacies of different kinds of cures. Developmental patterns in folk physics, psychology, and biology lead to predictions about which expectations about cures will remain relatively constant across development and which will change...
June 2018: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668049/surgical-management-of-spontaneous-cerebrospinal-fistulas-and-encephaloceles-of-the-temporal-bone
#6
Joe Walter Kutz, Andrew K Johnson, Cameron C Wick
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To describe the presentation, surgical findings, and outcomes in patients with spontaneous temporal bone cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistulas and encephaloceles. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients treated for a spontaneous temporal bone CSF fistula and/or encephalocele over a 10-year period was performed. Data recorded included demographic information, presenting signs and symptoms, radiographic and laboratory studies, surgical approach, materials used for repair, surgical complications, and successful closure of the CSF fistula...
April 18, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668045/when-does-the-influence-of-maturation-on-anthropometric-and-physical-fitness-characteristics-increase-and-subside
#7
Christopher Towlson, Stephen Cobley, Guy Parkin, Ric Lovell
The relationships between maturation and anthropometric and physical performance characteristics are dynamic and often asynchronous; confounding the capability to accurately evaluate performance during adolescence. This study aimed to (i) examine the influence of chronological age (CA) and somatic maturation (YPHV) upon anthropometric and physical performance parameters, and (ii) identify the transition/change time-points in these relationships using segmental regression. N=969 soccer players (8-18 years of age) completed anthropometric and physical test assessments, including a counter-movement jump (CMJ), agility T-test, 10 and 20m sprints, and multi-stage fitness test (MSFT)...
April 18, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668043/folate-deficiency-increases-chromosomal-damage-and-mutations-in-hematopoietic-cells-in-the-transgenic-mutamouse-model
#8
Danielle P LeBlanc, Nathalie A Behan, Jason M O'Brien, Francesco Marchetti, Amanda J MacFarlane
Folate deficiency causes megaloblastic anemia and neural tube defects, and is also associated with some cancers. In vitro, folate deficiency increases mutation frequency and genome instability, as well as exacerbates the mutagenic potential of known environmental mutagens. Conversely, it remains unclear whether or not elevated folic acid (FA) intakes are beneficial or detrimental to the induction of DNA mutations and by proxy human health. We used the MutaMouse transgenic model to examine the in vivo effects of FA deficient, control, and supplemented diets on somatic DNA mutant frequency (MF) and genome instability in hematopoietic cells...
April 18, 2018: Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668028/reallocating-time-between-sleep-sedentary-and-active-behaviours-associations-with-obesity-and-health-in-canadian-adults
#9
Rachel C Colley, Isabelle Michaud, Didier Garriguet
BACKGROUND: Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sleep are positively associated with adults' health, while the association with sedentary behaviour (SED) is negative. Light-intensity physical activity (LPA) is emerging as an independent predictor of improved cardiovascular health. The health impacts of each of these factors have been examined in isolation, but interest has increased in associations between health and movement behaviours collectively. DATA AND METHODS: This analysis examines how reallocating time between movement behaviours is associated with obesity and with self-rated general and mental health...
April 18, 2018: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668020/adolescent-sexual-health-and-education-where-does-the-pediatrician-s-responsibility-fall
#10
Rachel S Dawson
Adolescence is a stressful time with a considerable amount of change, not only physically, with all the changes expected throughout puberty, but also emotionally, spiritually, and psychosocially. Teens are learning how to build and sustain relationships, learning boundaries in all areas of their lives, experimenting, as well as setting values that will sustain them throughout their lives. Home, school, various social settings, and places of worship all contribute to where adolescents learn what their values are, what they want their values to be, and how they start to make choices about their personal beliefs, which may not always align with their family values...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668008/the-secular-trend-and-network-effects-on-height-of-male-japanese-students-from-1955-to-2015
#11
Dominik Bents, Detlef Groth, Takashi Satake
Introduction : Body height is influenced by biological factors such as genetics, nutrition and health, but also by the social network, and environmental and economical factors. During centuries, the Japanese society has developed on islands. This setting provides ideal natural conditions for studying the influence of social networks on human height. Material and methods : We investigated body height of male Japanese students aged 17.5 years obtained in 47 prefectures, from the Japanese school health survey of the years 1955, 1975, 1995, and 2015...
April 18, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667934/brain-computer-interaction-for-online-enhancement-of-visuospatial-attention-performance
#12
Romain Trachel, Thomas Brochier, Maureen Clerc
OBJECTIVE: the goal of this study is to investigate whether BCI that decode the location of covert attention can be leveraged to enhance visuospatial attention performance. Here, the covert attention task is to discriminate the orientation of a low-contrast target embedded in dynamic noise. Visuospatial attention performance is measured by the reaction time and the accuracy of target discrimination. APPROACH: The target location is indicated by a central cue made of randomly moving dots providing either predictive or ambiguous information...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667917/recent-trends-in-weight-loss-attempts-data-from-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#13
Hyoung-Ji Lim, Hee-Taik Kang, Jae-Woo Lee
Obesity is global health concern. It is important to understand trends in weight loss attempts from a preventive health standpoint. This study aimed to investigate trends in weight loss attempts among Korean adults. Data from 81 605 adults ≥18 years who participated in the 2005 to 2015 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. Participants were classified into 5 groups by body mass index. The percentage of weight loss attempts was standardized with the 2010 Korean Housing Census...
