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Gait analyse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944697/influence-of-trunk-control-and-lower-extremity-impairments-on-gait-capacity-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#1
Julia Balzer, Petra Marsico, Elena Mitteregger, Marietta L van der Linden, Thomas H Mercer, Hubertus J A van Hedel
PURPOSE: We investigated the combined impact of trunk control and lower extremities impairments on predicting gait capacity in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and evaluated relationships between trunk control and lower extremities impairments. METHODS: Data of 52 children with CP [29 boys, mean age 11 years 9 months (±4 years 6 months)] were included in this observational study. Gait capacity was measured by the "modified Time Up and Go test". Experienced therapists performed the "Modified Ashworth Scale", "Manual Muscle Test", the "Selective Control Assessment of the Lower Extremity", and the "Trunk Control Measurement Scale"...
September 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942611/global-sensory-impairment-predicts-morbidity-and-mortality-in-older-u-s-adults
#2
Jayant M Pinto, Kristen E Wroblewski, Megan Huisingh-Scheetz, Camil Correia, Kevin J Lopez, Rachel C Chen, David W Kern, Philip L Schumm, William Dale, Martha K McClintock
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate global sensory impairment (GSI, an integrated measure of sensory dysfunction) as a predictor of physical function, cognition, overall health, and mortality. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: The National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project. PARTICIPANTS: A national probability sample of 3,005 home-dwelling older U.S. adults assessed at baseline (2005-06) and 5-year follow-up (2010-11). MEASUREMENTS: Gait speed, activity, disability, cognition, overall health, 5-year mortality...
September 24, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941285/femoral-neck-shaft-angle-and-climate-induced-body-proportions
#3
Stephanie L Child, Libby W Cowgill
OBJECTIVES: Declination in femoral neck-shaft angle (NSA) is commonly linked to an increased level of physical activity during life. More recently, however, research suggests that lower NSA might also be explained, in part, as the mechanical consequence of differences in ecogeographic body proportions. This study tests the proposed link between NSA and climatic-induced body proportions, using relative body mass (RBM), throughout the course of development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: NSA and RBM were collected for 445 immature remains from five geographic locations...
September 23, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939426/the-semmes-weinstein-monofilament-examination-for-predicting-physical-performance-and-the-risk-of-falls-in-older-people-results-from-the-pro-v-a-longitudinal-study
#4
Pamela Carrer, Caterina Trevisan, Chiara Curreri, Valter Giantin, Stefania Maggi, Gaetano Crepaldi, Enzo Manzato, Giuseppe Sergi
OBJECTIVES: to investigate whether Semmes Weinstein Monofilament Examination (SWME) was associated with, and could predict measures of physical performance and the risk of fall in elderly subjects. DESIGN: prospective study (mean follow-up 4.4-years). SETTING: community. SUBJECTS: 2826 older subjects enrolled in the Progetto Veneto Anziani (Pro.V.A.), an Italian population-based cohort study. For longitudinal analyses, we considered a subsample of 1885 persons who did not report falls at baseline...
September 19, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934309/increased-plasma-proline-concentrations-are-associated-with-sarcopenia-in-the-elderly
#5
Kenji Toyoshima, Marie Nakamura, Yusuke Adachi, Akira Imaizumi, Tomomi Hakamada, Yasuko Abe, Eiji Kaneko, Soiciro Takahashi, Kentaro Shimokado
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Metabolome analyses have shown that plasma amino acid profiles reflect various pathological conditions, such as cancer and diabetes mellitus. It remains unclear, however, whether plasma amino acid profiles change in patients with sarcopenia. This study therefore aimed to investigate whether sarcopenia-specific changes occur in plasma amino acid profiles. METHODS: A total of 153 community-dwelling and seven institutionalized elderly individuals (56 men, 104 women; mean age, 77...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927719/sex-dependent-behavioral-impairments-in-the-hdhq350-mouse-line
#6
Jessica K Cao, Peter J Detloff, Richard G Gardner, Nephi Stella
Huntington's Disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease characterized by gradual deterioration of motor and cognitive functions and development of psychiatric deficits. Animal models provide powerful means to study the pathological processes, molecular dysfunctions and symptoms associated with HD. We performed a longitudinal behavioral study of the newly developed HdhQ350/+ mouse line, a knock-in model that expresses a repeat of 350 glutamines. We found remarkable sex-dependent differences on symptom onset and severity...
September 16, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923172/handgrip-strength-is-associated-with-but-poorly-predicts-disability-in-older-women-with-acute-low-back-pain-a-12-month-follow-up-study
#7
Diogo Carvalho Felício, Juliano Bergamaschine Mata Diz, Daniele Sirineu Pereira, Bárbara Zille de Queiroz, Juscélio Pereira de Silva, Bruno de Souza Moreira, Vinícius Cunha Oliveira, Leani Souza Máximo Pereira
BACKGROUND: Older women with low back pain (LBP) constitute a special subpopulation at risk of severe and permanent disability. It is important to identify factors limiting functionality in this population in order to reduce costs and improve both prevention and intervention. Handgrip strength (HGS) is a biomarker of aging associated with several adverse health outcomes, but long-term associations with disability in older patients with LBP are not known. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether HGS predicts disability in older women with acute low back pain (LBP)...