April 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667831/a-rigorous-method-of-calculating-exfoliation-energies-from-first-principles
#14
Jong Hyun Jung, Cheol-Hwan Park, Jisoon Ihm
The exfoliation energy, the energy required to peel off an atomic layer from the surface of a bulk material, is of fundamental importance in the science and engineering of two-dimensional materials. Traditionally, the exfoliation energy of a material has been obtained from first-principles by calculating the difference in the ground-state energy between (i) a slab of N atomic layers ( N ≫ 1) and (ii) a slab of N - 1 atomic layers plus an atomic layer separated from the slab. In this paper, we prove that the exfoliation energy can be obtained exactly as the difference in the ground-state energy between a bulk material (per atomic layer) and a single isolated layer...
April 18, 2018: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667794/body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-the-cosmetic-practice
#15
Helena Kuhn, Paulo R Cunha, Natalie H Matthews, George Kroumpouzos
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a preoccupation with a slight or imagined flaw in appearance that causes significant distress and impairment in daily functioning. The disease is more prevalent among patients who seek aesthetic procedures as compared with population standards or individuals that are not interested in aesthetic surgery. Several studies have indicated that BDD symptoms typically worsen after an aesthetic procedure because the preoccupation shifts to a different body area. This article discusses the demographic and clinical features, psychiatric comorbidity, assessment, differential diagnosis, and management of BDD...
April 18, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667792/habit-reversal-training-for-body-focused-repetitive-behaviors-a-practical-guide-for-the-dermatologist
#16
Amber B Dunbar, Michelle Magid, Jason S Reichenberg
Habit reversal training (HRT) is a clinically effective treatment for body-focused repetitive disorders (BFRDs) such as trichotillomania, onychophagia, and dermatillomania. Despite many dermatology providers knowing the term HRT, very few understand what HRT is and how it actually works. In this article, we give a detailed explanation of HRT and walk the reader through a six-session HRT protocol. We will briefly discuss adjunct interventions for BFRDs, including pharmacological approaches. We aim to make dermatologists more comfortable in offering basic HRT within their clinics and to close the gap that currently exists between patients who are HRT candidates and those who receive HRT treatment...
April 18, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667780/variability-in-vertebral-numbers-does-not-contribute-to-sexual-size-dimorphism-interspecific-variability-or-phenotypic-plasticity-in-body-size-in-geckos-squamata-gekkota-paroedura
#17
Lukáš Kratochvíl, Lukáš Kubička, Martin Vohralík, Zuzana Starostová
Body size is a fundamental trait correlated with nearly every aspect of animal life. It is influenced by numerous genetic and non-genetic factors. Despite its central importance, proximate mechanisms of intra- and interspecific variability in body size are still not well understood even in such a largely studied group as reptiles. For our study, we concentrated on the gecko species Paroedura picta. We investigated whether differences in sexual size dimorphism and in final and asymptotic snout-vent length (induced by a range of incubation and rearing temperatures) are correlated with differences in the number of presacral vertebrae...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological and Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667750/association-between-body-mass-index-and-pancreatitis-in-children-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#18
Pernille R Mogensen, Benjamin O Wolthers, Kathrine Grell, Kjeld Schmiegelow, Thomas L Frandsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667639/-a-change-in-the-direction-of-the-wound-channel-in-the-case-of-the-combined-injury-inflicted-by-a-shot-from-the-9-0-mm-makarov-pistol
#19
A A Gusarov, I Yu Makarov, V A Fetisov
The authors present an example from the expert practice demonstrating the influence of such factors as the properties of the ammunition fired from a weapon (including its weight, size, shape, and speed) as well as the anatomical features of the body tissues being affected on the mechanism of formation of a gunshot wound in the human body. The investigation of the suicide of subject P. has demonstrated the penetrating bullet wound of the neck and the head. The entrance wound was located at the anterior neck surface and the exit one in the left half of the occipital region...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667607/blunt-abdominal-trauma-following-gunshot-wound-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Myftar Torba, Arben Gjata, Francesco Rulli, Ilir Kajo, Sotir Ceka, Afron Mici
Blunt abdominal trauma following gunshot wound. Case report and literature review Introduction: Similarly to blast weapons, every firearm produces explosion at the moment of shooting, which can cause injuries in every region of the body. The aim of this paper is to present the mechanism of blunt abdominal injury following gunshot wounds, bringing this uncommon disease to the clinicians' attention and to review the literature available. CASE REPORT: A patient developed a delayed bowel perforation following a gunshot injury of the abdomen without breaking of the peritoneum...
April 20, 2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
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