October 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922311/motor-imagery-training-after-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
Zaqueline Fernandes Guerra, Alessandra L G Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A number of studies have suggested that imagery training (motor imagery [MI]) has value for improving motor function in persons with neurologic conditions. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the available literature related to efficacy of MI in the recovery of individuals after stroke. METHODS: We searched the following databases: PubMed, Web of Knowledge, Scopus, Cochrane, and PEDro. Two reviewers independently selected clinical trials that investigated the effect of MI on outcomes commonly investigated in studies of stroke recovery...
October 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918357/long-term-follow-up-after-tibialis-anterior-tendon-shortening-in-combination-with-achilles-tendon-lengthening-in-spastic-equinus-in-cerebral-palsy
#9
Michèle Kläusler, Bernhard Maria Speth, Reinald Brunner, Oren Tirosh, Carlo Camathias, Erich Rutz
Using Tibialis Anterior Shortening (TATS) in combination with Achilles Tendon Lengthening (TAL) to treat spastic equinus in children with cerebral palsy (CP) was described in 2011. Short-term results have indicated a good outcome, especially an improvement of the drop foot in swing phase and the correction of equinus in stance phase. The aim of this study was to analyse the results of the long-term follow-up and to determine the relapse rate of TATS and TAL. The kinematics of the sagittal, frontal and transversal planes were measured by using instrumented 3D gait analysis at three defined time points and then described using the Gait Profile Score (GPS) and Movement Analysis Profile (MAP)...
August 30, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900546/short-term-and-long-term-effects-of-an-exercise-based-patient-education-programme-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-pilot-study
#10
Christina Lutz, Stephanie Kersten, Christian T Haas
Background. Although people with Multiple Sclerosis (pwMS) benefit from physical exercise, they still show reduced physical activity and exercise behaviour. This study aimed to investigate short- and long-term effects of an exercise-based patient education programme (ePEP) that focuses on empowering pwMS to a sustainable and self-regulated exercise training management. Methods. Fourteen pwMS were randomly assigned to immediate experimental group (EG-I: n = 8) and waitlist-control group (EG-W: n = 6) and attended biweekly in a six-week ePEP...
2017: Multiple Sclerosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899662/baseline-association-of-motoric-cognitive-risk-syndrome-with-sustained-attention-memory-and-global-cognition
#11
Fiachra J Maguire, Isabelle Killane, Andrew P Creagh, Orna Donoghue, Rose Anne Kenny, Richard B Reilly
OBJECTIVES: Slow gait has been shown to be a good predictor of declining cognitive function in healthy older adults. Motoric cognitive risk (MCR) syndrome is a new construct incorporating slow gait and subjective cognitive complaints in individuals without dementia who have preserved activities of daily living. This analysis investigated the prevalence of MCR and factors associated with MCR in a nationally representative population. In addition, cross-sectional associations between MCR and cognitive domains, an relationship yet to be fully elucidated in literature, was investigated...
September 9, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895909/measurement-of-walking-ground-reactions-in-real-life-environments-a-systematic-review-of-techniques-and-technologies
#12
REVIEW
Erfan Shahabpoor, Aleksandar Pavic
Monitoring natural human gait in real-life environments is essential in many applications, including quantification of disease progression, monitoring the effects of treatment, and monitoring alteration of performance biomarkers in professional sports. Nevertheless, developing reliable and practical techniques and technologies necessary for continuous real-life monitoring of gait is still an open challenge. A systematic review of English-language articles from scientific databases including Scopus, ScienceDirect, Pubmed, IEEE Xplore, EBSCO and MEDLINE were carried out to analyse the 'accuracy' and 'practicality' of the current techniques and technologies for quantitative measurement of the tri-axial walking ground reactions outside the laboratory environment, and to highlight their strengths and shortcomings...
September 12, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893187/does-dual-task-training-improve-walking-performance-of-older-adults-with-concern-of-falling
#13
B Wollesen, S Schulz, L Seydell, K Delbaere
BACKGROUND: Older adults with concerns of falling show decrements of gait stability under single (ST) and dual task (DT) conditions. To compare the effects of a DT training integrating task managing strategies for independent living older adults with and without concern about falling (CoF) to a non-training control group on walking performance under ST and DT conditions. METHODS: Single center parallel group single blind randomized controlled trial with group-based interventions (DT-managing balance training) compared to a control group (Ninety-five independent living older adults; 71...
September 11, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886059/optimisation-of-a-machine-learning-algorithm-in-human-locomotion-using-principal-component-and-discriminant-function-analyses
#14
Maria Bisele, Martin Bencsik, Martin G C Lewis, Cleveland T Barnett
Assessment methods in human locomotion often involve the description of normalised graphical profiles and/or the extraction of discrete variables. Whilst useful, these approaches may not represent the full complexity of gait data. Multivariate statistical methods, such as Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Discriminant Function Analysis (DFA), have been adopted since they have the potential to overcome these data handling issues. The aim of the current study was to develop and optimise a specific machine learning algorithm for processing human locomotion data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881570/diagnostic-performance-of-gait-speed-g8-and-g8-modified-indices-to-screen-for-vulnerability-in-older-cancer-patients-the-prospective-pf-ec-cohort-study
#15
Frederic Pamoukdjian, Florence Canoui-Poitrine, Coralie Longelin-Lombard, Thomas Aparicio, Nathalie Ganne, Philippe Wind, Claudia Martinez-Tapia, Etienne Audureau, Georges Sebbane, Laurent Zelek, Elena Paillaud
BACKGROUND: The diagnostic performance of tools used to screen vulnerability in older cancer patients varies widely. We assessed the diagnostic performance of gait speed (GS) for assessing vulnerability in such patients. METHODS: All consecutive outpatients 65 years and older were referred for geriatric oncology assessment (GA) before a therapeutic decision between November 2013 and April 2016 in a bicentric observational and prospective cohort study. Vulnerability was defined as impaired score on at least one of the 6 domains of the GA...
August 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869903/biomechanical-differences-between-cases-with-suspected-chronic-exertional-compartment-syndrome-and-asymptomatic-controls-during-running
#16
Andrew Roberts, David Roscoe, David Hulse, Alexander N Bennett, Sharon Dixon
Chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) has been hypothesised, following clinical observations, to be the result of abnormal biomechanics predominantly at the ankle. Treatment of CECS through running re-education to correct these abnormalities has been reported to improve symptoms. However no primary research has been carried out to investigate the movement patterns of those with CECS. This study aimed to compare the running kinematics and muscle activity of cases with CECS and asymptomatic controls...
August 30, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869901/transtibial-prosthetic-socket-shape-in-a-developing-country-a-study-to-compare-initial-outcomes-in-pressure-cast-hydrostatic-and-patella-tendon-bearing-designs
#17
Sheridan Laing, Noel Lythgo, Jim Lavranos, Peter Vee Sin Lee
This study compared the physical function and comfort level of patients with unilateral transtibial amputation after being fitted with a hand-cast Patella Tendon Bearing (PTB) socket and a pressure-cast (PCAST) hydrocast socket. The latter technique aims to reduce the skill dependency currently required for socket manufacture and fit. The study was conducted at the Vietnamese Training Centre for Orthopaedic Technologies and involved seventeen Vietnamese participants with unilateral transtibial amputation, all of whom were long term users of prosthetics...
August 18, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869185/gait-variability-and-motor-control-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-as-measured-by-the-uncontrolled-manifold-technique
#18
Gwenllian Fflur Tawy, Philip Rowe, Leela Biant
Knee osteoarthritis (OA) causes pain, reduced muscular strength and stiffness of the affected joint. In response, the motor control mechanism is altered, potentially compromising stability during acts of daily living. Reduced walking stability can be quantified in terms of gait variability. This study therefore aimed to identify and quantify the effects of knee arthritis on gait variability. Fifty adults (25 males/25 females) with end-stage OA of the knee sufficiently symptomatic to require joint replacement, walked on a self-paced treadmill for 2min...
August 18, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868567/gait-analysis-of-patients-with-an-off-the-shelf-total-knee-replacement-versus-customized-bi-compartmental-knee-replacement
#19
Henry Wang, Jonathan Foster, Natasha Franksen, Jill Estes, Lindsey Rolston
INTRODUCTION: Newer TKR designs have been introduced to the market with the aim of overcoming common sizing problems with older TKR designs. Furthermore, since a sizable percentage of patients with OA present with disease limited to the medial/lateral knee compartment in addition to the patellofemoral joint, for whom, a customized bi-compartmental knee replacement (BKR) is available as a treatment option. To date, there is very little information regarding knee strength and mechanics during gait for patients implanted with these modern TKR and BKR designs...
September 4, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862042/the-component-timed-up-and-go-test-the-utility-and-psychometric-properties-of-using-a-mobile-application-to-determine-prosthetic-mobility-in-people-with-lower-limb-amputations
#20
Sheila M Clemens, Robert S Gailey, Christopher L Bennett, Paul F Pasquina, Neva J Kirk-Sanchez, Ignacio A Gaunaurd
OBJECTIVE: Using a custom mobile application to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Component Timed-Up-and-Go test to assess prosthetic mobility in people with lower limb amputation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design. SETTING: National conference for people with limb loss. SUBJECTS: A total of 118 people with non-vascular cause of lower limb amputation participated. Subjects had a mean age of 48 (±13.7) years and were an average of 10 years post amputation...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
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